Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 174
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20353, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645861

RESUMO

To reduce gas disasters in low permeability and high gas coal seams and improve gas predrainage efficiency, conventional deep hole presplitting blasting permeability increasing technology was refined and perfected. The damage degree of coal and rock blasting was quantitatively evaluated by using the value range of the damage variable D. According to the actual field test parameters of coal seam #3 in the Sanyuan coal mine, Dlim = 0.81 ~ 1.0 was the coal rock crushing area, Dlim = 0.19 ~ 0.81 was the coal rock crack area, and Dlim = 0 ~ 0.19 was the coal rock disturbance area. The blasting models under different blasting parameters were established by ANSYS/LS-DYNA software. The influence radius of single-hole blasting was 3.1 m, the hole diameter of double-hole blasting was 113 mm, the hole spacing was 5.5 m, and the delayed blasting time was 25 ms. According to the numerical simulation results, the determined parameters were tested on the working face of the 1312 transportation roadway in coal seam #3 of the Sanyuan coal mine. The results show that after blasting, the permeability of the original coal seam was increased by more than 30 times, the gas concentration was increased by 2.16 times, and the single hole purity and mixing volume were increased by 4.73 and 4.27 times, respectively. The positive effects of deep hole presplitting blasting permeability enhancement technology on the pressure relief and permeability enhancement of a low pressure and high gas coal seam were determined.

2.
Exp Cell Res ; 408(1): 112843, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563515

RESUMO

Some discoveries resulted from 2-dimensional (2D) cultured cardiac cells have been disqualified in animal testing and later clinical trials. Extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a vital role in cardiac homeostasis, cardiac ECM (cECM)-based 3D cell cultures can mimics the physiological and pathological conditions in vivo closely, it is hopeful of addressing this challenge. Construction of cECM-based 3-dimensional (3D) hydrogel (cECM3DH) and its effects on cell behaviors were studied here. The results indicated that cellular compartments could be efficiently removed from heart tissue via sodium dodecyl sulfonate (SDS)- and Triton X-100-mediated decellularization, remaining the natural fibrous network structure and major proteins. 3D hydrogel consisted of 1 × 107 cells/mL cells and 75% cECM could promote the proliferation and anti-apoptosis ability of human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293T cells. 0.25% trypsin or 0.20% collagenase was suitable to retrieve these cells from 3D hydrogel for further researches. Compared with 2D culture system, cECM3DH could significantly increase the proportion of GATA 4+ cardiomyocytes (CMs) derived from heart tissue of neonatal mouse or induced differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) (P < 0.05) The expression levels of mature genes including cTnT, JCN, CaV1.2, MYL2, CASQ2, NCX1, and Cx43 of these CMs in adult pig cECM-based 3D hydrogel (APcECM3DH) were significantly higher than that in 2D culture system and in newborn piglet cECM-based 3D hydrogel (NPcECM3DH), respectively (P < 0.05). Therefore, cECM3DH supports the generation of primary CMs and ESC-derived CMs, APcECM3DH was more conducive to promoting CM maturation, which contributes to building 3D model for pathogenesis exploration, drug screening, and regenerative medicine of heart diseases.

3.
Int J Hematol Oncol ; 10(2): IJH34, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540199

RESUMO

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the regularity of gene mutations in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and in those that progressed to acute myeloid leukemia (MDS/AML). Patients & methods: High-throughput sequencing technology was used to detect gene mutations in 99 newly diagnosed patients with MDS or MDS/AML. Results: Gene mutations were detected in 88 patients. The mutation incidence in the MDS/AML group was significantly higher than that in the MDS group. Statistically significant differences were observed between the MDS with refractory anemia (MDS-RA) and MDS-RA with excess blasts groups and between the MDS/AML and MDS-RA groups. Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that there is a cumulative accumulation of gene mutations, especially in transcription factor genes, during disease progression in MDS and MDS/AML.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521135

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Thoracic surgery often causes postoperative delirium (POD) in geriatric patients. This study aimed to explore the effect of ultrasound-guided continuous thoracic paravertebral block (UG-TPVB) on POD in geriatric patients undergoing pulmonary resection. METHODS: Total 128 patients who underwent pulmonary resection were randomly allocated to either the conventional patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) group or the UG-TPVB group (n = 64 per group). The consumption of opioid agents (propofol and remifentanil), postoperative hospital stay, postoperative pulmonary atelectasis, postoperative nausea/vomiting, and postoperative itchiness were recorded. The diagnosis of delirium was dependent on the Nursing Delirium Screening Scale. The postoperative pain was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) score. The serum levels of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α were used to evaluate the postoperative neuroinflammation. RESULTS: The consumption of propofol and remifentanil, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative pulmonary atelectasis, postoperative nausea/vomiting, and postoperative itchiness in the UG-TPVB group were lower than that in the PCA group. Compared with the PCA group, the prevalence of POD was decreased in the UG-TPVB group. In addition, use of UG-TPVB not only reduced postoperative pain (VAS score) but also decreased postoperative neuroinflammation compared with PCA in geriatric patients undergoing pulmonary resection. CONCLUSIONS: This study determined the benefits of UG-TPVB over PCA, providing an effectiveness approach to alleviate POD in geriatric patients undergoing pulmonary resection.

5.
ACS Omega ; 6(30): 19569-19577, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368543

RESUMO

Metallurgical coke is an important raw material for blast furnaces. Specifically, temperature and CO2 significantly affect its metallurgical behavior. In this study, the influence of temperature and CO2 on the high-temperature behavior of three metallurgical coke samples, used in blast furnaces of different volumes, was investigated. The carbon structure and pore structure of the coke samples were analyzed. The results indicated that as the temperature increased from 1100 to 1500 °C, the weight loss ratio increased 10-fold and the drum strength decreased to approximately 80% in Ar. Under a CO2 atmosphere, as the temperature increased from 1100 to 1300 °C, the reactivity index increased from 20 to 70%, and the strength after reaction exhibited the lowest value of 40% at 1250 °C. When the temperature increased from 1100 to 1500 °C, the stacking height of the layer structure Lc of the coke samples increased to ∼5.5 nm. Under the influence of CO2 and temperature, the Lc of the coke samples increased to approximately 4 nm between 1100 and 1300 °C. Furthermore, CO2 slightly affected the carbon structure. The changes in pores under the influence of CO2 and temperature were greater than those under the influence of temperature between 1100 and 1300 °C. Typically, the strength of coke is high when the pore number, roundness, and porosity are low. The strength and microstructure parameters of the coke samples were correlated via multiple regression. The results of the multiple regression showed that the carbon structure and pore number had the highest impact on coke strength, followed by roundness and porosity.

6.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(3): 1038, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373724

RESUMO

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common complication in the postoperative nervous system of elderly patients. Surgery-induced hippocampal neuroinflammation is closely associated with POCD. Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is an effective α2-adrenergic receptor agonist, which can reduce inflammation and has neuroprotective effects, thereby improving postoperative cognitive dysfunction. However, the mechanism by which DEX improves POCD is currently unclear. The purpose of the present study was therefore to identify how DEX acted on POCD. Male Sprague Dawley rats with exposed carotid arteries were used to mimic POCD. Locomotor activity was accessed by the open field test and the Morris water maze was performed to estimate spatial learning, memory and cognitive flexibility. Following animal sacrifice, the hippocampus was collected and cell apoptosis was determined by terminal dexynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick end labeling staining. Subsequently, the expression of apoptosis-related proteins Bax, Bcl-2, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-9 was determined by western blotting and the concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß and IL-10 were measured in serum using ELISA. Nitric oxide synthase and neuronal nitric oxide synthase activities in the hippocampus were also measured. The T lymphocyte subsets were analyzed by flow cytometry to evaluate the immune function in each group. Compared with the surgery group, DEX ameliorated POCD by improving cognitive dysfunctions and immune function loss, and attenuated neuroinflammation and neuronal apoptosis.

7.
J Biomed Mater Res A ; 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397148

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) cardiac micro-tissue is a promising model for simulating the structural and functional features of heart in vitro. This scientific achievement provides a platform for exploration about the mechanisms on the development, damage, and regeneration of tissue, hence, paving a way toward development of novel therapies for heart diseases. However, 3D micro-tissue technology is still in its infant stages faced with many challenges such as incompleteness of the tissue microarchitecture, loss of the resident immune cells, poor reproducibility, and deficiencies in continuously feeding the nutrients and removing wastes during micro-tissue culturing. There is an urgent need to optimize the construction of 3D cardiac micro-tissue and improve functions of the involved cells. Therefore, scaffolds and cell resources for building 3D cardiac micro-tissues, strategies for inducing the maturation and functionalization of pluripotent stem cell- or cardiac progenitor cell-derived cardiomyocytes, and the major challenges were reviewed in this writing to enable future fabrication of 3D cardiac micro-tissues or organoids for drug screening, disease modeling, regeneration treatment, and so on.

8.
Environ Microbiol ; 23(9): 5481-5486, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34309156

RESUMO

Atmospheric particulate matter (APM) is an environmental hazard that endangers human health and causes a variety of diseases. In this work, the microbial community composition, chemical element composition and antimicrobial resistance gene (ARG) prevalence, along with their relationships with environmental parameters were analysed using APM samples collected in Jinan, China. Pathogenic Klebsiella and Aeromonas were found to be significantly correlated with PM2.5 and temperature, suggesting their proliferation on APM. PM2.5 and PM10 have similar microbial community compositions but different chemical element compositions, suggesting they have different origins, which have little impact on microbial community structures. This finding, together with analysis of the timing of microbial community structure changes, suggests that microbial community composition is impacted by anthropic activities. Further investigations showed that rare metals including lanthanides are significantly negatively correlated with pathogens in APM, suggesting their inhibitory role. ARGs were observed for every class of antibiotic except for carbapenems in APM, suggesting high ARG prevalence in APM, and APM functions in transmission of antimicrobial resistance. Results obtained in this study suggest that APM can act as a transmission vehicle for pathogenic bacteria and ARGs and lead to the implication of a new transmission route for bacterial pathogenesis by APM.

9.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321613

RESUMO

Androgen receptor (AR) serves as a main therapeutic target for prostate cancer (PCa). However, resistance to anti-androgen therapy (SAT) inevitably occurs. Indomethacin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that exhibits activity against prostate cancer. Recently, we designed and synthesized a series of new indomethacin derivatives (CZ compounds) via Pd (II)-catalyzed synthesis of substituted N-benzoylindole. In this study, we evaluated the antitumor effect of these novel indomethacin derivatives in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Upon employing CCK-8 cell viability assays and colony formation assays, we found that these derivatives had high efficacy against CRPC tumor growth in vitro. Among these derivatives, CZ-212-3 exhibited the most potent efficacy against CRPC cell survival and on apoptosis induction. Mechanistically, CZ-212-3 significantly suppressed the expression of AR target gene networks by degrading AR and its variants. Consistently, CZ-212-3 significantly inhibited tumor growth in CRPC cell line-based xenograft and PDX models in vivo. Taken together, the data show that the indomethacin derivative CZ-212-3 significantly inhibited CRPC tumor growth by degrading AR and its variants and could be a promising agent for CRPC therapy.

10.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 690121, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267690

RESUMO

Anxiety and depression are widespread psychosis which are believed to affect cerebral metabolism, especially in frontal and temporal cortex. The comorbidity patients of anxiety and depression (A&D) have more serious clinical symptoms. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a noninvasive modality used to monitor human brain oxygenation, and it could be considered as a potential tool to detect psychosis which may lead to abnormal cerebral oxygen status when the brain is activated. However, how sensitive the cerebral oxygenation response to the cortex activation and whether these responses are consistent at different stages of A&D or different regions still remains unclear. In this study, a conventional physiological paradigm for cortex activation, i.e., verbal fluency task (VFT), and a relatively new paradigm, i.e., high-level cognition task (HCT), were compared to detect A&D through a longitudinal measurement of cerebral oxygen status by fNIRS. The A&D patients at the acute, consolidation and maintenance stages as well as the healthy subjects participated in the VFT and HCT paradigms, respectively. For the VTF paradigm, the subject was instructed to answer questions of phrase constructions within 60 s. For the HCT paradigm, the subject was instructed to categorize items, logical reasoning, and comprehensive judgment and write down the answers within 60 s. For most of the subjects, the oxy-Hb is found to increase remarkably, accompanied with a relatively small reduction in deoxy-Hb when subject to both paradigms. The statistical analyses show a relatively large variability within any group, leading to the significant difference that was only found between A&D at the acute stage and healthy subjects in the temporal lobe region (p < 0.001). Nevertheless, HCT would activate more oxygen increment when compared with the VFT, with a large integral value in oxy-Hb. On average, the oxy-Hb integral value of the A&D patients differs substantially at different stages when subject to HCT paradigm. Moreover, the prefrontal lobe and temporal lobe responses were more consistent to the HCT paradigm rather than the VFT paradigm. Under the VFT paradigm, however, no remarkable difference in integral value was found among the three stages, either at the prefrontal lobe or at the temporal lobe. This study indicated that HCT, which is intensively involved in brain function, would activate more oxygenation changes in the cerebral cortex. Additionally, with good performance at distinguishing different stages according to the oxy-Hb criterion, the HCT has the potential to evaluate the therapeutic effects for A&D patients.

11.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(5)2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34069334

RESUMO

Accumulating evidences demonstrate that fermented feed and liquid feeding exerted a great beneficial influence on growth performance and health in the pig industry. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of fermented liquid feeding on the growth performance and intestinal function of pigs. Two hundred and eighty-eight 27-day-old weaned piglets (8.21 ± 0.27 kg) were randomly allocated to a control group (basal diet (CON)), an antibiotic group (basal diet supplemented with antibiotics (AB)) and a fermented liquid feeding group (basal diet with fermented liquid feeding (FLF)), with 6 replicates per treatment and 16 weaned piglets per replicate. The experiment lasted for 160 days. Fresh fecal samples were collected to evaluate the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of nutrients from the last 4 days of each stage. The results are shown as follows: (1) Compared with the CON group, in the whole stage, the FLF diet significantly increased the final body weight (BW) and ADG of pigs (P < 0.05), and had a tendency to increase ADFI (P = 0.086), but had no effect on F/G. (2) The ATTD of dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE), crude ash (CA), crude fiber (CF), gross energy (GE), calcium (Ca) and total phosphorus (TP) in the FLF group was significantly elevated compared with those of the CON group at 8-20 kg stage (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the ATTD of EE in the FLF group was significantly increased compared with that of the CON group at the 50-75 kg and 100-125 kg stages (P < 0.05), and the ATTD of Ca was higher than that of CON group at the 100-125 kg stage (P < 0.05). (3) Compared with that of the CON group, the level of serum leptin in the FLF group had a tendency to decrease (P = 0.054), the level of serum ghrelin in the FLF group was significantly elevated (P < 0.05) and the level of serum peptide YY in the FLF group was significantly decreased (P < 0.05). (4) The abundance of Lactobacillus in cecal and colonic digesta was observably enhanced in FLF group. Meanwhile, the abundance of Escherichia coli in cecal and colonic digesta were dramatically reduced in the FLF group compared with that in the CON and AB groups (P < 0.05). (5) The levels of acetic acid in colonic digesta were significantly increased in the FLF group (P < 0.05), and an increasing trend was observed in total VFA in colonic digesta compared with CON (P < 0.1). The levels of acetic acid in colonic digesta were significantly promoted in the FLF group compared with that of the AB group (P < 0.05). In conclusion, these results indicate that fermented liquid feeding improved the growth performance of pigs, which might be associated with gastrointestinal hormone and intestinal functions.

12.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(10): 833, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34164467

RESUMO

Background: To establish and validate a prediction model for pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (pNENs) recurrence after radical surgery with preoperative computed tomography (CT) images. Methods: We retrospectively collected data from 74 patients with pathologically confirmed pNENs (internal group: 56 patients, Hospital I; external validation group: 18 patients, Hospital II). Using the internal group, models were trained with CT findings evaluated by radiologists, radiomics, and deep learning radiomics (DLR) to predict 5-year pNEN recurrence. Radiomics and DLR models were established for arterial (A), venous (V), and arterial and venous (A&V) contrast phases. The model with the optimal performance was further combined with clinical information, and all patients were divided into high- and low-risk groups to analyze survival with the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: In the internal group, the areas under the curves (AUCs) of DLR-A, DLR-V, and DLR-A&V models were 0.80, 0.58, and 0.72, respectively. The corresponding radiomics AUCs were 0.74, 0.68, and 0.70. The AUC of the CT findings model was 0.53. The DLR-A model represented the optimum; added clinical information improved the AUC from 0.80 to 0.83. In the validation group, the AUCs of DLR-A, DLR-V, and DLR-A&V models were 0.77, 0.48, and 0.64, respectively, and those of radiomics-A, radiomics-V, and radiomics-A&V models were 0.56, 0.52, and 0.56, respectively. The AUC of the CT findings model was 0.52. In the validation group, the comparison between the DLR-A and the random models showed a trend of significant difference (P=0.058). Recurrence-free survival differed significantly between high- and low-risk groups (P=0.003). Conclusions: Using DLR, we successfully established a preoperative recurrence prediction model for pNEN patients after radical surgery. This allows a risk evaluation of pNEN recurrence, optimizing clinical decision-making.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(20): e25928, 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011065

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Bilateral kidney damage in hypertensive patients is not parallel. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker (ACEI/ARB), as a commonly used antihypertensive drug, could protect kidney function and delay its deterioration. Most studies focused on overall renal function, but the researches on split renal function (SRF) are rare. We investigated the effects of ACEI/ARB on the SRF in patients with primary hypertension.Patients with primary hypertension (n = 429; male: 213; female: 216) admitted to our department between January 2014 and December 2016 were included in this study. The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of split and total renal function were determined using diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid tagged with 99mTc renal dynamic imaging method. For the same patient, the side with high GFR was considered as higher GFR kidney, whereas that with a low GFR was considered as lower GFR kidney. The split function score (Q value) was utilized to evaluate the differences of bilateral renal function. The patients were divided into 3 groups based on the Q values (Group 1, Q value <5%; Group 2, Q value of 5%-10%; Group 3, Q value ≥10%). All the patients received antihypertensive therapy based on ACEI/ARB. The renal dynamic imaging was performed in the 1-year follow-up to investigate the changes of the SRF.Compared with the baseline level, significant decline was noticed in the serum creatinine (Scr) in Group 2 and Group 3 (P < .05). The cystatin C in Group 3 showed significant decline (P < .05). Compared with the baseline, there was significant decline in the Q value in Group 2, whereas the GFR of lower GFR kidney showed significant increase (P < .05). No statistical differences were noticed in the Q value and split GFR in Group 1 and Group 3 (P > .05).In primary hypertension patients, ACEI/ARB therapy could improve the SRF of lower GFR kidney in the presence of certain differences between the SRF. As a result, the SRF difference was reduced. In case of Q value in a range of 5% to 10%, ACEI/ARB could improve the renal function effectively. It may be significant for the design of antihypertensive drugs.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Insuficiência Renal/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Creatinina/sangue , Cistatina C/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/efeitos dos fármacos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/sangue , Hipertensão/complicações , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Rim/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal/sangue , Insuficiência Renal/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal/etiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Obes Surg ; 31(8): 3653-3659, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982242

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic gastric clipping (LGC) is a relatively novel restrictive bariatric surgery wherein a horizontal metallic clip is applied to the gastric fundus. Its intraoperative complications or the difficulties associated with the applied gastric clip (GC) during revisional procedures have seldom been mentioned. Herein, the experience of revisional procedures after initial gastric clipping is reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort review of LGC based on the Taiwan Bariatric Registry of Taiwan Society Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery was performed. Six patients with severe obesity presented for revisional surgery after initial LGC by other surgeons. Patients' characteristics, indications, and details of revisional surgery were recorded. RESULTS: Between 2012 and 2019, 39 patients who underwent pure LGC and six patients with previous LGC history were referred for revisional surgery. Their mean age and the mean body mass index were 34.7 ± 9.5 years and 38.4 ± 10.5 kg/m2, respectively. Three, two, and one patient underwent revisional surgery for insufficient weight loss, weight recidivism, and intractable belching, respectively. The mean interval between initial LGC and revisional surgery was 40.5 ± 22.4 months. Laparoscopic removal of the GC with concomitant revisional surgeries were collected, including a revision to sleeve gastrectomy (n = 5) and revision to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (n = 1). Moreover, the mean operative time was 286.8 ± 78.2 min. All patients had uneventful recovery postoperatively but experienced significant adhesion around the GC and the left liver. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic revisional surgery with concomitant GC removal for patients with severe obesity after gastric clipping could be feasibly conducted by experienced bariatric surgeons.


Assuntos
Derivação Gástrica , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Allergy ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophageal histology is critical for diagnosis and surveillance of disease activity in eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). A validated noninvasive biomarker has not been identified. We aimed to determine the utility of blood and urine eosinophil-associated proteins to diagnose EoE and predict esophageal eosinophilia. METHODS: Blood and urine were collected from children undergoing endoscopy with biopsy. Absolute eosinophil count (AEC), plasma eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN), eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), major basic protein-1 (MBP-1), galectin-10 (CLC/GAL-10), Eotaxin-2 and Eotaxin-3, and urine osteopontin (OPN) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were determined. Differences were assessed between EoE and control, and with treatment response. The capacity to predict EoE diagnosis and esophageal eosinophil counts was assessed. RESULTS: Of 183 specimens were collected from 56 EoE patients and 15 non-EoE controls with symptoms of esophageal dysfunction; 33 EoE patients had paired pre- and post-treatment specimens. Plasma (CLC/GAL-10, ECP, EDN, Eotaxin-3, MBP-1) and urine (OPN) biomarkers were increased in EoE compared to control. A panel comprising CLC/GAL-10, Eotaxin-3, ECP, EDN, MBP-1, and AEC was superior to AEC alone in distinguishing EoE from control. AEC, CLC/GAL-10, ECP, and MBP-1 were significantly decreased in patients with esophageal eosinophil counts <15/hpf in response to treatment. AEC, CLC/GAL-10, ECP, EDN, OPN, and MBP-1 each predicted esophageal eosinophil counts utilizing mixed models controlled for age, gender, treatment, and atopy; AEC combined with MBP-1 best predicted the counts. CONCLUSIONS: We identified novel panels of eosinophil-associated proteins that along with AEC are superior to AEC alone in distinguishing EoE from controls and predicting esophageal eosinophil counts.

16.
IEEE J Biomed Health Inform ; 25(9): 3498-3506, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798088

RESUMO

Current clinical practice or radiomics studies of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (pNENs) require manual delineation of the lesions in computed tomography (CT) images, which is time-consuming and subjective. We used a semi-automatic deep learning (DL) method for segmentation of pNENs and verified its feasibility in radiomics analysis. This retrospective study included two datasets: Dataset 1, contrast-enhanced CT images (CECT) of 80 and 18 patients respectively collected from two centers; and Dataset 2, CECT of 56 and 16 patients respectively from two centers. A DL-based semi-automatic segmentation model was developed and validated with Dataset 1 and Dataset 2, and the segmentation results were used for radiomics analysis from which the performance was compared against that based on manual segmentation. The mean Dice similarity coefficient of the trained segmentation model was 81.8% and 74.8% for external validation with Dataset 1 and Dataset 2 respectively. Four classifiers frequently used in radiomics studies were trained and tested with leave-one-out cross-validation strategy. For pathological grading prediction with Dataset 1, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) with semi-automatic segmentation was up to 0.76 and 0.87 respectively for internal and external validation. For recurrence study with Dataset 2, the AUC with semi-automatic segmentation was up to 0.78. All these AUCs were not statistically significant from the corresponding results based on manual segmentation. Our study showed that DL-based semi-automatic segmentation is accurate and feasible for the radiomics analysis in pNENs.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Neoplasias , Área Sob a Curva , Humanos , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593833

RESUMO

Two novel ISCR1-associated dfr genes, dfrA42 and dfrA43, were identified from trimethoprim (TMP)-resistant Proteus strains and were shown to confer high level TMP resistance (MIC ≥ 1024 mg/L) when cloned into Escherichia coli These genes were hosted by complex class 1 integrons suggesting their potentials for dissemination. Analysis of enzymatic parameters and TMP affinity were performed, suggesting that the mechanism of TMP resistance for these novel DHFRs is the reduction of binding with TMP.

18.
AMB Express ; 11(1): 32, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33630191

RESUMO

To investigate and compare the gut microbiota structures in complete intensive feeding pattern (CP) and extensive feeding pattern (EP) groups, a total of 20 pigs were divided into two groups and fed the same diet. The fecal microbial composition was profiled using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Our results showed that seventeen predominant genera were present in each pig sample and constituted the phylogenetic core of the microbiota at the class level. The abundance of most of the core microbial flora were significantly higher in the CP group than in the EP group (P < 0.05), while the abundance of Gammaproteobacteria was significantly lower in the CP group than in the EP group (P < 0.05). The CP group had significantly greater community diversity, richness, and evenness than the EP group (P < 0.05). Functional prediction analysis indicated that intestinal microbial species potentially led to faster growth and an increased fat accumulation capacity in the CP group; however, disease resistance was weaker in the CP group than in the EP group. In conclusion, EP pigs have a wider range of activity and better animal welfare than CP pigs, which helps reduce the occurrence of diseases and neurological symptoms. To explore the effect of intestinal flora on disease resistance in pigs at the molecular level, Coprococcus, which is a key gut bacterium in the intestine, was selected for isolation and purification and cocultured with intestinal epithelial cells. qPCR was performed to determine the effect of Coprococcus on SLA-DRB gene expression in intestinal epithelial cells. The results showed that Coprococcus enhanced SLA-DRB gene expression in intestinal epithelial cells. The results provide useful reference data for further study on the relationship between intestinal flora and pig disease resistance.

19.
Gastroenterology ; 160(7): 2303-2316.e11, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: No reliable method for evaluating intestinal fibrosis in Crohn's disease (CD) exists; therefore, we developed a computed-tomography enterography (CTE)-based radiomic model (RM) for characterizing intestinal fibrosis in CD. METHODS: This retrospective multicenter study included 167 CD patients with 212 bowel lesions (training, 98 lesions; test, 114 lesions) who underwent preoperative CTE and bowel resection at 1 of the 3 tertiary referral centers from January 2014 through June 2020. Bowel fibrosis was histologically classified as none-mild or moderate-severe. In the training cohort, 1454 radiomic features were extracted from venous-phase CTE and a machine learning-based RM was developed based on the reproducible features using logistic regression. The RM was validated in an independent external test cohort recruited from 3 centers. The diagnostic performance of RM was compared with 2 radiologists' visual interpretation of CTE using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS: In the training cohort, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of RM for distinguishing moderate-severe from none-mild intestinal fibrosis was 0.888 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.818-0.957). In the test cohort, the RM showed robust performance across 3 centers with an AUC of 0.816 (95% CI, 0.706-0.926), 0.724 (95% CI, 0.526-0.923), and 0.750 (95% CI, 0.560-0.940), respectively. Moreover, the RM was more accurate than visual interpretations by either radiologist (radiologist 1, AUC = 0.554; radiologist 2, AUC = 0.598; both, P < .001) in the test cohort. Decision curve analysis showed that the RM provided a better net benefit to predicting intestinal fibrosis than the radiologists. CONCLUSIONS: A CTE-based RM allows for accurate characterization of intestinal fibrosis in CD.

20.
J Hazard Mater ; 413: 125295, 2021 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609865

RESUMO

Although the potential threats of metallic oxide nanoparticles (MNPs) to constructed wetland (CW) have been broadly reported, limited information is available regarding the long-term impact of nickel oxide nanoparticles (NiO NPs) on CWs at the environmentally relevant concentrations. Here, we comprehensively elucidated the responses in the treatment performance, enzyme activities, microbial properties, metabolic pathways and functional genes of CWs to chronic exposure of NiO NPs (0.1 and 1 mg/L) for 120 days, with a quantitative analysis on the fate and migration of NiO NPs within CWs. Nitrogen removal evidently declined under the long-term exposure to NiO NPs. Besides, NiO NPs induced a deterioration in phosphorus removal, but gradually restored over time. The activities of dehydrogenase (DHA), phosphatase (PST), urease (URE), ammonia oxygenase (AMO) and nitrate reductase (NAR) were inhibited to some extent under NiO NPs stress. Furthermore, NiO NPs exposure reduced bacterial diversity, shifted microbial composition and obviously inhibited the transcription of the ammonia oxidizing and denitrifying functional genes. The results of nickel mass balance indicated that the major removal mechanism of NiO NPs in CWs was through substrate adsorption and plants uptake. Thus, the ecological impacts of prolonged NiO NPs exposure at environmental concentrations should not be neglected.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanopartículas , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Nitrogênio , Fósforo , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Áreas Alagadas
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...