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1.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(2): 117-122, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135627

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the efficacy and prognostic factors of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for the treatment of patients with anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) . Methods: The clinical records of 33 ALCL patients after HSCT were collected and analyzed retrospectively to evaluate the rates of overall survival (OS) and recurrence after autologous (auto-HSCT) and allogeneic HSCT (allo-HSCT) and the factors influencing prognosis. Results: The median-age of this cohort of 33 ALCL cases at diagnosis was 31 (12-57) years old with a male/female ratio of 23/10, 24 cases (72.7%) were ALK(+) and 9 ones (27.3%) ALK(-). Of them, 25 patients (19 ALK(+) and 6 ALK(-)) underwent auto-HSCT and 8 cases (5 ALK(+) and 3ALK(-)) allo-HSCT with a median follow-up of 18.7 (4.0-150.0) months. Disease states before HSCT were as follows: only 6 patients achieved CR status and received auto-HSCT, 16 patients achieved PR (14 cases by auto-HSCT and 2 ones allo-HSCT) , the rest 11 cases were refractory/relapse (5 cases by auto-HSCT and 6 ones allo-HSCT) . There were 7 cases died of disease progression (5 after auto-HSCT and 2 allo-HSCT) and 5 cases treatment-related mortality (TRM) (2 after auto-HSCT and 3 allo-HSCT) , TRM of two groups were 8.0% and 37.5%, respectively. Both the median progression-free survival (PFS) and OS were 15 months after auto-HSCT, the median PFS and OS after allo-HSCT were 3.7 (1.0-90.0) and 4.6 (1.0-90.0) months, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in terms of survival curves between the two groups (OS and PFS, P=0.247 and P=0.317) . The 2-year OS rates in auto-HSCT and allo-HSCT groups were 72% and 50%, respectively. The 5-year OS rates in auto-HSCT and allo-HSCT groups were 36% and 25%, respectively. Conclusion: ALCL treated by chemotherapy produced high rates of overall and complete responses. Chemotherapy followed by auto-HSCT remained to be good choice for patients with poor prognostic factors. High-risk patients should be considered more beneficial from allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Autólogo , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(5): 2557-2563, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196606

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most ordinary fatal cancers. Recent studies have identified the vital role of genes in the development and progression of Tri-negative breast cancer (TNBC). In this research, DGCR8 was studied to identify how it functioned in the metastasis of TNBC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: DGCR8 expression of tissues was detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) in 50 TNBC patients. Wound healing assay and transwell assay were used to observe the changes in the biological behaviors of TNBC cells through knockdown or overexpression of DGCR8. In addition, qRT-PCR and Western blot assay were performed to discover the potential target protein of DGCR8 in TNBC. RESULTS: DGCR8 expression level in TNBC samples was higher than that of adjacent ones. Besides, the migration ability and invasion ability of TNBC cells were inhibited after DGCR8 was silenced, while they were promoted after DGCR8 was overexpressed. In addition, TGF-ß was downregulated after silencing of DGCR8 in TNBC cells, while TGF-ß was upregulated after overexpression of DGCR8 in TNBC cells. Furthermore, TGF-ß was upregulated in TNBC tissues, which was positively associated with DGCR8. CONCLUSIONS: Our study uncovers a new oncogene in TNBC and suggests that DGCR8 can enhance TNBC cell migration and invasion via targeting TGF-ß, which provides a novel therapeutic target for TNBC patients.

3.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(1): 74-78, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062946

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between exposure to famine in fetus and infant period and the risks for hypertension in adulthood. Methods: A total of 5 960 participants born between 1956 and 1965 were included in the study and were divided into unexposed group (1963-1965), fetal exposed group (1959-1961), early- childhood exposed group (1956-1958) and transitional group (1962). Logistic regression model was used to explore the association between famine exposure in early life and the risk for hypertension in adulthood. Results: Both the fetal exposure and the early-childhood exposure were the risk factors for hypertension in adulthood (OR=1.249, 95%CI: 1.049-1.486 and OR=1.360, 95%CI: 1.102-1.679). Meanwhile, in rural area, compared with unexposed group, the fetal exposure (OR=1.401, 95%CI: 1.091-1.798) and the early-childhood exposure (OR=1.460, 95%CI: 1.145-1.862) were also associated with a greater risk of hypertension in adulthood. In addition, fetal exposure and early-childhood exposure to famine in women were associated with 36.0% and 31.9% increased risks for hypertension (95%CI: 7.8%-71.7% and 95%CI: 4.8%-66.0%) according to the stratified analysis. Conclusion: Fetal exposure to famine might increase the risk for hypertension in adulthood.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Inanição , Adulto , Criança , China , Feminino , Feto , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Lactente , Gravidez , Inanição/complicações
4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(23): 10517-10522, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841207

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recently, the vital functions of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in many diseases have been explored. This study aims to identify the function of lncRNA PCAT-1 in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Real Time-quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR) was performed to detect PCAT-1 expression in right atrial appendage (RAA) tissues of 51 AF patients and 35 patients with sinus rhythm (SR). Besides, cell proliferation assay was conducted in AC16 cells with PCAT-1 knockdown. Molecular mechanism of PCAT-1 in influencing the progression of AF was finally investigated. RESULTS: PCAT-1 expression was higher in RAA tissues of AF patients than those of SR patients. Moreover, knockdown of PCAT-1 inhibited proliferation in AC16 cells. Transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) was a target of PCAT-1 and its expression in AF tissues positively correlated to PCAT-1 expression. CONCLUSIONS: PCAT-1 could promote cell proliferation of AF via promoting TGF-ß1, which may provide a new theory for AF development.

5.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(48): 3786-3791, 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874515

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcomes in patients with relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) who had undergone allogeneic hematological stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Methods: From June 2007 to June 2017, the clinical data of PTCL patients who underwent HSCT from eight hospitals were assessed retrospectively. Results: There were 23 patients diagnosed as relapsed or refractory PTCL with chemoresistance who underwent allo-HSCT. Among these patients, 18 were identified as progressive disease (PD) status and 5 patients as stable disease (SD) status before allo-HSCT. Seventeen patients received allo-HSCT from matched sibling donor (MSD),2 patients from matched unrelated donor and 4 patients from related haplo-identical donor (HD). After a median follow-up of 29 months, 21 patients survived longer than 28 days after allo-HSCT. Hematopoietic reconstitution was achieved in 20 of the 21 patients. The median time of myeloid and platelet engraftment were+13 (9-22) d and+16(10-38) d, respectively. The 100-d treatment-related mortality rate was 13.1%. Acute GVHD occurred in 11(47.8%) patients at a median time of 22(6-82) d after transplantation. Grade Ⅱ~Ⅳ aGVHD occurred in 6 patients. Chronic GVHD occurred in 10 patients at a median of 7.9 (3.5-27) months. After a median follow-up of 29 months, 13 patients died after HSCT. Four of them died of complications associated with allo-HSCT, and other 9 patients died of the primary lymphoma. The 3-years cumulative overall survival (OS) and progress-free survival (PFS) were 43.03% (95%CI: 29.79-69.16) and 39.13% (95%CI: 23.50-65.14), respectively. No significant difference was found in the 3-year PFS between patients with PD status and SD status before allo-HSCT (P=0.133). Conclusion: Allo-HSCT can be a promising treatment for relapsed or refractory PTCL with chemoresistance.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446732

RESUMO

Objective:The aim of this study is to analyze the results of vestibular function tests and clinical value of patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) and vertigo. Method:Twelve cases(24 ears) of unilateral SSHL with vertigo were included in the study group. 11 age and sex matched normal subjects(22 ears) were recruited as the normal control group. Both patients and normal subjects underwent carolic tests, ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP), and cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) in bilateral ears. The results were compared between the subjects and the normal control group. Result: The rate of positive oVEMP was 25.0% in the affected ear and 50.0% in the contralateral ear in patients with SSHL and vertigo, and 90.9% in normal subjects; while the rate of positive cVEMP was 58.3% in the affected ear and 58.3% in the contralateral ear in patients with SSHL and vertigo, and 90.9% in normal subjects. There were no significant differences between the affected and contralateral ears (P>0.05). Compared to normal subjects, oVEMP and cVEMP in both the affected and contralateral ears were significantly reduced (P<0.05). The parameters of oVEMP and cVEMP (N1 latency, P1 latency, amplitudes) were not significantly different among the groups(P<0.05). Compared to normal subjects, the threshold difference of oVEMP and cVEMP in both the affected and contralateral ears werehigher than the normal subjects(P<0.05). Among 12 SSHL patients who underwent caloric test, 9 were found with unilateral semicircular canal weakness(CP>25%), and the abnormal rate was 75% (9/12). Conclusion:Patients with vertigo with vertigo have impaired conduction function in the ipsilateral and contralateral vestibular pathways, mainly due to decreased vestibular evoked myogenic potential, increased threshold, and abnormal cold and heat tests. The vestibular function test provides an objective basis for assessing the inner ear injury in patients with vertigo.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/diagnóstico , Perda Auditiva Súbita/diagnóstico , Potenciais Evocados Miogênicos Vestibulares , Testes de Função Vestibular , Testes Calóricos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Vertigem
7.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327204

RESUMO

Objective:The aim of this study is to compare the night sleep hypoxia degree and sleep structure of young and middle-aged and elderly patients with OSA, so that PSG has more important application value.Method:A total of 438 patients diagnosed with OSA from February 2017 to January 2019 were selected,including 119 patients in the youth group with an average age of (28.5±5.1)years,and 319 patients in the middle and elderly group with an average age of (45.8±2.7)years.The results recorded by PSG in the two groups were retrospectively analyzed. Result:①The AHI, ODI, OAI, MAI and ASaO2of OSA patients in the junior group were significantly higher than those in the middle-aged and elderly group, while CAI was not statistically significant between the two groups (P=0.419).②The NREM stage Ⅰ (61.1±4.3)% in the junior group was significantly higher than that in the junior group (53.3±3.4)%.NREM stage Ⅱ (33.2±2.3)% and NREM stage Ⅲ+Ⅳ (4.3±1.3)% in the junior group were higher than those in the middle-aged group (29.2±3.9)% and stage Ⅲ+Ⅳ (2.6±0.9)%, while the percentage of REM stage and microarousal index were not statistically significant between the two groups.③Young OSA patients were associated with hypertension and 47.0% middle-aged and elderly patients were associated with hypertension.There was no statistical difference between the two groups in whether hypertension was associated with hypertension or not.Conclusion:The NREM phase is particularly susceptible to age, and age affects slow wave sleep. The sleep structure of middle-aged and older people demonstrates their sleep characteristics: reduced total sleep time,slow wave sleep,low sleep efficiency,and delayed sleep. The young people's nighttime hypoxia is more serious. AHI,ODI,OAI,MAI,ASaO2 and other indicators are significantly higher than the middle-aged and elderly people, but the sleep structure 2 groups are similar, indicating that young people have strong sleep physiological compensation and Adjustment ability.


Assuntos
Fatores Etários , Polissonografia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sono , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Pediatr Urol ; 15(4): 374.e1-374.e5, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The male genital examination is a common source of discomfort for the patient and medical provider. Performance of male genital examination is imperative; however, as many treatable diagnoses can be made. Undescended testicles (UDTs), hernias, testicular tumors, and urethral abnormalities are all potentially concerning findings which can be discovered on routine examination. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are to determine the rate at which general pediatricians perform routine genitourinary (GU) examinations in the pediatric population and to determine the rate at which UDT are diagnosed or documented in the patient's history. The authors hypothesize the rate of pediatric GU examination during routine well-child visits to be in line with the previously reported rates in the adult literature. STUDY DESIGN: Nine hundred ninety-six consecutive male well-child visits conducted by general pediatricians at the study institution were reviewed. These visits were evaluated for documentation of a detailed GU examination as well as the presence of UDT from these examinations. In addition, past medical and surgical histories were reviewed to determine if a diagnosis of UDT was noted. RESULTS: Pediatricians at the study institution documented GU examinations 99.1% of the time during male well-child visits. Only 1.1% of the cohort had a documentation of UDT at any time point. Of the 11 patients with UDT, 6 boys (54.5%) had spontaneous descent with no referral to urology, whereas 5 (45.5%) required orchidopexy. DISCUSSION: Prior reports suggest 70-75% of routine office visits include a genital examination. None of these reports reviewed the pediatric population, thus making this review novel in this respect. In addition, the results are vastly different from these prior studies as the authors demonstrated over 99% of male well-child examinations included documentation of a thorough genital examination. A limitation of the study is its retrospective nature, which creates a lack of standardization across the data set. In addition, without being physically present in the examination room, one cannot discern whether an examination is simply being documented without actual performance because of the template format of the electronic medical record (EMR). Furthermore, the study was not designed to best evaluate the true rate of UDTs; therefore, the reported rate of 1.1% cannot be accurately associated with a particular age at diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatricians do, in fact, document GU examinations on a routine basis. This finding cannot be taken with complete certainty as verification of actual examination performance is impractical. While the data demonstrated a lower than expected rate of UDT, depending upon age at diagnosis, this could indicate that although examinations are being documented, their accuracy may be diminished because of various factors at play in the healthcare system as a whole, including improper exam performance and EMR templates. Follow-up studies are required to verify these potentially changing rates of UDT and to determine if there is discordance between documentation and performance of GU examinations.

9.
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 32(19): 1511-1514, 2018 Oct 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30550202

RESUMO

Two cases with piriform fossa cancer underwent larynx lateral wall repair surgery. Case 1: The patient was admitted to the hospital because of pharyngeal discomfort with swallowing pain for 2 months Electronic laryngoscopy revealed neoplasm in the left piriform fossa. Space occupying lesion in left piriform fossa and paranasal space was found in MRI scan. The pathological diagnosis of this patient was squamous cell squamous cell carcinoma (T2N1M0). Case 2: The patient was admitted to the hospital because of blood in the sputum for more than 1 year. The electronic laryngoscope suggested neoplasm in the pharyngeal space and left vocal cord paralysis.Soft tissue thickening of the oropharynx and hypopharyngeal right wall was found in MRI scan. The pathological diagnosis of this patient was squamous cell carcinoma (T1N2M0).

10.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 56(10): 745-748, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30369153

RESUMO

Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has become the preferred treatment for Stanford type B aortic dissection. Covered the left subclavian artery (LSA) directly may cause corresponding complications in Stanford type B aortic dissection with unfavourable proximal landing zone. TEVAR can be successfully implemented by reconstructing LSA to expand the proximal landing zone. Currently, the methods of reconstructing LSA mainly include hybridization technology (carotid-subclavian artery transposition), chimney technology (including branch stent technology) and fenestration (or slot technology), etc. These techniques are all valid for aortic dissection that needs to reconstructing LSA. The choices and applications of these techniques should follow the individualized principles.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Prótese Vascular , Artéria Subclávia , Aorta Torácica , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Ann Oncol ; 29(11): 2254-2260, 2018 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30204835

RESUMO

Background: Cancer-related genes are under intense evolutionary pressure. We conjectured that gene size is an important determinant of amplification propensity for oncogenes and thus cancer susceptibility and therefore could be subject to natural selection. Patients and methods: Gene information, including size and genomic locations, of all protein-coding genes were downloaded from Ensembl (release 87). Quantification of gene amplification was based on Genomic Identification of Significant Targets in Cancer scores obtained from available The Cancer Genome Atlas studies. Results: Oncogenes are larger in size as compared with non-cancer genes (mean size: 92.1 kb versus 61.4 kb; P < 0.0001) in the human genome, which is contributed by both increased total exon size (mean size: 4.6 kb versus 3.4 kb; P < 0.0001) and higher intronic content (mean %: 84.8 versus 78.0; P < 0.01). Such non-random size distribution and intronic composition are conserved in mouse and Drosophila (all P < 0.0001). Stratification by gene age indicated that young oncogenes have been subject to a stronger evolutionary pressure for gene expansion than their non-cancer counterparts. Pan-cancer analysis demonstrated that larger oncogenes were amplified to a lesser extent. Tumor-suppressor genes also moved toward small oncogenes in the course of evolution. Conclusions: Oncogenes expand in size whereas tumor-suppressor genes move closer to small oncogenes in the course of evolution to withstand oncogenic somatic amplification. Our findings have shed new light on the previously unappreciated influence of gene size on oncogene amplification and elucidated how cancers have shaped our genome to its present configuration.


Assuntos
Evolução Molecular , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genoma Humano/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Oncogenes/genética , Animais , Biologia Computacional , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Drosophila , Amplificação de Genes , Genes Supressores de Tumor , Genômica/métodos , Humanos , Camundongos
12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29902859

RESUMO

Stem cell is critical to regeneration of tissue or organ of human. How to promote repair or regeneration in the tissues/organ using its pluripotency is always an important issue. Lgr5-possitive cell is one type of the stem cell-like cells capable of pluripotent differentiation in various tissues/organs of both humans and mice. Current study showed that single or small amount Lgr5-possitive stem cells can grow and form a plurality of organs in 3D culture system, and some organs can present similar biological and physiological properties with the progenitor they were derived. These studies provided new insight into future orientation, for example, Lgr5-possitive inner ear cells were confirmed as inner ear pluripotent cells population, the experiences obtained from organoid studies of Lgr5-possitive cells have certainly showed potential in the future study of inner ear stem cells. This review will focus on the recent progress associated with Lgr 5-positive stem cells forming organoids in the 3D culture.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Organoides/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/fisiologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G , Regeneração , Animais , Orelha Interna/citologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/química
13.
Nat Prod Res ; 32(8): 939-943, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28857613

RESUMO

Three new polyketides 4,6,8-trihydroxy-5-methyl-3,4-dihydronaphthalen-1(2H)-one (1), 5,7-dihydroxy-3-(1-hydroxyethyl)-3,4-dimethylisobenzofuran-1(3H)-one (2) and 1-(4-hydroxy-6-methoxy-1,7-dimethyl-3-oxo-1,3-dihydroisobenzofuran-1-yl) ethyl acetate (3) together with seven known analogues (4-10) were isolated from desert endophytic fungus Paraphoma sp. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by analysis of NMR data. The absolute configuration of (1-3) was established on the basis of CD experiments. The possible biosynthetic pathway of compounds (1-10) was suggested, which implied that these secondary metabolites might be originated from polyketide biosynthesis with different post-modification reactions. Compounds 2, and 5-8 were evaluated for bioactivities against plant pathogen A. solani, whereas none of them displayed any biological effects. In addition, compounds 1, 2 and 5-10 were also tested for cytotoxic activities against three human cancer cell lines (HepG2 cells, MCF-7 cells and Hela cells) without biological effects.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/química , Policetídeos/química , Policetídeos/farmacologia , Alternaria/efeitos dos fármacos , Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Dicroísmo Circular , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Endófitos/química , Células HeLa , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Policetídeos/metabolismo , Metabolismo Secundário
14.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 48(6): 355-358, 2018 Nov 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30669773

RESUMO

The history of vascular surgery in new China could be divided into the following three stages: the first stage, since the early 1980s, the technique of endovascular surgery was introduced in China, developed in some major hospitals, and gradually popularized to some basic hospitals conditionally. Vascular surgery had gradually developed into an independent discipline in China by the late 1980s. The second stage, since the late 1980s, vascular diagnosis and treatment technology, vascular equipment, and related research modification had been improving continuously in China, and achieved certain success, especially since the establishment of the department of vascular surgery affiliated to the Chinese Medical Association in 1993, vascular surgery in China representing its period of primary development. The third stage, since the beginning of the 21st century, the innovation of the technique of endovascular surgery and hybridization technology, and the development of materials technology had contributed to the second leaping forward of vascular surgery in China. Since then, vascular surgery enters a new era of minimally invasive surgery and opens a period of rapid development.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , China , História do Século XX , Hospitais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/história
16.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 45(3): 190-197, 2017 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28316174

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ivabradine for the treatment of Chinese patients with chronic heart failure based on the Chinese subgroup data of the systolic heart failure treatment with the I(f) inhibitor ivabradine trial (SHIFT). Method: A total of 6 558 stable outpatients who presented symptoms of heart failure, with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤35%, sinus rhythms with a heart rate ≥70 bpm participated in the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, international multicenter clinical study.The subset of Chinese patients with heart rate ≥75 bpm was enrolled in the post-hoc subgroup analyses.Patients were randomly allocated by computer-generated assignment through a telephone interactive voice response system to ivabradine group (starting dose 5 mg bid, which was then uptitrated to the maximum 7.5 mg bid) or matched placebo group.The clinical baseline characteristics of participants were obtained and analyzed.The primary outcome endpoint was a composite endpoint of cardiovascular death or hospitalization resulting from worsening HF.The primary safety endpoint included total incidence of adverse events during the study, bradycardia, and adverse visual reaction (phosphenes). Results: A total of 49 Chinese centers enrolled a total of 225 patients with chronic heart failure, of whom, 106 patients were randomized to the ivabradine group and the other 119 patients to the placebo group, and the mean follow-up time was (15.6±5.1) months.By the end of the study, mean heart rate (71.0 bpm vs. 80.3 bpm, P<0.05) and incidence of the primary endpoint events (18.9% (20/106) vs. 31.9%(38/119), HR=0.56, 95%CI 0.33-0.97, P=0.039) were significantly lower, while the percentage of patients with improvement in heart functional class NYHA (53.8% (56/106) vs. 34.5% (41/119), P=0.006 1) was significantly higher in the ivabradine group than in the placebo group.The total number of adverse events (129 events, 49.6% PY) in the ivabradine group was lower than that in the placebo group (203 events, 50.8% PY). In the ivabradine group and the placebo group, there were respectively 2 patients (1.9%) and 0 patients experienced bradycardia, 3 patients (2.9%) and 1 patient (0.8%) experienced adverse visual reaction (phosphenes). Conclusions: Ivabradine significantly reduced heart rate and improved the clinical outcomes and NYHA function class in Chinese patients with chronic heart failure, these beneficial effects are achieved without inducing remarkable adverse reactions.The results of Chinese subgroup analysis were thus consistent with the overall results of the SHIFT study. Clinical Trial Registry: International standard randomized controlled trials registry, ISRCTN 70429960.


Assuntos
Benzazepinas/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Benzazepinas/efeitos adversos , Doença Crônica , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica , Frequência Cardíaca , Hospitalização , Humanos , Ivabradina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
17.
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 31(24): 1927-1930, 2017 Dec 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29798318

RESUMO

Objective:To evaluate the influence risk factors of recurrence and the methods for reducing recurrence of sinonasal inverted papilloma (SNIP). Method:Clinical data of 34 patients with SNIP were analyzed retrospectively. All of them were unilateral onset. The diagnosis was confirmed pathologically and the range of lesions was determined by endoscopic and imaging examination; clinical classification according to Krouse classification method; All operations were performed under nasal endoscope, of which 20 cases were operated by simple nasal endoscope, and 14 cases were operated by endoscopic anterior lacrimal recess approach. The patients were followed up for 12-36 months. The curative effects were observed and the prognostic factors of the patients were analyzed. Result:Thirty-four cases of SNIP patients with postoperative recurrence rate was 17.65% (6/34); simple nasal endoscopic surgery in 20 cases, the recurrence rate was 25.00%(5/20); endoscopic anterior lacrimal recess approach in 14 cases, the recurrence rate was 7.14%(1/14), the difference was statistically insignificant (χ²=1.807, P>0.05). Four cases in stage Ⅰ had no recurrence;20 cases in stage Ⅱ, the recurrence rate was 15.0%(3/20); 9 cases in stage Ⅲ, the recurrence rate was 33.3%(3/9); 1 case in stage Ⅳ had no recurrence, the recurrence rate of the patients with different stages were statistically insignificant (χ²=2.692, P>0.05). Conclusion:Simple endoscopic resection of the tumor and endoscopic anterior lacrimal recess surgery are effective methods for the treatment of SNIP. The nasal surgery history and tumor origin are the risk factors for recurrence. The operation completely tumorresection,detailed preoperative examination and postoperative regular endoscopic examination are the keys to preventing recurrence.


Assuntos
Endoscopia , Neoplasias Nasais/cirurgia , Papiloma Invertido/cirurgia , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/cirurgia , Humanos , Cavidade Nasal , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 52(11): 678-683, 2017 Nov 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29972947

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the transverse displacement, stress distribution and tendency of change in tooth, alveolar bone and mid-palatal suture using three kinds of rapid maxillary expansion methods. Methods: Cone-beam CT image data was obtained by scanning skulls of a volunteer. Three-dimensional models of maxillary complex were re-established using Mimics and Geomagic Studio and models of Hyrax expander, Haas expander and miniscrew-assisted rapid palatal expander (MARPE) were established using ANSYS Workbench. Stress distribution, displacement and tendency of change in tooth, alveolar bone and mid-palatal suture were evaluated. Results: Hyrax expander brought 0.105 mm lateral displacement of crown, 0.022 mm mid-palatal suture width increase, wedge opening and clockwise rotation tendency of maxilla. Haas expander created uniform stress distribution, 0.216 mm lateral displacement of crown, and 0.031 mm mid-palatal suture width increase. In MARPE model, the lateral displacement of crown was 0.267 mm, and mid-palatal suture width increased 0.315 mm. The maximum of mid-palatal suture expansion and stress distribution appeared in the middle region, and maxilla had tendency of counterclockwise rotation. Conclusions: The lateral changes of teeth and bones brought by MARPE were the most significant. Haas expander had some advantages in comparison with Hyrax.


Assuntos
Análise do Estresse Dentário/métodos , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Simulação por Computador , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional , Maxila/fisiologia , Técnica de Expansão Palatina/instrumentação , Palato , Dente
19.
J Hum Hypertens ; 30(1): 53-61, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25880592

RESUMO

Aldosterone/renin ratio (ARR) is currently regarded as the most reliable and available screening test for primary aldosteronism (PA), however, the falling accuracy of ARR with increasing age has posed crucial challenge for PA screening among older-aged population. To clarify potential effects of age on screening for PA, 216 subjects with PA and 657 subjects with non-PA were recruited and subdivided into four age groups (⩽39, 40-49, 50-59 and ⩾60 years) and their biochemical parameters were compared. As expected, plasma renin activity (PRA) lowered more than plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) and led to gradually elevated ARR with increasing age in the non-PA group (P<0.001), whereas this phenomenon was unconspicuous in the PA group. The best cut-off values of ARR for PA screening were elevated in subjects ⩾50 years, whereas the area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs), sensitivity, specificity and Youden's index (YI) of ARR were declined with increasing age, especially in patients ⩾60 years (AUC=0.863, sensitivity=95.2%, specificity=69.0%, YI=0.643). The AUCs of PAC increased with increasing age and even slightly surpassed that of ARR in patients ⩾60 years (AUCPAC=0.884). Our data suggest that the criteria of ARR for PA screening in patients ⩾50 years may need setting higher; the falling accuracy of ARR with increasing age, especially in patients ⩾60 years, could be improved by taking into account the absolute value of the PAC when applicable by the center.


Assuntos
Hiperaldosteronismo/sangue , Hiperaldosteronismo/diagnóstico , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Aldosterona/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Renina/sangue , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
Drug Res (Stuttg) ; 66(3): 160-4, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26325166

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to investigate a food effect on the single-dose pharmacokinetics and tolerability of subutinib maleate capsules in healthy Chinese volunteers. The author evaluated the effect of being under a fasting or fed state at the time of drug intake on the single-dose of subutinib maleate capsules in a randomized, balanced, single-dose, 2-treatment (fasting and fed), 2-period design with a 3-week washout period. The end points were the maximum plasma drug concentration (Cmax) and areas under the plasma-concentration curve (AUC) for 336 h exposure (AUC0-336) and total exposure (AUC0-∞). All volunteers completed the whole study without side effects being observed. For subutinib, Cmax were 6.13 and 5.04 ng·mL(-1), and AUC0-336 were 278.4 and 304.5 h·ng·mL(-1) in the fasting and the fed state, respectively. For active metabolite, Cmax were 0.90 and 0.61 ng·mL(-1), and AUC0-336 were 65.5 and 56.4 h·ng·mL(-1) in the fasting and the fed state, respectively. The authors showed that food intake was associated with a slight increase in AUC values but decrease in Cmax of subutinib, and it was associated with a decrease both in AUC and Cmax of active metabolite.


Assuntos
Interações Alimento-Droga , Alimentos/efeitos adversos , Indóis/metabolismo , Indóis/farmacocinética , Pirróis/metabolismo , Pirróis/farmacocinética , Adulto , Área Sob a Curva , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Disponibilidade Biológica , Cápsulas/metabolismo , Cápsulas/farmacocinética , Estudos Cross-Over , Ingestão de Alimentos , Jejum , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
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