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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35029789

RESUMO

Fusobacterium nucleatum is associated with the incidence and development of multiple diseases, such as periodontitis and colorectal cancer (CRC). Until now, studies have proved only a few proteins to be associated with such pathogenic diseases. The two-component system is one of the most prevalent forms of bacterial signal transduction related to intestinal diseases. Here, we report a novel, recombinant, two-component, response regulator protein ArlR from the genome of F. nucleatum strain ATCC 25,586. We optimized the expression and purification conditions of ArlR; in addition, we characterized the interaction of this response regulator protein with the corresponding histidine kinase and DNA sequence. The full-length ArlR was successfully expressed in six E. coli host strains. However, optimum expression conditions of ArlR were present only in E. coli strain BL21 CodonPlus (DE3) RIL that was later induced with isopropyl ß-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) for 8 h at 25 °C. The SDS-PAGE analysis revealed the molecular weight of the recombinant protein as 27.3 kDa with approximately 90% purity after gel filtration chromatography. Because ArlR was biologically active after its purification, it accepted the corresponding phosphorylated histidine kinase phosphate group and bound to the analogous DNA sequence. The binding constant between ArlR and the corresponding histidine kinase was about 2.1 µM, whereas the binding constant between ArlR and its operon was 6.4 µM. Altogether, these results illustrate an effective expression and purification method for the novel two-component system protein ArlR.

2.
Theranostics ; 12(1): 410-417, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34987653

RESUMO

Background: Nowadays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is routinely applied in clinical diagnosis. However, using one contrast agent (CA) to simultaneously enhance the T1 and T2 MR contrast at low and high magnetic fields respectively has not been reported. Methods: Herein, we investigated the MR property of a γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT)-instructed, intracellular formed gadolinium nanoparticle (DOTA-Gd-CBT-NP) at low and high magnetic fields. Results: Experimental results showed that DOTA-Gd-CBT-NP possesses a low r2/r1 ratio 0.91 which enables it to enhance T1 MR imaging of liver tumor at 1.0 T, and a high r2/r1 ratio 11.8 which renders the nanoparticle to largely enhance T2 MR imaging of liver tumor at 9.4 T. Conclusion: We expect that our GGT-responsive Gd-nanoparticle could be applied for simultaneous T1 and T2 MRI diagnosis of early liver cancer in clinic at respective low and high magnetic fields when the 9.4 T MR machine is clinically available in the future.

3.
J Oral Microbiol ; 14(1): 2015130, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34992737

RESUMO

Background: Microtubule dynamics plays a crucial role in the spatial arrangement of cell organelles and activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. Purpose: This study aimed to explore whether microtubule affinity regulating kinase 4 (MARK4) can be a therapeutic target of periodontitis by affecting microtubule dynamics and NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis in macrophages. Materials and Methods: The NLRP3 inflammasome-related genes and MARK4 were measured in the healthy and inflamed human gingival tissues. Bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) were infected with Porphyromonas gingivalis, while the MARK4 inhibitors (OTSSP167 and Compound 50) and small interference RNA were utilized to restrain MARK4. Apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC) speck was detected by confocal, and levels of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), as well as IL-18, were assessed by ELISA. Results: Increased staining and transcription of MARK4, NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 were observed in the inflamed gingiva. P. gingivalis infection promoted MARK4 expression and the NLRP3 inflammasome in BMDMs. Inhibition of MARK4 decreased LDH release, IL-1ß and IL-18 production, ASC speck formation, and the pyroptosis-related genes transcription. Furthermore, MARK4 inhibition reduced microtubule polymerization and acetylation in P. gingivalis-infected BMDMs. Conclusions: MARK4 promoted NLRP3 inflammasome activation and pyroptosis in P. gingivalis-infected BMDMs by affecting microtubule dynamics. MARK4 inhibition might be a potential target in regulating the NLRP3 inflammasome during periodontitis progress.

4.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 80, 2022 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013199

RESUMO

Cross-reactive immune responses to SARS-CoV-2 have been observed in pre-pandemic cohorts and proposed to contribute to host protection. Here we assess 52 COVID-19 household contacts to capture immune responses at the earliest timepoints after SARS-CoV-2 exposure. Using a dual cytokine FLISpot assay on peripheral blood mononuclear cells, we enumerate the frequency of T cells specific for spike, nucleocapsid, membrane, envelope and ORF1 SARS-CoV-2 epitopes that cross-react with human endemic coronaviruses. We observe higher frequencies of cross-reactive (p = 0.0139), and nucleocapsid-specific (p = 0.0355) IL-2-secreting memory T cells in contacts who remained PCR-negative despite exposure (n = 26), when compared with those who convert to PCR-positive (n = 26); no significant difference in the frequency of responses to spike is observed, hinting at a limited protective function of spike-cross-reactive T cells. Our results are thus consistent with pre-existing non-spike cross-reactive memory T cells protecting SARS-CoV-2-naïve contacts from infection, thereby supporting the inclusion of non-spike antigens in second-generation vaccines.

5.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35021866

RESUMO

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the largest grain crop, accounting for about 40 % of the total grain production in China. In mid-July 2021, bacterial leaf streak-like disease emerged in rice varieties Chunyou584 and Yongyou2604 in Linyi city, Shandong Province, China. Disease incidences of the disease ranged from 80% to 90% in the surveyed fields. Infected rice leaves displayed dark green to yellowish-brown water-soaked thin streaks, and a large amount of beaded yellow oozes were observed on the lesions. After drying, there were gelatinous granules that were not easy to fall off and spread between leaf veins (Fig.S1A). According to the field symptoms of this disease, it was preliminarily suspected to be rice bacterial leaf streak caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (Xoc), which is a guaranteed disease in China. To isolate the causal agent, leaf discs (~1 cm2) of diseased leaves were collected from the margins of the lesions, surface sterilized and ground into pieces in sterile double distilled water. The 10-3, 10-4 and 10-5 dilutions were spread onto peptone sugar agar (PSA) and incubated at 28°C for 36 hours. Yellow mucous bacterial colonies were consistently obtained on PSA medium. To identify the pathogen, fragments of the 16S rDNA, leuS and rpoB were amplified and sequenced using the primers previously reported (Yu et al. 2021). Three strains (LY01, LY02 and LY03) showed identical colony morphology and LY01 was used for further analyses. Sequence analyses showed that the fragments of 16S rDNA (955 bp, GenBank accession number: OK261898), leuS (755 bp, GenBank accession number: OK298387) and rpoB (926 bp, GenBank accession number: OK298388) of strain LY01 shared 99.16%, 99.46% and 100% similarities with those of Pantoea ananatis TZ39 (GenBank accession numbers: CP081342.1 for 16S rDNA, MW981338.1 for leuS and MW981344.1 for rpoB), respectively, which suggest the pathogenic bacterial strain LY01 isolated is P. ananatis. In addition, the single colony of P. ananatis LY01 was shown as Fig. S2B. Furthermore, pathogenicity tests were also performed according to the following steps. Bacterial suspension at OD600=0.1 was inoculated into eight rice leaves of four healthy rice plants (Chunyou 584) at 25-33°C and 60%-80% relative humidity in the field using a clipping method (Yang et al. 2020) or spraying methods, and sterile distilled water was as negative control. The clipped leaves (Fig. S1B) and spray-inoculated leaves (Fig. S1C) showed dark green water-soaked streaks at 14 days after inoculation, respectively, which showed similar symptoms with those samples collected from the fields (Fig. S1A). On contrary, the control rice leaves remained healthy and symptomless (Fig. S2A). The bacterium was re-isolated in the inoculated rice leaves and the re-isolated bacterial isolates, which was confirmed by sequencing 16S rDNA, leuS and rpoB, incited the same symptoms as in fields, which fulfills Koch's postulates. In the past decade, P. ananatis was reported to result in grain discoloration and leaf blight in China (Yan et al. 2010; Xue et al. 2020, Yu et al. 2021), which could result in 40% - 60% yield losses. To our best knowledge, this is the first report of the bacterial leaf streak-likely disease occurred in Shandong Province caused by P. ananatis, so we named it as Pantoea leaf streak of rice. Although P. ananatis was also reported in Zhejiang province and Jiangxi province, which caused leaf streak lesions on rice, the disease symptoms are completely different from those of Pantoea leaf streak of rice. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of Pantoea leaf streak of rice caused by P. ananatis. This study provides sloid evidence that Pantoea leaf streak of rice in Eastern China can be caused by the new pathogen, P. ananatis, rather than Xoc as traditionally assumed. Disease development and quarantine of the new Pantoea leaf streak of rice disease caused by P. ananatis on rice need more attention in the near future.

6.
Phytopathology ; 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34982575

RESUMO

Botrytis cinerea causes grey mold resulting in enormous financial loss. Fungicide resistance of B. cinerea has become a serious issue in food safety and agricultural environmental protection. Sodium valproate (SV) has been used in clinical trials, thus it is excellent candidate for fungicide development considering its safety. However, the antifungal activity remains unclear. SV was effective against B. cinerea by enhancing acetylation of histone H3, including H3K9ac, H3K14ac, and H3K56ac. A transcriptomics analysis revealed that the expression of 1,557 genes changed significantly in response to SV. A pathway enrichment analysis identified 16 significant GO terms, in which molecular functions were mainly involved. In addition, the expression levels of 13 genes involved in B. cinerea virulence and 5 genes involved in tomato immune response were altered by the SV treatment. These results indicate that SV inhibits B. cinerea by enhancing acetylation of histone H3 and modifying gene transcription. Thus, SV is an effective, safe potential antifungal agent for control of both pre- and post-harvest losses caused by B. cinerea.

7.
Bioact Mater ; 10: 504-514, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34901563

RESUMO

Antioxidant biomaterials have attracted much attention in various biomedical fields because of their effective inhibition and elimination of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in pathological tissues. However, the difficulty in ensuring biocompatibility, biodegradability and bioavailability of antioxidant materials has limited their further development. Novel bioavailable antioxidant materials that are derived from natural resources are urgently needed. Here, an integrated multi-omics method was applied to fabricate antioxidant biomaterials. A key cysteine-rich thrombospondin-1 type I repeat-like (TSRL) protein was efficiently discovered from among 1262 adhesive components and then used to create a recombinant protein with a yield of 500 mg L-1. The biocompatible TSRL protein was able to self-assemble into either a water-resistant coating through Ca2+-mediated coordination or redox-responsive hydrogels with tunable physical properties. The TSRL-based hydrogels showed stronger 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging rates than glutathione (GSH) and ascorbic acid (Aa) and protected cells against external oxidative stress significantly more effectively. When topically applied to mice skin, TSRL alleviated epidermal hyperplasia and suppressed the degradation of collagen and elastic fibers caused by ultraviolet radiation B (UVB) irradiation, confirming that it enhanced antioxidant activity in vivo. This is the first study to successfully characterize natural antioxidant biomaterials created from marine invertebrate adhesives, and the findings indicate the excellent prospects of these biomaterials for great applications in tissue regeneration and cosmeceuticals.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(1): 214-224, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34935338

RESUMO

Smart hydrogels with versatile properties, including a tunable gelation time, nonswelling attributes, and biocompatibility, are in great need in the biomedical field. To meet this urgent demand, we explored novel biomaterials with the desired properties from sessile marine organisms. To this end, a novel protein, Sbp9, derived from scallop byssus was extensively investigated, which features typical epidermal growth factor-like (EGFL) multiple repetitive motifs. Our current work demonstrated that the key fragment of Sbp9 (calcium-binding domain (CBD) and 4 EGFL repeats (CE4)) was able to form a smart hydrogel driven by noncovalent interactions and facilitated by disulfide bonds. More importantly, this smart hydrogel demonstrates several desirable and beneficial features, which could offset the drawbacks of typical protein-based hydrogels, including (1) a redox-responsive gelation time (from <1 to 60 min); (2) tunable mechanical properties, nonswelling abilities, and an appropriate microstructure; and (3) good biocompatibility and degradability. Furthermore, proof-of-concept demonstrations showed that the newly discovered hydrogel could be used for anticancer drug delivery and cell encapsulation. Taken together, a smart hydrogel inspired by marine sessile organisms with desirable properties was generated and characterized and demonstrated to have extensive applicability potential in biomedical applications, including tissue engineering and drug release.

9.
FASEB J ; 36(1): e22078, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34918381

RESUMO

Large clinical trials and real-world studies have demonstrated that the beneficial effects of sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors on renal outcomes regardless of the presence of diabetes. However, the mechanism remains obscure. Here, we analyze the anti-fibrotic and anti-inflammatory effects of dapagliflozin, a SGLT2 inhibitor, on renal alternations using the ischemia/reperfusion-induced fibrosis model. Transcriptome and metabolome analysis showed that the accumulation of tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle metabolites and upregulation of inflammation in fibrosis renal cortical tissue were mitigated by dapagliflozin treatment. Moreover, dapagliflozin markedly relieved the activation of mammalian target of rapamycin and hypoxia inducible factor-1α signaling and restored tubular cell-preferred fatty acid oxidation. Notably, NOD-, LRR-, and pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation was strikingly blocked by dapagliflozin. We further demonstrated that the immunomodulatory metabolite itaconate derived from the TCA cycle was significantly boosted as a result of decreased isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 and increased immune-responsive gene 1 and mitochondrial citrate carrier in dapagliflozin-treated mice, which contributed to the inhibitory effect of dapagliflozin on NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Furthermore, administration of cell-permeable itaconate surrogate prevented activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and protected kidney against fibrosis development. Our results identify a novel mechanism coupling metabolism and inflammation for kidney benefits of SGLT2 inhibition in progressive chronic kidney disease.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/farmacologia , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/farmacologia , Transportador 2 de Glucose-Sódio/metabolismo , Succinatos/metabolismo , Animais , Ciclo do Ácido Cítrico/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibrose , Nefropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Camundongos
10.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127080, 2022 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523503

RESUMO

Thallium (Tl) is a trace metal with high toxicity. Comprehensive investigation of spatial distribution of Tl and microorganism is still limited in soils from mining area. In this study, 16S rRNA sequencing and network analysis were used for deciphering the co-occurrence patterns of bacterial communities in two different types of soil profiles around a typical Tl-bearing pyrite mine. The results showed that geochemical parameters (such as pH, S, Tl, Fe and TOM) were the driving forces for shaping the vertical distribution of microbial community. According to network analysis, a wide diversity of microbial modules were present in both soil profiles and affected by depth, significantly associated with variations in Tl geochemical fractionation. Phylogenetic information further unveiled that the microbial modules were mainly dominated by Fe reducing bacteria (FeRB), Fe oxidizing bacteria (FeOB), S oxidizing bacteria and Mn reducing bacteria. The results of metagenome indicated that Fe, Mn and S cycle in soil are closely involved in the biogeochemical cycle of Tl. The findings of co-occurrence patterns in the bacterial network and correlation between microorganisms and different geochemical fractions of Tl may benefit the strategy of bioremediation of Tl-contaminated soils with indigenous microbes.


Assuntos
Poluentes do Solo , Tálio , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Tálio/análise
11.
J Hypertens ; 40(1): 180-188, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433762

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Studies in the general population suggest that central blood pressure (BP) may be superior to peripheral BP in risk assessment. Although ambulatory brachial BP is recognized as the most reliable BP measurement in the dialysis population, there is no comparison of office central BP with ambulatory BP regarding risk stratification in these patients. METHODS: In a multicenter prospective study of dialysis patients, central BP was measured noninvasively on a midweek nondialysis day, with interdialytic ambulatory BP and predialysis BP also collected. The primary outcomes were a composite of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and all-cause mortality. Agreement between central and ambulatory BP was assessed using Cohen's Kappa index and Bland--Altman plot. Linear and nonlinear Cox regression models were used to determine the association of BP parameters with outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 368 patients were recruited and 366 underwent central BP measurement. Central BP had a moderate agreement with ambulatory BP in defining hypertension (κ = 0.42) with wide limits of agreement in Bland--Altman analysis. After a median follow-up of 51.5 months, central pulse pressure, ambulatory SBP and ambulatory pulse pressure were associated with all-cause mortality, whereas all BP parameters, except for predialysis DBP, were significant predictors of MACE. However, whenever evaluated in a stepwise variable selection Cox model, only ambulatory pulse pressure, but not any central BP, was determined as the best candidate for prediction of both all-cause mortality and MACE. Nonlinear Cox models revealed no significant nonlinear trend of the association between central BP and outcomes. CONCLUSION: Central BP is predictive of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in dialysis patients but its prognostic value does not outperform ambulatory peripheral BP. Our data support the superiority of ambulatory BP in the dialysis population.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 150036, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525718

RESUMO

Thallium (Tl) is a highly toxic trace metal. Lead (Pb)­zinc (Zn) smelting, which is a pillar industry in various countries, is regarded as one of the dominant anthropogenic sources of Tl contamination in the environment. In this study, thallium isotope data have been evaluated for raw material and a set of industrial wastes produced at different stages of Pb-Zn smelting in a representative large facility located by the North River, South China, in order to capture Tl isotope signatures of such typical anthropogenic origin for laying the foundation of tracking Tl pollution. Large variations in Tl isotopic compositions of raw Pb-Zn ores and solid smelting wastes produced along the process chain were observed. The ε205Tl values of raw Pb-Zn ores and return fines are -0.87 ± 0.26 and -1.0 ± 0.17, respectively, contrasted by increasingly more negative values for electrostatic precipitator dust (ε205Tl = -2.03 ± 0.14), lime neutralizing slag (ε205Tl = -2.36 ± 0.18), and acid sludge (ε205Tl = -4.62 ± 0.76). The heaviest ε205Tl (1.12 ± 0.51) was found in clinker. These results show that isotopic fractionation occurs during the smelting processes. Obviously, the lighter Tl isotope is enriched in the vapor phase (-3.75 ε205Tl units). Further XPS and STEM-EDS analyses show that Tl isotope fractionation conforms to the Rayleigh fractionation model, and adsorption of 205Tl onto hematite (Fe2O3) may play an important role in the enrichment of the heavier Tl isotope. The findings demonstrate that Tl isotope analysis is a robust tool to aid our understanding of Tl behavior in smelting processes and to provide a basis for source apportionment of Tl contaminations.


Assuntos
Tálio , Zinco , Monitoramento Ambiental , Resíduos Industriais , Isótopos/análise , Chumbo , Tálio/análise
13.
EMBO Rep ; : e53081, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34866316

RESUMO

Mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) can self-renew indefinitely and maintain pluripotency. Inhibition of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) by the kinase inhibitor INK128 is known to induce paused pluripotency in mESCs cultured with traditional serum/LIF medium (SL), but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we demonstrate that mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) but not complex 2 (mTORC2) mediates mTOR inhibition-induced paused pluripotency in cells grown in both SL and 2iL medium (GSK3 and MEK inhibitors and LIF). We also show that mTORC1 regulates self-renewal in both conditions mainly through eIF4F-mediated translation initiation that targets mRNAs of both cytosolic and mitochondrial ribosome subunits. Moreover, inhibition of mitochondrial translation is sufficient to induce paused pluripotency. Interestingly, eIF4F also regulates maintenance of pluripotency in an mTORC1-independent but MEK/ERK-dependent manner in SL, indicating that translation of pluripotency genes is controlled differently in SL and 2iL. Our study reveals a detailed picture of how mTOR governs self-renewal in mESCs and uncovers a context-dependent function of eIF4F in pluripotency regulation.

14.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 414, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34873151

RESUMO

Azvudine (FNC) is a nucleoside analog that inhibits HIV-1 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp). Recently, we discovered FNC an agent against SARS-CoV-2, and have taken it into Phase III trial for COVID-19 patients. FNC monophosphate analog inhibited SARS-CoV-2 and HCoV-OC43 coronavirus with an EC50 between 1.2 and 4.3 µM, depending on viruses or cells, and selective index (SI) in 15-83 range. Oral administration of FNC in rats revealed a substantial thymus-homing feature, with FNC triphosphate (the active form) concentrated in the thymus and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Treating SARS-CoV-2 infected rhesus macaques with FNC (0.07 mg/kg, qd, orally) reduced viral load, recuperated the thymus, improved lymphocyte profiles, alleviated inflammation and organ damage, and lessened ground-glass opacities in chest X-ray. Single-cell sequencing suggested the promotion of thymus function by FNC. A randomized, single-arm clinical trial of FNC on compassionate use (n = 31) showed that oral FNC (5 mg, qd) cured all COVID-19 patients, with 100% viral ribonucleic acid negative conversion in 3.29 ± 2.22 days (range: 1-9 days) and 100% hospital discharge rate in 9.00 ± 4.93 days (range: 2-25 days). The side-effect of FNC is minor and transient dizziness and nausea in 16.12% (5/31) patients. Thus, FNC might cure COVID-19 through its anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity concentrated in the thymus, followed by promoted immunity.

15.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 613, 2021 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34879837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is currently considered to be a polygene-related disease with unknown etiology. This research will verify whether the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the long intergenic noncoding RNA01080 (linc01080) contributes to the susceptibility and phenotypic heterogeneity of schizophrenia, with a view to providing data support for the prevention and individualized treatment of this disease. METHOD: The SNP rs7990916 in linc01080 were genotyped in 1139 schizophrenic and 1039 controls in a Southern Chinese Han population by the improved multiplex ligation detection reaction (imLDR) technique. Meanwhile, we assessed and analyzed the association between this SNP and schizophrenics' clinical symptoms, and the cognitive function. RESULT: There was no significant difference in genotype distribution, allele frequency distribution, gender stratification analysis between the two groups. However, the SNP of rs7990916 was significantly associated with the age of onset in patients with schizophrenia (P = 8.22E-07), patients with T allele had earlier onset age compared with CC genotype carriers. In terms of cognitive function, patients with T allele scored lower than CC genotype carriers in the Tower of London score and symbol coding score in the Brief assessment of Cognition (BACS), and the difference was statistically significant (P = 0.014, P = 0.022, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our data show for the first time that linc01080 polymorphism may affect the age of onset and neurocognitive function in patients with schizophrenia.

16.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-27, 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881695

RESUMO

Taurine (Tau) has many profound physiological functions, but its role and molecular mechanism in muscle cells are still not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the role and underlying molecular mechanism of Tau on protein synthesis and proliferation of C2C12 myoblast cells. Cells were treated with Tau (0, 60, 120, 180 and 240 µM) for 24 h. Tau dose-dependently promoted protein synthesis, cell proliferation, mTOR phosphorylation, and also AT-rich interaction domain 4B (ARID4B) expression, with the best stimulatory effects at 120 µM. LY 294002 treatment showed that Tau promoted ARID4B expression in a PI3K-dependent manner. ARID4B knockdown (by siRNA transfection for 24 h) prevented Tau from stimulating protein synthesis and cell proliferation, whereas ARID4B gene activation (using the CRISPR/dCas9 technology) had stimulatory effects. ARID4B knockdown abolished Tau signaling to mRNA expression and protein phosphorylation of mTOR, whereas ARID4B gene activation had stimulatory effects. ChIP-PCR identified that all of ARID4B, H3K27ac and H3K27me3 bound to the -4368∼-4591 bp site in the mTOR promoter, and ChIP-qPCR further detected that Tau stimulated ARID4B binding to this site. ARID4B knockdown or gene activation did not affect H3K27me3 binding to the mTOR promoter, but decreased or increased H3K27ac binding, respectively. Furthermore, ARID4B knockdown abolished the stimulation of Tau on H3K27ac binding to the mTOR promoter. In summary, these data uncover that Tau promotes protein synthesis and proliferation of C2C12 myoblast cells through the PI3K-ARID4B-mTOR pathway, providing a deep understanding how Tau regulates anabolism in muscle cells.

17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(23)2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34883914

RESUMO

This article presents a quad-band multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) antenna for the Internet of Things (IoT) applications. The proposed antenna consists of four quarter-wavelength asymmetrical meandered radiators, microstrip feed lines, and modified ground planes. The antenna elements are arranged in a chiral pattern to improve isolation between them, with two radiators and two ground planes placed on the front side of the substrate and the other two on the back side. The MIMO antenna has an operating bandwidth (S11 ≤ -10 dB) of 1.76-1.84 GHz, 2.37-2.56 GHz, 3.23-3.68 GHz, and 5.34-5.84 GHz, covering GSM, WLAN, WiMAX, and 5G frequency bands. The isolation between the radiating elements is greater than 18 dB in the operating bands. The peak gain of the antenna is 3.6 dBi, and the envelope correlation coefficient (ECC) is less than 0.04. Furthermore, the proposed antenna is validated for IoT-based smart home (SH) applications. The prototype MIMO antenna is integrated with a commercially available ZigBee device, and the measured values are found to be consistent with the expected results. The proposed MIMO antenna could be a good candidate for IoT systems/modules due to its low profile, compact size, lightweight, and easy integration with wireless communication devices.

18.
J Environ Manage ; : 114135, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34857403

RESUMO

The Chinese government has called for clean and effective energy substitution for cooking in rural areas. This paper assesses the environmental and economic impacts of various types of cooking fuels and stoves. According to the assessment results, the environmental impacts are highly influenced by the types of fuels and the efficiency of stoves used for cooking. Using biogas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and natural gas for cooking instead of solid fuels can significantly reduce environmental emissions. To provide 1 megajoule (MJ) of useful cooking heat, the environmental costs of lump coal, honeycomb briquettes, and straw are the largest, estimated to be 80.4 yuan/MJ, 73.1 yuan/MJ, and 71.4 yuan/MJ, respectively. In addition, the economic assessment results show that the most expensive source of cooking fuel is LPG, with an average annual cost of 1700 yuan, while the cost of straw and firewood is the cheapest, at less than 100 yuan. The average annual cost of electricity is higher than that of natural gas. Regarding the substitution effects, using natural gas for cooking is better than using electricity. The environmental benefit of electricity substitution is only 10%-20% of natural gas substitution, and the corresponding increasing cost for residents is 1.5 times that of natural gas substitution.

19.
Cell Biol Int ; 2021 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34865263

RESUMO

The enzyme m6 A methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) catalyzes N6 -methyladenosine (m6 A) modification in eukaryotic mRNAs. However, the physiological function and molecular mechanism of METTL3 in mammalian cells have not been fully understood. Here we showed that METTL3 was highly expressed in mouse mammary gland of the lactation period. METTL3 was located in the nucleus of bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs), and methionine (Met) and ß-estrodial (E2) up-regulated METTL3 protein level. METTL3 knockdown decreased milk protein and fat synthesis, whereas its overexpression had the opposite effects. METTL3 overexpression stimulated mRNA expression and protein phosphorylation of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) and mRNA and protein expression of sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP1), whereas METTL3 knockdown blocked the stimulatory effects of Met and E2 on these processes. Furthermore, METTL3 overexpression led to increased mRNA m6 A methylation of mTOR and SREBP1, whereas METTL3 knockdown suppressed the stimulatory effects of Met and E2 on these processes. The interaction between METTL3 and glycyl-tRNA synthetase (GlyRS) was confirmed by Co-IP and FRET approaches, and colocalization observation further showed that Met and E2 treatment increased this interaction. GlyRS knockdown abolished METTL3 protein levels up-regulated by Met and E2, and METTL3 knockdown markedly decreased the effects of GlyRS overexpression on mTOR expression and phosphorylation and SREBP1 expression. In summary, we demonstrate that METTL3 is a key positive regulator of Met and E2-stimulated and GlyRS-mediated mTOR and SREBP1 signaling pathways and milk protein and fat synthesis in MECs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

20.
Chemosphere ; 292: 133321, 2021 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34929267

RESUMO

Inorganic pollution induced by smelting waste has threatened the safety of environment, whereas the impacts on farmlands with regards to potentially toxic elements (PTEs) receive insufficient attention. Herein, the contents, transfer pathways and potential risks of the PTEs in common crops were examined from different farmlands distributed around an indigenous Zn-smelting area in Guizhou, China. The results showed that Tl in cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) (up to 3.74 mg/kg) and radish (Raphanus sativus L.) (up to 1.16 mg/kg) at some sites exceeded the maximum permissible level (MPL) (0.5 mg/kg) for food, and, under the same pollution condition, cabbage and radish were more likely to enrich PTEs, and the edible portion of maize was not prone to Tl risk. Hazard quotient calculations of Tl, Ba, and U were greater than 1, indicating the edible risk of crops for these PTEs. Further characterization of selected soils revealed that MnFe2O4 and Fe2O3 controlled the phase transformation of Tl(III) in rhizospheric soils. Furthermore, distinctive mullite was detected in the soil which confirmed the contribution of high temperature smelting to PTEs pollution. The findings indicate an emergent need for soil remediation around historical indigenous metal smelting areas for the sake of food security.

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