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1.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124700, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524602

RESUMO

An eight-year field trial was conducted to investigate the effects of four different N fertilization treatments of urea (CO(NH2)2, the control), ammonium sulfate ((NH4)2SO4), ammonium chloride (NH4Cl), and ammonium hydrogen phosphate [(NH4)2HPO4]) on cadmium (Cd) phytotoxicity in rice and soil microbial communities in a Cd-contaminated paddy of southern China. The results demonstrate that the different N treatments exerted different effects: the application of (NH4)2HPO4 and (NH4)2SO4 significantly increased rice grain yield and decreased soil-extractable Cd content when compared with those of the control, while NH4Cl had a converse effect. Expression of genes related to Cd uptake (IRT and NRAPM genes) and transport (HMA genes) by roots may be responsible for Cd phytotoxicity in rice grown in the different N fertilization treatments. Our results further demonstrate that N fertilization had stronger effects on soil bacterial communities than fungal communities. The bacterial and fungal keystone species were identified by phylogenetic molecular ecological network (pMEN) analysis and mainly fell into the categories of Gammaproteobacteria, Acidobacteria and Actinobacteria for the bacterial species and Ascomycota for the fungal species; all of these keystone species were highly enriched in the (NH4)2HPO4 treatment. Soil pH and soil available-Cd content emerged as the major determinants of microbial network connectors. These results could provide effective fertilizing strategies for alleviating Cd phytotoxicity in rice and enhance the understanding of its underlying microbial mechanisms.

2.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 611-618, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31283007

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. More than 90% of primary HCC is HCC. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and alcohol consumption have been widely accepted as two major risk factors for developing HCC. Herein, we aimed to identify DNA methylation genes related to both HCV infection and alcohol consumption. In this study, we identified methylation genes that were associated with the risk of HCV infection and alcohol consumption, respectively, by a large-scale bioinformatic analysis. Through PPI network analysis, we revealed the associations between the two types of genes and found six hub genes-TAF1, SAT1, Phospholipase C-beta 2, FGD1, ARHGAP4, and ARHGEF9-that may be associated with both HCV infection and alcohol consumption. Gene Ontology enrichment analysis was used to analyze the function which these genes in the network enriched. Among them, TAF1, SAT1, and ARHGEF9 were methylated genes that have been found to be related to tumor progression in HCC patients. Through independent data sets, we verified the methylation pattern of these six genes in HCC samples that had both HCV infection and alcohol consumption risks. Furthermore, we found that three of the six methylated genes were also associated with the prognosis of HCC patients. To summarize, we identified six hub genes that were associated with both HCV infection and alcohol consumption in the progress of HCC. The six methylation genes that might play an important role in both HCV infection and alcohol consumption would be potential therapy targets for HCC.

3.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 311: 108333, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669927

RESUMO

Large amounts of tomato fruits and derived products are produced in China and may be contaminated by Alternaria mycotoxins, which may have the potential risks for human health. There is thus an increasing interest in reducing the mycotoxins. In the present study, 26 Alternaria strains isolated from tomato black rots were identified according to morphological and molecular grounds, and their mycotoxigenic abilities for alternariol (AOH), alternariol monomethyl-ether (AME) and tenuazonic acid (TeA) were also investigated. The results showed that A. alternate was the predominant species with incidence values of 65.4% (17/26), followed by A. brassicae (7/26) and A. tenuissima (2/26). A. alternate isolates showed the highest capacity for AOH, AME and TeA production among the studied isolates either in vitro or in vivo, suggested that A. alternata may be the most important mycotoxin-producing species in tomato fruits. Thus, UV-C irradiation was used to reduce the mycotoxin produced by A. alternata in our study. The results showed that low dose of UV-C irradiation (0.25 kJ/m2) could effectively inhibit mycotoxins production and penetration in tomatoes. Upon treatment with UV-C, there was 79.6, 76.4 and 51.4% of reduction in AOH, AME and TeA penetration when compared to untreated fruits. This may be associated with the enhanced phenolics by UV-C irradiation. In fact, the induced phenolics were including p-coumaric, ferulic and pyrocatechuic acids, of which p-coumaric acid (1.0 mM) displayed the highest reduction of TeA with 60.2%, whereas ferulic acid (1.0 mM) showed strong inhibitory effects on the AOH and AME production by 59.4 and 79.1%, respectively. Therefore, the application of UV-C irradiation seems to be a promising method for reducing the potential risk of Alternaria mycotoxins in fruits and also for enhancing phenolics of processing products.

4.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 112019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683259

RESUMO

This study explored the influence of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) SNHG14 on α-synuclein (α-syn) expression and Parkinson's disease (PD) pathogenesis. Firstly, we found that the expression level of SNHG14 was elevated in brain tissues of PD mice. In MN9D cells, the rotenone treatment (1µmol/L) enhanced the binding between transcriptional factor SP-1 and SNHG14 promoter, thus promoting SNHG14 expression. Interference of SNHG14 ameliorated the DA neuron injury induced by rotenone. Next, we found an interaction between SNHG14 and miR-133b. Further study showed that miR-133b down-regulated α-syn expression by targeting its 3'-UTR of mRNA and SNHG14 could reverse the negative effect of miR-133b on α-syn expression. Interference of SNHG14 reduced rotenone-induced DA neuron damage through miR-133b in MN9D cells and α-syn was responsible for the protective effect of miR-133b. Similarly, interference of SNHG14 mitigated neuron injury in PD mouse model. All in all, silence of SNHG14 mitigates dopaminergic neuron injury by down-regulating α-syn via targeting miR-133b, which contributes to improving PD.

5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(21)2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683904

RESUMO

Ring laser gyro (RLG) can work in mechanically dithered mode or rate-biased mode according to the working state of the inertial navigation system (INS). It can change from one mode to the other by receiving outer instructions. To evaluate the performance of RLG in rate-biased mode, an inertial measurement unit (IMU) based on RLG is installed on a dual-axis turntable, the turntable offers a constant angular velocity to the RLGs, in that way RLG can work in the rate-biased mode. A calibration method is proposed to calibrate the scale factor error, misalignments and constant bias of RLG in rate-biased mode, experiment results show that the differences of scale factor of the three gyros in two modes are 9 ppm, 7 ppm and 3.5 ppm, the constant biases of the three RLGs in rate-biased mode are also different from that in mechanically dithered mode with the difference of 0.017°/h, 0.011°/h and 0.020°/h, the input axis misalignment angle of RLGs in different modes also changed. What is more, a calculation method of angle random walk (ARW) of RLG in rate-biased mode is also presented. Experimental results show that the ARW of the RLG in rate-biased mode is about one third of that in mechanically dithered.

6.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(5): 646-657, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699195

RESUMO

Objective To summarize the characteristics of Chinese coccidioidomycosis cases, improve the diagnosis and treatment of this disease and prevent misdiagnosis as well as therapeutic error.Methods Search in databases including Medline,Wanfang,and CNKI using "Coccidioidomycosis" and "China" as index words yielded 23 articles that reported a total of 32 Chinese coccidioidomycosis cases.In addition,one patient with disseminated coccidioidomycos was treated in our center in April 2016.The demographic data,site of infection,clinical manifestations,past medical history,exposure history,imaging and laboratory findings,and pathological features of these 33 patients were analyzed.Results Among these 33 patients,7(21.2%)had visited an epidemic area and 6(18.2%)were immunocompromised.The disease involved the respiratory system,skin,bone,central nervous system,cornea,and stomach in 24,6,3,2,1,and 1 patients,respectively.Eight patients (24.2%) had multiple system involvement,and three of them died.The imaging findings included pulmonary nodules(n=14),mediastinal lymphadenopathy(n=5),solid shadow(n=4),cavity(n=4),pleural effusion(n=3),multiple plaques(n=2)and masses(n=2).Coccidiolys cysts were detected in the affected tissues(n=28)or in pus,exudate or pleural smear(n=3);in addition,coccidioides mycelium and spores were found in the sputum,pus,and tissue cultures in 4 cases,among whom only 2 cases were confirmed by serological examination.The treatments included triazoles(n=20),systemic or local administration of amphotericin B(n=13),surgical resection of the lesion(n=8),and intravenous gamma globulin(n=1).Five patients died,among whom three had underlying diseases that caused immunosuppression and one was an infant.The prognoses were relatively good in the remaining patients.Conclusions Early diagnosis and proper treatment can achieve good prognosis in coccidioidomycosis patients.Multi-system involvement and immunosuppression are risk factors for poor prognosis of coccidioidomycosis.For these patients,adequate and full-course medication may prevent rapid disease progression.

7.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5057, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700006

RESUMO

Self-oscillation is a phenomenon where an object sustains periodic motion upon non-periodic stimulus. It occurs commonly in nature, a few examples being heartbeat, sea waves and fluttering of leaves. Stimuli-responsive materials allow creating synthetic self-oscillators fuelled by different forms of energy, e.g. heat, light and chemicals, showing great potential for applications in power generation, autonomous mass transport, and self-propelled micro-robotics. However, most of the self-oscillators are based on bending deformation, thereby limiting their possibilities of being implemented in practical applications. Here, we report light-fuelled self-oscillators based on liquid crystal network actuators that can exhibit three basic oscillation modes: bending, twisting and contraction-expansion. We show that a time delay in material response dictates the self-oscillation dynamics, and realize a freestyle self-oscillator that combines numerous oscillation modes simultaneously by adjusting the excitation beam position. The results provide new insights into understanding of self-oscillation phenomenon and offer new designs for future self-propelling micro-robots.

8.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680553

RESUMO

Two new norsesquiterpenoids, dioscopposin A (1) and dioscopposin B (2), as well as 21 known compounds (3-23) were isolated from the stems and leaves of Dioscorea oppositifolia L. Their structures were elucidated by detailed analysis of comprehensive spectroscopic data. The absolute configurations were deduced by the comparison of experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism spectra. Estrogenic activity of all the isolated compounds were evaluated using MCF-7 cells proliferation assay and compounds 2, 3, 7, 13, 15, 16, 18 and 21 exhibited proliferation activity.

9.
Bioengineered ; 10(1): 548-560, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668126

RESUMO

The episomal vector cannot integrate into the host cell chromosome, which has no potential risk in gene therapy. However, the low level of transgene expression driven by episomal vectors needs to be solved. In this study, we investigated the effects of enhancers, promoters and promoter variants on transgene expression levels driven by episomal vectors in HEK293, Chang liver and primary cells. Results showed that all eight cis-acting elements used could increase transfection efficiency and transient eGFP expression in transfected HEK293 and Chang liver cells. In stably transfected mammalian cells, the elongation factor-1 alpha (EF-1α) promoter and mutant-404 showed high and stable transgene expression. The mechanisms might be related to the type and quantity of transcription factor regulatory elements. Moreover, quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that mRNA expression levels were not directly proportional to protein expression levels. Furthermore, the EF-1α promoter conferred high transgene expression levels in primary cells, and the plasmid was also present in the episomal state. Taken together, these results provided valuable information for improving transgene expression with episomal vectors in mammalian cells.

10.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 22(11): 736-741, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697598

RESUMO

Previous research on cyberbullying has almost entirely focused on examining its prevalence among teens and young adults leaving it unclear how prevalent it is within the wider population. The present study used a New Zealand (NZ) national sample (N = 20,849) to examine gender, age, and ethnic differences in the experiences of cyberbullying victimization. On average, nearly 14.9 percent of respondents stated that they have ever been a target of cyberbullying before, with 2.2 percent respondents reporting such experiences within the past month. While young adults (18-25 years) experienced the highest levels of cyberbullying during both time frames (lifetime and past month), the prevalence of cyberbullying was lower among older age cohorts, with the lowest rate among the 66+ age group. Reports of cyberbullying slightly varied among men and women, with women overall reporting slightly greater levels of having ever experienced cyberbullying than men; however, this significant difference did not carry into reports of cyberbullying over the past month. On average, participants identifying as European reported lower levels of cyberbullying than Maori and Pacific Nations participants during both time frames, with Asian participants falling in the middle. Taken together, these findings provide a nuanced understanding of the prevalence of cyberbullying in a large national sample of NZ adults.

11.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 19(1): 205, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical stress induces the release of neuroendocrine mediators and cytokines during perioperative period, which may have adverse effects on cancer patients. While the surgical stress responsse can be affected by anesthetic technique. Therefore, we designed this study to assess whether subcostal transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block can affect perioperative neuroendocrine stress response, postoperative analgesia and postoperative recovery in patients undergoing radical gastrectomy under general anesthesia. METHODS: Sixty-five patients were recruited. Patients randomly received general anesthesia (control group), or general anesthesia combined with TAP block (40 mL of 0.375% ropivacaine) (TAP group). The primary outcome was neuroendocrine levels including norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E), cortisol (Cor), glucose (Glu), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10 during 48 h after surgery. Secondary outcomes included pain score, hemodynamic variables and recovery characteristics. RESULTS: Data from 61 of 65 patients were analyzed. The levels of NE, E, Cor, and Glu were blunt by TAP block during perioperative period. The levels of IL-6 and IL-10 were significantly lower in TAP group than in control group. TAP block efficiently relieved postoperative acute pain up to 12 h postoperatively with more stable perioperative hemodynamics compared with control group. CONCLUSIONS: Subcostal TAP block blunts perioperative stress response and provides efficient analgesia, with good hemodynamic stability and minimal adverse effects.

12.
Life Sci ; : 116882, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705915

RESUMO

AIMS: Free fatty acids (FFA) is a key contributor to insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction. However, the precise mechanism underlying the role of FFA remains elusive. This study aimed to investigate the role of NLRP3 (NOD-like receptor pyrin domain containing-3) inflammasome in FFA induced endothelial dysfunction. MAIN METHODS: HUVECs were transfected with NLRP3 siRNA and then stimulated with LPS and palmitate. C57 BL/6J mice transfected with NLRP3 Lenti-Virus were fed with a high-fat diet (HFD). The levels of NLRP3 inflammasome, AMPKα (AMP-activated protein kinase), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and the activity of the insulin signal pathway, in endothelial cells were determined via Western blotting. Endothelial function was determined by measuring the level of endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. KEY FINDINGS: FFA could activate NLRP3 inflammasome and induce IL-1ß release both in vitro. and in vivo. Using siRNA and Lenti-Virus to inhibit NLRP3 abolished palmitate-induced IL-1ß release and restored impaired phosphorylation of IRS-1 (Tyr), Akt (Ser473) and eNOS (Ser1177) and ACh-mediated endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation induced by palmitate. AMPKα activator AICAR(5-aminoimidazole-4-carbox-amide-1-ß-d-ribofuranoside) inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome activation and decreased IL-1ß release and restored impaired insulin signal pathway induced by palmitate. SIGNIFICANCE: NLRP3 inflammasome activation via AMPKα inactivation mediated palmitate-induced endothelial dysfunction through involves IL-1ß-induced insulin signal pathway.

13.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694740

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Lupus nephritis (LN) is an immune-complex mediated nephritis with complicated pathogenesis. The aims of the present study were to investigate whether inflammasomes are activated in the renal pathology of LN patients and analyse the association of inflammasome activation in different classes of LN renal tissues with the disease activity. METHODS: A total of 86 patients with renal biopsy-proven chronic kidney disease admitted in Xiangya Hospital from January 2015 to August 2018 were enrolled in the present study. Immunofluorescence analysis was applied to examine NLRP1, NLRP3 and AIM3 expression in renal tissues. RESULTS: AIM2 was mainly expressed in glomerular cells of LN class II. No obvious positive staining of AIM2 in renal tissues was found in other LN classes. NLRP1 and NLRP3 were mainly localised in tubular cells. NLRP1 was mainly expressed in tubular cells of LN class II and class IV while NLRP3 was expressed in tubular cells of LN class IV. Moreover, NLRP3 expression level was positive correlated with the activity index (AI) score in patients with LN. CONCLUSIONS: NLRP3, NLRP1 and AIM2 activation are involved in the progress of LN. NLRP3 activation has a positive correlation with the AI score of LN.

14.
Hum Mutat ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696999

RESUMO

To assess the spectrum of pediatric clinical phenotypes in TJP2 disease, we reviewed records of our 7 patients in whom intrahepatic cholestasis was associated with biallelic TJP2 variants (13; 12 novel) and correlated clinical manifestations with mutation type. The effect of a splicing variant was analyzed with a minigene assay. The effects of 3 missense variants were analyzed with protein expression in vitro. Our patients had both remitting and persistent cholestasis. Three exhibited growth retardation. Six responded to treatment with cholestyramine, ursodeoxycholic acid, or both. Two had cholecystolithiasis. None required liver transplantation or developed hepatocellular or cholangiocellular malignancy. None manifested extrahepatic disease not attributable to effects of cholestasis. The variant c.2180-5T>G resulted in exon 15 skipping with in-frame deletion of 32 amino acid residues in TJP2. The 3 missense variants decreased but did not abolish TJP2 expression. Patients with truncating or canonical splice-site variants had clinically more severe disease. Conclusion: TJP2 disease in children includes a full clinical spectrum of severity, with mild or intermittent forms as well as the severe and minimal forms hitherto described. Biallelic TJP2 variants must be considered in children with clinically intermittent or resolved intrahepatic cholestasis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

15.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(5): 1416-1423, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607292

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the IL-7R gene mutation and clinical features of adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). METHODS: One hundred sixty-four cases of newly treated adults with ALL from May 2016 to December 2018 were selected. Targeted and specific next-generation sequencing technology was used to detected a total of 16 types of Ph-like ALL mutations, which include IL-7R mutation, and the cilinical features, rate, types and sites of IL-7R were analyzed. RESULTS: IL-7R mutation was determined in 10 cases of 164 adult patients with ALL and the total mutation frequency was 13 times (6.1%). Out of 10 cases 5 cases were male (50%), 5 cases were female (50%). 6 cases of B-ALL ( 60% ) and 4 cases of T-ALL (40%). The mutation site of all cases was located at exon 6, among which 6 cases had replacement mutations, 3 cases had deletion mutations and 4 cases had insertion mutations. In addition, 1 triple and 1 double mutation of IL-7R were found. Besides, six mutation sites were newly identified, including: c.720_724del, c.723_726del, c.721_722insAGTG, c.727_728insTAACGGCCCCCTGCT, c.727_728insATGCAGGGAGCGAA and c.728_729insAAGTGTCA. CONCLUSION: Six novel mutation sites and a poor manifestation of IL-7R have been explored in this research. Thus more samples are required to study the effects of IL-7R mutation on ALL treatment.

16.
J Med Virol ; 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609007

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the efficacy and safety of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) monotherapy and TDF + entecavir (ETV) combination therapy for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with the partial virological response (PVR) to ETV. METHODS: CHB patients with PVR to ETV were switched to TDF monotherapy or TDF + ETV combination therapy. The primary efficacy outcome was a virological response (VR), and the secondary efficacy outcomes were hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) normalization. The primary safety outcomes were changes in serum creatinine and serum phosphorus levels. RESULTS: A total of 143 patients were investigated, including 63 patients in the TDF monotherapy group and 80 patients in the TDF + ETV combination therapy group. Baseline demographics and clinical characteristics were comparable between groups. The median age of patients was 44.5 years, and 76.2% of them were male. The VR rate in TDF + ETV group was higher than that of the TDF group at 48 weeks (88.8% vs 71.4%; P = .009). At 48 weeks, the HBeAg seroconversion rate of TDF + ETV group was higher than that of the TDF group (30% vs 15.9%; P = .049). There was no significant difference in the proportion of patients with elevated ALT in the TDF group and TDF + ETV group at 48 weeks (9.5% vs 7.5%; P = .665). After adjusting the treatment regimen, serum creatinine levels increased slightly and serum phosphorus level decreased slightly in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: TDF + ETV combination therapy for 48 weeks had a higher VR rate than TDF monotherapy in CHB patients with PVR to ETV.

17.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659692

RESUMO

Multicistronic vectors can increase transgene expression and decrease the imbalance of gene expression in the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell expression system. Small, self-cleaving 2A peptides have a high cleavage efficiency and are essential for constructing high-expression multicistronic vectors. In this study, we investigated the effects of two different 2A peptides on transgene expression in CHO cells via their mediating action on tricistronic vectors. The enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) and red fluorescent protein (RFP) genes were linked by the porcine teschovirus-1 (P2A) and Thosea asigna virus (T2A) peptides in a multicistronic vector. We transfected CHO cells with these vectors and screened for the presence of blasticidin-resistant colonies. Flow cytometry and real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) were used to detect the expression levels of eGFP and RFP and the copy numbers of stably transfected cells. The results showed that P2A could enhance eGFP and RFP expression by 1.48- and 1.47-fold, respectively, compared to T2A. The expression levels of the genes were not proportional to their copy numbers. In conclusion, we found that P2A can effectively drive transgene expression in CHO cells and a potent 2A peptide can be used for recombinant protein production in the CHO cell system.

18.
Mol Diagn Ther ; 2019 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) refers to a group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by bilateral weakness, spasticity, and hyperreflexia in the lower limbs. The autosomal dominant HSP (ADHSP) predominantly presents as the pure form, but the clinical profiles and causal genetic variants underlying ADHSP are complex, and many remain unknown. METHODS: A cohort of 15 Chinese HSP pedigrees (including 35 patients and their 22 relatives) were screened by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) or whole-exome sequencing (WES). Neurological assessments were also conducted. RESULTS: The main subtypes of HSP above detected in our cohort were SPG4, SPG3A, and SPG6. Fifteen HSP-inducing mutations were identified, among which six were novel mutations: SPAST c.1277T>C, c.1292G>C, c.1562T>C, and c.1693A>T, NIPA1 c.748A>C, and KIDINS220 c.4448C>G. As expected, the most common presentation of the ADHSP cases was the pure form, manifesting spasticity of lower limbs and hyperreflexia, as well as pyramidal signs. Differing substantially from previous reports for KIDINS220 variants, our study family exhibited autosomal dominant inheritance, and only presented with spastic paraplegia, with no signs of intellectual disability, nystagmus, or obesity. CONCLUSION: Our work reveals a non-classical spastic paraplegia, intellectual disability, nystagmus, and obesity phenotype for a KIDINS220 mutation, which broadens both the clinical and genetic spectrum for ADHSP. Beyond underscoring the utility of using both MLPA and WES in studies of HSP, our work deepens the scientific understanding of phenotypes for ADHSP and defines new genetic variants to facilitate future diagnoses.

19.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0224033, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634360

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present study aims at examining the prevalence of awareness and current use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) among middle and high school students from Zhejiang, China. Smoking-related factors associated with e-cigarettes use will also be explored. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on 2017 Zhejiang Youth Risk Behavior Survey. A total of 24,157 adolescents were recruited and relevant data of e-cigarettes and smoking-related factors were collected via a self-reported questionnaire. Logistic regression models were used to examine the association between e-cigarettes current use and the smoking-related factors. Odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were reported. RESULTS: Overall, 70.61% of middle and high school students reported hearing of e-cigarettes, while only 2.15% reported using e-cigarettes in the past month. Among smoking-related factors, cigarette smoking (ever and current), use of other tobacco products, second hand smoke exposure and previous attempts to quit smoking were significantly associated with higher current e-cigarettes use in adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: These results presented high awareness of e-cigarettes while relatively low use in Chinese adolescents. Smoking-related factors were significantly associated with increased e-cigarettes use.

20.
Cancer Lett ; 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634527

RESUMO

Treatment with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-modified T cells targeting CD19 has proved successful in patients with relapsed/refractory B cell malignancies. However, long-term follow-up indicates that remission in a substantial proportion of patients is not sustainable. Most patients that experience recurrence have tumors and lost the CAR-T cells. To maintain the activity of CAR-T cells, Raji-B-NDG mice were treated sequentially with CAR-T-19 cells and homologous cells expressing human CD19 to promote expansion of CAR-T cells. Sequential treatment of mice with CAR-T-19 cells followed by Raji tumor cells led to marked prolongation of survival. The best case scenario after sequential treatment was a survival time of more than 200 days; the average survival time of mice in the non-sequential treatment group was 80 days. We treated mice with autologous CD19-modified T cells after initial treatment with CAR-T-19 cells. The overall survival and recurrence-free survival times of mice receiving sequential treatment were significantly longer. The percentages of CAR+ T cells in peripheral blood increased. Sequential therapy with autologous CAR-T-19 and aT19 cells provides a new strategy for generating memory CAR-T cells, which may lead ultimately to increased clinical efficacy.

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