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1.
Int Braz J Urol ; 47(1): 46-60, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271510

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Radical nephrectomy (RN) is the standard surgical type for pathological stage T3a (pT3a) renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Recently, some studies have suggested equivalence between partial nephrectomy (PN) and RN for oncologic control and have shown the benefits of PN for better renal function. We conducted this meta-analysis to assess oncologic outcomes, perioperative outcomes and renal function between two groups among patients with pT3a RCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Science Direct, Ovid MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library, Embase and Google Scholar were searched for eligible articles. The endpoints of the final analysis included overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), surgical complications, operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). RESULTS: Twelve studies of moderate to high quality, including 14.152 patients, were examined. PN showed superiority for renal functional preservation, providing higher eGFR (WMD=12.48mL/min; 95%CI: 10.28 to 14.67; P < 0.00001) and lower serum creatinine (WMD=-0.31mg/dL; 95%CI: -0.40 to -0.21; P < 0.00001). There were no significant differences between PN and RN regarding operative time, EBL, surgical complications, OS, RFS and CSS. Despite inherent selection bias, most pooled estimates were consistent in sensitivity analysis and subgroup analysis. More positive margins were found in the PN group (RR=2.42; 95%CI: 1.25-4.68; P=0.009). CONCLUSIONS: PN may be more suitable for treating pT3a RCC than RN because it provides a similar survival time (OS or RFS) and superior renal function. Nevertheless, this result is still disputed, and more high-quality studies are required.

2.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2158: 155-170, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32857372

RESUMO

Direct reprogramming of fibroblasts into induced cardiomyocytes (iCMs) holds great promise as a potential treatment for cardiovascular disease, many of which are associated with tremendous loss of functional cardiomyocytes and simultaneous formation of scar tissue. Burgeoning studies have shown that the introduction of three minimal transcriptional factors, Gata4, Mef2c, and Tbx5 (G/M/T), could convert murine fibroblasts into iCMs that closely resemble endogenous CMs both in vitro and in vivo. Recent studies on iCM cell fate determination have demonstrated that the removal of genetic and epigenetic barriers could facilitate iCM reprogramming. However, varied reprogramming efficiency among research groups hinders its further study and potential applicability. Here, we provide a newly updated and detailed protocol for in vitro generation and evaluation of functional iCMs from mouse embryonic fibroblasts and neonatal cardiac fibroblasts using retroviral polycistronic construct encoding optimal expression of G/M/T factors. We hope that this optimized protocol will lay the foundation for future mechanistic studies of murine iCMs and further improvement of iCM generation.

3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 244: 118857, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877850

RESUMO

The valorization, resource generation and the functional characteristic exploration of domestic waste still face enormous challenges. Kiwi peels, a common kind of fruit waste, contain a large amount of phenolic substances, including polyphenols, flavonoids, etc., which can be explored and reused in food and biomedical fields. By ultrasonic assisted extraction technology, we obtained conversional fluorescence kiwi peel phenolic extracts (PE) which possessed gradient magenta fluorescence relying on the content of ethanol in the solution, as well as strong antioxidant activity. Besides, metal ions sensing assay revealed that PE can specifically sense Hg2+ and Cu2+ (LOD: 1.16 and 0.17 µM, respectively) accompanied with a fluorescence conversion from magenta fluorescence to blue. Moreover, employing the prepared PE as fluorescent probes, imaging of HeLa cells can be easily achieved with satisfactory resolution. Additionally, PE was incorporated into the gelatin matrix, successfully fabricating a green, edible degradable film with excellent antioxidant activity.

4.
J Exp Child Psychol ; 201: 104972, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919326

RESUMO

There are strong cultural norms for how emotions are expressed, yet little is known about cultural variations in preschoolers' outward displays and regulation of disappointment. Chinese, Japanese, and American preschoolers' (N = 150) displays of emotion to an undesired gift were coded across both social and nonsocial contexts in a "disappointing gift" paradigm. Generalized estimating equations revealed that, regardless of culture, when children received a disappointing gift, they showed more positive expressions of emotion ("fake smile") in social contexts (in the presence of unfamiliar and familiar examiners) relative to when they were alone, suggesting that preschool-aged children are able to mask their disappointment with positive displays. However, children's emotion expressions varied across both cultures and contexts. American children were more positively and negatively expressive than Japanese children and were more negatively expressive than Chinese children. Chinese and Japanese preschoolers verbally reported more negative emotions but showed more neutral expressions than American preschoolers when receiving the disappointing gift. In addition, across different contexts of the task, there were subtle differences in how Chinese and Japanese children regulated their emotional expressions, with Chinese children showing similar levels of neutral expressions (e.g., "poker face") across different contexts in the task. Thus, our findings highlight the importance of understanding cultural meanings and practices underlying emotion development during early childhood.

5.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 244: 118876, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920501

RESUMO

P-nitrophenol (PNP) has been widely applied to industry processing for many purposes, but the persistence and toxicity of residuum may pose risks to human health. To analyze PNP in industrial and agricultural wastewater, a versatile fluorescent probe sensing platform was proposed. In this work, we devised a fluorescence approach that utilized nitrogen, silicon co-doped carbon dots (N,Si-CDs) to monitor PNP originating from the inner filter effect (IFE). The N,Si-CDs were generated in a one-step hydrothermal synthesis, and which possessed outstanding fluorescence signal and water-dispersity. Emission at 441 nm was monitored with excitation at 360 nm using a common spectrofluorometer. The method achieved an exceptionally low limit of detection (LOD) of 0.011 µM. Furthermore, this method not only eliminates the interference from metal ions and acid ions, but also provides a potential application prospect for N,Si-CDs in the field of water monitoring. Analysis of tap and lake water led to 93.30-106.30% recoveries and <1% relative standard deviation at 2.5-25 µM PNP concentrations.

6.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999045

RESUMO

Immunotherapy using OX40 agonist antibodies shows great preclinical efficacy in mouse tumor models. But in a clinical setting, OX40 agonist antibody alone or in combination with checkpoint blockade exhibit only modest efficacy due to lack of sufficient activation. We hypothesize that the limited antitumor activity in patients may due to insufficient clustering of OX40 antibody in the tumor. To test this hypothesis, we generated a tetravalent PD-L1/OX40 BsAb by fusing two PD-L1 VHH fragments to the C-terminus of a non-blocking agonistic anti-OX40 antibody. The resulting BsAb has intact function of each parental Ab, including efficiently blocking PD1/PD-L1 interaction and inducing OX40 activation. In addition, this BsAb showed significantly enhanced potency in activation of OX40-expressing T cells when PD-L1-expressing tumor cells or DCs were present, through PD-L1-mediated crosslinking of OX40. Moreover, the BsAb exhibited superior antitumor activities over the parental monospecific antibodies alone or in combination in multiple in vivo tumor models. These results demonstrated a great potential for further clinical development of the potent immunostimulatory PD-L1/OX40 bispecific antibody.

7.
Biomater Sci ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001086

RESUMO

Anti-angiogenic tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been proved to be effective in prolonging progression-free survival in advanced osteosarcoma. However, osteosarcoma stem-like cells persist for a long time and ultimately cause disease recurrence and therapy resistance. Here, we reveal that inefficient accumulation of Apatinib, an anti-angiogenic TKI, induces the expression of ribosome-associated genes in osteosarcoma, and confers apoptosis resistance. An engineered nanoscale delivery system based on hydrophobic poly(ester amide) has been established to effectively deliver Apatinib to improve the treatment. Notably, the considerable uptake by osteosarcoma cells enables this nanodrug to distribute increasingly inside the tumor. Furthermore, the delivered nano-Apatinib can suppress osteosarcoma stemness and enhance osteosarcoma stem-like cell apoptosis, and overcomes the crucial bottleneck of the unfavorable stem-like cell residue for TKI therapy. Importantly, nano-Apatinib significantly inhibits the osteosarcoma stem-like cell-derived tumor growth in contrast with free Apatinib, with minimal side effects. These results suggest that this Apatinib-loaded nano delivery system may serve as a promising strategy to solve the issue of TKI therapeutic resistance existing in advanced osteosarcoma.

8.
J Mater Chem B ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001121

RESUMO

Quantum dots (QDs) are increasingly being utilized as near infrared (NIR) active photothermal agents for cancer diagnosis and therapy, with the main emphasis of current research being the enhancement of photothermal conversion efficiencies. Herein, we report the facile synthesis of 2-3 nm boron quantum dots (B QDs), which demonstrated a remarkable photothermal conversion efficiency of 57% under NIR excitation. This outstanding performance can be attributed to the alteration of the electronic structure, which was a result from the distorted edge-effect induced by the unique empty orbit of B atoms in the B QDs. These results can be verified by B K-edge near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The results demonstrate that B QDs represent a promising new and non-toxic agent for both multimodal NIR-driven cancer imaging and photothermal therapy. This work thus identifies B QDs as an exciting new and theranostic agent for cancer therapy. Furthermore, the synthetic strategy used here to synthesize the B QDs was simple and easily scalable.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004176

RESUMO

Voltage-gated sodium channels are critical for the generation and propagation of action potentials. Gating modifier toxins from spider venom can modulate the gating mechanism of sodium channels and thus have potential as drug leads. Here, we established expression of the gating modifier toxin PaurTx-3, a sodium channel inhibitor found in the venom of the spider Phrixotrichus auratus. Whole-cell voltage-clamp recordings indicated that recombinant PaurTx-3 (rPaurTx-3) inhibited Nav1.4, Nav1.5, and Nav1.7 currents with IC50 values of 61 nM, 72 nM, and 25 nM, respectively. Furthermore, rPaurTx-3 irreversibly inhibited Nav1.7 currents, but had 60-70% recovery in Nav1.4 and Nav1.5 after washing with a bath solution. rPaurTx-3 also hyperpolarized the voltage-dependent steady-state inactivation curve and significantly slowed recovery from fast inactivation of Nav1.7. Current-clamp recordings showed that rPaurTx-3 suppressed small DRG neuron activity. The biological activity assay findings for rPaurTx-3 support its potent pharmacological effect in Nav1.7 and small DRG neurons.

10.
Microb Cell Fact ; 19(1): 186, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004035

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is one of the main causes of infectious diseases in cattle and causes large financial losses to the cattle industry worldwide. In this study, Lactobacillus casei strain W56 (Lc W56) was used as antigen deliver carrier to construct a recombinant Lactobacillus vaccine pPG-E2-ctxB/Lc W56 constitutively expressing BVDV E2 protein fused with cholera toxin B subunit (ctxB) as an adjuvant, and its immunogenicity against BVDV infection in mice model by oral route was explored. RESULTS: Our results suggested that pPG-E2-ctxB/Lc W56 can effectively activate dendritic cells (DCs) in the Peyer's patches, up-regulate the expression of Bcl-6, and promote T-follicular helper (Tfh) cells differentiation, as well as enhance B lymphocyte proliferation and promote them differentiate into specific IgA-secreting plasma cells, secreting anti-E2 mucosal sIgA antibody with BVDV-neutralizing activity. Moreover, significant levels (p < 0.01) of BVDV-neutralizing antigen-specific serum antibodies were induced in the pPG-E2-ctxB/LC W56 group post-vaccination. The recombinant Lactobacillus vaccine can induce cellular immune responses, and significant levels (p < 0.01) of Th1-associated cytokines (IL-2, IL-12, and IFN-γ), Th2-associated cytokines (IL-4, IL-10) and Th17-associated cytokine (IL-17) were determined in the serum of vaccinated mice. Significantly, the recombinant Lactobacillus vaccine provides immune protection against BVDV infection, which can be cleared effectively by the vaccine post-challenge in orally vaccinated animals. CONCLUSIONS: The genetically engineered Lactobacillus vaccine constructed in this study is immunogenic in mice and can induce mucosal, humoral, and cellular immune responses, providing effective anti-BVDV immune protection. It thus represents a promising strategy for vaccine development against BVDV.

11.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16357, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004832

RESUMO

Paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP) is a severe autoimmune syndrome commonly triggered by neoplasms. The prognosis of CLL-associated PNP is dismal due to its refractory course and secondary infection and no standard treatment was recommended. We retrospectively reported six CLL with PNP cases from 842 cases of CLL including diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. The median time between the initial of CLL to PNP was 36 months while the median overall survival from the diagnosis of PNP was 26 months. And three cases died of lung infection while 5 developed pulmonary symptoms. And 5 cases received fludarabine-based chemotherapy before developing PNP, which suggesting fludarabine was one of potential causes of PNP. For the treatment, five patients were rescued by combined regimens including rituximab, methylprednisolone, immunoglobulin, fresh frozen plasma and the last received ibrutinib combined with short-term prednisone. Fludarabine-based regimen may be one of the potential causes of PNP. The combined regimen might shed a new light, while ibrutinib is a promising drug for CLL with PNP, but needs much more evidence. PNP should be carefully treated to guide early diagnosis and intervention for a better prognosis.

13.
G3 (Bethesda) ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023974

RESUMO

The genetic contribution of additive versus non-additive (epistatic) effects in the regulation of complex traits is unclear. While genome-wide association studies typically ignore gene-gene interactions, in part because of the lack of statistical power for detecting them, mouse chromosome substitution strains (CSSs) represent an alternate approach for detecting epistasis given their limited allelic variation. Therefore, we utilized CSSs to identify and map both additive and epistatic loci that regulate a range of hematologic- and metabolism-related traits, as well as hepatic gene expression. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were identified using a CSS-based backcross strategy involving the segregation of variants on the A/J-derived substituted chromosomes 4 and 6 on an otherwise C57BL/6J genetic background. In the liver transcriptomes of offspring from this cross, we identified and mapped additive QTLs regulating the hepatic expression of 768 genes, and epistatic QTL pairs for 519 genes. Similarly, we identified additive QTLs for fat pad weight, platelets, and the percentage of granulocytes in blood, as well as epistatic QTL pairs controlling the percentage of lymphocytes in blood and red cell distribution width. The variance attributed to the epistatic QTL pairs was approximately equal to that of the additive QTLs; however, the SNPs in the epistatic QTL pairs that accounted for the largest variances were undetected in our single locus association analyses. These findings highlight the need to account for epistasis in association studies, and more broadly demonstrate the importance of identifying genetic interactions to understand the complete genetic architecture of complex traits.

14.
Diabetes ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024004

RESUMO

Early and precise identification of individuals with pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes (T2D) at risk of progressing to chronic kidney disease (CKD) is essential to prevent complications of diabetes. Here, we identify and evaluate prospective metabolite biomarkers and the best set of predictors of CKD in the longitudinal, population-based Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg (KORA) cohort by targeted metabolomics and machine learning approaches. Out of 125 targeted metabolites, sphingomyelin (SM) C18:1 and phosphatidylcholine diacyl (PC aa) C38:0 were identified as candidate metabolite biomarkers of incident CKD specifically in hyperglycemic individuals followed during 6.5 years. Sets of predictors for incident CKD developed from 125 metabolites and 14 clinical variables showed highly stable performances in all three machine learning approaches and outperformed the currently established clinical algorithm for CKD. The two metabolites in combination with five clinical variables were identified as the best set of predictors and their predictive performance yielded a mean area value under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.857. The inclusion of metabolite variables in the clinical prediction of future CKD may thus improve the risk prediction in persons with pre- and T2D. The metabolite link with hyperglycemia-related early kidney dysfunction warrants further investigation.

15.
Front Immunol ; 11: 1801, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33013831

RESUMO

A recently developed humanized mouse has been used to assess the immune response evoked against the isolated attenuated C9 parasite clone (C9-M; carrying a single insertion disrupting the open reading frame (ORF) of PF3D7_1305500) of Plasmodium falciparum. Significant human RBC engraftment was achieved by ameliorating the residual non-adaptive immune response using clodronate-loaded liposome treatment. Controlled reactive professional phagocytic leukocytes in immunodeficient mice allowed for sizeable human blood chimerism and injected huRBCs acted as bona fide host cells for P. falciparum. huRBC-reconstituted immunodeficient mice received infectious challenge with attenuated P. falciparum C9 parasite mutants (C9-M), complemented (C9-C), and wild type (NF54) progenitors to study the role of immune effectors in the clearance of the parasite from mouse circulation. C9-M and NF54 parasites grew and developed in the huRBC-reconstituted humanized NSG mice. Further, the presence of mutant parasites in deep-seated tissues suggests the escape of parasites from the host's immune responses and thus extended the survival of the parasite. Our results suggest an evasion mechanism that may have been employed by the parasite to survive the mouse's residual non-adaptive immune responses. Collectively, our data suggest that huRBCs reconstituted NSG mice infected with attenuated P. falciparum is a valuable tool to explore the role of C9 mutation in the growth and survival of parasite mutants and their response to the host's immune responses. This mouse might help in identifying novel chemotherapeutic targets to develop new anti-malarial drugs.

16.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; : 102037, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No conclusive information is available about the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for Bowen's disease (BD) treatment. We aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze data on the effectiveness of PDT in BD, and further summarize the data from all randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: Relevant data were extracted after conducting a literature search via PubMed, Embase, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, and Wanfang databases, from inception until 31 July 2019. Meta-analyses of the data were performed using RevMan V.5.3. A total of 392 published RCTs related to the efficacy of PDT in BD treatment were identified. The papers were screened for duplicates and excluded based on title and abstract. Subsequently, 85 full-text articles were thoroughly reviewed and finally, data from 446 patients with 1147 skin lesions across 12 eligible studies were collated. RESULTS: Our findings revealed significant differences between the efficacies of PDT and other treatments, where a higher lesion reduction rate was observed after the first treatment session following PDT (P < 0.00001, Z = 4.98). PDT was found to be more effective than 5-fluorouracil (P < 0.00001, Z = 4.42) and cryotherapy (P = 0.008, Z = 2.67). However, there were no significant differences in recurrence rates following treatments with PDT, cryotherapy, and 5-fluorouracil. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review and meta-analysis confirms and collates data from all RCTs pertaining to the efficacy of PDT for BD treatment. Our study has reiterated that PDT is more effective than 5-fluorouracil and cryotherapy for the treatment of BD.

17.
Liver Int ; 2020 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012093

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Congenital hepatic fibrosis (CHF) is a rare disease associated with polycystic kidney gene mutation and is characterized by liver fibrosis and portal hypertension. The pathology of CHF has common characteristics with hepatitis B cirrhosis. Currently, little is known about the clinical course of CHF during pregnancy or its effect on maternal and fetal outcomes. METHODS: Whole exome sequencing (WES), and laboratory and histopathological findings of the patient were documented. RESULTS: We report the case of a 30-year-old Chinese woman who had been diagnosed with hepatitis B cirrhosis 17 years before and whose diagnosis was revised to CHF based on confirmation by liver biopsy and WES. She conceived naturally and delivered a healthy live infant. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnostic methods for CHF are liver biopsy and WES. In pregnant patients with CHF, prenatal monitoring is mainly performed to monitor liver function, platelet and clotting function, portal hypertension and degree of esophageal and gastric varices. Precise guidelines for screening and management of patients with CHF need to be better defined.

18.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012161

RESUMO

Transition-metal phosphates/phosphides possess promising theoretical electrochemical characteristics and exhibit great potential in advanced supercapacitors. Unfortunately, limited by the processing techniques and overall structure, their specific capacity and rate performance are still unsatisfactory. Herein, we report the fabrication of transition-metal phosphate electrodes with an ultrathin sheetlike array structure by one-step electrodeposition at room temperature. As a proof-of-concept, a transition-metal phosphate member of NiCo(HPO4)2·3H2O with an ultrathin nanosheet structure (thickness ∼2.3 nm) was synthesized and investigated. The as-prepared NiCo(HPO4)2·3H2O electrode showcases an ultrahigh specific capacity of 1768.5 C g-1 at 2 A g-1 (the highest value for transition-metal phosphates/phosphides reported to date), superb rate performance of 1144.8 C g-1 at 100 A g-1, and excellent electrochemical stability. Moreover, the transition-metal phosphate nanosheet array can be uniformly deposited on various conductive substrates, demonstrating the generality of our strategy. Therefore, this simple electrodeposition strategy provides an opportunity to fabricate ultrathin transition-metal phosphate nanosheet materials that can be used for energy storage/conversion, electrocatalysis, and other electrochemical energy-related devices.

19.
Chemistry ; 2020 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015904

RESUMO

Extended tetratopic benzoic acid ligands with "orthogonal-twisted-arms" conformations were designed and synthesized for the construction of new MOF structures (OTA-MOF). Upon coordination with Cd 2+ and Cu 2+ cations, two well-defined new MOFs were prepared. X -ray single crystal structures were successfully obtained, demonstrating the formation of a n ew topology (4,4,4-c). The OTA2-MOF-Cu gave moderate stability in organic solvents and good gas sorption ability toward CO 2 . This new MOF showed superior catalytic reactivity toward the epoxide-CO 2 cycloaddition , giving >50 folds yield enhancement over the controlled reaction without MOF. It is expected that this new ligand design, porous structure, and excellent CO 2 catalytic reactivity will make OTA-MOF promising new materials for applications in catalysis and separation .

20.
Bioengineered ; 11(1): 1058-1070, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016225

RESUMO

Serine protease Omi/HtrA2, a member of the HtrA family, is closely related to the maintenance of mitochondrial integrity and participates in apoptosis but its role in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and cellular oxidative stress response remains unclear. In this study, we found that I/R injury resulted in a time-dependent increase in Omi/HtrA2 expression in rat brain tissue. Inhibition of Omi/HtrA2 significantly inhibited XIAP cleavage in H2O2-induced PC12 cells. In addition, inhibition of Omi/HtrA2 significantly inhibited the up-regulation of mitochondrial stress proteins CHOP and ClpP, significantly reduced mitochondrial aggregation, and attenuated the decline of mitochondrial ΔΨm in PC12 cells. Studies show that there is a physical interaction between Omi/HtrA2 and OPA1. We found that Omi/HtrA2 and OPA1 are closely related to the oxidative stress mitochondrial response in PC12 cells. The current study has demonstrated that Omi/HtrA2 is upregulated in brain I/R injury in vivo and is implicated in mitochondrial response to oxidative stress in vitro by regulating mitochondrial stress proteins CHOP and CLpP and by interacting with mitochondrial cristae remodeling protein OPA1. These findings suggest that Omi/HtrA2 could be a candidate molecular target in diseases that involve oxidative stress such as in I/R injury. Abbreviation: ATP: Adenosine tripHospHate; Bax: BCL2-Associated X; Bcl-2: B-cell lympHoma-2; BSA: Albumin from bovine serum; DMEM: Dulbecco's Minimum Essential Medium; DMSO: Dimethyl sulfoxide; HSP60: Heat shock protein60, 70; L-OPA1: Long forms of OPA1; Omi/HtrA2: high-temperature-regulated A2; MCAO: Middle cerebral artery occlusion; OPA1: Optic AtropHy; PBS: PHospHate buffered saline; PMSF: pHenylmethyl sulfonylfluoride; ROS: reactive oxygen species; SDS: Sodium dodecyl sulfate; S-OPA1: Short forms of OPA1; TTC: TripHenyltetrazalium chloride; XIAP: X-linked inhibitor apoptosis protein.

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