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1.
J Refract Surg ; 36(10): 696-702, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034362

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the changes of retinal and choroidal parameters, scleral biomechanical strength, and ocular histopathology after scleral ultraviolet-A (UVA) cross-linking (CXL) in rhesus monkeys eyes, and to evaluate the safety and long-term biomechanical stability of scleral CXL for preventing myopia from progressing further in clinic. METHODS: Six 3-year-old male rhesus monkeys (12 eyes) were randomized to receive UVA-CXL procedures applied on the superotemporal equatorial sclera. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) were used for examination before and 1 week and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after CXL. The stress-strain behaviors of equatorial scleral strips were analyzed 12 months postoperatively by a biomaterial tester. Hematoxylin-eosin and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining were performed 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS: For central retinal thickness, choroidal thickness, and flow density of central retinal superficial vascular networks, no statistical difference was noted between CXL eyes and control eyes at 12 months postoperatively (P > .05). The biomechanical stability of sclera was increased. The scleral stress and Young modulus at 8% strain corresponded to 184% and 183%, respectively, of the control values at 12 months (each P < .001). No retinal damage was detected on histology in scleral CXL eyes. There was no obvious difference between scleral CXL eyes and control eyes by hematoxylin-eosin and TUNEL staining (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Scleral CXL with riboflavin/UVA in rhesus monkey eyes could strengthen the biomechanical properties of scleral tissues and maintain the stability for 12 months postoperatively. The UVA-CXL on the sclera of rhesus monkey eyes seems to be effective and safe. [J Refract Surg. 2020;36(10):696-702.].

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22697, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture therapy for asymptomatic infection of COVID-19. METHODS: The following electronic databases will be searched from December 2019 to December 2020: MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan-fang database, Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), Chinese Biomedical Literature Databases (CBM), and other databases. All published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about this topic will be included. Two independent researchers will operate article retrieval, duplication removing, screening, quality evaluation, and data analyses by Review Manager (V.5.3.5). Meta-analyses, subgroup analysis, and/or descriptive analysis will be performed based on the included data conditions. RESULTS: High-quality synthesis and/or descriptive analysis of current evidence will be provided from the time of negative nucleic acid detection for 2 consecutive times (not on the same day), cure rate, converting to clinical diagnosis rate, and side effects of acupuncture. CONCLUSION: This study will provide the evidence of whether acupuncture is an effective and safe intervention for asymptomatic infection of COVID-19. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD 42020179729.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Doenças Assintomáticas , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Pandemias , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091477

RESUMO

As an anti-metabolic drug, methotrexate (MTX) plays an important role in the treatment of various malignant tumors. However, several side effects such as low selectivity and high toxic of MTX limited its further applications. With aims to increase its accumulation in the tumor sites and reduce the toxicity of normal tissue nonspecific uptake, a self-assembled hyaluronic acid-alendronate-methotrexate nanoparticle (HA-ALN-MTX NPs) with a dual-tumor-targeted drug loaded system was designed and synthesized with an average particle size of 265.6 ±â€¯13.3 nm. The advantage of this nanosystem is that the anticancer drug MTX can be used as a tumor-targeted ligand for folate acid receptors (FA), and hyaluronic acid (HA) can be used as another tumor targeted ligand for CD44 receptors. In vitro experiments confirmed that HA-ALN-MTX NPs has lower toxic effect on normal tissue cells HUVECs and has relatively high proliferation inhibition effect on tumor cells A549. Moreover, the inhibition effect could be adjusted by altering the dose of given drugs. All these results revealed that the prepared HA-ALN-MTX NPs could be selectively taken up by tumor cells by FA and CD44 receptor-mediated endocytosis. Therefore, self-assembled HA-ALN-MTX NPs targeted by these FA/CD44 receptors for anticancer drugs could act as effective antitumor drugs.

4.
Int J Hematol ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037588

RESUMO

The clinical features of patients with secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH) complicated with capillary leak syndrome (CLS) remain controversial. The data of 259 sHLH patients were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, treatment, and prognosis of the CLS-sHLH group and non-CLS-sHLH group were compared. The levels of fibrinogen, albumin, and serum calcium in the CLS-sHLH group were lower than in the non-CLS-sHLH group, and serum triglycerides in the CLS-sHLH group were higher than in the non-CLS-sHLH group (P < 0.05). Univariate analysis showed that fibrinogen level was an independent prognostic factor in sHLH patients complicated with CLS. The median survival time was significantly shorter in patients with fibrinogen ≤ 1.3 g/L than in patients with fibrinogen > 1.3 g/L (P < 0.05). Patients with improved CLS conditions in the CLS-sHLH group had significantly increased albumin and serum calcium after treatment (P < 0.05); patients without improved conditions in the CLS-sHLH group also had significantly increased albumin after treatment (P < 0.05), but the serum calcium did not change significantly (P > 0.05). sHLH patients complicated with CLS had significantly worse prognosis than without CLS. Significant reduction in fibrinogen may be an independent prognostic factor for poor prognosis in sHLH patients complicated with CLS.

5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 3608372, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33062677

RESUMO

Background: Wubeizi (Rhus chinensis Mill.) ointment has been shown as an effective treatment for keloids. However, the protective mechanisms of Wubeizi ointment are not fully understood. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) has been demonstrated to be associated with keloid pathogenesis. In the present study, we investigated if Wubeizi ointment suppressed keloid formation through the modulation of key molecules of the rapamycin (mTOR) pathway including phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), and protein kinase B (Akt). Methods: A keloid mouse model and human keloid-derived fibroblasts were developed and treated with Galla chinensis. Immunohistochemistry, western blot, and reverse transcription-PCR were used to detect PI3K, PTEN, Akt, and mTOR in keloid tissues and keloid fibroblasts. The apoptosis and proliferation rate of keloid fibroblasts was, respectively, analyzed by flow cytometry according to the MTT assay. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 20.0. For two variable comparisons, a two independent samples t-test was used. For multiple variable comparisons, data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by pairwise q-tests. Results: Our in vivo and in vitro studies showed that Wubeizi ointment suppressed keloid formation through inhibition of fibroblast proliferation and promotion of fibroblast apoptosis. The underlying basis involves downregulation of p-Akt and p-mTOR as well as upregulation of PTEN. Conclusion: These findings may contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms of Wubeizi ointment for treating keloids.

6.
Exp Mol Pathol ; 117: 104547, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976821

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI), as a life-threatening syndrome, is mainly characterized with diffuse alveolar injury, excessive pulmonary inflammation, edema and apoptosis of lung epithelial cells. This study investigated the effects of LncRNA Hsp4 (Hsp4, ENSMUST00000175718) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced apoptosis of MLE-12 cells. In our research, we found that LPS treatment remarkably induced apoptosis of MLE-12 cells and decreased the expression of Hsp4. Overexpression of Hsp4 significantly reversed LPS-induced cell apoptosis through inhibiting mTOR signaling, while suppression of Hsp4 presented opposite effects. Further results showed that Hsp4 positively regulated the expression of miR-466m-3p. Knockdown of miR-466m-3p reversed LPS-induced cell apoptosis via increasing the levels of DNAjb6 which was confirmed to be the target gene of miR-466m-3p. This finding will be helpful for further understanding the critical roles of Hsp4 in ALI and may provide potential targets for ALI diagnosis and treatment.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981173

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: The attributes of readiness for hospital discharge (RHD) have been identified to be physical stability, adequate support, psychological ability, and adequate information and knowledge. Patient-reported RHD has been regarded as an outcome indicator, and poor RHD leads to unplanned readmission, emergency department visits and even death. Knowledge regarding patient-reported RHD and its factors among patients with depression is limited. WHAT THE PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: RHD among patients with depression is at a moderate level. More than a quarter of people with depression had low RHD. The knowledge dimension of the RHDS among patients with depression should be further strengthened. The length of stay, content received and delivery dimensions of the QDTS were significantly associated with RHD. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE?: This study encourages nurses to assess patient-reported RHD at discharge in mental health settings. Nurses should pay more attention to patients with hospital stays longer than 20 days. Nurses could improve RHD by enhancing the quality of discharge teaching, particularly the content received and the skills nurses used to deliver such content. Nurses' managers could develop programmes to improve teaching skills via Internet technology, such as simulated patients and online interprofessional discharge planning. ABSTRACT: Introduction Low readiness for hospital discharge (RHD) can be followed by negative healthcare outcomes. However, no studies have investigated RHD among patients with depression. Aim This study aimed to examine patient-reported RHD and its factors among patients with depression. Method In total, 367 inpatients with depression were recruited and completed the Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale (RHDS) and Quality of Discharge Teaching Scale (QDTS). A binary logistic regression analysis was performed to explore the factors of RHD among patients with depression. Results The total RHDS score was 7.70 ± 1.52. Approximately 28.9% of the participants had low RHD (RHDS score < 7). The results revealed that RHD was significantly associated with the length of stay, content received and delivery. Discussion RHD among patients with depression is at a moderate level. More than a quarter of people with depression had low RHD. To improve RHD, enhancing the quality of discharge teaching is imperative for patients with depression. Implications for Practice Nurses should pay more attention to patients with a hospital stay longer than 20 days. Nurses could improve RHD by enhancing the quality of discharge teaching, particularly the content received and the skills nurses used to deliver such content.

8.
Clin Nutr ; 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIM: Observational studies have reported that tea consumption is associated with risk of stroke. However, this observed association is inconsistent, and whether this observed association is due to confounding factors or reverse causation remains unclear. Thus, we applied a two-sample mendelian randomization (MR) approach to determine whether genetically predicted tea consumption is causally associated with risk of stroke, ischemic stroke (IS), and IS subtypes. METHODS: UK Biobank available data (349,376 samples of European ancestry) was used to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with tea consumption (cups/day). The summary statistics for stroke, IS, and IS subtypes were obtained from the MEGASTROKE consortium with 40,585 stroke cases and 406,111 controls. RESULTS: We found that genetically predicted an extra daily cup of tea consumption was casually associated with a reduced risk of small vessel stroke (odds ratio (OR), 0.79; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.69-0.91; P = 0.001), but not with cardioembolic stroke (OR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.86-1.09; P = 0.582), large artery stroke (OR, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.82-1.10; P = 0.506), stroke (OR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.95-1.06; P = 0.889) or IS (OR, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.89-1.01; P = 0.083). CONCLUSIONS: Our study provided evidence that genetically predicted an extra daily cup of tea consumption is causally associated with a reduced risk of small vessel stroke.

9.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 129: 110487, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887022

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the protective effect of Oligosaccharides composition of Descurainiae sophia on doxorubicin-induced heart failure in rats, and to study its mechanism. METHOD: A rat model of heart failure was established in 180-220 g male Sprague-Dawley rats by low-dose intraperitoneal injection of doxorubicin for 6 weeks. Four weeks after continuous administration, echocardiography was used to detect left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and end systolic diameter (LVESD) in each group, and left ventricular short axis shortening rate (LVFS) and ejection fraction (LVEF) were calculated. ELISA method was used to detecte the levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), troponin I (cTnI), creatine kinase (CK), angiotensin II (Ang II), aldosterone (ALD), arginine pressurization AVP, Renin, Endothelin (ET-1), Nitric Oxide (NO), AQP2 in urine. 6 h cumulative urine output was measured by metabolic cage method after administration for 3 weeks. The urine osmotic pressure was measured by freezing point method. The expression of AQP2 protein in kidney was detected by Western blot method. The changes of myocardial morphology were observed. RESULTS: Compared with the normal control group, the heart rate of the model group was significantly increased (P < 0.01). LVESD and LVEDD were significantly increased (P < 0.01), LVEF and LVFS were significantly decreased (P < 0.01). The levels of CK, cTnI, NO, ET-1, BNP, ANP, ALD, AngII, Renin, AQP2, AVP and osmotic pressure were significantly increased (P < 0.01). Urine output was significantly decreased (P < 0.01). The heart HE showed obvious lesions. Compared with the model group, the Oligosaccharides composition of Descurainiae sophia significantly reduced the heart rate (P < 0.05), decreased LVESD and LVEDD (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05), and increased LVFS and LVEF values (P < 0.01). Oligosaccharides composition of Descurainiae sophia could significantly improve pathological damage of the heart, decrease the levels of cTnI, BNP, AngII, ALD, Renin, AVP in the serum, osmotic pressure and AQP2in the urine (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05), down-regulate the expression of AQP2 protein in the renal(P < 0.01), increase urine volume (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Oligosaccharides composition of Descurainiae sophia can significantly improve cardiac function and the disorder of water metabolism in rats with heart failure. Oligosaccharides composition of Descurainiae sophia exerts anti- heart failure through the RAAS system and the arginine vasopressin system.

10.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(17)2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887219

RESUMO

A periodic-layered structure was observed in solid-(Cr, Fe)2B/liquid-Al diffusion couple at 750 °C. The interface morphology, the reaction products, and the potential formation mechanism of this periodic-layered structure were investigated using an electron probe microanalyzer (EPMA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The results indicate that the reaction between (Cr, Fe)2B and liquid Al is a diffusion-controlled process. The formation of intermetallics involves both the superficial dissolution of Fe and Cr atoms and the inward diffusion of Al at the interface. The layered structure, as characterized by various experimental techniques, is alternated by a single FeAl3 layer and a (FeAl3 + Cr3AlB4) dual-phase layer. A potential mechanism describing the formation process of this periodic-layered structure was proposed based on the diffusion kinetics based on the experimental results.

11.
Biosci Rep ; 40(10)2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985665

RESUMO

Transplantion of bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) may be a novel treatment for deep venous thrombosis (DVT). The present study probed into the role of microRNA (miR)-361-5p in EPCs and DVT recanalization. EPCs were isolated from male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and identified using confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. The viability, migration and tube formation of EPCs were examined using MTT assay, wound-healing assay and tube formation assay, respectively. Target gene and potential binding sites between miR-361-5p and fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1) were predicted by StarBase and confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Relative expressions of miR-361-5p and FGF1 were detected using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot as needed. A DVT model in SD rats was established to investigate the role of EPC with miR-361-5p antagomir in DVT by Hematoxylin-Eosin (H&E) staining. EPC was identified as 87.1% positive for cluster of difference (CD)31, 2.17% positive for CD133, 85.6% positive for von Willebrand factor (vWF) and 94.8% positive for vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2). MiR-361-5p antagomir promoted proliferation, migration and tube formation of EPCs and up-regulated FGF1 expression, thereby dissolving thrombus in the vein of DVT rats. FGF1 was the target of miR-361-5p, and overexpressed FGF1 reversed the effects of up-regulating miR-361-5p on suppressing EPCs. Down-regulation of miR-361-5p enhanced thrombus resolution in vivo and promoted EPC viability, migration and angiogenesis in vitro through targeting FGF1. Therefore, miR-361-5p may be a potential therapeutic target for DVT recanalization.

12.
Peptides ; 134: 170407, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926948

RESUMO

The present study was undertaken to further investigate the spinal anti-allodynic effects of endomorphins (EMs) and their C-terminal hydrazide modified analogs EM-1-NHNH2 and EM-2-NHNH2 in the spared nerve injury (SNI) model of neuropathic pain in mice. Our results demonstrated that intrathecal (i.t.) administration of endomorphin-1 (EM-1), endomorphin-2 (EM-2), EM-1-NHNH2 and EM-2-NHNH2 produced potent anti-allodynic effects ipsilaterally in neuropathic pain model. Judging from the area under the curve (AUC) values, these two analogs exhibited higher antinociception than their parent peptides. Moreover, they also displayed significant antinociceptive effects in the contralateral paw administered intrathecally. Interestingly, EM-1 and its analog EM-1-NHNH2 displayed their antinociception probably by µ2-opioid receptor subtype since the µ1-opioid receptor antagonist naloxonazine didn't significantly block the anti-allodynia of EM-1 and EM-1-NHNH2, which implied a same opioid mechanism. However, the anti-allodynia induced by EM-2, but not EM-2-NHNH2 was significantly reduced by both µ1-opioid antagonist, naloxonazine and κ-antagonist, nor-binaltorphamine (nor-BNI), indicating multiple opioid receptors were involved in the anti-allodynic effects of EM-2. Most importantly, EM-1-NHNH2 decreased the antinociceptive tolerance, and EM-2-NHNH2 displayed non-tolerance-forming antinociception. Therefore, C-terminal amide to hydrazide conversion changed the spinal antinociceptive profiles of EMs in neuropathic pain. The present investigation is of great value in the development of novel opioid therapeutics against neuropathic pain.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(68): 9870-9873, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840531

RESUMO

Glycoproteins always participate in various biological processes. Selective separation and enrichment of glycoproteins are of great significance for the research of pathogenesis. Herein, macroporous polymer microspheres were fabricated, and further functionalized by polyoxometalate. Thus, a simple, efficient and highly selective approach was constructed for glycoprotein enrichment from a complex matrix. The as-prepared material shows promise as a potential adsorbent in bio-separation and downstream clinical applications.

14.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-13, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32820705

RESUMO

Archaea are a group of primary life forms on Earth and could thrive in many unique environments. Their successful colonization of extreme niches requires corresponding adaptations at proteogenomic level in order to maintain stable cellular structures and active physiological functions. Although some studies have already investigated the extremophilic lifestyles of archaeal species based on genomic features and protein structures, there is a lack of comparative proteogenomic analysis in a large scale. In this study, we explored 686 high-quality archaeal genomes (proteomes) sourced from the Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC) database. General patterns of genomic features such as genome size, coding capacity (coding genes and non-coding regions), and G + C contents were re-confirmed. Protein domain distribution patterns were then identified across archaeal species. Domains with unknown functions (DUFs) and mini proteins were investigated in terms of their distributions due to their importance in archaeal physiological functions. In addition, physicochemical properties of protein sequences, such as stability, hydrophobicity, isoelectric point, aromaticity and amino acid compositions in corresponding archaeal groups were compared. Unique features associated with extremophilic lifestyles were observed, which suggested that evolutionary adaptations to different extreme environments had intrinsic impacts on archaeal protein features. Taken together, this systematic study facilitates a better understanding of the mechanisms behind the extremophilic lifestyles of archaeal species, which will further contribute to the evolutionary explorations of archaeal adaptations both experimentally and theoretically in the future studies. Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

15.
Toxicol Lett ; 333: 170-183, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795487

RESUMO

Paraquat (PQ) poisoning-induced pulmonary fibrosis always results in fatal harm to patients. Our study aimed to investigate the functions of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in PQ-induced pulmonary fibrosis. By comparing the proteomic profiles of rat lung tissues using protein array in the absence or presence of PQ, the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling, as a fibrosis-related pathway, was discovered to be profoundly activated by PQ. The protein levels of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling components including MMP-2, ß-catenin, Wnt3a, Wnt10b, Cyclin D1, and WISP1 were increased in PQ-treated rat lung tissues. Surprisingly, PQ was found to be able to promote lung epithelial cells and fibroblasts differentiating into myofibroblasts by activating Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Dickkopf-1 (DKK1), an antagonist of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, could inhibit the myofibroblast differentiation and attenuate PQ-induced pulmonary fibrogenesis in vitro and in vivo. The expression levels of fibroblasts markers Vimentin, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and Collagen I was detected and found to be increased when PQ treated and restored with additional DKK1 treatment. In summary, these assays indicated that Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway played a regulatory role in the differentiation of lung epithelial cells and fibroblasts, and the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis related to PQ. Inhibition of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway may be investigated further as a potential fibrosis suppressor for pulmonary fibrosis therapy.

16.
ACS Nano ; 14(9): 11169-11177, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816458

RESUMO

The control of layer thickness and phase structure in two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (2D TMDCs) like MoTe2 has recently gained much attention due to their broad applications in nanoelectronics and nanophotonics. Continuous-wave laser-based thermal treatment has been demonstrated to realize layer thinning and phase engineering in MoTe2, but requires long heating time and is largely influenced by the thermal dissipation of the substrate. The ultrafast laser produces a different response but is yet to be explored. In this work, we report the nonlinear optical interactions between MoTe2 crystals and femtosecond (fs) laser, where we have realized the nonlinear optical characterization, precise layer thinning, and phase transition in MoTe2 using a single fs laser platform. By using the fs laser with a low fluence as an excitation light source, we observe the strong nonlinear optical signals of second-harmonic generation and four-wave mixing in MoTe2, which can be used to identify the odd-even layers and layer numbers, respectively. With increasing the laser fluence to the ablation threshold (Fth), we achieve layer-by-layer removal of MoTe2, while 2H-to-1T' phase transition occurs with a higher laser fluence (2Fth to 3Fth). Moreover, we obtain highly ordered subwavelength nanoripples on both the thick and few-layer MoTe2 with a controlled fluence, which can be attributed to the fs laser-induced reorganization of the molten plasma. Our study provides a simple and efficient ultrafast laser-based approach capable of characterizing the structures and modifying the physical properties of 2D TMDCs.

17.
Bioresour Technol ; 317: 123990, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32799086

RESUMO

This study aimed to provide insights into prediction of composting ecological functioning through analyzing the critical bacterial populations and functions. The bacterial ecosystem functioning was essential, and cow dung, chicken manure, mushroom dreg and Chinese medicine residues were used as raw materials to quantify and predict the functioning of bacterial communities through synthetic spike-in standards accompanied Illumina sequencing and PICRUSt. Bacterial community of wheat straw and chicken manure compost (SCM) was similar to mushroom dreg and chicken manure compost (MCM), and Sinibacillus dominated in both treatments with the abundance of 20.73% and 41.36%, respectively. The correlation analysis between bacterial community and fluorescence EEM regional integration parameters showed that Lactobacillus (0.889), Enterococcus (0.888) and Erysipelothri (0.903) were positively correlated with PV, n / PIII, n. The ontology analysis results showed that metabolism, genetic information processing, environmental information processing and cellular processes were the primary functions for bacterial community in all treatments.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Animais , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos , Bovinos , Ecossistema , Feminino , Esterco , Solo
18.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(8): 651, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811812

RESUMO

We previously discovered that rs7911488T>C in pre-miR-1307 was closely correlated to the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the roles of rs7911488 in CRC are still largely unknown. Here we explored the roles of rs7911488 in the growth and metastasis of CRC. We firstly generated cell lines SW480-T and SW480-C for stable expression of rs7911488 T-allelic and C-allelic pre-miR-1307, respectively. We subcutaneously grafted the cells into nude mice. We found that SW480-T tumors with high expression of miR-1307 obviously grew faster than the SW480-C tumors. Moreover, liver metastases (5/8) were observed in the mice bearing SW480-T tumors but not the SW480-C tumor-bearing mice. The results from colony formation assays, transwell assays, and wound healing assays demonstrated that the proliferative and metastatic abilities of SW480-T cells were evidently more potent than the SW480-C cells. Then we utilized gene array, real-time PCR, western blotting, and dual-luciferase reporter assays to figure out that miR-1307 directly inhibited PPRX1 expression by binding to its 3'-UTR. Thereafter, we confirmed that the proliferative and metastatic abilities of SW480 and HCT-116 cells were markedly enhanced by miR-1307, but were suppressed by PRRX1. Moreover, the regulatory roles of miR-1307 in the proliferation and metastasis of CRC cells were reversed by PRRX1. Notably, we also found that PRRX1 repressed CRC tumor growth in nude mice. In summary, our current study revealed that rs7911488-T allele led to over-expression of miR-1307, which inhibited PRRX1 and consequently promoted the proliferation and migration of CRC cells. This might offer a novel insight into the progression of CRC.

19.
Chin J Nat Med ; 18(8): 620-627, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768169

RESUMO

Platelet microparticles (PMPs) are membrane particles derived from the platelet membrane that enter into the blood circulation. We sought to explore the therapeutic effects of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu Decoction (THSWD) on angiogenesis in a rat model of cerebral ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R). The protective effect of THSWD on I/R rats was observed morphologically by immunohistochemical expression of VEGF and CD34, along with immunofluorescence results of co-expression of BrdU and vWF. Then, PMPs from different groups of rats were extracted, and cytokine array analysis was used to screen for angiogenesis associated proteins. The results showed that THSWD can promote the expression of VEGF, CD34, BrdU and vWF. Cytokine array analysis revealed the changes in the expression of 29 related angiogenic proteins in the total protein of PMPs, which involved the Notch signalling pathway. Compared with model group, the expression levels of NICD and Hes-1 in the THSWD group were significantly increased. In the context of I/R, the angiogenesis-related proteins of PMPs are different. THSWD may involve the promotion of activation of the Notch signalling pathway to achieve therapeutic effects on cerebral ischaemia.

20.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23536, 2020 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, several high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) tests have been developed. The assay capabilities need to be systematically reviewed. Here, we compared the clinical sample performance of three novel HR-HPV assays (Liferiver, Yaneng, and Darui) based on different platforms with the widely adopted cobas4800 test. METHODS: A total of 346 cervical swabs from women who were screened for cervical cancer were analyzed for the presence of 14 HR-HPV genotypes. The distinction between the four assays was investigated by the genotyping and direct sequencing. RESULTS: The positive rates of the four assays ranged from 61.56% to 64.16%. The overall concordance was 88.15%. The Yaneng assays displayed the best sensitivity (100%) and specificity (98.43%). The sensitivity (98.17%) and specificity (98.43%) of the Darui assay were superior to those of the cobas4800 test (97.72% and 93.70%, respectively). The Liferiver assay displayed comparable sensitivity with the cobas4800 test (95.89% and 97.72%, respectively). The specificity of the cobas4800 was lower than that of the Liferiver assay (93.70% vs. 97.64%). CONCLUSIONS: The three novel HR-HPV assays displayed good agreement with the cobas4800 test. The analytical performance of all four fulfilled the requirements of sensitivity and specificity for HR-HPV detection.

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