Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 249
Filtrar
1.
J Adv Res ; 41: 145-158, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36328744

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a multifactorial autoimmune disease. Broad knowledge about the genetics, epidemiology and clinical management of T1D has been achieved, but understandings about the cell varieties in the bone marrow during T1D remain limited. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to present a profile of the bone marrow cells and reveal the relationship of bone marrow and osteopenia in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced T1D mice. METHODS: The whole bone marrow cells from the femurs and tibias of healthy (group C) and STZ-induced T1D mice (group D) were collected for single-cell RNA sequencing analysis. Single-cell flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry were performed to confirm the proportional changes among bone marrow neutrophils (BM-neutrophils) (Cxcr2+, Ly6g+) and B lymphocytes (Cd19+). X-ray and micro-CT were performed to detect bone mineral density. The correlation between the ratio of BM-neutrophils/B lymphocytes and osteopenia in STZ-induced T1D mice was analyzed by nonparametric Spearman correlation analysis. RESULTS: The bone marrow cells in groups C and D were divided into 12 clusters, and 249 differentially expressed genes were found. The diversity of CD45+ immune cells between groups C and D were greatly affected: the proportion of BM-neutrophils showed a significant increase while the proportion of B lymphocytes in group D showed a significant decrease. X-ray and micro-CT analyses confirmed that osteopenia occurred in group D mice. In addition, the results of single-cell flow cytometry and correlation analysis showed that the ratio of BM-neutrophils/B lymphocytes negatively correlated with osteopenia in STZ-induced T1D mice. CONCLUSION: A single-cell RNA sequencing analysis revealed the profile and heterogeneity of bone marrow immune cells in STZ-induced T1D mice for the first time. The ratio of BM-neutrophils/B lymphocytes negatively correlated with osteopenia in STZ-induced T1D mice, which may enhance understanding for treating T1D and preventing T1D-induced osteopenia.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Camundongos , Animais , Estreptozocina , Medula Óssea , Análise de Sequência de RNA
2.
J Cardiovasc Dev Dis ; 9(11)2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36354768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an inheritable arrhythmia syndrome that can lead to sudden cardiac death in patients while the heart structure is normal. However, the genetic background of more than 65% of BrS probands remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to report the variant spectrum in a Chinese cohort with suspected BrS and to analyze their distinct clinical and electrocardiographic features. METHODS: Patients with suspected BrS from Tongji Hospital between 2008 and 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: A total of 79 probands were included in this study. Patients with type 1 BrS electrocardiogram (ECG) had a prolonged QRS duration compared to patients with type 2/3 BrS ECG. Of them, 59 probands underwent genetic testing. Twenty-five patients (42.37%) showed abnormal genetic testing results, and eight of them (13.56%) carried pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) mutations. Mutation carriers presented much more prominent depolarization and repolarization abnormalities than non-carriers, including a prolonged P-wave duration, QRS duration, QTc interval, decreased QRS amplitude, and deviation of the electrocardiographic axes (T-wave axis and R-wave axis). Furthermore, our study identified four novel P/LP mutations: Q3508X in TTN, A990G in KCNH2, G1220E, and D372H (in a representative pedigree) in SCN5A. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed the variant spectrum of a suspected Chinese BrS cohort, and we identified four novel P/LP mutations in TTN, KCNH2, and SCN5A.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36331733

RESUMO

Noise pollution has become one of the important social hazards that endanger the auditory system of residents, causing noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Oxidative stress has a significant role in the pathogenesis of NIHL, in which the silent information regulator 1(SIRT1)/proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) signaling pathway is closely engaged. Ginsenoside Rd (GSRd), a main monomer extract from ginseng plants, has been confirmed to suppress oxidative stress. Therefore, the hypothesis that GSRd may attenuate noise-induced cochlear hair cell loss seemed promising. Forty-eight male guinea pigs were randomly divided into four groups: control, noise exposure, GSRd treatment (30 mg/kg Rd for 10d + noise), and experimental control (30 mg/kg glycerol + noise). The experimental groups received military helicopter noise exposure at 115 dB (A) for 4 h daily for five consecutive days. Hair cell damage was evaluated by using inner ear basilar membrane preparation and scanning electron microscopy. Terminal dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) and immunofluorescence staining were conducted. Changes in the SIRT1/PGC-1α signaling pathway and other apoptosis-related markers in the cochleae, as well as oxidative stress parameters, were used as readouts. Loss of outer hair cells, more disordered cilia, prominent apoptosis, and elevated free radical levels were observed in the experimental groups. GSRd treatment markedly mitigated hearing threshold shifts, ameliorated outer hair cell loss and lodging or loss of cilia, and improved apoptosis through decreasing Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) expression and increasing Bcl-2 expression. In addition, GSRd alleviated the noise-induced cochlear redox injury by upregulating superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) levels, decreasing malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, and enhancing the activity of SIRT1 and PGC-1α messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein expression. In conclusion, GSRd can improve structural and oxidative damage to the cochleae caused by noise. The underlying mechanisms may be associated with the SIRT1/PGC-1α signaling pathway.

4.
J Org Chem ; 2022 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36273332

RESUMO

Electroreductive ring-opening carboxylation of cycloketone oxime esters with atmospheric carbon dioxide is reported. This reaction proceeded under simple constant current conditions in an undivided cell using glassy carbon as the cathode and magnesium as the sacrificial anode, providing substituted γ- and δ-cyanocarboxylic acids in moderate to good yields. Electrochemically generated cyanoalkyl radicals and cyanoalkyl anion are proposed as the key intermediates.

5.
Lupus ; 31(14): 1735-1743, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36194484

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our present study intended to examine the associations of RPEL1 and miR-1307 gene polymorphisms (rs4917385 and rs7911488) with susceptibility, glucocorticoids (GCs) efficacy, anxiety, depression, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Chinese systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. METHODS: Initially, 1000 participants (500 SLE cases and 500 controls) were recruited for the case-control study. Then, 429 cases who received GCs were followed through 12 weeks to explore GCs efficacy, depression, anxiety, and HRQoL. We selected the iMLDR technique for genotyping: RPEL1: rs4917385 (G/T) and miR-1307: rs7911488 (A/G). RESULTS: The minor G allele of rs7911488 reduced the risk of SLE (p = .024). Four haplotypes consisting of rs4917385 and rs7911488 were associated with SLE susceptibility (p < .025). Both rs4917385 and rs7911488 were associated with anxiety symptoms and physical function (PF) in SLE patients (p < .025). The rs4917385 was associated with depression and its improvement. No statistical significance was found between RPEL1 and miR-1307 gene polymorphisms with GCs efficacy. Meanwhile, additive interaction analysis showed a significant association between RPEL1 and miR-1307 gene polymorphisms with tea consumption in anxiety. CONCLUSION: RPEL1 and miR-1307 gene polymorphisms (rs4917385 and rs7911488) might be related to SLE susceptibility in Chinese population. Additionally, the two polymorphisms were possibly associated with depression, anxiety, and HRQoL in Chinese SLE population.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Depressão , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Ansiedade/genética , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Depressão/genética , Depressão/diagnóstico , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/psicologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Qualidade de Vida
6.
Front Immunol ; 13: 975847, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091055

RESUMO

Despite tremendous progress made in the diagnosis and managements, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSC) remains a global medical dilemma with dismal clinical prognosis and high mortality. Gene NT5E encodes the ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73), which facilitates the formation of immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) permissive for tumor progression in various malignancies. Nevertheless, the cell subsets NT5E expressed on and the potential function of NT5E in the TME of HNSC remain virgin lands in HNSC. In this study, we comprehensively performed integrated prognostic analysis and elucidated that NT5E was an independent prognostic indicator for HNSC, for which a high NT5E level predicted poor overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS) and progression-free interval (PFI) in HNSC patients (p<0.05). Enrichment analyses revealed the close correlation between NT5E and ECM remodeling, and the latent function of NT5E may involve in epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasis during HNSC progression. HNSC-related immune infiltration analysis and single-cell type analysis demonstrated that NT5E expression was significantly positively associated with cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in HNSC (p<0.01). NT5E-related TME analysis revealed that NT5E-high group are characterized by low neoantigen loads (NAL, p<0.001) and tumor mutation burden (TMB, p<0.01), indicating high-NT5E-expression HNSC patients may be recalcitrant to immunotherapy. In-situ multicolor immunofluorescence staining was later conducted and the results further verified our findings. Taken together, NT5E could be a novel biomarker in HNSC. Predominantly expressed on CAFs, the upregulation of NT5E might predict an immunosuppressive TME for HNSC patients who may benefit little from immunotherapy. Targeting CAFs with high NT5E expression might be a novel therapeutic strategy for HNSC patients.


Assuntos
5'-Nucleotidase , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Microambiente Tumoral , 5'-Nucleotidase/genética , 5'-Nucleotidase/imunologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/imunologia , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/imunologia , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/genética , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/imunologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/imunologia , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Regulação para Cima
7.
Immunol Res ; 70(6): 850-859, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103009

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the role of mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) in the risk, glucocorticoid (GC) effectiveness, and prognosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and its interactions with environmental factors and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated protein 1 (TRAP1) genetic polymorphisms. We first conducted a case-control study of 1198 subjects (595 SLE patients and 603 healthy controls). Subsequently, we followed up with patients to assess the effectiveness of GC treatment and the prognosis of SLE. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to quantify mtDNAcn. Associations were estimated using logistic regression, and prognosis analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazards models. Interactions on multiplicative and additive scales were also evaluated. Individuals with low mtDNAcn had an increased risk of SLE (P < 0.001). Low mtDNAcn was associated with poor GC effectiveness in patients with spicy food consumption or with arthritis (P < 0.05). mtDNAcn was significantly related to the prognosis of SLE in the drinking subgroup (P = 0.018). Furthermore, we found significant interactions between mtDNAcn and environmental factors/TRAP1 genetic polymorphisms on the risk, GC effectiveness, and prognosis of SLE. Our data suggest that low mtDNAcn is associated with an increased risk of SLE. Alteration of mtDNAcn may be associated with GC effectiveness and prognosis in certain subgroups of SLE. The interactions between mtDNAcn, environmental factors, and TRAP1 gene polymorphisms may jointly affect the risk, GC effectiveness, and prognosis of SLE.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Humanos , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Prognóstico , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90
8.
Int J Legal Med ; 2022 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36175800

RESUMO

Post-mortem diagnosis of fatal hypothermia (FHT) is challenging in forensic practice because traditional morphological and biochemical methods lack specificity. Recent studies have reported that brown adipose tissue (BAT) is activated during cold-induced non-shivering thermogenesis in mammals, but BAT has not been used to diagnose FHT. The aim of this study was to identify novel biomarkers in BAT for FHT based on morphological changes and differential protein expression. Two FHT animal models were created by exposing mice to 4 or -20 °C at 50% humidity. Morphologically, the unilocular lipid droplet content was significantly increased in BAT of FHT model mice compared with that of control mice. Proteomics analysis revealed a total of 283 and 266 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) between the 4 or -20 °C FHT subgroups and control group, respectively. In addition, 140 proteins were shared between the FHT subgroups. GO and KEGG analyses revealed that the shared DEPs were mainly enriched in pathways associated with metabolism, oxidative phosphorylation, and thermogenesis. Further screening (|log2FC| > 1.6, q-value (FDR) < 0.05) identified GMFB, KDM1A, DDX6, RAB1B, SHMT-1, CLPTM1, and LMF1 as candidate biomarkers of FHT. Subsequent validation experiments were performed in FHT model mice using classic immunohistochemistry and western blotting. RAB1B and GMFB expression was further verified in BAT specimens from human cases of FHT. The results demonstrate that BAT can be used as a target organ for FHT diagnosis employing RAB1B and GMFB as biological markers, thus providing a new strategy for the post-mortem diagnosis of FHT in forensic practice.

9.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 905902, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935790

RESUMO

Port-wine stains (PWSs) are a congenital capillary malformed disorder and are caused by a number of somatic mutations that disrupt vascular development. However, the underlying genetic mutations in the pathogenesis of PWS have not yet been fully elucidated. To understand PWS genetic variations and investigate novel genetic mutations, we extracted genomic DNA from four sporadic PWS patients and then performed whole-genome sequencing (WGS). Using Sorting Intolerant from Tolerant (SIFT), PolyPhen2, Mutation Assessor, MetaSVM to identify candidate genetic mutations and whole-exome sequencing (WES) to confirm the identified variants. We found a previously reported G protein subunit alpha q (GNAQ) mutation c.548G > A, p.Arg183Gln in one case, whereas no such mutation was found in the other three samples. Moreover, six novel somatic mutations in three genes, including KCNJ12, SLC25A5, POTEE, were found in these four samples. Importantly, WES also verified the KCNJ12 (c.433G > A, p.Gly145Ser) and SLC25A5 (c.413G > A, p.Arg138His) mutations in other five sporadic PWS patients, with the frequency of 60% (3 of 5) and 40% (2 of 5), respectively. Thus, we reveal in this study two novel somatic mutations, KCNJ12 and SLC25A5, in the sporadic PWS patients for the first time. These findings highlight the genetic polymorphism of PWS and provide potential clinical prediction targets for this disease.

10.
Diagn Interv Radiol ; 28(4): 301-311, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35950275

RESUMO

PURPOSE We aimed to develop models for predicting overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS Clinicopathological characteristics and laboratory information of patients were collected. We retrospectively analyzed presurgical data of 216 patients with primary HCC. The random forest and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression models were used to select features. We established prognostic models for predicting OS and PFS of primary liver cancer using ultrasonic imaging as well as clinical and pathological features. Accuracy of the models was evaluated using area under the curve, C index, and calibration curves, whereas their clinical application value was assessed using decision curve analysis. RESULTS Models for predicting OS and PFS were established based on ultrasonic imaging accessible features. The models showed excellent accuracy and prognosis prediction of OS and PFS in patients with primary HCC. CONCLUSION The established models based on factors such as aspartate aminotransferase platelet ratio index, Child-Turcotte-Pugh grade, tumor grade, hepatitis B virus-DNA, the intensity of ultrasound enhancement at the portal stage, lymphocyte/monocyte ratio, portal hypertension, gender, stage, the beginning time of ultrasonic contrast, and the total grade of ultrasonic enhancement can effectively predict OS and PFS of primary HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia
11.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 964109, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35958212

RESUMO

Soil eutrophication from atmospheric deposition and fertilization threatens biodiversity and the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems worldwide. Increases in soil nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) content can alter the biomass and structure of plant communities in grassland ecosystems; however, the impact of these changes on plant-pollinator interactions is not yet clear. In this study, we tested how changes in flowering plant diversity and composition due to N and P enrichment affected pollinator communities and pollination interactions. Our experiments, conducted in a Tibetan alpine grassland, included four fertilization treatments: N (10 g N m-2 year-1), P (5 g P m-2 year-1), a combination of N and P (N + P), and control. We found that changes in flowering plant composition and diversity under the N and P treatments did not alter the pollinator richness or abundance. The N and P treatments also had limited effects on the plant-pollinator interactions, including the interaction numbers, visit numbers, plant and pollinator species dissimilarity, plant-pollinator interaction dissimilarity, average number of pollinator species attracted by each plant species (vulnerability), and average number of plant species visited by each pollinator species (generality). However, the N + P treatment increased the species and interaction dissimilarity in flowering plant and pollinator communities and decreased the generality in plant-pollinator interactions. These data highlight that changes in flowering plants caused by N + P enrichment alter pollination interactions between flowering plants and pollinators. Owing to changes in flowering plant communities, the plant-pollinator interactions could be sensitive to the changing environment in alpine regions.

12.
Pharmacol Res ; 183: 106377, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926806

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) can change the intestinal microbiota pattern and corresponding metabolites, which in turn affect the prognosis of SCI. Among many metabolites, short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are critical for neurological recovery after SCI. Recent research has shown that resveratrol exerts anti-inflammatory properties. But it is unknown if the anti-inflammatory properties of resveratrol are associated with intestinal microbiota and metabolites. We thus investigate the alteration in gut microbiota and the consequent change of SCFAs following resveratrol treatment. The SCI mouse models with retention of gut microbiota (donor) and depletion of gut microbiota (recipient) were established. Fecal microbiota transplantation from donors to recipients was performed with intragastrical administration. Spinal cord tissues of mice were examined by H&E, Nissl, and immunofluorescence stainings. The expressions of the inflammatory profile were examined by qPCR and cytometric bead array. Fecal samples of mice were collected and analyzed with 16S rRNA sequencing. The results showed that resveratrol inhibited the microglial activation and promoted the functional recovery of SCI. The analysis of intestinal microbiota and metabolites indicated that SCI caused dysbiosis and the decrease in butyrate, while resveratrol restored microbiota pattern, reversed intestinal dysbiosis, and increased the concentration of butyrate. Both fecal supernatants from resveratrol-treated donors and butyrate suppressed the expression of pro-inflammatory genes in BV2 microglia. Our result demonstrated that fecal microbiota transplantation from resveratrol-treated donors had beneficial effects on the functional recovery of SCI. One mechanism of resveratrol effects was to restore the disrupted gut microbiota and butyrate.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Butiratos/farmacologia , Disbiose , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/metabolismo , Camundongos , Microglia/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Resveratrol/uso terapêutico , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico
13.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 190: 1-14, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933052

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Mitochondrial transfer is a new cell-to-cell communication manner. Whether the mitochondrial transfer is also involved in the macrophage infiltration-induced cardiac injury is unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine whether macrophage mitochondria can be transferred to cardiomyocytes, and to investigate its possible role and mechanism. METHODS: Mitochondrial transfer between macrophages and cardiomyocytes was detected using immunofluorescence staining and flow cytometry. Cellular metabolites were analyzed using LC-MS technique. Differentially expressed mRNAs were identified using RNA-seq technique. RESULTS: (1) After cardiomyocytes were cultured with macrophage-conditioned medium (COND + group), macrophage-derived mitochondria have been found in cardiomyocytes, which could be blocked by dynasore (an inhibitor of clathrin-mediated endocytosis). (2) Compared with control (CM) group, there were 545 altered metabolites found in COND + group, most of which were lipids and lipid-like molecules. The altered metabolites were mainly enriched in the ß-oxidation of fatty acids and glutathione metabolism. And there were 4824 differentially expressed mRNAs, which were highly enriched in processes like lipid metabolism-associated pathway. (3) Both RNA-seq and qRT-PCR results found that ferroptosis-related mRNAs such as Ptgs2 and Acsl4 increased, and Gpx4 mRNA decreased in COND + group (P < 0.05 vs CM group). (4) The levels of cellular free Fe2+ and mitochondrial lipid peroxidation were increased; while GSH/GSSG ratio, mitochondrial aspect ratio, mitochondrial membrane potential, and ATP production were decreased in cardiomyocytes of COND + group (P < 0.05 vs CM group). All the above phenomena could be blocked by a ferroptosis inhibitor ferrostatin-1 (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Macrophages could transfer mitochondria to cardiomyocytes. Macrophage-derived mitochondria were internalized into cardiomyocytes through clathrin- and/or lipid raft-mediated endocytosis. Uptake of exogenous macrophage mitochondria induced cardiomyocyte injury via triggering ferroptosis.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Miócitos Cardíacos , Clatrina/metabolismo , Ferroptose/genética , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo
14.
Biomedicines ; 10(7)2022 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35884848

RESUMO

Protein is the basic organic substance that constitutes the cell and is the material condition for the life activity and the guarantee of the biological function activity. Elucidating the interactions and functions of proteins is a central task in exploring the mysteries of life. As an important protein interaction, self-interacting protein (SIP) has a critical role. The fast growth of high-throughput experimental techniques among biomolecules has led to a massive influx of available SIP data. How to conduct scientific research using the massive amount of SIP data has become a new challenge that is being faced in related research fields such as biology and medicine. In this work, we design an SIP prediction method SIPGCN using a deep learning graph convolutional network (GCN) based on protein sequences. First, protein sequences are characterized using a position-specific scoring matrix, which is able to describe the biological evolutionary message, then their hidden features are extracted by the deep learning method GCN, and, finally, the random forest is utilized to predict whether there are interrelationships between proteins. In the cross-validation experiment, SIPGCN achieved 93.65% accuracy and 99.64% specificity in the human data set. SIPGCN achieved 90.69% and 99.08% of these two indicators in the yeast data set, respectively. Compared with other feature models and previous methods, SIPGCN showed excellent results. These outcomes suggest that SIPGCN may be a suitable instrument for predicting SIP and may be a reliable candidate for future wet experiments.

15.
J Antimicrob Chemother ; 77(11): 2937-2945, 2022 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35880764

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To reconstruct the genomic epidemiology and evolution of MDR Salmonella Indiana in China. METHODS: A total of 108 Salmonella Indiana strains were collected from humans and livestock in China. All isolates were subjected to WGS and antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary analyses were conducted using WGS data from this study and the NCBI database. RESULTS: Almost all 108 Salmonella Indiana strains displayed the MDR phenotype. Importantly, 84 isolates possessed concurrent resistance to ciprofloxacin and cefotaxime. WGS analysis revealed that class 1 integrons on the chromosome and IncHI2 plasmids were the key vectors responsible for multiple antibiotic resistance gene (ARG) [including ESBL and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes] transmission among Salmonella Indiana. The 108 Salmonella Indiana dataset displayed a relatively large core genome and ST17 was the predominant ST. Moreover, the global ST17 Salmonella Indiana strains could be divided into five distinct lineages, each of which was significantly associated with a geographical distribution. Genomic analysis revealed multiple antimicrobial resistance determinants and QRDR mutations in Chinese lineages, which almost did not occur in other global lineages. Using molecular clock analysis, we hypothesized that ST17 isolates have existed since 1956 and underwent a major population expansion from the 1980s to the 2000s and the genetic diversity started to decrease around 2011, probably due to geographical barriers, antimicrobial selective pressure and MDR, favouring the establishment of this prevalent multiple antibiotic-resistant lineage and local epidemics. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that adaptation to antimicrobial pressure was possibly pivotal in the recent evolutionary trajectory for the clonal spread of ST17 Salmonella Indiana in China.


Assuntos
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Salmonella enterica , Humanos , Filogenia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Salmonella enterica/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Salmonella , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , China/epidemiologia
16.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 61(38): e202207660, 2022 09 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35862121

RESUMO

Highly selective and direct electroreductive ring-opening carboxylation of epoxides with CO2 in an undivided cell is reported. This reaction shows broad substrate scopes within styrene oxides under mild conditions, providing practical and scalable access to important synthetic intermediate ß-hydroxy acids. Mechanistic studies show that CO2 functions not only as a carboxylative reagent in this reaction but also as a promoter to enable efficient and chemoselective transformation of epoxides under additive-free electrochemical conditions. Cathodically generated α-radical and α-carbanion intermediates lead to the regioselective formation of α-carboxylation products.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Hidroxiácidos , Compostos de Epóxi , Estirenos
17.
Scott Med J ; 67(3): 109-120, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35686317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This updated meta-analysis aimed to further quantify the risk of endometrial, ovarian, and breast cancer in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), thus providing updated and more reliable estimates. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified relevant articles by searching electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Chinese Biological Medical Literature (CBM) published up to March 20, 2021. The pooled effect estimates and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using the random-effect model or the fixed-effect model. A total of 26 eligible studies were included. We found that PCOS was significantly associated with endometrial cancer (odds ratios [OR]: 3.66, 95%CI: 2.05-6.54, P < 0.001), but not with ovarian or breast cancer (OR: 1.23, 95%CI: 0.99-1.53, P = 0.059; OR: 0.94, 95%CI: 0.78-1.14, P = 0.551, respectively). However, in subgroups of high-quality studies, cohort studies, younger women (54 years or less or premenopausal), and studies with unadjusted body mass index (BMI), PCOS patients had a significantly higher risk of ovarian cancer. CONCLUSION: These results indicated that PCOS is a significant risk factor for endometrial cancer independent of BMI, but not for breast cancer. PCOS may increase the risk of ovarian cancer in younger women.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias do Endométrio , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/complicações , Neoplasias do Endométrio/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/etiologia , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/complicações , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
18.
Plant Divers ; 44(3): 290-299, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35769593

RESUMO

Delimiting species requires multiple sources of evidence. Here, we delimited two varieties of Halenia elliptica (Gentianaceae) using several lines of evidence, including morphological traits and mating system in a sympatric population, phylogenetic relationships based on nrITS and cpDNA (rpl16) data, and complete chloroplast genome sequences. Comparative analysis of 21 morphological traits clearly separates the two varieties of H. elliptica. Examination of the flowering process and pollination treatments indicate that H. elliptica var. grandiflora produces seeds via outcrossing, whereas H. elliptica var. elliptica produces seeds via mixed mating. Furthermore, hand-pollinated hybridization of the two varieties produced no seeds. Observations of pollinators showed that when bees began a pollination bout on H. elliptica var. grandiflora they preferred to continue pollinating this variety; however, when they began a pollination bout on H. elliptica var. elliptica, they showed no preference for either variety. Phylogenetic analysis confirmed the monophyly of H. elliptica, which was further divided into two monophyletic clades corresponding to the two varieties. A large number of variants from the chloroplast genomes reflected remarkable genetic dissimilarities between the two varieties of H. elliptica. We recommend that the two varieties of H. elliptica should be revised as two species (H. elliptica and H. grandiflora). Our findings indicate that H. elliptica varieties may have split into two separate species due to a shift in mating system, changes in flowering phenology and/or post-pollination reproductive isolation.

19.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(1): 59-66, 2022 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35725705

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The metabolomics technique of LC-MS/MS combined with data analysis was used to detect changes and differences in metabolic profiles in the vitreous humor of early rat carcasses found in water, and to explore the feasibility of its use for early postmortem submersion interval (PMSI) estimation and the cause of death determination. METHODS: The experimental model was established in natural lake water with 100 SD rats were randomly divided into a drowning group (n=50) and a postmortem (CO2 suffocation) immediately submersion group (n=50). Vitreous humor was extracted from 10 rats in each group at 0, 6, 12, 18 and 24 h postmortem for metabolomics analyses, of which 8 were used as the training set to build the model, and 2 were used as test set. PCA and PLS multivariate statistical analysis were performed to explore the differences in metabolic profiles among PMSI and causes of death in the training set samples. Then random forest (RF) algorithm was used to screen several biomarkers to establish a model. RESULTS: PCA and PLS analysis showed that the metabolic profiles had time regularity, but no differences were found among different causes of death. Thirteen small molecule biomarkers with good temporal correlation were selected by RF algorithm. A simple PMSI estimation model was constructed based on this indicator set, and the data of the test samples showed the mean absolute error (MAE) of the model was 0.847 h. CONCLUSIONS: The 13 metabolic markers screened in the vitreous humor of rat corpses in water had good correlations with the early PMSI. The simplified PMSI estimation model constructed by RF can be used to estimate the PMSI. Additionally, the metabolic profiles of vitreous humor cannot be used for early identification of cause of death in water carcasses.


Assuntos
Mudanças Depois da Morte , Corpo Vítreo , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Cadáver , Cromatografia Líquida , Imersão , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Corpo Vítreo/metabolismo , Água/metabolismo
20.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(5): 432, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504882

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation is regarded as a vital pathological process in spinal cord injury (SCI), which removes damaged tissue, secretes cytokines, and facilitates regeneration. Repopulation of microglia has been shown to favor recovery from SCI. However, the origin and regulatory factors of microglia repopulation after SCI remain unknown. Here, we used single-cell RNA sequencing to portray the dynamic transcriptional landscape of immune cells during the early and late phases of SCI in mice. B cells and migDCs, located in the meninges under physiological conditions, are involved in immune surveillance. Microglia quickly reduced, and peripheral myeloid cells infiltrated three days-post-injury (dpi). At 14 dpi, microglia repopulated, myeloid cells were reduced, and lymphocytes infiltrated. Importantly, genetic lineage tracing of nestin+ and Cx3cr1+ cells in vivo showed that the repopulation of microglia was derived from residual microglia after SCI. We found that residual microglia regress to a developmental growth state in the early stages after SCI. Hif1α promotes microglial proliferation. Conditional ablation of Hif1α in microglia causes larger lesion sizes, fewer axon fibers, and impaired functional recovery in the late stages after SCI. Our results mapped the immune heterogeneity in SCI and raised the possibility that targeting Hif1α may help in axon regeneration and functional recovery after SCI.


Assuntos
Microglia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Axônios/patologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Camundongos , Microglia/patologia , Regeneração Nervosa/genética , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/patologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...