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1.
Food Chem ; 334: 127594, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32707365

RESUMO

The complexation of thymol with soy protein isolate (SPI) at various mixing mass ratios, as well as some physicochemical characteristics, stability and antibacterial properties of the resultant complexes, was evaluated. The loading capacity of thymol in complexes formed at a mixing mass ratio of 2.5:12 was 10.36%, and the particles were spherical with a z-average diameter less than 110 nm. Fluorescence spectroscopy results indicated the SPI-thymol nanocomplexes were formed mainly through hydrophobic interactions. Upon nanocomplexation, the solubility, sustained release, thermal stability and antibacterial activity of thymol were greatly improved. Moreover, the encapsulation efficiency and solubility of thymol in complexes were improved with the increasing mixing mass ratio, while the stability and antibacterial activity of thymol were not significantly different among all the complexes. These findings suggest that SPI could be used as a nanocarrier for improving solubility and stability of thymol.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 401: 123307, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32653783

RESUMO

Bioleaching by coupling iron oxidization with microbial growth is a process frequently used to extract target metals from sulfide tailing piles. However, the slower leaching, longer operational times, and lower efficiency compared to those of other extracting processes are the most important reasons that make this approach unattractive for the recovery of target elements. A triple-chamber microbial fuel cell (MFC) was explored to elevate the dissolution of sulfide tailings via in-situ removal of bioleached Fe3+/Fe2+ and SO42-, during which iron and SO42- ions were synchronously recovered as Fe(OH)3 and S° in the first and second cathode chambers, respectively. 107.9 % of iron and 99.8 % of sulfur contained in the sulfide tailings was bioleached over 50 h, with 80.0 % iron and 22.1 % sulfur elements synchronously recovered. The purities of the Fe(OH)3 and S° precipitates with high metallurgical values were up to 93.1 % and 90.2 %, respectively. The excellent leaching performance of the explored triple-chamber MFC was attributed to the synergistic effect of Acidithiobacillia catalysis and electrochemical oxidation. The explored approach, by virtue of having the higher bioleaching efficiency, less aggressive conditions and shorter operating times than the conventional bioleaching, is of potential commercial value.

3.
Plant Signal Behav ; : 1833142, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043777

RESUMO

The plant extracellular vesicles (EVs) are lipid-enveloped nano-particles containing proteins, nucleic acids and metabolites and function in plant development and response. The Arabidopsis four transmembrane protein TETRASPANIN 8 (TET8) knock-out mutant tet8 secreted less EVs than the wild-type (WT). In this report, we show that the tet8 mutant was attenuated in the plant hormone jasmonate (JA) accumulation in response to mechanical wounding treatment. We also noticed that the EVs contained a high level of phospholipids phosphatidic acids (PAs) which may serve as precursors of JA biosynthesis during wound-triggered-self-healing processes. Thus, we propose an open question about a potential role of EVs or TET8 or both in damage-associated JA response.

4.
Chem Biodivers ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007148

RESUMO

Cisplatin (CISP) is an efficacious anticancer agent used in chemotherapy, however, the constraint to its clinical utility is the stray organ toxicity including testicular damage linked to oxidative and inflammatory cascades. This study aimed to explore the protective effect of nucleosides-rich extract from Cordyceps cicadae (NRCE) against CISP-induced testicular damage in rats. Rats were subjected to prophylactic oral administration of NRCE (50, 100 and 400 mg/kg body weight/day) for 7 days prior to testiculotoxicity induced by CISP (10 mg/kg, ip) and were sacrificed after 72 hours post-CISP injection. Cisplatin caused significant deficits in sperm count, viability and motility, testosterone and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) compared to normal control. It depressed testicular activities of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), total antioxidant content (TAC), whereas malondialdehyde (MDA) increased remarkably. CISP considerably increased tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-one beta (IL-1ß) with alterations in testis histology compared to normal control. Interestingly, NRCE pretreatment inhibited the CISP-induced alterations in reproductive indices, restored the antioxidant activities in testes as well as inflammatory mediators and histology comparable to control. Our findings demonstrate that NRCE could prevent CISP testicular damage via inhibition of oxidative stress and pro-inflammation in rats.

5.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-10, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044837

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of video-based nursing education on perioperative anxiety and depression. A total of 128 patients scheduled for minimally invasive gastrectomy were randomly divided into intervention (n = 64) and control (n = 64) group. The. The anxiety and depression scores, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and heart rate (HR) were assessed before the intervention, 1 h before surgery and 24 h after surgery. And the cortisol levels were measured before the intervention and 1 h before surgery. No significant difference was observed in baseline anxiety score, depression score, vital signs and cortisol level (P > 0.05). The anxiety level, depression level, SBP, DBP and HR of patients in intervention group was significantly lower than that in control group at 1 h before surgery and 24 hs after surgery (P < 0.05). The serum cortisol in the intervention group was also significantly lower than that in the control group 1 h before surgery (p < 0.001). Video-based nursing education was effective in decreasing the perioperative anxiety and depression of patients undergoing minimally invasive gastrectomy. It could also keep vital signs and serum cortisol levels in normal limits.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telomere attrition has been proposed as a hallmark of ageing. We previously reported on the association between blood leukocyte telomere length (LTL) at mid-life and risk of chronic diseases and mortality. METHODS: In this study, we investigated the effect of mid-life LTL and genetic proxies on five markers of ageing outcomes, namely handgrip strength, timed up-and-go (TUG), Singapore-modified Mini-Mental State Examination (SM-MMSE) scores, anxiety, and depression indices, measured after a median 20-year follow-up in the Singapore Chinese Health Study (N = 9,581). RESULTS: We observed a significant association between mid-life LTL and handgrip strength later in life (P = 0.004, Padjust = 0.020), as well as a nominal significant association between mid-life LTL and TUG later in life (P = 0.036, Padjust = 0.180). The weighted Genetic Risk Score (wGRS) comprising 15 previously reported LTL reducing loci in East-Asians was not significantly associated with handgrip strength. However, results from Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) showed that the effect of this wGRS on handgrip strength was mediated through LTL (proportion of wGRS effect on handgrip strength mediated through LTL = 33.3%, P = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: Longer mid-life LTL was associated with increased handgrip strength later in life.

7.
Gene Ther ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046836

RESUMO

Recent studies have revealed that YKL-40 is involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. However, its specific mechanism remains unclear. The present study aims to investigate the effect of adenovirus vector-mediated YKL-40 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) on regulation of airway inflammation in a murine asthmatic model. Mice were assessed for airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), total leukocytes and the percentage of eosinophil cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). YKL-40 mRNA and protein expression levels were detected using quantitative real-time PCR and western blot assays. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect YKL-40 and eosinophil-related chemokine expression levels in BALF and serum. Lung histology analyses were performed to evaluate the degree of inflammatory cell infiltration around the airway and airway mucus secretion.YKL-40 shRNA significantly inhibited the YKL-40 gene expression in asthmatic mice. In addition, YKL-40 shRNA alleviated eosinophilic airway inflammation, AHR, airway mucus secretion and decreased the levels of YKL-40 in BALF and serum in a murine asthmatic model. The levels and mRNA expression of IL-5, IL-13 in asthmatic mice lung tissues, eotaxin, and GM-CSF in BALF and serum significantly decreased. Bone marrow signaling molecules including IL-5, eotaxin, and GM-CSF were correlated with decreased levels of YKL-40. The study reveals that YKL-40 could be involved in asthma inflammation by altering bone marrow signaling molecules. YKL-40 gene RNA interference could provide new therapeutic strategies for asthma.

8.
Acta Biomater ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007490

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) tissue-engineered in vitro models, particularly multicellular spheroids and organoids, have become important tools to explore disease progression and guide the development of novel therapeutic strategies. These avascular constructs are particularly powerful in oncological research due to their ability to mimic several key aspects of in vivo tumors, such as 3D structure and pathophysiologic gradients. Advancement of spheroid models requires characterization of critical features (i.e., size, shape, cellular density, and viability) during model development, and in response to treatment. However, evaluation of these characteristics longitudinally, quantitatively and non-invasively remains a challenge. Herein, Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is used as a label-free tool to assess 3D morphologies and cellular densities of tumor spheroids generated via the liquid overlay technique. We utilize this quantitative tool to assess Matrigel's influence on spheroid morphologic development, finding that the absence of Matrigel produces flattened, disk-like aggregates rather than 3D spheroids with physiologically-relevant features. Furthermore, this technology is adapted to quantify cell number within tumor spheroids, and to discern between live and dead cells, to non-destructively provide valuable information on tissue/construct viability, as well as a proof-of-concept for longitudinal drug efficacy studies. Together, these findings demonstrate OCT as a promising noninvasive, quantitative, label-free, longitudinal and cell-based method that can assess development and drug response in 3D cellular aggregates at a mesoscopic scale.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082827

RESUMO

BuShen HuoXue decoction (BSHXD) has been used to treat patients with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). However, the chemical compounds and mechanism by which BSHXD exerts its therapeutic and systemic effects to promote the proliferation of decidual stromal cells (DSCs) has not been elucidated. This work sought to elucidate the cellular and molecular mechanism of BSHXD in terms of inflammatory factors IL-17A in DSCs in vitro because of the critical roles of inflammation, apoptosis, and immunity in the development and progression of pregnancy loss. Twelve migratory chemical compounds from BSHXD extract were qualitatively analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). DSCs were collected from normal early pregnancy (NEP) and URSA to determine whether BSHXD affects IL-17A/IL17RA via the PI3K/AKT pathway. Abnormal apoptosis and activated p-AKT were observed in URSA DSCs. RhIL-17 A, LY294002 (a PI3K pathway inhibitor), and BSHXD were individually or simultaneously administered in NEP DSCs, suggesting that BSHXD restored cell proliferation without excessive stimulation and IL-17A promotes proliferation via the PI3K/AKT pathway. Using the same intervention in URSA DSCs, qRT-PCR measured the upregulated mRNA levels of IL-17 A/IL-17RA, PI3K, AKT, p-AKT, PTEN, Bcl-2, and Bcl-xL and downregulated mRNA levels of BAD and ACT1 after treatment with BSHXD. We demonstrated that BSHXD affected IL-17A/IL-17R via PI3K/AKT pathway to promote the proliferative activity of DSCs in URSA. These results provide a new insight to further clarify the relationship between inflammation and apoptosis and the mechanism of imbalance in the dynamic equilibrium between Th17/Treg immune cells at the maternal-fetal interface.

11.
Liver Int ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084231

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mature transfer RNAs (tRNA) charged with amino acids decode mRNA to synthesize proteins. Dysregulation of translational machineries has a fundamental impact on cancer biology. This study aims to map the tRNAome landscape in liver cancer patients and to explore potential therapeutic targets at the interface of charging amino acid with tRNA. METHODS: Resected tumour and paired tumour-free (TFL) tissues from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients (n = 69), and healthy liver tissues from organ transplant donors (n = 21), HCC cell lines, and cholangiocarcinoma (CC) patient-derived tumour organoids were used. RESULTS: The expression levels of different mature tRNAs were highly correlated and closely clustered within individual tissues, suggesting that different members of the tRNAome function cooperatively in protein translation. Interestingly, high expression of tRNA-Lys-CUU in HCC tumours was associated with more tumour recurrence (HR 1.1; P = .022) and worse patient survival (HR 1.1; P = .0037). The expression of Lysyl-tRNA Synthetase (KARS), the enzyme catalysing the charge of lysine to tRNA-Lys-CUU, was significantly upregulated in HCC tumour tissues compared to tumour-free liver tissues. In HCC cell lines, lysine deprivation, KARS knockdown or treatment with the KARS inhibitor cladosporin effectively inhibited overall cell growth, single cell-based colony formation and cell migration. This was mechanistically mediated by cell cycling arrest and induction of apoptosis. Finally, these inhibitory effects were confirmed in 3D cultured patient-derived CC organoids. CONCLUSIONS: The biological process of charging tRNA-Lys-CUU with lysine sustains liver cancer cell growth and migration, and is clinically relevant in HCC patients. This process can be therapeutically targeted and represents an unexplored territory for developing novel treatment strategies against liver cancer.

12.
Arch Osteoporos ; 15(1): 155, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025208

RESUMO

We compared the effect of anthropometric factors on osteoporosis diagnosis by quantitative computed tomography (QCT) and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and found QCT spine volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) was not associated with body weight, body mass index (BMI) or DXA anteroposterior spine thickness. In contrast, DXA spine and hip areal bone mineral density (aBMD) were strongly associated with all three factors. Adjustment of DXA aBMD measurements improved consistency with QCT vBMD. PURPOSE: Although the diagnosis of osteoporosis using DXA T scores preferentially targets patients with BMI, there is evidence that obesity is not protective against fractures. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of anthropometric factors on osteoporosis diagnosis by QCT and DXA and investigate whether adjustment of DXA aBMD can achieve a more even distribution of diagnoses between slimmer and heavier individuals consistent with QCT. METHODS: The participants were 964 men and 682 women referred for low-dose chest CT and DXA examinations as part of their employers' health check-up programs. QCT vBMD was measured in the L1-L2 vertebrae and DXA aBMD in the spine and hip. The prevalence of osteoporosis in each tertile of BMI in participants aged > 50 years was evaluated based on their QCT and DXA findings, and then re-evaluated after adjustment to the mean BMI in each sex. Similar investigations were performed for body weight and DXA anteroposterior (AP) spine thickness. The effect of the adjustment of DXA aBMD for anthropometric factors on the correlation with QCT vBMD was also examined. RESULTS: For spine QCT, correlations of age adjusted vBMD residuals against BMI were not statistically significant in men (P = 0.44) or women (P = 0.32). In contrast, slopes for aBMD residuals were all highly statistically significant (P < 0.001). There were similar findings for weight and AP spine thickness. Adjustment of DXA aBMD for anthropometric factors resulted in a more equal spread of diagnoses of osteoporosis and greater consistency with QCT. CONCLUSION: Our study highlights differences between DXA and QCT in their correlation with anthropometric factors and its effect on the diagnosis of osteoporosis. Adjustment of DXA T scores for anthropometric factors gave greater consistency with QCT vBMD. Further studies are required into whether adjusting DXA aBMD for anthropometric factors has a beneficial impact on the discriminative or predictive power for vertebral fracture.

13.
J Affect Disord ; 278: 643-649, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternal stress and nutrition during pregnancy are two of the most commonly studied factors in the context of fetal development. However, few investigators have considered the combined effects of stress and diet in pregnant women and their offspring. AIMS: To determine the impact of maternal stress on offspring birth weight, and the potential mediating role of maternal dietary patterns. METHODS: A total of 3542 pregnant women and their singleton live births were recruited from Shanghai Maternal-Child Pairs Cohort (Shanghai MCPC). Maternal stress was assessed using the Life Event Scale for Pregnant Women (LESPW) in early and late pregnancy. Food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was performed to evaluate maternal diet in late pregnancy. Multiple linear regression was conducted to estimate the associations between maternal stress and child birth weight. Logistic regression was performed to calculate the association between maternal stress and small for gestational age (SGA)/large for gestational age (LGA). The bootstrap method was used to investigate the mediating effects of maternal dietary patterns. RESULTS: Maternal subjective events stress (ß = 0.367) and total stress (ß = 0.079) in early pregnancy, and positive objective life events stress (ß = 0.275) in late pregnancy, were positively associated with birth weight. Maternal dietary pattern of "high-fat and sugar" mediated the associations between subjective events stress and total stress during early pregnancy and birth weight. An increased risk for LGA was observed among women exposed to relatively higher stress during early pregnancy (OR, 1.416; 95% CI, 1.035-1.937). No statistically significant associations were found between maternal stress during late pregnancy and child birth weight or SGA/LGA. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal life events stress during early pregnancy significantly increases neonatal birth weight and risk for LGA, which may mediate by a "high-fat and sugar" dietary pattern. LIMITATIONS: The lack of biological markers limits the explanation of the mechanism. The assessment of diet used food intake frequency to evaluate dietary characteristics, which may miss information of energy intake.

14.
Planta ; 252(5): 75, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026530

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: Exogenous SA treatment at appropriate concentrations promotes adventitious root formation in cucumber hypocotyls, via competitive inhibiting the IAA-Asp synthetase activity of CsGH3.5, and increasing the local free IAA level. Adventitious root formation is critical for the cutting propagation of horticultural plants. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) has been shown to play a central role in regulating this process, while for salicylic acid (SA), its exact effects and regulatory mechanism have not been elucidated. In this study, we showed that exogenous SA treatment at the concentrations of both 50 and 100 µM promoted adventitious root formation at the base of the hypocotyl of cucumber seedlings. At these concentrations, SA could induce the expression of CYCLIN and Cyclin-dependent Kinase (CDK) genes during adventitious rooting. IAA was shown to be involved in SA-induced adventitious root formation in cucumber hypocotyls. Exposure to exogenous SA led to a slight increase in the free IAA content, and pre-treatment with the auxin transport inhibitor 1-naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) almost completely abolished the inducible effects of SA on adventitious root number. SA-induced IAA accumulation was also associated with the enhanced expression of Gretchen Hagen3.5 (CsGH3.5). The in vitro enzymatic assay indicated that CsGH3.5 has both IAA- and SA-amido synthetase activity and prefers aspartate (Asp) as the amino acid conjugate. The Asp concentration dictated the functional activity of CsGH3.5 on IAA. Both affinity and catalytic efficiency (Kcat/Km) increased when the Asp concentration increased from 0.3 to 1 mM. In contrast, CsGH3.5 showed equal catalytic efficiency for SA at low and high Asp concentrations. Furthermore, SA functioned as a competitive inhibitor of the IAA-Asp synthetase activity of CsGH3.5. During adventitious formation, SA application indeed repressed the IAA-Asp levels in the rooting zone. These data show that SA plays an inducible role in adventitious root formation in cucumber through competitive inhibition of the auxin conjugation enzyme CsGH3.5. SA reduces the IAA conjugate levels, thereby increasing the local free IAA level and ultimately enhancing adventitious root formation.

15.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16840, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033325

RESUMO

Evolution of resistance by pests reduces the benefits of transgenic crops that produce insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). Here we analyzed resistance to Bt toxin Cry1Ac in a field-derived strain of pink bollworm (Pectinophora gossypiella), a global pest of cotton. We discovered that the r14 allele of the pink bollworm cadherin gene (PgCad1) has a 234-bp insertion in exon 12 encoding a mutant PgCad1 protein that lacks 36 amino acids in cadherin repeat 5 (CR5). A strain homozygous for this allele had 237-fold resistance to Cry1Ac, 1.8-fold cross-resistance to Cry2Ab, and developed from neonate to adult on Bt cotton producing Cry1Ac. Inheritance of resistance to Cry1Ac was recessive and tightly linked with r14. PgCad1 transcript abundance in midgut tissues did not differ between resistant and susceptible larvae. Toxicity of Cry1Ac to transformed insect cells was lower for cells expressing r14 than for cells expressing wild-type PgCad1. Wild-type PgCad1 was transported to the cell membrane, whereas PgCad1 produced by r14 was not. In larval midgut tissue, PgCad1 protein occurred primarily on the brush border membrane only in susceptible larvae. The results imply r14 mediates pink bollworm resistance to Cry1Ac by reduced translation, increased degradation, and/or mislocalization of cadherin.

16.
Public Health Rep ; : 33354920962437, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059533

RESUMO

An increased use of disinfectants during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may increase the number of adverse health effects among people who apply them or among those who are in the area being disinfected. For the 3-month period from January 1 to March 30, 2020, the number of calls about exposure to cleaners and disinfectants made to US poison centers in all states increased 20.4%, and the number of calls about exposure to disinfectants increased 16.4%. We examined calls about cleaners and disinfectants to the Michigan Poison Center (MiPC) since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. We compared all calls related to exposure to cleaners or disinfectants, calls with symptoms, and calls in which a health care provider was seen during the first quarters of 2019 and 2020 and in relationship to key COVID-19 dates. From 2019 to 2020, the number of all disinfectant calls increased by 42.8%, the number of calls with symptoms increased by 57.3%, the average number of calls per day doubled after the first Michigan COVID-19 case, from 4.8 to 9.0, and the proportion of calls about disinfectants among all exposure calls to the MiPC increased from 3.5% to 5.0% (P < .001). Calls for exposure to cleaners did not increase significantly. Exposure occurred at home for 94.8%97.1% of calls, and ingestion was the exposure route for 59.7% of calls. Information about the adverse health effects of disinfectants and ways to minimize exposure should be included in COVID-19 pandemic educational materials.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063211

RESUMO

It is important for China's green innovation productivity and sustainable development to study the effect of heterogeneous environmental regulation on microenterprise innovation activities. Based on the panel data of high-tech enterprises in China from 2012 to 2017, the article studies the incentive effect of heterogeneous environmental regulation on technological innovation and the mediation of innovation input and explores whether different types of environmental regulations have interactive effects on enterprise innovation. The results reveal that compared with the command-controlled environmental regulation, the incentive effect of market-incentive environmental regulation and voluntary environmental regulation on enterprise innovation is more significant, where the innovation input fully plays its role as a mediating effect. Further research finds that there is an interactive effect between command-controlled environmental regulation and other two regulatory tools, but no interactive effect between market-incentive environmental regulation and voluntary environmental regulation, which shows that the control-based regulatory tools and more flexible regulatory tools have a complementary effect on enterprise innovation. Through revealing the internal mechanism of environmental regulation on enterprise innovation, the article displays the process of technological innovation, and it also finds that flexible regulation tools and the combination of rigid and flexible tools are more conducive to encourage enterprises to carry out innovation activities.

18.
Cancer Biol Ther ; : 1-11, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064958

RESUMO

FGF13, a member of the FGF subfamily, has been found to be highly expressed in cancer cells such as prostate cancer, melanoma, glioma and multiple myeloma. However, the mechanism of FGF13 function during cancer cell proliferation remains to be unexplored, especially Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, the cell proliferation effect of FGF13 on A549 cells was checked by CCK-8, clone formation, Ki67 immunofluorescence staining and Flow Cytometry assay. Localization of FGF13 within A549 cells was performed with confocal laser scanning microscope. The protein variations and interaction were measured by western blotting and co-immunoprecipitation analysis. It showed that FGF13 was mainly distributed in the cytoplasm and exhibited a high expression level in A549 cells. High expression of FGF13 activated AKT-GSK3 signaling pathway, and inhibited the activity of p21 and p27. Thus, FGF13 enhanced the process of transition from G1 to S phase and promoted A549 cells proliferation. Furthermore, the interaction between FGF13 and SHCBP1 was confirmed. Meanwhile, FGF13 and SHCBP1 had a cooperative effect to accelerate the cell cycle progression, especially the ability to promote cell proliferation is significantly enhanced via protein interaction. Hence, we conclude that FGF13 played a positive regulation role during A549 cells proliferation. FGF13 interacted with SHCBP1 to facilitate cell cycle progression, providing new insights into deep understanding of non-small cell lung cancer mechanisms of proliferation and regulation function of FGF13.

19.
Insects ; 11(10)2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066376

RESUMO

Ecdysteroid titer determines the state of the cell cycle in silkworm (Bombyxmori) metamorphosis. However, the mechanism of this process is unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that the BmFoxO gene participates in the regulation of the cell cycle induced by 20-Hydroxyecdysone (20E) in BmN-SWU1 cells. The 20E blocks the cell cycle in the G2/M phase through the ecdysone receptor (EcR) and inhibits DNA replication. The 20E can promote BmFoxO gene expression. Immunofluorescence and Western blot results indicated that 20E can induce BmFoxO nuclear translocation in BmN-SWU1 cells. Overexpression of the BmFoxO gene affects cell cycle progression, which results in cell cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase as well as inhibition of DNA replication. Knockdown of the BmFoxO gene led to cell accumulation at the G2/M phase. The effect of 20E was attenuated after BmFoxO gene knockdown. These findings increase our understanding of the function of 20E in the regulation of the cell cycle in B. mori.

20.
AIDS ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) contribute to HIV progression by impairing antiviral immunity; however, the mechanisms responsible for MDSC development during HIV infection are incompletely understood. HOX antisense intergenic RNA myeloid 1 (HOTAIRM1) is a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) that plays a pivotal role in regulating myeloid cell development via targeting HOXA1. The role of HOTAIRM1-HOXA1 in the differentiation and functions of MDSCs during HIV infection remains unclear. METHODS: In this study, we measured MDSC induction and suppressive functions by flow cytometry, RT-PCR, and co-culture experiments using CD33 myeloid cells derived from people living with HIV (PLHIV) on antiretroviral therapy (ART). We also manipulated the HOTAIRM1-HOXA1 axis in myeloid cells using knockdown and overexpression approaches. RESULTS: We demonstrate that HOTAIRM1 and HOXA1 expressions are reciprocally upregulated and are responsible for increased levels of immunosuppressive molecules, such as arginase 1 (Arg1), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and reactive oxygen species (ROS), in CD33 myeloid cells derived from PLHIV on ART. We found that overexpression of HOTAIRM1 or HOXA1 in CD33 cells isolated from healthy individuals promoted the differentiation and suppressive functions of MDSCs, whereas silencing of HOTAIRM1 or HOXA1 expression in MDSCs derived from PLHIV significantly inhibited the frequency of MDSCs and expressions of the immunosuppressive molecules and reduced their immunosuppressive effects on T cells. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that the HOTAIRM1-HOXA1 axis enhances differentiation and suppressive functions of MDSCs and could be a potential therapeutic target for immunomodulation during latent HIV infection.

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