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1.
Chaos ; 31(6): 063132, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34241291

RESUMO

Global analysis of fractional systems is a challenging topic due to the memory property. Without the Markov assumption, the cell mapping method cannot be directly applied to investigate the global dynamics of such systems. In this paper, an improved cell mapping method based on dimension-extension is developed to study the global dynamics of fractional systems. The evolution process is calculated by introducing additional auxiliary variables. Through this treatment, the nonlocal problem is localized in a higher dimension space. Thus, the one-step mappings are successfully described by Markov chains. Global dynamics of fractional systems can be obtained through the proposed method without memory losses. Simulations of the point mapping show great accuracy and efficiency of the method. Abundant global dynamics behaviors are found in the fractional smooth and discontinuous oscillator.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234056

RESUMO

Yellow Croaker Ear-stone or Yunaoshi, is actually two kinds of fish otolith in China and has received increased attention in recent years as important folk medicine. For better understanding of this crude drug, a chaotic market circulation status investigation was carried out and seventeen samples with different varieties or producing areas were collected. In this study, pharmacodynamic components of nineteen varieties mineral elements of the seventeen samples were simultaneous determined by Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) method. The detected elements were categorized into the beneficial (Na, Mg, Ca, K, Fe, Mn, Zn, Sr, B) and unbeneficial elements (Cu, As, Cd, Hg, Al, Pb, Co, Ba, Cr and Ni) kinds and their concentrations were quantified. Then the principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA) were further applied to launch an exploratory analysis for Yunaoshi samples. The results showed that samples 1-3, 15-8, 15-3 ranked the top three from the perspective of beneficial elements and samples 1-3, 1-4, 15-2 ranked the top three based on the unbeneficial elements sides. Combined with HCA results, all samples can be used as the substitutes for Yunaoshi except for samples 1-3, 1-4 and 15-2 only judging from the perspective of mineral elements concentrations. In conclusion, simultaneous determination of mineral elements accompanied with PCA and HCA can not only provide pharmacogenetic reference for the medicinal material of Yunaoshi, but also establish a feasibility for exploring new crude resources or substitutes to this medicine.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic screening and adherence to a healthy lifestyle are major avenues for colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention. We investigated changes in lifestyles after endoscopic screening. METHODS: We drew data from 76,303 pairs of time- and age-matched individuals who had and had not, respectively, reported first time endoscopic screening, in the three cohorts (Nurses' Health Study I and II and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study). Detailed information was collected every 2-4 years on endoscopy screening, 12 lifestyle factors (including smoking, physical activity, regular use of aspirin/non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, body weight, and 8 dietary factors), and adherence to a healthy lifestyle based on a score defined by 5 major lifestyle factors (smoking, alcohol, body weight, physical activity, and diet). We assessed changes in lifestyle from pre- to post-screening periods for the matched pairs. We also conducted subgroup analysis according to screening findings (negative, low- and high-risk polyps, and CRC). RESULTS: Endoscopic screening was associated with higher prevalence of adherence to a healthy lifestyle (odds ratio [OR] = 1.09, 95% CI, 1.04, 1.16). The association strengthened with the severity of the screening findings, OR (95% CI) of 1.09 (1.03, 1.15) for negative screening, 1.19 (1.07, 1.33) for low-risk polyps, 1.42 (1.14, 1.77) for high-risk polyps, and 1.55 (1.17, 2.05) for CRC. The individual lifestyle factors and diet showed modest change. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic screening was associated with a modest improvement in healthy lifestyles, particularly in individuals with more severe endoscopic findings. Further efforts of integrating lifestyle medicine into the screening setting are needed, to better leverage the teachable moment in improving CRC prevention.

4.
Inflamm Res ; 70(7): 753-764, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212215

RESUMO

Janus kinase/signal transduction and transcriptional activator (JAK/STAT) signaling pathway is a transport hub for cytokine secretion and exerts its effects. The activation of JAK/STAT signaling pathway is essential for the regulation of inflammatory responses. Inappropriate activation or deletion of JAK/STAT signaling pathway is the initiator of the inflammatory response. JAK/STAT signaling pathway has been demonstrated to be involved in the process of innate and adaptive immune response to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In this review, we discuss the role of the JAK/STAT signaling pathway in the regulation of different cells in IBD, as well as new findings on the involvement of the JAK/STAT signaling pathway in the regulation of the intestinal immune response. The current status of JAK inhibitors in the treatment of IBD is summarized as well. This review highlights natural remedies that can serve as potential JAK inhibitors. These phytochemicals may be useful in the identification of precursor compounds in the process of designing and developing novel JAK inhibitors.

5.
Clin Biochem ; 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34252448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The renal biopsy is an accurate and reliable gold standard for membranous nephropathy (MN) diagnosis. However, it is an invasive procedure involving the risk of hemorrhage or infection. Thus, an alternative approach that can facilitate the effective diagnosis and treatment monitoring of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) is urgently needed. METHODS: We established a dual-labeled time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay (TRFIA) to simultaneously detect phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R)-IgG4 and PLA2R-IgG antibodies. Utilizing this assay, we determined the ratio of autoantibodies in the serum of patients with different kidney diseases and normal controls. RESULTS: The sensitivity of TRFIA for detecting anti-PLA2R-IgG and anti-PLA2R-IgG4 was 0.12 µg/mL and 0.001 µg/mL, respectively. Human IgA did not interfere with the assay. Compared to anti-PLA2R-IgG alone, the positive rate of IMN could be increased from 86.5 % to 91.7 % through the combined use of anti-PLA2R-IgG4 and the PLA2R-IgG4/IgG ratio. In contrast, the false-positive rates for the detection of IgA nephropathy, lupus nephropathy, diabetic nephropathy, and minimal change nephropathy decreased from 25 to 50 % to 0 %. CONCLUSIONS: The dual-labeled PLA2R-IgG4/IgG-TRFIA for simultaneous detection of anti-PLA2R-IgG4 and anti-PLA2R-IgG will contribute to improved accuracy of IMN diagnosis.

6.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 43(3): 406-413, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238417

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic performance of 1.5-T non-contrast free-breathing whole-heart magnetic resonance coronary angiography(MRCA)for≥50% and≥70% coronary artery stenosis in coronary artery disease(CAD).Methods Forty-one patients clinically scheduled for invasive coronary angiography(ICA)underwent 1.5-T non-contrast free-breathing whole-heart MRCA.The diagnostic performance for≥50% and≥70% stenosis was evaluated and compared using ICA as a reference standard.Results MRCA was completed in all the 41 patients with the total acquisition time of(10.1 ± 2.2)min.The sensitivity,specificity,and accuracy of MRCA for≥50% and≥70% stenosis were 100%(95% CI:89%-100%)and 82%(95%CI:63%-94%),38%(95%CI:9%-76%)and 54%(95%CI:25%-81%),and 88%(95%CI:73%-95%)and 73%(95%CI:57%-85%)on a per-patient basis,respectively;they were 95%(95%CI:87%-99%)and 86%(95%CI:73%-95%),58%(95%CI:45%-71%)and 76%(95%CI:65%-85%),and 78%(95%CI:69%-84%)and 80%(95%CI:71%-86%)on a per-vessel basis,respectively.The sensitivity of MRCA for≥50% stenosis was higher than that for≥70% stenosis(97%vs.88%,χ 2=5.73,P=0.017),and the specificity showed an opposite trend(86% vs. 94%,χ 2=14.12,P<0.001)on a per-segment basis.Conclusions The 1.5-T non-contrast whole-heart MRCA can detect both≥50% and≥70% coronary artery stenosis with high sensitivity and accuracy.MRCA showed lower sensitivity while higher specificity for≥70% stenosis than for≥50% stenosis on a per-segment basis.


Assuntos
Estenose Coronária , Angiografia Coronária , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236059

RESUMO

By rationally choosing Pd as an active metal and Cu as a promoting metal, we developed Cu-rich CuPd bimetallic aerogels as a self-supported electrocatalyst for nitrate electroreduction. The spongy aerogel structure provides abundant catalytically active sites, while the synergistic benefit of the CuPd binary composition increases their reactivity, helping to achieve efficient nitrate-to-ammonia conversion.

8.
Cell Res ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267352

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as a new class of important regulators of signal transduction in tissue homeostasis and cancer development. Liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) occurs in a wide range of biological processes, while its role in signal transduction remains largely undeciphered. In this study, we uncovered a lipid-associated lncRNA, small nucleolar RNA host gene 9 (SNHG9) as a tumor-promoting lncRNA driving liquid droplet formation of Large Tumor Suppressor Kinase 1 (LATS1) and inhibiting the Hippo pathway. Mechanistically, SNHG9 and its associated phosphatidic acids (PA) interact with the C-terminal domain of LATS1, promoting LATS1 phase separation and inhibiting LATS1-mediated YAP phosphorylation. Loss of SNHG9 suppresses xenograft breast tumor growth. Clinically, expression of SNHG9 positively correlates with YAP activity and breast cancer progression. Taken together, our results uncover a novel regulatory role of a tumor-promoting lncRNA (i.e., SNHG9) in signal transduction and cancer development by facilitating the LLPS of a signaling kinase (i.e., LATS1).

9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4195, 2021 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1301166

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 can infect many domestic animals, including dogs. Herein, we show that dog angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (dACE2) can bind to the SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein receptor binding domain (RBD), and that both pseudotyped and authentic SARS-CoV-2 can infect dACE2-expressing cells. We solved the crystal structure of RBD in complex with dACE2 and found that the total number of contact residues, contact atoms, hydrogen bonds and salt bridges at the binding interface in this complex are slightly fewer than those in the complex of the RBD and human ACE2 (hACE2). This result is consistent with the fact that the binding affinity of RBD to dACE2 is lower than that of hACE2. We further show that a few important mutations in the RBD binding interface play a pivotal role in the binding affinity of RBD to both dACE2 and hACE2. Our work reveals a molecular basis for cross-species transmission and potential animal spread of SARS-CoV-2, and provides new clues to block the potential transmission chains of this virus.

10.
Acta Psychiatr Scand ; 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227095

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare differences in efficacy during maintenance treatment for bipolar disorder (BD) according to lithium serum levels. A multicenter retrospective cohort study and a dose-response meta-analysis were conducted. METHODS: The cohort study was conducted in Taiwan from 2001 to 2019 to identify patients with euthymic BD according to different serum levels (<0.4, 0.4-0.8, and 0.8-1.2 mmol/L). We adopted adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for time to the recurrence of mood episodes having the <0.4 mmol/L group as the reference group. Moreover, we systematically searched for related articles in major databases before January 31, 2021 (PROSPERO: CRD42021235812). We used random-effects modeling to estimate the dose-response relationships between lithium serum levels and recurrence of mood episodes, which were depicted as odds ratios (ORs) with 95% CIs. RESULTS: A total of 1406 participants (cohort: 466; meta-analysis: 940) were included. In the cohort study, the 0.4-0.8 mmol/L group was associated with a significantly lower risk of recurrences (aHR: 0.75), while the 0.8-1.2 mmol/L group had a lower risk without statistical significance (aHR: 0.77). The dose-response meta-analysis showed that with the increase in lithium serum levels, the risk decreased (linear model OR: 0.85, for every 0.1 mmol/L increase; non-linear model OR: 1.00 at 0.0 mmol/L, 0.42 at 0.4 mmol/L, and 0.27 at 0.8 mmol/L). CONCLUSION: Although confounding by indication cannot be excluded, the combined results suggest a significant preventative effect on the recurrence of major affective episodes among those with serum levels of 0.4-0.8 mmol/L.

11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4195, 2021 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234119

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 can infect many domestic animals, including dogs. Herein, we show that dog angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (dACE2) can bind to the SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein receptor binding domain (RBD), and that both pseudotyped and authentic SARS-CoV-2 can infect dACE2-expressing cells. We solved the crystal structure of RBD in complex with dACE2 and found that the total number of contact residues, contact atoms, hydrogen bonds and salt bridges at the binding interface in this complex are slightly fewer than those in the complex of the RBD and human ACE2 (hACE2). This result is consistent with the fact that the binding affinity of RBD to dACE2 is lower than that of hACE2. We further show that a few important mutations in the RBD binding interface play a pivotal role in the binding affinity of RBD to both dACE2 and hACE2. Our work reveals a molecular basis for cross-species transmission and potential animal spread of SARS-CoV-2, and provides new clues to block the potential transmission chains of this virus.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/química , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Linhagem Celular , Cricetinae , Cristalografia por Raios X , Cães , Células HeLa , Humanos , Mutação , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/química , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Internalização do Vírus
13.
JCI Insight ; 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228647

RESUMO

Glioblastoma is the most aggressive type of brain tumor with poor therapeutic response and prognosis. Passage of systemically delivered pharmacological agents into the brain is largely blocked by the blood-brain-barrier (BBB), an organotypic specialization of brain endothelial cells (EC). Tumor vessels in GBM are abnormal and more permeable, but the heterogeneity of BBB breakdown in different parts of the tumor vasculature and at the tumor's invasive front is largely unknown. Here, through single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) of freshly isolated ECs from human glioblastoma and paired tumor peripheral tissues, we have constructed a molecular atlas of human brain ECs providing unprecedented molecular insight into the heterogeneity of the human BBB and its molecular alteration in glioblastoma. We identified 5 distinct EC phenotypes representing different states of EC activation and BBB impairment, and associated with different anatomical locations within and around the tumor. This unique data resource provides key information for designing rational therapeutic regimens and optimizing drug delivery.

14.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-11, 2021 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251992

RESUMO

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is responsible for a variety of human life-threatening diseases, which include liver cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis, fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) . Computational study of protein-protein interactions between human and HCV could boost the findings of antiviral drugs in HCV therapy and might optimize the treatment procedures for HCV infections. In this analysis, we constructed a prediction model for protein-protein interactions between HCV and human by incorporating the features generated by pseudo amino acid compositions, which were then carried out at two levels: categories and features. In brief, extra-tree was initially used for feature selection while SVM was then used to build the classification model. After that, the most suitable models for each category and each feature were selected by comparing with the three ensemble learning algorithms, that is, Random Forest, Adaboost, and Xgboost. According to our results, profile-based features were more suitable for building predictive models among the four categories. AUC value of the model constructed by Xgboost algorithm on independent data set could reach 92.66%. Moreover, Distance-based Residue, Physicochemical Distance Transformation and Profile-based Physicochemical Distance Transformation performed much better among the 17 features. AUC value of the Adaboost classifier constructed by Profile-based Physicochemical Distance Transformation on the independent dataset achieved 93.74%. Taken together, we proposed a better model with improved prediction capacity for protein-protein interactions between human and HCV in this study, which could provide practical reference for further experimental investigation into HCV-related diseases in future.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

15.
Microb Pathog ; 158: 105078, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245823

RESUMO

Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) is associated with persistent root canal infection because of its biofilm and various virulence factors. However, E. faecalis exhibits extensive drug resistance. d-Alanine (D-Ala) metabolism is essential for bacterial peptidoglycan biosynthesis. d-cycloserine (DCS), a second line drug used in the treatment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, can inhibit two key enzymes in D-Ala metabolism: alanine racemase and d-alanine-d-alanine ligase. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of D-Ala metabolism on E. faecalis growth, cell wall integrity, biofilm formation and virulence gene expression by additional DCS with or without D-Ala. The results showed that DCS inhibited the planktonic growth and biofilm formation of E. faecalis in a dose-dependent manner. Both the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum biofilm inhibition concentration (MBIC) of DCS against E. faecalis were 200 µg/ml, whereas 50 µg/ml of DCS could inhibit planktonic growth and biofilm formation effectively. The addition of DCS also resulted in bacterial cell wall damage, biofilm surface roughness increase and biofilm adhesion force reduction. Moreover, the treatment of DCS downregulated the expression of asa1, esp, efaA, gelE, sprE, fsrB and ace genes. However, all of these inhibitory effects of DCS could be rescued by the addition of exogenous D-Ala. Meanwhile, DCS exhibited no toxicity to HGEs and HOKs. Therefore, D-Ala metabolic pathway in E. faecalis is a potential target for drug designing.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281226

RESUMO

Patients with Rett syndrome (RTT) show severe difficulties with communication, social withdrawl, and learning. Music-based interventions improve social interaction, communication skills, eye contact, and physical skills and reduce seizure frequency in patients with RTT. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism by which music-based interventions compromise sociability impairments in mecp2 null/y mice as an experimental RTT model. Male mecp2 null/y mice and wild-type mice (24 days old) were randomly divided into control, noise, and music-based intervention groups. Mice were exposed to music or noise for 6 h/day for 3 consecutive weeks. Behavioral patterns, including anxiety, spontaneous exploration, and sociability, were characterized using open-field and three-chamber tests. BDNF, TrkB receptor motif, and FNDC5 expression in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), hippocampus, basal ganglia, and amygdala were probed using RT-PCR or immunoblotting. mecp2 null/y mice showed less locomotion in an open field than wild-type mice. The social novelty rather than the sociability of these animals increased following a music-based intervention, suggesting that music influenced the mecp2-deletion-induced social interaction repression rather than motor deficit. Mechanically, the loss of BDNF signaling in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampal regions, but not in the basal ganglia and amygdala, was compromised following the music-based intervention in mecp2 null/y mice, whereas TrkB signaling was not significantly changed in either region. FNDC5 expression in the prefrontal cortex region in mecp2 null/y mice also increased following the music-based intervention. Collective evidence reveals that music-based interventions improve mecp2-loss-induced social dysfunction. BDNF and FNDC5 signaling in the prefrontal cortex region mediates the music-based-intervention promotion of social interactions. This study gives new insight into the mechanisms underlying the improvement of social behaviors in mice suffering from experimental Rett syndrome following a music-based intervention.

17.
Brain Stimul ; 2021 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The anterior nucleus of thalamus (ANT) has been suggested as an extended hippocampal system. The circuit of ANT and hippocampus has been widely demonstrated to be associated with memory function. Both lesions to each region and disrupting inter-regional information flow can induce working memory impairment. However, the role of this circuit in working memory precision remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To test the role of the hippocampal-anterior thalamic pathway in working memory precision, we delivered intracranially electrical stimulation to the ANT. We hypothesize that ANT stimulation can improve working memory precision. METHODS: Presurgical epilepsy patients with depth electrodes in ANT and hippocampus were recruited to perform a color-recall working memory task. Participants were instructed to point out the color they were supposed to recall by clicking a point on the color wheel, while the intracranial EEG data were synchronously recorded when participants performed the task. For randomly selected half trials, a bipolar electrical stimulation was delivered to the ANT electrodes. RESULTS: We found that compared to non-stimulation trials, working memory precision judgements were significantly improved for stimulation trials. ANT electrical stimulation significantly increased spectral power of gamma (30-100Hz) oscillations and decreased interictal epileptiform discharges (IED) in the hippocampus. Moreover, the increased gamma power during the pre-stimulus and retrieval period predicted the improvement of working memory precision judgements. CONCLUSION: ANT electrical stimulation can improve working memory precision judgements and modulate hippocampal gamma activity, providing direct evidence on the role of the human hippocampal-anterior thalamic axis in working memory precision.

18.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; : 1-5, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34223781

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is mainly caused by human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) through vasoactive mediators such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and various inflammatory factors. Our previous study showed that soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) played a protective role in PCOS by inhibiting VEGF, so wanted to explore the role of sRAGE in OHSS. METHODS: Two sets of experiments were performed in this study. In part one, sRAGE protein levels in follicular fluid (FF) samples from 60 patients with OHSS and 60 non-OHSS patients were measured by ELISA. In part two, ovarian granulosa cells were isolated from an additional 25 patients with OHSS and cultured. Then, ovarian granulosa cells were treated with different concentrations of sRAGE. Granulosa cells cultured without sRAGE stimulation were used as the control group. The levels of VEGF, amphiregulin (AREG), betacellulin (BTC), and epiregulin (EREG) mRNA were examined by quantitative RT-PCR. The protein levels of VEGF, AREG, BTC, and EREG were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: Compared with non-OHSS patients, patients with OHSS exhibited lower sRAGE levels in both serum and FF (p < .05). Treatment with sRAGE decreased the production of VEGF, and the effects were dependent on the concentration of sRAGE (p < .05). Simultaneously, the expression of the EGF-like growth factors AREG, BTC and EREG was decreased, and their expression was dependent on the concentration of sRAGE (p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: sRAGE downregulate VEGF expression in OHSS ovarian granulosa cells, in which EGF-like growth factor pathway may be involved, and sRAGE may play a potential protective role in OHSS.

19.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 280, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the third most common diagnosis. Oxaliplatin is used as first-line treatment of colon cancer. However, oxaliplatin resistance greatly reduces its therapeutic effect. SRPK1 involves in pre-mRNA splicing and tumorigenesis. How SRPK1 mediates drug resistance in colon cancer is unknown. METHODS: The expression of SRPK1 was analyzed in the TCGA and the CPTAC pan-cancer samples and detected in colon cancer cell lines and tissues by IHC and western blot. The MTT and TUNEL assay were used to verify the anti-apoptosis ability of colon cancer cell. The activation of NF-κB was determined by luciferase assay and qRT-PCR. AKT, IKK, IκB and their phosphorylation level were verified by western blot. RESULTS: We found that SRPK1 expression was the second highest in TCGA and the CPTAC pan-cancer samples. The mRNA and protein levels of SRPK1 were increased in tissues from patients with colon cancer. SRPK1 was associated with clinical stage and TNM classifications in 148 cases of colon cancer patients. High SRPK1 levels correlated with poor prognosis (p < 0.001). SRPK1 overexpression enhanced the anti-apoptosis ability of colon cancer cells, whereas SRPK1 silencing had the opposite effect under oxaliplatin treatment. Mechanistically, SRPK1 enhances IKK kinase and IκB phosphorylation to promote NF-κB nuclear translocation to confer oxaliplatin resistance. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that SRPK1 participates in colon cancer progression and enhances the anti-apoptosis capacity to induce drug resistance in colon cancer cells via NF-κB pathway activation, and thus might be a potential pharmaceutically target for colon cancer treatment.

20.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 60(4): 775-777, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247824

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We present partial monosomy 8p (8p23.2→pter) and partial trisomy 15q (15q21.2→qter) and incidental detection of a familial chromosome translocation of paternal origin in a pregnancy associated with increased nuchal translucency (NT) and an abnormal maternal serum screening result. CASE REPORT: A 29-year-old primigravid woman underwent chorionic villus sampling (CVS) at 13 weeks of gestation because of an increased NT thickness of 3.2 mm at 12 weeks of gestation and an abnormal maternal serum screening for Down syndrome result with a calculated risk of 1/29. Her husband was 33 years old, and there was no family history of congenital malformations. CVS revealed a derived chromosome 8 or der(8). Cytogenetic analysis of the parents revealed a karyotype of 46,XY,t(8;15)(p21.3;q13) in the father and a karyotype of 46,XX in the mother. The CVS result was 46,XY,der(8)t(8;15)(p21.3;q13)pat. The woman requested for amniocentesis at 16 weeks of gestation. Array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) analysis on the DNA extracted from uncultured amniocytes revealed a result of arr 8p23.3p23.2 (191,530-2,625,470) × 1.0, arr 15q21.2q26.3 (50,903,432-102,338,129) × 3.0 with a 2.434-Mb deletion of 8p23.3-p23.2 including DLGAP2, CLN8 and ARHGEF10, and a 51.435-Mb duplication of 15q21.2-q26.3 including CYP19A1 and IGF1R. Conventional cytogenetic analysis of cultured amniocytes revealed the result of 46,XY,der(8) t(8;15)(p23.2;q21.2)pat in the fetus. The pregnancy was subsequently terminated, and a malformed fetus was delivered with characteristic craniofacial dysmorphism. CONCLUSION: Maternal serum screening and NT screening may incidentally detect familial unbalanced reciprocal translocations, and aCGH analysis is useful for a precise determination of the breakpoints of the translocation and the involvement of the related genes under such a circumstance.

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