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1.
Psychiatry Res ; 306: 114219, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614443

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine the effects of different types of bullying victimization (direct, relational, and cyber) on psychological symptoms, self-harm, and suicidality (including suicidal ideation and attempts) among adolescents, and to explore whether these effects may vary by gender. The data were obtained from a cross-sectional study of adolescents (n = 11,248, 46.7% females) with a mean age of 13.83 years from grade 5 to 12 in Henan, China. A series of binary logistic regression models were conducted to estimate the associations between different types of bullying victimization and psychological symptoms, self-harm, suicidal ideation, and suicidal attempts, after adjusting for demographic covariates. All three types of bullying victimization were significantly associated with psychological symptoms, self-harm, suicidal ideation, and suicidal attempts. Adolescents who suffered from cyberbullying victimization were more likely to commit self-harm and suicidal attempts as compared to direct and relational victimization. Female adolescents who suffered from relational bullying tend to have a higher risk of suicidal attempts than male adolescents. The current study demonstrated the negative effect of bullying victimization on adolescents' adverse psychological outcomes and gender difference need to be taken into account in developing targeted intervention strategies to address bullying victimization.

2.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1178: 338847, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482880

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy has been generally developed and approved as a promising theranostic technique in recent years, which requires photosensitizers to bear high efficiency of reactive oxygen species production, precisely targeting ability and excellent biocompatibility. The real-time monitoring the microenvironments such as viscosity dynamic involved in mitophagy mediated by photodynamic therapy is significantly important to understand therapeutic process but barely reported. In this work, a pyridinium-functionalized triphenylamine derivative, (E)-4-(2-(4'-(diphenylamino)-[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)vinyl)-1-methylpyridin-1-ium iodide (Mito-I), was exploited as photosensitizer for mitochondria-targeted photodynamic therapy and as fluorescent probe for imaging the mitochondrial viscosity dynamic during mitophagy simultaneously. The results indicated that the additional phenyl ring in Mito-I was beneficial to promote its efficiency of singlet oxygen production. The excellent capability of targeting mitochondria and singlet oxygen generation allowed Mito-I for the specifically mitochondria-targeted photodynamic therapy. Moreover, Mito-I displayed off-on fluorescence response to viscosity with high selectivity and sensitivity. The observed enhancement in fluorescence intensity of Mito-I revealed the increasingly mitochondrial viscosity during mitophagy mediated by the photodynamic therapy of Mito-I. As a result, this work presents a rare example to realize the mitochondria-targeting photodynamic therapy as well as the real-time monitoring viscosity dynamic during mitophagy, which is of great importance for the basic medical research involved in photodynamic therapy.


Assuntos
Mitofagia , Fotoquimioterapia , Mitocôndrias , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Viscosidade
3.
Anal Chem ; 93(35): 12059-12066, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433261

RESUMO

Considering the multiple biological barriers before the entry of photosensitizers (PSs) into cytoplasm, it is of paramount importance to track PSs to elucidate their behaviors and distributions to guide the photodynamic therapy (PDT). Also, the developed PSs suffer from strong oxygen dependency. However, reports on such ideal theranostic platforms are rare. Herein, we developed a theranostic platform (CMTP-2) based on the coumarin-based D-π-A system, which, for the first time, can reveal the holistic intracellular delivery pathway and near-infrared (NIR)-activated mitophagy to guide synergistic type-I PDT and photothermal therapy. The dynamic endo-lysosomal escape of CMTP-2 was monitored, as well as its changeable distributions in endosomes, lysosomes, and mitochondria, demonstrating the preferential accumulation in mitochondria at the end. Upon NIR-I irradiation, CMTP-2 generated toxic radicals and heat, triggering the execution of mitophagy and apoptosis. In vivo experiments on mice indicated that CMTP-2 under 808 nm irradiation realized complete cancer ablation, showing great potential for advancements in synergistic phototherapy.


Assuntos
Mitofagia , Fotoquimioterapia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Lisossomos , Camundongos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Fototerapia , Terapia Fototérmica
4.
J Hum Hypertens ; 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790406

RESUMO

In Ghana, the management of hypertension in primary health care is a cost-effective way of addressing premature deaths from vascular disorders that include hypertension. There is little or no evidence of large-scale studies on the prevalence, risk, and knowledge/awareness of hypertension in students aged 12-22 years in Ghana. In a cross-sectional study, blood pressure, anthropometric indices, and knowledge/awareness assessment of students at second-cycle schools were recorded from 2018 to 2020 in three regions of Ghana. Multistage cluster sampling was used in selecting regions and the schools. Prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension was categorized by the Joint National Committee 7, where appropriate, chi-square, scatter plots, and correlations were used in showing associations. A total of 3165 students comprising 1776 (56.1%) females and 1389 (43.9%) males participated in this study within three regions of Ghana. The minimum age was 12 years and the maximum age was 22 years. The mean age was 17.21 with standard deviation (SD: 1.59) years. A 95% confidence interval was set for estimations and a P value < 0.05 was set as significant. The prevalence rate of overall hypertension was 19.91% and elevated (prehypertension) was 26.07%. Risk indicators such as weight, BMI, waist circumference, physical activity, and form of the diet were positively correlated with hypertension. Among Ghanaian students currently in second-cycle educational institutions, 19.91% were hypertensive and 26.07% were prehypertensive. This may indicate a probable high prevalence of hypertension in the future adult population if measures are not taken to curb the associated risks.

5.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(4): 1018-1029, 2021 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432955

RESUMO

Recently, phototherapy has attracted much attention due to its negligible invasiveness, insignificant toxicity and excellent applicability. The construction of a newly proposed nanosystem with synergistic photothermal and photodynamic tumor-eliminating properties requires a delicate structure design. In this work, a novel therapeutic nanoplatform (denoted as BCS-Ce6) based on defective cobalt hydroxide nanosheets was developed, which realized hypoxia-relieved photothermal-enhanced photodynamic therapy against cancer. Defective cobalt hydroxide exhibited high photothermal conversion efficacy at the near-infrared region (49.49% at 808 nm) as well as enhanced catalase-like activity to produce oxygen and greatly boost the singlet oxygen generation by a photosensitizer, Ce6, realizing efficacious dual-modal phototherapy. In vivo and in vitro experiments revealed that BCS-Ce6 can almost completely extinguish implanted tumors in a mouse model and present satisfactory biocompatibility during the treatment. This work sets a new angle of preparing photothermal agents and constructing comprehensive therapeutic nanosystems with the ability to modulate the hypoxic tumor microenvironment for efficient cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Hipóxia Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas/química , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cumarínicos/química , Cumarínicos/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Hidróxidos/química , Hidróxidos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Tamanho da Partícula , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Dióxido de Silício/farmacologia , Propriedades de Superfície , Tiazóis/química , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Elementos de Transição/química , Elementos de Transição/farmacologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
6.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(21): 21747-21757, 2020 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177243

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive brain disorder characterized by cognitive skills deterioration that affects many elderly individuals. The identified genetic loci for AD failed to explain the large variability in AD and very few causal factors have been identified so far. RESULTS: mvMR showed that increasing years of schooling (OR=0.674, 95%CI: 0.571-0.796, P=3.337E-06) and genetically elevated HDL cholesterol (OR ranging from 0.697 to 0.830, P=6.940E-10) were inversely associated with AD risk, genetically predicted total cholesterol (OR=1.300, 1.196 to 1.412; P=6.223E-10) and LDL cholesterol (OR=1.193, 1.097 to 1.296, P=3.564E-05) were associated with increasing AD risk. Genetically predicted FG was suggestively associated with increased AD risk. Furthermore, MR-BMA analysis also confirmed FG and years of schooling as two of the top five causal risk factors for AD. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings might provide us novel insights for treatment and intervention into the causal risk factors for AD or AD-related complex diseases. METHODS: By using extension methods of Mendelian randomization (MR)--multivariable MR (mvMR) and MR based on Bayesian model averaging (MR-BMA), we intend to estimate the potential causal relationship between nine risk factors and AD outcome and try to prioritize the most causal risk factors for AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Idoso , Glicemia , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Fatores de Risco
7.
Anal Chem ; 92(15): 10815-10821, 2020 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615754

RESUMO

Cell viability is greatly affected by external stimulus eliciting correlated dynamical physiological processes for cells to choose survival or death. A few fluorescent probes have been designed to detect whether the cell is in survival state or apoptotic state, but monitoring the regulation process of the cell undergoing survival to death remains a long-standing challenge. Herein, we highlight the in situ monitor of mitochondria regulating the cell viability by the RNA-specific fluorescent photosensitizer L. At normal conditions, L anchored mitochondria and interacted with mito-RNA to light up the mitochondria with red fluorescence. With external light stimulus, L generated reactive oxide species (ROS) and cause damage to mitochondria, which activated mitochondrial autophagy to prevent death, during which the red fluorescence of L witnessed dynamical distribution in accordance with the evolution of vacuole structures containing damaged mitochondria into autophagosomes. However, with ROS continuously increasing, the mitochondrial apoptosis was eventually commenced and L with red fluorescent was gradually accumulated in the nucleoli, indicating the programmed cell death. This work demonstrated how the delicate balance between survival and death are regulated by mitochondria.


Assuntos
Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , RNA/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Núcleo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Núcleo Celular/efeitos da radiação , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Células HeLa , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos da radiação , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos da radiação , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
8.
Inorg Chem ; 59(5): 3249-3259, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057236

RESUMO

Iron centers featuring thiolates in their metal coordination sphere (as ligands or substrates) are well-known to activate dioxygen. Both heme and non-heme centers that contain iron-thiolate bonds are found in nature. Investigating the ability of iron-thiolate model complexes to activate O2 is expected to improve the understanding of the key factors that direct reactivity to either iron or sulfur. We report here the structural and redox properties of a thiolate-based dinuclear Fe complex, [FeII2(LS)2] (LS2- = 2,2'-(2,2'-bipyridine-6,6'-iyl)bis(1,1-diphenylethanethiolate)), and its reactivity with dioxygen, in comparison with its previously reported protonated counterpart, [FeII2(LS)(LSH)]+. When reaction with O2 occurs in the absence of protons or in the presence of 1 equiv of proton (i.e., from [FeII2(LS)(LSH)]+), unsupported µ-oxo or µ-hydroxo FeIII dinuclear complexes ([FeIII2(LS)2O] and [FeIII2(LS)2(OH)]+, respectively) are generated. [FeIII2(LS)2O], reported previously but isolated here for the first time from O2 activation, is characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction and Mössbauer, resonance Raman, and NMR spectroscopies. The addition of protons leads to the release of water and the generation of a mixture of two Fe-based "oxygen-free" species. Density functional theory calculations provide insight into the formation of the µ-oxo or µ-hydroxo FeIII dimers, suggesting that a dinuclear µ-peroxo FeIII intermediate is key to reactivity, and the structure of which changes as a function of protonation state. Compared to previously reported Mn-thiolate analogues, the evolution of the peroxo intermediates to the final products is different and involves a comproportionation vs a dismutation process for the Mn and Fe derivate, respectively.

9.
Int J Equity Health ; 19(1): 6, 2020 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31906960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aging and the chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) challenge the Chinese government in the process of providing hospitalization services fairly and reasonably. The Chinese government has developed the basic medical insurance system to solve the problem of "expensive medical cost and difficult medical services" for vulnerable groups and alleviate the unfair phenomenon. However, few studies have confirmed its effect through longitudinal comparison. This study aimed to explore the trend in the inequity of inpatient use among middle-aged and elderly individuals with NCDs in China. METHODS: This longitudinal comparative study was based on CHARLS data in 2011, 2013 and 2015. Concentration index (CI) was used to measure the variation trend of inequity of inpatient services utilization, while the decomposition method of the CI was applied to measure the factors contributing to inequity in inpatient services utilization. The effect of each factor on the change of inequity in inpatient services utilization was divided into the change of the elasticity and the change of inequality using the Oaxaca-type decomposition method. RESULTS: The affluent middle-aged and elderly patients with NCDs used more inpatient services than poor groups. The per capita household consumption expenditure (PCE) and Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance (UEBMI) contributed to the decline in pro-rich inequality of inpatient use, while the New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme (NRCMS) contributed to the decline in pro-poor inequality of inpatient use. CONCLUSIONS: There was a certain degree of pro-rich unfairness in the probability and frequency of inpatient services utilization for middle-aged and elderly individuals with NCDs in China. The decrease of pro-wealth contribution of PCE and UEBMI offset the decrease of pro-poor contribution of NRCMS, and improved the equity of inpatient services utilization, favoring poor people.


Assuntos
Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças não Transmissíveis/terapia , Idoso , China , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos
10.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 295(2): 439-451, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813042

RESUMO

Stroke is a complex disease with multiple etiologies. Numerous studies suggest an established association between obesity and stroke, which may partly arise from the shared genetic components between the two phenotypes. Despite genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified some loci associated with stroke and obesity individually, the estimated genetic variability explained by these loci is limited (especially for stroke) and the pleiotropic loci between them are largely unknown. In this study, we jointly applied the pleiotropy-informed conditional false discovery rate (cFDR) method and the genetic analysis incorporating pleiotropy and annotation (GPA) method on summary statistics of two large GWASs to detect the genetic overlap between stroke (n = 446,696) and obesity (n = 681,275). Stratified Q-Q and fold-enrichment plots showed strong pleiotropic enrichment between the two phenotypes. With cFDR < 0.05 and fdr.GPA < 0.2, we identified 24 (16 novel) stroke-associated SNPs and 12 (10 novel) of them to be potentially pleiotropic SNPs for both phenotypes. The corresponding genes were enriched in trait-associated gene ontology (GO) terms "brain development" and "negative regulation of transport". In conclusion, our study demonstrated the feasibility and effectivity of the two pleiotropic methods which successfully improved the genetic discovery by incorporating related GWAS datasets and validated the genetic intercommunity between stroke and obesity. The identification of pleiotropic loci may provide us any new insights into potential genetic and etiology mechanism between them for the further studies.


Assuntos
Pleiotropia Genética/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Obesidade/genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética , Encéfalo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Obesidade/patologia , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia
11.
Ann Hum Genet ; 83(6): 434-444, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31111486

RESUMO

Oral folate is currently the most common treatment for hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy), which seriously threatens human health, but its efficacy is unsatisfactory. Betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT) is a key enzyme that regulates Hcy metabolism. We investigated the association between the BHMT rs3733890 and the efficacy of oral folate therapy for HHcy in the Chinese Han population and analysed the effects of gene-environmental interactions on the efficacy. Blood samples were collected from 1071 eligible patients at baseline, and these individuals received subsequent folate treatment for 90 days. A total of 638 patients included in the final analysis were grouped into the treatment success group or the treatment failure group based on posttreatment Hcy levels. Hcy concentrations were measured by fluorescence polarization immunoassay. Time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MassArray system) was used to assess the genotype of BHMT rs3733890. Stratified analyses based on additive models and generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction were used to explore gene-environmental interactions. The genotype distribution presented distinct differences in the two groups. The mutant genotype and allele had significantly increased risk of treatment failure (p < 0.05). Furthermore, synergistic effects of the BHMT rs3733890 polymorphism with environmental risk factors (smoking, drinking, past history) on the efficacy of therapy were also found. However, future, large well-designed studies, as well as mechanistic studies, are still needed to validate our findings.


Assuntos
Alelos , Betaína-Homocisteína S-Metiltransferase/genética , Ácido Fólico/uso terapêutico , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Administração Oral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Meio Ambiente , Feminino , Ácido Fólico/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(20): 8244-8253, 2019 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31026148

RESUMO

In the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) domain, the investigation of new homogeneous catalysts is a crucial step toward the full comprehension of the key structural and/or electronic factors that control catalytic efficiency and selectivity. Herein, we report a unique non-heme diiron complex that can act as a homogeneous ORR catalyst in acetonitrile solution. This iron(II) thiolate dinuclear complex, [FeII2(LS)(LSH)] ([Fe2SH]+) (LS2- = 2,2'-(2,2'-bipyridine-6,6'-diyl)bis(1,1-diphenylethanethiolate)) contains a thiol group in the metal coordination sphere. [Fe2SH]+ is an efficient ORR catalyst both in the presence of a one-electron reducing agent and under electrochemically assisted conditions. However, its selectivity is dependent on the electron delivery pathway; in particular, the process is selective for H2O2 production under chemical conditions (up to ∼95%), whereas H2O is the main product during electrocatalysis (less than ∼10% H2O2). Based on computational work alongside the experimental data, a mechanistic proposal is discussed that rationalizes the selective and tunable reduction of dioxygen.

13.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(49): 16001-16004, 2018 12 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30307683

RESUMO

[NiFe]-hydrogenase enzymes are efficient catalysts for H2 evolution but their synthetic models have not been reported to be active under aqueous conditions so far. Here we show that a close model of the [NiFe]-hydrogenase active site can work as a very active and stable heterogeneous H2 evolution catalyst under mildly acidic aqueous conditions. Entry in catalysis is a NiI FeII complex, with electronic structure analogous to the Ni-L state of the enzyme, corroborating the mechanism modification recently proposed for [NiFe]-hydrogenases.


Assuntos
Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Hidrogenase/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Biocatálise , Domínio Catalítico , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Hidrogênio/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hidrogenase/química , Conformação Molecular , Soluções , Água/química , Água/metabolismo
14.
Chemistry ; 24(46): 11973-11982, 2018 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29869814

RESUMO

Disulfide/thiolate interconversion controlled by Cu is proposed to be involved in relevant biological processes. In analogy to Cu, it can be envisaged that Fe also participates in the control of similar biological processes. We describe here Fe complexes that undergo FeIII -thiolate/FeII -disulfide (inter)conversion mediated by halide (de)coordination, and by the nature of the solvent. The dinuclear FeII -disulfide complex [FeII2 (LSSL)]2+ ((LS)2- =2,2'-(2,2'-bipyridine-6,6'-diyl)bis(1,1-diphenylethanethiolate), (LSSL)2- =the corresponding disulfide ligand) shows solvent-dependent properties. Whereas in a non-coordinating solvent (CH2 Cl2 ) the dinuclear FeII -disulfide complex is the only stable form, in the presence of coordinating solvents like MeCN or DMF it is partly or fully converted into mononuclear FeIII -thiolate species having a bound solvent molecule ([FeIII (LS)(Solv)]+ , Solv=DMF, MeCN). Addition of Cl- to a CH2 Cl2 solution containing the FeII -disulfide dinuclear complex leads to the fast and quantitative formation of a mononuclear FeIII -thiolate species with a bound Cl- , that is, ([FeIII (LS)Cl]). The reverse reaction can be achieved by addition of Li[[B(C6 F5 )4 ]. In relation to the metal-sulfur electronic distribution, the comparison between the redox properties of the Fe, Mn and Co complexes involved in these MIII -thiolate/MII -disulfide interconversion processes allow one to rationalize their respective efficiency.

15.
Br J Nutr ; 119(8): 887-895, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29644956

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to analyse the efficacy rate of folate for the treatment of hyperhomocysteinaemia (HHcy) and to explore how folate metabolism-related gene polymorphisms change its efficacy. This study also explored the effects of gene-gene and gene-environment interactions on the efficacy of folate. A prospective cohort study enrolling HHcy patients was performed. The subjects were treated with oral folate (5 mg/d) for 90 d. We analysed the efficacy rate of folate for the treatment of HHcy by measuring homocysteine (Hcy) levels after treatment. Unconditioned logistic regression was conducted to analyse the association between SNP and the efficacy of folic acid therapy for HHcy. The efficacy rate of folate therapy for HHcy was 56·41 %. The MTHFR rs1801133 CT genotype, TT genotype and T allele; the MTHFR rs1801131 AC genotype, CC genotype and C allele; the MTRR rs1801394 GA genotype, GG genotype and G allele; and the MTRR rs162036 AG genotype and AG+GG genotypes were associated with the efficacy of folic acid therapy for HHcy (P<0·05). No association was seen between other SNP and the efficacy of folic acid. The optimal model of gene-gene interactions was a two-factor interaction model including rs1801133 and rs1801394. The optimal model of gene-environment interaction was a three-factor interaction model including history of hypertension, history of CHD and rs1801133. Folate supplementation can effectively decrease Hcy level. However, almost half of HHcy patients failed to reach the normal range. The efficacy of folate therapy may be genetically regulated.


Assuntos
Ácido Fólico/metabolismo , Ácido Fólico/uso terapêutico , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Chemistry ; 24(20): 5091-5094, 2018 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29447424

RESUMO

The complexes [FeLN2S2 X] [in which LN2S2 =2,2'-(2,2'-bipryridine-6,6'-diyl)bis(1,1'-diphenylethanethiolate) and X=Cl, Br and I], characterized crystallographically earlier and here (Fe(L)Br), reveal a square pyramidal coordinated FeIII ion. Unusually, all three complexes have intermediate spin ground states. Susceptibility measurements, powder cw X- and Q-band EPR spectra, and zero-field powder Mössbauer spectra show that all complexes display distinct magnetic anisotropy, which has been rationalized by DFT calculations.

17.
J Am Coll Nutr ; 36(7): 528-532, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28854002

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increased plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels are a risk factor for stroke and can be reduced with folic acid therapy. Therefore, it is extremely important for patients with hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) to obtain the normal level of Hcy after folate intervention. Thus far, few studies have reported the effective rate defined as percentage of patients who achieved normal plasma Hcy levels after folic acid therapy. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to investigate the effective rate of folic acid for the treatment of HHcy and the impact of plasma baseline Hcy levels and the compliance of oral folic acid on the efficacy. METHODS: A total of 858 patients with HHcy were treated with oral folic acid (5 mg/d) for 3 months. Fasting blood samples collected at baseline and at the end of treatment were assayed for plasma Hcy levels. RESULTS: After 3 months of treatment, the plasma Hcy levels of 484 patients were reduced to below the normal levels (15 µmol/L), corresponding to an effective rate of 56.41%. The average of Hcy levels decreased by 28.05%. The effective rates of folic acid therapy in a mild Hcy elevated group and an intermediate Hcy elevated group were 61.34% and 27.78%, respectively (p = 0.000). The effective rates among patients with good and poor compliance of oral folic acid were 65.29% and 35.18%, respectively (p = 0.000). CONCLUSIONS: More than 40% patients with HHcy failed to reach the normal range (5-15 µmol/L) after 3 months of folic acid supplementation. Further prospective studies are warranted to explore the reasons for failure.


Assuntos
Ácido Fólico/uso terapêutico , Homocisteína/sangue , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/tratamento farmacológico , Complexo Vitamínico B/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Ácido Fólico/farmacologia , Humanos , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Complexo Vitamínico B/farmacologia
18.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 49(7): 1127-1137, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28417342

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to systematically assess the effect of adipose tissue-derived stem cell (ADSC) therapy and its influential factors on the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED) in rats. METHODS: Two authors independently searched for published studies through PubMed and EMBASE from study inception until August 31, 2016. A meta-analysis was used to combine the effect estimate from the published studies. A subgroup analysis was performed to identify the effect of some influential factors. The pooled standardized mean differences (SMDs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by a fixed-effects or random-effects model analysis. RESULTS: Twenty studies with a total of 248 rats were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled analysis showed that ADSC therapy significantly increased the ratio of intracavernous pressure and mean arterial pressure (ICP/MAP; SMD 3.46, 95% CI 2.85-4.06; P < 0.001) compared to control therapy. The levels of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS; SMD 6.37, 95% CI 4.35-8.39; P < 0.001), the cavernous smooth muscle content (CSMC; SMD 3.65, 95% CI 2.65-4.65; P < 0.001), the ratio of cavernous smooth muscle and collagen (CSM/collagen; SMD 4.16, 95% CI 2.59-5.72; P < 0.001), and the cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP; SMD 7.12, 95% CI 2.76-11.48; P = 0.001) were higher following ADSC therapy than following control therapy. Subgroup analysis showed that ADSCs modified by growth or neurotrophic factors significantly recovered erectile function (P < 0.001) compared with ADSC therapy. CONCLUSION: The adequate data indicated that ADSC therapy recovered erectile function and regenerated cavernous structures in ED rats, and ADSCs modified by some growth and neurotrophic factors accelerated the recovery of erectile function and cavernous structures in ED rats.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Disfunção Erétil/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Erétil/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Animais , Pressão Arterial , Colágeno/metabolismo , GMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Disfunção Erétil/metabolismo , Masculino , Músculo Liso , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I/metabolismo , Ereção Peniana , Ratos
19.
Dalton Trans ; 44(21): 9921-6, 2015 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25939776

RESUMO

Copper complexes have been frequently involved in many Cu-mediated carbon-hydrogen halogenation reactions. We fortunately obtained three different valence benzoxazolyl-copper complexes, along with aryl carbon-hydrogen bromination, in the self-assembly reaction of ligands with CuBr2. The complexes have been successfully characterized by X-ray single crystal diffraction analyses. The results indicate that 1 consists of di-brominated p-benzoxazolylphenylamine (L) and an unusual high valence copper(III) complex with tetrahedral geometry, 2 is the first polymeric catenulate di-brominated benzoxazolyl-copper(I) complex and 3 is the mono-brominated benzoxazolyl-copper(II) complex. We speculate proposed mechanisms for the formation of these complexes and the bromination of aryl carbon-hydrogen based on these crystal structures.

20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 50(63): 8723-6, 2014 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24963609

RESUMO

Fibrous nanoaggregates of a new benzoxazole-based derivative have been reported. This derivative exhibits not only H-aggregates but also strong yellow fluorescence, which is different from the traditional understanding of H-aggregates.

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