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1.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 511-537, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600971

RESUMO

Developing bioactive biomaterials with highly controlled functions is crucial to enhancing their applications in regenerative medicine. Citrate-based polymers are the few bioactive polymer biomaterials used in biomedicine because of their facile synthesis, controllable structure, biocompatibility, biomimetic viscoelastic mechanical behavior, and functional groups available for modification. In recent years, various multifunctional designs and biomedical applications, including cardiovascular, orthopedic, muscle tissue, skin tissue, nerve and spinal cord, bioimaging, and drug or gene delivery based on citrate-based polymers, have been extensively studied, and many of them have good clinical application potential. In this review, we summarize recent progress in the multifunctional design and biomedical applications of citrate-based polymers. We also discuss the further development of multifunctional citrate-based polymers with tailored properties to meet the requirements of various biomedical applications.

2.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 38(3): 252-257, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062795

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effects of antiretrovirals on cardiovascular function and some biochemical indexes in gestational female rats. Methods: Nineteen 9-week-old female and six 10-week-old male SD rats were divided into normal control group (CON) and highly active antiretroviral therapy group (HARRT), 9/10 female rats and 3 male rats were combined into one cage, totally 2 cages. Female rats in CON group were intragastrically given with normal saline (NS, 10 ml/kg) every morning and evening, while female rats in HARRT group were treated with equal volume antiretrovirals (AZT 31.25 mg/kg + 3TC 15.63 mg/kg + LPV/r (41.67/10.42) mg/kg) for 3 months. The body weight and survival rate of female rats were recorded. Echocardiography and multichannel physiological recorder were used to detect arterial blood pressure and cardiac hemodynamic parameters. The levels of blood glucose, blood lipids, myocardial enzymes and liver enzymes were detected by corresponding kits. Myocardial collagen fibers were observed by Masson staining and the ultrastructure of myocardial cells were observed by transmission electron microscopy. Results: All female rats in CON group survived (9/9), while only 6 rats in HARRT group survived (6/10). Compared with CON group, the body weight of female rats in HAART group was decreased significantly(P<0.01); the levels of left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVDd), interventricular septal thickness (IVST), thickness of left ventricular posterior wall (LVPWT) , left atrial diameter (LAD) and arterial diastolic pressure were increased significantly (P<0.05); the level of LVP+dP/dtmax was decreased (P<0.01). The levels of triglyceride, creatine kinase, and glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase were decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), while the level of glucose was increased (P<0.05). The collagen fibers were increased in myocardial tissue, and ultrastructure of myocardial cells was abnormal. Conclusion: Antiretrovirals during gestation can cause cardiovascular diseases in female rats.


Assuntos
Antirretrovirais , Cardiotoxicidade , Miócitos Cardíacos , Animais , Antirretrovirais/efeitos adversos , Peso Corporal , Colágeno , Feminino , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/ultraestrutura , Gravidez , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
3.
Curr Psychol ; : 1-9, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068881

RESUMO

The present study was designed to investigate the association and the underlying mechanism between parental conflict and adolescent depression during the COVID-19 pandemic. In a longitudinal study, a total of 655 Chinese adolescents ranging from 13 to 16 years old completed a three-wave survey (W1, W2, W3) via a survey website. The data was collected three times: March 15-20, 2020 (W1, the outbreak period of the COVID-19 pandemic in Mainland China), June 20-25, 2020 (W2, the trough stage), and December 15-20, 2020 (W3, six months after the trough stage). The SPSS 16.0 software was used to investigate the relationships among study variables. The findings showed that a double-hump effect was found for depression detection among adolescents during the pandemic, with depression rates in W1 (26.9%) and W3 (29%) were higher than that in W2 (21.9%). The parental conflict subscales of content and resolution had a greater impact on adolescent adjustment than other subscales. The parental conflict had direct and indirect impacts (through reducing family support and increasing burdensomeness) on adolescent depression symptoms in W3. It was concluded that when the COVID-19 pandemic was in a trough curve for more than six months, adolescent adjustment was significantly impacted by the pandemic, and parental conflict was an important risk factor in predicting individual adjustment. Therefore, family intervention is recommended when improving adolescent adjustment during the COVID-19 pandemic.

4.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(20): 7068-7075, 2022 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 10% of adults and nearly all children who receive renal replacement therapy have inherited risk factors or are related to genetic factors. In the past, due to the limitations of detection technology and the nonspecific manifestations of uraemia, the etiological diagnosis is unclear. In addition to common monogenic diseases and complex disorders, advanced testing techniques have led to the recognition of more hereditary renal diseases. Here, we report a four-generation Chinese family in which four individuals had a novel SALL1 mutation and presented with uraemia or abnormal urine tests. CASE SUMMARY: A 32-year-old man presented with end-stage renal disease with a 4-year history of dialysis. His father and paternal aunt both had a history of unexplained renal failure with haemodialysis, and his 10-year-old daughter presented with proteinuria. The patient had multiple congenital abnormalities, including bilateral overlapping toes, unilateral dysplastic external ears, and sensorineural hearing loss. His family members also presented with similar defects. Genetic testing revealed that the proband carried a novel heterozygous shift mutation in SALL1_exon 2 (c.3437delG), and Sanger sequencing confirmed the same mutation in all affected family members. CONCLUSION: We report a novel SALL1 exon 2 (c.3437delG) mutation and clinical syndrome with kidney disease, bilateral overlapping toes, unilateral dysplastic external ears, and sensorineural hearing loss in a four-generation Chinese family.

5.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; : 1-7, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050880

RESUMO

Introduction: The efficacy of selenium supplementation was elusive for polycystic ovary syndrome. This meta-analysis aimed to explore the efficacy of selenium supplementation for polycystic ovary syndrome. Methods: PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, Cochrane library database, CNKI, Chongqing VIP database and Wanfang databases have been searched through July 2022 and we included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting the effect of selenium supplementation versus placebo in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Results: Five RCTs were included in the meta-analysis. Compared with placebo group for polycystic ovary syndrome, selenium supplementation was associated with significantly reduced total testosterone (SMD=-0.42; 95% CI=-0.78 to -0.06; p = 0.02) and cholesterol (SMD=-0.71; 95% CI=-1.41 to -0.02; p = 0.04), but revealed no remarkable influence on SHBG (SMD=-0.52; 95% CI=-1.29 to 0.25; p = 0.19), triglyceride (SMD=-1.45; 95% CI=-3.62 to 0.73; p = 0.19), LDL (SMD=-0.17; 95% CI=-0.72 to 0.37; p = 0.53), FPG (SMD=-0.95; 95% CI=-3.72 to 1.82; p = 0.50) or HOMA-IR (SMD=-0.51; 95% CI=-3.79 to 2.77; p = 0.76). Conclusions: Selenium supplementation may be able to improve the metabolic response for polycystic ovary syndrome, and this finding should be interpreted with caution.

6.
J Behav Addict ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053718

RESUMO

Background and aims: Sex differences in internet gaming disorder (IGD) remain unknown. Investigating sex-specific neural features that underlie the core risk factor (i.e., risk-taking) of IGD would help in understanding sex-specific vulnerabilities to IGD and advance sex-specific treatments and prevention for IGD. Methods: 111 participants (28 IGD males, 27 IGD females, 26 recreational game user (RGU) males, 30 RGU females) completed a probability discounting task during fMRI scanning. Results: First, among RGUs, males showed a higher risk-taking tendency and greater neural activation associated with risk/value evaluation for reward (the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), left putamen) and smaller activation associated with cognitive control (the inferior frontal gyrus) than females during the contrast of risky-safe choices. Moreover, males showed a greater modulatory effect of risky choices on the connection from the vmPFC/ACC to the left putamen than females. Second, IGD males showed decreased activation in the vmPFC/ACC and left putamen compared to RGU males, whereas this decrease did not exist in IGD females. Discussion: Males show a higher risk-taking tendency than females. Altered neural substrates associated with risky decision-making exist in IGD males but not in IGD females. Conclusions: The present findings fill the gap in information on the behavioral and neural substrates underlying IGD among females and demonstrate that a high risk-taking tendency is a risk factor and core symptom only in IGD males but not in IGD females. It is necessary to design and adopt distinct treatments and prevention strategies for IGD in males and females.

7.
Nanoscale ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093742

RESUMO

Perovskite nanocrystals (PNCs) have excellent optical and optoelectronic properties, but their intrinsic instability hampers their practical applications. Herein, stable CsPbBr3 nanocrystals (NCs) are fabricated with triethylaluminium (TMA, a Lewis acid) and hydrobromic acid by the co-assisted transformation of Cs4PbBr6 NCs. TMA forms a cross-linked alumina (AlOx) encapsulation layer on the nanocrystal surface to suppress the deformation and ion migration. The introduction of hydrobromic acid acts as a binding ligand, and the acidified reaction environment provides conditions for the water-triggered phase transformation of Cs4PbBr6 NCs into CsPbBr3 NCs. The synergistic effect of TMA and hydrobromic acid improves the stability of CsPbBr3 NCs. The obtained CsPbBr3 NC film maintains a high photoluminescence (PL) intensity after immersion in water. When stored in the atmosphere for over 30 days, the PL intensity of the CsPbBr3 NC film hardly decreases. The proposed acid co-assisted phase transformation strategy provides a new avenue for the stabilization of PNCs which exhibits wider application prospects in backlight displays.

8.
Foods ; 11(17)2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076745

RESUMO

The purpose of this research was to explore the impacts of different homogenization pressures, pasteurization conditions, and process sequence on the physical and chemical properties of soybean oil body (SOB)-substituted low-fat ice cream as well as the storage stability of SOB-substituted ice cream under these process parameters. With the increase of homogenization pressure (10-30 MPa), the increase of pasteurization temperature (65 °C for 30 min-85 °C for 15 min), and the addition of SOB before homogenization, the overrun and apparent viscosity of ice cream increased significantly, and the particle size, hardness, and melting rate decreased significantly. Thus, frozen dairy products of desired quality and condition could be obtained by optimizing process parameters. In addition, the SOB ice cream showed better storage stability, which was reflected in lower melting rate and hardness and more stable microstructure compared with the full-milk-fat ice cream. This study opened up new ideas for the application of SOB and the development of nutritious and healthy ice cream. Meanwhile, this research supplied a conceptual basis for the processing and quality optimization of SOB ice cream.

9.
Front Oncol ; 12: 978533, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119467

RESUMO

Gene therapy is one of the target therapies with promising clinical use for gastric cancer (GC). However, the delivery of the CRISPR/Cas9/sgRNA (RNP) gene editing tool severely limits the practical therapeutic effect of GC. Therefore, it is a great challenge to develop an RNP delivery system that is simple to prepare and can rapidly encapsulate RNP while achieving high delivery and gene editing efficiency. We developed, for the first time, the CRISPR/Cas9@PDA nano-delivery system that can achieve high-efficiency delivery (95%) of CRISPR/Cas9-3NLS/sgHMGA2 and high-efficient HMGA2 gene editing (82%) of GC cells. In particular, the experiment's weak alkaline environment can not only protect the activity of CRISPR/Cas9-3NLS/sgHMGA2 but also trigger the self-polymerization of polydopamine (PDA). Meanwhile, the presence of KE in the CRISPR/Cas9 amino acid sequence can achieve the directional growth of PDA, thus forming a core-shell structure that protects CRISPR/Cas9-3NLS/sgHMGA2. This efficient CRISPR/Cas9-3NLS/sgHMGA2 delivery and HMGA2 gene editing ability has also been verified in mice, which can significantly inhibit tumor growth in mice. The success of building the delivery system and its ideal treating effect give hope to the efficacious treatment for the GC patients with HMGA2 high expression.

10.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 959952, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090177

RESUMO

Cashmere goat hair follicles are divided into primary hair follicles and secondary hair follicles. The primary hair follicles produce coarse hair, and the secondary hair follicles produce cashmere. The development of hair follicles is affected by a variety of signaling molecules and pathways. Studies have shown that non-coding RNAs are widely involved in the development of hair follicles of the goat, including small RNAs (miRNAs), long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA), and circular RNAs (circRNAs). In recent years, circRNAs, as a new type of circular closed non-coding RNAs, have attracted great attention due to their high stability. However, its regulatory effect on cashmere goat hair follicles mainly focuses on the periodic regulation of secondary hair follicles, and there is no report on the development of cashmere goat hair follicles during the fetal period. Therefore, this study was based on the circRNA, miRNA, and mRNA expression profiles obtained by whole-transcriptional sequencing of the skin tissue of the Inner Mongolia cashmere goats in the fetal period (days 45, 55, 65, and 75) and screening out the morphological changes of hair follicles at different periods. A total of 113 circRNAs related to the development of secondary hair follicles were present. According to the principle of the ceRNA regulatory network, a ceRNA regulatory network composed of 13 circRNAs, 21 miRNAs, and 110 mRNAs related to the development of secondary hair follicles was constructed. Then, qRT-PCR and Sanger sequencing identified circRNA2034, circRNA5712, circRNA888, and circRNA9127 were circRNAs. Next, the dual-luciferase reporter gene verified the targeting relationship of circRNA5712-miR-27b-3p-Dll4. In conclusion, this study constructed a ceRNA regulatory network for the development of cashmere goat secondary hair follicles, laying a foundation for the analysis of circRNAs regulating the morphogenesis and development of cashmere goat secondary hair follicles through the ceRNA mechanism.

11.
Zootaxa ; 5168(5): 589-594, 2022 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36101261

RESUMO

A new species of the genus Neopheosia Matsumura, 1920, N. pseudofasciata sp. nov. is described and illustrated from Fujian province. The species resembles N. fasciata (Moore, 1888) but differs in a forewing pattern in M3 cell; diagnostic differences are observed in genitalia characters as well. DNA barcode data of the new species and its relatives are deposited in GenBank. A key to the Neopheosia species based on morphology is presented. The holotype is deposited in the Department of Entomology, College of Plant Protection, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou.


Assuntos
Lepidópteros , Animais , China , Genitália , Humanos , Parques Recreativos , Universidades
12.
Zootaxa ; 5165(4): 557-574, 2022 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36101309

RESUMO

New information of the genus Agalope Walker, 1854 from mainland China is presented. Three new species of the Agalope pica species-group are described: A. haoi S.-Y. Huang sp. n. from Weixi County, Yunnan, A. chayuensis S.-Y. Huang Pan sp. n. from Chayu County, Southeastern Xizang and A. owadai S.-Y. Huang sp. n. from Bomi and Jiali Counties, Southeastern and Eastern Xizang. The little-known Agalope aurelia Oberthr, 1923 and A. lucia Oberthr, 1923 were rediscovered, with the male of the latter reported for the first time. Based on the newly discovered male, Agalope lucia is found to be a close relative of A. dejeani, hence it is excluded from the A. pica species-group and transferred to the A. bieti species-group. A new species of the Agalope hyalina species-group is also described: A. jianqingi S.-Y. Huang sp. n. from Pianma, Western Yunnan. Adults and genitalia of the aforementioned and related taxa are illustrated. An updated checklist of the genus is also provided.


Assuntos
Borboletas , Cifozoários , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China , Genitália , Masculino
13.
Innovation (Camb) ; 3(5): 100299, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062160
14.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 5025237, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052161

RESUMO

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a major public health problem worldwide, which needs to be effective prevention. Ginsenoside Rg1 (GRg1), a bioactive ingredient extracted from ginseng, has benefit effects on health. In this study, 11 potential targets of GRg1 against ALD were firstly obtained by network pharmacology. KEGG pathway enrichment showed that GRg1-target-ALD was closely related to Toll-like receptor (TLR) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathways. In addition, GRg1 decreased antioxidant levels and increased oxidative levels in alcohol-treated mice, which alleviated oxidative stress-induced hepatic damage. GRg1 enhanced intestinal barrier function via upregulating the levels of tight junction protein and immunoglobulin A. GRg1 also reduced alcohol-induced inflammation by suppressing TLR4/NF-κB pathway, which was consistent with the prediction of network targets. Moreover, GRg1 altered GM population, and Verrucomicrobia, Bacteroidetes, Akkermansia, Bacteroides, Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group, and Alloprevotella played positive association with intestinal barrier indicators and negative correlation with hepatic inflammation biomarkers. The results suggest that GRg1 administration might be a promising strategy for protection of alcohol-induced liver damage.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas , Animais , Etanol/efeitos adversos , Ginsenosídeos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/metabolismo , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Farmacologia em Rede
15.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(9): 4791-4799, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096619

RESUMO

In order to study the distribution characteristics and potential risk of antimony (Sb) in urban soil, the concentrations of soil Sb in four different land use types were analyzed based on the data of 1670 soil samples with different vertical profiles in 102 plots in Shanghai. The risks were evaluated using the potential ecological risk index method and health risk assessment model. The results showed that the average ω(Sb) in the study area was 0.52 mg·kg-1, and the content of soil Sb gradually declined with the rise in soil profile depth. Sb was enriched in surface soil, which indicated that human activities had caused disturbance to the distribution of Sb in the soil. The content of Sb in the surface soil of industrial land was higher than that of residential land and commercial land, and the content of Sb in agricultural land was the lowest. The single-factor pollution index of industrial land was the highest, reaching a slight pollution level, whereas the residential land, commercial land, and agricultural land were at even-clean or clean levels, respectively. The whole region showed slight ecological risk, with the potential ecological risk index ranging from 4.23 to 7.61. The potential ecological risk level of industrial land was moderate, which needs to be addressed. The results of health risk assessment showed that the non-carcinogenic risk of Sb in the soil was low; however, it is of great concern to residents, especially children, when on residential land.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Antimônio , Criança , China , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Humanos , Metais Pesados/análise , Medição de Risco , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(37): 11603-11612, 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36083862

RESUMO

Cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) is a sustainable biomaterial that has been used in many aspects of the food industry, but its effect on fat digestion and absorption is still underexplored. In this study, three CNCs were prepared from buckwheat bran. Their physicochemical properties were characterized, based on which the acetic acid-hydrolyzed CNC (ACCNC) with high absorption capacity was selected for the cytotoxicity evaluation and as a possible inhibitor for fat digestion and absorption in vitro and in vivo. ACCNC was proved to be nontoxic in the MTT assay and animal feeding tests. Especially, with the addition of ACCNC, the hydrolysis of fat was significantly reduced during the simulated digestion in vitro. In vivo testing also confirmed that ACCNC intake significantly reduced the elevated triglyceride, body weight, and fat accumulation levels. This study highlights the potential role of ACCNC prepared from buckwheat bran as an inhibitor for fat digestion and absorption.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096451

RESUMO

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a leading cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the function and mechanism of the effect of HBV on host protein ubiquitination remains largely unknown. We aimed at characterizing if and how HBV promotes self-replication by affecting host protein ubiquitination. In this study, we identified UBXN7, as a novel inhibitor for NF-κB signaling, was degraded via interaction with HBx to activate NF-κB signaling and autophagy, thereby affecting HBV replication. The expression of UBXN7 was analyzed by western blot and qRT-PCR in HBV-transfected hepatoma cells and HBV infected primary human hepatocytes (PHHs). The effect of UBXN7 on HBV replication were analyzed by using in vitro and in vivo assays, including stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) analysis. Changes in HBV replication and the associated molecular mechanisms were analyzed in hepatoma cell lines. SILAC analyses showed that the ubiquitination of UBXN7 was significantly increased in HepG2.2.15 cells compared to control cells. After HBV infection, HBx protein interacted with UBXN7 to promote K48-linked ubiquitination of UBXN7 at K99, leading to UBXN7 degradation. On the other hand, UBXN7 interacted with the ULK domain of IKK-ß through its UAS domain to facilitate its degradation. This in turn reduced NF-κB signaling, leading to reduced autophagy and consequently decreased HBV replication.

18.
AIDS Behav ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097086

RESUMO

Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is a priority method for preventing HIV infection. This study's aims were threefold: (1) identify characteristics of members of a large health maintenance organization, Kaiser Permanente Georgia (KPGA), associated with HIV infection, (2) identify which member characteristics associated with HIV were also associated with PrEP prescription, and (3) identify which HIV-associated characteristics were associated with under- or over-prescribing of PrEP. Analysis of variables from the electronic medical record revealed that age, race, gender, mental health diagnosis, STI diagnosis, and sexual orientation were independently associated with HIV diagnosis. The same characteristics were independently associated with PrEP prescription except for race. Persons identifying as Black or unknown race, women, and/or heterosexual; and who had an STI diagnosis and/or illicit drug use had lower odds of being prescribed PrEP than of having an HIV diagnosis. The implications of these findings for improving physician identification of candidates for PrEP prescription are discussed.

19.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 221: 115044, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126614

RESUMO

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is not only a threat to the health of pregnant women, but also has profound effects on the health of offspring. Studies have shown that the imbalance of estrogen metabolism is associated with an increased risk of GDM. In this study, an ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was established and validated for simultaneous quantification of thirteen estrogens in the urine of GDM women, including estrone (E1), estradiol (E2), estriol (E3), and their hydroxylated and methylated metabolites. The method was achieved on a Waters CORTECS C18 column (2.1 mm × 150 mm, 1.6 µm) within 8.5 min. The linear range of thirteen estrogens in urine was 2-1000 pg·mL-1. Both intra- and inter-day precision for each analyte were less than 15%, with accuracies ranging from 8.3% to 7.3%. The extraction recoveries rate were between 86% and 111%, and stability verification results met the requirements for determination of biological samples. The results suggested that the concentrations of estrogens in all urine samples range from 0.08 to 134.06 (pg·mg-1 creatinine). The mean levels of E1, E2 and most estrogen metabolites in the urine of GDM women were higher than those in healthy pregnant women. Notably, the mean level of 2-hydroxyestrone (2-OHE1) in GDM women was 13.2-fold lower than that in healthy pregnant women. The types of estrogens with the highest mean levels in the urine of GDM and healthy pregnant women were obviously different, which are 2-methoxyestrone (2MeOE1) and E3, respectively. Our results demonstrated that this specific and sensitive method is suitable for quantifying estrogens in human urine and could provide support for further research on estrogen-related pathological mechanisms in GDM and other diseases.

20.
Chem Sci ; 13(34): 9960-9972, 2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36128236

RESUMO

N 4-methylcytosine (4mC) is a natural DNA modification occurring in thermophiles and plays important roles in restriction-modification (R-M) systems in bacterial genomes. However, the precise location and sequence context of 4mC in the whole genome are limited. In this study, we developed an APOBEC3A-mediated deamination sequencing (4mC-AMD-seq) method for genome-wide mapping of 4mC at single-base resolution. In the 4mC-AMD-seq method, cytosine and 5-methylcytosine (5mC) are deaminated by APOBEC3A (A3A) protein to generate uracil and thymine, both of which are read as thymine in sequencing, while 4mC is resistant to deamination and therefore read as cytosine. Thus, the readouts of cytosines from sequencing could manifest the original 4mC sites in genomes. With the 4mC-AMD-seq method, we achieved the genome-wide mapping of 4mC in Deinococcus radiodurans (D. radiodurans). In addition, we confirmed that 4mC, but not 5mC, was the major modification in the D. radiodurans genome. We identified 1586 4mC sites in the genome of D. radiodurans, among which 564 sites were located in the CCGCGG motif. The average methylation levels in the CCGCGG motif and non-CCGCGG sequence were 70.0% and 22.8%, respectively. We envision that the 4mC-AMD-seq method will facilitate the investigation of 4mC functions, including the 4mC-involved R-M systems, in uncharacterized but potentially useful strains.

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