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1.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1004, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been identified in ovarian cancer. However, the expression and biological functions of LINC00852 in ovarian cancer are not understood. METHODS: The expressions of LINC00852, miR-140-3p and AGTR1 mRNA in ovarian cancer tissues and cells were detected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assay. Gain- and loss-of-function assays were performed to explore the biological functions of LINC00852 and miR-140-3p in the progression of ovarian cancer in vitro. The bindings between LINC00852 and miR-140-3p were confirmed by luciferase reporter gene assay, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay and RNA pull-down assay. RESULTS: We found that LINC00852 expression was significantly up-regulated in ovarian cancer tissues and cells, whereas miR-140-3p expression was significantly down-regulated in ovarian cancer tissues. Functionally, LINC00852 knockdown inhibited the viability, proliferation and invasion of ovarian cancer cells, and promoted the apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells. Further investigation showed that LINC00852 interacted with miR-140-3p, and miR-140-3p overexpression suppressed the viability, proliferation and invasion of ovarian cancer cells. In addition, miR-140-3p interacted with AGTR1 and negatively regulated its level in ovarian cancer cells. Mechanistically, we found that LINC00852 acted as a ceRNA of miR-140-3p to promote AGTR1 expression and activate MEK/ERK/STAT3 pathway. Finally, LINC00852 knockdown inhibited the growth and invasion ovarian cancer in vivo. CONCLUSION: LINC00852/miR-140-3p/AGTR1 is an important pathway to promote the proliferation and invasion of ovarian cancer.

2.
Chin J Traumatol ; 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511323

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Rapid decompressive craniectomy (DC) was the most effective method for the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) with cerebral hernia, but the mortality and disability rate is still high. We suspected that hematoma puncture drainage (PD) + DC may improve the therapeutic effect and thus compared the combined surgery with DC alone. METHODS: From December 2013 to July 2019, patients with HICH from Linzhi, Tibet and Honghe, Yunnan Province were retrospectively analyzed. The selection criteria were as follows: (1) altitude ≥1500 m; (2) HICH patients with cerebral hernia; (3) Glascow coma scale score of 4-8 and time from onset to admission ≤3 h; (4) good liver and kidney function; and (5) complete case data. The included patients were divided into DC group and PD + DC group. The patients were followed up for 6 months. The outcome was assessed by Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) score, Kaplan-Meier survival curve and correlation between time from admission to operation and prognosis. A good outcome was defined as independent (GOS score, 4-5) and poor outcome defined as dependent (GOS score, 3-1). All data analyses were performed using SPSS 19, and comparison between two groups was conducted using separate t-tests or Chi-square tests. RESULTS: A total of 65 patients was included. The age ranged 34-90 years (mean, 63.00 ± 14.04 years). Among them, 31 patients had the operation of PD + DC, whereas 34 patients underwent DC. The two groups had no significant difference in the basic characteristics. After 6 months of follow-up, in the PD + DC group there were 8 death, 4 vegetative state, 4 severe disability (GOS score 1-3, poor outcome 51.6 %); 8 moderate disability, and 7 good recovery (GOS score 4-5, good outcome 48.4 %); while in the DC group the result was 15 death, 6 vegetative state, 5 severe disability (poor outcome 76.5 %), 4 moderate disability and 4 good recovery (good outcome 23.5 %). The GOS score and good outcome were significantly less in DC group than in PD + DC group (Z = -1.993, p = 0.046; χ2 = 4.38, p = 0.43). However, there was no significant difference regarding the survival curve between PD + DC group and DC group. The correlation between the time from admission to operation and GOS at 6 months (r = -0.41, R2 = 0.002, p = 0.829) was not significant in the PD + DC group, but significant in the DC group (r = -0.357, R2 = 0.128, p = 0.038). CONCLUSION: PD + DC treatment can improve the good outcomes better than DC treatment for HICH with cerebral hernia at a high altitude.

3.
Exp Eye Res ; : 108763, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517004

RESUMO

Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) is a common ocular fibrosis disease related to the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of human lens epithelial cells (HLECs). However, safe and effective drugs that prevent or treat PCO are lacking. Metformin (Mtf) has been used to treat fibrosis-related diseases affecting many organs and tissues, but its effect on ocular fibrosis-related diseases is unclear. We investigated whether Mtf can inhibit EMT and fibrosis in HLECs to prevent and treat PCO and elucidated the potential molecular mechanism. Here, we established an HLEC model of TGF-ß-induced EMT and found that 400 µM Mtf inhibited vertical and lateral migration and EMT-related gene and protein expression in HLECs. Smad2/3 are downstream molecules of TGF-ß that enter the nucleus to regulate EMT-related gene expression during the occurrence and development of PCO. We revealed that Mtf suppressed TGF-ß-induced Smad2/3 phosphorylation and nuclear translocation. Mtf induces AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation. In this study, we found that Mtf induced the activation of AMPK phosphorylation in HLECs. To further explore the mechanism of Mtf, we pretreated HLECs with Compound C (an AMPK inhibitor) to repeat the above experiments and found that Compound C abolished the inhibitory effect of Mtf on HLEC EMT and the TGF-ß/Smad2/3 signalling pathway. Thus, Mtf targets AMPK phosphorylation to inhibit the TGF-ß/Smad2/3 signalling pathway and prevent HLEC EMT. Notably, we first illustrated the AMPK/TGF-ß/Smad2/3 signalling pathway in HLECs, which may provide a new therapeutic strategy for PCO.

4.
Wirel Pers Commun ; : 1-33, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518742

RESUMO

The International Telecommunication Union has required that the control plane (C-plane) latency in the fifth generation (5G) ultra-reliable low-latency communication (URLLC) application scenarios should not exceed 20 ms and encouraged technical innovation to further reduce it to less than 10 ms. However, the average C-plane latency in the fourth generation (4G) Long Term Evolution-Advanced (LTE-A) system is 80 ms. Such a high latency is because of the execution of the contention-based random access procedure (RAP). In this paper, we simplify the conventional contention-based RAP from 4 to 2 steps. Furthermore, utilization of demodulation reference signal for representing the UE ID and reservation of preambles for URLLC users significantly reduces the proposed 2-step RAP latency. From the perspectives of fixing the number of URLLC users and fixing the number of preambles reserved for URLLC users, simulation results show the percentage of successes for the 2-step RAP is 83.81% and 71.83% higher than that of the 4-step RAP, respectively. Consequently, the 10 ms latency requirement of the 5G URLLC is achieved.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519995

RESUMO

Food allergies (FAs) are an emerging health care issue, and a "second wave of the allergy epidemic" was named. There are extensive data that documented the prevalence rate as high as approximately 10%. FAs are immunological adverse reactions, including IgE-mediated mechanisms, cell-mediated mechanisms, or mixed IgE- and cell-mediated mechanisms. A diagnosis of FA is made by specific symptoms encounter with food, detailed past history, sensitization tests, and oral food challenges (OFCs) if necessary. The component-resolved diagnostics (CRD) test can distinguish true or cross-reaction. "Minimal elimination" from the results of CRD and OFC could avoid unnecessary food restriction. Strict food limitation is harsh and stressful on patients and their families. Children with FAs experience a higher rate of post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and bullying than others. In the last 20 years, oral immunotherapy (OIT), sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT), and epicutaneous immunotherapy (EPIT) are treatment strategies. OIT and EPIT are the most two encouraging treatments for FA. This review aims to introduce FAs in diverse clinical disorders, new perspectives, and their practical implications in diagnosing and treating FA.

6.
Food Chem ; 369: 130896, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482239

RESUMO

As a typical representative of polymethoxylated flavones, nobiletin (NOB) is beneficial to health but hard to be processed, stored, and absorbed, due to its hydrophobicity and crystallinity. Herein, we developed a stabilization system based on an efficient manufacturing procedure of NOB nanocrystal by anti-solvent method combined with ultrasonic treatment. Metal-phenolic networks composed of tannic acid and metal ions were introduced to conformally coat on formed nanocrystal for further stabilization. From the results, the size and morphology of the prepared particles could be altered by the amount, ratio, and kind of the coating materials. The optimized samples could be redispersed after centrifugation, and keep stable at 4 ℃ for at least 120 days. Moreover, they possessed higher acid stability and more effective release than the control sample during the in vitro digestion experiment. Therefore, this work provided a promising idea for overcoming storage and delivery obstacle of hydrophobic crystalline bioactive components.

7.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1640, 2021 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) is a global public health issues, especially in China. It has threat the health of children under 5 years old. The early recognition of high-risk districts and understanding of epidemic characteristics can facilitate health sectors to prevent the occurrence of HFMD effectively. METHODS: Descriptive analysis was used to summarize epidemic characteristics, and the spatial autocorrelation analysis and space-time scan analysis were utilized to explore distribution pattern of HFMD and identify hot spots with statistical significance. The result was presented in ArcMap. RESULTS: A total of 52,095 HFMD cases were collected in Zibo city from 1 Jan 2010 to 31 Dec 2019. The annual average incidence was 129.72/100,000. The distribution of HFMD was a unimodal trend, with peak from April to September. The most susceptible age group was children under 5 years old (92.46%), and the male-to-female ratio is 1.60: 1. The main clusters were identified in Zhangdian District from 12 April 2010 to 18 September 2012. Spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that the global spatial correlation in Zibo were no statistical significance, except in 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2018. Cold spots were gathered in Boshan county and Linzi district, while hot spots only in Zhangdian District in 2018, but other years were no significance. CONCLUSION: Hot spots mainly concentrated in the central and surrounding city of Zibo city. We suggest that imminent public health planning and resource allocation should be focused within those areas.


Assuntos
Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca , Doenças da Boca , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Feminino , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Análise Espaço-Temporal
8.
Curr Med Chem ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473614

RESUMO

Given the crucial association of hydrogen peroxide with a wide-range of human diseases, this compound has currently earned the reputation of being popular biomolecular target. Although various of analytical methods have attracted our attention, fluorescent probes have been used as prominent tools to determine H2O2 to reflect the physiological and pathological conditions of biological systems, As the sensitive responsive portion of these probes, Boronate ester and boronic acid groups are vital reporter as the sensitive responsive part for H2O2 recognition. In this review, we summarized boronate ester/boronic acid group-based fluorescent probes for H2O2 reported from 2012 to 2020 and generally classify the fluorophores into six categories to exhaustively elaborate the design strategy and comprehensive systematic performance. We hope that this review will inspire the exploration of new fluorescent probes based on boronate ester/boronic acid groups for detection of H2O2 and other relevant analytes.

9.
J Nucl Med ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475235

RESUMO

This prospective non-randomized, multicenter clinical trial was performed to investigate efficacy and safety of 131I-labeled metuximab in adjuvant treatment of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: Patients were assigned to treatment with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with 131I-metuximab or TACE alone. The primary outcome was overall tumor recurrence. The secondary outcomes were safety and overall survival. Results: The median time to tumor recurrence was 6 months in the TACE+131I-metuximab group (n = 160) and 3 months in the TACE group (n = 160) (hazard ratio, 0.55; 95% confidence interval, 0.43 to 0.70; P < 0.001). The median overall survival was 28 months in the TACE+131I-metuximab group and 19 months in the TACE group (hazard ratio, 0.62; 95% confidence interval, 0.47 to 0.82; P = 0.001). Conclusion: TACE+131I-metuximab showed a greater anti-recurrence benefit, significantly improved the 5-year survival of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, and was well tolerated by patients.

10.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112333, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474884

RESUMO

Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) was widely applied into fabricating of orthopaedic implants, benefitting its excellent biocompatibility and similar mechanical properties to native bones. However, the inertness of PEEK hinders its integration with the surrounding bone tissue. Here PEEK scaffolds with a series of hydroxyapatite (HA) contents in gradient were manufactured via fused filament fabrication (FFF) 3D printing techniques. The influence of the pore size, HA content and printing direction on the mechanical properties of the PEEK/HA scaffolds was systematically evaluated. By adjusting the pore size and HA contents, the elastic modulus of the PEEK/HA scaffolds can be widely tuned in the range of 624.7-50.6 MPa, similar to the variation range of natural cancellous bone. Meanwhile, the scaffolds exhibited higher Young's modulus and lower compressive strength along Z printing direction. The mapping relationship among geometric parameters, HA content, printing direction and mechanical properties was established, which gave more accurate predictions and controllability of the modulus and strength of scaffolds. The PEEK/HA scaffolds with the micro-structured surface could promote cell attachment and mineralization in vitro. Therefore, the FFF-printed PEEK/HA composites scaffolds can be a good candidate for bone grafting and tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Durapatita , Cetonas , Benzofenonas , Polietilenoglicóis , Polímeros , Porosidade , Impressão Tridimensional , Tecidos Suporte
11.
mBio ; : e0109721, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488443

RESUMO

The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) protein LMP1 serves as a paradigm that engages complicated ubiquitination-mediated mechanisms to activate multiple transcription factors. p62 is a ubiquitin sensor and a signal-transducing adaptor that has multiple functions in diverse contexts. However, the interaction between p62 and oncogenic viruses is poorly understood. We recently reported a crucial role for p62 in oncovirus-mediated oxidative stress by acting as a selective autophagy receptor. In this following pursuit, we further discovered that p62 is upregulated in EBV type 3 compared to type 1 latency, with a significant contribution from NF-κB and AP1 activities downstream of LMP1 signaling. In turn, p62 participates in LMP1 signal transduction through its interaction with TRAF6, promoting TRAF6 ubiquitination and activation. As expected, short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated knockdown (KD) of p62 transcripts reduces LMP1-TRAF6 interaction and TRAF6 ubiquitination, as well as p65 nuclear translocation, which was assessed by Amnis imaging flow cytometry. Strikingly, LMP1-stimulated NF-κB, AP1, and Akt activities are all markedly reduced in p62-/- mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) and in EBV-negative Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cell lines with CRISPR-mediated knockout (KO) of the p62-encoding gene. However, EBV-positive BL cell lines (type 3 latency) with CRISPR-mediated KO of the p62-encoding gene failed to survive. In consequence, shRNA-mediated p62 KD impairs the ability of LMP1 to regulate its target gene expression, promotes etoposide-induced apoptosis, and reduces the proliferation of lymphoblastic cell lines (LCLs). These important findings have revealed a previously unrecognized novel role for p62 in EBV latency and oncogenesis, which advances our understanding of the mechanism underlying virus-mediated oncogenesis. IMPORTANCE As a ubiquitin sensor and a signal-transducing adaptor, p62 is crucial for NF-κB activation, which involves the ubiquitin machinery, in diverse contexts. However, whether p62 is required for EBV LMP1 activation of NF-κB is an open question. In this study, we provide evidence that p62 is upregulated in EBV type 3 latency and, in turn, p62 mediates LMP1 signal transduction to NF-κB, AP1, and Akt by promoting TRAF6 ubiquitination and activation. In consequence, p62 deficiency negatively regulates LMP1-mediated gene expression, promotes etoposide-induced apoptosis, and reduces the proliferation of LCLs. These important findings identified p62 as a novel signaling component of the key viral oncogenic signaling pathway.

14.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(17): 21408-21420, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470917

RESUMO

Hip fracture (HF) is common among older individuals and associated with high mortality, poor vitality and functional impairment. HF patients suffer whole body immunological changes and that lead to severe consequences, including immobilization, physical impairment and a high risk of complications. The objective of this study was to decipher the pattern of dynamic immunological changes, especially in two major T cell subsets, CD4+ CD25+ FOXP3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells and T helper-17 (Th17) cells, and their balance, during the hospital stay and to observe whether blood transfusion could influence these cells and clinical patietns' prognosis. In this study, ninety-eight consecutive HF patients were initially enrolled, and finally fifty-one patients qualified for the study, and correlation analysis of their clinical parameters was carried out to predict the meaning of their distribution in clinical practice. Our results showed that the frequency of Tregs gradually decreased, while the frequency of Th17 cells slowly increased in HF patients who received blood transfusion. The Treg frequency was inversely correlated with the level of hemoglobin (Hb), and Th17 cell frequency was positively related to fluctuations in Hb levels in HF patients after trauma. HF patients with a better prognosis and survival time showed decreased a Treg frequency and a decreased Treg/Th17 ratio. Transfusion helped reverse the imbalance in the frequencies of Tregs and Th17 cells and the Treg/Th17 ratio and especially contributed to a better outcome in HF patients with moderate-to-severe anemia. In conclusion, a higher frequency of peripheral blood Tregs and a higher Treg/Th17 ratio may be associated with unfavorable outcomes in HF patients, and blood transfusion may benefit moderate-to-severe HF patients rebalance their immune response.

15.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 961-970, 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487943

RESUMO

The usage of single-use face masks (SFMs) has increased since the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic. However, non-degradability and mismanagement of SFMs have raised serious environmental concerns. Moreover, both melt-blown and nanofiber-based mask filters inevitably suffer from poor filtration performance, like a continuous decrease in the removal efficiency for particulate matter (PM) and weak breathability. Herein, we report a new method to create biodegradable and reusable fibrous mask filters. The filter consists of a true nanoscale bio-based poly(lactic acid) (PLA) fiber (an average size of 37 ± 4 nm) that is fabricated via electrospinning of an extremely dilute solution. Furthermore, we designed a multiscale structure with integrated features, such as low basis weight (0.91 g m-2), small pore size (0.73 µm), and high porosity (91.72%), formed by electrospinning deposition of true nanoscale fibers on large pore of 3D scaffold nanofiber membranes. The resultant mask filter exhibited a high filtration efficiency (PM0.3-99.996%) and low pressure drop (104 Pa) superior to the commercial N95 filter. Importantly, this filter has a durable filtering efficiency for PM and natural biodegradability based on PLA. Therefore, this study offers an innovative strategy for the preparation of PLA nanofibers and provides a new design for high-performance nanofiber filters.

16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 225: 113824, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509167

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major contributor to global cancer incidence and mortality. Many pathways are involved in the development of HCC and various proteins including mTOR and HDACs have been identified as potential drug targets for HCC treatment. In the present study, two series of novel hybrid molecules targeting mTOR and HDACs were designed and synthesized based on parent inhibitors (MLN0128 and PP121 for mTOR, SAHA for HDACs) by using a fusion-type molecular hybridization strategy. In vitro antiproliferative assays demonstrated that these novel hybrids with suitable linker lengths exhibited broad cytotoxicity against various cancer cell lines, with significant activity against HepG2 cells. Notably, DI06, an MLN0128-based hybrid, exhibited antiproliferative activity against HepG2 cells with an IC50 value of 1.61 µM, which was comparable to those of both parent drugs (MLN0128, IC50 = 2.13 µM and SAHA, IC50 = 2.26 µM). In vitro enzyme inhibition assays indicated that DI06, DI07 and DI17 (PP121-based hybrid) exhibited nanomolar inhibitory activity against mTOR kinase and HDACs (e.g., HDAC1, HDAC2, HDAC3, HADC6 and HADC8). Cellular studies and western blot analyses uncovered that in HepG2 cells, DI06 and DI17 induced cell apoptosis by targeting mTOR and HDACs, blocked the cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase and suppressed cell migration. The potential binding modes of the hybrids (DI06 and DI17) with mTOR and HDACs were investigated by molecular docking. DI06 displayed better stability in rat liver microsomes than DI07 and DI17. Collectively, DI06 as a novel mTOR and HDACs inhibitor presented here warrants further investigation as a potential treatment of HCC.

17.
BMC Med Res Methodol ; 21(1): 192, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34548029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In follow-up studies, the occurrence of the intermediate event may influence the risk of the outcome of interest. Existing methods estimate the effect of the intermediate event by including a time-varying covariate in the outcome model. However, the insusceptible fraction to the intermediate event in the study population has not been considered in the literature, leading to effect estimation bias due to the inaccurate dataset. METHODS: In this paper, we propose a new effect estimation method, in which the susceptible subpopulation is identified firstly so that the estimation could be conducted in the right population. Then, the effect is estimated via the extended Cox regression and landmark methods in the identified susceptible subpopulation. For susceptibility identification, patients with observed intermediate event time are classified as susceptible. Based on the mixture cure model fitted the incidence and time of the intermediate event, the susceptibility of the patient with censored intermediate event time is predicted by the residual intermediate event time imputation. The effect estimation performance of the new method was investigated in various scenarios via Monte-Carlo simulations with the performance of existing methods serving as the comparison. The application of the proposed method to mycosis fungoides data has been reported as an example. RESULTS: The simulation results show that the estimation bias of the proposed method is smaller than that of the existing methods, especially in the case of a large insusceptible fraction. The results hold for small sample sizes. Besides, the estimation bias of the new method decreases with the increase of the covariates, especially continuous covariates, in the mixture cure model. The heterogeneity of the effect of covariates on the outcome in the insusceptible and susceptible subpopulation, as well as the landmark time, does not affect the estimation performance of the new method. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the pre-identification of the susceptible, the proposed new method could improve the effect estimation accuracy of the intermediate event on the outcome when there is an insusceptible fraction to the intermediate event in the study population.

18.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 1): 711-719, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530191

RESUMO

Indoor air quality (IAQ) has assumed new significance given the extensive amount of time spent indoor due to the coronavirus pandemic and particulate matter (PM) pollution. Accordingly, the development of window air filters to effectively intercept PM from outdoor air under natural ventilation conditions is an important research topic. However, most existing filters inevitably suffer from the compromise among filtration capability, transparency, and air permeability. In this study, we fabricate a high-performance transparent air filter to improve IAQ via natural ventilation. polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) superfine nanofibers of size 20-35 nm are prepared using extremely dilute solution electrospinning; a multi-scale nanofiber structure is then designed. By adjusting the ratio of PVDF superfine nanofibers (SNs) to PVDF coarse fibers (CNs), we balance the structure-performance relationship. Benefiting from the multiscale structural features that include a small pore size (0.72 µm) and high porosity (92.22%), the resulting filters exhibit excellent performance including high interception efficiency (99.92%) for PM0.3, low air resistance (69 Pa), high transparency (∼80%) and stable filtration after 100 h of UV irradiation. This work describes a new strategy for the fabrication of nanofibers with true-nanoscale diameters and the design of high-performance air filters.

19.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 126171, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492947

RESUMO

The gaseous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) sensors with high-selectivity and low-power consumption have been expected for practical applications in environmental monitoring and disease diagnosis. Herein, we demonstrate a room-temperature VOCs gas sensor with enhanced performance based on Ti3C2Tx-TiO2 nanocomposites. The Ti3C2Tx-TiO2 nanocomposites with regular morphology are successfully synthesized via a facile one-step hydrothermal synthesis strategy by using Ti3C2Tx itself as titanium source. Attributed to the formation of interfacial heterojunctions and the modulation of carrier density, the Ti3C2Tx-TiO2 sensor exhibits about 1.5-12.6 times enhanced responses for the detection of various VOCs at room temperature than pure MXene sensor. Moreover, the nanocomposite sensor has better response to hexanal, both an air pollutant and a typical lung cancer biomarker. The gas response of the Ti3C2Tx-TiO2 sensor towards 10 ppm hexanal is about 3.4%. The hexanal gas sensing results display that the nanocomposite sensor maintains a high signal-to-noise ratio and the lower detection limit to hexanal gas is as low as 217 ppb. Due to the low power consumption and easy fabrication process, the Ti3C2Tx-TiO2 nanocomposite sensor is promising for application in IoT environmental monitoring as well as real-time health monitoring.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Gases , Temperatura , Titânio
20.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 416, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leaf color variation is a common trait in plants and widely distributed in many plants. In this study, a leaf color mutation in Camellia japonica (cultivar named as Maguxianzi, M) was used as material, and the mechanism of leaf color variation was revealed by physiological, cytological, transcriptome and microbiome analyses. RESULTS: The yellowing C. japonica (M) exhibits lower pigment content than its parent (cultivar named as Huafurong, H), especially chlorophyll (Chl) and carotenoid, and leaves of M have weaker photosynthesis. Subsequently, the results of transmission electron microscopy(TEM) exhibited that M chloroplast was accompanied by broken thylakoid membrane, degraded thylakoid grana, and filled with many vesicles. Furthermore, comparative transcriptome sequencing identified 3,298 differentially expressed genes (DEGs). KEGG annotation analysis results showed that 69 significantly enriched DEGs were involved in Chl biosynthesis, carotenoid biosynthesis, photosynthesis, and plant-pathogen interaction. On this basis, we sequenced the microbial diversity of the H and M leaves. The sequencing results suggested that the abundance of Didymella in the M leaves was significantly higher than that in the H leaves, which meant that M leaves might be infected by Didymella. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, we speculated that Didymella infected M leaves while reduced Chl and carotenoid content by damaging chloroplast structures, and altered the intensity of photosynthesis, thereby causing the leaf yellowing phenomenon of C. japonica (M). This research will provide new insights into the leaf color variation mechanism and lay a theoretical foundation for plant breeding and molecular markers.


Assuntos
Camellia/anatomia & histologia , Camellia/genética , Camellia/metabolismo , Cor , Microbiota , Folhas de Planta/anatomia & histologia , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Carotenoides/metabolismo , China , Clorofila/metabolismo , Produtos Agrícolas/anatomia & histologia , Produtos Agrícolas/genética , Produtos Agrícolas/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Variação Genética , Genótipo , Fenótipo , Transcriptoma
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