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1.
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol ; 318(6): F1369-F1376, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32308018

RESUMO

Cytochrome P-450 (Cyp) epoxygenase-dependent metabolites of arachidonic acid (AA) have been shown to inhibit renal Na+ transport, and inhibition of Cyp-epoxygenase is associated with salt-sensitive hypertension. We used the patch-clamp technique to examine whether Cyp-epoxygenase-dependent AA metabolites inhibited the basolateral 40-pS K+ channel (Kir4.1/Kir5.1) in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT). Application of AA inhibited the basolateral 40-pS K+ channel in the DCT. The inhibitory effect of AA on the 40-pS K+ channel was specific because neither linoleic nor oleic acid was able to mimic the effect of AA on the K+ channel. Inhibition of Cyp-monooxygenase with N-methylsulfonyl-12,12-dibromododec-11-enamide or inhibition of cyclooxygenase with indomethacin failed to abolish the inhibitory effect of AA on the 40-pS K+ channel. However, the inhibition of Cyp-epoxygenase with N-methylsulfonyl-6-(propargyloxyphenyl)hexanamide abolished the effect of AA on the 40-pS K+ channel in the DCT. Moreover, addition of either 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) or 14,15-EET also inhibited the 40-pS K+ channel in the DCT. Whole cell recording demonstrated that application of AA decreased, whereas N-methylsulfonyl-6-(propargyloxyphenyl)hexanamide treatment increased, Ba2+-sensitive K+ currents in the DCT. Finally, application of 14,15-EET but not AA was able to inhibit the basolateral 40-pS K+ channel in the DCT of Cyp2c44-/- mice. We conclude that Cyp-epoxygenase-dependent AA metabolites inhibit the basolateral Kir4.1/Kir5.1 in the DCT and that Cyp2c44-epoxygenase plays a role in the regulation of the basolateral K+ channel in the mouse DCT.

2.
Am J Nephrol ; : 1-10, 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lack of consensus criteria of acute on chronic kidney injury (ACKI) affects the judgment for its clinical prognosis. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed the data from 711,615 hospitalized adults who had at least 2 serum creatinine (SCr) tests within 30 days. We estimated the reference change value (RCV) of SCr given initial SCr level in adults without known risks of acute kidney injury other than chronic kidney disease (CKD). We proposed a criterion for ACKI based on the RCV of SCr (cROCK), which defined ACKI as a ≥25% increase in SCr in 7 days. We validated cROCK by its association with the risks of in-hospital mortality, death after discharge, and CKD progression in a large cohort of patients with CKD stage 3. RESULTS: In 21,661 patients with CKD stage 3, a total of 3,145 (14.5%), 1,512 (7.0%), and 221 (1.0%) ACKI events were detected by both cROCK and Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO), cROCK only, and KDIGO only, respectively. cROCK detected 40% more ACKI events than KDIGO. Compared with patients without ACKI by both definitions, those with cROCK- but not KDIGO-defined ACKI had a significantly increased risk of in-hospital mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 5.53; 95% CI 3.75-8.16), death after discharge (HR 1.51; 95% CI 1.21-1.83), and CKD progression (OR 5.65; 95% CI 3.05-10.48). CONCLUSIONS: RCV-based criterion (cROCK) for ACKI is clinically valid in that it has a substantially improved sensitivity in identifying patients with high risk of adverse outcomes.

3.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 16, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952490

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to compare the perioperative safety and long-term survival of patients with synchronous colorectal liver metastases undergoing sequential resection (SeR), delayed resection (DeR) and simultaneous resection (SiR). METHODS: From January 2007 to December 2016, data from patients undergoing surgery at Peking University Cancer Hospital for synchronous colorectal liver metastases were retrospectively collected. The above three different surgical strategies were compared. RESULTS: A total of 233 cases were included, with 49 in the SeR group, 98 in the DeR group and 86 in the SiR group. The incidence of severe complications was 26.7% in the SiR group, higher than that in the DeR group (11.2%, P = 0.007) and the SeR group (16.3%, P = 0.166). The overall survival at 1 and 3 years in the SeR group (93.9 and 50.1%) was lower than that in the DeR group (94.9 and 64.8%, P = 0.019), but not significantly different from that in the SiR group (93.0 and 55.2%, P = 0.378). Recurrence-free survival at 1 and 3 years in the SeR group (22.4 and 18.4%) was lower than that in the DeR group (43.9 and 24.2%, P = 0.033) but not significantly different from that in the SiR group (31.4 and 19.6%, P = 0.275). Cox multivariate analysis indicated that T4, lymph node-positive primary tumour, liver metastases > 30 mm and SiR (compared with DeR) were correlated with poor prognosis. CONCLUSION: Simultaneous resection has a relatively higher incidence of severe complications, and with a staged resection strategy, the prognosis of delayed resection was better than that of sequential resection.

4.
Light Sci Appl ; 8: 108, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31798847

RESUMO

For long distance optical interconnects, 1.3-µm surface-emitting lasers are key devices. However, the low output power of several milliwatts limits their application. In this study, by introducing a two-dimensional photonic-crystal and using InAs quantum dots as active materials, a continuous-wave, 13.3-mW output power, 1.3-µm wavelength, room-temperature surface-emitting laser is achieved. In addition, such a device can be operated at high temperatures of up to 90 °C. The enhanced output power results from the flat band structure of the photonic crystal and an extra feedback mechanism. Surface emission is realized by photonic crystal diffraction and thus the distributed Bragg reflector is eliminated. The proposed device provides a means to overcome the limitations of low-power 1.3-µm surface-emitting lasers and increase the number of applications thereof.

5.
Viruses ; 11(12)2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817575

RESUMO

The pathogenicity of the shrew-borne Imjin virus (MJNV) is unknown. The objective of our study was to find serological evidence of MJNV infection in humans. Partial MJNV nucleocapsid protein (NP) was cloned and expressed as an antigen for double-antigen sandwich ELISA, IgM capture ELISA, and dot blot to detect MJNV specific antibodies in hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) patients' and healthy persons' sera from endemic areas in China. The purified recombinant NP reacted with neither the 90 healthy individuals' sera from non-endemic areas of MJNV nor the 100 antisera to HFRS-causing virus, indicating that the MJNV NP had no cross-reaction with normal human sera and HFRS-causing viral antibodies. As determined by screening ELISA and dot blot analysis, IgG antibodies against MJNV NP were detected in sera from two of 385 healthy individuals from MJNV-endemic areas, suggesting infection with MJNV or MJNV-like thottimvirus. Based on the suggestive evidence, healthcare workers should be alert to febrile diseases occurring among individuals with exposure to shrew-infested habitats.

6.
Hortic Res ; 6: 100, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666961

RESUMO

Heat stress is a serious and widespread threat to the quality and yield of many crop species, including grape (Vitis vinifera L.), which is cultivated worldwide. Here, we conducted phosphoproteomic and acetylproteomic analyses of leaves of grape plants cultivated under four distinct temperature regimes. The phosphorylation or acetylation of a total of 1011 phosphoproteins with 1828 phosphosites and 96 acetyl proteins with 148 acetyl sites changed when plants were grown at 35 °C, 40 °C, and 45 °C in comparison with the proteome profiles of plants grown at 25 °C. The greatest number of changes was observed at the relatively high temperatures. Functional classification and enrichment analysis indicated that phosphorylation, rather than acetylation, of serine/arginine-rich splicing factors was involved in the response to high temperatures. This finding is congruent with previous observations by which alternative splicing events occurred more frequently in grapevine under high temperature. Changes in acetylation patterns were more common than changes in phosphorylation patterns in photosynthesis-related proteins at high temperatures, while heat-shock proteins were associated more with modifications involving phosphorylation than with those involving acetylation. Nineteen proteins were identified with changes associated with both phosphorylation and acetylation, which is consistent with crosstalk between these posttranslational modification types.

7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(47): 13061-13072, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738551

RESUMO

In this study, we purified three new sesquiterpenyl epoxy-cyclohexenoid (SEC) analogues, arthrobotrisin D (11) and its two derivatives, from nematode-trapping fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora. Our results revealed that arthrobotrisin type SEC metabolites could be detected in all the test fungal strains from geographically distinct regions grown on different nutrient media, indicative of unique diagnostic character as chemical indicators for A. oligospora. The time course designs over short-term intervals of the fungus under direct contact and indirect contact with living or dead nematodes revealed that arthrobotrisin B and D (6 and 11) displayed significant relationships (positive or negative correlation) with fungal saprophytic and pathogenic stages during a nematode predation event. Interestingly, fungus on nutrient-limiting medium conducive to fungal trap formation could rapidly drop the concentration levels of arthrobotrisins B and D within 6 h when dead nematodes were around, in great contrast to that for living nematodes. Moreover, only in the fungal strain under direct contact with living dominant soil bacteria, arthrobotrisins B and D exhibited significant increase in amounts. Among them, the new SEC, arthrobotrisin D (11) was found to be a key unique metabolic signal for fungal colony growth and fungal interaction with prey and bacteria. Our study suggested that chemical analysis of SEC metabolites in A. oligospora provides a window into the fungal growth status and much valuable information about ecological environments associated with the nematode infections.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/química , Compostos de Epóxi/química , Nematoides/microbiologia , Sesquiterpenos/química , Animais , Ascomicetos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Compostos de Epóxi/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Sesquiterpenos/metabolismo
8.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 14(1): 331, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31641875

RESUMO

In this paper, an anomalous spectral data of distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) emitting around 7.6 µm is presented. The two-section DBR lasers, consisting of a gain section and an unpumped Bragg reflector, display an output power above 0.6 W in continuous wave (CW) mode at room temperature. The anomalous spectral data is defined as a longitudinal mode which moves toward shorter wavelengths with increasing temperature or injection current, which is unexpected. Although the longer wavelength modes are expected to start lasing when raising device temperature or injection current, occasional mode hops to a shorter wavelength are seen. These anomalous mode transitions are explained by means of modal analysis. The thermal-induced change of the refractive index implied by an increase in the temperature or injection current yields nearly periodic transitions between cavity modes.

9.
Chin J Nat Med ; 17(7): 490-497, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514980

RESUMO

Current study systematically investigated the interaction of two alkaloids, anisodine and monocrotaline, with organic cation transporter OCT1, 2, 3, MATE1 and MATE2-K by using in vitro stably transfected HEK293 cells. Both anisodine and monocrotaline inhibited the OCTs and MATE transporters. The lowest IC50 was 12.9 µmol·L-1 of anisodine on OCT1 and the highest was 1.8 mmol·L-1 of monocrotaline on OCT2. Anisodine was a substrate of OCT2 (Km = 13.3 ± 2.6 µmol·L-1 and Vmax = 286.8 ± 53.6 pmol/mg protein/min). Monocrotaline was determined to be a substrate of both OCT1 (Km = 109.1 ± 17.8 µmol·L-1, Vmax = 576.5 ± 87.5 pmol/mg protein/min) and OCT2 (Km = 64.7 ± 14.8 µmol·L-1, Vmax = 180.7 ± 22.0 pmol/mg protein/min), other than OCT3 and MATE transporters. The results indicated that OCT2 may be important for renal elimination of anisodine and OCT1 was responsible for monocrotaline uptake into liver. However neither MATE1 nor MATE2-K could facilitate transcellular transport of anisodine and monocrotaline. Accumulation of these drugs in the organs with high OCT1 expression (liver) and OCT2 expression (kidney) may be expected.


Assuntos
Monocrotalina/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions Orgânicos/metabolismo , Derivados da Escopolamina/metabolismo , Transporte Biológico , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular , Expressão Gênica , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Estrutura Molecular , Monocrotalina/química , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions Orgânicos/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions Orgânicos/genética , Derivados da Escopolamina/química
10.
Am J Physiol Cell Physiol ; 317(4): C776-C787, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390228

RESUMO

Vulnerable plaques in advanced atherosclerosis have defective efferocytosis. The role of ANG II in the progression of atherosclerosis is not fully understood. Herein, we investigated the effects and the underlying mechanisms of ANG II on macrophage efferocytosis in advanced atherosclerosis. ANG II decreased the surface expression of Mer tyrosine kinase (MerTK) in macrophages through a disintegrin and metalloproteinase17 (ADAM17)-mediated shedding of the soluble form of MerTK (sMer) in the medium, which led to efferocytosis suppression. ANG II-activated ADAM17 required reactive oxygen species (ROS) and p38 MAPK phosphorylation. Selective angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) blocker losartan suppressed ROS production, and ROS scavenger N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) prevented p38 MAPK phosphorylation. In addition, mutant MERTKΔ483-488 was resistant to ANG II-induced MerTK shedding and efferocytosis suppression. The advanced atherosclerosis model that is characterized by larger necrotic cores, and less collagen content was established by feeding apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE-/-) mice with a high-fat diet for 16 wk. NAC and losartan oral administration prevented atherosclerotic lesion progression. Meanwhile, the inefficient efferocytosis represented by decreased macrophage-associated apoptotic cells and decreased MerTK+CD68+double-positive macrophages in advanced atherosclerosis were prevented by losartan and NAC. Additionally, the serum levels of sMer were increased and positively correlated with the upregulated levels of ANG II in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. In conclusion, ANG II promotes MerTK shedding via AT1R/ROS/p38 MAPK/ADAM17 pathway in macrophages, which led to defective efferocytosis and atherosclerosis progression. Defining the molecular mechanisms of defective efferocytosis may provide a promising prognosis and therapy for ACS patients.

11.
Acta Trop ; 199: 105130, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400300

RESUMO

Bats have been identified as the hosts of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in recent years and bats HBV can infect human hepatocyte. We investigated the prevalence and genetic diversity of HBV in bats in China. In this study, a total of 197 insectivorous bats belonging to 10 bat species were captured from karst caves in Mengyin County, Shandong Province and Xianning City, Hubei Province, China. PCR amplification indicated that in total 6.6% (13/197) bats were positive to HBVs. The HBV positive rate in bats was 7.1% (9/127) and 5.7% (4/70) in Shandong Province and Hubei Province, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that HBV from the two places were in the same cluster with 90.5%-99.5% homology, but distinct from bat HBVs from other places in China and other countries. We concluded that HBV was prevalent and genetic diversified in bats, supporting the hypothesis that bats may be the origin of primate hepadnaviruses.


Assuntos
Quirópteros/virologia , Variação Genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite B/veterinária , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Eletroforese em Gel de Ágar/veterinária , Genótipo , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite B/virologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/classificação , Humanos , Fígado/virologia , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária , Prevalência
12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(34): 31237-31244, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397997

RESUMO

Porous structure possesses full potentials to develop high-performance thermoelectric materials with low lattice thermal conductivity. In this study, the n-type porous nanostructured Bi2Te3 pellet is fabricated by sintering Bi2Te3 nanoplates synthesized with a facile solvothermal method. With adequate sublimations of Bi2TeO5 during the spark plasma sintering, homogeneously distributed pores and dense grain boundaries are successfully introduced into the Bi2Te3 matrix, causing strong phonon scatterings, from which an ultralow lattice thermal conductivity of <0.1 W m-1 K-1 is achieved in the porous nanostructured Bi2Te3 pellet. With the well-maintained decent electrical performance, a power factor of 10.57 µW cm-1 K-2 at 420 K, as well as the reduced lattice thermal conductivity, secured a promising zT value of 0.97 at 420 K, which is among the highest values reported for pure n-type Bi2Te3. This study provides the insight of realizing ultralow lattice thermal conductivity by synergistic phonon scatterings of pores and nanostructure in the n-type Bi2Te3-based thermoelectric materials.

13.
Metab Syndr Relat Disord ; 17(7): 374-379, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31211636

RESUMO

Background: Insulin resistance (IR) is the common pathophysiology of prehypertension and prediabetes. Recognition of IR in one of the two disease states is critical for carrying out preventive strategies of another disease state. This study aimed to explore which simple IR indexes were significantly associated with prehypertension in subjects with normoglycemia. Methods: A total of 108,370 adults without elevated fasting plasma glucose and hypertension were included in this study. The three simple IR indexes [triglycerides to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio, the product of fasting triglycerides and glucose, and metabolic score for IR (METS-IR)] were calculated. Partial correlation was used to analyze the correlation between the three indicators and blood pressure (BP) levels, and logistic regression analysis was used to explore their association with prehypertension. Results: Among the three indicators, only METS-IR had positive correlations with systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels. Furthermore, METS-IR was also significantly associated with prehypertension, irrespective of the categorization of waist circumference (WC). The odds ratios of the highest quartile were 2.223 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.044-2.417) in all subjects, 2.022 (95% CI: 1.501-2.725) in elevated WC subgroup, and 1.815 (95% CI: 1.620-2.034) in normal WC subgroup. Conclusions: METS-IR was associated with prehypertension in normoglycemic Chinese subjects, which bypasses the impact of WC and might be valuable for the management of prehypertension and the prevention of prediabetes in different ethnic groups.

14.
Ann Hematol ; 98(9): 2163-2177, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243569

RESUMO

In allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients, reactivation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) can cause post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD), which may rapidly progress to multiorgan failure and even death. Development of EBV PTLD correlates very closely with use of anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) and type of transplant. To assess the incidences and clinical features of EBV DNAemia and PTLD in the setting of stem cell transplantation using unmanipulated G-CSF-primed allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells as graft, we performed a retrospective analysis of stem cell transplantation from HLA-matched sibling donors (MSD-SCT, n = 90) or HLA-haploidentical related donors (HID-SCT, n = 110) in patients with hematological malignancies. All of HID-SCT recipients and 27.8% of MSD-SCT recipients received an ATG-containing conditioning regimen. One-year cumulative incidence of EBV DNAemia was 44.1%, ranging from 4.8% in MSD-SCT recipients not using ATG to 20.0% in MSD-SCT recipients using ATG, and 73.7% in HID-SCT recipients. Risk factors for EBV reactivation included use of ATG (p = 0.008), male donor (p = 0.034), and cytomegalovirus DNAemia (p < 0.001). One-year incidence of EBV PTLD was 11.9%, ranging from 1.8% in recipients of MSD-SCT not using ATG to 4.4% in recipients of MSD-SCT using ATG, and 23.5% in recipients of HID-SCT. Risk factors for PTLD after HID-SCT included in fludarabine-containing conditioning regimen (p = 0.010), cytomegalovirus DNAemia (p = 0.036), and patient's age < 40-yr (p = 0.032). Two-year non-relapse mortality was higher for patients with EBV DNAemia than those without EBV DNAemia (35.8% vs. 15.3%, p = 0.002). One-year relapse-free survival and overall survival among patients with PTLD were 40.2% and 44.9%, respectively, as opposed to 63.4% and 68.4% among patients without PTLD (both p < 0.05). In multivariate analyses, EBV DNAemia predicted a lower risk of relapse (p = 0.025), while PTLD was a marginally significant predictor of relapse (p = 0.092). This study identified patients at risk of EBV reactivation and PTLD after unmanipulated allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.


Assuntos
DNA Viral/sangue , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Herpesvirus Humano 4/metabolismo , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue Periférico , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/sangue , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/mortalidade , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/terapia , Feminino , Neoplasias Hematológicas/sangue , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/virologia , Humanos , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/sangue , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/mortalidade , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/terapia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Irmãos , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 14(1): 123, 2019 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945027

RESUMO

High-power, low-threshold stable single-mode operation buried distributed feedback quantum cascade laser by incorporating sampled grating emitting at λ ~ 4.87 µm is demonstrated. The high continuous wave (CW) output power of 948 mW and 649 mW for a 6-mm and 4-mm cavity length is obtained at 20 °C, respectively, which benefits from the optimized optical field distribution of sampled grating. The single-mode yields of the devices are obviously enhanced by controlling cleaved positions of the two end facets precisely. As a result, stable single-mode emission and mode tuning linearly without any mode hopping of devices are obtained under the different heat sink temperatures or high injection currents.

16.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 25(5): 992-995, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002060

RESUMO

PCR amplification indicated the minimum infection rate of Rickettsia spp. was 0.66% in Haemaphysalis longicornis ticks collected from Shandong Province, China. Phylogenetic analysis based on the rrs, gltA, ompA, and ompB genes indicated that the ticks carried R. japonica, Candidatus Rickettsia longicornii, and a novel Rickettsia species related to R. canadensis.


Assuntos
Rickettsia/classificação , Rickettsia/genética , Carrapatos/microbiologia , Animais , China/epidemiologia , DNA Bacteriano , Humanos , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , /microbiologia
17.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 351, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31031622

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) represents a group of intestinal disorders with self-destructive and chronic inflammation in the digestive tract, requiring long-term medications. However, as many side effects and drug resistance are frequently encountered, safer and more effective agents for IBD treatment are urgently needed. Over the past few decades, a variety of natural alkaloids made of plants or medicinal herbs have attracted considerable interest because of the excellent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties; additionally, these alkaloids have been reported to reduce the colonic inflammation and damage in a range of colitic models. In this review paper, we summarize the recent findings regarding the anti-colitis activity of plant-derived alkaloids and emphasize their therapeutic potential for the treatment of IBD; obvious improvement of the colonic oxidative and pro-inflammatory status, significant preservation of the epithelial barrier function and positive modulation of the gut microbiota are the underlying mechanisms for the plant-derived alkaloids to treat IBD. Further clinical trials and preclinical studies to unravel the molecular mechanism are essential to promote the clinical translation of plant-derived alkaloids for IBD.

18.
J Wildl Dis ; 55(4): 940-943, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31009304

RESUMO

To understand the potential role of bats in the epidemiology of Leptospira, we investigated the frequency of Leptospira in bats from Central China in 2018. Sixty bats belonging to four species of two families were captured from rural areas of Xianning City, Hubei Province, China. We extracted DNA from the kidneys of bats, and Leptospira spp. were determined by PCR amplification of the rrs2, flaB, lipL32, and secY genes. We found that 57% (34/60) of bats were positive for Leptospira with at least one of the four genes, and the positive rate of Leptospira in bats was 45% (27/60) with rrs2, 50% (30/60) with flaB, 15% (9/60) with lipL32, and 27% (16/60) with secY. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that bats were infected with two species of Leptospira, including Leptospira interrogans and Leptospira borgpetersenii. A high prevalence of Leptospira spp. in bats suggested that bats were important carriers of Leptospira in China.

19.
J Hypertens ; 37(6): 1167-1175, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31026243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerotic diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide. This study aimed to investigate the predictors of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) progression in a Chinese cohort over a 12-year follow-up period and to determine whether these predictors differ by follow-up time. METHODS: A total of 202 participants were recruited from a previously established cohort in Shaanxi Province, China. Both baPWV and CIMT were measured in 2013 and 2017. Multivariable regression was used to determine the predictors of CIMT and baPWV progression. RESULTS: Men had higher CIMT and baPWV and a higher rate of CIMT progression during two follow-ups than women. A 4-year change in SBP was associated with baPWV progression, whereas a 12-year change in DBP was associated with baPWV progression. The increased progression of baPWV presented a linear trend when subgrouping all the participants according to SBP and DBP changes over 4 and 12 years, respectively. In addition, heart rate (HR) change over 4 and 12 years was consistently associated with CIMT progression, and a linear trend was also seen when subgrouping the population. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that SBP and DBP contributed differently in different stages to the progression of arterial stiffness in this Chinese cohort. Moreover, HR was consistently involved in the increased progression of CIMT in all periods. These findings underline the importance of early detection and control of blood pressure and resting HR for the prevention of arterial stiffness progression.

20.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 1907-1920, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30881117

RESUMO

Introduction: In this meta-analysis, we analyzed retrospective cohort studies that assessed the prognostic potential of the pretreatment lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) among patients with ovarian cancer (OC). Materials and methods: We comprehensively searched electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase, from inception through October 2018. A random-effects model was used to calculate pooled HRs and their 95% CIs for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). The low LMR group was treated as the reference group. Results: Twelve studies, including 3,346 OC cases at baseline, were included. Overall, our results indicated that LMR was positively associated with both OS (HR: 1.85, 95% CI: 1.50-2.28, P<0.001; I 2=76.5%) and PFS (HR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.49-1.94, P<0.001; I 2=24.4%) among OC patients. Stratified analyses indicated that, for OS, the LMR's protective effect was more evident in studies conducted among younger patients (<55 years) than in those conducted among older patients (≥55 years; P for interaction =0.017), which was confirmed by meta-regression analysis (P=0.004). Conclusion: This study suggested that a higher pretreatment LMR level was associated with a favorable prognosis among OC patients. Future large-scale prospective clinical trials are needed to confirm the prognostic value of LMR among OC patients.

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