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1.
Acad Radiol ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36737273

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Determine the effect of a multiphase fusion deep-learning model with automatic phase selection in detection of intracranial aneurysm (IA) from computed tomography angiography (CTA) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CTA images of intracranial arteries from patients at Ningbo First Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Images were randomly classified as training data, internal validation data, or test data. CTA images from cases examined by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were examined for independent validation. A deep-learning model was constructed by automatic phase selection of multiphase fusion, and compared to the single-phase algorithm to evaluate algorithm sensitivity. RESULTS: We analyzed 1110 patients (1493 aneurysms) as training data, 139 patients (174 aneurysms) as internal validation data, and 134 patients (175 aneurysms) as test data. The sensitivity of the multiphase analysis of the internal validation data, test data, and independent validation data were greater than from the single-phase analysis. The recall of the multiphase selection was greater or equal to that of single-phase selection in the aneurysm position, shape, size, and rupture status. Use of the test data to determine the presence and absence of aneurysm rupture led to a recall from multiphase selection of 94.8% and 87.6% respectively; both of these values were greater than those from single-phase selection (89.6% and 79.4%). CONCLUSION: A multiphase fusion deep learning model with automatic phase selection provided automated detection of IAs with high sensitivity.

2.
BMC Genomics ; 24(1): 59, 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36732681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Starch are the main nutritional components of maize (Zea mays L.), and starch pasting properties are widely used as essential indicators for quality estimation. Based on the previous studies, various genes related to pasting properties have been identified in maize. However, the loci underlying variations in starch pasting properties in maize inbred lines remain to be identified. RESULTS: To investigate the genetic architecture of these traits, the starch pasting properties were examined based on 292 maize inbred lines, which were genotyped with the MaizeSNP50 BeadChip composed of 55,126 evenly spaced, random SNPs. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) implemented in the software package FarmCPU was employed to identify genomic loci for the starch pasting properties. 48 SNPs were found to be associated with pasting properties. Moreover, 37 candidate genes were correlated with pasting properties. Among the candidate genes, GRMZM2G143646 and GRMZM2G166407 were associated with breakdown and final viscosity significantly, and both genes encode PPR (Pentatricopeptide repeat) protein. We used GWAS to explore candidate genes of maize starch pasting properties in this study. The identified candidate genes will be useful for further understanding of the genetic architecture of starch pasting properties in maize. CONCLUSION: This study showed a complex regulation network about maize quality trait and starch pasting properties. It may provide some useful markers for marker assisted selection and a basis for cloning the genes behind these SNPs.

3.
PLoS One ; 18(2): e0280729, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36730454

RESUMO

Benggang is one of the most serious soil erosion problems in tropical and subtropical areas in southern China. Little work has been reported on the surface properties of soil colloidal particle and its influence on soil swelling of different soil layers in collapsing wall of Benggang. In this present work, the effects of sodium concentration on soil swelling, and the correlations between soil swelling rates and soil colloidal surface properties were comprehensively evaluated by carefully examining soil physicochemical properties and soil colloidal surface properties of red, sandy and detritus soil layers from a collapsing wall. Our results showed that the soil swelling rates of red, sandy and detritus soil layers all exponentially decreased with increasing initial water contents. The relationship between soil swelling rate and the thickness of shear plane showed an extremely significant negative correlation for red soil layer and no correlation for sandy and detritus soil layers. Moreover, the elevating sodium concentrations reduced the thickness of shear plane from 39.69 to 0.76 nm for red soil layer, followed from 22.56 to 0.79 nm for sandy soil layer and from 18.61 to 0.64 nm for detritus soil layer. These findings indicated that the soil particle interactions played a crucial role in the development and occurrence of Benggang. This work will be helpful in understanding the mechanisms of soil mass loss on the gully head and collapsing wall of Benggang.

4.
Front Pediatr ; 11: 1095495, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36733432

RESUMO

Background: Several studies have shown that various concentrations of low-concentration atropine can reduce myopia progression and control axial elongation safely and efficiently in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of 0.02% and 0.01% atropine on ocular biometrics. Methods: Cohort study. 138 and 142 children were randomized to use either 0.02% or 0.01% atropine eye drops, respectively. They wore single-vision (SV) spectacles, with one drop of atropine applied to both eyes nightly. Controls (N = 120) wore only SV spectacles. Ocular and corneal astigmatism were calculated using Thibos vector analysis and split into J0 and J45. Results: The changes in cycloplegic spherical equivalent refraction (SER) and axial length (AL) were -0.81 ± 0.52D, -0.94 ± 0.59D, and -1.33 ± 0.72D; and 0.62 ± 0.29 mm, 0.72 ± 0.31 mm, and 0.89 ± 0.35 mm in the 0.02% and 0.01% atropine and control groups, respectively (all P < 0.05). Both anterior chamber depth (ACD) and ocular astigmatism (including J0) increased, and lens power decreased in the three groups (all P < 0.05). However, there were no differences in the changes in ACD, ocular astigmatism, and lens power among the three groups (all P > 0.05). Intraocular pressure (IOP), corneal curvature, ocular astigmatism J45, and corneal astigmatism (including J0 and J45) remained stable over time in the three groups (all P > 0.05). The contributions to SER progression from the changes in AL, lens and corneal power of the three groups were similar (P > 0.05). The contribution of AL change alone to the change in SER was 56.3%, 63.4% and 78.2% in the above corresponding three groups. Conclusions: After 2 years, 0.02% and 0.01% atropine had no clinical effects on corneal and lens power, ocular and corneal astigmatism, ACD or IOP compared to the control group. 0.02% and 0.01% atropine helped to control myopia progression mainly by reducing AL elongation.

5.
Anal Chem ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36724516

RESUMO

Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) is a powerful tool that can be used to simultaneously investigate the spatial distribution of different molecules in samples. However, it is difficult to comprehensively analyze complex biological systems with only a single analytical technique due to different analytical properties and application limitations. Therefore, many analytical methods have been combined to extend data interpretation, evaluate data credibility, and facilitate data mining to explore important temporal and spatial relationships in biological systems. Image registration is an initial and critical step for multimodal imaging data fusion. However, the image registration of multimodal images is not a simple task. The property difference between each data modality may include spatial resolution, image characteristics, or both. The image registrations between MSI and different imaging techniques are often achieved indirectly through histology. Many methods exist for image registration between MSI data and histological images. However, most of them are manual or semiautomatic and have their prerequisites. Here, we built MSI Registrar (MSIr), a web service for automatic registration between MSI and histology. It can help to reduce subjectivity and processing time efficiently. MSIr provides an interface for manually selecting region of interests from histological images; the user selects regions of interest to extract the corresponding spectrum indices in MSI data. In the performance evaluation, MSIr can quickly map MSI data to histological images and help pinpoint molecular components at specific locations in tissues. Most registrations were adequate and were without excessive shifts. MSIr is freely available at https://msir.cmdm.tw and https://github.com/CMDM-Lab/MSIr.

6.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 115(3): 564-571, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725168
7.
Protein Cell ; 14(1): 17-27, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36726755

RESUMO

The global COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic has infected over 109 million people, leading to over 2 million deaths up to date and still lacking of effective drugs for patient treatment. Here, we screened about 1.8 million small molecules against the main protease (Mpro) and papain like protease (PLpro), two major proteases in severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 genome, and identified 1851Mpro inhibitors and 205 PLpro inhibitors with low nmol/l activity of the best hits. Among these inhibitors, eight small molecules showed dual inhibition effects on both Mpro and PLpro, exhibiting potential as better candidates for COVID-19 treatment. The best inhibitors of each protease were tested in antiviral assay, with over 40% of Mpro inhibitors and over 20% of PLpro inhibitors showing high potency in viral inhibition with low cytotoxicity. The X-ray crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro in complex with its potent inhibitor 4a was determined at 1.8 Å resolution. Together with docking assays, our results provide a comprehensive resource for future research on anti-SARS-CoV-2 drug development.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , Inibidores de Proteases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteases/química , Papaína , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais , Cisteína Endopeptidases/química , Cisteína Endopeptidases/genética , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
8.
Nanoscale ; 15(4): 1947-1952, 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625286

RESUMO

Low-temperature fuel cells have great application potential in electric vehicles and portable electronic devices, which need advanced electrocatalysts. Controlling the composition and morphology of electrocatalysts can effectively improve their catalytic performance. In this work, a Rh metallene (Rhlene)-supported Pt nanoparticle (Pt/Rhlene) electrocatalyst is successfully synthesized by a simple chemical reduction method, in which ultra-small Pt nanoparticles are uniformly attached to the Rhlene surface due to the high surface area of Rhlene. Pt/Rhlene reveals a 3.60-fold Pt-mass activity enhancement for the ethylene glycol oxidation reaction in alkaline solution compared with commercial Pt black, and maintains high stability and excellent poisoning-tolerance during electrocatalysis, owing to the specific physical/chemical properties of Rhlene. The superior electrocatalytic performance of Pt/Rhlene may open an avenue to synthesize other metallene-supported noble metal nanoparticle hybrids for various electrocatalytic applications.

9.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 437, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624146

RESUMO

Eggshells offer many advantages as adsorbents, such as affordability without special preparations other than pulverization and calcination. However, the manufacturing industry generally has a severe problem with high concentrations of heavy metals in wastewater. The purpose of this study was to use eggshell byproducts and calcined eggshell treatment for the adsorption of copper in an aqueous solution. The reaction time, metal concentration, adsorbent dose, temperature, and pH were evaluated using primary factors followed by the response surface method (RSM) to investigate the optimum conditions for eggshell byproducts and calcined eggshell adsorption treatment. The results of the one-factor-at-a-time experiment showed that the optimal adsorption rate was obtained from treatment at 24 h, 25 mg/L, 10 mg, and 25 °C. In addition, the effect of pH on the adsorption rates of eggshells and eggshells with membrane were detected at pH values of 5 and 5.9 and found to be 95.2, 90.5, and 73.3%. The reaction surface experiment showed that the best adsorption rate reached 99.3% after calcination at 900 °C for 2 h and a 20 min reaction. The results showed that eggshells, eggshell membranes, eggshells with membrane, and calcined eggshells could be applied to remove copper ions from industrial wastewater. The adsorption capacity of the calcined eggshell is better than that of the non-calcined eggshell and has good neutrality in acidic industrial wastewater. Therefore, it is convenient and practical for practical production and application. Likewise, this study conveys promising findings in the context of improving wastewater treatment based on a circular economy approach to waste reuse in the food industry and represents a valuable direction for future research.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Cobre , Casca de Ovo/química , Água , Adsorção , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Cinética , Íons
10.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 44(1): 219-230, 2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635810

RESUMO

Lake Luoma is an important storage lake for the Eastern route of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project (NSBD), which has many functions including flood control and irrigation, drinking water supply, and ecological maintenance. In order to understand the succession patterns and driving factors of water quality in Lake Luoma, we used monthly monitoring data from 2009 to 2020 in combination with historical data from 1996 to 2008. The long-term succession patterns, seasonal dynamics, and spatial patterns of total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), permanganate index, and ammonia nitrogen (NH+4-N) were examined, and the influence of meteorological and hydrological factors on water quality was explored through correlation analyses and generalized additive models. The results showed that it remained in the status of grade Ⅳ-inferior Ⅴ over the past 25 years. The concentration of TN, which was the main pollutant, changed significantly (1.06-3.49 mg·L-1), experiencing three stages of gradual decline (1996-2002), significant interannual fluctuation (2002-2015), and significant increase (2015-2020). Permanganate index decreased significantly (2.97-6.38 mg·L-1), whereas TP and NH+4-N concentration fluctuated slightly, ranging from 0.024-0.076 mg·L-1 and 0.11-0.69 mg·L-1, respectively. The concentration of TN and TP increased abnormally in the summer of 2017-2020, reaching 3.30 mg·L-1 and 0.14 mg·L-1 in August, respectively, which was approximately 1.5 and 2.4 times the annual average. In terms of seasonal dynamics, the seasonal variation in water quality between summer/autumn and winter/spring reversed after 2015, with water quality in summer/autumn being worse than that in winter and spring, indicating the exacerbation of eutrophication. The water quality in the southern area was obviously better than that in the northern area. The input of pollutants from the Yihe River and Middle Canal increased with water quantity since 2015, which drove the water quality deterioration through nutrients. Our results suggested that the water quality of Lake Luoma should be improved by strengthening exogenous pollution reduction, endogenous control, polder dismantling, and ecological restoration.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Qualidade da Água , Lagos , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Inundações , Fósforo/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Eutrofização , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , China
11.
Adv Mater ; : e2210447, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656991

RESUMO

Fast ion diffusion in anode hosts enabling uniform distribution of Li/Na/K is essential for achieving dendrite-free alkali metal batteries. Common strategies, e.g. expanding the interlayer spacing of anode materials, can enhance bulk diffusion of Li, but are less efficient for Na and K due to their larger ionic radius. Herein, we propose a universal strategy to drastically improve the mass transport efficiency of Na/K by introducing open mesochannels in carbon hosts. Such pore engineering can increase the accessible surface area by one order of magnitude, thus remarkably accelerating the surface diffusion, as visualized by in-situ transmission electron microscopy. In particular, once the mesochannels are filled by Na/K metals, they become the superfast channels for mass transport via the mechanism of interfacial diffusion. Thus-modified carbon hosts enable Na/K filling in their inner cavities and uniform deposition across the whole electrodes with fast kinetics. The resulting Na metal anodes can exhibit stable dendrite-free cycling with outstanding rate performance at high current density up to 30 mA cm-2 . This work presents an inspiring attempt to address the sluggish transport issue of Na/K, as well as valuable insights into the mass transport mechanism in porous anodes for high-performance alkali metal storage. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

12.
ACS Omega ; 8(2): 2291-2305, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36687020

RESUMO

To research the internal flow characteristics of a single-channel centrifugal pump, the computational fluid dynamics method is used in this study. Several monitoring points are set on the volute to analyze the change of pressure pulsation and radial force when the impeller rotates at different angles. The results show that the pressure pulsation in the single-channel pump volute is induced by the rotor-stator interaction and its harmonics. The monitoring points close to the separation tongue along the rotation direction of the impeller are more affected by the flow rate.

13.
Future Microbiol ; 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688318

RESUMO

Helicobacter pylori, a Gram-negative microaerobic bacteria belonging to the phylum Proteobacteria, can colonize in the stomach and duodenum, and cause a series of gastrointestinal diseases such as gastritis, gastric ulcer and even gastric cancer. At present, the high diversity of the microorganisms in the stomach has been confirmed with culture-independent methods; some researchers have also studied the stomach microbiota composition at different stages of H. pylori carcinogenesis. Here, we mainly review the possible role of H. pylori-mediated microbiota changes in the occurrence and development of gastric cancer to provide new ideas for preventing H. pylori infection and regulating microecological imbalance.

14.
Asian J Androl ; 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695246

RESUMO

Patients with bone metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) might benefit from radium-223 (223Ra) combined with new-generation hormonal agents (NHAs) in terms of survival and quality of life (QoL). However, the safety of combination therapies remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to perform a network meta-analysis by reviewing the literature about the combination of 223Ra with abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (AAP) or enzalutamide and to evaluate the safety of combination therapy in bone mCRPC patients. Ultimately, ten studies (2835 patients) were selected, including four randomized controlled trials (RCTs), five retrospective cohort studies, and one single-arm study. Overall, there was no difference in the incidence of fracture between the 223Ra+NHA combination group and the 223Ra monotherapy group (odds ratio [OR]: 1.46, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.91-2.34, P = 0.66), but the incidences in both the 223Ra+NHA combination group (OR: 3.22, 95% CI: 2.24-4.63, P < 0.01) and the 223Ra monotherapy group (OR: 2.24, 95% CI: 1.23-4.08, P < 0.01) were higher than that in the NHA monotherapy group. However, in the meta-analysis involving only RCTs, there was no difference between the 223Ra monotherapy group and the NHA monotherapy group (OR: 1.14, 95% CI: 0.22-5.95, P = 0.88), while the difference between the 223Ra+NHA combination group and the NHA monotherapy group remained significant (OR: 3.22, 95% CI: 2.24-4.63, P < 0.01). Symptomatic skeletal events (SSEs), SSE-free survival (SSE-FS), all grades of common adverse events (AEs), and ≥grade 3 AEs among all groups did not show any significant difference. Our results indicate that the combination of 223Ra with NHAs was well tolerated in bone mCRPC patients compared to 223Ra monotherapy, even though the incidence of fracture was higher in patients who received 223Ra than that among those who received NHA monotherapy. More evidence is needed to explore the safety and efficiency of 223Ra combination therapies.

15.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 635: 379-390, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36599237

RESUMO

Ternary transition metal sulfides have attracted much attention due to their superior electrochemical properties. Nevertheless, it is difficult to commercialize sulfides due to their intrinsic properties such as dull reaction kinetics and an insufficient number of active sites. Herein, a self-supporting porous NiCoMnS sulfide (NiCoMnS/NF) arrayed on nickel foam (NF) with 3D honeycomb-like structure was designed and prepared via a hydrothermal and post-sulfidation process. It was found that the 3D hierarchically network architecture, constructed by nanosheets with abundant cavities, endowed NiCoMnS/NF with a high specific area and rich ion/electron-transport channels, which facilitated ion/electron transfer and Faradaic reaction kinetic. The optimal NiCoMnS/NF exhibited a markedly improved electrochemical performance due to the merits of complementary multi-composition and unique 3D network structure with multi-level "superhighways". Furthermore, the NiCoMnS//AC device fabricated with NiCoMnS/NF cathode and activated carbon (AC) anode delivered an excellent specific charge and exceptional energy density. This work offers a reference for designing the structure of electrode materials.

16.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677863

RESUMO

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a chronic disease that affects the quality of life of older males. Sinomenine hydrochloride (SIN) is the major bioactive alkaloid isolated from the roots of the traditional Chinese medicinal plant Sinomenium acutum Rehderett Wilson. We wondered if the SIN administration exerted a regulatory effect on BPH and its potential mechanism of action. Mice with testosterone propionate-induced BPH subjected to bilateral orchiectomy were employed for in vivo experiments. A human BPH cell line (BPH-1) was employed for in vitro experiments. SIN administration inhibited the proliferation of BPH-1 cells (p < 0.05) by regulating the expression of androgen-related proteins (steroid 5-alpha reductase 2 (SRD5A2), androgen receptors, prostate-specific antigen), apoptosis-related proteins (B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax)) and proliferation-related proteins (proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), mammalian target of rapamycin, inducible nitric oxide synthase) in vitro. SIN administration decreased the prostate-gland weight coefficient (p < 0.05) and improved the histological status of mice suffering from BPH. The regulatory effects of SIN administration on SRD5A2, an apoptosis-related protein (Bcl-2), and proliferation-related proteins (PCNA, matrix metalloproteinase-2) were consistent with in vitro data. SIN exerted a therapeutic effect against BPH probably related to lowering the SRD5A2 level and regulating the balance between the proliferation and apoptosis of cells. Our results provide an important theoretical basis for the development of plant medicines for BPH therapy.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Prostática , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Colestenona 5 alfa-Redutase/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz , Proteínas de Membrana , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação , Hiperplasia Prostática/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperplasia Prostática/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Qualidade de Vida , Testosterona/farmacologia
17.
Oncol Lett ; 25(2): 68, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36644145

RESUMO

Esophageal cancer (ESCA) is a lethal malignancy and is associated with the alterations of various genes and epigenetic modifications. The protein dpy-30 homolog (DPY30) is a core member of histone H3K4 methylation catalase and its dysfunction is associated with the occurrence and development of cancer. Therefore, the present study investigated the role of DPY30 in ESCA and evaluated the association between the expression of DPY30, the clinicopathological characteristics of ESCA and the tumor immune microenvironment. It conducted a comprehensive analysis of DPY30 in patients with ESCA using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and clinical tissue microarray specimens of ESCA. Immunohistochemistry was performed to assess the expression levels of DPY30 in tissues. Receiver operating curve analysis, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox regression analysis were performed to identify the diagnostic and prognostic value of DPY30. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis, protein-protein interaction network and Estimation of Stromal and Immune cells in Malignant Tumor tissues using the Expression data were used to screen DPY30-associated genes and evaluate the immune score of the TCGA samples. The results demonstrated that the expression of mRNA and protein levels of DPY30 were significantly upregulated in tumor tissues compared with normal tissue samples. The expression of DPY30 was closely associated with the poor prognosis of patients with ESCA. The present study also found that DPY30 expression and the pathological characteristics of ESCA were significantly correlated. Additionally, the expression of DPY30 demonstrated a significant positive correlation with various immune cells infiltration. The results suggested that DPY30 might influence tumor immune infiltration. In conclusion, the findings suggested that DPY30 might be a potential prognostic biomarker and an immunotherapeutic target in ESCA.

18.
Contemp Clin Trials Commun ; 32: 101058, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36698743

RESUMO

Background: Metastatic Breast Cancer (MBC) patients often feel their symptom-related needs are unmet, despite visiting their doctors up to once a week. Novel approaches are needed to address symptoms without requiring additional appointments. Technology based symptom management approaches to address symptoms have not been well tested. Methods: Nurse AMIE (Addressing Metastatic Individuals Everyday) is a technology based supportive care platform that provides guideline-concordant symptom management interventions in response to patient reported symptoms. We have previously successfully implemented a tablet version of Nurse AMIE. However, some eligible patients chose not to participate because they were overwhelmed by the technology. To address this barrier, we translated the Nurse AMIE platform to the Amazon Echo Show, which allowed for voice-based interactions. Forty-two MBC patients were randomized 1:1 to receive the Nurse AMIE for Echo Show immediately for six months, or to receive the same intervention for three months, after a three month delay. The primary outcome was change in physical distress over three months, and secondary outcomes included feasibility, acceptability, patient reported outcomes and usability. Conclusions: Results from the Nurse AMIE for Echo Show trial will identify the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of the Nurse AMIE for Echo Show on patient reported outcomes. Untested novel technologies, particularly voice-based artificial intelligence devices may an effective and scalable vehicle through which we can deliver supportive care interventions. Clinicaltrialsgov identifier: NCT04673019.

19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 251: 114519, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634478

RESUMO

Blue light with a wavelength of 400-470 nm is the composition of the visible light. However, in recent years, blue light contributed the most significance to light pollution due to the artificial light at night. Previously, we have demonstrated that the Asian citrus psyllid (ACP), Diaphorina citri, an important pest in citrus production, has significant positive phototaxis with a light-emitting diode light of 400 nm. In this study, ACP with positive phototactic behavior to 400 nm light (PH) and non-phototactic behavior to 400 nm light (NP) were collected, individually. Transcriptome dynamics of head tissues of PH and NP groups were captured by using RNA-sequencing technology, respectively. Forty-three to 46 million clean reads with high-quality values were obtained, and 1773 differential expressed genes (DEGs) were detected. Compared with the NP group, there were 841 up-regulated DEGs and 932 down-regulated DEGs in the PH group. Eight pathways were significantly enriched in the PH group in the KEGG database, while 43 up-regulated pathways and 25 down-regulated pathways were significantly enriched in the PH group in the GO database. The DGE approach was reliable validated by real time quantitative PCR. Results indicated that the blue light acted as an abiotic stress causing physiological and biochemical responses such as oxidative stress, protein denaturation, inflammation and tumor development in ACPs. Additionally, the light was absorbed by photoreceptors of ACPs, and converted into electrical signal to regulate neuromodulation. This study provides basic information for understanding the molecular mechanisms of ACP in response to blue light and provides a reference for further studies to elucidate phototactic behavior.

20.
Proc Biol Sci ; 290(1990): 20221658, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629113

RESUMO

Human-induced biodiversity loss negatively affects ecosystem function, but the interactive effects of biodiversity change across trophic levels remain insufficiently understood. We sampled arboreal spiders and lepidopteran larvae across seasons in 2 years in a subtropical tree diversity experiment, and then disentangled the links between tree diversity and arthropod predator diversity by deconstructing the pathways among multiple components of diversity (taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional) with structural equation models. We found that herbivores were major mediators of plant species richness effects on abundance, species richness, functional and phylogenetic diversity of predators, while phylogenetic, functional and structural diversity of trees were also important mediators of this process. However, the strength and direction differed between functional, structural and phylogenetic diversity effects, indicating different underlying mechanisms for predator community assembly. Abundance and multiple diversity components of predators were consistently affected by tree functional diversity, indicating that the variation in structure and environment caused by plant functional composition might play key roles in predator community assembly. Our study highlights the importance of an integrated approach based on multiple biodiversity components in understanding the consequences of biodiversity loss in multitrophic communities.


Assuntos
Artrópodes , Aranhas , Animais , Humanos , Ecossistema , Filogenia , Biodiversidade , Plantas
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