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1.
Genes Genomics ; 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33818699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing epidemic of ischemic stroke (IS) makes it urgent to understand the pathogenesis and regulatory mechanism, previous studies have described microRNAs (miRNAs) is part of the brain's response to ischemia. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to screen potential biomarkers for the prediction and novel treatment of IS. METHODS: Differentially expressed miRNAs were screened from three newly diagnosed IS patients and three controls by RNA sequencing technology. Furthermore, target prediction databases were then used to analysis the target genes of different expressed miRNAs, and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway database were used to identify the functions and the main biochemical and signal pathways of differentially expressed target genes. RESULTS: Our results revealed that 27 miRNAs were differentially expressed in IS, among which, hsa-miR-659-5p was the most highly increased and was first found to be associated with IS. In addition, KEGG pathway analyses showed that differentially expressed miRNAs were mainly significantly enriched in lysosome pathway, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction pathway, spliceosome pathway, base excision repair pathway. CONCLUSIONS: miRNAs were involved in IS pathogenesis, and hsa-miR-659-5p, hsa-miR-151a-3p and hsa-miR-29c-5p as the three highest |log2FoldChange| regulation in this study, which may be the biomarkers of IS and need further study.

2.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 228: 106746, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819898

RESUMO

Busulfan is widely used in some species to inhibit germ cell proliferation. This study was conducted to evaluate effects of busulfan on germ and somatic cells in gonads of olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus, one of the most economically important mariculture fish species. After intraperitoneal injection with 80 (80B) or 120 (120B) mg/kg busulfan, both gonads were atrophied, and ovaries were discolored with adhesion to the visceral mass. Histological results indicated that germ cells in the gonads were detached, and there was a larger nucleus size and smaller cytoplasmic volume in spermatogonia. Numbers of oocytes and somatic cells in the ovary were both less (P < 0.05), while in the testis, numbers of spermatogonia and somatic cells were markedly lesser and greater, respectively (P < 0.05). In ovaries of the flounder treated with 80B and 120B, relative abundance of vasa and cyp19a1a mRNA transcripts was very small in the cytoplasm of oocytes, while the cyp19a1a transcript was still present in theca cells. In the testis of flounder treated with 80B and 120B, abundance of vasa was markedly less (P < 0.05) with there being very little vasa in spermatogonia and disruption of the spermatogonium structure. In the 80B treatment group, amh was in lesser abundance with there being very little amh in spermatogonia, however, with the 120B treatment there was a large amh abundance in spermatogonium with there being disruption of structure of these germ cells and Sertoli cells. Busulfan, therefore, might inhibit the development of spermatogonia in the flounder testis.

3.
J Virol Methods ; : 114149, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839185

RESUMO

A multiplex real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) assay for detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was developed based on the same primer and probe sequences of an existing U.S. CDC Emergency Use authorized test panel, targeting SARS-CoV-2 N1, N2 and human RNase P genes in singleplex. Both singleplex and multiplex assays demonstrated linear dynamic ranges of 8 orders of magnitude and analytical limits of detection of 5 RNA transcript copies/reaction. Both assays showed 100% agreement with 364 previously characterized clinical specimens (146 positive and 218 negative) for detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA. To further increase testing throughput, 40 positive and 20 negative four-specimen pools were tested by the multiplex assay and showed 97.75% and 100% congruence with individual specimen tests, respectively. rRT-PCR assay multiplexing and sample pooling, individually or in combination, can substantially increase throughput of SARS-CoV-2 testing.

4.
Foods ; 10(3)2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809138

RESUMO

A massive amount of chalaza with nearly 400 metric tons is produced annually as waste in the liquid-egg industry. The present study aimed to look for ways to utilize chalaza as a natural emulsifier for high internal phase emulsions (HIPEs) at the optimal production conditions to expand the utilization of such abundant material. To the author's knowledge, for the first time, we report the usage of hen egg chalaza particles as particulate emulsifiers for Pickering (HIPEs) development. The chalaza particles with partial wettability were fabricated at different pH or ionic strengths by freeze-drying. The surface electricity of the chalaza particles was neutralized when the pH was adjusted to 4, where the chalaza contained a particle size around 1500 nm and held the best capability to stabilize the emulsions. Similarly, the chalaza reaches proper electrical charging (-6 mv) and size (700 nm) after the ionic strength was modified to 0.6 M. Following the characterization of chalaza particles, we successfully generated stable Pickering HIPEs with up to 86% internal phase at proper particle concentrations (0.5-2%). The emulsion contained significant stability against coalescence and flocculation during long term storage due to the electrical hindrance raised by the chalaza particles which absorbed on the oil-water interfaces. Different rheological models were tested on the formed HIPEs, indicating the outstanding stability of such emulsions. Concomitantly, a percolating 3D-network was formed in the Pickering HIPES stabilized by chalaza which provided the emulsions with viscoelastic and self-standing features. Moreover, the current study provides an attractive strategy to convert liquid oils to viscoelastic soft solids without artificial trans fats.

5.
Theranostics ; 11(8): 3932-3947, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33664871

RESUMO

The tumor microenvironment contributes to tumor progression and metastasis. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) form a major cellular component of the tumor microenvironment. In this study, we further explored the mechanisms underlying the tumor-promoting roles of CAFs. Methods: Patient-derived CAFs and normal fibroblasts (NFs) were isolated from breast carcinomas and adjacent normal breast tissue. Exosomes were isolated by ultracentrifugation and CAF-derived exosomal microRNAs were screened using next-generation sequencing technology. MiR-500a-5p expression was assessed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and in situ hybridization; Tumor cell proliferation was determined by MTT assays and three-dimensioned (3D) cultures, and tumor metastasis was determined by Transwell assays in vitro. In vivo assays were performed in a nude mouse subcutaneous xenograft model. Results: We confirmed that CAF-derived exosomes significantly promoted the proliferation and metastasis of breast cancer cells. MiR-500a-5p was highly expressed in MDA-MB-231 and MCF7 cells treated with CAF-derived exosomes. The upregulation of miR-500a-5p was also confirmed in CAFs and CAF-derived exosomes. MiR-500a-5p was transferred from CAFs to the cancer cells, and subsequently promoted proliferation and metastasis by binding to ubiquitin-specific peptidase 28 (USP28). Conclusions: The present study demonstrates that CAFs promote breast cancer progression and metastasis via exosomal miR-500a-5p and indicate that inhibiting CAF-derived miR-500a-5p is an alternative modality for the treatment of breast cancer.

6.
Transl Oncol ; 14(6): 101068, 2021 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730679

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Research suggests that hormone replacement therapy may increase the risk of breast cancer, and progestins such as norethisterone (NET) play a key role in this phenomenon. We have demonstrated that microRNA-181a (miR-181a) suppresses NET-promoted breast cancer cell survival. Nonetheless, the effects of NET and miR-181a on the tumorigenesis of human breast epithelial cells have not yet been elaborated. METHODS: Assays of cell viability, proliferation, migration, apoptosis, and colony formation were performed to investigate the pro-tumorigenesis effect of NET and the effects of miR-181a on human breast epithelial MCF10A cells. The expressions of cell-proliferation-related genes and apoptotic factors were analyzed by quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot in MCF10A cells treated with NET and miR-181a. RESULTS: NET significantly increased MCF10A cell viability, proliferation, migration, and colony formation, but reduced cellular apoptosis. In addition, NET increased the expression of progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1), EGFR, B-cell lymphoma 2, cyclin D1, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen, but decreased the expression of pro-apoptosis factors, such as Bax, caspase-7, and caspase-9. Overexpression of miR-181a strongly inhibited the effects of NET on MCF10A cells and abrogated NET-stimulated PGRMC1, EGFR, and mTOR expression. CONCLUSIONS: Activation of the PGRMC1/EGFR-PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway is the primary mechanism underlying the pro-tumorigenesis effects of NET on human breast epithelial MCF10A cells. Additionally, miR-181a can suppress the effects of NET on these cells. These data suggest a therapeutic potential for miR-181a in reducing or preventing the risk of breast cancer in hormone replacement therapy using NET.

8.
Carbohydr Polym ; 260: 117840, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712175

RESUMO

Highly efficient shielding materials with an excellent electromagnetic wave absorption have gained increased attention. A new design was used to provide cellulose paper with a high electromagnetic shielding effectiveness (EMI SE) and improve the absorption performance by constructing an asymmetry sandwich structure that consisted of a dense nickel coating, Fe3O4 nanoparticles and a porous nickel layer. This unique structure caused a "multiple reflection-absorb-reflection" process when the electromagnetic waves penetrated the sample. The EMI absorption (SEA) and total SE (SET) increased with Fe3O4 absorption time increasing at 8.2-12.4 GHz, which was attributed to the synergistic effect between porous nickel layer and Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The SEA and SET of the sample with a thickness of 0.195 mm can achieved 18.57 and 41.88 dB, respectively. The design was conducive to improving the magnetic and corrosion resistance properties. This study provided a novel path to obtain a low cost and lightweight electromagnetic shielding material that can reduce secondary radiation.


Assuntos
Celulose/química , Óxido Ferroso-Férrico/química , Níquel/química , Protetores contra Radiação/química , Condutividade Elétrica , Campos Eletromagnéticos , Magnetismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Porosidade , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura
9.
J Biomater Sci Polym Ed ; : 1-15, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33739232

RESUMO

Drug-loaded nanoparticles have been widely used in the field of tumor treatment due to their low side effects and reduced frequency of administration. In this study, pH and glutathione (GSH) dual-responsive keratin-tannic acid (TA) complex nanoparticles were established to trigger drug release under tumor microenvironments. Reductive keratin was first extracted using a reduction method. Then, keratin-TA complex nanoparticles (KNPs) were self-assembled via non-covalent interaction and further stabilized by self-crosslinking of thiols. This method was facile and green without chemicals during the whole procedure. KNPs exhibited pH and GSH dual responsiveness as well as charge reversibility in the simulated tumor microenvironment. The anticancer drug of doxorubicin (DOX) was loaded on KNPs by hydrophobicity and hydrogen bonds. Drug-loaded KNPs accelerated drug release under mimicked tumor microenvironments, performing high toxic against A549 cells while low toxic on normal cells. Besides, drug-loaded nanoparticles could be endocytosed by tumor cells. Based on these results, KNPs may serve as drug carriers for therapeutic delivery.

10.
Oncogene ; 2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33714984

RESUMO

Emerging evidence has demonstrated that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play critical roles in the development and progression of human cancer. However, the biological functions and underlying mechanisms of circRNAs in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) remain to be investigated. In our present study, we found that the novel circRNA circHIF1A was significantly overexpressed in breast cancer tissues and that it was associated with metastasis, poor prognosis, and the TNBC subtype. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments were conducted to investigate the biological roles of circHIF1A in TNBC. Overexpression of circHIF1A significantly promoted TNBC growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo, while knockdown of circHIF1A exerted the opposite effects. Mechanistically, circHIF1A modulated the expression and translocation of NFIB through posttranscriptional and posttranslational modifications, resulting in the activation of the AKT/STAT3 signaling pathway and inhibition of P21. The RNA binding protein FUS could regulate the biogenesis of circHIF1A by interacting with the flanking intron, and FUS was transcriptionally regulated by NFIB, thus forming the circHIF1A/NFIB/FUS positive feedback loop. Moreover, circHIF1A could be packaged into exosomes and was upregulated in the plasma of breast cancer patients. Our findings indicated that circHIF1A played a critical role in the growth and metastasis of TNBC via a positive feedback loop and that circHIF1A could be a promising biomarker for breast cancer diagnosis and a potential therapeutic target for TNBC treatment.

11.
Clin Neurophysiol ; 132(4): 946-952, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33636610

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) and transcranial Doppler (TCD) can be used to evaluate patients with acute severe brainstem hemorrhage (ASBH). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients with ASBH and assessed their mortality at the 90-day follow-up. The patients' demographic data, serological data, and clinical factors were recorded. Quantitative brain function monitoring was performed using a TCD-QEEG recording system attached to the patient's bedside. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients (55.3 ± 10.6 years; 17 men) were studied. Mortality at 90 days was at 61.3%. There was no significant difference in TCD-related parameters between the survival group and the death group (p > 0.05). Among the QEEG-related indexes, only the (delta + theta)/(alpha + beta) ratio (DTABR) (odds ratio 11.555, 95%confidence interval 1.413-94.503, p = 0.022) was an independent predictor of clinical outcome; the area under the ROC curve of DTABR was 0.921, cut-off point was 3.88, sensitivity was 79%, and specificity was 100%. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ASBH, QEEG can effectively inform the clinical prognosis regarding 90-day mortality, while TCD cannot. SIGNIFICANCE: QEEG shows promise for informing the mortality prognosis of patients with ASBH.

12.
BMC Urol ; 21(1): 29, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The tumorigenesis of prostate cancer involves genetic mutations. Tumour mutational burden (TMB) is an emerging biomarker for predicting the efficacy of immunotherapy. RESULTS: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms were the most common variant type, and C>T transversion was the most commonly presented type of single-nucleotide variant. The high-TMB group had lower overall survival (OS) than the low-TMB group. TMB was associated with age, T stage and N stage. Functional enrichment analysis of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) showed that they are involved in pathways related to the terms spindle, chromosomal region, nuclear division, chromosome segregation, cell cycle, oocyte meiosis and other terms associated with DNA mutation and cell proliferation. Six hub genes, PLK1, KIF2C, MELK, EXO1, CEP55 and CDK1, were identified. All the genes were associated with disease-free survival, and CEP55 and CDK1 were associated with OS. CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides a comprehensive analysis of the significance of TMB and DEGs and infiltrating immune cells related to TMB, which provides helpful information for exploring the significance of TMB in prostate cancer.

13.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0247248, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600459

RESUMO

The conversion of cellular prion protein (PrPC) to disease-provoking conformer (PrPSc) is crucial in the pathogenesis of prion diseases. Heparin has been shown to enhance mammalian prion protein misfolding. As spontaneous prion disease has not been reported in non-mammalian species, such as chicken, it is interesting to explore the influence of heparin on the conversion of chicken prion protein (ChPrP). Herein, we investigated the influences of heparin on biochemical properties of full-length recombinant ChPrP, with murine prion protein (MoPrP) as control. The results showed that at low heparin concentration (10 µg/mL), a great loss of solubility was observed for both MoPrP and ChPrP using solubility assays. In contrast, when the concentration of heparin was high (30 µg/mL), the solubility of MoPrP and ChPrP both decreased slightly. Using circular dichroism, PK digestion and transmission electron microscopy, significantly increased ß-sheet content, PK resistance and size of aggregates were observed for MoPrP interacted with 30 µg/mL heparin, whereas 30 µg/mL heparin-treated ChPrP showed less PK resistance and slight increase of ß-sheet structure. Therefore, heparin can induce conformational changes in both MoPrP and ChPrP and the biochemical properties of the aggregates induced by heparin could be modified by heparin concentration. These results highlight the importance of concentration of cofactors affecting PrP misfolding.

14.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629185

RESUMO

Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disease with high incidence, which has seriously affected human life and health. The associations among waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and T2DM were discovered in observational studies. However, the causality of these associations still remains unknown. The present study aims to apply two-sample Mendelian randomization (TSMR) using genetic variants as instrumental variables (IVs) to evaluate the causality among WC, WHR, and T2DM. The participants were from three independent studies in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) datasets, which included 127,997 Europeans for WC, 73,137 Europeans for WHR and 659,316 Europeans for T2DM. Furthermore, 16 were associated WC SNPs and eight were associated WHR SNPs as instrument variables were selected for TSMR using P < 5 × 10-8 standard. The pooled odd ratios (ORs) for the assessment of higher WC and WHR on the risk of T2DM for these SNPs were calculated using inverse variance weighted (IVW) method, and validated through extensively complementary analyses. The OR for T2DM per SD (cm) higher WC was 2.623 (95% CI 2.286-3.010, P = 5.000E-43), and the OR for T2DM per SD (cm) higher WHR was 1.751 (95% CI 1.122-2.733, P = 0.014). Consistent results for other methods were obtained. Furthermore, the range of OR fluctuation between WC and T2DM was from 2.623 to 2.986, while that between WHR and T2DM was from 0.990 to 2.931. Overall, these present results provide genetic support that suggests that the use of TSMR, and higher WC and WHR increased the T2DM risk among the European population.

15.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1216, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441850

RESUMO

The green bacterial biosynthesis of lead sulfide nanocrystallites by L-cysteine-desulfurizing bacterium Lysinibacillus sphaericus SH72 was demonstrated in this work. Nanocrystals formed by this bacterial method were characterized using the mineralogical and morphological approaches. The results revealed that the microbially synthesized PbS nanocrystals assume a cubic structure, and are often aggregated as spheroids of about 105 nm in size. These spheroids are composed of numerous nanoparticles with diameter 5-10 nm. Surface characterization of the bacterial nanoparticles with FTIR spectroscopy shows that the L-cysteine coats the surface of PbS nanoparticle as a stabilizing ligand. The optical features of the PbS nanocrystallites were assessed by UV-Vis spectroscopy and PL spectroscopy. The maximum absorption wavelength of the bacterial PbS particles occurs at 240 nm, and the photoluminescence emission band ranges from 375 to 550 nm. The band gap energy is calculated to be 4.36 eV, compared to 0.41 eV for the naturally occurring bulk PbS, with this clear blue shift attributable to the quantum size effect.

16.
J Ovarian Res ; 14(1): 9, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419462

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is an important treatment for ovarian cancer. A certain portion of cisplatin exits the body via the perfusate at the end of HIPEC, so full-dose utilization cannot be achieved. Herein, we sought to explore how much cisplatin is actually utilized and its prognostic influence. METHODS: Cisplatin (70 mg/m2) was given at 43 °C for 90 min. The actually utilized dose (AD) of cisplatin was calculated using the following formula: AD (mg) = total dose (TD) (mg)-losing dose (LD) (mg); LD = volume (ml) of the perfusate (VPretained) that was retained in the HIPEC treatment system at the end of HIPEC * concentration of cisplatin in the perfusate (mg/ml). RESULT: Sixty-two ovarian cancer patients were included. The median TD, median LD and median AD were 95 mg, 20.7 mg and 75.8 mg, respectively. The utility rate of cisplatin (AD/TD ratio) was 79.2%. On simple linear regression analysis, the TD and VPretained were found to significantly predict the AD. Based on these two factors, multiple linear regression analysis was conducted, and a significant regression equation was formulated [F (2, 59) = 71.419, P < 0.0001]: predicted AD (mg) = 30.079 + 0.667 TD (mg) - 0.010 VPretained (ml) (adjusted R2 = 0.698). In Cox regression analysis, AD was not noted to be associated with progression free survival or overall survival. CONCLUSION: For ovarian cancer patients who receive cisplatin for HIPEC at 43 °C, the AD of cisplatin can be predicted using a regression equation and it has no prognostic impact.

17.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389038

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyse the changes of quantitative electroencephalogram (qEEG) and cortex structural magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in Parkinson's disease with mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) and to explore the "composite marker"-based machine learning model in identifying PD-MCI. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients with PD identified 36 PD-MCI and 35 PD with normal cognition (PD-NC). QEEG features of power spectrum and structural MR features of cortex based on surface-based morphometry (SBM) were extracted. Support vector machine (SVM) was established using combined features of structural MR and qEEG to identify PD-MCI. Feature importance evaluation algorithm of mean impact value (MIV) was established to sort the vital characteristics of qEEG and structural MR. RESULTS: Compared with PD-NC, PD-MCI showed a statistically significant difference in 5 leads and waves of qEEG and 7 cortical region features of structural MR. The SVM model based on these qEEG and structural MR features yielded an accuracy of 0.80 in the training set and had a high prediction accuracy of 0.80 in the test set (sensitivity was 0.78, specificity was 0.83, area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.77), which was higher than the model built by the feature separately. QEEG features of theta wave in C3 had a marked impact on the model for classification according to the MIV algorithm. CONCLUSIONS: PD-MCI is characterized by widespread structural and EEG abnormality. "Composite markers" could be valuable for the individualized diagnosis of PD-MCI by machine learning. KEY POINTS: • Explore the brain abnormalities in Parkinson's disease with mild cognitive impairment by using the quantitative electroencephalogram and cortex structural MR simultaneously. • Multimodal features based support vector machine for identifying Parkinson's disease with mild cognitive impairment has an acceptable performance. • Theta wave in C3 is the most influential feature of qEEG and cortex structure MR imaging in identifying Parkinson's disease with mild cognitive impairment using support vector machine.

18.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 8861766, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506044

RESUMO

Objective: SPHK1 and HAS2 have been reported to play important roles in tumorigenesis and development. However, their expression and prognostic value in pancreatic cancer (PC) remain unclear. This study is aimed at investigating the expression of SPHK1 and HAS2 on the prognosis of pancreatic cancer. Materials and Methods: The expression of SPHK1 and HAS2 in pancreatic cancer tissues was analyzed through TCGA and GTEx databases and validated by qRT-PCR and Western blot in pancreatic cancer cell lines. χ 2 test was used to explore the correlation of the SPHK1 and HAS2 expressions with clinical characteristics. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and ROC curve were used to evaluate the prognostic and diagnostic roles of SPHK1 and HAS2 in pancreatic cancer. Additionally, Spearman correlation analysis was applied to assess the correlation between the SPHK1 and HAS2 in pancreatic cancer. GO analysis and KEGG analysis were applied to explore the possible signaling pathway that SPHK1 and HAS2 coregulated genes mediated. Results: The expression of SPHK1 and HAS2 was markedly upregulated in pancreatic cancer tissue and cell lines, respectively. Furthermore, there was a significant positive correlation between SPHK1 and HAS2 expressions. ROC curves showed that SPHK1 combine with HAS2 has good diagnostic value in pancreatic cancer patients with 85% sensitivity and 99.4% specificity. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that increased expression of SPHK1 and HAS2 was significantly associated with short overall survival (OS) of pancreatic cancer patients. GO and KEGG results revealed that SPHK1 and HAS2 mainly involved cell proliferation and invasion mediated by extracellular matrix- (ECM-) receptor interaction, focal adhesion, and PI3K-AKT signaling pathways. Conclusions: Overexpression of SPHK1 and HAS2 could be important markers for the prognosis of pancreatic cancer.

19.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 2607, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33510244

RESUMO

The improper handling of smelting slag will seriously pollute the environment, and the unfilled roof of the goaf of the mine will threaten the safety of the mine. Expansion materials have attracted more and more attention because of their excellent properties. In this paper, copper-nickel smelting slag that has some active ingredients of gelling is used instead of traditional aggregate and some part of cement in order to reduce its pollution to the environment and its costs. For safety reasons, hydrogen peroxide was chosen as the foaming agent. Sodium silicate and hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) are used as additives. Our results showed that after 28 days of curing, the material has better mechanical properties and the early compressive strength of the material was enhanced by sodium silicate. The efficiency of foaming was improved by CTAB. It also proves that copper-nickel smelting slag can be used in expansion material. At the same time, the utilization rate of the copper-nickel smelting slag of this formula can reach 70%, reduce its pollution to the environment.

20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 210: 111854, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422839

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the prospective correlation between serum metals before 24 weeks' gestation and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or glucose in the late second trimester among southern Chinese pregnant women. METHODS: A total of 8169 pregnant women were included in our retrospective cohort study. Logistic regression was used to investigate the relationships between metals (Manganese [Mn], copper [Cu], lead [Pb], calcium [Ca], zinc [Zn], magnesium [Mg]) and GDM. Quantile regression was performed to detect the shifts and associations with metals and three time-points glucose distribution of oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) focused on the 10th, 50th, and 90th percentiles. Weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression was used to explore the relationship of metal mixtures and GDM as well as glucose. RESULTS: Maternal serum concentrations of metals were assessed at mean 16.55 ± 2.92 weeks' gestation. Women with under weight might have 25% decreased risk of GDM for every 50% increase in Cu concentration within the safe limits. A 50% increase in Mn and Zn levels was related to a 0.051 µmol/L (95% CI: 0.033-0.070) and 0.059 µmol/L (95% CI: 0.040-0.079) increase in mean fasting plasma glucose of OGTT (OGTT0), respectively. The magnitude of association with Mn was smaller at the upper tail of OGTT0 distribution, while the magnitude of correlation with Zn was greater at the upper tail. However, there was a 0.012 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.017 to -0.008), 0.028 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.049 to -0.007), and 0.036 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.057 to -0.016) decrease in mean OGTT0 levels for every 50% increase in Pb, Ca, and Mg, respectively. The negative association of Pb, Ca, and Mg was greater at the lower tail of OGTT0 distribution. No significant relationship was observed in Cu and mean OGTT0 level (-0.010 mmol/L, 95% CI: -0.021 to 0.001), however, it showed a protective effect at the upper tail (-0.034 mmol/L, 95% CI: -0.049 to -0.017). No obvious correlation was found between metals and postprandial glucose levels (OGTT1 and OGTT2 from OGTT). The WQS index was significantly related to OGTT0 (P < 0.001). The contribution of Mn (80.19%) to metal mixture index was the highest related to OGTT0, followed by Cu (19.81%). CONCLUSIONS: Higher Mn and Zn but lower Pb, Ca, and Mg concentrations within a certain range before 24 weeks' gestation might prospectively impair fasting plasma glucose during pregnancy; a greater focus is required on Mn. It could provide early markers of metal for predicting later glucose and suggest implement intervention for pregnant women.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Gestacional/sangue , Metais/sangue , Adulto , Monitoramento Biológico , Biomarcadores/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
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