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1.
Inorg Chem ; 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543325

RESUMO

A series of BaAl12O19:Sm2+/SrAl12O19:Sm3+ mixed-phase phosphors were produced in one step using the traditional high-temperature solid-phase process. Because Sm is divalent in BaAl12O19 and trivalent in SrAl12O19, the coexistence of Sm2+ and Sm3+ is realized in the mixed-phase host. Since the temperature sensitivity of Sm2+ and Sm3+ in the solid solution host is significantly different, this makes it possible for the sample to measure temperature based on the fluorescence intensity ratio (FIR). The crystal model, ion emission spectrum, and temperature sensitivity of these phosphors are studied in detail. Under the co-excitation of a 410 nm excitation source, this sample has excellent temperature measurement performance in the range of 313-513 K. Based on the FIR method, the maximum absolute temperature sensitivity (Sa) is 0.55 K-1 at 513 K, and the maximum relative temperature sensitivity (Sr) is 2.47%K-1 at 453 K. Moreover, based on the photoluminescence lifetime temperature measurement mode, the largest value of Sa at 413 K is 0.046 K-1, and the maximum value of Sr at 473 K is 3.10%K-1. In short, the BaAl12O19:Sm2+/SrAl12O19:Sm3+ solid solution is a kind of phosphor with nice temperature measurement ability, and it has very strong potential in the application of noncontact optical thermometers.

2.
Therap Adv Gastroenterol ; 15: 17562848221087536, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574427

RESUMO

Background: The association of endoscopic variceal treatment (EVT) with portal venous system thrombosis (PVST) in liver cirrhosis is still unclear. Methods: PVST was assessed by contrast-enhanced CT or MRI in 406 cirrhotic patients from our prospective database. Case and control groups, which are defined as patients with and without PVST, respectively, were matched at a ratio of 1:1 according to age, gender, Child-Pugh class, and MELD score. History of EVT was reviewed. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for PVST. Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated. Subgroup analyses were further performed in terms of degree and location of PVST. Results: Overall, 109 patients each were included in case and control groups. The case group had a significantly higher proportion of patients who had undergone EVT than the control group (53.2% versus 18.3%; p < 0.001). In detail, the case group had significantly higher proportions of patients who had undergone EVT for controlling bleeding (45.9% versus 14.7%; p < 0.001), endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) alone (19.3% versus 9.2%; p = 0.033), and EVL combined with endoscopic cyanoacrylate glue injection (24.8% versus 5.5%; p < 0.001). EVT was independently associated with PVST (OR = 4.258; p < 0.001). In subgroup analyses, EVT remained independently associated with partial PVST (OR = 10.063; p < 0.001), complete PVST/fibrotic cord (OR = 4.889; p = 0.008), thrombosis within main portal vein (OR = 5.985; p < 0.001), and thrombosis within superior mesenteric and splenic veins (OR = 5.747; p < 0.001). Conclusions: EVT may lead to a higher risk of PVST, especially more severe PVST, in liver cirrhosis. Screening for and prophylaxis of PVST after EVT should be further explored.

3.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(5): e2213247, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35594042

RESUMO

Importance: Healthy sleep has an important role in the physical and mental health of children. However, few studies have investigated the association between outdoor artificial light at night (ALAN) and sleep disorders in children. Objective: To explore the associations between outdoor ALAN exposure and sleep disorders in children. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cross-sectional study, part of the National Chinese Children Health Study, was conducted from April 1, 2012, to June 30, 2013, in the first stage and from May 1, 2016, to May 31, 2018, in the second stage in 55 districts of 14 cities in China. This analysis included 201 994 children and adolescents aged 2 to 18 years. Data were analyzed from February 20 to March 21, 2022. Exposures: Outdoor ALAN exposure (in nanowatts per centimeters squared per steradian) within 500 m of each participant's residential address obtained from the satellite imagery data, with a resolution of approximately 500 m. Main Outcomes and Measures: Sleep disorders were measured by the Chinese version of the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children. Generalized linear mixed models were used to estimate the associations of outdoor ALAN with sleep scores and sleep disorders. Results: The study included 201 994 children and adolescents (mean [SD] age, 11.3 [3.2] years; 106 378 boys [52.7%]), 7166 (3.5%) of whom had sleep disorder symptoms. Outdoor ALAN exposure of study participants ranged from 0.02 to 113.48 nW/cm2/sr. Compared with the lowest quintile (Q1) of outdoor ALAN exposure, higher quintiles of exposure (Q2-Q5) were associated with an increase in total sleep scores of 0.81 (95% CI, 0.66-0.96) in Q2, 0.83 (95% CI, 0.68-0.97) in Q3, 0.62 (95% CI, 0.46-0.77) in Q4, and 0.53 (95% CI, 0.36-0.70) in Q5. Higher quintiles of exposure were also associated with odds ratios for sleep disorder of 1.34 (95% CI, 1.23-1.45) in Q2, 1.43 (95% CI, 1.32-1.55) in Q3, 1.31 (95% CI, 1.21-1.43) in Q4, and 1.25 (95% CI, 1.14-1.38) in Q5. Similar associations were observed for sleep disorder subtypes. In addition, greater effect estimates were found among children younger than 12 years. Conclusions and Relevance: The findings of this cross-sectional study suggest that sleep disorders are more prevalent among children residing in areas with high levels of outdoor ALAN and the associations are generally stronger in children younger than 12 years. These findings further suggest that effective control of outdoor ALAN may be an important measure for improving the quality of children's sleep.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Adolescente , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia
4.
Forensic Sci Int Genet ; 59: 102720, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35594656

RESUMO

Microhaplotypes are forensic genetic markers that combine single nucleotide polymorphisms in close proximity to one another. Highly discriminative microhaplotype markers could be superior to short tandem repeats (STRs) in DNA mixture deconvolution investigations because they are not interfered by stutters. In this study, the effective number of alleles (Ae) and discrimination power values of microhaplotypes and STRs were compared. It was found that current microhaplotypes are not as discriminative as commonly used forensic STRs. Effective screening of highly discriminative microhaplotype markers were consequently conducted for East Asian populations. To satisfy different forensic application needs, four sets of microhaplotypes with Ae values ≥ 4 were screened for under different conditions that included marker length and physical distances between markers. While the four sets contained 703, 301, 337, and 190 microhaplotypes, their average Ae values reached 5.38, 6.30, 7.39, and 5.61, respectively. The microhaplotype group containing 301 markers (maximum length of 200 bp and separated by ≥ 5 million bases) was further investigated. The results showed that none of the 301 loci were exactly the same as those previously reported, while seven loci partially overlapped with known markers. While Ae values of 45 loci were ≥ 8, the Ae value of the mh17WL-008 locus reached a maximum of 93.57. Further analysis showed that the newly identified microhaplotype markers were also highly polymorphic in African, American, European, and South Asian populations.

5.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: G-protein-coupled ER (GPR30) plays an important role in cardioprotection. Recent studies have shown that the GPR30-specific agonist G-1 reduces the degree of myocardial fibrosis in rats with myocardial infarction, reduces the morbidity associated with atrial fibrillation, and inhibits the proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts in animal experiments. Nevertheless, the underlying mechanism of myocardial fibrosis and atrial fibrillation remains unclear. In this study, we explored the mechanism underlying the effect of GPR30 on atrial fibrosis and atrial fibrillation in OVX mice. METHODS: We established an animal model of atrial fibrillation induced by Ang II (derived from OVX C57BL/6 female mice) and observed the role of G-1 in cardiac function by echocardiography, hemodynamics, morphology and fibrosis-related and apoptosis-related protein expression by Masson's trichrome, immunofluorescence, western blotting and TUNEL staining. RESULTS: Echocardiography and body surface ECG showed that G-1 combined with Ang II significantly reduced atrial fibrosis and atrial fibrillation compared to Ang II alone. The G-1 treatment group exhibited changes in the mRNA and protein expression of apoptosis-related genes. Moreover, G-1 treatment also altered the levels of inflammation-related proteins and mRNAs. In primary cultured cardiac fibroblasts (CFSs), proliferation was significantly increased in response to Ang II, and G-1 inhibited cell proliferation and apoptosis. CONCLUSION: GPR30 is a potential therapeutic target for alleviating atrial fibrosis in OVX mice by upregulating Smad7 expression to inhibit the TGF-ß/Smad pathway.

6.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 2364, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501352

RESUMO

Negative pressure has emerged as a powerful tool to tailor the physical properties of functional materials. However, a negative pressure control of spin-phonon coupling for engineering magnetism and multiferroicity has not been explored to date. Here, using uniform three-dimensional strain-induced negative pressure in nanocomposite films of (EuTiO3)0.5:(MgO)0.5, we demonstrate an emergent multiferroicity with magnetodielectric coupling in EuTiO3, matching exactly with density functional theory calculations. Density functional theory calculations are further used to explore the underlying physics of antiferromagnetic-paraelectric to ferromagnetic-ferroelectric phase transitions, the spin-phonon coupling, and its correlation with negative pressures. The observation of magnetodielectric coupling in the EuTiO3 reveals that an enhanced spin-phonon coupling originates from a negative pressure induced by uniform three-dimensional strain. Our work provides a route to creating multiferroicity and magnetoelectric coupling in single-phase oxides using a negative pressure approach.

7.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 514, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are the current standard of care for advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring EGFR activating mutations. However, the optimal strategy for elderly NSCLC patients is still under debate. This study was designed to explore the optimal first-line regimens by comparing diverse strategies for elderly and non-elderly EGFR-mutated NSCLC patients. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to summarize all available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases, and international conferences before September 30, 2020. The primary outcome was progression free survival (PFS), and the secondary outcome was overall survival (OS). A network meta-analysis (NMA) was constructed using the Bayesian statistical model to synthesize the survival outcomes of all the treatments. RESULTS: In total, 12 RCTs were deemed eligible for inclusion with 3779 patients who have received 10 diverse treatments including EGFR-TKIs. Results from the Bayesian ranking suggested that osimertinib was most likely to rank the first in overall population and in elderly patients in PFS, with the cumulative probabilities of 42.20% and 31.46%, respectively. In non-elderly group (younger than 65 years old), standard of care (SoC, representing first-generation EGFR-TKIs in this NMA) + chemotherapy ranked the first (31.66%). As for OS, SoC + chemotherapy ranked first in all patients (64.33%), patients younger than 65 years old (61.98%), or older than 65 years old (34.45%). CONCLUSION: The regimen of osimertinib is associated with the most favorable PFS in elderly advanced EGFR-mutated NSCLC patients, while SoC + chemotherapy is the optimal strategy in PFS for non-elderly NSCLC patients harboring EGFR activating mutations, and in OS for both elderly and non-elderly EGFR-mutated advanced NSCLC patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: INPLASY protocol 2020100061 https://doi.org/10.37766/inplasy2020.20.0061 .


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Receptores ErbB , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Metanálise em Rede , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
8.
Regen Biomater ; 9: rbac023, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35529048

RESUMO

Successful wound healing depends on the reconstruction of proper tissue homeostasis, particularly in the posttraumatic inflammatory tissue microenvironment. Diabetes jeopardizes tissues' immune homeostasis in cutaneous wounds, causing persistent chronic inflammation and cytokine dysfunction. Previously, we developed an autologous regeneration factor (ARF) technology to extract the cytokine composite from autologous tissue to restore immune homeostasis and promote wound healing. However, treatment efficacy was significantly compromised in diabetic conditions. Therefore, we proposed that a combination of melatonin and ARF, which is beneficial for proper immune homeostasis reconstruction, could be an effective treatment for diabetic wounds. Our research showed that the utilization of melatonin-mediated ARF biogel (AM gel) promoted diabetic wound regeneration at a more rapid healing rate. RNA-Seq analysis showed that AM gel treatment could restore more favorable immune tissue homeostasis with unique inflammatory patterning as a result of the diminished intensity of acute and chronic inflammation. Currently, AM gel could be a novel and promising therapeutic strategy for diabetic wounds in clinical practice through favorable immune homeostatic reconstructions in the tissue microenvironment and proper posttraumatic inflammation patterning.

9.
Front Oncol ; 12: 883401, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35530306

RESUMO

Introduction: A microsimulation model provides important references for decision-making regarding colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention strategies, yet such a well-validated model is scarce in China. Methods: We comprehensively introduce the development of MIcrosimulation Model for the prevention and Intervention of Colorectal Cancer in China (MIMIC-CRC). The MIMIC-CRC was first constructed to simulate the natural history of CRC based on the adenoma-carcinoma pathway. The parameters were calibrated and validated using data from population-based cancer registry data and CRC screening programs. Furthermore, to assess the model's external validity, we compared the model-derived results to outcome patterns of a sigmoidoscopy screening trial in the UK [UK Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Screening (UKFSS) trial]. Finally, we evaluated the application potential of the MIMIC-CRC model in CRC screening by comparing the 8 different strategies. Results: We found that most of the model-predicted colorectal lesion prevalence was within the 95% CIs of observed prevalence in a large population-based CRC screening program in China. In addition, model-predicted sex- and age-specific CRC incidence and mortality were equivalent to the registry-based data. The hazard ratios of model-estimated CRC-related incidence and mortality for sigmoidoscopy screening compared to no screening were 0.60 and 0.51, respectively, which were comparable to the reported results of the UKFSS trial. Moreover, we found that all 8 strategies could reduce CRC incidence and mortality compared to no screening. Conclusions: The well-calibrated and validated MIMIC-CRC model may represent a valid tool to assess the comparative effectiveness of CRC screening strategies and will be useful for further decision-making to CRC prevention.

10.
Plant Commun ; : 100326, 2022 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35605203

RESUMO

Chia (Salvia hispanica) is a functional food crop for humans. Although its seeds contain high omega-3 fatty acids, the seed yield of chia is still low. Genomic resources available for this plant are limited. We report the first high-quality chromosome-level genome sequence of chia. The assembled genome size was 347.6 Mb and covered 98.1% of the estimated genome size. A total of 31 069 protein-coding genes were predicted. The absence of recent whole-genome duplication and the relatively low intensity of transposable element expansion in chia compared to its sister species contribute to its small genome size. Transcriptome sequencing and gene duplication analysis reveal that the expansion of the fab2 gene family is likely to be related to the high content of omega-3 in seeds. The white seed coat color is determined by a single locus on chromosome 4. This study provides novel insights into the evolution of Salvia species and high omega-3 content, as well as valuable genomic resources for genetic improvement of important commercial traits of chia and its related species.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(9)2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35563049

RESUMO

Oil palm is the most productive oil producing plant. Salt stress leads to growth damage and a decrease in yield of oil palm. However, the physiological responses of oil palm to salt stress and their underlying mechanisms are not clear. RNA-Seq was conducted on control and leaf samples from young palms challenged under three levels of salts (100, 250, and 500 mM NaCl) for 14 days. All three levels of salt stress activated EgSPCH expression and increased stomatal density of oil palm. Around 41% of differential expressed genes (DEGs) were putative EgSPCH binding target and were involved in multiple bioprocesses related to salt response. Overexpression of EgSPCH in Arabidopsis increased the stomatal production and lowered the salt tolerance. These data indicate that, in oil palm, salt activates EgSPCH to generate more stomata in response to salt stress, which differs from herbaceous plants. Our results might mirror the difference of salt-induced stomatal development between ligneous and herbaceous crops.

12.
Physiol Behav ; 252: 113827, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490778

RESUMO

Trans-urocanic acid (trans-UCA) is an isomer of cis-UCA and is widely distributed in the brain, predominantly in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. Previous studies have investigated the role of trans-UCA in non-spatial memory; however, its influence on spatial memory remains unclear. In the present study, network pharmacology strategy and behavioral testing were used to evaluate the role of trans-UCA in spatial memory and predict its possible mechanism. The results showed that there are 40 intersecting targets between trans-UCA and spatial memory identified by several databases and Venn diagram, indicating that trans-UCA may be involved in spatial memory. Behavioral results show that trans-UCA facilitates spatial working memory in the Y-maze test as well as spatial recognition memory acquisition, consolidation and retrieval in an object location recognition (OLR) task. Furthermore, PPI (protein-protein interaction) network analysis, GO (gene ontology) and KEGG (Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes) pathway enrichment analyses show that the molecular mechanisms underlying the enhancing effect of trans-UCA on spatial memory are mainly associated with the regulation of insulin, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor Kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathways, serotonergic synapse and arginine and proline metabolism. The results of this study suggest that trans-UCA facilitates spatial memory in the Y-maze test and OLR task and may offer therapeutic potential for Alzheimer's disease (AD). The underlying mechanisms predicted by network pharmacology should be further verified.

13.
Exp Neurol ; 354: 114105, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain (NP) is a frequent finding in patients diagnosed with spinal cord injuries (SCIs). To improve our understanding of the maladaptive changes taking place in the lumbar spinal cord that can lead to the development of NP and to find alternative options to treat this condition, we aimed to investigate the effects of voluntary exercise on NP after SCI and to elucidate its potential mechanisms. METHODS: A rat model of post-SCI NP induced by compression of the posterior or lateral cervical spinal cord was used to evaluate the effects of voluntary exercise by measuring the bilateral withdrawal of the hind paws using the Von Frey filament and Hargreaves tests. The place escape/avoid paradigm was used to evaluate supraspinal pain processing and somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) were used to examine disturbances in proprioception. Locomotor function was evaluated using Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) scoring. Pathologic findings in hematoxylin and eosin-stained tissue and magnetic resonance imaging were used to evaluate the morphological changes after SCI. The lesion size within the cervical spinal cord was evaluated by staining with Eriochrome cyanine R. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry were used to assess the expression of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 (Iba-1) in the lumbar dorsal horns. RESULTS: All injured rats developed mechanical hypersensitivity, hyposensitivity, and thermal hyperalgesia in the contralateral hind paws at 1 week post-injury. Rats that underwent lateral compression injury developed NP in the ipsilateral hind paws 1 week later than rats with a posterior compression injury. Our findings revealed that voluntary exercise ameliorated mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia, and significantly improved proprioception as measured by SEP, but had no impact on mechanical hypoalgesia or motor recovery and provided no significant neuroprotection after recovery from an acute SCI. SCI-induced NP was accompanied by increased expression of CGRP and Iba-1 in the lumbar dorsal horn. These responses were reduced in rats that underwent voluntary exercise. CONCLUSIONS: Voluntary exercise ameliorates NP that develops in rats after compression injury. Increased expression of CGRP and Iba-1 in the lumbar dorsal horns of rats exhibiting symptoms of NP suggests that microglial activation might play a crucial role in its development. Collectively, voluntary exercise may be a promising therapeutic modality to treat NP that develops clinically in response to SCI.

14.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 144, 2022 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366799

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on the clinical characteristics, electrocardiogram (ECG) findings and outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) due to total unprotected left main (ULM) artery occlusion is limited. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2021, 44 patients with AMI due to total ULM occlusion underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) at our institution. The ECG, collateral circulation, clinical and procedural characteristics, and in-hospital mortality were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: Twenty five patients presented with shock and 18 patients had in-hospital mortality. Nineteen patients presented with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), while 25 presented with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). ST-segment elevation (STE) in I and STEMI were associated with the absence of collateral circulation, while STE in aVR was associated with its presence. In the NSTEMI group, patients with STE in both aVR and aVL showed more collateral filling of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) territory, while patients with STE in aVR showed more collateral filling of the LAD and the left circumflex artery territory. Compared with total ULM occlusion, patients with partial ULM obstruction presented with more STE in aVR, less STE in aVR and aVL, and less STEMI. Shock, post-PCI TIMI 0-2 flow, non-STE in aVR, STEMI, and STE in I predicted in-hospital mortality. STEMI and the absence of collateral flow were significantly associated with shock. CONCLUSIONS: STE in the precordial leads predicted the absence of collateral circulation while STE in aVR and STE in both aVR and aVL predicted different collateral filling territories in ULM occlusion. STE in I, non-STE in aVR, and STEMI predicted in-hospital mortality in these patients.


Assuntos
Circulação Colateral , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Eletrocardiografia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
RSC Adv ; 12(6): 3618-3629, 2022 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35425398

RESUMO

TGR5 is emerging as an important and promising target for the treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and obesity. A series of novel 3-phenoxypyrazine-2-carboxamide derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The most potent compounds 18g and 18k exhibited excellent hTGR5 agonist activity, which was superior to those of the reference drug INT-777. In addition, compound 18k could significantly reduce blood glucose levels in C57 BL/6 mice and stimulate GLP-1 secretion in NCI-H716 cells and C57 BL/6 mice.

16.
Int J Biol Markers ; : 3936155221091832, 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune-related long non-coding RNAs (irlncRNAs) are known to hold great promise as superior biomarkers for cervical cancer-related immunotherapeutic response and the tumor immune microenvironment. Here, we constructed a prognostic signature based on irlncRNA pairs (IRLPs). METHODS: The samples were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas and the Genotype-Tissue Expression databases. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator Cox regression was performed to construct the prognostic model. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and nomogram were plotted to validate accuracy of the model. Next, we estimated the immune cell infiltration and the correlation between risk score and the expression of genes related to immune checkpoint. Finally, we calculated the score of the Tumor Immune Dysfunction and Exclusion (TIDE) algorithm and the half maximal inhibitory concentration of the chemotherapeutic agent to evaluate the response to immunotherapy and chemotherapy. RESULTS: We constructed a prognostic signature that consisted of 11 irlncRNAs. The area under the curve values of the 1-, 3-, and 5-year ROC curves were 0.844, 0.891, and 0.871, respectively. The expression of CTLA-4, HAVCR2, IDO1, LAG3, and PDCD1 were negatively correlated with risk scores. The score of TIDE in the high-risk group was significantly higher than in the low-risk group (P < 0.01). Patients in the low-risk subgroup were more sensitive to chemotherapeutic agents, such as axitinib and docetaxel, whereas patients in the low-risk subgroup were more sensitive to mitomycin C. CONCLUSION: Our study highlighted the value of the 11 IRLPs signatures to predict the prognosis and the response to immunotherapy and chemotherapeutics for patients with cervical cancer.

17.
Chem Sci ; 13(12): 3526-3532, 2022 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432869

RESUMO

The synthesis of diverse products from the same starting materials is always attractive in organic chemistry. Here, a palladium-catalyzed substrate-controlled regioselective functionalization of unactivated alkenes with trifluoroacetimidoyl chlorides has been developed, which provides a direct but controllable access to a variety of structurally diverse trifluoromethyl-containing indoles and indolines. In more detail, with respect to γ,δ-alkenes, 1,1-geminal difunctionalization of unactivated alkenes with trifluoroacetimidoyl chloride enables the [4 + 1] annulation to produce indoles; as for ß,γ-alkenes, a [3 + 2] heteroannulation with the hydrolysis product of trifluoroacetimidoyl chloride through 1,2-vicinal difunctionalization of alkenes occurs to deliver indoline products. The structure of alkene substrates differentiates the regioselectivity of the reaction.

18.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(9): 2783-2791, 2022 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35434088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ubiquilins (UBQLNs) are important factors for cell proteostasis maintenance. UBQLNs are involved in the modulation of the cell cycle, as well as in apoptosis, membrane receptors regulation, DNA repair, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and miRNA activities. They also affect the selection of double-strand break repair pathways. Abnormal UBQLNs expression can lead to many diseases, including cancer. Studies have found that the expression of Ubiquilin4 (UBQLN4) is associated with the development of several tumor types. However, the association between UBQLN4 and cervical cancer has not been examined yet. AIM: To investigate the expression of UBQLN4 in cervical cancer and to evaluate its correlation with disease prognosis. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was performed to examine the expression of UBQLN4 in 117 cervical cancer tissues and 32 matching pericervical tissues. Paired t-test (two-tailed) was used to compare the differences between groups. We collected patients' clinical characteristics, including age, histological grade, pathologic type, lymph node metastasis, and FIGO stage (2018) and compared them by chi-square test. All patients were followed for 5.5 to 6.8 years. Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to compare the differences in the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) among the different groups. RESULTS: Overexpression of UBQLN4 was observed in 70.9% (83/117) of all cervical cancer tissues and in 15.6% (5/32) of the paired parauterine tissues. The expression of UBQLN4 was associated with lymph node metastasis, poor differentiation, and advanced stage, but the difference was not significant. Kaplan-Meier and log-rank test results suggested the high expression of UBQLN4 was associated with short OS and PFS. Regardless of UBQLN4 expression, the patient age and FIGO stage were also associated with disease prognosis. The statistically significant variables obtained from univariate the Kaplan-Meier analysis were subjected to Cox multivariate survival regression analysis, which showed that, in addition to the FIGO stage and age, UBQLN4 was also an independent prognostic marker for OS and PFS (P = 0.011 and P = 0.024, respectively). CONCLUSION: The overexpression of UBQLN4 was associated with poor prognosis in cervical cancer. Our study proposed a novel prognostic factor and improved the existing understanding of the pathogenesis of cervical cancer.

19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(15): 17055-17064, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35380770

RESUMO

In recent years, aggregation-induced emission photosensitizers (AIE-PSs) for antibacterial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) have received increasing attention because of their ability to increase reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in the aggregation state. However, their antibacterial effect still has great room for improvement. Herein, we propose that if the rotation of some bonds in AIE-PSs is restricted, the nonradiative decay could be further suppressed to boost the generation of fluorescence and ROS, so as to improve their antibacterial efficacy. Following this molecular design strategy, we developed a new class of carbazole group-based AIE-PSs (CPVBA, CPVBP, CPVBP2, and CPVBP3), in which the rotation of phenyl-N bonds is restricted in the carbazole ring. Compared with diphenylamine group-based AIE-PSs with free rotation of phenyl-N bonds, carbazole group-based AIE-PSs showed stronger fluorescence, ROS generation, and antibacterial abilities, demonstrating the feasibility of this new design strategy. Notably, CPVBP3 can enter the entire cell of E. coli to exert its antibacterial effect, and there are few reports of photosensitizers with similar functions. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge, the light dose (1.2 J/cm2) we used for CPVBP2 to kill Staphylococcus aureus is much lower than that of many reported photosensitizers, indicating great prospects for AIE antimicrobial photosensitizers.


Assuntos
Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Escherichia coli , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
20.
J Biophotonics ; : e202200083, 2022 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35460593

RESUMO

The vast amount of reflectance information obtained from the hyperspectral imaging devices offers great opportunities for investigating the function and structure of human tissue. However the captured hyperspectral data often contain various noises due to the intrinsic imperfection of associated electrical and optical imaging components. This work proposed an automatic total variation algorithm to suppress the noises while preserving the details of the spectral and spatial information. The variation of spectral images at neighboring bands was calculated for regulating the total variation of hyperspectral data so that the spectral dependent noises can be treated differentially across all bands. Experimental results demonstrated that the proposed method could effectively remove the spectral noises especially near the ends of those extreme bands. The noise suppressed hyperspectral data could then be used for the visualization enhancement on pathophysiological conditions of intraoperative observed anatomies such as the vessels of brain tissues. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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