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1.
Ann Lab Med ; 41(1): 68-76, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Using commutable external quality assessment (EQA) materials is important for monitoring successful harmonization efforts. We assessed the commutability of four human serum pool (HSP) preparations to identify candidate EQA materials for alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity measurement. METHODS: One set each of 85 clinical samples (CSs) was collected for ALT and AST activity measurement. The 15 candidate EQA materials included four types of HSP preparations (A to D): materials A, C, and D contained human original recombinant (HOR) aminotransferases; materials B was mixed leftover samples. The CSs and 15 candidate EQA materials were analyzed using seven routine assays, and the ln-transformed results were analyzed in 21 assay pairs. Commutability was assessed using Deming regression, with a 95% prediction interval (CLSI approach) and the difference in bias with an error component model (International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine [IFCC] approach). RESULTS: For ALT, all materials were commutable for 14-21 assay pairs according to the CLSI and IFCC approaches. For AST, B01-03 showed commutability for 14-21 assay pairs, and C01-03 and D01-03 showed commutability for no less than 10 assay pairs according to the two approaches. A01-06 were commutable for 9-16 assay pairs according to the CLSI approach, but for 6-9 assay pairs according to the IFCC approach. CONCLUSIONS: Mixed leftover samples showed desirable commutability characteristics as candidate EQA materials for routine aminotransferase activity measurements. Human serum bases supplemented with HOR were commutable for most routine ALT activity measurements.

2.
Food Chem ; 337: 127678, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791429

RESUMO

The sequence and structure of antioxidant peptides play fundamental roles in their antioxidant functions. However, the structural mechanism of antioxidant peptides is still unclear. In this study, we used quantum calculations to reveal the antioxidant mechanism of the peptide PMRGGGGYHY. PMRGGGGYHY has multiple antioxidant active sites, and two tyrosine residues were determined to be the major active sites. Based on the structure-activity relationships of PMRGGGGYHY, the antioxidant activity of the modified peptide significantly improved by 4.8-fold to 9.73 ± 0.61 µmol TE/µmol. In addition, the removal of glycine residues from PMRGGGGYHY would increase the energy of the HOMOs and simplify the hydrogen bonding network, causing a significant increase in antioxidant activity. The intracellular ROS scavenging ability gradually decreased with decreasing glycine content. This same peptide has very different effects in vitro versus as a cellular antioxidant. This paper provides new insights into the structural mechanism and rational design/modification of novel antioxidant peptides.

3.
Plant Genome ; 13(2): e20018, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016611

RESUMO

Callus induction is a dedifferentiation process that accompanies a cell fate transition, and epigenetic regulation plays a crucial role in the process. N6 -methyladenosine (m6A) methylation is an important mechanism in post-transcriptional epigenetic regulation and functions in cell reprogramming. However, the function of m6A methylation during callus induction is still unknown. Here, we performed transcriptome-wide m6A-seq on immature maize embryos after culturing for 2, 4, or 8 days with or without the auxin analogue 2,4-D. A total of 26,794 unique m6A peaks were detected from 17,456 maize genes; and 2,338 specific, 2,4-D-induced m6A peaks (D-specific m6A) were detected only in embryos cultured with 2,4-D. Furthermore, a positive correlation between m6A methylation and mRNA abundance was discovered in the genes with D-specific m6A deposition, especially at the beginning of callus induction. Key genes involved in callus induction, i.e. BABY BOOM and LBD transcription factors, underwent m6A methylation, increasing their transcript levels, thus improving callus induction. These results revealed the importance of m6A methylation during the early stage of callus induction and provided new insights into the molecular mechanism of callus induction at an epitranscriptomic level.

4.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16705, 2020 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028907

RESUMO

The Yunnan province has one of the most serious outbreaks of the plague epidemic in China. Small mammals and fleas are risk factors for the occurrence of plague in commensal plague foci. Understanding the relationship between fleas and small mammals will help control fleas and prevent the onset of the plague. Four hundred and twenty-one small mammals, belonging to 9 species, were captured. Of these, 170 small mammals (40.4%) were found infested with fleas. A total of 992 parasitic fleas (including 5 species) were collected. The number of Leptopsylla segnis and Xenopsylla cheopis accounted for 91.03% (903/992). The final multiple hurdle negative binomial regression model showed that when compared with Rattus tanezumi, the probability of flea infestation with Mus musculus as well as other host species decreased by 58% and 99%, respectively, while the number of flea infestations of the other host species increased by 4.71 folds. The probability of flea prevalence in adult hosts increased by 74%, while the number of fleas decreased by 76%. The number of flea infestations in small male mammals increased by 62%. The number of fleas in small mammals weighing more than 59 g has been multiplied by about 4. R. tanezumi is the predominant species in households in the west Yunnan province, while L.segnis and X. cheopis were dominant parasitic fleas. There is a strong relationship between the abundance of fleas and the characteristics of small mammals (e.g. Species, age, sex, and body weight).

5.
ISME J ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037324

RESUMO

Microbes spontaneously release membrane vesicles (MVs), which play roles in nutrient acquisition and microbial interactions. Iron is indispensable for microbes, but is a difficult nutrient to acquire. However, whether MVs are also responsible for efficient iron uptake and therefore involved in microbial interaction remains to be elucidated. Here, we used a Gram-positive strain, Dietzia sp. DQ12-45-1b, to analyze the function of its MVs in heme-iron recycling and sharing between species. We determined the structure and constituent of MVs and showed that DQ12-45-1b releases MVs originating from the mycomembrane. When comparing proteomes of MVs between iron-limiting and iron-rich conditions, we found that under iron-limiting conditions, heme-binding proteins are enriched. Next, we proved that MVs participate in extracellular heme capture and transport, especially in heme recycling from environmental hemoproteins. Finally, we found that the heme carried in MVs is utilized by multiple species, and we further verified that membrane fusion efficiency and species evolutionary distance determine heme delivery. Together, our findings strongly suggest that MVs act as a newly identified pathway for heme recycling, and represent a public good shared between phylogenetically closely related species.

6.
Oncogene ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037411

RESUMO

The development of resistance to EGFR Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in NSCLC with activating EGFR mutations is a critical limitation of this therapy. In addition to genetic alterations such as EGFR secondary mutation causing EGFR-TKI resistance, compensatory activation of signaling pathways without interruption of genome integrity remains to be defined. In this study, we identified S6K1/MDM2 signaling axis as a novel bypass mechanism for the development of EGFR-TKI resistance. The observation of S6K1 as a candidate mechanism for resistance to EGFR TKI therapy was investigated by interrogation of public databases and a clinical cohort to establish S6K1 expression as a prognostic/predictive biomarker. The role of S6K1 in TKI resistance was determined in in vitro gain-and-loss of function studies and confirmed in subcutaneous and orthotopic mouse lung cancer models. Blockade of S6K1 by a specific inhibitor PF-4708671 synergistically enhanced the efficacy of TKI without showing toxicity. The mechanistic study showed the inhibition of EGFR caused nuclear translocation of S6K1 for binding with MDM2 in resistant cells. MDM2 is a downstream effector of S6K1-mediated TKI resistance. Taken together, we present evidence for the reversal of resistance to EGFR TKI by the addition of small molecule S6K1/MDM2 antagonists that could have clinical benefit.

7.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045734

RESUMO

In this report, we investigated the molecular mechanism underlying a deafness-associated m.7516delA mutation affecting the 5' end processing sites of mitochondrial tRNAAsp and tRNASer(UCN). An in vitro processing experiment demonstrated that m.7516delA mutation caused the aberrant 5' end processing of tRNASer(UCN) and tRNAAsp precursors, catalyzed by RNase P. Using cytoplasmic hybrids (cybrids) derived from one hearing-impaired Chinese family bearing the m.7516delA mutation and control, we demonstrated the asymmetrical effects of m.7516delA mutation on the processing of tRNAs in the heavy (H)-strand and light (L)-strand polycistronic transcripts. Specially, the m.7516delA mutation caused the decreased levels of tRNASer(UCN) and downstream five tRNAs, including tRNATyr from the L-strand transcripts and tRNAAsp from the H-strand transcripts. Strikingly, mutant cybrids exhibited the lower level of COX2 mRNA and accumulation of longer and uncleaved precursors of COX2 from the H-strand transcripts. Aberrant RNA metabolisms yielded variable reductions in the mitochondrial proteins, especially marked reductions in the levels of ND4, ND5, CO1, CO2 and CO3. The impairment of mitochondrial translation caused the proteostasis stress and respiratory deficiency, diminished ATP production and membrane potential, increased production of reactive oxygen species and promoted apoptosis. Our findings provide new insights into the pathophysiology of deafness arising from mitochondrial tRNA processing defects.

8.
Hum Genet ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048237

RESUMO

We aimed to detect the causative gene in five unrelated families with recessive inheritance pattern neurological disorders involving the central nervous system, and the potential function of the NEMF gene in the central nervous system. Exome sequencing (ES) was applied to all families and linkage analysis was performed on family 1. A minigene assay was used to validate the splicing effect of the relevant discovered variants. Immunofluorescence (IF) experiment was performed to investigate the role of the causative gene in neuron development. The large consanguineous family confirms the phenotype-causative relationship with homozygous frameshift variant (NM_004713.6:c.2618del) as revealed by ES. Linkage analysis of the family showed a significant single-point LOD of 4.5 locus. Through collaboration in GeneMatcher, four additional unrelated families' likely pathogenic NEMF variants for a spectrum of central neurological disorders, two homozygous splice-site variants (NM_004713.6:c.574+1G>T and NM_004713.6:c.807-2A>C) and a homozygous frameshift variant (NM_004713.6: c.1234_1235insC) were subsequently identified and segregated with all affected individuals. We further revealed that knockdown (KD) of Nemf leads to impairment of axonal outgrowth and synapse development in cultured mouse primary cortical neurons. Our study demonstrates that disease-causing biallelic NEMF variants result in central nervous system impairment and other variable features. NEMF is an important player in mammalian neuron development.

9.
Environ Microbiol ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048442

RESUMO

Membrane vesicles (MVs) released from bacteria act as extracellular vehicles carrying various functional cargoes between cells. MVs with different cargoes play multiple roles in stress adaptation, nutrient acquisition, and microbial interactions. However, previous studies have primarily focused on MVs from Gram-negative bacteria, while the characteristics of cargoes in MVs from Gram-positive bacteria and their involvement in microbial interactions remains to be elucidated. Here, we used a Gram-positive strain, Dietzia sp. DQ12-45-1b from Corynebacteriales, to analyze the characteristics and functions of MVs. We identified the "antioxidant" canthaxanthin is stored within MVs by LC-MS/MS. In addition, nearly the entire genomic content of strain DQ12-45-1b are evenly distributed in MVs, suggesting that MVs from DQ12-45-1b might involve in horizontal gene transfer. Finally, the mycobactin type siderophores were detected in MVs. The iron loaded MVs effectively mediate iron binding and delivery to homologous bacteria from the order Corynebacteriales, but not to more distantly related species from the orders Pseudomonadales, Bacillales, and Enterobacterales. These results revealed that the iron loaded MVs are shared between homologous species. Together, we report the Gram-positive bacterium Dietzia sp. DQ12-45-1b released MVs that contain canthaxanthin, DNA and siderophores, and prove that MVs act as public goods between closely related species. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 293-297, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043347

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy and safety of ornidazole combined with periodontal tissue regeneration in the treatment of periodontitis. METHODS: From March 2018 to March 2019, 100 patients with periodontitis who received treatment in the Stomatological Hospital Affiliated to the School of Medicine of Nanjing University were selected and randomly divided into the regeneration group and combined treatment group with 50 patients in each group. Patients in the regeneration group received periodontal tissue regeneration treatment, while patients in the combined treatment group received ornidazole combined periodontal tissue regeneration treatment. Related periodontal indexes including periodontal probing depth(PPD), periodontal attachment level(PAL), tooth mobility degree(MD) were measured, serum malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (gsh-px) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) and interleukin 4 (IL-4), c-reactive protein(CRP) level and immune globulin level were detected before and after treatment, the therapeutic effects and complications were recorded and compared. SPSS 21.0 software package was used for statistical analysis of the data. RESULTS: After treatment, PPD, PAL and MD levels in the combined treatment groups were significantly lower than those in the regenerative group (P<0.05). Serum MDA level in the combined treatment group was significantly lower than that in the regenerative group, SOD and gsh-px levels were significantly higher than that in the regenerative group(P<0.05). The serum levels of IgA, IgM, IgG, IgE, IL-10, IL-4 and CRP in the combined treatment group were significantly lower than those in the regenerative treatment group (P<0.05). The total effective rate of the combined treatment group was significantly higher than that of the regenerative treatment group, and the incidence of complications was significantly lower than that of the regenerative group(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Ornidazole combined with periodontal tissue regeneration can improve the level of periodontal index, alleviate oxidative stress injury, improve immune function, inhibit inflammation, and has a significant therapeutic effect with high safety.


Assuntos
Metronidazol , Periodontite , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Metronidazol/efeitos adversos , Índice Periodontal , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Periodonto
11.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(9): 1115-1119, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051427

RESUMO

Roof plate specific spondins (Rspos) are important activators of the Wnt signaling pathway discovered recently. Rspos include four secreted proteins: Rspo1, Rspo2, Rspo3, and Rspo4.They are mainly involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation via regulating the canonical Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.The physiological functions of Rspos include regulating sex selection, limb development, organ formation and development. Rspos are involved in the pathogenesis of some malignant tumors, and the roles of Rspos vary in different types of tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Trombospondinas , Proliferação de Células , Sistema Digestório , Humanos , Via de Sinalização Wnt
12.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068388

RESUMO

Many articles have reported that Rab1A was overexpressed in a variety of human cancers and involved in tumor progression and metastasis. However, the biological function and molecular mechanism of Rab1A in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remained unknown until now. Here we found that Rab1A overexpression is a common event and was positively associated with distant metastasis and poor prognosis of NPC patients. Functionally, Rab1A depletion inhibited the migration and EMT phenotype of NPC cells, whereas Rab1A overexpression led to the opposite effect. Furthermore, we reveal an important role for Rab1A protein in the induction of radioresistance via regulating homologous recombination (HR) signaling pathway. Mechanistically, Rab1A activated Wnt/ß-catenin signaling by inhibiting the activity of GSK-3ß via phosphorylation at Ser9. Then Wnt/ß-catenin signaling induced NPC cells radioresistance and metastasis through nuclear translocation of ß-catenin and transcription upregulation of HR pathway-related and EMT-related genes expression. In general, this study shows that Rab1A may serve as a potential biomarker for predicting prognosis in NPC patients. Targeting Rab1A and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling may hold promise to overcome NPC radioresistance.

13.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065551

RESUMO

The ongoing outbreak of COVID-19 has been announced by the World Health Organization as a worldwide public health emergency. The aim of this study was to distinguish between severe and non-severe patients in early diagnosis. The results showed that the mortality of COVID-19 patients increased accompanied by age. Host factors CRP, IL-1ß, hs-CRP, IL-8, and IL-6 levels in severe pneumonia patients were higher than in non-severe patients. CD3, CD8, and CD45 counts were decreased in COVID-19 patients. The results of this study suggest that the K-values of CD45 might be useful in distinguishing between severe and non-severe cases. The cut-off value for CD45 was -94.33. The K-values for CD45 in non-severe case were above the cut-off values, indicating a 100% prediction success rate for severe and non-severe cases following SARS-CoV-2 infection. The results confirmed that immune system dysfunction is a potential cause of mortality following COVID-19 infection, particularly for the elderly. CD45 deficiency dysfunction the naïve and memory T lymphocytes which may affects the long-term effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines. K-values of CD45 might be useful in distinguishing between severe and non-severe cases in the early infection. May be CD45 could increase the diagnostic sensitivity.

14.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 967, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malignant tumours of the temporomandibular joint (MTTMJ) are extremely rare. Studies describing its unique epidemiology, clinicopathological features, treatment and prognosis comprehensively are limited. To address these issues, current investigation was performed. METHODS: A retrospective research was carried out by using population-based data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (1973-2016). RESULTS: Data for a total of 734 patients, including 376 men and 358 women, was found. The median age was 47 years. The 5-year and 10-year disease specific survival (DSS) rates were 69.2 and 63.6%, respectively. Significant differences in DSS were found according to age, race, tumour type, AJCC/TNM stage, surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and different treatment modalities (P < 0.05). In the multivariate survival analysis, age > 44 years and AJCC stage III and IV were associated with poor DSS. CONCLUSION: MTTMJ was mostly found in white people with a median age of 47 years without any sex predominance. Patient's age and AJCC stage was independent predictor of DSS.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22616, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019482

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSDs) are inflammatory demyelinating disorders of the central nervous system; they are characterized by severe optic neuritis and transverse myelitis. Intravenous methylprednisolone pulse (IVMP) therapy is an effective treatment that is administered to patients in the acute phase of NMOSD; this therapy has achieved remarkable results in clinical practice. However, there are no reports on NMOSD patients who have experienced an acute bilateral cerebral infarction while undergoing IVMP treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report on a 62-yr-old woman who was undergoing IVMP therapy for the primary diagnosis of NMOSD. Unexpectedly, the patient's existing limb weakness worsened, and she developed motor aphasia on the second day of IVMP treatment. Additionally, brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed acute bilateral cerebral infarction. DIAGNOSIS: The patient's clinical manifestations, medical imaging results, and laboratory test results were taken into consideration; the final diagnosis was acute bilateral cerebral infarction in the presence of NMOSD. INTERVENTIONS: Subsequent to the onset of acute cerebral infarction, the patient was immediately treated with oral aspirin, atorvastatin, and intravenous butylphthalide. The hormone dose was adjusted to an oral 60-mg/d dose for maintenance; this was followed by immunoadsorption plasmapheresis for 3 days, and double-filtration plasmapheresis for 2 days. OUTCOMES: Following treatment onset, the patient's ocular symptoms significantly improved, and her limb muscle strength gradually recovered. Two months after discharge, the patient's husband reported that she was able to walk with the help of others and take care of herself, and that there was no recurrence. LESSONS: Medical professionals must be aware of the possibility of NMOSD patients with cerebrovascular risk factors suffering an acute cerebral infarction while undergoing high-dose IVMP therapy, as this therapy can exacerbate existing problems.


Assuntos
Infarto Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto Cerebral/etiologia , Neuromielite Óptica/complicações , Neuromielite Óptica/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Aguda , Administração Intravenosa , Administração Oral , Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Afasia de Broca/induzido quimicamente , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Atorvastatina/uso terapêutico , Benzofuranos/administração & dosagem , Benzofuranos/uso terapêutico , Infarto Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Metilprednisolona/administração & dosagem , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Plasmaferese/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 724, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) causes acute, highly contagious, immunosuppressive, and lethal infectious disease in young chickens and mainly infects the bursa of Fabricius (BF). To investigate interactions between IBDV and its host, RNA sequencing was applied to analyze the responses of the differentially expressed transcriptional profiles of BF infected by very virulent IBDV (vvIBDV). RESULTS: In total, 317 upregulated and 94 downregulated mRNAs were found to be significantly differentially expressed in infected chickens, compared to controls. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and circular RNA (circRNA) alterations were identified in IBDV-infected chickens, and significantly different expression was observed in 272 lncRNAs and 143 circRNAs. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analyses were performed to assess the functions of significantly dysregulated genes, which showed that the JAK-STAT signaling pathway, the NOD-like receptor signaling pathway, and apoptosis may be activated by IBDV infection. We predicted interactions between differentially expressed genes and produced lncRNA-mRNA and circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulator network. CONCLUSIONS: The present study identified the expression profiles of mRNAs, lncRNAs, and circRNAs during vvIBDV infection and provides new insights into the pathogenesis of IBDV and antiviral immunity of the host.

17.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23623, 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thromboelastography (TEG) provides global assessment of hemostatic function and has been recommended to monitor potential coagulopathies during pregnancy in which hypercoagulable state is favored. In present study, we established the reference intervals (RIs) of the TEG parameters (R, K, MA, and α-angle) with Chinese pregnant women of third trimester. In addition, we examined the diagnostic efficacies of the TEG parameters in the patients diagnosed of gestational hypertension (GH), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), or preeclampsia (PE). METHODS: With specified including and excluding criteria, non-pregnant controls, healthy pregnant women, and pregnant women with GH, GDM, or PE had their venous blood drawn at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, followed by TEG tests performed in the clinical laboratory. RESULTS: The RIs determined with the healthy pregnant women (in third trimester) for R, K, MA, and α-angle were 4.0-7.7, 1.2-3.2, 51.9-70.1, and 41.4-74.4, respectively. When compared with the healthy pregnancy group, the K value was significantly decreased in GH patients but increased in PE patients; MA was significantly lower in the PE group. In the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analyses, K value was able to efficiently distinguish normal pregnancy from the GH patients, with an AUC of 0.86 which is far better than those of R (AUC = 0.57) and MA (AUC = 0.56). For the PE patients, the AUC of MA (0.69) was significantly greater than that of R (0.50). CONCLUSIONS: Thromboelastography may provide more accurate experimental basis for monitoring coagulation functions especially in pregnant women with complications of GH and PE.

18.
Sci Data ; 7(1): 318, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004808

RESUMO

The spatial mismatch of energy resources and electricity demand in China drives the large-scale construction of power transmission infrastructure, which consumes a large amount of carbon-intensive products. However, a systematic accounting framework for the carbon emissions of power transmission infrastructure has not yet been established. This study for the first time compiles an embodied carbon emissions inventory covering 191 typical power transmission infrastructure projects in China in 2015, including 145 types of alternating current (AC) transmission line projects, 37 typical AC substation projects, 8 typical direct current (DC) transmission line projects and 1 typical DC converter station project. The inventory also shows the detailed inputs of all the projects. These data not only enable a quantitative assessment of the embodied carbon emissions of power transmission infrastructure in China but also provide essential information for climate mitigation policy design in the power sector.

19.
Growth Horm IGF Res ; 55: 101354, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness and predictors of short-term somatostatin analog (SSA) presurgical therapy in a large cohort and to assess the correlation between clinical and pathological variables. DESIGN: 237 newly diagnosed patients with acromegaly received presurgical SSA treatment for three months were recruited. Clinical characteristics were collected, and response to SSA in hormone and tumor size was evaluated. The correlation between clinical information and pathological variables were analyzed. RESULTS: After 3 months presurgical SSA therapy, 51 (21.5%) patients were biochemically responsive with ≥50% decrease in IGF-1 while 126 (53.2%) patients showed at least 20% tumor size decrease. Biochemical responders were associated with a smaller maximum tumor diameter (MTD) and an older age (OR, 0.448; P = 0.003; OR, 1.050; P = 0.001). Tumor size responders were associated with a smaller MTD (OR, 0.435; P < 0.001). A combination of MTD < 2 cm and age ≥49 years predicted biochemical responders (PPV, 54.5%; NPV, 86.0%; P < 0.001), while MTD ≤2.2 cm (PPV, 67.1%; NPV, 67.0%; P < 0.001) predicted tumor size responders. Compared to patients with MTD < 2 cm, patients with MTD ≥ 2 cm showed higher percentage of sparsely granulated (SG) adenoma (62.1% vs. 31.3%, P = 0.005). In addition, the percentage of SG adenoma tended to be higher in patients < 49 years than ≥49 years (48.1% and 31.0% P = 0.089). CONCLUSIONS: The baseline MTD and age correlate with granulation patterns and may be used as easily acquired predictors of presurgical SSA treatment in acromegaly. Patients over their 50s with a tumor less than 2 cm in diameter are more likely to have a response to the short-term presurgical SSA therapy.

20.
Adv Mater ; : e2005222, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079417

RESUMO

Bacteria hiding in host phagocytes are difficult to kill, which can cause phagocyte disorders resulting in local and systemic tissue damage. Effective accumulation of activatable photosensitizers (PSs) in phagocytes to realize selective imaging and on-demand photodynamic ablation of bacteria is of great scientific and practical interests for precise bacteria diagnosis and treatment. Herein, HClO-activatable theranostic nanoprobes, DTF-FFP NPs, for image-guided bacterial ablation in phagocytes are introduced. DTF-FFP NPs are prepared by nanoprecipitation of an HClO-responsive near-infrared molecule FFP and an efficient PS DTF with aggregation-induced emission characteristic using an amphiphilic polymer Pluronic F127 as the encapsulation matrix. As an energy acceptor, FFP can quench both fluorescence and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) of DTF, thus eliminating the phototoxicity of DTF-FFP NPs in normal cells and tissues. Once delivered to the infection sites, DTF-FFP NPs light up with red fluorescence and efficiently generate ROS owing to the degradation of FFP by the stimulated release of HClO in phagocytes. The selective activation of fluorescence and photosensitization is successfully confirmed by both in vitro and in vivo results, demonstrating the effectiveness and theranostic potential of DTF-FFP NPs in precise bacterial therapy.

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