Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.246
Filtrar
1.
Cureus ; 13(9): e18277, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722055

RESUMO

Multilevel lateral interbody fusion is an acceptable surgical technique in patients with severe degenerative adult spinal deformity (ASD). The current standard-of-care in spine surgery includes the use of patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) to assess post-operative improvement. Objective activity data during the peri-operative period may provide supplementary information for patients recovering from ASD surgery. In this report, we use smartphone-based activity data as an objective outcome measure for a patient who underwent a two-stage operation for ASD corrective surgery: lateral osteotomy and lumbar interbody fusion with posterior column release. An 82-year-old male presented with intractable back pain secondary to severe thoracolumbar scoliotic deformity (Lenke 5BN). Pre-operative images demonstrated the presence of bridging osteophytes over the left lateral aspect of L2-5 disc spaces and over the apex of the lumbar curvature, with significant neuroforaminal stenosis. Surgical correction was completed in two stages: (1) left-sided lateral osteotomy using anterior-to-psoas approach (ATP) in a right lateral decubitus position, and (2) multilevel Ponte osteotomies and instrumented fusion from T10-pelvis. Post-operative radiography showed correction to scoliotic deformity and sagittal misalignment. The patient had developed seroma and wound dehiscence, which was evacuated on post-operative day 11. At 14-month follow-up, the patient reported significant improvement in pain symptoms, corroborated by patient reported outcome measures. To further quantify and assess patient recovery, smartphone-based patient activity data was collected and analyzed to serve as a proxy for the patient's functional improvement. The patient's walking steps-per-day was compared pre- and post-operatively. The patient's pre-operative baseline was 223 steps/day; the patient's activity during immediate post-operative recovery dropped to 179 steps/day; the patient returned to baseline activity levels approximately 3 months after surgery, reaching an average of 216 steps/day. In conclusion, we found that lateral osteotomy through an ATP approach is a powerful tool to restore normal spine alignment and can be successfully performed using anatomic landmarks. Additionally, smartphone-based mobility data can assess pre-operative activity level and allow for remote patient monitoring beyond routine follow-up schedule.

2.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6369, 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737263

RESUMO

The dynamic behavior of the interface between the lithium metal electrode and a solid-state electrolyte plays a critical role in all-solid-state battery performance. The evolution of this interface throughout cycling involves multiscale mechanical and chemical heterogeneity at the micro- and nano-scale. These features are dependent on operating conditions such as current density and stack pressure. Here we report the coupling of operando acoustic transmission measurements with nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and magnetic resonance imaging to correlate changes in interfacial mechanics (such as contact loss and crack formation) with the growth of lithium microstructures during cell cycling. Together, the techniques reveal the chemo-mechanical behavior that governs lithium metal and Li7La3Zr2O12 interfacial dynamics at various stack pressure regimes and with voltage polarization.

3.
N Z Med J ; 134(1545): 106-119, 2021 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788276

RESUMO

AIM: Patients with incurable oesophageal cancer have poor outcomes, with disabling symptoms and a poor quality of life (QOL), which may be improved by oesophageal stenting. We aimed to measure change in symptoms related specifically to oesophageal cancer and overall QOL before and 30 days after stent insertion, to measure adverse effects and to define any patient factors that may be significant in predicting patients who may benefit most. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients in an observational study at Middlemore Hospital, New Zealand, and administered validated QOL- and symptomatology-based questionnaires before and 30 days after stent insertion. Additional patient-related demographics, procedural characteristics, adverse events and outcomes were collected. RESULTS: Between 31 March 2014 and 3 July 2020, 57 patients were initially recruited. Four patients withdrew from the study, and 13 patients died before 30 days. Forty patients (29 males; mean±SD age, 72±12 years) completed the study. A significant improvement was noted at one-month post stent insertion in the overall global QOL score (mean 35 to 46, p=0.01). The most significant score improvements were seen in dysphagia, trouble eating, trouble swallowing saliva and dry mouth (p<0.001). Physical, emotional, cognitive and social functioning did not change. Post-procedural adverse events occurred in 17 patients (43%). A poorer initial level of functioning was associated with reduced improvement in global QOL (p≤0.04). Patients followed-up died a mean of 2.8 months after insertion. CONCLUSION: In patients surviving longer than 30 days, there is significant improvement of overall QOL and dysphagia one-month post oesophageal stent insertion for malignant, palliative dysphagia. Multiple psychosocial facets were unchanged with this intervention. Stent-related adverse events were common.

4.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO2101797, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797699

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Most patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) are older. In this study, we investigated the efficacy and safety of a chemotherapy-free combination with ibrutinib and rituximab (IR) in previously untreated older patients with MCL (age ≥ 65 years). METHODS: We enrolled 50 patients with MCL in this single-institution, single-arm, phase II clinical trial (NCT01880567). Patients with Ki-67% ≥ 50% and blastoid morphology were excluded. Ibrutinib was administered with rituximab up to 2 years with continuation of ibrutinib alone. The primary objective was to assess the overall response rate and safety of IR. In evaluable samples, whole-exome sequencing and bulk RNA sequencing from baseline tissue samples were performed. RESULTS: The median age was 71 years (interquartile range 69-76 years). Sixteen percent of patients had high-risk simplified MCL international prognostic index. The Ki-67% was low (< 30%) in 38 (76%) and moderately high (≥ 30%-50%) in 12 (24%) patients. The best overall response rate was 96% (71% complete response). After a median follow-up of 45 months (interquartile range 24-56 months), 28 (56%) patients came off study for various reasons (including four progression, 21 toxicities, and three miscellaneous reasons). The median progression-free survival and overall survival were not reached, and 3-year survival was 87% and 94%, respectively. None of the patients died on study therapy. Notably, 11 (22%) patients had grade 3 atrial fibrillation. Grade 3-4 myelosuppression was seen in < 5% of patients. Differential overexpression of CCND1, BIRC3, BANK1, SETBP1, AXIN2, and IL2RA was noted in partial responders compared with patients with complete response. CONCLUSION: IR combination is effective in older patients with MCL. Baseline evaluation for cardiovascular risks is highly recommended. Randomized trial is needed for definitive conclusions.

5.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 1280, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773081

RESUMO

Skeletal muscle repair is driven by the coordinated self-renewal and fusion of myogenic stem and progenitor cells. Single-cell gene expression analyses of myogenesis have been hampered by the poor sampling of rare and transient cell states that are critical for muscle repair, and do not inform the spatial context that is important for myogenic differentiation. Here, we demonstrate how large-scale integration of single-cell and spatial transcriptomic data can overcome these limitations. We created a single-cell transcriptomic dataset of mouse skeletal muscle by integration, consensus annotation, and analysis of 23 newly collected scRNAseq datasets and 88 publicly available single-cell (scRNAseq) and single-nucleus (snRNAseq) RNA-sequencing datasets. The resulting dataset includes more than 365,000 cells and spans a wide range of ages, injury, and repair conditions. Together, these data enabled identification of the predominant cell types in skeletal muscle, and resolved cell subtypes, including endothelial subtypes distinguished by vessel-type of origin, fibro-adipogenic progenitors defined by functional roles, and many distinct immune populations. The representation of different experimental conditions and the depth of transcriptome coverage enabled robust profiling of sparsely expressed genes. We built a densely sampled transcriptomic model of myogenesis, from stem cell quiescence to myofiber maturation, and identified rare, transitional states of progenitor commitment and fusion that are poorly represented in individual datasets. We performed spatial RNA sequencing of mouse muscle at three time points after injury and used the integrated dataset as a reference to achieve a high-resolution, local deconvolution of cell subtypes. We also used the integrated dataset to explore ligand-receptor co-expression patterns and identify dynamic cell-cell interactions in muscle injury response. We provide a public web tool to enable interactive exploration and visualization of the data. Our work supports the utility of large-scale integration of single-cell transcriptomic data as a tool for biological discovery.

6.
J Neurosurg Spine ; : 1-9, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767533

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lumbar stenosis treatment has evolved with the introduction of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) techniques. Endoscopic methods take the concepts applied to MIS a step further, with multiple studies showing that endoscopic techniques have outcomes that are similar to those of more traditional approaches. The aim of this study was to perform an updated meta-analysis and systematic review of studies comparing the outcomes between endoscopic (uni- and biportal) and microscopic techniques for the treatment of lumbar stenosis. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, a systematic search was performed using the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Ovid Embase, and PubMed databases from their dates of inception to December 14, 2020. All identified articles were then systematically screened against the following inclusion criteria: 1) studies comparing endoscopic (either uniportal or biportal) with minimally invasive approaches, 2) patient age ≥ 18 years, and 3) diagnosis of lumbar spinal stenosis. Bias was assessed using quality assessment criteria and funnel plots. Meta-analysis using a random-effects model was used to synthesize the metadata. RESULTS: From a total of 470 studies, 14 underwent full-text assessment. Of these 14 studies, 13 comparative studies were included for quantitative analysis, totaling 1406 procedures satisfying all criteria for selection. Regarding postoperative back pain, 9 studies showed that endoscopic methods resulted in significantly lower pain scores compared with MIS (mean difference [MD] -1.0, 95% CI -1.6 to -0.4, p < 0.01). The length of stay data were reported by 7 studies, with endoscopic methods associated with a significantly shorter length of stay versus the MIS technique (MD -2.1 days, 95% CI -2.7 to -1.4, p < 0.01). There was no significant difference with respect to leg visual analog scale scores, Oswestry Disability Index scores, blood loss, surgical time, and complications, and there were not any significant quality or bias concerns. CONCLUSIONS: Both endoscopic and MIS techniques are safe and effective methods for treating patients with symptomatic lumbar stenosis. Patients who undergo endoscopic surgery seem to report less postoperative low-back pain and significantly reduced hospital stay with a trend toward less perioperative blood loss. Future large prospective randomized trials are needed to confirm the findings in this study.

7.
J Neurosurg Spine ; : 1-14, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740175

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have demonstrated the short-term radiographic and clinical benefits of circumferential minimally invasive surgery (cMIS) and hybrid (i.e., minimally invasive anterior or lateral interbody fusion with an open posterior approach) techniques to correct adult spinal deformity (ASD). However, it is not known if these benefits are maintained over longer periods of time. This study evaluated the 2- and 3-year outcomes of cMIS and hybrid correction of ASD. METHODS: A multicenter database was retrospectively reviewed for patients undergoing cMIS or hybrid surgery for ASD. Patients were ≥ 18 years of age and had one of the following: maximum coronal Cobb angle (CC) ≥ 20°, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) > 5 cm, pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis mismatch (PI-LL) ≥ 10°, or pelvic tilt (PT) > 20°. Radiographic parameters were evaluated at the latest follow-up. Clinical outcomes were compared at 2- and 3-year time points and adjusted for age, preoperative CC, levels operated, levels with interbody fusion, presence of L5-S1 anterior lumbar interbody fusion, and upper and lower instrumented vertebral level. RESULTS: Overall, 197 (108 cMIS, 89 hybrid) patients were included with 187 (99 cMIS, 88 hybrid) and 111 (60 cMIS, 51 hybrid) patients evaluated at 2 and 3 years, respectively. The mean (± SD) follow-up duration for cMIS (39.0 ± 13.3 months, range 22-74 months) and hybrid correction (39.9 ± 16.8 months, range 22-94 months) were similar for both cohorts. Hybrid procedures corrected the CC greater than the cMIS technique (adjusted p = 0.022). There were no significant differences in postoperative SVA, PI-LL, PT, and sacral slope (SS). At 2 years, cMIS had lower Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores (adjusted p < 0.001), greater ODI change as a percentage of baseline (adjusted p = 0.006), less visual analog scale (VAS) back pain (adjusted p = 0.006), and greater VAS back pain change as a percentage of baseline (adjusted p = 0.001) compared to hybrid techniques. These differences were no longer significant at 3 years. At 3 years, but not 2 years, VAS leg pain was lower for cMIS compared to hybrid techniques (adjusted p = 0.032). Those undergoing cMIS had fewer overall complications compared to hybrid techniques (adjusted p = 0.006), but a higher odds of pseudarthrosis (adjusted p = 0.039). CONCLUSIONS: In this review of a multicenter database for patients undergoing cMIS and hybrid surgery for ASD, hybrid procedures were associated with a greater CC improvement compared to cMIS techniques. cMIS was associated with superior ODI and back pain at 2 years, but this difference was no longer evident at 3 years. However, cMIS was associated with superior leg pain at 3 years. There were fewer complications following cMIS, with the exception of pseudarthrosis.

8.
J Neurosurg Spine ; : 1-7, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740180

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) results in significant morbidity. The duration of symptoms prior to surgical intervention may be associated with postoperative surgical outcomes and functional recovery. The authors' objective was to investigate whether delayed surgical treatment for DCM is associated with worsened postoperative outcomes. METHODS: Data from 1036 patients across 14 surgical centers in the Quality Outcomes Database were analyzed. Baseline demographic characteristics and findings of preoperative and postoperative symptom evaluations, including duration of symptoms, were assessed. Postoperative functional outcomes were measured using the Neck Disability Index (NDI) and modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) scale. Symptom duration was classified as either less than 12 months or 12 months or greater. Univariable and multivariable regression were used to evaluate for the associations between symptom duration and postoperative outcomes. RESULTS: In this study, 513 patients (49.5%) presented with symptom duration < 12 months, and 523 (50.5%) had symptoms for 12 months or longer. Patients with longer symptom duration had higher BMI and higher prevalence of anxiety and diabetes (all p < 0.05). Symptom duration ≥ 12 months was associated with higher average baseline NDI score (41 vs 36, p < 0.01). However, improvements in NDI scores from baseline were not significantly different between groups at 3 months (p = 0.77) or 12 months (p = 0.51). Likewise, the authors found no significant differences between groups in changes in mJOA scores from baseline to 3 months or 12 months (both p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Surgical intervention resulted in improved mJOA and NDI scores at 3 months, and this improvement was sustained in both patients with short and longer initial symptom duration. Patients with DCM can still undergo successful surgical management despite delayed presentation.

10.
Haematologica ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758610

RESUMO

Standard of care (SOC) chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapies such as axicabtagene ciloleucel (axi-cel) and tisagenlecleucel (tisa-cel) are associated with multisystem toxicities. There is limited information available about cardiovascular (CV) events associated with SOC axi-cel or tisa-cel. Patients with CV comorbidities, organ dysfunction, or lower performance status were often excluded in the clinical trials leading to their FDA approval. An improved understanding of CV toxicities in the real-world setting will better inform therapy selection and management of patients receiving these cellular therapies. Here, we retrospectively reviewed the characteristics and outcomes of adult patients with relapsed/refractory large B-cell lymphoma treated with SOC axi-cel or tisa-cel. Among the 165 patients evaluated, 27 (16%) developed at least one 30-day Major adverse CV event (MACE). Cumulatively, these patients experienced 21 arrhythmias, 4 exacerbations of heart failure/cardiomyopathy, 4 cerebrovascular accidents, 3 myocardial infarctions (MI), and one patient died due to MI. Factors significantly associated with an increased risk of 30-d MACE included age ≥60 years, an earlier start of cytokine release syndrome (CRS), CRS ≥ grade 3, long duration of CRS, and use of tocilizumab. After a median follow-up time of 16.2 months (range 14.3-19.1), the occurrence of 30-d MACE was not significantly associated with progression-free survival (PFS) or with overall survival (OS). Our results suggest that the occurrence of 30-d MACE is more frequent among patients who are elderly, with early, severe, and prolonged CRS. However, with limited followup, larger prospective studies are needed, and multidisciplinary management of these patients is recommended.

12.
Neurosurg Focus ; 51(4): E9, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598150

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cervical fractures in patients with ankylosing spondylitis can have devastating neurological consequences. Currently, several surgical approaches are commonly used to treat these fractures: anterior, posterior, and anterior-posterior. The relative rarity of these fractures has limited the ability of surgeons to objectively determine the merits of each. The authors present an updated systematic review and meta-analysis investigating the utility of anterior surgical approaches relative to posterior and anterior-posterior approaches. METHODS: After a comprehensive literature search of the PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase databases, 7 clinical studies were included in the final qualitative and 6 in the final quantitative analyses. Of these studies, 6 compared anterior approaches with anterior-posterior and posterior approaches, while 1 investigated only an anterior approach. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated where appropriate. RESULTS: A meta-analysis of postoperative neurological improvement revealed no statistically significant differences in gross rates of neurological improvement between anterior and posterior approaches (OR 0.40, 95% CI 0.10-1.59; p = 0.19). However, when analyzing the mean change in neurological function, patients who underwent anterior approaches had a significantly lower mean change in postoperative neurological function relative to patients who underwent posterior approaches (mean difference [MD] -0.60, 95% CI -0.76 to -0.45; p < 0.00001). An identical trend was seen between anterior and anterior-posterior approaches; there were no statistically significant differences in gross rates of neurological improvement (OR 3.05, 95% CI 0.84-11.15; p = 0.09). However, patients who underwent anterior approaches experienced a lower mean change in neurological function relative to anterior-posterior approaches (MD -0.46, 95% CI -0.60 to -0.32; p < 0.00001). There were no significant differences in complication rates between anterior approaches, posterior approaches, or anterior-posterior approaches, although complication rates trended lower in patients who underwent anterior approaches. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this review and meta-analysis demonstrated the varying benefits of anterior approaches relative to posterior and anterior-posterior approaches in treatment of cervical fractures associated with ankylosing spondylitis. While reports demonstrated lower degrees of neurological improvement in anterior approaches, they may benefit patients with less-severe injuries if lower complication rates are desired.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Espondilite Anquilosante , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/lesões , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Humanos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Neurosurg Spine ; : 1-10, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715673

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) techniques can effectively stabilize and decompress many thoracolumbar injuries with decreased morbidity and tissue destruction compared with open approaches. Nonetheless, there is limited direction regarding the breadth and limitations of MIS techniques for thoracolumbar injuries. Consequently, the objectives of this study were to 1) identify the range of current practice patterns for thoracolumbar trauma and 2) integrate expert opinion and literature review to develop an updated treatment algorithm. METHODS: A survey describing 10 clinical cases with a range of thoracolumbar injuries was sent to 12 surgeons with expertise in spine trauma. The survey results were summarized using descriptive statistics, along with the Fleiss kappa statistic of interrater agreement. To develop an updated treatment algorithm, the authors used a modified Delphi technique that incorporated a literature review, the survey results, and iterative feedback from a group of 14 spine trauma experts. The final algorithm represented the consensus opinion of that expert group. RESULTS: Eleven of 12 surgeons contacted completed the case survey, including 8 (73%) neurosurgeons and 3 (27%) orthopedic surgeons. For the 4 cases involving patients with neurological deficits, nearly all respondents recommended decompression and fusion, and the proportion recommending open surgery ranged from 55% to 100% by case. Recommendations for the remaining cases were heterogeneous. Among the neurologically intact patients, MIS techniques were typically recommended more often than open techniques. The overall interrater agreement in recommendations was 0.23, indicating fair agreement. Considering both literature review and expert opinion, the updated algorithm indicated that MIS techniques could be used to treat most thoracolumbar injuries. Among neurologically intact patients, percutaneous instrumentation without arthrodesis was recommended for those with AO Spine Thoracolumbar Classification System subtype A3/A4 (Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score [TLICS] 4) injuries, but MIS posterior arthrodesis was recommended for most patients with AO Spine subtype B2/B3 (TLICS > 4) injuries. Depending on vertebral body integrity, anterolateral corpectomy or mini-open decompression could be used for patients with neurological deficits. CONCLUSIONS: Spine trauma experts endorsed a range of strategies for treating thoracolumbar injuries but felt that MIS techniques were an option for most patients. The updated treatment algorithm may provide a foundation for surgeons interested in safe approaches for using MIS techniques to treat thoracolumbar trauma.

15.
Blood ; 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34679161

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an uncommon subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in which immunochemotherapy +/- high dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation remains standard front-line therapy. Despite clear efficacy, patients envitably relapse requiring subsequent therapy. Within this review, we discuss the key therapeutic approaches in the management of patients with relapsed MCL, covering in depth the data supporting the use of covalent Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitors at first or subsequent relapse. We describe the outcomes of patients progressing through BTK inhibitors, discuss mechanisms of covalent BTKi-resistance and treatment options post-covalent BTKi treatment. Options in this setting may depend of treatment availability, patient and physician preference, and patient age and comorbidity status. We discuss the rapid recent development of anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy in this space as well as the utility of allogenic stem cell transplantation and novel therapies such as non-covalent, reversible BTK inhibitors, ROR1 antibody drug conjugates and bispecific antibodies.

16.
Soft Matter ; 17(41): 9528-9539, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617946

RESUMO

We study how an interacting mixture of components with differing levels of activity can affect the fluctuations of an embedded object such as a tracer. In particular, we consider a simple model of a tracer that is harmonically bound within a mixture of hot and cold Brownian particles, which, like a mixture of active and passive particles, can phase separate. By measuring the fluctuations of the tracer, we find that this collective behavior gives rise to an effective temperature for the tracer. Additionally, we find that there is an increased tendency for cold particles to accumulate on the surface of the tracer due to the hot particles, potentially dampening its fluctuations and decreasing its effective temperature. These results suggest that the phase separation of a mixture of hot/cold or active/passive particles may have strong effects on the fluctuations of an embedded object. We discuss potential implications of these results for experiments on fluctuations of nuclear envelope affected by the activity in the chromatin.

17.
Surg Neurol Int ; 12: 464, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621579

RESUMO

Background: The surgical treatment of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) with shunting remains controversial due to the difficulty in distinguishing such pathology from other neurological conditions that can present similarly. Thus, patients with suspected NPH should be carefully selected for surgical intervention. Historically, clinical improvement has been measured by the use of functional grades, alleviation of symptoms, and/or patient/family-member reported surveys. Such outcome analysis can be subjective, and there is difficulty in quantifying cognition. Thus, a push for a more quantifiable and objective investigation is warranted, especially for patients with idiopathic NPH (INPH), for which the final diagnosis is confirmed with postoperative clinical improvement. We aimed to use Apple Health (Apple Inc., Cupertino, CA) data to approximate physical activity levels before and after shunt placement for NPH as an objective outcome measurement. The patients were contacted and verbally consented to export Apple Health activity data. The patient's physical activity data were then analyzed. A chart review from the patient's EMR was performed to understand and better correlate recovery. Case Description: Our first patient had short-term improvements in activity levels when compared to his preoperative activity. The patient's activity level subsequently decreased at 6 months and onward. This decline was simultaneous to new-onset lumbar pain. Our second patient experienced sustained improvements in activity levels for 12 months after his operation. His mobility data were in congruence with his subjectively reported improvement in clinical symptoms. He subsequently experienced a late-decline that began at 48-months. His late deterioration was likely confounded by exogenous factors such as further neurodegenerative diseases coupled with old age. Conclusion: The use of objective activity data offers a number of key benefits in the analysis of shunted patients with NPH/INPH. In this distinctive patient population, detailed functional outcome analysis is imperative because the long-term prognosis can be affected by comorbid factors or life expectancy. The benefits from using smartphone-based accelerometers for objective outcome metrics are abundant and such an application can serve as a clinical aid to better optimize surgical and recovery care.

18.
Soft Robot ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619070

RESUMO

Artificial tactile sensing for robots is a counterpart to the human sense of touch, serving as a feedback interface for sensing and interacting with the environment. A vision-based tactile sensor has emerged as a novel and advantageous branch of artificial tactile sensors. Compared with conventional tactile sensors, vision-based tactile sensors possess stronger potential thanks to acquiring multimodal contact information in much higher spatial resolution, although they typically suffer from bulky size and fabrication challenges. In this article, we report a thin vision-based tactile sensor that draws inspiration from natural compound eye structures and demonstrate its capability of sensing three-dimensional (3D) force. The sensor is composed of an array of vision units, an elastic touching interface, and a supporting structure with illumination. Experiments validated the sensor's advantages, including competitive spatial resolution of deformation as high as 1016 dpi on a 5 × 8 mm2 sensing area, superior accuracy of 3D force measurement at levels of 0.018 N for tangential force and 0.213 N (0.108 N at the center region) for normal force, and real-time processing at 30 Hz, while achieving a thin size of 5 mm. We further demonstrate the sensor capability in sensing 3D force and slip occurrence in real grasping experiments. This device paves the way for robotic applications that require rich tactile information with miniaturized sensor structure.

19.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 179, 2021 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34717692

RESUMO

Ibrutinib plus venetoclax, given with an ibrutinib lead-in, has shown encouraging clinical activity in early phase studies in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). The ongoing phase 3 SYMPATICO study evaluates the safety and efficacy of concurrently administered, once-daily, all-oral ibrutinib plus venetoclax in patients with relapsed/refractory MCL. A safety run-in (SRI) cohort was conducted to inform whether an ibrutinib lead-in should be implemented for the randomized portion. Patients received concurrent ibrutinib 560 mg continuously plus venetoclax in a 5-week ramp-up to venetoclax 400 mg for up to 2 years. The primary endpoint was occurrence of tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs). The SRI cohort enrolled 21 patients; six and 15 were in low- or increased-risk categories for TLS, respectively. During the 5-week venetoclax ramp-up, three patients had DLTs, and one patient at increased risk for TLS had a laboratory TLS; no additional TLS events occurred during follow-up. With a median follow-up of 31 months, the overall response rate was 81% (17/21); 62% (13/21) of patients had a complete response. SRI data informed that the randomized portion should proceed with concurrent ibrutinib plus venetoclax, with no ibrutinib lead-in. Ibrutinib plus venetoclax demonstrated promising efficacy; no new safety signals were observed.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03112174. Registered 13 April 2017, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03112174 .


Assuntos
Adenina/análogos & derivados , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Adenina/efeitos adversos , Adenina/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Piperidinas/efeitos adversos , Sulfonamidas/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 167, 2021 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649571

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a mature B-cell neoplasm with a high initial response rate followed almost invariably by relapse. Here we report the pooled data from 2 studies, BGB-3111-AU-003 and BGB-3111-206, to explore the efficacy of zanubrutinib monotherapy in relapsed/refractory (R/R) MCL. A total of 112 patients were included. Median follow-up durations were 24.7 and 24.9 months for BGB-3111-AU-003 and BGB-3111-206, respectively. Overall response rate (ORR) and complete response (CR) rate were 84.8% and 62.5%, and median duration of response, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 24.9, 25.8 and 38.2 months, respectively. After weighting, the PFS (median: NE vs. 21.1 months, P = 0.235) and OS (median: NE vs. 38.2 months, P = 0.057) were similar but numerically better in the second-line than later-line group. Zanubrutinib was well-tolerated with treatment discontinuation and dose reduction for adverse events in 12.5% and 2.7% of patients, respectively. Hypertension, major hemorrhage and atrial fibrillation/flutter rates were 11.6%, 5.4% and 1.8%, respectively. Zanubrutinib is efficacious in R/R MCL, with a favorable safety profile.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Análise de Sobrevida
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...