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1.
Haematologica ; 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32165482

RESUMO

Nucleotides mediate intercellular communication by activating purinergic receptors and take part in various physiological and pathological processes. Abnormal purinergic signaling plays important roles in malignant progression. P2X7, which belongs to the P2X family of purinergic receptors, is abnormally expressed in various types of malignancies including leukemia. However, its role and molecular mechanism in leukemia have not been elucidated. Here, we analyzed the correlation between P2X7 expression and AML clinical outcome; explored the role and mechanism of P2X7 in AML progression by using mouse acute myeloid leukemia (AML), nude mouse xenograft and patient-derived xenograft models. High levels of P2X7 expression were correlated with worse survival in AML. P2X7 was highly expressed in MLL-rearranged AML. Furthermore, P2X7 accelerated the progression of MLL-rearranged AML by both promoting cell proliferation and increasing leukemia stem cell (LSC) levels. Moreover, P2X7 caused upregulation of Pbx3 accounts for its pro-leukemic effects. The P2X7-Pbx3 pathway might also contribute to the progression of other types of leukemia as well as solid tumors with high levels of P2X7 expression. Our study provides new insights into the malignant progression caused by abnormal purinergic signaling.

2.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32126150

RESUMO

Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most common aggressive cancers of the central nervous system in adults with a high mortality rate. Bortezomib is a boronic acid-based potent proteasome inhibitor that has been actively studied for its anti-tumour effects through inhibition of the proteasome. The proteasome is a key component of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway that is critical for protein homeostasis, regulation of cellular growth, and apoptosis. Overexpression of polo-like kinase 4 (PLK4) is commonly reported in tumour cells and increases their invasive and metastatic abilities. In this study, we established a cell model of PLK4 knockdown and overexpression in LN-18, A172 and LN-229 cells and found that knockdown of PLK4 expression enhanced the anti-tumour effect of bortezomib. We further found that this effect may be mediated by the PTEN/PI3K/AKT/mTOR signalling pathway and that the apoptotic and oxidative stress processes were activated, while the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) was down-regulated. Similar phenomenon was observed using in vitro experiments. Thus, we speculate that PLK4 inhibition may be a new therapeutic strategy for GBM.

3.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144732

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SnapECG is a new handheld single-lead electrocardiograph (ECG) device used for arrhythmia screening, it is widely used in clinical practice but not in primary care. AIMS: To evaluate the arrhythmia screening value of SnapECG among a community-based population. METHODS: A cross-sectional community-based study of multistage stratified cluster sampling was conducted from March 1st to April 30th 2019. The sensitivities, specificities and the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUCROC) curves of the SnapECG and reference 12-lead ECG on arrhythmia were calculated in three age-groups [50-64 years, 65-74 years, and over-75 years]. RESULTS: A total of 2263 participants took part in the arrhythmia screening, these included 1479 aged 50-64 years, 602 aged 65-74 years and 182 aged over-75 years. The SnapECG categorized 1828 (80.8%) as sinus rhythm, 161 (7.1%) as premature atrial/ventricular contractions (PAVs/PCVs), 32 (1.4%) as possible atrial fibrillation (AF), 56 (2.5%) as supraventricular tachycardias or sinus bradycardia (SVT/SB) and 186 (8.2%) as unreadable. SnapECG had 89% sensitivity (95% CI 0.52-1.00) and 99% specificity (95% CI 0.97-0.99) of detecting AF in the 65-74 years age-group. The AUCROC to detect AF was 0.94 for the 65-74 years age-group, 0.77 for over-75 years, 0.62 for the 50-64 years. DISCUSSION: This study is the first community screening application of SnapECG. Main limitation is the SnapECG and the 12-lead ECG were not done simultaneously. CONCLUSIONS: In the people aged 65-74 years, AF can be detected accurately by the SnapECG with high sensitivity, specificity and large area under the ROC curve, which might have the highest screening predictive accuracy.

4.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(6): 935-946, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140063

RESUMO

Lymphoma is a malignant disease of the hematopoietic system that typically affects B cells. The up-regulation of miR-148b is associated with radiosensitization in B-cell lymphoma (BCL). This study aimed to explore the role of miR-148b in regulating the radiosensitivity of BCL cells and to investigate the underlying mechanism. miR-148b directly targeted Bcl-w, decreased the cell viability and colony formation, while promoted apoptosis, in irradiated BCL cells. These changes were accompanied by decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, release of cytochrome C, increased levels of the cleaved caspase 9 and caspase 3, and increased expression of other proteins related to the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. These effects of miR-148b were effectively inhibited by Bcl-w. In addition, miR-148b inhibited the growth of tumors in nude mice implanted with xenografts of irradiated Raji cells. In patients with BCL, levels of miR-148b were downregulated, while levels of Bcl-w were upregulated; a significant negative correlation between levels of miR-148b and Bcl-w was confirmed. Taken together, these experiments showed that miR-148b promoted radiation-induced apoptosis in BCL cells by targeting anti-apoptotic Bcl-w. miR-148b might be used as a marker to predict the radiosensitivity of BCL.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32139124

RESUMO

GGNBP1 is known as gametogenetin protein 1 (GGN1)-interacting protein. It is specifically expressed in the mitochondria of the testis, while its functional role during spermatogenesis is still unknown. Here, we showed that the disruption of Ggnbp1 resulted in abnormal spermiogenesis in around 40% mice, while the others show no defects in the genital system. Moreover, upon treatment with low dose of bisphenol A (BPA), Ggnbp1 knockout mice were more sensitive to environmental pollutant than control mice. The treatment led to decrease in sperm motility and production of abnormal spermatozoa. These results suggest that GGNBP1 mainly ensures proper spermiogenesis in response to various stresses in male mice.

6.
Cancer Biomark ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32116236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. MicroRNA-30a (miR-30a) has been demonstrated to be involved in several types of cancer development. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify he molecular mechanism of miR-30a in gastric cancer. METHODS: We investigated the expression of miR-30a in gastric cancer tissues by qRT-PCR. The role of miR-30a on the metastasis and proliferation of gastric cancer was evaluated by cell migration assay, CCK-8 assay and tumor peritoneal dissemination model. The target of miR-30a in gastric cancer was identified. RESULTS: We discovered that miR-30a was significantly downregulated in gastric cancer tissues compared with adjacent nonmalignant tissues. The expression of miR-30a was inversely correlated with progression of gastric cancer. Gain- and loss-of function revealed that miR-30a acted as a potent tumor suppressor in gastric cancer. Re-expressed miR-30a inhibited gastric cancer cells migration, knock down miR-30a have the opposite effects. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-30a suppressed tumor peritoneal dissemination in vivo. We identified that fibroblast activation protein α (FAPα) was a direct target of miR-30a. The relative expression of FAPα was significantly higher in gastric cancer tissues compared with adjacent nonmalignant tissues. Inhibition of FAPα could recapitulate the effects of miR-30a, and overexpression of FAPα could abrogate the effect of miR-30a. CONCLUSION: MiR-30a inhibited gastric cancer metastasis by targeting FAPα, suggesting that miR-30a may function as a novel tumor suppressor in gastric cancer.

7.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(5): 4111-4123, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155130

RESUMO

Mounting studies have shown that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in the development and occurrence of several human diseases. However, the role of LINC00461 in osteoarthritis (OA) remains obscure. A CCK-8 assay was performed to detect cell viability, and qRT-PCR analysis was used to measure mRNA expression. The targeting by miR-30a-5p of the LINC00461 3'UTR was detected using a luciferase reporter assay. Our data indicated that the inflammatory mediators IL-6 and TNF-α induced LINC00461 expression in chondrocytes and that the expression of LINC00461 was upregulated in OA tissues. Furthermore, we showed that TNF-α and IL-6 suppressed the expression of miR-30a-5p and that miR-30a-5p expression was lower in OA tissues than in normal samples. The expression level of miR-30a-5p in OA tissues was negatively related to LINC00461 expression. In addition, we showed that LINC00461 directly interacted with miR-30a-5p in chondrocytes. Elevated expression of LINC00461 induced chondrocyte proliferation, cell cycle progression, inflammation, and extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation. However, we demonstrated that ectopic expression of miR-30a-5p suppressed cell growth, cell cycle progression, inflammation and ECM degradation. Finally, we found that overexpression of LINC00461 enhanced chondrocyte proliferation, cell cycle progression, inflammation, and ECM degradation by downregulating miR-30a-5p. These data demonstrated that LINC00461 may modulate the development of OA by suppressing miR-30a-5p expression in chondrocytes. We propose that LINC00461 and miR-30a-5p may be potential therapeutic and diagnostic targets for OA.

8.
Exp Dermatol ; 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155290

RESUMO

Subcutaneous mast cells (MCs) are vulnerable to mechanical stimulation from external environment. Thus, MCs immune function could be modulated by their mechanosensitivity. This property has been identified as the trigger mechanism of needling acupuncture, a traditional oriental therapy. Previously we have demonstrated the release of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a stress-responsive signalling molecule, from mechanical-perturbed MCs. The current work explores its underlying mechanisms. We noticed that propagation of intracellular free Ca2+ occurred among HMC-1 cells in response to 50% hypotonic shock. Additionally, amplifying cascade of ATP-induced ATP release was observed in RBL-2H3 cells stimulated by medium displacement, which could be mimicked by exogenous ATP (exoATP). Secondary ATP liberation induced by low level (50 nmol/L) of exoATP was reduced by inhibiting ecto-ATPase-dependent ADP production with ARL67156, or blocking P2 receptors with suramin or PPADS, or with specific P2Y13 receptor antagonist MRS2211, or siRNA. Secondary ATP release induced by higher dose (200 µmol/L) of exoATP, sufficient to stimulate P2X7 receptor, was attenuated by suramin, PPADS or specific P2X7 receptor antagonist BBG, or siRNA. Finally, RT-PCR confirmed mRNA expression of P2Y13 and P2X7 in RBL-2H3 cells. Additionally, such secondary ATP release was attenuated by DPCPX, specific antagonist of adenosine A1 receptor, but not by MRS2179, specific inhibitor of P2Y1 receptor. In summary, mechanosensitive ATP release from MCs is facilitated by paracrine/autocrine stimulation of P2Y13 and P2X7 receptors. This multi-receptor combination could mediate transmission of information from a local site to distal areas, enabling communication with multiple surrounding cells to coordinate and synchronize their function.

9.
Biomaterials ; 242: 119922, 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155476

RESUMO

Design and fabrication of scaffolds with three-dimensional (3D) topological cues inducing regeneration of the neo-tissue comparable to native one remains a major challenge in both scientific and clinical fields. Here, we developed a well-designed vascular graft with 3D highly interconnected and circumferentially oriented microchannels by using the sacrificial sugar microfiber leaching method. The microchannels structure was capable of promoting the migration, oriented arrangement, elongation, and the contractile phenotype expression of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in vitro. After implantation into the rat aorta defect model, the microchannels in vascular grafts simultaneously improved the infiltration and aligned arrangement of VSMCs and the oriented deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM), as well as the recruitment and polarization of macrophages. These positive results also provided protection and support for ECs growth, and ultimately accelerated the endothelialization. Our research provides a new strategy for the fabrication of grafts with the capability of inducing arterial regeneration, which could be further extended to apply in preparing other kinds of oriented scaffolds aiming to guide oriented tissue in situ regeneration.

10.
Acta Biochim Pol ; 67(1): 135-141, 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32191410

RESUMO

Recently, embryo muscle development, which is crucial for postnatal skeletal muscle growth, has been investigated widely. Nutrients in ovo were suggested to be critical in embryo muscle development since the chick growth mostly relies on nutrients in eggs at the early developmental stage. Phytosterol esters (PE), which are derived from the reactions between phytosterols and fatty acids, were demonstrated to have important effects on lipid and cholesterol metabolism regulation. In order to reveal the effect of maternal lipid metabolism on the deposition of nutrients in eggs and the development of embryonic muscles, broiler hens were fed with a diet supplemented with 5% PE or control diet. Lipid deposition in eggs and growth of the hatched chicks were studied. We found that PE increased bile acid (BA) deposition in the eggs and serum of hens (p=0.02 and p<0.01, respectively), altered insulin and glucose level differentially in female and male offspring, and promoted body weight (p=0.02 for male and female on day 49), muscle fiber density (p=0.02 for female on day 49), and myogenin and myogenic determination factor (myoD) expression (p=0.03 and p=0.02 on day 49) by the activation of BA receptors in female, but not in male, offspring. Our study determined for the first time that PE promoted muscle development of chicks hatching from eggs laid by the hens, through regulating bile acid (BA) deposition and this may be attributed to the activation of BA receptors.

11.
Psychiatry Res ; 287: 112907, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179210

RESUMO

New methods for using ketamine in patients with propofol-electroconvulsive therapy-resistant depression (ECT-RD) are needed in the clinic. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of ketamine plus ECT in ECT-RD patients, along with the treatment-induced brain alterations. A total of 28 ECT-RD patients were intravenously injected with ketamine six times and treated with propofol-ECT six times alternately within two weeks. The Hamilton Depression Scale was used to assess the treatment effect. Global functional connectivity density (gFCD) and functional connectivity strength (FCS) were used to evaluate functional brain alterations. As compared with the propofol-ECT treatment group, the addition of ketamine could improve the therapeutic outcomes in patients with ECT-RD. The treatment increased gFCD in the left temporal and subgenual anterior cingulated cortex. Simultaneously, the treatment decreased FCS within the default mode network. Although increased functional connectivity could be sustained for 10 days, the clinical effect was only sustained 7 days, indicating that the clinical effect and functional brain alterations were disjointed. Ketamine plus propofol-ECT can obviously improve the effects of propofol-ECT in ECT-RD patients. However, the effect is limited in 7 days, suggesting the benefit is short-term.

12.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32204926

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The grayish appearance of a titanium abutment discolors the peri-implant soft tissue, especially if the gingiva is thin. Whether an anodized titanium abutment can prevent the discoloration is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to investigate the color change of peri-implant soft tissue surrounding a titanium abutment that had been colored by anodic oxidation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Commercially available titanium abutments were anodized to form a gold and pink titanium abutment and formed the experimental groups. Unanodized titanium and zirconia abutment were used as the control groups. Four types of abutments were fabricated for each participant who received dental implants in the anterior maxilla. The abutments and corresponding definitive crowns were inserted, and the color of the peri-implant soft tissue and contralateral gingiva were measured with a spectrophotometer. The thickness of the peri-implant soft tissue was recorded after probing with an endodontic file. RESULTS: Eleven participants were included in this study. The color differences caused by all tested abutments were higher than the critical threshold of ΔE=3.7. The mean color difference (ΔE), from low to high, was the zirconia, pink-anodized titanium, gold-anodized titanium, and unanodized titanium abutment; their values of (ΔE) were 6.81, 7.63, 7.90, and 8.74, respectively. The mean thickness of the peri-implant soft tissue was 2.41 ±0.52 mm. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitation of the small sample size in this study, the gold-anodized and pink-anodized titanium abutment achieved better esthetics for peri-implant soft tissue than the unanodized titanium abutment. Zirconia was the optimal abutment material for the esthetic region.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(20): 3061-3064, 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048685

RESUMO

Four crystal phases of ruthenium-boron intermetallics, including Ru7B3, RuB, Ru2B3 and RuB2, are selectively synthesized. With the increase in boron content for the ruthenium-boron intermetallics, Ru-B hybridization interactions decrease. And their hydrogen-evolution electrocatalytic performances are compared, with those of RuB2 exhibiting the best electrocatalytic activity and stability.

14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(3)2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046128

RESUMO

The BeiDou navigation satellite system (BDS) developed by China can provide users with high precision, as well as all-weather and real-time positioning and navigation. It can be widely used in many applications. However, new challenges emerge with the development of 5G communication system and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies. The BDS needs to be suitable for the large-scaled terminal scenario and provides higher positioning precision. In this paper, a BeiDou differential positioning method based on IoT and edge computing is proposed. The computational pressure on the data center is offloaded to the edge nodes when the massive positioning requests of IoT terminals need to be processed. To ensure the load balancing of the edge nodes, the resource allocation of the terminal positioning requests is performed with the improved genetic algorithm, thereby reducing the service delay of the entire edge network. Moreover, the optimized unscented Kalman filter based on the edge node (EUKF) algorithm is used to improve the positioning precision of IoT terminals. The results demonstrate that the proposed positioning method has better positioning performance which can provide the real-time positioning service for the large-scale IoT terminals.

15.
EMBO J ; : e103304, 2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32104923

RESUMO

Beneficial effects of resistance exercise on metabolic health and particularly muscle hypertrophy and fat loss are well established, but the underlying chemical and physiological mechanisms are not fully understood. Here, we identified a myometabolite-mediated metabolic pathway that is essential for the beneficial metabolic effects of resistance exercise in mice. We showed that substantial accumulation of the tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediate α-ketoglutaric acid (AKG) is a metabolic signature of resistance exercise performance. Interestingly, human plasma AKG level is also negatively correlated with BMI. Pharmacological elevation of circulating AKG induces muscle hypertrophy, brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis, and white adipose tissue (WAT) lipolysis in vivo. We further found that AKG stimulates the adrenal release of adrenaline through 2-oxoglutarate receptor 1 (OXGR1) expressed in adrenal glands. Finally, by using both loss-of-function and gain-of-function mouse models, we showed that OXGR1 is essential for AKG-mediated exercise-induced beneficial metabolic effects. These findings reveal an unappreciated mechanism for the salutary effects of resistance exercise, using AKG as a systemically derived molecule for adrenal stimulation of muscle hypertrophy and fat loss.

16.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 20(1): 13, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a chronic and progressive interstitial lung disease. Buyang Huanwu Tang (BYHWT), a classical traditional Chinese medicine formula, has been widely utilized for the treatment of PF in China. This present study aimed to explore the mechanism of BYHWT in the treatment of PF in vitro. METHODS: TGF-ß1 stimulated human alveolar epithelial A549 cells were used as in vitro model for PF. Post the treatment of BYHWT, cell viability was measured by MTT assay, and cell morphology was observed under microscope. The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers (E-cadherin, Vimentin) and collagen I (Col I) were detected by western blot, immunofluorescence staining and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. With the co-administration of activators (IGF-1, SC79) and inhibitors (LY294002, MK2206), the effect of BYHWT on PI3K/Akt pathway was analyzed by western blot. RESULTS: BYHWT inhibited cell growth, and prevented cell morphology changed from epithelial to fibroblasts in TGF-ß1 induced A549 cells. BYHWT decreased Vimentin and Col I, while increased E-cadherin at both protein and mRNA levels. Moreover, phosphorylation of PI3K (p-PI3K) and phosphorylation of Akt (p-Akt) were significantly down-regulated by BYHWT in TGF-ß1 stimulated A549 cells. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that BYHWT suppressed TGF-ß1-induced collagen accumulation and EMT of A549 cells by inhibiting the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. These findings suggest that BYHWT may have potential for the treatment of PF.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009225

RESUMO

Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are experienced by approximately 25% of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Despite the high incidence, the pathological features of AVH in BPD remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate whole-brain functional connectivity (FC), as measured by functional connectivity density (FCD), and its relationship with AVH in BPD. 65 pharmacotherapy treatment-naïve female BPD patients (30 with AVH and 35 without AVH), and 35 female healthy controls were investigated. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data were collected to assess whole-brain FC and functional connectivity density mapping (FCDM) was applied to the fMRI data to compute FCD features. Compared to the healthy controls, both BPD groups (BPD-AVH and BPD without AVH) exhibited significantly higher gFCD values in the bilateral prefrontal lobe, bilateral orbital lobule, and bilateral insula, and significantly lower gFCD values in the SMA, right anterior temporal lobule, and the ACC. These altered regions were significantly associated with AVH in the BPD subjects. Moreover, higher gFCD values were observed in the left posterior temporal lobule and posterior frontal lobule. Aberrant alterations also emerged in the left posterior temporal lobule and posterior frontal lobule, mainly in Broca and Wernicke regions. Nevertheless, there was no significant correlation between gFCD values and the severity of AVH as measured by the AVH scores. In summary, we have identified aberrations in the FC and brain metabolism of the aforementioned neural circuits/networks, which may provide new insights into BPD-AVH and facilitate the development of therapeutic approaches for treating AVH in BPD patients.

18.
Psychiatry Res ; 285: 112834, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036151

RESUMO

In the present pilot study, we aimed to characterize the brain surface differences between 42 sporadic healthy individuals with AVHs (Hi-AVHs) and 50 healthy individuals without AVHs. The Auditory Hallucinations Rating Scale (AHRS) was used to assess the severity of AVHs, while the gyrification index and fractal dimensions were used to evaluate cerebral cortex complexity. We observed a significant increase of the gyrification index was located in the left superior temporal gyrus, the left temporoparietal junction, the left superior frontal gyrus, and the left parietal lobe. The fractal dimensions had significantly increased in the left Wernicke's area, the left Broca's areas and the left parietal lobe. Our pilot findings indicated gyrification index and fractal dimensions differences were only located in the left hemisphere between the groups of Hi-with and without AVHs. However, these differences did not correlate with the AVHs symptoms, and the non-hallucinating healthy individuals did not demonstrate corresponding reverse changes; hence we cannot postulate that cerebral cortex complexity alterations are related to AVHs. Our pilot study provides a clue for further studies aimed at investigating the brain features of Hi-AVHs.

19.
Psychiatry Res ; 285: 112802, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036152

RESUMO

Depression is a highly prevalent risk factor for both the onset of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the mortality of CVD patients, and people suffering from CVD are more likely to develop depression than healthy individuals. The aim of this review is to summarize recent findings regarding the underlying relationship between CVD and depression. Literature search and review were conducted using PubMed, Google Scholar, Wanfang Med Online, and Baidu Scholar databases. CVD and depression are intimately related and researchers from around the world have proposed and validated various mechanisms that may potentially explain the comorbidity of CVD and depression. Recent studies have suggested that depression and CVD may manifest as two distinct clinical conditions in two different organs, the brain and the heart, respectively, but may also be linked by shared mechanisms. Of these, inflammation involving the immune system is thought to be a common mechanism of depression and heart disease, with specific inflammatory cytokines or pathways being potential targets for the prevention and treatment of the concurrent diseases. Therefore, inflammation may play an important role in bridging the link between depression and CVD, a finding that can have important clinical implications for the prevention and early intervention of these conditions.

20.
Curr HIV Res ; 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: HIV-1 CRF01_AE and CRF07_BC recombinant strains are responsible for more than 80% of new infections in China since the beginning of the 2000s. These two strains may have distinct genetic mutations which resulted in distinct patterns of pathogenesis related to the viral gene, Vpr. OBJECTIVE: The amino acid pattern and genetic diversity of Vpr were analyzed and characterized in HIV-1 CRF01_AE and CRF07_BC HIV-1 strains. METHOD: The Vpr gene was amplified from extracted viral RNA and DNA sequencing was performed using an ABI3730 analyzer. The positional amino acid composition, genetic variation and distance of Vpr sequence were analyzed by Bio-Edit 7.2 and Mega 6.01 software packages. RESULTS: A total of 162 CRF01_AE and 80 CRF07_BC derived Vpr sequences were obtained by DNA sequencing. CRF01_AE patients showed higher viral load and lower CD4 counts than CRF07_BC patients (P<0.05). Higher genetic distance and more polymorphic amino acids were found in CRF01_AE Vpr than CRF07_BC Vpr (P<0.05). The common conservative amino acid region was identified as 29EAVRHFP35 in both CRF07_BC and CRF01_AE. Of note, the R77Q mutation was found in both the most recently Chinese derived CRF07_BC and CRF01_AE Vpr. CONCLUSION: CRF01_AE derived Vpr has higher genetic variation and pathogenesis in comparison to the CRF07_BC strain.

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