Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 77
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











Intervalo de ano
1.
Curr Pharm Des ; 25(24): 2609-2625, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603055

RESUMO

The conventional Drug Delivery System (DDS) has limitations such as leakage of the drug, toxicity to normal cells and loss of drug efficiency, while the stimuli-responsive DDS is non-toxic to cells, avoiding the leakage and degradation of the drug because of its targeted drug delivery to the pathological site. Thus nanomaterial chemistry enables - the development of smart stimuli-responsive DDS over the conventional DDS. Stimuliresponsive DDS ensures spatial or temporal, on-demand drug delivery to the targeted cancer cells. The DDS is engineered by using the organic (synthetic polymers, liposomes, peptides, aptamer, micelles, dendrimers) and inorganic (zinc oxide, gold, magnetic, quantum dots, metal oxides) materials. Principally, these nanocarriers release the drug at the targeted cells in response to external and internal stimuli such as temperature, light, ultrasound and magnetic field, pH value, redox potential (glutathione), and enzyme. The multi-stimuli responsive DDS is more promising than the single stimuli-responsive DDS in cancer therapy, and it extensively increases drug release and accumulation in the targeted cancer cells, resulting in better tumor cell ablation. In this regard, a handful of multi-stimuli responsive DDS is in clinical trials for further approval. A comprehensive review is crucial for addressing the existing knowledge about multi-stimuli responsive DDS, and hence, we summarized the emerging strategies in tailored ligand functionalized stimuli-responsive nanocarriers as the DDS for cancer therapies.

2.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 198: 111558, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357173

RESUMO

Facile and low cost garlic clove extract based silver nanoparticles was synthesized and its broad spectrum of therapeutic activity including antibiofilm, antiparasitic and anti-breast cancer activity was evaluated. The synthesized garlic­silver nanoparticles (G-AgNPs) were characterized by various physico-chemical techniques. G-AgNPs showed good optical property, highly crystalline nature, spherical shape and uniformly dispersed with size measuring between 10 and 50 nm. G-AgNPs have shown greater anti-bacterial and antibiofilm activity on clinically important pathogens methicillin-resistant S. aureus and P. aerigunosa at 100 µg ml-1. The efficacy of G-AgNPs against earthworm evidenced its effectiveness as anti-helminthic agent in treating intestinal parasites. The significant inhibition of BSA protein denaturation proves its anti-inflammatory property. In addition, G-AgNPs have shown remarkable anticancer effect and significantly inhibited the human breast cancer cell (MCF-7) viability at 100 µg ml-1 after 24 h. A noticeable change in the morphology of MCF-7 cells was also noticed. G-AgNPs were non-toxic to human HEK293 embryonic cells. Also, the non-toxic nature of G-AgNPs to C. cornuta and no morphological, physiological changes proved its safety to the environment. It is concluded that G-AgNPs have a broad range of biological applications and it can be used as an eco-friendly material without having negative effects in the environment.

3.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 671: 143-151, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31283911

RESUMO

Aptamer based drug delivery systems are gaining the importance in anticancer therapy due to their targeted drug delivery efficiency without harming the normal cells. The present work formulated the pH-dependent aptamer functionalized polymer-based drug delivery system against human lung cancer. The prepared aptamer functionalized doxorubicin (DOX) loaded poly (D, L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), poly (N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) nanoparticles (APT-DOX-PLGA-PVP NPs) were spherical in shape with an average size of 87.168 nm. The crystallography and presence of the PLGA (poly (D, L-lactic-co-glycolic acid)) and DOX (doxorubicin) in APT-DOX-PLGA-PVP NPs were indicated by the X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer (NMR). The pH-dependent aptamer AS1411 based drug release triggered the cancer cell death was evidenced by cytotoxicity assay, flow cytometry, and fluorescent microscopic imaging. In addition, the cellular uptake of the DOX was determined and the apoptosis-related signaling pathway in the A549 cells was studied by Western blot analysis. Further, the in vivo study revealed that mice treated with APT-DOX-PLGA-PVP NPs were significantly recovered from cancer as evident by mice weight and tumor size followed by the histopathological study. It was reported that the APT-DOX-PLGA-PVP NPs induced the apoptosis through the activation of the apoptosis-related proteins. Hence, the present study revealed that the APT-DOX-PLGA-PVP NPs improved the therapeutic efficiency through the nucleolin receptor endocytosis targeted drug release.

4.
Nutrients ; 11(7)2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262013

RESUMO

The Asian food pattern primarily embraces rice and rice-based products, which mainly comprise 90% starch. Among these various food products, Idli is mostly prepared through fermentation. It has high palatability, and the rapid and highly digestible nature of the food product results in a higher post-glucose level in diabetic patients. A heat-treated Idli rice sample was prepared by roasting parboiled rice at the temperature range of 155 to 165 °C for 65 to 75 s. Idli/rice-based Dokala made from heat-treated rice is better when compared to untreated rice in terms of its microbiological profile and physiochemical properties. The proximate composition of heat-treated parboiled rice Idli/Rice Dokala showed slightly higher values than the untreated parboiled rice Idli/Rice Dokala, which reveals that it has marginally higher nutritive value. Determination of the Rapidly Available Glucose (RAG) and Slowly Available Glucose (SAG) values, SEM analysis, resistant starch analysis, microbial assay, and in vivo studies were performed to determine the glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load in normal and diabetic persons. Sensory analysis also proved that heat-treated Idli/Rice Dokala is superior to untreated based on the color, flavor, appearance, taste, and texture.

5.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 3427-3438, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190801

RESUMO

Background: Biogenic silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have wider range of biomedical applications. The present work synthesized Tp-AgNPs using mycelial extract of endophytic fungus Talaromyces purpureogenus (MEEF), characterized, and analyzed for antibacterial, anti-proliferation and cell wounding healing activities. Methods: The synthesized Tp-AgNPs were characterized by UV-visible spectrophotometer (UV-Vis), field emission transmission electron microscopy (FETEM) with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), particle size analysis (PSA) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Further, antibacterial activity was determined by Kirby-Bauer test and anti-proliferation activity was tested in human lung carcinoma A549 by water-soluble tetrazolium and flow cytometer assay. In addition, cell wounding healing activity was determined by scratch assay. Results: UV-Vis results displayed a strong absorption peak from 390 nm to 420 nm, which indicated the successful synthesis of Tp-AgNPs. FETEM-EDS results indicated the round and triangle shaped Tp-AgNPs with the average size of 25 nm in accordance with PSA. FTIR analysis indicated the involvement of various functional molecules from MEEF in the synthesis of Tp-AgNPs. XRD result proved nature of Tp-AgNPs as a high-quality crystal. The Tp-AgNPs significantly inhibited the growth of bacterial pathogens at the minimal inhibitory concentration of 16.12 µg.mL-1 for Gram+, and 13.98 µg.mL-1 for Gram- bacteria. Further, Tp-AgNPs (2 µg.mL-1) showed a strong anti-proliferation effect in A549. Interestingly, Tp-AgNPs was not cytotoxic to normal NIH3T3 cells. In addition, the NPs exhibited a strong cell wounding healing activity. Conclusion: This work biosynthesized AgNPs with strong antibacterial, anticancer and cell wound healing properties using endophytic fungus T. purpureogenus.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/farmacologia , Talaromyces/metabolismo , Células A549 , Animais , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular , Testes de Sensibilidade a Antimicrobianos por Disco-Difusão , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Células NIH 3T3 , Prata/química , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Biomolecules ; 9(4)2019 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30934938

RESUMO

This work tested antioxidant, anti-lung cancer, and antibacterial activities by in vitro, in vivo, and computational experiments for the metabolites extracted from the bark, seed, and stem of Toxicodendron vernicifluum. The results showed that all the extracts significantly scavenged 1,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) in a dose-dependent manner. But, the total phenol content (TPC) ranged from 2.12 to 89.25% and total flavonoids content (TFC) ranged from 1.02 to 15.62% in the extracts. The methanolic bark extract (MBE) exhibited higher DPPH scavenging activity than the other extracts, probably due to the higher content of the TPC and TFC present in it. Among the extracts, only the MBE showed anti-lung cancer activity at an acceptable level with a therapeutic index value (22.26) against human lung carcinoma. This was due to the cancer cell death in A549 induced by MBE through reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, apoptosis, and cell arrest in G1 phase and inhibition of anti-pro-apoptotic protein survivin. Among the extracts, MBE showed significantly higher antibacterial activity as evident through the higher zone of inhibition 13 ± 0.5 mm against methycilin resistant strain of Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Salmonila enteria subp. enterica, and P. aeruginosa, 11 ± 0.3 mm against E. coli and 10 ± 0.2 mm against B. cereus. The MBE also showed an excellent antibacterial activity with lower minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC). Particularly, the MBE showed more significant antibacterial activity in MRSA. The in vivo antibacterial activity of the MBE was further tested in C. elegans model. The treatment of the MRSA induced cell disruption, damage and increased mortality of C. elegans as compared to the untreated and MBE treated C. elegans with normal OP50 diet. Moreover, the MBE treatment enhanced the survival of the MRSA infected C. elegans. The compounds, such as 2,3,3-trimethyl-Octane and benzoic from the MBE, metabolized the novel bacterial topoisomerases inhibitor (NBTI) and MRSA related protein (PBP2a). Overall the T. vernicifluum is potentially bioactive as evident by antioxidant, anti-lung cancer, and antibacterial assays. Further studies were targeted on the purification of the novel compounds for the clinical evaluation.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Bifenilo/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Picratos/antagonistas & inibidores , Toxicodendron/química , Células A549 , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Caenorhabditis elegans/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
7.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 5787, 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30962456

RESUMO

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are gaining importance in health and environment. This study synthesized AgNPs using the bark extract of a plant, Toxicodendron vernicifluum (Tv) as confirmed by a absorption peak at 420 nm corresponding to the Plasmon resonance of AgNPs. The AgNPs were spherical, oval-shaped with size range of 2-40 nm as evident by field emission transmission electron microscopy (FE-TEM) and particle size analysis (PSA). The particles formed were crystalline by the presence of (111), (220) and (200) planes, as revealed by X ray diffraction (XRD) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The presence of amine, amide, phenolic, and alcoholic aromatics derived from Tv extract was found to be capping and or reducing agents as evident by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) spectra. The Tv-AgNPs were observed to be biocompatible to chick embryonic and NIH3T3 cells at various concentrations. Interestingly, Tv-AgNPs at the concentration of 320 µg. mL-1 induced 82.5% of cell death in human lung cancer, A549 cells and further 95% of cell death with annexin V FITC/PI based apoptosis. The Tv-AgNPs selectively targeted and damaged the cancer cells through ROS generation. The Tv-AgNPs displayed minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 8.12 µg.mL-1 and 18.14 µg.mL-1 against STEC and H. pylori respectively. This multi-potent property of Tv-AgNPs was due to shape and size specific property that facilitated easy penetration into the bacterial and cancer cells for targeted therapy.

8.
Microb Pathog ; 128: 236-244, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30611769

RESUMO

This work tested anti- Helicobacter pylori, free radicals scavenging and toxicity property as well as chemical constituents in the extract of chloroform (CE) and ethyl acetate (EAE) from the pedicel of Diospyros kaki L. (PDK-CE and PDK-EAE). There were 33 and 36 chemical constituents respectively in the extracts of PDK-CE and PDK-EAE, belonging to the fatty acids methyl ester, fatty acids, and stearic acids, as revealed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The extracts did not exhibit any toxicity on NIH3T3 cells, but they significantly showed scavenging of NO, DPPH, and H2O2 free radicals. The extracts displayed in vitro anti-H. pylori activity. PDK-CE had the maximum inhibitory zone at a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 10 µg. ml-1 and the extract also triggered the cellular damage in the bacteria. PDK-CE extract had a high urease inhibitory activity (IC50 value of 8.5 µg). Further, in silico studies was performed by using 41 compounds against H. pylori urease (HPU) and H. pylori peptide deformylase (HPPD). The score value was the maximum (-19.58 kcal/mol) against HPU with 17-(5-ethyl-6-methylheptan-2-yl)-10,13-dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16,17-dodecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-ol, while the score value was the maximum (-14.51 kcal/mol) against HPPD with hexadecanoic acid. The results demonstrated the importance of the pedicel extracts in future pharmaceutical drug development against H. pylori infections.


Assuntos
Amidoidrolases/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Diospyros/química , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Urease/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião de Galinha , Membrana Corioalantoide/efeitos dos fármacos , Depuradores de Radicais Livres , Radicais Livres , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Helicobacter pylori/enzimologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Células NIH 3T3/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Picratos/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química
9.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 190: 103-109, 2018 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30508758

RESUMO

In this report, copper oxide nanoparticles (TA-CuO NPs) were synthesized using cell-free extract of Trichoderma asperellum and assessed their photothermal induced anticancerous activity. The fungal mediated TA-CuO NPs was confirmed by the surface plasmon resonance at 285-295 nm. The amide (CO) and aromatic (CC) groups in secondary metabolites of the extract was found to be an encapsulating or reducing agents for TA-CuO NPs, as indicated by IR spectra. Crystalline nature by cubic face-centered structure of the TA-CuO NPs was confirmed by XRD and their size ranges from 10 to 190 nm and an average of 110 nm by particle size analyzer (PSA). The Ultra HRSEM study revealed spherical shaped TA-CuO NPs. The FETEM results were also in strong agreement with PSA and UHR SEM. The survey-scan spectrum of XPS indicated the presence of C1s (47.83%), Cu2p (16.11%), Na1s (2.2%) and O1s (33.86%). The cell death was significantly found higher in photothermal induced by near-infrared laser (TA-CuO NPs-NIR) treated than that of TA-CuO NPs treatment. The level of ROS (35.62%) was higher in the treated cells than that of the untreated control, in accordance with the nucleus damage and losses in the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm). The upregulation of Bcl-2 in the untreated cells and Cas-3 in TA-CuO NPs-NIR treated cells was confirmed by western blot analysis. This work agreed with the potential biogenic TA-CuO NPs for promising in vitro photothermolysis of cancer cells, for the development of anticancer nanotherapeutics.

10.
Curr Pharm Des ; 2018 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30465496

RESUMO

Biopolymers are ubiquitous in biomedical and healthcare application. Its nanocomposites have gained the more attention as antimicrobials, drug carrier, sensors, disease diagnosis, tissue engineering, wound healing and cancer therapy. These biopolymer composites are efficient in holding, protect and releasing the bioactive drugs such as pharmaceutics, nutraceuticals, enzymes and probiotics. Several studies are revealed that polymer based drug delivery system in cancer therapy and microbial treatments so on. However, this mini review emphasized the source, extraction, and characterizations of the biopolymers and their use in the fabrication of various drug or metals based nanocomposites followed by its utilization as drug carrier or drug to treat the various diseases such as antimicrobial infections and cancer. Keywords: polymers: drug delivery system, antimicrobials, anticancer agents, drug carrier.

11.
Microb Pathog ; 126: 19-26, 2018 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30316006

RESUMO

The present study aimed to purify and identify the metabolites from T. atroviride using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer (NMR) followed by analyzing their toxicological, antibacterial and anticancer properties. This work identified two metabolites - TM1 and TM2. TM1 was in two forms: (i) 1, 3-dione-5, 5-dimethylcyclohexane; and, (ii) 2-enone-3hydroxy -5,5-dimethylcylohex, while TM2 was 4H-1,3-dioxin-4-one-2,3,6-trimethyl. These metabolites did not exhibit any irritant or allergic reaction as revealed by HET- CAM test. TM2 significantly inhibited the growth of H. pylori and Shigella toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) as evident by in vitro and microscopic observations of bacterial cell death. TM2 also induced the cell death and cytotoxicity, as revealed by cell viability test and western blot analysis. According to microscopic, flow cytometer and western blot analysis, TM2 treated cells displayed higher ROS, cell death, and apoptosis-related protein expression than TM1 and control. This study concluded that TM2 derived from T. atroviride was a potential therapeutic agent for anti-prostate cancer and antibiotic agent against MDR- H. pylori and STEC and it is also recommended to carry out further in vivo animal model experiments with improved stability of the metabolites for future pharmaceutical trails.

12.
PLoS One ; 13(10): e0203306, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281596

RESUMO

This study aimed at investigating the antimicrobial activity of different solvent extracts of Chinese cabbage Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis (BRARP) and their antioxidant and cytotoxicity properties. Of the different solvents extracts, the chloroform extracts (CE) were significantly inhibited the bacterial pathogens at minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 16.5 mg.mL-1. Biochemical analysis revealed that total phenol (62.6 ± 0.05 mg GAE.g-1) and flavonoids (27.6 ± 0.04 mg QE.g-1) were higher in the extracts of BRARP, which resulted in enhanced antioxidant activity in CE. A total of eight dominant compounds were detected in the potent antimicrobial extract from BRARP based on GC-MS analysis. The molecular interactions study revealed that, among the screened compounds the 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid and 2,3-dicyanopropionamide interacted with the active site of pathogenicity and survival related protein with lipopolysaccharide (LpxC) with higer binding energy. This work concluded that the 1, 2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid and 2, 3-Dicyanopropionamide from BRARP was reported to be good non-cytotoxic and antioxidant antimicrobials against bacterial pathogens.

13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 118(Pt B): 1542-1549, 2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30170364

RESUMO

This paper reports the synthesis of chitosan nanoparticles (T-CSNPs) using the fungal enzyme of Trichoderma harzianum and its biocompatibility, antioxidant and bactericidal properties. The T-CSNPs synthesis was confirmed by absorbance at 280 nm using UV-Vis spectrophotometer. T-CSNPs were of spherical shape, as evident by field emission transmission electron microscopic (FETEM) analysis, and the average size of T-CSNPs was 90.8 nm, as calculated using particle size analyzer (PSA). The functional groups showed modifications of chitosan in T-CSNPs as evident by fourier-transform infrared spectroscopic (FTIR) analysis. T-CSNPs were found soluble at the wide range of pH, showing 100% solubility at pH 1-3 and 72% at pH 10. The T-CSNPs exhibited antioxidant property in a dose-dependent manner with pronounced activity at 100 mg·mL-1. The T-CSNPs also showed bactericidal activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella enterica Typhimurium by causing detrimental effects on bacterial cells. The T-CSNPs (50 µg·mL-1) did not display any cytotoxic effect on murine fibroblast NIH-3T3 cells, as evident by cell viability and acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining assays, which confirmed biocompatibility of the nanoparticles. This work suggested further investigations on the utilization of the mycosynthesized nanochitosan in biomedical applications.

14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 119: 1144-1153, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30092310

RESUMO

Chitosan (CS), a novel biomaterial is widely used as a drug nano-carrier for cancer treatments. Towards this aim, anticancer and antibacterial activities of CS-nanoparticles-linked zinc (Zn-CSNPs) were evaluated. The particle size of CSNPs was lowered (113.09 nm) compared to Zn-CSNPs (160.7 nm). Both nanoparticles (CSNPs and Zn-CSNPs) were spherical in shape, polydispersive and homogenous. Fourier transforms infrared spectrophotometer (FTIR) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analysis confirmed the different molecular arrangement of NPs and the presence of Zn in Zn-CSNPs and CS in both NPs, respectively. Zn-CSNPs had higher inhibitory activity against tested pathogens with a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 9.25-13.5 µg·mL-1 and showed the complete inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Zn-CSNPs have triggered the apoptosis through activation of first apoptosis signal receptor/cluster of differentiation 95 (Fas/CD95), and apoptotic-regulatory genes and caused 65-70% of cellular damage in human acute T-lymphocyte leukemia (6T-CEM) cells. Overall, internalizing properties of Zn from CSNPs is a promising therapeutic approach to treat Zn-deficiency related diseases particularly human acute leukemia (HAL).

15.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 185: 126-135, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29886331

RESUMO

This article reports the utilization of seed extract (GSE) from Gardenia jasminoides Ellis. in the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Gs-AgNPs) with versatile biological activities. The synthesized Gs-AgNPs were spherical in shape, crystal lattice with an average size of 20 nm as confirmed by UV-vis spectrum, X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Transmission electron microscopy with Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (TEM-EDS) and particle size analyses (PSA). Phenolic compounds, proteins, and terpenoids were likely involved in the Gs-AgNPs synthesis, as indicated by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. The minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of the Gs-AgNPs was 12.5 µg·ml-1 for S. enterica Typhimurium and 10 µg·ml-1 for S. aureus. The MBC of the Gs-AgNPs induced >70% bacterial cell death within 60 min, as confirmed by growth curve analysis followed by Confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Gs-AgNPs showed the highest scavenging activity for 1, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl DPPH radical (92.3 ±â€¯0.86%), Nitric oxide (NO) radical (72.5 ±â€¯2.15%), and Hydrogen peroxide H2O2 radical (85.25 ±â€¯1.45%). Anticancer results revealed an IC50 of 15.625 ±â€¯1.3 µg·ml-1 for Gs-AgNPs, whereas it was 580.54 ±â€¯2.5 µg·ml-1 for GSE. The Gs-AgNPs generated high reactive oxygen species (ROS) resulting in induced apoptosis as evident by up-regulation of apoptosis-related protein. In addition, the photocatalytic results revealed about 92% of the reduction in Coomassie Brilliant Blue dye color with Gs-AgNPs. Hence, this work provided economically viable and ecologically sustainable Gs-AgNPs as an alternative biomaterial for future therapeutic applications as antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-cancer agents and in dye degradation for water remediation.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Gardenia/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/química , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Catálise , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Gardenia/metabolismo , Química Verde , Células HeLa , Humanos , Luz , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Extratos Vegetais/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Salmonella enterica/efeitos dos fármacos , Sementes/química , Sementes/metabolismo , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Microb Pathog ; 115: 338-342, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29307755

RESUMO

Trichoderma species are a rich source of metabolites, but less known for biomedical potential. This work deals with antibacterial and antioxidant potentials of intracellular non-cytotoxic metabolites, extracted from Trichoderma atroviride (KNUP001). A total of 53 fractions was collected by column chromatography and tested for cytotoxicity by MTT assay. Only one fraction (F41) was found to be non-toxic to Vero cells with 95.4 ±â€¯0.61% of survival. The F41 was then subjected to chemical analysis, antibacterial and antioxidant assays. The F41 at 500 µg ml-1 showed the total antioxidant of 48.70 ±â€¯2.90%, DPPH radical scavenging activity of 37.25 ±â€¯2.25, nitric oxide (NO) radical scavenging activity of 54.55 ±â€¯1.95 and H2O2 radical scavenging activity of 43.75 ±â€¯3.21. The F41 at 25 µg ml-1 displayed antibacterial activity against E. coli (14.25 ±â€¯0.25 mm), Proteus mirabilis (10.40 ±â€¯0.60 mm), and Enterobacter aerogenes (5.60 ±â€¯0.40 mm). GC-MS analysis revealed the dominant presence of oleic acid C 18.1 (63.18%), n-hexadecanoic acid (6.17%), and ethyl oleate (4.93%) in the F41, and hence these fatty acids are likely responsible for the antioxidant and antibacterial activities of F41. Hence, further investigation deserves on purification and characterization of the active metabolites from T. atroviride strain KNUP001 towards developing molecular leads to effective antibacterial drugs, and non-toxic to host cells.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Extratos Celulares/farmacologia , Enterobacter aerogenes/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteus mirabilis/efeitos dos fármacos , Trichoderma/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cercopithecus aethiops , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Ácido Oleico/análise , Ácidos Oleicos/análise , Ácido Palmítico/análise , Células Vero
17.
Microb Pathog ; 114: 269-273, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29208539

RESUMO

Antibacterial silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are synthesized from various biological resources, but studies on Trichoderma-based synthesis are limited. Hence, the current work synthesized antibacterial silver nanoparticles using Trichoderma atroviride and also tested for their biomedical properties. AgNPs synthesis was confirmed by the occurrence of plasmon resonance at 390-400 nm in the UV-vis spectrum. FTIR spectrum displayed the bands at 1115.4 and 3450 cm-1 indicating the vibrations of the metallic oxides. Transmission electron microscopic and EDX analysis confirmed a high percentage signal of anisotropic structural AgNPs with the size of 15-25 nm. The AgNPs exhibited high antibacterial activity and DPPH scavenging activity in a dosedependent manner. The cytotoxicity assay \\\\ indicated that the AgNPs triggered the cancer cell death at the inhibitory concentration of IC50 16.5 µg/ml. Current work reported for the first time Trichoderma atroviride based synthesis of anisotropic structural AgNPs with the relatively small size of 15-25 nm with remarkable anti-bacterial, antioxidant and cytotoxicity activities, and this deserves future investigations for biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/química , Trichoderma/metabolismo , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Tamanho da Partícula , Prata/farmacologia , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
18.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 89: 559-564, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28254667

RESUMO

We investigated the anti-cancer activity and molecular mechanism of dichloromethane fraction (DCM-AH) of ethanolic extract from Asiasarum heterotropoides radix. The KB cancer cells and HEK293 cells were exposed to DCM-AH in the same condition and found the cell viability of KB cell decreased significantly while the HEK293 cell showed a slight reduction. This finding suggested DCM-AH performed an anti-cancer activity in a dose and time dependent manner. As evidence for the DCM-AH inhibited the proliferation via modulating the cell cycle, flow cytometry and Western blot were conducted, it induced cell S phase arrest by upregulation of p21, p53, and cyclin E1 along with the downregulation of cyclin A2 and D1. Besides, it inhibited the proliferation of KB cells by triggering apoptosis, the stimulation of 4µg/mL DCM-AH obviously induced DNA condensation with an apoptotic rate of 31.2%. Undergoing mechanism was detected by Western blot, the upregulated expression of Bax, cleaved caspase-3, and -9 meantime downregulation of Bcl-2 explained it induced apoptosis by the intrinsic pathway.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Asarum/química , Cloreto de Metileno/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Fase S/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/biossíntese , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Genes cdc/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Células KB , Solventes
19.
J Oral Sci ; 58(1): 125-31, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27021549

RESUMO

Angelicae Dahuricae Radix has been used for the treatment of headaches, rhinitis, and colds in traditional medicine. Methanol, ethanol, and water extracts of Angelicae Dahuricae Radix were collected. A statistically significant reduction in the cellular viability of the mouse leukemic monocyte macrophage cell line was noted after treatment with water extracts of Angelicae Dahuricae Radix. Stimulation with lipopolysaccharides (LPS) for 24 h led to a robust increase in nitric oxide production, but Angelicae Dahuricae Radix at 400 µg/mL concentration significantly suppressed nitric oxide produced by the LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells in 70% ethanol, absolute ethanol, 70% methanol, absolute methanol, and boiling water groups (P < 0.05). Pretreatment with absolute ethanol extract of Angelicae Dahuricae Radix suppressed the LPS-stimulated inducible nitric oxide synthase, interleukin-1ß, and cycloxygenase-2 expression. Angelicae Dahuricae Radix showed significant cytotoxic effects on the human adenocarcinoma cell line and keratin-forming cell line. (J Oral Sci 58, 125-131, 2016).


Assuntos
Angelica/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Etanol/química , Metanol/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Água
20.
Nutr Res Pract ; 9(6): 579-85, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26634045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sonchus asper is used extensively as an herbal anti-inflammatory for treatment of bronchitis, asthma, wounds, burns, and cough; however, further investigation is needed in order to understand the underlying mechanism. To determine its mechanism of action, we examined the effects of an ethyl acetate fraction (EAF) of S. asper on nitric oxide (NO) production and prostaglandin-E2 levels in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages. MATERIALS/METHODS: An in vitro culture of RAW264.7 macrophages was treated with LPS to induce inflammation. RESULTS: Treatment with EAF resulted in significant suppression of oxidative stress in RAW264.7 macrophages as demonstrated by increased endogenous superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and intracellular glutathione levels, decreased generation of reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxidation, and restoration of the mitochondrial membrane potential. To confirm its anti-inflammatory effects, analysis of expression of inducible NO synthase, cyclooxygenase-2, tumor necrosis factor-α, and the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and IL-6 was performed using semi-quantitative RT-PCR. EAF treatment resulted in significantly reduced dose-dependent expression of all of these factors, and enhanced expression of the antioxidants MnSOD and heme oxygenase-1. In addition, HPLC fingerprint results suggest that rutin, caffeic acid, and quercetin may be the active ingredients in EAF. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, findings of this study imply that the anti-inflammatory effect of EAF on LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells is mediated by suppression of oxidative stress.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA