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1.
J Food Biochem ; : e13721, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33837560

RESUMO

In this work, adopting bamboo shoots as raw materials, three kinds of bamboo shoots dietary fibers were prepared by physical, chemical, and enzymatic methods, termed BSPDF, BSCDF, and BSEDF, respectively, and then investigating their adsorption characteristics for polyphenols through soaked them in different concentrations and different types of polyphenol solutions. The results of the adsorption kinetics showed that the adsorption amounts of polyphenols significantly increased during the initial 30 s of soaking, and the subsequent adsorption rate became slower and slower achieving adsorption kinetics after 2 hr. Moreover, their adsorption isotherms met well with the Langmuir model, but differences in saturated adsorption capacity and adsorption rate. More impressively, the maximum adsorption capacities Qmax of them to polyphenols followed the order of catechin > phlorizin dihydrate > chlorogenic acid > gallic acid. In addition, BSPDF, BSCDF and BSEDF all could adsorb a large amount of free catechin with the saturated adsorption capacity of 15.77, 14.69 and 16.76 mg/g, respectively and which exhibited blue and green characteristic fluorescence emission signals in the presence of catechin. Therefore, compared with the other two methods, the enzymatic hydrolysis method retains the spatial network structure of the fibrils, has a larger surface area and porosity, retains the original bound phenol of fibrils, with stronger physiological activity and more potential applications. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Polyphenols are easy to oxidize in vitro, and are easily affected by gastric acid and various enzymes in vivo, which reduce their physiological activity. However, dietary fibers can resist the destruction of various enzymes and acids in the gastrointestinal tract. It is increasingly being realized that dietary fibers play a very important role in adsorbing polyphenols into its network structure, which can achieve the purpose of protecting polyphenols. In this contest, the bamboo shoots dietary fibers prepared by different methods had different adsorption characteristics for polyphenols. The aim of current study was to compare the saturated adsorption capacity of three kinds of dietary fibers to polyphenols, and screen suitable processing technology. We believed that our findings could be to provide basis for the development of new functional foods.

2.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 22(1): 127-135, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792254

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD), especially acute myocardial infarction, are the leading cause of death, morbidity and disability across the world, affecting millions of people each year. Atherosclerosis (AS) is the major cause of CVD, and is a chronic inflammation involving different cell types and various molecular mechanisms. Ca2+ dynamics of endothelial cells (ECs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) exert a significant influence on many aspects of CVD. Transient receptor potential channel 5 (TRPC5) is a member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channels, which consists of a large number of nonselective cation channels with variable degrees of Ca2+-permeability. As a Ca2+-permeable cation channel, Human TRPC5 is expressed in a number of cell types, including ECs and muscle cells, as well as lungs and kidneys. TRPC5 is involved in renal, tumorous, neuronal and vascular diseases. In recent years, the roles of TRPC5 in CVD have been widely implicated in various disorders, such as AS, cardiac hypertrophy and blood pressure regulation. The TRPC5 mechanism of action may be associated with regulation of calcium homeostasis, oxidative stress and apoptosis. In this review, we highlight the significant roles of TRPC5 in the heart, and evaluate the potential of therapeutics targets which block TRPC5 for the treatment of CVD and related diseases.

3.
Cancer ; 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in China, however, publicly available, descriptive information on the clinical epidemiology of CRC is limited. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with primary CRC during 2005 through 2014 were sampled from 13 tertiary hospitals in 9 provinces across China. Data related to sociodemographic characteristics, the use of diagnostic technology, treatment adoption, and expenditure were extracted from individual medical records. RESULTS: In the full cohort of 8465 patients, the mean ± SD age at diagnosis was 59.3 ± 12.8 years, 57.2% were men, and 58.7% had rectal cancer. On average, 14.4% of patients were diagnosed with stage IV disease, and this proportion increased from 13.5% in 2005 to 20.5% in 2014 (P value for trend < .05). For diagnostic techniques, along with less use of x-rays (average, 81.6%; decreased from 90.0% to 65.7%), there were increases in the use of computed tomography (average, 70.4%; increased from 4.5% to 90.5%) and magnetic resonance imaging (average, 8.8%; increased from 0.1% to 20.4%) over the study period from 2005 to 2014. With regard to treatment, surgery alone was the most common (average, 50.1%), but its use decreased from 51.3% to 39.8% during 2005 through 2014; and the use of other treatments increased simultaneously, such as chemotherapy alone (average, 4.1%; increased from 4.1% to 11.9%). The average medical expenditure per patient was 66,291 Chinese Yuan (2014 value) and increased from 47,259 to 86,709 Chinese Yuan. CONCLUSIONS: The increasing proportion of late-stage diagnoses presents a challenge for CRC control in China. Changes in diagnostic and treatment options and increased expenditures are clearly illustrated in this study. Coupled with the recent introduction of screening initiatives, these data provide an understanding of changes over time and may form a benchmark for future related evaluations of CRC interventions in China.

4.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 157, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maize is one of the most important field crops in the world. Most of the key agronomic traits, including yield traits and plant architecture traits, are quantitative. Fine mapping of genes/ quantitative trait loci (QTL) influencing a key trait is essential for marker-assisted selection (MAS) in maize breeding. However, the SNP markers with high density and high polymorphism are lacking, especially kompetitive allele specific PCR (KASP) SNP markers that can be used for automatic genotyping. To date, a large volume of sequencing data has been produced by the next generation sequencing technology, which provides a good pool of SNP loci for development of SNP markers. In this study, we carried out a multi-step screening method to identify kompetitive allele specific PCR (KASP) SNP markers based on the RNA-Seq data sets of 368 maize inbred lines. RESULTS: A total of 2,948,985 SNPs were identified in the high-throughput RNA-Seq data sets with the average density of 1.4 SNP/kb. Of these, 71,311 KASP SNP markers (the average density of 34 KASP SNP/Mb) were developed based on the strict criteria: unique genomic region, bi-allelic, polymorphism information content (PIC) value ≥0.4, and conserved primer sequences, and were mapped on 16,161 genes. These 16,161 genes were annotated to 52 gene ontology (GO) terms, including most of primary and secondary metabolic pathways. Subsequently, the 50 KASP SNP markers with the PIC values ranging from 0.14 to 0.5 in 368 RNA-Seq data sets and with polymorphism between the maize inbred lines 1212 and B73 in in silico analysis were selected to experimentally validate the accuracy and polymorphism of SNPs, resulted in 46 SNPs (92.00%) showed polymorphism between the maize inbred lines 1212 and B73. Moreover, these 46 polymorphic SNPs were utilized to genotype the other 20 maize inbred lines, with all 46 SNPs showing polymorphism in the 20 maize inbred lines, and the PIC value of each SNP was 0.11 to 0.50 with an average of 0.35. The results suggested that the KASP SNP markers developed in this study were accurate and polymorphic. CONCLUSIONS: These high-density polymorphic KASP SNP markers will be a valuable resource for map-based cloning of QTL/genes and marker-assisted selection in maize. Furthermore, the method used to develop SNP markers in maize can also be applied in other species.

5.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33769556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tai chi is considered a safe and low-cost treatment for improving balance ability among an older population. However, there is no existing evidence on the optimal exercise parameters of tai chi for improving balance in older adults. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the optimal parameters of a tai chi intervention to improve balance performance of older adults. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). SETTING: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, Chinese Science and Technology Periodical and China Biology Medicine were searched from inception until November 30, 2020. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 60 years and over. MEASUREMENTS: Two reviewers independently extracted the data and assessed the quality of the included studies according to the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale. Subgroup analyses and meta-regressions were conducted to elucidate the impact of tai chi training programs on balance measures. RESULTS: Twenty-six eligible RCTs were included in the meta-analysis. Pooled results showed that tai chi has moderate effects for improving proactive balance (weighted mean standardized mean differences [SMDwm ] = 0.61, 95% CI 0.33-0.89) and static steady-state balance (SMDwm = 0.62, 95% CI 0.30-0.95) and small effects for improving dynamic steady-state balance (SMDwm = 0.38, 95% CI 0.03-0.73) and balance test batteries (SMDwm = 0.47, 95% CI 0.13-0.81) in adults over 60 years of age. The practice frequency could predict the effects of tai chi on static steady-state balance, and the 24-form simplified Yang style tai chi (45-60 min/session, more than four sessions per week and at least 8 weeks) was the most optimal. CONCLUSIONS: Tai chi is effective at improving the balance ability of adults over 60 years of age. A medium duration and high frequency of 24-form tai chi may be the optimal program for improving balance, but this evidence should be recommended with caution due to limitations of the methodology and small sample sizes.

6.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 254: 119626, 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677207

RESUMO

Curcumae Radix (Yujin) is a multi-origin herbal medicine with excellent clinical efficacy. For fast discrimination and quantification analysis of Yujin from four botanical origins (Guiyujin, Huangyujin, Lvyujin and Wenyujin), near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy combined with chemometrics tools was employed in this study. Based on NIR data, principal component analysis (PCA) could only realize the separation between Guiyujin and Wenyujin samples, and the partial least squares-discrimination analysis (PLS-DA), support vector machine (SVM) and k-nearest neighbors (KNN) models achieved the complete discrimination of the four species of Yujin with 100% accuracy. Moreover, the method for the simultaneous determination of six bioactive compounds in Yujin was developed by HPLC. Germacrone, curdione and curcumenol could be found in all samples, and curcumin, demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin were only observed in Huangyujin samples. Then, the support vector machine regression (SVMR) model for the prediction of germacrone content was successfully constructed. And the coefficients of determination were 0.88 and 0.89 for calibration and validation sets, respectively. The present work proposes a quick, economic and reliable method for the discrimination of Yujin from four botanical origins and the prediction of germacrone content, which will contribute to its quality control researches.

7.
J Psychiatr Res ; 137: 290-297, 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33735719

RESUMO

Schizophrenia (SZ) is characterized by a series of cognitive impairments, including automatic processing impairment of basic auditory information, indexed by mismatch negativity (MMN). Existing studies mainly focus on MMN induced by deviant of single acoustic features, and relatively few studies have focused on complex acoustic stimuli, especially speech-induced MMN. Many cognitive impairments in SZ are related to speech function. Thus, the present study aimed to examine the reduction of phonetic MMN in SZ as a potential biomarker and its relationship with illness course and functional outcomes. Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals were recorded from 32 SZ and 32 healthy controls (HC) in a double oddball paradigm, with /da/ as the standard stimulus and /ba/ and /du/ as the deviant stimuli. MMN was computed for vowel and consonant deviants separately. Clinical symptoms were assessed using the Positive and Negative Symptom Rating Scale (PANSS). Illness duration and illness relapse were acquired by combining clinical interviews and electronic medical records. Functional outcomes were assessed using the Global Assessment of Functioning scale (GAF). Compared with HC, SZ showed lower amplitudes of phonetic MMN, especially for vowel deviants. In addition, the MMN amplitude of the vowel deviant was significantly correlated with illness duration, illness relapse, and functional outcomes among patients with SZ. These findings indicate that the pre-attentive automatic phonetic processing of SZ was impaired for both consonants and vowels, while the vowel processing deficit may be the key speech processing deficit in SZ, which could depict the illness course and predict the functional outcomes.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(10): e25003, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725878

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The efficacy and safety of bivalirudin in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has always been a hot topic in perioperative antithrombotic therapy, but there are still some controversies. So studies are needed to provide more evidence, especially the real world study which includes patients excluded from previous RCT studys. Our study aimed to investigate these information and analyze the independent predictors of postoperative adverse events.A retrospective study enrolled 1416 patients underwent PCI in Tianjin Chest Hospital from May 2016 to October 2017. The incidence of stent-thrombosis and net clinical adverse events, including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, urgent target-vessel revascularization and bleeding, were followed up for 30 days and 1 year. Logistic regression and COX regression were respectively used to analyze independent predictors of bleeding events within 30-days, and independent predictors of Major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in patients with stent implantation within 1-year.Seven hundred six patients were treated with bivalirudin while 710 with unfractionated heparin (UFH). The proportions of diabetes, hypertension, anemia, myocardial-infarction history, PCI history, moderate-to-severe renal-impairment, gastrointestinal-bleeding history in the bivalirudin group were significantly higher (P < .05). Women, anemia were independent risk factors for bleeding within 30-days (P < .05). Among 682 patients with stent implantation in bivalirudin group, anemia, Body Mass Index (BMI) >25 kg/m2, KILLIP ≥2, ejection fraction (EF) <45%, eGFR <60 ml/minutes were independent risk factors for MACCE, while Statins, proton pump inhibitor (PPI) were independent protective factors for MACCE with-in 1-year (P < .05).Bivalirudin have good anticoagulant effect and lower bleeding risk during PCI, especially in patients with higher bleeding risk. In patients treated with bivalirudin, female, anemia were independent predictors of bleeding within 30-days, BMI >25 kg/m2, anemia, KILLIP ≥2, EF <45%, eGFR <60 ml/minutes were independent risk factors and Statins, PPI were independent protective factors of MACCE within 1-year.


Assuntos
Antitrombinas/administração & dosagem , Doença das Coronárias/cirurgia , Hirudinas/administração & dosagem , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Trombose/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antitrombinas/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hirudinas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/efeitos adversos , Assistência Perioperatória/efeitos adversos , Assistência Perioperatória/métodos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/induzido quimicamente , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Recombinantes/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Stents , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(10): e25004, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is an important factor leading to adult death and disability globally. For AIS patients who meet certain conditions, recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) intravenous thrombolysis is an important method recommended by national guidelines to achieve vascular recanalization. However, complications such as hemorrhagic transformation and vascular reocclusion after thrombolysis are still unsolved problems in clinical. Several systematic reviews of clinical randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the past have shown that Chinese herbal injections (CHIs) can improve the neurological function of patients, increase the tolerance of ischemic tissues to hypoxia, and inhibit platelet aggregation. Therefore, this study conducted a meta-analysis of AIS treatment with intravenous thrombolysis alone and compared it with the combined application of CHIs. To evaluate whether CHIs have a synergistic effect on thrombolytic therapy and provide a basis for clinical application. METHODS: The following databases will be searched until September 2020: ①English databases: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase; ②Chinese databases: CNKI, Wanfang database, Weipu database, SinoMed. RCTs will be included to compare the efficacy of thrombolysis combined with CHIs and thrombolysis alone in the treatment of AIS. Data extraction and risk of bias assessments will be carried out by 2 verifiers independently. The risk of bias will be evaluated through the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Review Manager software 5.3 will be used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: This study will provide comprehensive evidence for the treatment of AIS by CHIs combined with intravenous thrombolysis from multiple aspects. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of the meta-analysis will provide a basis for judging whether CHIs combined with intravenous thrombolysis is an effective measure for the treatment of AIS. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval is not needed because this study will be based on data that already published. We will publish the findings of this study in a peer-reviewed journal and related conferences. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020215546.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas/efeitos adversos , Infusões Intravenosas/métodos , Metanálise como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Recombinantes/efeitos adversos , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Adv Ther ; 38(4): 1904-1930, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33687650

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Splenectomy and splenic artery embolization are major treatment options for hypersplenism and portal hypertension in liver cirrhosis, but may lead to splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT), which is potentially lethal. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the incidence of SVT in liver cirrhosis after splenectomy or splenic artery embolization and the risk factors for SVT. METHODS: All relevant studies were searched through the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases. The incidence of SVT in liver cirrhosis after splenectomy or splenic artery embolization was pooled. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. RESULTS: Sixty-six studies with 5632 patients with cirrhosis were included. The pooled incidence of SVT after splenectomy and splenic artery embolization was 24.6% (95% CI 20.2-29.3%) and 11.7% (95% CI 7.1-17.3%), respectively. A meta-analysis of three comparative studies demonstrated that the incidence of SVT after splenectomy was statistically similar to that after splenic artery embolization (OR 3.15, P = 0.290). Platelet count, mean platelet volume, preoperative splenic or portal vein diameter, preoperative or postoperative portal blood velocity, splenic volume and weight, and periesophagogastric devascularization were significant risk factors for SVT after splenectomy. Postoperative use of preventive antithrombotic therapy was a significant protective factor against SVT after splenectomy. CONCLUSIONS: SVT is common in liver cirrhosis after splenectomy and splenic artery embolization. Coagulation and hemostasis factors, anatomical factors, and surgery-related factors have been widely identified for the assessment of high risk of SVT after splenectomy. Prophylactic strategy after splenectomy, such as antithrombotic therapy, might be considered in such high-risk patients. STUDY REGISTRATION: This study was registered in PROSPERO with a registration number of CRD42019129673.

11.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 202: 111714, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765627

RESUMO

In this study, mesoporous polyacrylonitrile (PAN)/thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) blended nanofibers were prepared to immobilize Micrococcus luteus for enhancing the conversion of trehalose. The images of SEM showed the cells were adsorbed on the surface and pores due to the unique pore structure. The results of contact angle, Zeta potential and water holding ratio exhibited the good hydrophilicity and stability of PAN/TPU-P2. Besides, it was indicated that the biomass and immobilization efficiency were increased to 0.633 g/L and 0.153 g/g, respectively. It was the most noteworthy that the trehalose yield could reach 23.46 g/L, which was 71.62 % higher than that of the control in the multi-batch fermentation. Moreover, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level was decreased to 12.8 % while the enzyme concentration was increased to 11.176 mg/mL. Meanwhile, it was also found that PAN/TPU-P2 immobilization substantially increased the expression of target gene MtreY by 3.500 times. In other words, the mechanism by which immobilized cells increased trehalose yield was that PAN/TPU-P regulated gene expression of MtreY. Therefore, this research provided theoretical foundation for the metabolic regulation of sufficient trehalose production by immobilized cells.

12.
J Clin Gastroenterol ; 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical inlet patch (CIP), also called gastric inlet patch, is a heterotopic columnar mucosal island located in the cervical esophagus, which has been under-recognized by clinicians. AIM: We conducted a systemic review and meta-analysis to explore the prevalence and clinical and endoscopic characteristics of CIP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studies were searched through the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases. The prevalence of CIP with 95% confidence interval (CI) was pooled by using a random-effect model. The association of CIP with demographics, clinical presentations, and endoscopic features was evaluated by odds ratios (ORs). RESULTS: Fifty-three studies including 932,777 patients were eligible. The pooled prevalence of CIP was 3.32% (95% CI=2.86%-3.82%). According to the endoscopic mode, the pooled prevalence of CIP was higher in studies using narrow-band imaging than in those using white light and esophageal capsule endoscopy (9.34% vs. 2.88% and 0.65%). The pooled prevalence of CIP was higher in studies where the endoscopists paid specific attention to the detection of this lesion (5.30% vs. 0.75%). CIP was significantly associated with male (OR=1.24, 95% CI=1.09-1.42, P=0.001), gastroesophageal reflux disease (OR=1.32, 95% CI=1.04-1.68, P=0.03), reflux symptoms (OR=1.44, 95% CI=1.14-1.83, P=0.002), dysphagia (OR=1.88, 95% CI=1.28-2.77, P=0.001), throat discomfort (OR=4.58, 95% CI=1.00-21.02, P=0.05), globus (OR=2.95, 95% CI=1.52-5.73, P=0.001), hoarseness (OR=4.32, 95% CI=1.91-9.78, P=0.0004), cough (OR=3.48, 95% CI=1.13-10.72, P=0.03), Barrett's esophagus (OR=2.01, 95% CI=1.37-2.94, P=0.0003), and esophagitis (OR=1.62, 95% CI=1.27-2.07, P=0.0001). CONCLUSION: CIP appears to be common by using narrow-band imaging, especially if the endoscopists would like to pay attention to the detection of this lesion. CIP is clearly associated with acid-related symptoms and Barrett's esophagus.

13.
Sci Adv ; 7(10)2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674310

RESUMO

Recent discovery of superconductivity in Nd0.8Sr0.2NiO2 motivates the synthesis of other nickelates for providing insights into the origin of high-temperature superconductivity. However, the synthesis of stoichiometric R 1-x Sr x NiO3 thin films over a range of x has proven challenging. Moreover, little is known about the structures and properties of the end member SrNiO3 Here, we show that spontaneous phase segregation occurs while depositing SrNiO3 thin films on perovskite oxide substrates by molecular beam epitaxy. Two coexisting oxygen-deficient Ruddlesden-Popper phases, Sr2NiO3 and SrNi2O3, are formed to balance the stoichiometry and stabilize the energetically preferred Ni2+ cation. Our study sheds light on an unusual oxide thin-film nucleation process driven by the instability in perovskite structured SrNiO3 and the tendency of transition metal cations to form their most stable valence (i.e., Ni2+ in this case). The resulting metastable reduced Ruddlesden-Popper structures offer a testbed for further studying emerging phenomena in nickel-based oxides.

14.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 21(1): 47, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: NKX6.1 is a transcription factor for insulin, as well as a marker for ß cell maturity. Abnormal NKX6.1 expression in ß cells, such as translocation from the nucleus to cytoplasm or lost expression, has been shown as a marker for ß cell dedifferentiation. METHODS: We obtained pancreatic sections from organ donors and immunofluorescence staining with NKX6.1 and insulin was performed to characterize NKX6.1 expression in subjects with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). RESULTS: Our results showed that cells with insulin expression but no nucleic NKX6.1 expression (NKX6.1Nuc-Ins+), and cells with cytoplasmic NKX6.1 expression but no insulin expression (NKX6.1cytIns-) were significantly increased in T2DM subjects and positively correlated with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), indicating the elevated ß cell dedifferentiation with NKX6.1 inactivation in T2DM. To investigate whether ß cell dedifferentiation has initiated in subjects with higher risks for T2DM, we next analyzed the association between ß-cell dedifferentiation level in ND subjects with different ages, body mass index, and HbA1c. The results showed the absolute number and percentage of dedifferentiated ß cells with NKX6.1 inactivation did not significantly change in subjects with advanced aging, obesity, or modest hyperglycemia, indicating that the ß cell dedifferentiation might mainly occur after T2DM was diagnosed. CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that NKX6.1 expression in ß cells was changed in type 2 diabetic subjects, evidenced by significantly increased NKX6.1Nuc-Ins+ and NKX6.1cytIns- cells. This abnormality did not occur more frequently in subjects with a higher risk for T2DM, suggesting that ß cell dedifferentiation might be secondary to the pathological changes in T2DM.

15.
Biol Reprod ; 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709118

RESUMO

Zona pellucida (ZP), which is composed of at most four extracellular glycoproteins (ZP1, ZP2, ZP3, and ZP4) in mammals, shelters the oocytes and is vital in female fertility. Several studies have identified the indispensable roles of ZP1-3 in maintaining normal female fertility. However, the understanding of ZP4 is still very poor because only one study on ZP4-associated infertility performed in rabbits has been reported up to date. Here we investigated the function of mammalian Zp4 by creating a knockout (KO) rat strain (Zp4-/- rat) using CRISPR-Cas9 mediated DNA-editing method. The influence of Zp4 KO on ZP morphology and some pivotal processes of reproduction, including oogenesis, ovulation, fertilization and pup production, was studied using periodic acid-Schiff's staining, superovulation, in vitro fertilization, and natural mating. The ZP morphology in Zp4-/- rats was normal and none of these pivotal processes was affected. This study renewed the knowledge of mammalian Zp4 by suggesting that Zp4 was completely dispensable for female fertility.

16.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0248349, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711048

RESUMO

In recent years, high utility itemsets (HUIs) mining has been an active research topic in data mining. In this study, we propose two efficient pattern-growth based HUI mining algorithms, called High Utility Itemset based on Length and Tail-Node tree (HUIL-TN) and High Utility Itemset based on Tail-Node tree (HUI-TN). These two algorithms avoid the time-consuming candidate generation stage and the need of scanning the original dataset multiple times for exact utility values. A novel tree structure, named tail-node tree (TN-tree) is proposed as a key element of our algorithms to maintain complete utililty-information of existing itemsets of a dataset. The performance of HUIL-TN and HUI-TN was evaluated against state-of-the-art reference methods on various datasets. Experimental results showed that our algorithms exceed or close to the best performance on all datasets in terms of running time, while other algorithms can only excel in certain types of dataset. Scalability tests were also performed and our algorithms obtained the flattest curves among all competitors.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723989

RESUMO

The implementation of two-dimensional materials into memristor architectures has recently been a new research focus by taking advantage of their atomic thickness, unique lattice, and physical and electronic properties. Among the van der Waals family, Bi2O2Se is an emerging ternary two-dimensional layered material with ambient stability, suitable band structure, and high conductivity that exhibits high potential for use in electronic applications. In this work, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a Bi2O2Se-based memristor-aided logic. By carefully tuning the electric field polarity of Bi2O2Se through a Pd contact, a reconfigurable NAND gate with zero static power consumption is realized. To provide more knowledge on NAND operation, a kinetic Monte Carlo simulation is carried out. Because the NAND gate is a universal logic gate, cascading additional NAND gates can exhibit versatile logic functions. Therefore, the proposed Bi2O2Se-based MAGIC can be a promising building block for developing next-generation in-memory logic computers with multiple functions.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729954

RESUMO

Person reidentification (Re-ID) aims at matching images of the same identity captured from the disjoint camera views, which remains a very challenging problem due to the large cross-view appearance variations. In practice, the mainstream methods usually learn a discriminative feature representation using a deep neural network, which needs a large number of labeled samples in the training process. In this article, we design a simple yet effective multinetwork collaborative feature learning (MCFL) framework to alleviate the data annotation requirement for person Re-ID, which can confidently estimate the pseudolabels of unlabeled sample pairs and consistently learn the discriminative features of input images. To keep the precision of pseudolabels, we further build a novel self-paced collaborative regularizer to extensively exchange the weight information of unlabeled sample pairs between different networks. Once the pseudolabels are correctly estimated, we take the corresponding sample pairs into the training process, which is beneficial to learn more discriminative features for person Re-ID. Extensive experimental results on the Market1501, DukeMTMC, and CUHK03 data sets have shown that our method outperforms most of the state-of-the-art approaches.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Portal venous system thrombosis (PVST) will progress in some cases, indicating worse outcome and the necessity of antithrombotic treatment, but will spontaneously improve in others. It is crucial to understand the natural history of PVST in liver cirrhosis. However, the knowledge regarding how to predict the evolution of PVST in cirrhotic patients is very scant. METHODS: Sixty-nine cirrhotic patients without malignancy, who had undergone repeated contrast-enhanced computed tomography or MRI to evaluate the severity of PVST at the first and last admissions, were included. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the risk factors for the evolution of PVST in liver cirrhosis. Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated. RESULTS: Among 42 patients without PVST at the first admission, 10 (23.8%) developed PVST at the last admission. Serum albumin level (OR = 0.873), prothrombin time (OR = 1.619), activated partial thromboplastin time (OR = 1.169), Child-Pugh score (OR = 1.560) and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score (OR = 1.292) at the last admission were significant risk factors associated with the development of PVST. Among 27 patients with PVST at the first admission, 11 (40.7%), 4 (14.8%) and 12 (44.4%) had improvement, stabilization and progression of PVST at the last admission, respectively. ΔMELD score (OR = 0.714) was the only significant risk factor associated with the improvement of PVST; additionally, serum albumin level at the first admission (OR = 1.236) was the only significant risk factor associated with the progression of PVST. CONCLUSION: Aggravation and amelioration of liver dysfunction may predict the development and improvement of PVST in liver cirrhosis, respectively.

20.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 21(1): 43, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673843

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is reportedly associated with an increased risk of adverse events in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The prognostic significance of SCH in the elderly was poorly defined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between SCH and long-term outcomes in older patients undergoing PCI. METHODS: Three thousand one hundred sixty-eight patients aged 65 years or older who underwent PCI from January 2012 to October 2014 were included. Patients were divided into SCH group (n = 320) and euthyroidism (ET) group (n = 2848) based on thyroid function test. Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were used to estimate the relative risks (RRs) of all-cause death and cardiac death for patients with SCH during a 4-year follow-up period. RESULTS: There were 227 deaths during the follow-up period including 124 deaths caused by cardiac events. There was no significant difference in mortality rate between the SCH group and the ET group (p > 0.05). After adjustment for covariates, compared with patients with ET, the RRs of death from all-cause and cardiac in patients with SCH were 1.261 (95%CI: 0.802-1.982, p = 0.315) and 1.231 (95%CI: 0.650-2.334, p = 0.524), respectively. When SCH was stratified by age, gender, and degree of thyroid-stimulating hormone elevation, no significant associations were also found in any stratum. CONCLUSION: Our investigation revealed that SCH was negatively associated with the outcome of PCI in older patients.

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