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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 441: 129820, 2023 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103762

RESUMO

It is difficult to dispose diethylhexyl phthalate-rich polyvinyl chloride (DEHP-rich PVC) waste due to the high level of chlorine and plasticizer. On the other hand, the denitrification of urine wastewater with high nitrogen content also faces great challenges. In this study, a synergistic treatment strategy was developed for the DEHP-rich PVC waste and urine wastewater by a subcritical water process. Subcritical urine wastewater (SUW) was used as a reaction medium in the synergistic treatment. PVC dechlorination, DEHP decomposition, and denitrification of urine wastewater were synchronously achieved in the one pot SUW. Under the optimal conditions (300 °C, 15 min, 1:5 g/mL), the PVC dechlorination ratio, urine wastewater denitrification ratio and DEHP decomposition ratio could reach 98.4%, 64.9%, and 99.2%, respectively. The decomposition of DEHP mainly included hydrolysis, nucleophilic substitution, and acylation. DEHP could be converted into phthalic acid crystal at 220 °C with a yield of 66.25% due to the efficient hydrolysis action of SUW. All the removed Cl was transferred from PVC matrix to aqueous phase. Hydroxyl nucleophilic substitution is the principal dechlorination path of PVC. The reactions between N-containing species and DEHP in SUW resulted in the high-efficiency denitrification of urine wastewater, and the N element was fixed in solid residue or transferred to oil phase as amides compounds. It is believed that the proposed SUW process is a promising technology for the synergistic treatment of DEHP-rich PVC waste and urine wastewater.


Assuntos
Dietilexilftalato , Plastificantes , Amidas , Cloro , Desnitrificação , Dietilexilftalato/química , Nitrogênio , Ácidos Ftálicos , Cloreto de Polivinila/química , Águas Residuárias , Água
2.
Bioresour Technol ; 367: 128253, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334868

RESUMO

Improper disposal of antibiotic fermentation dregs poses a risk of releasing antibiotics and antibiotic resistant bacteria to the environment. Therefore, this study evaluated the effects of biochar addition to lincomycin fermentation dregs (LFDs) composting. Biochar increased compost temperature and enhanced organic matter decomposition and residual antibiotics removal. Moreover, a 1.5- to 17.0-fold reduction in antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) was observed. Adding biochar also reduced the abundances of persistent ARGs hosts (e.g., Streptomyces, Pseudomonas) and ARG-related metabolic pathways and genes (e.g., ATP-binding cassette type-2 transport, signal transduction and multidrug efflux pump genes). By contrast, compost decomposition improved due to enhanced metabolism of carbohydrates and amino acids. Overall, adding biochar into LFDs compost reduced the proliferation of ARGs and enhanced microbial community metabolism. These results demonstrate that adding biochar to LFDs compost is a simple and efficient way to decrease risks associated with LFDs composting.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Lincomicina , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Fermentação , Esterco/microbiologia , Genes Bacterianos/genética , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética
3.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 11(10): 2079-2093, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386454

RESUMO

Background: Cuproptosis or copper-dependent cell death is a newly identified non-apoptotic cell death pathway which plays a critical role in the development of multiple cancers. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are increasingly recognized as crucial regulators of programmed cell death and lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) development, and a comprehensive understanding of cuproptosis-related lncRNAs may improve prognosis prediction of LUAD. However, few studies have explored the association of cuproptosis-related lncRNAs with the prognosis of LUAD. Methods: The RNA sequencing data and corresponding clinical information of patients were extracted from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Five hundred LUAD patients were randomly divided into a training (n=250) and a testing cohort (n=250). Pearson correlations were performed to identify cuproptosis-related lncRNAs, and univariate Cox regression was performed to screen prognostic lncRNAs. A cuproptosis-related lncRNAs prognostic signature (CLPS) was constructed by the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator Cox regression. Kaplan-Meier analysis, receiver operating characteristic curves, and multivariate Cox regression were performed to verify the prognostic performance of CLPS. Additionally, immune cell infiltration was estimated using the single-sample gene-set enrichment analysis. pRRophetic algorithm and Tumor Immune Dysfunction and Exclusion algorithm were used to assess the immunotherapy and chemotherapy response, respectively. Results: CLPS was established based on 61 cuproptosis-related prognostic lncRNAs and exhibited a satisfactory performance predicting LUAD patients' survival (area under the curve at 1, 3, 5 years was 0.784, 0.749, 0.775, respectively). multivariate Cox analysis confirmed the independent prognostic effect of CLPS (hazard ratio: 1.128; 95% confidence interval: 1.071-1.189; P<0.001), and a nomogram containing it exhibited robust validity in prognostic prediction. We further demonstrated a higher CLPS-risk score was associated with lower levels of signatures including immune cell infiltration, immune activation, and immune checkpoints. Conclusions: The CLPS serves as an effective predictor for the prognosis and therapeutic responses of LUAD patients. Our findings provide promising novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets for LUAD.

4.
Front Psychol ; 13: 1021969, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389516

RESUMO

In order to alleviate the increasing employment pressure of vocational college students, the current study is an attempt to explore the factors of entrepreneurial intention affecting vocational college students. The study investigates whether entrepreneurial self-efficacy and attitude mediate this relationship between creativity and entrepreneurial intentions using the theory of planned behavior (TPB). In particular, this research also examines whether risk propensity moderates the relationship. An empirical survey is conducted and a total of 500 valid questionnaires are collected through online platforms. The data is analyzed by employing Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling and SPSS20.0. The results indicate that self-efficacy is the strongest antecedent of entrepreneurial intention. Social support is found to directly influence entrepreneurial intention significantly, while the direct effect of creativity on intention is very marginal. Moreover, the results of the mediation analysis show that the relationship between creativity and entrepreneurial intention is fully mediated by self-efficacy and attitude, while the effect of social support on entrepreneurial intention is partially mediated. Specifically, the moderation effect of risk propensity on the relationship between creativity and entrepreneurial intention is acknowledged. Concrete suggestions are proposed for vocational colleges and governments to promote students' entrepreneurial intentions. Finally, implications for the findings are provided.

5.
Metab Brain Dis ; 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36374407

RESUMO

Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of microRNAs (miRNAs) may alter miRNA transcription, maturation and target specificity, thus affecting stroke susceptibility. We aimed to investigate whether miR-200b and miR-495 SNPs may be associated with ischemic stroke (IS) risk and further explore underlying mechanisms including related genes and pathways. MiR-200b rs7549819 and miR-495 rs2281611 polymorphisms were genotyped among 712 large-artery atherosclerosis (LAA) stroke patients and 1,076 controls in a case-control study. Bioinformatic analyses were performed to explore potential association of miR-200b/495 with IS and to examine the effects of these two SNPs on miR-200b/495. Furthermore, we evaluated the association between these two SNPs and stroke using the public GWAS datasets. In our case-control study, rs7549819 was significantly associated with a decreased risk of LAA stroke (OR = 0.73, 95% CI = 0.58-0.92; p = 0.007), while rs2281611 had no significant association with LAA stroke risk. These results were consistent with the findings in East Asians from the GIGASTROKE study. Combined effects analysis revealed that individuals with 2-4 protective alleles (miR-200bC and miR-495 T) exhibited lower risk of LAA stroke than those with 0-1 variants (OR = 0.76, 95% CI = 0.61-0.96; p = 0.021). Bioinformatic analyses showed that miR-200b and miR-495 were significantly associated with genes and pathways related to IS pathogenesis, and rs7549819 and rs2281611 markedly influenced miRNA expression and structure. MiR-200b rs7549819 polymorphism and the combined genotypes of miR-200b rs7549819 and miR-495 rs2281611 polymorphisms were associated with decreased risk of LAA stroke in Chinese population.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348236

RESUMO

Recently, electrolysis technology has been widely applied in nitrogen and phosphorus removal in river water due to its high efficiency, but its effects on aquatic animals, especially on their neurodevelopmental system, are still unclear. In this study, zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos were used as model organisms and were put into an electrolytic reaction device with a Ti/IrO2/RuO2 mesh plate as the anode and a Ti mesh plate as the cathode to explore the effects of prolonged electrolysis on the nervous system. The neural development of zebrafish embryos was injured when the current density was greater than 0.89 A/m2. Compared with the control group, the movement speed of zebrafish larvae (120 h postfertilization, hpf) was significantly reduced from 65.48 ± 23.69 to 48.08 ± 22.73 mm/min in a dark environment with an electric current density of 0.89 A/m2 in the electrolysis group. In addition, the acetylcholinesterase activity of zebrafish larvae (120 hpf) gradually decreased from 7.60 ± 0.55 to 6.00 ± 0.01 U/mg prot and the dopamine concentration was reduced from 46.96 ± 0.85 to 40.86 ± 1.05 pg/mL with an electric current density from 0 to 0.89 A/m2 in the electrolysis groups. Furthermore, the expression of nerve-related genes (syn2a, mbp, nestin, and AChE) was significantly inhibited when the current density was more than 0.89 A/m2. However, there were few adverse effects on the neural development of zebrafish embryos when the current density was less than 0.86 A/m2. Thus, a current density of 0.86 A/m2 is a reference value to reduce the harm to the neural development of fish when electrolysis technology is used in river water pollutant treatment.

7.
Chem Biol Interact ; 369: 110240, 2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397609

RESUMO

Fumonisin B1 (FB1) and ochratoxin A (OTA) possess nephrotoxicity to animals and widely co-exist in food and feedstuffs. FB1 rarely, while OTA often, causes toxicosis in animals. Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) resists lung injury induced by pneumolysin, but whether Hsp70 could remission mycotoxins-induced renal injury is still unknown. The present study aims to explore the impacts of nontoxic doses of FB1 on OTA-induced nephrotoxicity and the protective roles of Hsp70. In the mycotoxins-challenge experiment, ICR mice were co-exposed to nontoxic doses of FB1 (0, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0 mg/kg bw, IP) and toxic dose of OTA (0.4 mg/kg bw, IP) for 16 d. The results showed that the levels of BUN, Cr, MDA in serum, the Cyto C in renal tubes or glomerulus, pro-apoptosis genes and p-JNK protein expression in kidney were significantly increased. Histopathological results revealed the glomerular swelling. The above all indexes were dose-dependent. In the protection experiment, the mice were pretreated with the eukaryotic plasmid of pEGFP-C3-Hsp70, these increasing parameters in the mycotoxins-challenge experiment were reversed. In vitro, after pK-15 cells were treated with 8 µM FB1 and 5 µM OTA for 48 h, the mitochondrial membrane potential was significantly reduced, mitochondrial ROS was remarkably increased, more Cyto C was leaked from mitochondria into cytoplasm, and pro-apoptosis genes were significantly up-regulated. After the Hsp70 level was up-regulated by pEGFP-C3-Hsp70 or ML346 in pK-15 cells, these above indexes were reversed. However, activation of JNK by anisomycin significantly suppressed the protective effects of Hsp70. Our results demonstrate that the nontoxic doses of FB1 exacerbate the toxic dose of OTA-induced renal injury, while Hsp70 alleviates renal injury by inhibiting the JNK/MAPK signaling pathway. Hsp70 up-regulation may be an efficient strategy for protecting against tissue damage and bio-function impairment induced by co-exposure to FB1 and OTA.

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 999115, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204230

RESUMO

Background: Liu Jun An Wei formula (LJAW), derived from "Liu Jun Zi Decoction", is a classical prescription of Tradition Chinese Medicine and has been used for the treatment of gastrointestinal reactions caused by chemotherapy for colorectal cancer (CRC) for many years. Its molecular mechanism remains to be further explored. Objective: To clarify the mechanism of LJAW in attenuating gastrointestinal reactions caused by chemotherapy for CRC. Methods: The 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) induced mouse and intestine organoid models were established to observe the effect of LJAW. The ingredients of LJAW were analyzed and identified by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technology. Targets of LJAW and chemotherapy-induced gastrointestinal reactions were collected from several databases. "Ingredient-target" network and protein-protein interaction network were constructed based on network pharmacology. Then, gene ontology (GO) functional analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were performed. Subsequently, molecular docking method was used to verify the interaction between the core ingredients and key targets. The results were validated by both in vivo experiments and organoid experiments. Western Blot was used to analyze the influence of LJAW on key targets including PI3K, AKT1, MAPK1, MAPK14 proteins and their phosphorylated proteins. RT-qPCR and Western Blot were used to detect the mRNA and protein levels of apoptosis-related gene PUMA. Results: Compared with the 5-FU group, the LJAW group had better morphology in mouse small intestine and intestine organoids. In total, 18 core ingredients and 19 key targets were obtained from 97 ingredients and 169 common targets. KEGG analysis showed that the common targets were involved in PI3K/Akt, MAPK, apoptosis and other signal pathways, which are closely related to gastrointestinal injury. Experiments confirmed that LJAW lowered the expressions of phosphorylated proteins including p-PI3K, p-AKT1, p-MAPK1, and p-MAPK14 and reduced the mRNA and protein levels of PUMA. Conclusion: LJAW shows protective effect on 5-FU induced small intestine and intestinal organoids injury. LJAW attenuates gastrointestinal reactions caused by chemotherapy for CRC probably by regulating apoptosis-related genes through PI3K/AKT and MAPK signaling pathways.

10.
Neurotherapeutics ; 2022 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36195697

RESUMO

Prior studies on anterior circulation stroke have demonstrated that the benefits of endovascular treatment (EVT) may be absent in patients with poor collaterals. Our study focused on patients with basilar artery occlusion (BAO) to investigate time-dependent EVT effects according to the posterior circulation collateral score (PC-CS). The BASILAR study was a nationwide prospective Chinese registry of consecutive BAO patients. Patients were divided into groups receiving standard medical therapy alone (SMT group) or SMT plus EVT (EVT group). Restricted cubic spline analyses (RCSA) were performed to explore the nonlinear and linear relationships between EVT time and outcomes for different PC-CS. We included 828 patients with acute BAO. Compared with the poor collateral (PC-CS 0-3), the adjusted odds ratio of favorable outcome was 1.311 in patients with moderate (PC-CS 4-5) (95% CI, 0.781-2.201) and 1.899 with good (PC-CS 6-10) collateral (1.125-3.207) for EVT. RCSA revealed that in patients with PC-CS 0-3, the favorable outcome probability after EVT significantly decreased to 10% within 6 h and stabilized thereafter (Pnonlinearity = 0.035), while in patients with moderate and good collateral, the probability was maintained at approximately 30% and 40% respectively, even beyond 6 h (all Pnonlinearity > 0.05). Among patients with BAO, good collateral circulation was independently associated with improved outcomes along with the usage of thrombectomy. Patients with poor collaterals should receive EVT as early as possible, especially within 6 h of symptom onset, while the time window may be extended in patients with moderate and good collaterals. Unique identifier: ChiCTR1800014759.

11.
Clin Exp Med ; 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36219365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have uncovered that the aberrant expression of LINC00665 contributes to the malignant pathological process of various cancers and is closely related to the unfavorable prognosis of patients with cancer. However, a systematic analysis of the prognostic and clinicopathologic values of LINC00665 in cancers has not been conducted. OBJECTIVE: We aim to clarify the association of LINC00665 expression with patient survival and clinicopathologic phenotypes in cancers. METHODS: An electronic search of PubMed, Embase and Web of Science was performed to select eligible literature. Pooled hazard ratio (HR) and odds ratio (OR) were calculated to assess the clinical importance of LINC00665. The fixed-effects model was used to analyze the combined HR values and 95% CI when the studies had no significant heterogeneity (P > 0.1 for the Chi-square test or I2 < 50%). Begg's test and sensitivity analysis were also conducted. This study was registered in The International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO registration number: CRD42021290123). RESULTS: A total of 710 patients from 10 eligible studies were enrolled in this meta-analysis, which was based on China population. The pooled results of this analysis revealed that high-level expression of LINC00665 was notably correlated with poor overall survival (HR = 2.08, 95% CI = 1.57-2.75) and recurrence-free survival (HR = 2.49, 95% CI = 1.63-3.80) in human cancers. Elevated LINC00665 expression was also correlated with more advanced clinical stage, earlier lymph node metastasis, lower tumor differentiation, earlier distant metastasis and larger tumor size. CONCLUSION: LINC00665 expression was critically related to the cancer prognosis, which has important prognostic implications for clinical prediction.

12.
J Clin Pharm Ther ; 47(11): 1837-1844, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36200429

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the safety profile of trastuzumab deruxtecan (T-DXd, formerly DS-8201a) using multi-source medical data. METHODS: We explored trastuzumab deruxtecan related adverse events (AEs) in clinical trials available in ClinicalTrials.gov and electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE and PubMed) up to July 16, 2022. Meta-analysis was performed by using incidence rate with 95%CIs. In the pharmacovigilance study of FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS), the reporting odds ratio (ROR) and the medicines and healthcare products regulatory agency (MHRA) methods were used to analyse the real-world AEs (up to June 28, 2022). RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: A 8 clinical trials enrolled 1457 patients were included. The most common AEs of any grade were gastrointestinal disorders and blood and lymphatic system disorders. The most common AE of grade 3 or higher was neutropenia (21.4%, 95%CI: 14.7%-28.1%, I2  = 91%). The incidence of interstitial lung disease (ILD) and decreased left ventricular ejection fraction were 10.9% (95%CI: 7.2%-14.5%, I2  = 82%) and 1.2% (95%CI: 0.7%-2.2%, I2  = 98%), respectively. A total of 1244 AE reports were identified in the pharmacovigilance study. Gastrointestinal toxicity (ROR = 21.65), myelosuppression (ROR = 36.88), interstitial lung disease (ROR = 50.30), pneumonitis (ROR = 36.59), decreased ejection fraction (ROR = 16.08), and taste disorder (ROR = 14.06) mentioned in the instructions showed strong signals. Also, ascites (ROR = 14.90), lung opacity (ROR = 78.80), pulmonary fibrosis (ROR = 5.59), and increased KL-6 (ROR = 1761.97), which were not mentioned in the instructions, showed strong signals. WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: Trastuzumab deruxtecan was well tolerated, and more attention should be paid on ILD as well as decreased ejection fraction.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Farmacovigilância , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos
13.
J Immunother Cancer ; 10(10)2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36253001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The addition of cetuximab significantly increased the antitumor effect of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitors in recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, preliminary analyses suggested that human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive disease benefited less than HPV-negative disease. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to assess whether the efficacy of the combination therapy varied according to HPV status in HNSCC. METHODS: We identified clinical trials of patients with recurrent or metastatic HNSCC who received PD-1 inhibitor monotherapy or the combination therapy of cetuximab plus a PD-1 inhibitor. The participants were divided into four groups based on the type of therapy (combination vs monotherapy) and HPV status (positive vs negative). We focused on three comparisons (monotherapy vs combination therapy by HPV status and HPV-positive vs HPV-negative disease in combination therapy). The primary and secondary endpoints were objective response rate (ORR) and 1-year overall survival (OS) rate, respectively. The ORR and 1-year OS rate were pooled using random-effects models for each group and were compared for the different comparisons. RESULTS: Overall, 802 patients from seven trials were eligible for the ORR assessment; of which, 684 patients received PD-1 inhibitor monotherapy and 118 patients underwent the combination therapy. Compared with PD-1 inhibitor monotherapy, the addition of cetuximab improved the ORR in HPV-negative disease (pooled ORR in monotherapy vs combination therapy: 15% vs 46%, p<0.001) but not in HPV-positive disease (17% vs 18%, p=0.686). The efficacy of adding cetuximab was consistent for the 1-year OS rate in HPV-negative disease (pooled 1-year OS rate in monotherapy vs combination therapy: 36% vs 59%, p<0.001) and in HPV-positive disease (40% vs 55%, p=0.252). After the combination therapy, HPV-positive disease had a significantly lower ORR than HPV-negative disease (odds ratio: 0.29, p=0.004), but no differences were shown in the 1-year OS rate. CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis suggests that the addition of cetuximab to a PD-1 inhibitor is more effective compared with PD-1 inhibitor monotherapy only in patients with HPV-negative HNSCC. Despite the retrospective nature of this meta-analysis, these findings should help in designing relevant clinical trials rationally.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Cetuximab/farmacologia , Cetuximab/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Papillomaviridae , Infecções por Papillomavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico
14.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 155: 113810, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36271581

RESUMO

The human gut microbiota is a complex ecosystem involved in the metabolism, immunity, and health of the host. The microbiome plays a key role in the development of the host's innate and adaptive immune system, while the immune system orchestrates the maintenance of host-microbe symbiosis. Lung diseases are usually accompanied by dysbiosis of the intestinal flora and an immune-inflammatory response. The intestinal flora and its metabolites are directly or indirectly involved in the immune regulation of the host in lung disease. However, the exact mechanism of action of the gut-lung axis crosstalk remains unclear. This review is aimed to summarize the latest advances in gut microbiota and their metabolites in typical lung diseases, such as pulmonary hypertension, COPD, and lung cancer. Especially COVID-19, a problem troubling the world, is also discussed in it. Moreover, it is concentrated on the action mechanisms between the identified gut microbiota or their metabolites and the specific lung diseases, and on the link among the gut microbiota, its metabolites, and immune regulation, which could be used as a breakthrough to find new mechanisms and targets for some diseases without specific therapeutic drugs in clinic. It is also discussed a new therapeutic tool "drug-bacterial interaction" and the potential of therapeutic applications in clinic. This review would provide a clear direction for future research on gut microbiota and lung diseases, and propose a new therapeutic strategy targeting "drug-bacterial interaction" in clinic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Humanos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Disbiose/microbiologia , Sistema Imunitário , Bactérias
15.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 90: 106186, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36201932

RESUMO

This present work underlines the effect of pH-shifting at pH 2 and pH 12 individually or combined with ultrasound treatment to modify the molecular structure of ß-conglycinin (7S) on its emulsifying properties and stability. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and intrinsic fluorescence spectroscopy showed that pH-shifting improves the molecular structure of 7S, while ultrasound further promotes structural changes. In particular, the pH-shifting at pH 12 combined with ultrasound treatment (U-7S-12) resulted in more significant changes than the pH-shifting at pH 2 combined with ultrasound (U-7S-2). U-7S-12 showed a significant reduction in protein particle size from 152 to 34.77 nm and a relatively smooth protein surface compared to 7S. The protein had the highest surface hydrophobicity and flexibility at 81,560.0 and 0.45, respectively, and the free sulfhydryl content from 1.57 to 2.02 µmol/g. In addition, we characterized the emulsions prepared after 7S treatment. The single or combined treatment increased the interfacial protein adsorption of the samples, which showed lower viscosity and shear stress compared to 7S. The U-7S-12 emulsion exhibited the highest emulsifying properties and was more stable than other emulsions under creaming, heating, and freeze-thaw conditions. In summary, the concerted action of pH-shifting and ultrasound can modify the structure, and combined alkaline pH-shifting and ultrasound treatment can further improve the emulsifying properties and stability of 7S.


Assuntos
Globulinas , Globulinas/química , Proteínas de Armazenamento de Sementes/química , Proteínas de Soja/química , Emulsões/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
17.
Front Genet ; 13: 996950, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36246663

RESUMO

Background: The non-negligible role of epigenetic modifications in cancer development and tumor microenvironment (TME) has been demonstrated in recent studies. Nonetheless, the potential regulatory role of N7-methylguanosine (m7G) modification in shaping and impacting the TME remains unclear. Methods: A comprehensive analysis was performed to explore the m7G modification patterns based on 24 potential m7G regulators in 817 lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients, and the TME landscape in distinct m7G modification patterns were evaluated. The m7G score was established based on principal component analysis (PCA) to quantify m7G modification patterns and evaluate the TME cell infiltrating characteristics of individual tumors. Further, correlation analyses of m7Gscore with response to chemotherapy and immunotherapy were performed. Results: We identified three distinct m7G modification patterns with the biological pathway enrichment and TME cell infiltrating characteristics corresponded to immune-desert, immune-inflamed and immune-excluded phenotype, respectively. We further demonstrated the m7Gscore could predict the TME infiltrating characteristics, tumor mutation burden (TMB), response to immunotherapy and chemotherapy, as well as prognosis of individual tumors. High m7Gscore was associated with increased component of immune cell infiltration, low TMB and survival advantage, while low m7Gscore was linked to decreased immune cell infiltration and increased TMB. Additionally, patients with lower m7Gscore demonstrated significant therapeutic advantages. Conclusion: This study demonstrated the regulatory mechanisms of m7G modification on TME formation and regulation of lung adenocarcinoma. Identification of individual tumor m7G modification patterns will contribute to the understanding of TME characterization and guiding more effective immunotherapy strategies.

18.
Front Psychol ; 13: 980049, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36248493

RESUMO

Colour is an important guideline for selection and consumption. It also draws attention to the designers, as some modern design styles require them to illustrate the taste of the product with a limited number of colours. In this case, a precise description of the taste-colour association is required. The present study explored the colour-taste crossmodal association of two tastes, crisp and dry, which are normally found in beers and are the preferred flavours of Chinese consumers. Experiments were carried out to determine the characteristics of the colours associated with the two tastes. And the strength of the tastes perceived from the colours with different hue angles was investigated. The results of this study reveal that the hue and chroma can both affect the perception of these tastes. Both tastes can be perceived from the same colour, but the strength of the taste can be varied from different hues.

19.
Pharmaceutics ; 14(10)2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36297429

RESUMO

Docetaxel (DTX)-based formulation development is still confronted with significant challenges, due to its refractory solubility and side effects on normal tissues. Inspired by the application of the transdermal drug delivery model to topical treatment, we developed a biocompatible and slow-release DTX-containing emulsion via self-assembly prepared by a high-speed electric stirring method and optimized the formulation. The results of accelerated the emulsion stability experiment showed that the emulsion prepared at 10,000 rpm/min had a stability of 89.15 ± 2.05%. The ADME, skin irritation, skin toxicity and molecular interaction between DTX and excipients were predicted via Discovery Studio 2016 software. In addition, DTX addition in oil or water phases of the emulsion showed different release rates in vitro and ex vivo. The DTX release ex vivo of the DTX/O-containing emulsion and the DTX/W-containing emulsion were 45.07 ± 5.41% and 96.48 ± 4.54%, respectively. In vitro antioxidant assays and anti-lipid peroxidation models revealed the antioxidant potential of DTX. However, DTX-containing emulsions could maintain and even enhance the antioxidant effect, both scavenging free radicals in vitro and inhibiting the process of lipid peroxidation.

20.
Front Psychol ; 13: 1004007, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36225704

RESUMO

Building a flexible supply chain can enable the firms to manage their supply chains to adapt effectively to dynamic market demand changes and thus guarantee their accelerated growth in the future. In this vein, this study aims to address several important issues in supply chain management by considering two characteristics of blockchain technology (i.e., information transparency and security of blockchain technology) and exploring the specific conditions under which firms are likely to develop trust in supply chain management. Furthermore, we argue that such supply chain trust is vital to the success of achieving and increasing supply chain flexibility. In addition, we propose that top management teams' digital leadership within the firms plays a vital role in moderating the contribution of each dimension of blockchain technology to supply chain trust. Using data from a large sample of 338 firms in China, we perform structural equation modeling to examine our conceptual framework empirically. Our results highlight and support the idea that blockchain technology's information transparency and security influence the trust-building in a supply chain and supply chain flexibility and articulate the particular importance of digital leadership in explaining the contribution of different blockchain technology characteristics to trust-building. Our study advances the theoretical, empirical, and managerial analysis of critical factors to build trust and achieve flexibility in supply chains.

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