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1.
Hortic Res ; 8(1): 100, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931609

RESUMO

Wild grapevines can show strong resistance to the downy mildew pathogen P. viticola, but the associated mechanisms are poorly described, especially at early stages of infection. Here, we performed comparative proteomic analyses of grapevine leaves from the resistant genotype V. davidii "LiuBa-8" (LB) and susceptible V. vinifera "Pinot Noir" (PN) 12 h after inoculation with P. viticola. By employing the iTRAQ technique, a total of 444 and 349 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified in LB and PN, respectively. The majority of these DEPs were related to photosynthesis, respiration, cell wall modification, protein metabolism, stress, and redox homeostasis. Compared with PN, LB showed fewer downregulated proteins associated with photosynthesis and more upregulated proteins associated with metabolism. At least a subset of PR proteins (PR10.2 and PR10.3) was upregulated upon inoculation in both genotypes, whereas HSP (HSP70.2 and HSP90.6) and cell wall-related XTH and BXL1 proteins were specifically upregulated in LB and PN, respectively. In the incompatible interaction, ROS signaling was evident by the accumulation of H2O2, and multiple APX and GST proteins were upregulated. These DEPs may play crucial roles in the grapevine response to downy mildew. Our results provide new insights into molecular events associated with downy mildew resistance in grapevine, which may be exploited to develop novel protection strategies against this disease.

2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(15): 4464-4479, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823587

RESUMO

Polyketide synthase-terpenoid synthase (PKS-TPS) hybrid pathways for biosynthesis of unique sesquiterpenyl epoxy-cyclohexenoids (SECs) have been found to be widely distributed in plant pathogenic fungi. However, the natural and ecological functions of these pathways and their metabolites still remain cryptic. In this study, the whole PKS-TPS hybrid pathway in the predominant nematode-trapping fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora was first proposed according to all the intermediates and their derivatives from all the A. oligospora mutants with a deficiency in each gene involved in SEC biosynthesis. Most mutants displayed significantly increased trap formation which was correlated with alteration of the ammonia level. Further analysis revealed that the main metabolites involved in ammonia metabolism were largely increased in most mutants. However, significantly retarded colonization in soil were observed in most mutants compared to the wild-type strain due to significantly decreased antibacterial activities. Our results suggested that A. oligospora used the PKS-TPS hybrid pathway for fungal soil colonization via decreasing fungal nematode-capturing ability. This also provided solid evidence that boosting fungal colonization in soil was the secondary metabolite whose biosynthesis depended on a PKS-TPS hybrid pathway.

3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 8010694, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33553430

RESUMO

The gut microbiota is very important in the initiation, progression, and dissemination of cancer, and the regulation of microbiota has been employed as a novel strategy to enhance the effect of immunotherapy. Adiponectin (APN), an adipocyte-derived hormone, plays a vital role in regulating the immune response of innate immune cells. The deficiency of APN inhibits rhabdomyosarcoma growth. However, whether this function is associated with regulating gut microbiota remains unknown. To investigate, we performed 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing on the fecal microbiome of APN gene knockout mice to determine whether APN deletion affects the gut microbiota. We found APN deficiency alters gut microbial functions involved in metabolism, genetic information processing, and cellular processes. In addition, a decreased abundance of Bacteroides and an increased abundance of Prevotella and Helicobacter were observed in rhabdomyosarcoma-bearing APN knockout mice; these bacteria were associated with the inhibition of rhabdomyosarcoma growth. These findings suggest that gut microbiota may be a potential target of APN deficiency against rhabdomyosarcoma.

5.
Food Res Int ; 139: 109807, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509450

RESUMO

Radio frequency (RF) treatment technology has now been studied and used for kinds of food products as its rapid and volumetric heating effects. It is meaningful to study the characteristics of potato drying with a new RF treatment method. In this study, intermitted RF combined treatments were used to get high-efficiency dehydration effects for potato drying, but the impact and mechanism of RF radiation on drying efficiency or quality is still unknown. To explore the drying characteristics, the effects of different RF radiation and the associated intermittent periods on the characterization of color, crystalline, thermal, pasting, rheology, and structural properties of potato flour were systematically studied. Longer RF radiation period (7 min) has a positive effect on drying efficiency and quality. The effect of intermittent period was not as significant as that of RF radiation, but a slightly increasing trend of the quality properties with intermittent period also indicated the tempering effect. The combined action of RF intermittent treatment on potato drying was found and investigated in this study, which may support RF drying processing improvement.

6.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(11): 3758-3766, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300726

RESUMO

Artemisia ordosica is a forerunner species of wind-break and sand-fixation in desert steppe in China, which plays an important role in ecosystem restoration and reconstruction. How-ever, it could influence human health. Based on 89 valid data of current distribution of A. ordosica in China and 19 typical climatic factors, the MaxEnt model was used to simulate the potential distribution of A. ordosica in China under current and two scenarios (RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5; 2050s and 2070s). The SDM toolbox of ArcGIS software was used to analyze the potential distribution range of A. ordosica and its changes in China. The importance of key climatic factors was evaluated by comprehensive contribution rate, Jackknife method, and response curve of environmental variables. The accuracy of model was tested and evaluated by area under the curve (AUC) of the test subject working characteristic (ROC). The results showed that the MaxEnt model worked well (AUC=0.980). which predicted that A. ordosica was mainly concentrated in and around Mu Us Sandy Land, consistent with the current actual distribution range. The distribution area of A. ordosica of potential high fitness under the future two scenarios decreased by 5.2%-26.8%, which was negatively affected by future climate change. Seasonal variation of temperature, mean precipitation in the coldest season, and mean annual temperature had the greatest impact. The core area of future potential distribution of A. ordosica in China was located in Mu Us Sandy Land, with a tendency for spreading to northeast (Jilin, Heilongjiang, Liaoning and some parts of Hebei).

7.
BMC Psychiatry ; 20(1): 490, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A number of studies have explored the association between depression and ghrelin, leptin, and cortisol; further, postprandial C-peptide levels have a therapeutic effect on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the relationship between C-peptide and depression in patients with diabetes, remains unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the association between depression and ghrelin, leptin, cortisol, and C-peptide in patients with diabetes. METHODS: We enrolled 50 adults without T2DM, 77 non-depressed adults with T2DM (free of Axis-I psychiatric disorders as assessed using the Mental Illness Needs Index (MINI), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9 score ≤ 4)) and 59 patients with T2DM and depression (PHQ-9 ≥ 7 and positive by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5). The age range of the participants was 45-59 years of age. We compared the above three groups and explored the association between ghrelin, leptin, cortisol, C-peptide, and depression in patients with diabetes. A post-hoc power-analysis was finished. RESULTS: Compared with the non-depression T2DM group, the depression T2DM group had significantly higher blood glucose fluctuations. Further, compared with the non-depression T2DM and non-diabetic groups, the depression T2DM group had significantly lower levels of post-meal 2-h C-peptide and elevated evening cortisol (p < 0.01). Regression analysis revealed a significant negative correlation between depression severity and 2-h postprandial C-peptide in patients with diabetes (p < 0.01) and a significant positive correlation with midnight cortisol levels (p < 0.01). A post hoc power analysis showed that we had an adequate sample size and met the minimum requirement to attain 80% power. A post hoc power calculation also demonstrated that this study basically achieved power of 80% at 5% alpha level. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate a correlation of low fasting levels of 2-h C-peptide as well as higher midnight cortisol levels with higher depression severity in middle-aged patients with T2DM.

8.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 15: 1997-2004, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921997

RESUMO

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic airway inflammatory disease characterized by irreversible airflow obstruction. Pathogenic mechanisms underlying COPD remain largely unknown. Objective: The current study was designed to explore serum concentration of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) in stable COPD patients and the potential effect of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP) on HIF-1α protein expression. Methods: Serum HIF-1α was quantified by ELISA in 102 stable COPD patients before and after 2-week orally taken LBP (100 mL/time, twice daily, 5-15 mg/mL). Correlation of serum LBP and lung function (FEV1%) or blood gas (PO2 and PCO2) was also analyzed. As a control, 105 healthy subjects were also enrolled into this study. Results: Serum concentration of HIF-1α was significantly higher in the stable COPD patients (37.34 ± 7.20 pg/mL) than that in the healthy subjects (29.55 ± 9.66 pg/mL, P<0.001). Oral administration of LBP (5 mg/mL, 100 mL, twice daily for 2 weeks) not only relieved COPD symptoms but also significantly reduced serum HIF-1α concentration (36.94 ± 9.23 vs 30.49 ± 6.42 pg/mL, P<0.05). In addition, level of serum HIF-1α concentration was significantly correlated with PCO2 (r = 0.283, P<0.001), but negatively and significantly correlated with PO2 (r = -0.490, P=0.005) or FEV1%(r = -0.420, P=0.018). Conclusion: These findings suggested that activation of HIF-1 signaling pathway may be involved in the pathophysiology of COPD and that stabilization of serum HIF-1α concentration by LBP might benefit the stable COPD patients.

9.
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol ; 319(3): F414-F422, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715760

RESUMO

We used patch-clamp and Western blot analysis to test whether PGF2α stimulates the basolateral 10-pS Cl- channel and thiazide-sensitive Na+-Cl- cotransporter (NCC) in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT) via a prostaglandin F receptor (FP-R). Single channel and whole cell recordings demonstrated that PGF2α stimulated the 10-pS Cl- channel in the DCT. The stimulatory effect of PGF2α on the Cl- channel was mimicked by a FP-R agonist, latanoprost, but was abrogated by blocking FP-R with AL8810. Also, the effect of PGF2α on the Cl- channel in the DCT was recapitulated by stimulating PKC but was blocked by inhibiting PKC. Furthermore, inhibition of p38 MAPK but not ERK blocked the effect of PGF2α on the 10-pS Cl- channel. Inhibition of NADPH oxidase also abrogated the stimulatory effect of PGF2α on the 10-pS Cl- channel, while the addition of 10 µM H2O2 mimicked the stimulatory effect of PGF2α on the 10-pS Cl- channel. Moreover, superoxide-related species may mediate the stimulatory effect of PGF2α on the 10-pS Cl- channel because the stimulatory effect of PGF2α and H2O2 was not additive. Western blot analysis showed that infusion of PGF2α in vivo not only increased the expression of FP-R but also increased the expression of total NCC and phosphorylated NCC. We conclude that PGF2α stimulates the basolateral 10-pS Cl- channel in the DCT by activating FP-R through PKC/p38 MAPK and NADPH oxidase-dependent pathways. The stimulatory effects of PGF2α on the Cl- channel and NCC may contribute to PGF2α-induced increases in NaCl reabsorption in the DCT.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte de Ânions/metabolismo , Canais de Cloreto/metabolismo , Dinoprosta/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Túbulos Renais Distais/metabolismo , Receptores de Droga/metabolismo , Simportadores de Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Transporte de Ânions/genética , Canais de Cloreto/genética , Feminino , Túbulos Renais Distais/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ocitócicos/farmacologia , Técnicas de Patch-Clamp , Proteína Quinase C/genética , Proteína Quinase C/metabolismo , Receptores de Droga/genética , Simportadores de Cloreto de Sódio/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
10.
Ann Hematol ; 99(8): 1883-1893, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32572523

RESUMO

In allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection can cause overt CMV-associated disease, which is a main cause of transplantation-associated mortality. CMV infection correlates closely with donor's type. We therefore examined whether risk factors of CMV reactivation and clinical endpoints in patients with hematologic malignancies after allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) differed between using matched-sibling donors (MSD-SCT) and haploidentical donors (HID-SCT). In this retrospective cohort study, we enrolled in 200 consecutive patients received an unmanipulated G-CSF-mobilized allogeneic PBSCT. Ninety (45%) patients received MSD-SCT and 110 (55%) received HID-SCT. Quantitative PCR was used for monitoring of CMV reactivation after transplantation. One-year cumulative incidence of CMV DNAemia was 55.0%, ranging from 23.5% in MSD-SCT group to 81.0% in HID-SCT group (p < 0.001). Although univariate analyses showed that non-myeloid malignancies, disease in complete remission status at transplantation, pretreatment with antithymocyte globulin, HLA-haploidentical donors, male donors, previous Epstein-Barr virus DNAemia, and absolute lymphocyte count on day 30 < 0.6 × 109/L were respectively associated with CMV reactivation after transplantation in total cohort of recipients (all p < 0.05), haploidentical donors were found to be the only independent predictor in multivariate analyses (Hazard ratio = 6.4, p < 0.001). Furthermore, univariate analyses revealed that non-myeloid malignancies and previous Epstein-Barr virus DNAemia were respectively associated with CMV reactivation in MSD-SCT recipients, and female was associated with CMV reactivation in HID-SCT recipients (all p < 0.05). In HID-SCT recipients, but not MSD-SCT recipients, previous CMV DNAemia was associated with a lower cumulative incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (49.2% vs. 72.6%, p < 0.001). CMV DNAemia did not play a role in the relapse rate, but it was strongly associated with an increased risk of non-relapse mortality either in total cohort of recipients (30.5% vs. 13.7%; p = 0.003) or in the HID-SCT subgroup (36.0% vs. 16.7%; p = 0.030). Relapse-free survival and overall survival in total cohort of recipients with CMV DNAemia were both inferior to those without CMV DNAemia (45.3% vs. 57.6% and 54.8% vs. 65.8%, respectively; both p < 0.05). However, in subgroup analysis according to donor's type, neither relapse-free survival nor overall survival was impacted by CMV status (both p > 0.05). This study addressed differences in incidence, risk factors, and associations with clinical outcomes of CMV reactivation after haploidentical versus matched-sibling PBSCT.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus/mortalidade , Citomegalovirus/fisiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue Periférico , Irmãos , Ativação Viral , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 3237-3245, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32440220

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to determine the value of the indocyanine green (ICG) clearance test in the preoperative assessment of chemotherapy-related hepatic injury in patients with liver metastasis from colorectal cancer. Methods: A total of 218 patients who underwent hepatic dissection due to colorectal cancer liver metastasis at the Peking University Cancer Hospital between January 2016 and December 2017 were retrospectively evaluated; 179 patients who received chemotherapy prior to hepatic resection were further examined. Patient- and chemotherapy-related factors were analyzed in both groups with normal and abnormal ICG retention rate at 15 min (ICG-R15), and their intraoperative and postoperative outcomes were compared. Results: The chemotherapy group had a higher mean ICG-R15 value and a higher number of patients who exhibited abnormal ICG-R15, compared with the no-chemotherapy group. Under the guidance of ICG test, no patients experienced severe complications in the abnormal ICG-R15 group compared with the normal ICG-R15 group, and the overall morbidity was also not significantly different between the two groups. However, the incidence of severe complications was higher in patients who underwent major resection with a normal ICG-R15 value compared with patients with an abnormal ICG-R15 value who underwent minor resection (P<0.05). Multivariable logistic regression analyses revealed that body mass index (BMI) ≥28 and oxaliplatin use were independent predictors of abnormal ICG-R15. The ICG-R15 value was significantly higher in the two-risk factors group compared with the no-risk factor group (P=0.012), but not statistically different compared with the one risk factor group. Conclusion: Screening of patients with chemotherapy-associated liver injury using the IGC test may help in performing safe hepatectomy by avoiding major resection. BMI ≥28 and oxaliplatin use were independent preoperative predictors of abnormal ICG-R15.

12.
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol ; 318(6): F1369-F1376, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32308018

RESUMO

Cytochrome P-450 (Cyp) epoxygenase-dependent metabolites of arachidonic acid (AA) have been shown to inhibit renal Na+ transport, and inhibition of Cyp-epoxygenase is associated with salt-sensitive hypertension. We used the patch-clamp technique to examine whether Cyp-epoxygenase-dependent AA metabolites inhibited the basolateral 40-pS K+ channel (Kir4.1/Kir5.1) in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT). Application of AA inhibited the basolateral 40-pS K+ channel in the DCT. The inhibitory effect of AA on the 40-pS K+ channel was specific because neither linoleic nor oleic acid was able to mimic the effect of AA on the K+ channel. Inhibition of Cyp-monooxygenase with N-methylsulfonyl-12,12-dibromododec-11-enamide or inhibition of cyclooxygenase with indomethacin failed to abolish the inhibitory effect of AA on the 40-pS K+ channel. However, the inhibition of Cyp-epoxygenase with N-methylsulfonyl-6-(propargyloxyphenyl)hexanamide abolished the effect of AA on the 40-pS K+ channel in the DCT. Moreover, addition of either 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) or 14,15-EET also inhibited the 40-pS K+ channel in the DCT. Whole cell recording demonstrated that application of AA decreased, whereas N-methylsulfonyl-6-(propargyloxyphenyl)hexanamide treatment increased, Ba2+-sensitive K+ currents in the DCT. Finally, application of 14,15-EET but not AA was able to inhibit the basolateral 40-pS K+ channel in the DCT of Cyp2c44-/- mice. We conclude that Cyp-epoxygenase-dependent AA metabolites inhibit the basolateral Kir4.1/Kir5.1 in the DCT and that Cyp2c44-epoxygenase plays a role in the regulation of the basolateral K+ channel in the mouse DCT.


Assuntos
Ácido 8,11,14-Eicosatrienoico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Araquidônico/farmacologia , Família 2 do Citocromo P450/metabolismo , Túbulos Renais Distais/efeitos dos fármacos , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Potássio/farmacologia , Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização/antagonistas & inibidores , Ácido 8,11,14-Eicosatrienoico/metabolismo , Ácido 8,11,14-Eicosatrienoico/farmacologia , Amidas/farmacologia , Animais , Ácido Araquidônico/metabolismo , Família 2 do Citocromo P450/antagonistas & inibidores , Família 2 do Citocromo P450/genética , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Túbulos Renais Distais/metabolismo , Masculino , Potenciais da Membrana , Camundongos da Linhagem 129 , Camundongos Knockout , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Potássio/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização/metabolismo
13.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 13(3): 474-480, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32309186

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering efficacy and safety of tafluprost 0.0015% eye drops [benzalkonium chloride (BAK) 0.1 mg/mL] compared with that of latanoprost 0.005% eye drops (BAK 0.2 mg/mL) for primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and ocular hypertension (OHT). METHODS: All the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about treating POAG and OHT comparing tafluprost and latanoprost were collected by searching PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI and VIP. The outcomes of interest to evaluate the clinical efficacy and adverse effects included IOP and patient-related drop discomfort. RESULTS: Five RCTs involving 888 glaucoma patients were included. The results showed that, 1) at the end of the study, no statistically significant differences were observed in IOP reduction [standard mean difference (SMD) =0.48, 95%CI 0.07 to 0.88, P=0.085] between tafluprost and latanoprost; 2) No statistically significant differences were observed in adverse events of foreign-body sensation [relative risk (RR) =0.62, 95%CI 0.26 to 1.46, P=0.269], eye irritation (RR=1.16, 95%CI 0.49 to 2.75, P=0.744), eye pain (RR=2.000, 95%CI 0.949 to 4.216, P=0.07), iris hyper-pigmentation (RR=0.741, 95%CI 0.235 to 2.334, P=0.61), dry eye (RR=1.154, 95%CI 0.409 to 3.256, P=0.79) and eye pruritus (RR=1.600, 95%CI 0.536 to 4.774, P=0.4) between tafluprost and latanoprost. However, tafluprost showed more reported incidence of conjunctival hyperaemia than latanoprost (RR=2.11, 95%CI 1.24 to 3.59, P=0.006). CONCLUSION: Tafluprost 0.0015% eye drops (BAK 0.1 mg/mL) and latanoprost 0.005% eye drops (BAK 0.2 mg/mL) are comparable in lowering IOP for open angle glaucoma (OAG) and OHT. It does not differ in the incidence of foreign-body sensation, eye irritation, eye pain, iris hyper-pigmentation, dry eye and eye pruritus, but tafluprost shows less ocular tolerability because of more incidence of conjunctival hyperaemia.

14.
Am J Nephrol ; 51(6): 453-462, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lack of consensus criteria of acute on chronic kidney injury (ACKI) affects the judgment for its clinical prognosis. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed the data from 711,615 hospitalized adults who had at least 2 serum creatinine (SCr) tests within 30 days. We estimated the reference change value (RCV) of SCr given initial SCr level in adults without known risks of acute kidney injury other than chronic kidney disease (CKD). We proposed a criterion for ACKI based on the RCV of SCr (cROCK), which defined ACKI as a ≥25% increase in SCr in 7 days. We validated cROCK by its association with the risks of in-hospital mortality, death after discharge, and CKD progression in a large cohort of patients with CKD stage 3. RESULTS: In 21,661 patients with CKD stage 3, a total of 3,145 (14.5%), 1,512 (7.0%), and 221 (1.0%) ACKI events were detected by both cROCK and Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO), cROCK only, and KDIGO only, respectively. cROCK detected 40% more ACKI events than KDIGO. Compared with patients without ACKI by both definitions, those with cROCK- but not KDIGO-defined ACKI had a significantly increased risk of in-hospital mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 5.53; 95% CI 3.75-8.16), death after discharge (HR 1.51; 95% CI 1.21-1.83), and CKD progression (OR 5.65; 95% CI 3.05-10.48). CONCLUSIONS: RCV-based criterion (cROCK) for ACKI is clinically valid in that it has a substantially improved sensitivity in identifying patients with high risk of adverse outcomes.

15.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 16, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952490

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to compare the perioperative safety and long-term survival of patients with synchronous colorectal liver metastases undergoing sequential resection (SeR), delayed resection (DeR) and simultaneous resection (SiR). METHODS: From January 2007 to December 2016, data from patients undergoing surgery at Peking University Cancer Hospital for synchronous colorectal liver metastases were retrospectively collected. The above three different surgical strategies were compared. RESULTS: A total of 233 cases were included, with 49 in the SeR group, 98 in the DeR group and 86 in the SiR group. The incidence of severe complications was 26.7% in the SiR group, higher than that in the DeR group (11.2%, P = 0.007) and the SeR group (16.3%, P = 0.166). The overall survival at 1 and 3 years in the SeR group (93.9 and 50.1%) was lower than that in the DeR group (94.9 and 64.8%, P = 0.019), but not significantly different from that in the SiR group (93.0 and 55.2%, P = 0.378). Recurrence-free survival at 1 and 3 years in the SeR group (22.4 and 18.4%) was lower than that in the DeR group (43.9 and 24.2%, P = 0.033) but not significantly different from that in the SiR group (31.4 and 19.6%, P = 0.275). Cox multivariate analysis indicated that T4, lymph node-positive primary tumour, liver metastases > 30 mm and SiR (compared with DeR) were correlated with poor prognosis. CONCLUSION: Simultaneous resection has a relatively higher incidence of severe complications, and with a staged resection strategy, the prognosis of delayed resection was better than that of sequential resection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
16.
Viruses ; 11(12)2019 12 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817575

RESUMO

The pathogenicity of the shrew-borne Imjin virus (MJNV) is unknown. The objective of our study was to find serological evidence of MJNV infection in humans. Partial MJNV nucleocapsid protein (NP) was cloned and expressed as an antigen for double-antigen sandwich ELISA, IgM capture ELISA, and dot blot to detect MJNV specific antibodies in hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) patients' and healthy persons' sera from endemic areas in China. The purified recombinant NP reacted with neither the 90 healthy individuals' sera from non-endemic areas of MJNV nor the 100 antisera to HFRS-causing virus, indicating that the MJNV NP had no cross-reaction with normal human sera and HFRS-causing viral antibodies. As determined by screening ELISA and dot blot analysis, IgG antibodies against MJNV NP were detected in sera from two of 385 healthy individuals from MJNV-endemic areas, suggesting infection with MJNV or MJNV-like thottimvirus. Based on the suggestive evidence, healthcare workers should be alert to febrile diseases occurring among individuals with exposure to shrew-infested habitats.


Assuntos
Infecções por Hantavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Hantavirus/virologia , Hantavirus , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Especificidade de Anticorpos/imunologia , Reações Cruzadas , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Hantavirus/classificação , Hantavirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Hantavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Hantavirus/imunologia , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/diagnóstico , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/imunologia , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/virologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo/imunologia , Prevalência , Testes Sorológicos
17.
Light Sci Appl ; 8: 108, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31798847

RESUMO

For long distance optical interconnects, 1.3-µm surface-emitting lasers are key devices. However, the low output power of several milliwatts limits their application. In this study, by introducing a two-dimensional photonic-crystal and using InAs quantum dots as active materials, a continuous-wave, 13.3-mW output power, 1.3-µm wavelength, room-temperature surface-emitting laser is achieved. In addition, such a device can be operated at high temperatures of up to 90 °C. The enhanced output power results from the flat band structure of the photonic crystal and an extra feedback mechanism. Surface emission is realized by photonic crystal diffraction and thus the distributed Bragg reflector is eliminated. The proposed device provides a means to overcome the limitations of low-power 1.3-µm surface-emitting lasers and increase the number of applications thereof.

18.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(47): 13061-13072, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738551

RESUMO

In this study, we purified three new sesquiterpenyl epoxy-cyclohexenoid (SEC) analogues, arthrobotrisin D (11) and its two derivatives, from nematode-trapping fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora. Our results revealed that arthrobotrisin type SEC metabolites could be detected in all the test fungal strains from geographically distinct regions grown on different nutrient media, indicative of unique diagnostic character as chemical indicators for A. oligospora. The time course designs over short-term intervals of the fungus under direct contact and indirect contact with living or dead nematodes revealed that arthrobotrisin B and D (6 and 11) displayed significant relationships (positive or negative correlation) with fungal saprophytic and pathogenic stages during a nematode predation event. Interestingly, fungus on nutrient-limiting medium conducive to fungal trap formation could rapidly drop the concentration levels of arthrobotrisins B and D within 6 h when dead nematodes were around, in great contrast to that for living nematodes. Moreover, only in the fungal strain under direct contact with living dominant soil bacteria, arthrobotrisins B and D exhibited significant increase in amounts. Among them, the new SEC, arthrobotrisin D (11) was found to be a key unique metabolic signal for fungal colony growth and fungal interaction with prey and bacteria. Our study suggested that chemical analysis of SEC metabolites in A. oligospora provides a window into the fungal growth status and much valuable information about ecological environments associated with the nematode infections.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/química , Compostos de Epóxi/química , Nematoides/microbiologia , Sesquiterpenos/química , Animais , Ascomicetos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Compostos de Epóxi/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Sesquiterpenos/metabolismo
19.
Hortic Res ; 6: 100, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666961

RESUMO

Heat stress is a serious and widespread threat to the quality and yield of many crop species, including grape (Vitis vinifera L.), which is cultivated worldwide. Here, we conducted phosphoproteomic and acetylproteomic analyses of leaves of grape plants cultivated under four distinct temperature regimes. The phosphorylation or acetylation of a total of 1011 phosphoproteins with 1828 phosphosites and 96 acetyl proteins with 148 acetyl sites changed when plants were grown at 35 °C, 40 °C, and 45 °C in comparison with the proteome profiles of plants grown at 25 °C. The greatest number of changes was observed at the relatively high temperatures. Functional classification and enrichment analysis indicated that phosphorylation, rather than acetylation, of serine/arginine-rich splicing factors was involved in the response to high temperatures. This finding is congruent with previous observations by which alternative splicing events occurred more frequently in grapevine under high temperature. Changes in acetylation patterns were more common than changes in phosphorylation patterns in photosynthesis-related proteins at high temperatures, while heat-shock proteins were associated more with modifications involving phosphorylation than with those involving acetylation. Nineteen proteins were identified with changes associated with both phosphorylation and acetylation, which is consistent with crosstalk between these posttranslational modification types.

20.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 14(1): 331, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31641875

RESUMO

In this paper, an anomalous spectral data of distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) emitting around 7.6 µm is presented. The two-section DBR lasers, consisting of a gain section and an unpumped Bragg reflector, display an output power above 0.6 W in continuous wave (CW) mode at room temperature. The anomalous spectral data is defined as a longitudinal mode which moves toward shorter wavelengths with increasing temperature or injection current, which is unexpected. Although the longer wavelength modes are expected to start lasing when raising device temperature or injection current, occasional mode hops to a shorter wavelength are seen. These anomalous mode transitions are explained by means of modal analysis. The thermal-induced change of the refractive index implied by an increase in the temperature or injection current yields nearly periodic transitions between cavity modes.

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