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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 301: 115784, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206870

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Taohong Siwu Decoction (THSWD) is a traditional Chinese medicine formula used to invigorate blood circulation and resolve blood stasis. It consists of Paeonia lactiflora Pall., Conioselinum anthriscoides (H.Boissieu) Pimenov & Kljuykov, Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) DC., Prunus persica (L.) Batsch, Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels, and Carthamus creticus L. in the ratio of 3:2:4:3:3:2. THSWD is a common prescription for the treatment of ischemic stroke. AIM OF THE STUDY: To study the protective effect and mechanism of Taohong Siwu Decoction (THSWD) on PC12 cells damaged by oxygen glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R). MATERIALS AND METHODS: OGD/R model of PC12 cells was used to simulate ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury of nerve cells in vitro. The experiment was grouped as follows: control, OGD/R and OGD/R + THSWD (5%, 10% and 15%) group. Oxygen and glucose was restored for 24 h after 4-6 h of deprivation. The severity of damage to PC12 cells was evaluated by CCK8, flow cytometry and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Mitochondrial morphology and function were examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), ATP and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) assay kits. Cellular autophagy and NLRP3 inflammasome-associated proteins were detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: THSWD treatment improved the survival rate of PC12 cells injured by OGD/R, reduced cell damage and apoptosis. Moreover, ATP, MMP and the expression of autophagy marker proteins (LC3-II/LC3-I, Beclin1, Atg5) and mitophagy marker proteins (Parkin and PINK-1) was significantly elevated. The reactive oxygen species (ROS), NLRP3 inflammasome and pro-inflammatory cytokines induced by OGD/R were distinctly reduced. In contrast, these above beneficial effects of THSWD on mitochondrial autophagy and NLRP3 inflammasome were reversed by mitochondrial division inhibitory factor 1 (Mdivi-1). CONCLUSION: THSWD protects PC12 cells against OGD/R injury by heightening mitophagy and suppressing the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome.


Assuntos
Inflamassomos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Ratos , Animais , Células PC12 , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Mitofagia , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Apoptose , Reperfusão , Trifosfato de Adenosina
2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 631(Pt A): 122-132, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370495

RESUMO

The reduction of CO2 achieved by photocatalysis can simultaneously alleviate the energy crisis and solve environmental issues. Nevertheless, it remains challenging for the rational design of photocatalysts with high-efficiency carrier migration ability. Herein, the Z-scheme g-C3N4/In2O3 (CN/INO) heterostructure was fabricated via metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) assisted thermal deposition which could form a fully encapsulated hollow tubular structure. The unique structure was based on the MOFs-derived hollow hexagonal In2O3 tubular integrated with ultrathin g-C3N4. The Z-scheme CN/INO heterojunction exhibited a larger specific surface area and excellent charge separation efficiency. Benefiting from the above features, the Z-scheme CN/INO heterojunction demonstrated superior performance on photocatalytic CO2 reduction. The formation of CO and CH3OH over the optimized CN/INO-2 catalyst was 7.94 and 1.44 µmol⋅g-1⋅h-1, respectively. Moreover, the density functional theory (DFT) calculations and Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) was carried out to further investigate the situation of charge transfer on the interface of CN/INO. The in-situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was measured to confirm the immediate products and the possible mechanism of photocatalytic CO2 reduction was proposed. This work provided a MOFs-assisted strategy to construct a Z-scheme system for photocatalytic CO2 reduction.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 2): 159108, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36191707

RESUMO

The development of sensitive and long-term signal-stable plasmonic substrates is vital to the in-field application of the surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) technique. The colloidal gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) system is commonly used in SERS detection, but it shows less signal stability and reproducibility due to the uncontrollable aggregation of nanoparticles by adding aggregating agents in SERS detection. In this study, we developed a new SERS detection platform based on polyacrylamide hydrogel-enclosed plasmonic gold nanoparticle aggregates (PAH-AuANs). In the system, the formation of PAH can rapidly stabilize the gold nanoparticle aggregates, avoiding the over-aggregation or precipitation of AuNPs. With the PAH concentration in the range of 6-10 % and AuNPs at the concentration of 0.2 nM, the resulting PAH-AuNAs platform exhibited both sensitive SERS activity and excellent SERS signal stability. The relative standard deviation of the 4-MBA probe SERS signal collected from the PAH-AuNAs platform was lower than 3 %. The limit of detection for the pesticide thiram was down to 0.38 µg/L with a handheld Raman spectrometer. Moreover, the procedure for preparing the PAH-AuNAs platform was easy to handle, offering a new strategy for in-field detection of environmental contaminants with a handheld Raman spectrometer in the future.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Tiram , Ouro , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 2): 159551, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36265614

RESUMO

The application of the 3T method during combustion (i.e., a Temperature > 850 °C, a residence Time > 2 s, and sufficient Turbulence) can lead to elevated operating temperature in the baghouse filter for the municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) systems without sufficient heat exchange capacity, which is potentially detrimental to the emission control of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). Herein, a field study focusing on the distribution and variation of PCDD/Fs in gaseous and solid phases in a baghouse filter with high operating temperature (225-230 °C) was carried out. The concentration of PCDD/Fs in gases at the outlet of the baghouse filter was around 1 order of magnitude higher than that in inlet gases (i.e., noticeable memory effect of PCDD/Fs), because of the significant PCDD/Fs formation in filter fly ash (primarily contributed by the precursor pathway) followed by PCDD/Fs desorption. In addition, the mechanisms and factors resulting in the memory effect of PCDD/Fs were identified based on a laboratory study that carefully investigated the formation and desorption of PCDD/Fs at potential operating temperatures of baghouse filters (i.e., 180, 200, and 225 °C). The temperature was identified as the key factor inducing the memory effect of PCDD/Fs, because: i) PCDD/Fs memory effect was not observed for baghouse filters with low operating temperatures of ~150 °C in previous studies; ii) both the formation and desorption of PCDD/Fs were noticeably favored by rising temperature from 180 to 225 °C; iii) increasing temperature appeared to facilitate the transformation from inorganic Cl to organic Cl and the conversion from aliphatic carbon to aromatic carbon or unsaturated hydrocarbons, both of which were favorable to PCDD/Fs formation; and iv) the release rate of PCDD/Fs from fly ash was exponentially dependent on temperature based on the modeling results of reaction kinetics.


Assuntos
Benzofuranos , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/análise , Cinza de Carvão , Dibenzofuranos , Temperatura , Temperatura Alta , Incineração , Gases , Carbono , Dibenzofuranos Policlorados
5.
Chemosphere ; 310: 136863, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36244419

RESUMO

The non-point source pollution of difenoconazole (DIF) has become a serious environmental issue, increasingly causes indelible damages to eco-environment and human health due to its toxicity, persistence, and biomagnification. An eco-friendly, cost-effective, and efficient control technology is imperative towards a cleaner and sustainable agricultural production. Herein, a dominant microflora of efficiently degrading DIF was successfully screened, and its microbial diversity was investigated. Two novel degrading strains were isolated and identified as Phyllobacterium sp. (T-1) and Aeromonas sp. (T-2). The results of growth factor optimization indicated that the degradation rates of DIF (C0 = 20 mg/L) by strain T-1 and T-2 were up to 96.32% and 97.86% within 14 d, respectively, under the optimal conditions. Moreover, there no obvious synergy between strain T-1 and strain T-2. From catalytic kinetics of enzymes, the intracellular enzyme of strain T-1 dominated the degradation of DIF (C0 = 20 mg/L) entirely with the degradation rate of 82.4% (48 h), the extracellular enzyme showed little catalytic activity. However, the degrade rates of DIF (C0 = 20 mg/L) by both intracellular and extracellular enzymes of strain T-2 were 77.99% and 26.73% within 48 h, respectively. Moreover, these enzymes remained an undiminished catalytic activity within 48 h. DIF was degraded by strain T-1 to three main transformation products (DIF-TPs 406, DIF-TPs 216, and DIF-TPs 198) undergoing hydroxyl substitution, hydrolysis, cleavage of ether bond between benzene rings, and rearrangement, while two additional products (DIF-TPs 281 and DIF-TPs 237) were generated with the biodegradation of strain T-2, excepting for DIF-TPs 406 and DIF-TPs 216, involving hydrolysis, hydroxylation, and ether bond cleavage between benzene rings. Moreover, QSAR simulation showed that the by-products were almost much lower toxicity or even non-toxic to three typical aquatic organisms (fish, daphnia, and green algae) than DIF. This study not only provides an in depth understanding of DIF bioelimination, but also be instrumental in cleaner management of DIF-contaminated soil. This study can promote the sustainable development of agriculture.


Assuntos
Benzeno , Microbiota , Biodegradação Ambiental , Éteres
6.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt A): 130204, 2023 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308934

RESUMO

In this study, a novel iron-encapsulated biochar (Fe@BC) was prepared using the biomass cultivated with an iron-containing solution. The iron in Fe@BC showed the phase change from Fe3O4 to α-Fe, and to CFe15.1, with the increase of pyrolysis temperature (500-900 °C), and a graphene shell formed on the surface of Fe@BC. In addition, the signals assigned to the π-π* shake up, pyridinic N, graphitic N, and defects of Fe@BC were found to be stronger as the pyrolysis temperature increased. The F4@B9 sample, which was prepared at 900 °C, exhibited an excellent performance (98.01 %) to activate peroxydisulfate (PDS) for the degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol. Electron paramagnetic resonanceand chemical quenching experiments revealed that reactive oxygen radicals (ROS) including sulfate radical (•SO4-), hydroxyl radical (•OH), superoxide radical (•O2-), and singlet oxygen (1O2) existed in the F4@B9/PDS system. Furthermore, the micro-electrolysis process facilitated the generation of •O2- (12.35 %) and 1O2 (6.49 %) compared with the pure PDS system. Density functional theory revealed that, for the F4@B9-activated PDS process, the graphene shell of F4@B9 served as catalytic active sites as well. According to the correlation analysis, the iron specie of CFe15.1 was more favorable for the generation of ROS than α-Fe. Also, π-π* shake up, pyridinic N, graphitic N, and defects participated in the PDS activation. This study provides a new method for the preparation of high-performance catalysts from naturally grown biomass with high iron contents.


Assuntos
Grafite , Ferro , Ferro/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Elétrons , Biônica , Carvão Vegetal/química
7.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 125: 524-532, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375935

RESUMO

The study of atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in northeastern Tibetan Plateau with fragile ecological environment and complex atmospheric circulation system is blank. To understand the characteristics and sources of persistent organic pollutants in the atmosphere of the northeastern Tibetan Plateau, we monitored levels in the central Qilian Mountain. From 2016 to 2017, we collected 45-pair (particle + gas) samples using active air samplers to investigate the sources, transport paths, and their influencing factors. Sources of PAHs were analysed with a source diagnostic model, and atmospheric transport paths were calculated. The concentration range for ∑15PAHs was 439-4666 pg/m3, and the average was 2015 pg/m3. The PAHs in central Qilian Mountain are mainly low molecular weight (LMW) PAHs. Winter concentrations of PAHs were higher than those in summer. The transport of PAHs is mainly affected by westerlies, and there are seasonal differences. Source analysis showed that PAHs mainly came from coal and biomass combustion and vehicle emissions, with seasonal differences. This study clarifies the concentration and seasonal variation of PAHs in the northern Tibetan Plateau, which is conducive to understanding the atmospheric transport process and fate of pollutants. The background site of Qilian Mountains located in the Silk Road economic belt has the value and significance of long-term observation of pollutants.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluentes Ambientais , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Estações do Ano , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Tibet , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , China , Material Particulado/análise
8.
Gene ; 851: 147029, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36356905

RESUMO

The DNA polymerase delta (Pol δ), a heterotetramer of four subunits (Pol δ4), plays a pivotal role in DNA replication, as well as in DNA damage repair. Pold4, as the smallest subunit of Pol δ, is degraded in response to DNA damage or when entering into S-phase. This leads to the conversion of Pol δ4 to the trimeric complex Pol δ3. However, the contribution of Pold4 has not been fully elucidated in mammals. Cdm1, the Pold4 ortholog in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, is dispensable for cell growth and DNA damage repair, and there are no Pold4 orthologs in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We previously generated a knockout mouse model of Pold3 and revealed its essential role in genome stability. Unexpectedly, we here found that Pold4 knockout mice are viable and fertile. In addition, Pold4 knockout mice do not exhibit any pathologic changes in the lung and spleen, tissues with the most abundant expression of Pold4. Moreover, Pold4 knockout mouse tail tip fibroblasts (TTF) exhibited normal cell growth, cell cycle, DNA replication, DNA damage and DNA repair capacity. These results suggested that Pol δ3 but not Pol δ4 may be responsible for these processes in normal cells. Interestingly, 19-month-old wild-type (WT) mice had tumors in the liver, while Pold4 knockout mice did not, and Pold4 knockout mice showed increased longevity. In further, this provided evidence suggested that Pold4 could be a potential novel target for lung carcinoma because its depletion does not affect normal cells but does affect cancer cells.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Schizosaccharomyces pombe , Schizosaccharomyces , Camundongos , Animais , Replicação do DNA/genética , Reparo do DNA/genética , DNA Polimerase III/genética , Dano ao DNA , Ciclo Celular , Camundongos Knockout , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Mamíferos
9.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt A): 134530, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36223669

RESUMO

Repeated freezing and thawing due to temperature fluctuations irreversibly damage the muscle tissue cells of fish, thereby reducing their economic quality. In this study, the effects of ultrasound-assisted immersed freezing (UIF) technology on the changes in the quality of large yellow croaker (Pseudosciaena crocea) subjected to 0 to 5 freeze-thaw cycles were investigated. The results showed that the quality deterioration inevitably occurred after repeated freeze-thaw cycles. However, UIF significantly delayed the changes in the water holding capacity (WHC), immobilized water content, color and texture properties of fish. Compared to the control group (air freezing, AF), the thawing loss in the UIF group was reduced by 1.09 % to 4.54 % (P < 0.05), the centrifuging loss was reduced by 0.39 % to 1.86 % (P < 0.05), the migration of immobilized water content was reduced by 4 % to 5 % (P < 0.05). Moreover, SEM and LM images illustrated that the microstructures of muscle tissue in UIF group were more uniform and denser than that of the AF group after freeze-thaw cycles, and that the ice crystal size from UIF group were smaller and more regular than that of AF group. Furthermore, UIF did not caused more excessive protein oxidation of myofibrillary protein, but significantly delayed the lipid oxidation of fish muscle. The results indicated that UIF technology effectively inhibits the deterioration of fish quality affected by multiple freeze-thaw cycles, thus providing a reference for controlling the deterioration of aquatic products due to temperature fluctuations in the industry.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Animais , Congelamento , Água/química , Músculos , Proteínas
10.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 1): 159373, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36240936

RESUMO

Evasion of greenhouse gases (GHG) from fluvial systems is now recognized as a significant component of the global carbon cycle. However, the magnitudes of GHG fluxes remain uncertain due to limited research data, especially on the Tibetan Plateau. In this study Methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2), and nitrous oxide (N2O) concentrations were measured and their diffusive fluxes were estimated by headspace-gas chromatography in two rivers basins (Buha and Shaliu rivers) on the Northeast Tibetan Plateau during three seasons from October 2020 to August 2021. The results showed that the focal rivers on the Tibetan Plateau are potentially important sources of GHG. Both rivers have higher GHG concentrations and diffusion flux during the snowmelt period than other seasons. In general, GHG diffusion fluxes in the Buha river were higher than those in the Shaliu river and their concentrations are higher in the upstream region than in the downstream region of both basins. The salinity in water and wind spread were found to be important factors influencing in GHGs diffusion fluxes. While diffusive fluxes of GHG in rivers were a small component of watershed-scale fluvial Carbon gas efflux compared to other studies, these fluxes will likely increase as thaw slump occurrence. Overall, this study highlights that better recognition of the influence that river networks have on global warming is required-especially when it comes to high-elevation rivers across permafrost, as permafrost will continue to thaw as climate warming.


Assuntos
Gases de Efeito Estufa , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Lagos/análise , Tibet , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Metano/análise
11.
Gene ; 851: 146965, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36261090

RESUMO

As a classical molecular marker, microsatellite (simple sequence repeat, SSR) has been widely used in the study of genetics and evolution of mammals. However, there are widespread problems about lack of comparative analysis and low quality of genomic data. Based on high-quality chromosome-level genomes, we compared the SSR distribution patterns of 81 mammals species belonging to 13 orders in evolution landscape. In this study, the number of SSRs decreased with the increase of repetition times, and the terminal of exon/intron were enrichment areas of SSRs. We also found that the proportion and dominant repeat units of each type of P-SSR varied among mammalian branches, which could become the evolutionary dynamics for them to adapt to diverse environmental pressures. In particular, the phylogenetic PCA results demonstrated the particularity of some mammals (Tachyglossus aculeatus and Ornithorhynchus anatinus) in evolutionary status, which was consistent with morphological cognition. Meanwhile, there were significant differences in the GC content of each category of P-SSR across mammalian taxa. Besides, the CVs (coefficient of variations) of the RCNs of trinucleotide and hexanucleotide P-SSRs were at a low level in the exon regions, while the dinucleotide or tetranucleotide P-SSRs were at a high level. Furthermore, the results of functional annotation showed that signal transduction played a pivotal role in mammalian biological activities. In conclusion, our research will help to improve the characteristic information of mammalian SSRs and explore their evolutionary background.


Assuntos
Genoma , Repetições de Microssatélites , Animais , Filogenia , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , Genoma/genética , Mamíferos/genética , Cromossomos , Genoma de Planta
12.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 301: 115763, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183949

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Acute lung injury (ALI) is one of the fatal complications of respiratory virus infections such as influenza virus and coronavirus, which has high clinical morbidity and mortality. Jinhua Qinggan granules (JHQG) has been approved by China Food and Drug Administration in the treatment of H1N1 influenza and mild or moderate novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is an herbal formula developed based on Maxingshigan decoction and Yinqiao powder that have been used to respiratory diseases in China for thousands of years. However, the underlying mechanism of JHQG in treating infectious diseases remains unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study investigated the effects of JHQG on neutrophil apoptosis and key signaling pathways in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) -induced ALI mice in order to explore its mechanism of anti-inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of JHQG on survival rate was observed in septic mouse model by intraperitoneal injection of LPS (20 mg/kg). To better pharmacological evaluation, the mice received an intratracheal injection of 5 mg/kg LPS. Lung histopathological changes, wet-to-dry ratio of the lungs, and MPO activity in the lungs and total protein concentration, total cells number, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and MIP-2 levels in BALF were assessed. Neutrophil apoptosis rate was detected by Ly6G-APC/Annexin V-FITC staining. Key proteins associated with apoptosis including caspase 3/7 activity, Bcl-xL and Mcl-1 were measured by flow cytometry and confocal microscope, respectively. TLR4 receptor and its downstream signaling were analyzed by Western blot assay and immunofluorescence, respectively. RESULTS: JHQG treatment at either 6 or 12 g/kg/day resulted in 20% increase of survival in 20 mg/kg LPS-induced mice. In the model of 5 mg/kg LPS-induced mice, JHQG obviously decreased the total protein concentration in BALF, wet-to-dry ratio of the lungs, and lung histological damage. It also attenuated the MPO activity and the proportion of Ly6G staining positive neutrophils in the lungs, as well as the MIP-2 levels in BALF were reduced. JHQG inhibited the expression of Mcl-1 and Bcl-xL and enhanced caspase-3/7 activity, indicating that JHQG partially acted in promoting neutrophil apoptosis via intrinsic mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. The levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 were significantly declined in LPS-induced mice treated with JHQG. Furthermore, JHQG reduced the protein expression of TLR4, MyD88, p-p65 and the proportion of nuclei p65, suggesting that JHQG treatment inhibited TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB pathway. CONCLUSION: JHQG reduced pulmonary inflammation and protected mice from LPS-induced ALI by promoting neutrophil apoptosis and inhibition of TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB pathway, suggesting that JHQG may be a promising drug for treatment of ALI.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , COVID-19 , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Camundongos , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Neutrófilos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/uso terapêutico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Apoptose
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 3): 159596, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36280073

RESUMO

An oxalate-doped hydroxyapatite (O-HAP) was hydrothermally synthesized for aqueous lead (Pb) removal based on the solubility-limiting ability of oxalate and phosphate over pH range 4-9. Free Pb2+ activities in oxalate and/or phosphate systems were controlled by oxalate to form soluble ion pairs Pb-Ox (aq) and Pb-Ox22- at pH 4-7 while in preference to persist as PbHPO4 (aq) when pH ≥ 8. Both phosphate and oxalate exhibited excellent efficiency in reducing Pb solubility, causing over 99 % of Pb precipitated from solution following oxalate < oxalate-phosphate < phosphate. The Visual MINTEQ model overestimated dissolved Pb and free Pb2+ in nearly all of the reaction systems due to the ill-defined stability constants and solubility products for Pb ion-pair formation. The addition of phosphate acting as a buffer in Pb-oxalate systems tended to lessen the spontaneous pH shifts within 24 h to equilibrate proton release from Pb precipitation and hydrolysis, indicating lower solubility products and faster kinetics of Pb-phosphate mineral formation. The TEM-EDS, FTIR and XRD identified a block-shaped Pb-oxalate mineral phase as the only precipitate at acidic pH while substituted by phosphate to form rod-shaped Pb5(PO4)3OH and Pb3(PO4)2 precipitates as pH increased. The optimum hydrothermal conditions of O-HAP were 433 K, pH 9 and P/Ox doping ratio of 0.5 for 24 h. Batch experiments revealed the endothermic process of O-HAP toward Pb with the maximum adsorption capacity reaching 2333 mg/g at a pH of 7, reaction time of 12 h, initial Pb concentration of 600 mg/L and temperature of 308 K, which were best fitted with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir isotherm. The synergetic mechanisms of O-HAP for Pb removal involved dissolution-precipitation, adsorption and ion exchange. This study provides an insight in developing effective remediation strategies for heavy metal contamination by interacting between low-molecular-weight organic acids and secondary mineral phases.


Assuntos
Durapatita , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Chumbo , Oxalatos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Compostos Orgânicos , Adsorção , Cinética
14.
Food Chem ; 400: 133990, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063678

RESUMO

This study evaluated the efficacy of Monascus purpureus fermentation on Saccharina japonica (SJ). Healthy substances and antioxidant activity of fermented SJ (FSJ) were determined. Results showed that fermentation caused the release of phenolic compounds and flavonoids, which resulted in the enhancement of antioxidant activity. Essential amino acids and γ-aminobutyric acid also greatly accumulated in FSJ. Sensory evaluation and gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS) were used to evaluate flavor properties of FSJ. A lexicon consisted of 24 descriptors was established for SJ and FSJ, of which 14 descriptors were regarded as odor attributes. A total of 46 volatile compounds were identified by GC-IMS and showed positive correlation with odor attributes. Fifteen volatile compounds were screened as key compounds, tricarboxylic acid cycle, embden-meyerhof-parnas and amino acid catabolism were main formation metabolisms of them. Advanced properties of FSJ indicated that fermentation is a promising approach for the production of SJ food.


Assuntos
Kelp , Laminaria , Monascus , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Aminoácidos Essenciais/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/análise , Fermentação , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Laminaria/metabolismo , Monascus/metabolismo , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/análise
16.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 629(Pt A): 1045-1054, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36154971

RESUMO

The development of Li-S battery has been seriously hindered by the shuttle effect of polysulfides and the mechanical instability of the sulfur electrode during cycling. Constructing strong-affinity oxide hosts is an effective way to anchor the polysulfides. And then the oxide hosts with sulfur active materials need additional binder to adhere them to the current collector, and they also possess poor ability to suppress the volume change of sulfur cathode. Herein, a bifunctional lithium polysilicate (Li2O·nSiO2, LSO) as highly efficient adhesion agent and anchoring host has been exploited for long-lifespan Li-S battery. Like other oxide hosts, density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that LSO also displays strong chemisorption effect towards polysulfides. Specially, the LSO shows impressive adhesive property and mechanical strength, which make it act as a robust binder to improve the mechanical stability of the sulfur electrode. The sulfur cathode with LSO as the highly efficient adhesion agent and anchoring host can give an excellent cycling stability with âˆ¼ 0.076 % capacity decay per cycle at 0.5C for 500 cycles. This work lights a new way to improve the chemical and mechanical stability of sulfur cathodes.

17.
Food Chem ; 402: 134226, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126580

RESUMO

The presence of watercored fruit with translucent mesocarp has attracted immense attention due to its unique morphology and taste, however, the metabolic reconstruction between watercored and non-watercored tissues remain elusive. Herein, the combined proteomic and metabolomic approach was carried out to characterize the protein abundance and metabolic profile in watercored apple. Results demonstrated that carbohydrate metabolism was prioritized enriched in watercored apple, including highly accumulated sucrose and sugar alcohols, and the increased level of transcription factor WHIRLY2 (WHY2), which is required in sugar reallocation. More than 50% overlap of differently abundant proteins involved in calcium ion binding, starch and sucrose metabolism implied the involvement of calcium signaling in watercore development. Moreover, significantly lower calcium content was detected in watercored apples. Sucrose synthase (SUSY) protein, which is involved both in calcium ion binding and sugar metabolism, was the potential basis of apple watercore development, which provided a likely candidate in regulation of apparent quality.


Assuntos
Malus , Malus/química , Proteômica , Cálcio/metabolismo , Frutas/química , Sacarose/análise , Açúcares/análise , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Álcoois Açúcares/análise , Amido/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
18.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 113(Pt A): 109368, 2022 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330912

RESUMO

As the most common neurodegenerative disease, Alzheimer's disease (AD) exhibits an incomprehensible pathogenesis, which has led to the continuous failure of drug development in recent years. Although neuronal damage is considered a pathological feature of AD, treatment strategies targeting ß-amyloid (Aß) have not achieved beneficial effects. In-depth research on glial cells has revealed the strong importance and application prospects of astrocytes in the recovery of cognitive functions. This review summarizes the role of astrocytes in AD and the possibility of therapeutic strategies targeting astrocytes. Astrocytes are involved in brain lipid metabolism and can regulate the synthesis and degradation of Aß to affect the pathology of AD. The tau protein is phosphorylated by astrocytes, and this phosphorylation leads to the formation of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). Astrocytes can express a variety of receptors and inflammatory factors and participate in the neuroinflammatory process and the release of proinflammatory mediators. When the glutamate produced by the neurons is not cleared by astrocytes, neurons undergo apoptosis due to blocked cell metabolism. Therapies for astrocytes are highly efficient, and these include stem cell therapy, gene editing technology, astrocyte transformation and chemical drugs. Here, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of animal and cell models applied to the study of targeted astrocyte therapies. This study helps elucidate the mechanism of astrocytes in AD and promotes the clinical application of potential therapeutic strategies targeting astrocytes.

19.
Eur J Med Res ; 27(1): 231, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36333771

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI), a prevalent complication of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), is also a leading contributor to respiratory failure and even death of SAP patients. Here, we intended to investigate the function and mechanism of stellate ganglion block (SGB) in ameliorating SAP-induced ALI (SAP-ALI). We engineered an SAP-ALI model in rats and treated them with SGB. HE staining and the dry and wet method were implemented to evaluate pathological alterations in the tissues and pulmonary edema. The rats serum changes of the profiles of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, and IL-10 were examined. The profiles of miR-155-5p and SOCS5/JAK2/STAT3 were detected. Functional assays were performed for confirming the role of miR-155-5p in modulating the SOCS5/JAK2/STAT3 pathway in pulmonary epithelial cells. Our findings revealed that SGB vigorously alleviated SAP rat lung tissue damage and lung edema and lessened the generation of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß. SGB enhanced SOCS5 expression, hampered miR-155-5p, and suppressed JAK2/STAT3 pathway activation. As evidenced by mechanism studies, miR-155-5p targeted the 3'UTR of SOCS5 and repressed its expression, hence resulting in JAK2/STAT3 pathway activation. During animal trials, we discovered that SGB ameliorated SAP-ALI, boosted SOCS5 expression, and mitigated the levels of pro-inflammatory factors and miR-155-5p in the plasma. In vitro, miR-155-5p overexpression substantially facilitated pulmonary epithelial cell apoptosis, inflammation, and JAK2/STAT3 pathway activation and restrained SOCS5 expression. All in all, our work hinted that SGB could modulate the miR-155-5p/SOCS5/JAK2/STAT3 axis to alleviate SAP-ALI.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , MicroRNAs , Pancreatite , Edema Pulmonar , Ratos , Animais , Pancreatite/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Doença Aguda , Gânglio Estrelado/metabolismo , Gânglio Estrelado/patologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/genética , Edema Pulmonar/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Janus Quinase 2/efeitos adversos
20.
Front Nutr ; 9: 994827, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337662

RESUMO

Fasting with varying intensities is used to treat obesity-related diseases. Re-feeding after fasting exhibits hyperphagia and often rebound weight gain. However, the mechanisms underlying the hyperphagia and rebound remain elusive. Here we show that 24 h food restriction (24 h FR) and milder 50% FR, both depress synaptic transmission in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and induce acute hyperphagia in rats. 24 h FR is followed by weight rebound but 50% FR is not. Orexigenic neuropeptide Y (NPY) via the Y1 receptor (Y1R) inhibited the miniature excitatory postsynaptic current (mEPSC) on anorexigenic oxytocin neurons in the PVN. 24 h FR and 50% FR activated this neuronal pathway to induce acute hyperphagia on Days 1-3 and Days 1-2 after FR, respectively. 24 h FR induced large mEPSC depression, recurrent hyperphagia on Days 9-12 and rebound weight gain on Days 12-17, whereas 50% FR induced moderate mEPSC depression and sustained weight reduction. Transverse data analysis on Day 1 after 24 h FR and 50% FR demonstrated saturation kinetics for the mEPSC depression-hyperphagiacurve, implying hysteresis. The results reveal FR-driven synaptic plasticity in the NPY-Y1R-oxytocin neurocircuit that drives acute hyperphagia. FR with the intensity that regulates the synapse-feeding relay without hysteresis is the key for successful dieting.

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