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1.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids ; 1865(5): 158640, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31988048

RESUMO

Obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). A diverse group of factors including miRNA has been implicated in the pathogenesis of these two metabolic conditions, although underlying molecular mechanisms involved are not well defined. Here, we provide evidence that hepatic miR-125a levels are diminished in both genetic as well as dietary mouse models of obesity. Overexpression of miR-125a enhanced insulin signaling and attenuated cellular lipid accumulation in HepG2 cells and Hepa1-6 cells. Likewise, treatment of mice with ago-miR-125a increased insulin sensitivity, similar to overexpression of miR-125a, whereas treatment of mice with antago-miR-125a blunted the insulin sensitivity. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-125a in mice previously fed a high-fat diet (HFD), significantly improved insulin sensitivity, and attenuated obesity-linked hepatic steatosis and hepatocyte lipid accumulation. In addition, we show that ELOVL fatty acid elongase 6 (Elovl6) is a direct target of miR-125a, and participates in miR-125a mediated regulation of insulin sensitivity and lipid metabolism. These data led us to conclude that dysregulated miR-125a expression augments the development of obesity-induced IR and that miR-125a might serve as a therapeutic target for the development of new drug(s) in the clinical management of metabolic diseases.

2.
Oncogene ; 39(1): 234-247, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471584

RESUMO

An increased DNA repair capacity is associated with drug resistance and limits the efficacy of chemotherapy in breast cancers. Flap endonuclease 1 (FEN1) participates in various DNA repair pathways and contributes to cancer progression and drug resistance in chemotherapy. Inhibition of FEN1 serves as a potent strategy for cancer therapy. Here, we demonstrate that microRNA-140 (miR-140) inhibits FEN1 expression via directly binding to its 3' untranslated region, leading to impaired DNA repair and repressed breast cancer progression. Overexpression of miR-140 sensitizes breast cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents and overcomes drug resistance in breast cancer. Notably, ectopic expression of FEN1 abates the effects of miR-140 on DNA damage and the chemotherapy response in breast cancer cells. Furthermore, the transcription factor/repressor Ying Yang 1 (YY1) directly binds to the miR-140 promoter and activates miR-140 expression, which is attenuated in doxorubicin resistance. Our results demonstrate that miR-140 acts as a tumor suppressor in breast cancer by inhibiting FEN1 to repress DNA damage repair and reveal miR-140 to be a new anti-tumorigenesis factor for adjunctive breast cancer therapy. This novel mechanism will enhance the treatment effect of chemotherapy in breast cancer.

3.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 146: 865-873, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426230

RESUMO

To characterize the magnetic signature of sediment heavy metal contamination and identify sources of heavy metals in mangroves, 83 sediment specimens were collected from three mangroves in Fujian, China; various magnetic parameters and heavy metal concentrations were then determined. Variation in magnetic magnetization among specimens was linked to changes in pseudo-single-domain magnetite. Average values of Co, Cu, Ni, and Zn (but not Cr or Pb) were slightly lower than background levels. Geochemical evidence suggested that Co, Cr, Ni, Ti, and V were associated with lithogenic minerals in the sediment, while Cu, Pb, and Zn were associated with terrigenous minerals. A strong positive correlation was seen between magnetic concentration-dependent parameters and metal concentrations (Cu, Pb, and Zn), suggesting enrichment of metal-containing magnetic minerals with heavy metal pollution. The combined assessment of both sediment magnetic properties and heavy metal concentrations thus provides insight into the pollution status of mangrove sediments under complex conditions.


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Metais Pesados/química , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Magnetismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
4.
FASEB J ; 33(11): 11668-11681, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348687

RESUMO

Multiple DNA repair pathways may be involved in the removal of the same DNA lesion caused by endogenous or exogenous agents. Although distinct DNA repair machinery fulfill overlapping roles in the repair of DNA lesions, the mechanisms coordinating different pathways have not been investigated in detail. Here, we show that Ku70, a core protein of nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) repair pathway, can directly interact with DNA polymerase-ß (Pol-ß), a central player in the DNA base excision repair (BER), and this physical complex not only promotes the polymerase activity of Pol-ß and BER efficiency but also enhances the classic NHEJ repair. Moreover, we find that DNA damages caused by methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) or etoposide promote the formation of Ku70-Pol-ß complexes at the repair foci. Furthermore, suppression of endogenous Ku70 expression by small interfering RNA reduces BER efficiency and leads to higher sensitivity to MMS and accumulation of the DNA strand breaks. Similarly, Pol-ß knockdown impairs total-NHEJ capacity but only has a slight influence on alternative NHEJ. These results suggest that Pol-ß and Ku70 coordinate 2-way crosstalk between the BER and NHEJ pathways.-Xia, W., Ci, S., Li, M., Wang, M., Dianov, G. L., Ma, Z., Li, L., Hua, K., Alagamuthu, K. K., Qing, L., Luo, L., Edick, A. M., Liu, L., Hu, Z., He, L., Pan, F., Guo, Z. Two-way crosstalk between BER and c-NHEJ repair pathway is mediated by Pol-ß and Ku70.

5.
Mol Cancer Res ; 17(10): 2077-2088, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350308

RESUMO

Cisplatin, commonly used in a variety of cancer treatments, induces apoptosis in cancer cells by causing lethal DNA damage. Several DNA repair pathways participate in regulation of cisplatin treatment, leading to cisplatin sensitivity or resistance in cancer cells. DNA polymerase ß (pol ß), a key protein involved in base excision repair, confers a response to cisplatin therapy that is dependent on polymerase activity. Pol ß D160G mutation with enhanced polymerase activity, previously identified in clear cell renal cell carcinoma, enhances the sensitivity of human cancer cells and mouse xenografts to cisplatin by limiting the efficiency of nucleotide excision repair (NER). Notably, the D160G mutation impedes the recruitment of XPA to cisplatin-induced sites of DNA damage, leading to unrepaired damage and further inducing cell death. Molecular architecture analysis indicated that the D160G mutation alters protein-DNA interactions and the surface electrostatic properties of the DNA-binding regions, resulting in greater DNA affinity and polymerase activity compared with wild-type pol ß. Collectively, these results indicate that enhancing pol ß activity impedes the efficiency of NER and provide a promising adjuvant therapeutic strategy for cisplatin chemotherapy. IMPLICATIONS: Our studies demonstrate that polß D160G mutation with enhanced polymerase activity impedes NER efficiency during the repair of cisplatin-induced DNA damage, leading to increased cisplatin sensitivity in cancer cells.

6.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(12): 5442-5450, 2019 03 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30824593

RESUMO

Directed colloidal self-assembly at fluid interfaces can have a large impact in the fields of nanotechnology, materials, and biomedical sciences. The ability to control interfacial self-assembly relies on the fine interplay between bulk and surface interactions. Here, we investigate the interfacial assembly of thermoresponsive microgels and lipogels at the surface of giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) consisting of phospholipids bilayers with different compositions. By altering the properties of the lipid membrane and the microgel particles, it is possible to control the adsorption/desorption processes as well as the organization and dynamics of the colloids at the vesicle surface. No translocation of the microgels and lipogels through the membrane was observed for any of the membrane compositions and temperatures investigated. The lipid membranes with fluid chains provide highly dynamic interfaces that can host and mediate long-range ordering into 2D hexagonal crystals. This is in clear contrast to the conditions when the membranes are composed of lipids with solid chains, where there is no crystalline arrangement, and most of the particles desorb from the membrane. Likewise, we show that in segregated membranes, the soft microgel colloids form closely packed 2D crystals on the fluid bilayer domains, while hardly any particles adhere to the more solid bilayer domains. These findings thus present an approach for selective and controlled colloidal assembly at lipid membranes, opening routes toward the development of tunable soft materials.

7.
Anesthesiology ; 130(2): 247-262, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30601214

RESUMO

WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: Some general anesthetics have been shown to have adverse effects on neuronal development that affect neural function and cognitive behavior.Clinically relevant concentrations of inhalational anesthetics inhibit the postsynaptic density (PSD)-95, discs large homolog, and zona occludens-1 (PDZ) domain-mediated protein-protein interaction between PSD-95 or PSD-93 and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors or neuronal NO synthase. WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: Neonatal PSD-95 PDZ2WT peptide treatment mimics the effects of isoflurane (~1 minimum alveolar concentration) by altering dendritic spine morphology, neural plasticity, and memory without inducing detectable increases in apoptosis or changes in synaptic density.These results indicate that a single dose of isoflurane (~1 minimum alveolar concentration) or PSD-95 PDZ2WT peptide alters dendritic spine architecture and functions important for cognition in the developing brain. This impairment can be prevented by administration of the NO donor molsidomine. BACKGROUND: In humans, multiple early exposures to procedures requiring anesthesia constitute a significant risk factor for development of learning disabilities and disorders of attention. In animal studies, newborns exposed to anesthetics develop long-term deficits in cognition. Previously, our laboratory showed that postsynaptic density (PSD)-95, discs large homolog, and zona occludens-1 (PDZ) domains may serve as a molecular target for inhaled anesthetics. This study investigated a role for PDZ interactions in spine development, plasticity, and memory as a potential mechanism for early anesthetic exposure-produced cognitive impairment. METHODS: Postnatal day 7 mice were exposed to 1.5% isoflurane for 4 h or injected with 8 mg/kg active PSD-95 PDZ2WT peptide. Apoptosis, hippocampal dendritic spine changes, synapse density, long-term potentiation, and cognition functions were evaluated (n = 4 to 18). RESULTS: Exposure of postnatal day 7 mice to isoflurane or PSD-95 PDZ2WT peptide causes a reduction in long thin spines (median, interquartile range [IQR]: wild type control [0.54, 0.52 to 0.86] vs. wild type isoflurane [0.31, 0.16 to 0.38], P = 0.034 and PDZ2MUT [0.86, 0.67 to 1.0] vs. PDZ2WT [0.55, 0.53 to 0.59], P = 0.028), impairment in long-term potentiation (median, IQR: wild type control [123, 119 to 147] and wild type isoflurane [101, 96 to 118], P = 0.049 and PDZ2MUT [125, 119 to 131] and PDZ2WT [104, 97 to 107], P = 0.029), and deficits in acute object recognition (median, IQR: wild type control [79, 72 to 88] vs. wild type isoflurane [63, 55 to 72], P = 0.044 and PDZ2MUT [81, 69 to 84] vs. PDZ2WT [67, 57 to 77], P = 0.039) at postnatal day 21 without inducing detectable differences in apoptosis or changes in synaptic density. Impairments in recognition memory and long-term potentiation were preventable by introduction of a NO donor. CONCLUSIONS: Early disruption of PDZ domain-mediated protein-protein interactions alters spine morphology, synaptic function, and memory. These results support a role for PDZ interactions in early anesthetic exposure-produced cognitive impairment. Prevention of recognition memory and long-term potentiation deficits with a NO donor supports a role for the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor/PSD-95/neuronal NO synthase pathway in mediating these aspects of isoflurane-induced cognitive impairment.


Assuntos
Isoflurano/efeitos adversos , Transtornos da Memória/induzido quimicamente , Transtornos da Memória/prevenção & controle , Molsidomina/farmacologia , Plasticidade Neuronal/efeitos dos fármacos , Doadores de Óxido Nítrico/farmacologia , Anestésicos Inalatórios/efeitos adversos , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Masculino , Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Mutantes
8.
Data Brief ; 19: 214-221, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29892635

RESUMO

This article includes the description of data information related to the research article entitled "The future of wind energy in California: Future projections with the Variable-Resolution CESM"[1], with reference number RENE_RENE-D-17-03392. Datasets from the Variable-Resolution CESM, Det Norske Veritas Germanischer Lloyd Virtual Met, MERRA-2, CFSR, NARR, ISD surface observations, and upper air sounding observations were used for calculating and comparing hub-height wind speed at multiple major wind farms across California. Information on hub-height wind speed interpolation and power curves at each wind farm sites are also presented. All datasets, except Det Norske Veritas Germanischer Lloyd Virtual Met, are publicly available for future analysis.

9.
Gene ; 668: 196-203, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29787826

RESUMO

Scavenger Receptor B1 (SR-B1) is an 82 kDa integral membrane glycoprotein that mediates selective uptake of high-density lipoprotein cholesteryl ester (CE) in vitro and in vivo. Previously, we defined several kinds of regulatory mechanisms of SR-B1 expression and function. Here, we have dissected the function of a novel miR-24 on SR-B1 expression, HDL uptake and lipid metabolism. We showed that miR-24 was upregulated in HepG2 cells cultured in the mimicked hyperlipidemic condition and in the livers of dietary induced and genetic obesity mice. Overexpression of miR-24 inhibited SR-B1 expression by directly targeting SR-B1 3' UTR and repressed HDL uptake and steroidogenesis in steroidogenic cells. HepG2 cells with miR-24 showed attenuation of TG levels and lipid accumulation. Moreover, we validated that overexpression of miR-24 downregulated the expression of certain genes involved in lipogenesis, FASN, ACLY and SCD1, and increased the expression of genes of cholesterol synthesis, HMGCR, DHCR24 and SREBP2. Taken together, we demonstrated that obesity induced miR-24 repressed HDL uptake, steroid hormone synthesis and lipid metabolism by targeting SR-B1.


Assuntos
Colesterol/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/metabolismo , Receptores Depuradores Classe B/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Lipoproteínas HDL/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Receptores Depuradores Classe B/metabolismo , Esteroides/biossíntese , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo
10.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 18(1): 59, 2018 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29444668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gigantol is a bibenzyl compound derived from several medicinal orchids. This biologically active compound has been shown to have promising therapeutic potential against cancer cells, but its mechanism of action remains unclear. METHODS: The inhibitory effect of gigantol on Wnt/ß-catenin signaling was evaluated with the SuperTOPFlash reporter system. The levels of phosphorylated low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein 6 (LRP6), total LRP6 and cytosolic ß-catenin were determined by Western blot analysis. The expression of Wnt target genes was analyzed using real-time PCR. Cell viability was measured with a MTT assay. The effect of gigantol on cell migration was examined using scratch wound-healing and transwell migration assays. RESULTS: Gigantol decreased the level of phosphorylated LRP6 and cytosolic ß-catenin in HEK293 cells. In breast cancer MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 cells, treatment with gigantol reduced the level of phosphorylated LRP6, total LRP6 and cytosolic ß-catenin in a dose-dependent manner, resulting in a decrease in the expression of Wnt target genes Axin2 and Survivin. We further demonstrated that gigantol suppressed the viability and migratory capacity of breast cancer cells. CONCLUSION: Gigantol is a novel inhibitor of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. It inhibits Wnt/ß-catenin signaling through downregulation of phosphorylated LRP6 and cytosolic ß-catenin in breast cancer cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Bibenzilas/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Guaiacol/análogos & derivados , Orchidaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/fisiopatologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Guaiacol/farmacologia , Humanos , Proteína-6 Relacionada a Receptor de Lipoproteína de Baixa Densidade/genética , Proteína-6 Relacionada a Receptor de Lipoproteína de Baixa Densidade/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
11.
PLoS One ; 13(1): e0189034, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29329302

RESUMO

Bretschneidera sinensis, a class-I protected wild plant in China, is a relic of the ancient Tertiary tropical flora endemic to Asia. However, little is known about its genetics and phylogeography. To elucidate the current phylogeographic patterns and infer the historical population dynamics of B. sinensis, and to make recommendations for its conservation, three non-coding regions of chloroplast DNA (trnQ-rps16, rps8-rps11, and trnT-trnL) were amplified and sequenced across 256 individuals from 23 populations of B. sinensis, spanning 10 provinces of China. We recognized 13 haplotypes, demonstrating relatively high total haplotype diversity (hT = 0.739). Almost all of the variation existed among populations (98.09%, P < 0.001), but that within populations was low (1.91%, P < 0.001). Strong genetic differentiation was detected among populations (GST = 0.855, P < 0.001) with limited estimations of seed flow (Nm = 0.09), indicating that populations were strongly isolated from one another. According to SAMOVA analysis, populations of B. sinensis in China could be divided into five geographic groups: (1) eastern Yunnan to western Guangxi; (2) Guizhou-Hunan-Hubei; (3) central Guangdong; (4) northwestern Guangdong; and (5) the Luoxiao-Nanling-Wuyi -Yangming Mountain. Network analysis showed that the most ancestral haplotypes were located in the first group, i.e., the eastern Yungui Plateau and in eastern Yunnan, which is regarded as a putative glacial refugia for B. sinensis in China. B. sinensis may have expanded its range eastward from these refugia and experienced bottleneck or founder effects in southeastern China. Populations in Liping (Guizhou Province), Longsheng (Guangxi Province), Huizhou (Guangdong Province), Chongyi (Jiangxi Province), Dong-an (Hunan Province), Pingbian (Yunnan Province) and Xinning (Hunan Province) are proposed as the priority protection units.


Assuntos
Brassicaceae/classificação , Brassicaceae/genética , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Genes de Plantas , Filogeografia , China , DNA de Cloroplastos/genética , Variação Genética , Haplótipos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
12.
Nature ; 549(7672): 379-383, 2017 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28902843

RESUMO

Constituting approximately 10% of flowering plant species, orchids (Orchidaceae) display unique flower morphologies, possess an extraordinary diversity in lifestyle, and have successfully colonized almost every habitat on Earth. Here we report the draft genome sequence of Apostasia shenzhenica, a representative of one of two genera that form a sister lineage to the rest of the Orchidaceae, providing a reference for inferring the genome content and structure of the most recent common ancestor of all extant orchids and improving our understanding of their origins and evolution. In addition, we present transcriptome data for representatives of Vanilloideae, Cypripedioideae and Orchidoideae, and novel third-generation genome data for two species of Epidendroideae, covering all five orchid subfamilies. A. shenzhenica shows clear evidence of a whole-genome duplication, which is shared by all orchids and occurred shortly before their divergence. Comparisons between A. shenzhenica and other orchids and angiosperms also permitted the reconstruction of an ancestral orchid gene toolkit. We identify new gene families, gene family expansions and contractions, and changes within MADS-box gene classes, which control a diverse suite of developmental processes, during orchid evolution. This study sheds new light on the genetic mechanisms underpinning key orchid innovations, including the development of the labellum and gynostemium, pollinia, and seeds without endosperm, as well as the evolution of epiphytism; reveals relationships between the Orchidaceae subfamilies; and helps clarify the evolutionary history of orchids within the angiosperms.


Assuntos
Evolução Molecular , Genoma de Planta/genética , Orchidaceae/genética , Filogenia , Genes de Plantas/genética , Orchidaceae/anatomia & histologia , Orchidaceae/classificação , Transcriptoma
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(11): 2058-2067, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28822148

RESUMO

In this study, DNA barcoding was used to validate the traditional morphological classification of medicinal plants of Orchidaceae. The 163 samples of 135 species belong to 49 genera which have been confirmed by morphological identification were collected. Candidate sequences, including matK, psbA-trnH and ITS2 sequences, were amplified, bidirectionally sequenced, and assembled. All the sequences were blasted to GenBank database at NCBI, then analyzed using Neighbor-joining tree method by MEGA 7.0. The results showed that the DNAs of 163 samples were successfully extracted. The amplification efficiency of matK, psbA-trnH and ITS2 sequences were 100%, 100% and 98.77%, respectively. The 487 sequences were obtained, 345 sequences of which have matched corresponding sequences in the GenBank database and 142 sequences were new sequences. The topology of NJ tree which were constructed with the matK sequences was better than the trees of psbA-trnH and ITS2 sequences. In conclusion, the matK, psbA-trnH and ITS2 sequences were complementary and suitable for identification of medicinal plants of Orchidaceae. DNA barcoding can be used as an auxiliary means for identification of medicinal plants of Orchidaceae.


Assuntos
Código de Barras de DNA Taxonômico , Orchidaceae/classificação , Plantas Medicinais/classificação , DNA de Plantas/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Espécies em Perigo de Extinção , Genes de Plantas
14.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 490(4): 1168-1175, 2017 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28669731

RESUMO

Scavenger receptor class B type 1 (SR-B1), an HDL receptor plays a crucial role in cholesterol metabolism in the liver, steroidogenic tissues, and vascular cells including macrophages. SR-B1 is subject to regulation at the transcription, posttranscription and posttranslational levels. We previously provided evidence that PDZ domain containing NHERF1 and NHERF2 regulate SR-B1 protein levels post-transcriptionally, although the underlying mechanism(s) by which NHERF1 and NHERF2 regulate SR-B1 protein levels is not well understood. In this study, we demonstrate that SR-B1 is degraded intracellularly via ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and that SR-B1 can be ubiquitinated at K500 and K508 residues. Overexpression of NHERF1 or NHERF2 enhanced SR-B1 ubiquitination and degradation. NHERF1 and NHERF2 promote SR-B1 ubiquitination at sites K508 and K500, respectively. These results suggest that NHERF1 and NHERF2 down-regulated SR-B1 at least in part via the ubiquitin/proteasome pathway.


Assuntos
Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Receptores Depuradores Classe B/metabolismo , Trocadores de Sódio-Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Animais , Células CHO , Células Cultivadas , Cricetulus , Estabilidade Proteica , Ratos , Ubiquitinação
15.
Langmuir ; 33(29): 7271-7280, 2017 07 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28658953

RESUMO

A star-shaped oligomeric-like surfactant with variable oligomeric degrees has been formed with a four-arm carboxylate salt (4EOCOONa) and cationic single chain surfactant dodecyl trimethylammonium bromide (DTAB). The aggregation of the 4EOCOONa/(DTAB)n complexes has been investigated by surface tension, electrical conductivity, isothermal titration microcalorimetry, ζ potential, dynamic light scattering, 1H NMR spectroscopy, and steady-state fluorescence measurements. The calorimetric result shows that 4EOCOONa interacts strongly with DTAB and each 4EOCOONa molecule binds with six DTAB molecules, wherein four DTAB molecules electrostatically bind to one 4EOCOONa molecule and additional two DTAB molecules further bind to the 4EOCOONa/(DTAB)n complex by hydrophobic interaction. The critical micelle concentration (CMC) of the 4EOCOONa/(DTAB)n complexes is remarkably lower than the CMC of DTAB, similar to synthesized star-shaped oligomeric surfactants. The micelle properties of the DTAB/4EOCOONa mixtures depend on the component changes of the 4EOCOONa/(DTAB)n complexes. By increasing the DTAB/4EOCOONa molar ratio and/or concentration, the DTAB/4EOCOONa mixtures gradually form the complexes of 4EOCOO(DTA)13-, 4EOCOO(DTA)22-, 4EOCOO(DTA)3-, 4EOCOO(DTA)4, and 4EOCOO(DTA)62+, and the corresponding aggregates are small anionic micelles with loose molecular packing, and nearly nonionic or positively charged small micelles with more compact packing. Moreover, the positive charge of the small micelles increases with the increase of the concentration and the DTAB/4EOCOONa molar ratio. Therefore, constructing oligomeric-like surfactants by adding appropriate organic salts into conventional surfactants is a convenient method to achieve desired properties of surfactant aggregates.

16.
Interface Focus ; 7(4): 20160150, 2017 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28630677

RESUMO

Biological membranes do not only occur as planar bilayer structures, but depending on the lipid composition, can also curve into intriguing three-dimensional structures. In order to fully understand the biological implications as well as to reveal the full potential for applications, e.g. for drug delivery and other biomedical devices, of such structures, well-defined model systems are required. Here, we discuss the formation of lipid non-lamellar liquid crystalline (LC) surface layers spin-coated from the constituting lipids followed by hydration of the lipid layer. We demonstrate that hybrid lipid polymer films can be formed with different properties compared with the neat lipid LC layers. The nanostructure and morphologies of the lipid films formed reflect those in the bulk. Most notably, mixed lipid layers, which are composed of glycerol monooleate and diglycerol monooleate with poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) nanogels, can form films of reverse cubic phases that are capable of responding to temperature stimulus. Owing to the presence of the nanogel particles, changing the temperature not only regulates the hydration of the cubic phase lipid films, but also the lateral organization of the lipid domains within the lipid self-assembled film. This opens up the possibility for new nanostructured materials based on lipid-polymer responsive layers.

17.
Luminescence ; 32(6): 1092-1099, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28417589

RESUMO

In this paper, an innovative and facile one-pot method for synthesizing water-soluble and stable fluorescent Cu nanoclusters (CuNCs), in which glutathione (GSH) served as protecting ligand and ascorbic acid (AA) as reducing agent was reported. The resultant CuNCs emitted blue-green fluorescence at 440 nm, with a quantum yield (QD) of about 3.08%. In addition, the prepared CuNCs exhibited excellent properties such as good water solubility, photostability and high stability toward high ionic strength. On the basis of the selective quenching of Hg2+ on CuNCs fluorescence, which may be the result of Hg2+ ion-induced aggregation of the CuNCs, the CuNCs was used for the selective and sensitive determination of Hg2+ in aqueous solution. The proposed analytical strategy permitted detection of Hg2+ in a linear range of 4 × 10-8 to 6 × 10-5  M, with a detection limit of 2.2 × 10-8  M. Eventually, the practicability of this sensing approach was confirmed by its successful application to assay Hg2+ in tap water, Lotus lake water and river water samples with the quantitative spike recoveries ranging from 96.9% to 105.4%.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Glutationa/química , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Mercúrio/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Ácido Ascórbico/química , Fluorescência , Lagos/química , Pontos Quânticos/química , Rios/química , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 15(1): 19, 2017 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28302174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Steroidogenesis is a complex, multi-steps biological process in which, cholesterol precursor is converted to steroids in a tissue specific and tropic hormone dependent manner. Given that steroidogenesis is achieved by coordinated functioning of multiple tissue specific enzymes, many steroids intermediates/metabolites are generated during this process. Both the steroid products as well as major lipoprotein cholesterol donor, high-density lipoprotein 3 (hHDL3) have the potential to negatively regulate steroidogenesis via increased oxidative stress/reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. METHODS: In the current study, we examined the effects of treatment of a mouse model of steroidogenesis, Y1-BS1 adrenocortical tumor cells with pregnenolone, 22(R)-Hydroxycholesterol [22(R)-diol] or hHDL3 on ROS production, phosphorylation status of p38 MAPK and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB), CREB transcriptional activity and mRNA expression of StAR, CPY11A1/P450scc and antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutases [Cu,ZnSOD (SOD1), MnSOD (SOD2)], catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1). We also detected the steroid product in p38 MAPK inhibitor treated Y1 cells by HPLC-MS / MS. RESULTS: Treatment of Y1 cells with H2O2 greatly enhanced the phosphorylation of both p38 MAPK and CREB protein. Likewise, treatment of cells with pregnenolone, 22(R) diol or hHDL3 increased ROS production measured with the oxidation-sensitive fluorescent probe 2',7'-Dichlorofluorescin diacetate (DCFH-DA). Under identical experimental conditions, treatment of cells with these agents also increased the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and CREB. This increased CREB phosphorylation however, was associated with its decreased transcriptional activity. The stimulatory effects of pregnenolone, 22(R)-diol and hHDL3 on CREB phosphorylation was abolished by a specific p38 MAPK inhibitor, SB203580. Pregnenolone, and 22(R) diol but not hHDL3 upregulated the mRNA expression of SOD1, SOD2 and GPX1, while down-regulated the mRNA levels of StAR and CYP11A1. The p38 inhibitor SB203580 could increase the steroid production in HDL3, 22(R)-diol or pregnenolone treated cells. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate induction of a ROS/p38 MAPK -mediated feedback inhibitory pathway by oxy-cholesterol and steroid intermediates and products attenuates steroidogenesis via inhibition of CREB transcriptional activity.


Assuntos
Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Esteroides/biossíntese , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/genética , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/patologia , Animais , Western Blotting , Catalase/genética , Catalase/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Enzima de Clivagem da Cadeia Lateral do Colesterol/genética , Enzima de Clivagem da Cadeia Lateral do Colesterol/metabolismo , Retroalimentação Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa Peroxidase/genética , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Hidroxicolesteróis/farmacologia , Camundongos , Oxidantes/farmacologia , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Pregnenolona/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
19.
Adv Funct Mater ; 26(2): 267-276, 2016 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27441036

RESUMO

The rapid development of fluorescence imaging technologies requires concurrent improvements in the performance of fluorescent probes. Quantum dots have been extensively used as an imaging probe in various research areas because of their inherent advantages based on unique optical and electronic properties. However, their clinical translation has been limited by the potential toxicity especially from cadmium. Here, a versatile bioimaging probe is developed by using highly luminescent cadmium-free CuInSe2/ZnS core/shell quantum dots conjugated with CGKRK (Cys-Gly-Lys-Arg-Lys) tumor-targeting peptides. This probe exhibits excellent photostability, reasonably long circulation time, minimal toxicity, and strong tumor-specific homing property. The most important feature of this probe is that it shows distinctive versatility in tumor-targeted multimodal imaging including near-infrared, time-gated, and two-photon imaging in different tumor models. In a glioblastoma mouse model, the targeted probe clearly denotes tumor boundaries and positively labels a population of diffusely infiltrating tumor cells, suggesting its utility in precise tumor detection during surgery. This work lays a foundation for potential clinical translation of the probe.

20.
Chem Asian J ; 11(19): 2763-2772, 2016 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27224261

RESUMO

A hexameric cationic ammonium surfactant (PAHB), in which six amphiphilic moieties were connected by a star-shaped spacer group, adopted star-shaped, claw-like, and pyramid-like molecular configurations in aqueous solution, depending on the concentration. Herein, we studied the effect of adding sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) on the configuration and aggregation behavior of PAHB. Taking these three configurations of PAHB as initial states, the addition of SDS caused transitions of the star-shaped and claw-like configurations into a pyramid-like configuration, whilst the pyramid-like configuration remained unchanged. Moreover, the SDS/PAHB aggregates experienced transition from small spheres to large spherical fingerprint-like aggregates, no matter the initial state of PAHB. Molecular packing in the aggregates was also studied. These results have improved our understanding about the cooperative interactions between star-shaped oligomeric surfactants and monomeric surfactants, which should guide future applications of this unique type of surfactant.

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