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1.
ACS Nano ; 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533290

RESUMO

Postoperative adhesion is a common complication of abdominal surgery, which always has many adverse effects in patients. At present, there is still a lack of effective treatment measures and materials to prevent adhesion in the clinics. Herein, we report the potential use of J-1-ADP hydrogel formed by natural antimicrobial peptide jelleine-1 (J-1) self-assembling in adenosine diphosphate (ADP) sodium solution to prevent postsurgery adhesion formation. J-1-ADP hydrogel was found to have good antimicrobial activity against the bacteria and fungi tested and can be used to prevent tissue infection, which was thought to be one of the incitements of adhesion. Due to ADP being a platelet-activating factor, J-1-ADP hydrogel showed significant hemostatic activity in vitro verified by whole blood coagulation, plasma coagulation, platelet activation, and platelet adhesion assays. Further, it showed potent hemostatic activity in a mouse liver hemorrhage model. Bleeding was believed to be a cause of the formation of postsurgery adhesion. J-1-ADP hydrogel had a significant antiadhesion effect in a rat side wall defect-cecum abrasion model. In addition, it had good biocompatibility and degradation properties. So the present study may provide an alternative strategy for designing antimicrobial peptide hydrogel material to prevent postoperative adhesion formation in the clinic.

2.
New Phytol ; 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35491444

RESUMO

Salicylic acid (SA) is a key phytohormone regulating plant immunity. Although the transcriptional regulation of SA biosynthesis has been well-studied, its post-translational regulation is largely unknown. We report that a Kelch repeats-containing F-box (KFB) protein, SMALL AND GLOSSY LEAVES 1 (SAGL1), negatively influences SA biosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana by mediating the proteolytic turnover of SYSTEMIC ACQUIRED RESISTANCE DEFICIENT 1 (SARD1), a master transcription factor that directly drives SA biosynthesis during immunity. Loss of SAGL1 resulted in characteristic growth inhibition. Combining metabolomic, transcriptional and phenotypic analyses, we found that SAGL1 represses SA biosynthesis and SA-mediated immune activation. Genetic crosses to mutants that are deficient in SA biosynthesis blocked the SA overaccumulation in sagl1 and rescued its growth. Biochemical and proteomic analysis identified that SAGL1 interacts with SARD1 and promotes the degradation of SARD1 in a proteasome-dependent manner. These results unravelled a critical role of KFB protein SAGL1 in maintaining SA homeostasis via controlling SARD1 stability.

3.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 146: 108128, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35429916

RESUMO

Green microalgae are gaining attention in the renewable energy field due to their ability to convert light into energy in biophotovoltaic (BPV) cells. The poor exogenous electron transfer kinetics of such microorganisms requires the use of redox mediators to improve the performance of related biodevices. Redox polymers are advantageous in the development of subcellular-based BPV devices by providing an improved electron transfer while simultaneously serving as immobilization matrix. However, these surface-confined redox mediators have been rarely used in microorganism-based BPVs. Since electron transfer relies on the proximity between cells and the redox centres at the polymer matrix, the development of molecularly tailored surfaces is of great significance to fabricate more efficient BPV cells. We propose a bioanode integrating Chlorella vulgaris embedded in an Os complex-modified redox polymer. Chlorella vulgaris cells are functionalized with 3-aminophenylboronic acid that exhibits high affinity to saccharides in the cell wall as a basis for an improved integration with the redox polymer. Maximum photocurrents of (5 ± 1) µA cm-2 are achieved. The developed bioanode is further coupled to a bilirubin oxidase-based biocathode for a proof-of-concept BPV cell. The obtained results encourage the optimization of electron-transfer pathways toward the development of advanced microalgae-based biophotovoltaic devices.

4.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e051093, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35443942

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Family Resilience (FaRE) Questionnaire among patients with breast cancer in China. DESIGN: It was a cross-sectional study, which involved translation, back-translation, cultural adjustment and psychometric testing of a 24-item FaRE Questionnaire. SETTING: Three tertiary hospitals in Zhengzhou, China: respectively are the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Second Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University and Henan Provincial People's hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 559 patients with breast cancer volunteered to participate in the study PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Data analysis was performed using the IBM SPSS software V.21.0 and AMOS software V.21.0. Cronbach's α coefficient was used to examine the internal consistency. The test-retest reliability was calculated using the intraclass correlation coefficient on 30 participants. The content validity index was calculated based on the values obtained from six expert opinions. Construct validity test was performed using factor analysis including exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. RESULTS: For the Chinese version of FaRE Questionnaire, the Cronbach's α coefficient of the total questionnaire was 0.909, and Cronbach's α coefficients of four factors were 0.902, 0.932, 0.905 and 0.963, respectively. The test-retest reliability index of the total questionnaire was 0.905. The Scale-Content Validity Index was 0.97, and Item-Content Validity Index ranged from 0.83 to 1.00. The questionnaire included 24 items, exploratory factor analysis extracted four factors with loading >0.4, which could explain 72.146% of the total variance. Confirmatory factor analysis showed the Chinese version of FaRE Questionnaire had an excellent four-factor model consistent with the original questionnaire. CONCLUSION: The Chinese version of FaRE Questionnaire has acceptable reliability and validity among patients with breast cancer in China. It can effectively assess family resilience and provide basis for personalised family resilience interventions for patients with breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Resiliência Psicológica , China , Estudos Transversais , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 760932, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35464320

RESUMO

Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is pathologically characterized by progressive dopaminergic (DAergic) neuron loss in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and accumulation of intracytoplasmic α-synuclein-containing Lewy bodies. Autophagy has been identified as a critical component in the development and progression of PD. Several autophagy genes have been identified as being altered in PD. One of those genes, vacuole membrane protein-1 (VMP1), an autophagy protein localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in DAergic neurons, has been shown to cause motor disorder, severe loss of DAergic neurons, and autophagy flux disturbance in the VMP1 knockout mouse model. Objective: To evaluate for the first time the alteration on the expression of the VMP1 gene and its clinical correlations in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of a relatively large sample of PD patients. Methods: We assessed the VMP1 mRNA levels in PD patients (n = 229) and healthy controls (HC) (n = 209) using real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), and the VMP1 protein levels in PD patients (n = 27) and HC (n = 27) using Western blot (WB). Then, we analyzed the VMP1 expression levels and clinical features of PD patients. Results: Our findings revealed that VMP1 levels in the PD group were significantly lower than in the HC group (RT-qPCR p < 0.01 and WB p < 0.001). The VMP1 expression was significantly lower as the disease progressed, which could be ameliorated by administering DAergic receptor agonists. Moreover, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that VMP1 mRNA and protein level area under the curves (AUCs) were 64.5%, p < 0.01, and 83.4%, p < 0.01, respectively. Conclusion: This case-control study demonstrates that peripheral VMP1 level altered in PD patients and may serve as a potential endogenous diagnostic marker of PD.

6.
Cancer Cell Int ; 22(1): 141, 2022 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35361205

RESUMO

Circular RNA (circRNA), a new type of endogenous non-coding RNA, is abundantly present in eukaryotic cells, and characterized as stable high conservation and tissue specific expression. It has been generated increasing attention because of their close association with the progress of diseases. The liver is the vital organ of humans, while it is prone to acute and chronic diseases due to the influence of multiple pathogenic factors. Moreover, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the one of most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Overwhelming evidences indicate that some circRNAs are differentially expressed in liver diseases, such as, HCC, chronic hepatitis B, hepatic steatosis and hepatoblastoma tissues, etc. Additionally, these circRNAs are related to proliferation, invasion, migration, angiogenesis, apoptosis, and metastasis of cell in liver diseases and act as oncogenic agents or suppressors, and linked to clinical manifestations. In this review, we briefly summarize the biogenesis, characterization and biological functions, recent detection and identification technologies of circRNA, and regulation network mechanism of circRNA in liver diseases, and discuss their potential values as biomarkers or therapeutic targets for liver diseases, especially on HCC.

7.
Opt Express ; 30(5): 8027-8048, 2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35299553

RESUMO

The space-borne gravitational wave (GW) detectors, e.g., LISA, TaiJi, and TianQin, will open the window in the low-frequency regime (0.1 mHz to 1 Hz) to study the highly energetic cosmic events, such as coalescences and mergers of binary black holes and neutron stars. For the sake of successful observatory of GWs, the required strain sensitivity of the detector is approximately 10-21/Hz1/2 in the science band, 7 orders of magnitude better than the state of the art of the ultra-stable laser. Arm locking is therefore proposed to reduce the laser phase noise by a few orders of magnitude to relax the burden of time delay interferometry. During the past two decades, various schemes have been demonstrated by using single or dual arms between the spacecraft, with consideration of the gain, the nulls in the science band, and the frequency pulling characteristics, etc. In this work, we describe an updated version of single arm locking, and the noise amplification due to the nulls can be flexibly restricted with the help of optical frequency comb. We show that the laser phase noise can be divided by a specific factor with optical frequency comb as the bridge. The analytical results indicate that, the peaks in the science band have been greatly reduced. The performance of the noise suppression shows that the total noise after arm locking can well satisfy the requirement of time delay interferometry, even with the free-running laser source. When the laser source is pre-stabilized to a Fabry-Perot cavity or a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, the noise can reach the floor determined by the clock noise, the spacecraft motion, and the shot noise. We also estimate the frequency pulling characteristics of the updated single arm locking, and the results suggest that the pulling rate can be tolerated, without the risk of mode hopping. Arm locking will be a valuable solution for the noise reduction in the space-borne GW detectors. We demonstrate that, with the precise control of the returned laser phase noise, the noise amplification in the science band can be efficiently suppressed based on the updated single arm locking. Not only does our method allow the suppression of the peaks, the high gain, and low pulling rate, it can also serve for full year, without the potential risk of locking failure due to the arm length mismatch. We then discuss the unified demonstration of the updated single arm locking, where both the local and the returned laser phase noises can be tuned to generate the expected arm-locking sensor actually. Finally, the time-series simulations in Simulink have been carried out, and the results indicate a good agreement with the theory, showing that the presented method is reasonable and feasible. Our work could provide a back-up strategy for the arm locking in the future space-borne GW detectors.

8.
Chem Biodivers ; 19(4): e202200008, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35218148

RESUMO

Two new cerebroside metabolites were isolated from the fermented sponge-derived fungus extract of Hortaea werneckii. They were hortacerebroside A (1) ((2R,3E)-N-[(2S,3R,4E,8E)-1-(ß-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-3-hydroxy-9-methylhenicosa-4,8-dien-2-yl]-2-hydroxypentadec-3-enamide) and hortacerebroside B (2) ((2R)-N-[(2S,3R,4E,8E)-1-(ß-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-3-hydroxy-9-methylhenicosa-4,8-dien-2-yl]-2-hydroxypentadecanamide). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis and by comparison of the spectroscopic data with those of related cerebroside analogs. These two compounds showed significant inhibitory effect on NO produced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. The IC50 values of hortacerebroside A (1) and hortacerebroside B (2) were 7 and 5 µM, respectively. These results suggested the potential application of these cerebrosides as drug leads targeting inflammatory-related disorders.


Assuntos
Exophiala , Cerebrosídeos/química
9.
Int J Legal Med ; 136(2): 527-537, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35102446

RESUMO

Short tandem repeat (STR) loci are commonly used in forensic casework, such as personal identification and paternity testing. In recent years, STR has also been widely used for rapid, accurate and automated prenatal diagnosis, known as quantitative fluorescent PCR (QF-PCR). Despite their usefulness, the current systems often lack the power to detect mosaicism for Turner syndrome. In this study, we developed a novel 26-plex system that combined the 22 STRs in chromosome 21/18/13/X, 3 sex loci and 1 quality control marker (TAF9L). The system was generated to achieve greater diagnostic power of trisomy 21/18/13 and sex chromosome abnormalities. Studies of the sensitivity, specificity, stability and accuracy were performed according to the Scientific Working Group on DNA Analysis Methods (SWGDAM) guidelines. Compared with the results of the chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA)/copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq), the detection ratio of non-mosaic chromosome abnormalities of this system in the identification of chromosome 21/18/13/X/Y aneuploidies reached 100%, and the rate of negative results was consistently 100% based on 203 prenatal diagnosis sample analyses. In addition, our results suggested that this panel was a useful tool for mosaicism for Turner syndrome cases. Interestingly, we found one case with large segment loss of chromosome X, which indicated that we should be alert to this situation when the STR genotype of the parent-child is inconsistent in forensic genetics. In summary, this study demonstrated that our system is an accurate, cost-effective and rapid approach for the detection of chromosome numerical abnormalities in prenatal diagnosis.


Assuntos
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Repetições de Microssatélites , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos
10.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 122: 206-214, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35158069

RESUMO

For commercial aquatic animals, hypoxia phenomenon often occurs in live transport and aquaculture. In previous studies, much interest has been focused on antioxidant enzyme activities and could not present the complexities. The multifaceted responses, especially considering physiological indexes, histological structure, cell apoptosis, and immune pathways, are still unknown. In this study, we investigated the comprehensive hypoxic responses of Marsupenaeus japonicus. The results showed that the physiological indexes showed time-dependent changes upon hypoxia stress. Hypoxia stress led to significant tissue damage and cell apoptosis in the gill and hepatopancreas. Compared with the control group, the apoptosis index (AI) of the 12 h hypoxic treatment increased significantly (p < 0.05) in the gills and hepatopancreas. Comparative transcriptome analysis identified 900 and 1400 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the gill and hepatopancreas, respectively. Several DEGs were related to the lysosome, glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, citrate cycle, and apoptosis, and seven of them were validated using quantitative real-time PCR. This study provided valuable clues to understanding the mechanisms underlying the hypoxic responses of M. japonicus.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Animais , Apoptose , Hepatopâncreas , Hipóxia , Imunidade Inata/genética
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 825: 153985, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35189242

RESUMO

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) in soil is a key factor affecting the bioavailability of heavy metals, but very few studies have focused on the role of DOM in the use of soil amendments to mitigate heavy metal accumulation in crops. Here, eleven materials were added to cadmium (Cd)-contaminated paddy soil in greenhouse pot trials; rice was grown and harvested, the chemodiversity of post-harvest soil DOM was characterized using Fourier-Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry, and the specific associations between soil DOM traits and water-extractable soil Cd concentration were identified at the molecular level. The results showed that the endogenous release caused by altering soil pH had a greater effect on soil DOM concentration than did the exogenous chemical input due to the application of organic amendments, which in turn contributed to the chemodiversity of DOM. After one season of rice cultivation, soil DOM molecules were mainly dominated by relatively low molecular weight heteroatom-free lignins. C/N, C/H ratios of organic materials influenced DOM molecular fingerprint patterns, and soil pH and redox potential were the main driving forces affecting the chemodiversity of DOM. Furthermore, the low molecular weight, high saturation, low aromaticity, and heteroatom-free DOM molecules are more likely to dissolve Cd from the soil solid phase, thus increasing the potential risk of Cd to the environment. The results provide critical information about amendments-induced changes in DOM chemodiversity and will inform the selection of appropriate soil amendments.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Oryza , Poluentes do Solo , 2,5-Dimetoxi-4-Metilanfetamina , Cádmio/análise , Poluição Ambiental/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise
12.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; : e2100857, 2022 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35212448

RESUMO

SCOPE: Glycine is commonly used as an additive in bone health supplements, the activity and differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are essential to bone metabolism, but the effect of Glycine on bone metabolism and specific mechanism are not fully clarified. METHODS AND RESULTS: The ovariectomized rats to evaluate the effects of Glycine on bone quality and quantity is constructed; then used an ER signaling inhibitor (ICI182780) and an ERα deficient BMSCs to explore how Glycine mediated ERα regulating the osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs; furthermore, an autodock analysis is used to assess the affinity of Glycine and ERα. The results show that Glycine significantly moderated bone mass and bone microstructure in ovariectomized rats; Glycine stimulates the osteogenic differentiation and attenuates the adipogenic differentiation in OVX rats and BMSCs, and these effects could be abolished by ICI 182780; further docking experiment showes that Glycine and ERα have a stronger affinity, and finally proves that the impact of Glycine could be blocked by ERα. CONCLUSION: Glycine stimulates osteogenesis and attenuates adipogenesis in ovariectomized rats, which process may involve in ERα mediated ER signaling pathway.

13.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 86, 2022 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35100996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F. H. Chen (PN) belonging to the genus Panax of family Araliaceae is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat various diseases. PN taproot, as the most vital organ for the accumulation of bioactive components, presents a variable morphology (oval or long), even within the same environment. However, no related studies have yet explained the molecular mechanism of phenotypic differences. To investigate the cause of differences in the taproot phenotype, de novo and comparative transcriptomic analysis on PN taproot was performed. RESULTS: A total of 133,730,886 and 114,761,595 paired-end clean reads were obtained based on high-throughput sequencing from oval and long taproot samples, respectively. 121,955 unigenes with contig N50 = 1,774 bp were generated by using the de novo assembly transcriptome, 63,133 annotations were obtained with the BLAST. And then, 42 genes belong to class III peroxidase (PRX) gene family, 8 genes belong to L-Ascorbate peroxidase (APX) gene family, and 55 genes belong to a series of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) gene family were identified based on integrated annotation results. Differentially expressed genes analysis indicated substantial up-regulation of PnAPX3 and PnPRX45, which are related to reactive oxygen species metabolism, and the PnMPK3 gene, which is related to cell proliferation and plant root development, in long taproots compared with that in oval taproots. Furthermore, the determination results of real-time quantitative PCR, enzyme activity, and H2O2 content verified transcriptomic analysis results. CONCLUSION: These results collectively demonstrate that reactive oxygen species (ROS) metabolism and the PnMPK3 gene may play vital roles in regulating the taproot phenotype of PN. This study provides further insights into the genetic mechanisms of phenotypic differences in other species of the genus Panax.


Assuntos
Panax notoginseng , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Panax notoginseng/genética , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Transcriptoma
14.
J Hazard Mater ; 430: 128301, 2022 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35183051

RESUMO

This study focuses on the widely applied technology of direct-fired thermal desorption, taking a site contaminated by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) as a typical test case. The entire thermal desorption process of contaminated soil is considered in the analysis. The concentration levels and occurrence characteristics of heavy metals in dust traditionally considered to be clean are evaluated, and possible secondary pollution and environmental impacts are explored. The results indicate that, compared with the thermal desorption soil, the dust samples generated in the baghouse filter during the ex situ direct-fired thermal desorption process have higher amounts of heavy metal accumulation as well as altered speciation. In addition, the enrichment characteristics and origins of the heavy metals are analyzed according to the process flow and particle size composition as well as the results of X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), and other microscopic research methods. Phenomenon further reveals enrichment of arsenic (As), nickel (Ni), and chromium (Cr). The findings of this study can provide a scientific basis for the proper disposal and risk management of the dust collected after direct-fired thermal desorption treatment of contaminated soil.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes do Solo , Poeira/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluição Ambiental , Metais Pesados/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise
15.
Toxics ; 10(2)2022 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35202278

RESUMO

As a new and ubiquitous trace organic pollutant, endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs) can cause endocrine-disrupting effects on organisms even at low levels. However, little information is available on the resource and assessment of EDC risks in the water environment. The study area was selected based on the paucity of information on the pollution status of inland lakes. Wuhan has numerous and diverse types of lakes which receive micropollutants from different pathways. In this study, the spatial distribution, occurrence, quantity and ecological risks of EDCs in 12 lakes were investigated. Five EDCs, including 17-alpha-ethinylestradiol (17α-EE2), estrone (E1), ß-estradiol (ß-E2), estriol (E3) and bisphenol A (BPA) were detected in surface waters. The distribution of EDC content in the lakes was ordered as follows: exurban zone < suburban area < urban areas. The pollution sources in remote lakes mainly included agricultural and aquaculture wastewater, while those in suburban and urban areas included domestic or industrial wastewater. Areas with higher EDC content were frequently related to agricultural activities, aquaculture water or dense populations. Water quality parameters, including dissolved oxygen, pH and water temperature, were significantly related to the occurrence and distribution of EDCs in the lakes. Risk assessment demonstrated that the occurrence of EDCs posed minimum to medium risk to aquatic organisms in the lakes. The results showed that the lakes faced a threat hormone pollution though it was at lower doses and, thus, the ecological risk of EDCs should be considered in future environmental policies and decisions in China.

16.
Water Res ; 211: 118056, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35042075

RESUMO

The safe and efficient treatment and resource recovery of the large amount of liquid digestate (LD) produced by biogas plants has become an important factor limiting the development of the biogas industry. In this study, a solar evaporation system was developed based on low cost, high efficiency, and high nutrient recovery of LD concentration. The effects of different parameters, including solar radiation, LD flowrate, and daily treatment capacity, on the concentration efficiency, nutrient recovery, and thermal efficiency were investigated. Economic and enviroeconomic analyses were conducted to comprehensively assess the feasibility and environmental benefits of the system for large-scale biogas plants. The results showed that the higher the solar radiation, the higher the air temperature and its saturation vapor pressure, which led to an increase in the concentration efficiency of LD. The LD concentration efficiency can reach up to 43.33% when the average daily solar radiation was 773.08 W/m2. High solar radiation also contributed to high LD temperature, leading to an increase in the percentage of free ammonia (NH3) in the LD, which was not conducive to the recovery of ammonia nitrogen (NH3N). By increasing the LD flow rate, the heat and mass exchange between air and LD in the spray chamber was enhanced, resulting in higher concentration efficiency. The variation of LD flow rate and daily treatment capacity had little effect on nutrient recovery. The recovery of NH3N and soluble salts in the concentrated phase could be as high as 78.39% and 84.19%, respectively, when the initial pH of LD was 5, the air flow rate was 0.03 m3/s, and the LD flow rate was 6 L/min. In addition, the economic analysis indicated that the concentration cost of the system in treating a daily LD production of 100 tons was 1.08 USD/ton. The solar evaporation system can reduce CO2 emissions by 2.40 × 105 tons and earn carbon credits of 3.48 × 106 USD over its lifetime. This study provides a new direction and reference for LD concentration.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Nitrogênio , Amônia , Temperatura Alta , Temperatura
17.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 231: 113188, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35051756

RESUMO

Soil fumigation with chloropicrin (CP) is an effective means of overcoming continuous cropping obstacles (CCO) in Panax notoginseng and improving its yield and quality. CP fumigation can change the microbial community of soil. Therefore, a key step after CP fumigation is the rapid restoration of soil microorganisms and the promotion of beneficial microorganism proliferation as the dominant flora. In this study, continuously cropped soil of P. notoginseng was fumigated with CP, and general organic fertilizer (GOF) or microbial organic fertilizer (MOF) was used to restore soil microorganisms after fumigation. Soil physical and chemical properties, soil microorganisms, and quality of P. notoginseng were investigated. The application of MOF and GOF after CP fumigation promoted increases in soil nitrogen (9.88% and 8.21%, respectively), phosphorus (21.39% and 11.57%, respectively), potassium (7.99% and 2.75%, respectively), and the quality of P. notoginseng; it also promoted the accumulation of saponins in the main roots (23.62% and 9.12%, respectively). Application of MOF and GOF can restore the diversity of microorganisms in the soil. MOF increased the relative abundance of the beneficial soil microorganisms Glomeromycota, Mortierellomycota, Humicola and Bacillus, thereby lowering the relative abundance of the harmful Ascomycota and Fusarium relative to GOF. In summary, CP fumigation reduces the diversity of microorganisms in the soil. The addition of organic fertilizer can promote microbial diversity and increase the relative abundance of beneficial species. Moreover, the promotion effect of MOF is better than that of GOF, thereby improving soil fertility and ultimately promoting the quality and yield of P. notoginseng.


Assuntos
Fertilizantes , Fumigação , Bactérias , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
18.
J Environ Manage ; 307: 114610, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35093757

RESUMO

The cellulose content in vegetable waste (VW) is high and cannot be directly digested by black soldier fly larvae (BSFL). In this study, in order to treat VW using BSFL composting, kitchen waste (KW) is used as the only nutritional supplement for VW to analyze the effects of the different contents of crude protein (CP), crude fat (EE), carbohydrate (3C), compost thickness (CT), and treatment time on the larval weight (LW), survival rate (SR), dry matter reduction rate (DMR), bioconversion rate (BCR), physical and chemical properties of BSFL sand and changes in the microbial community. Our results showed that when the average 3C content increased by 40%, the average LW increased by 47.6%, and the SR, DMR, BCR, and organic matter (OM) content increased by 16.82%, 8.5%, 4.77%, and 3.86%, respectively. In contrast, when the average compost thickness increased by 5 cm, the average weight of BSFL decreased by 22.64%, while the SR of larvae, DMR, BCR, OM, and total nutrients (TN + P2O5 + K2O) decreased by 5%, 5.2%, 4.42%, 9.6%, and 0.78%, respectively. Germination test showed that BSFL sand alone could not be used as soilless culture substrate. After BSFL treatment, we found that the dominant phyla in BSFL sand were Firmicutes (95.77%), Proteobacteria (2.54%), Actinobacteria (0.74%), and Chloroflexi (0.6%). Our results indicate that BSFL composting is an effective method of treating VW, and 3C content and CT have a significant effect on BSFL composting.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Dípteros , Microbiota , Animais , Larva , Nutrientes
19.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 73, 2022 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35073854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Literature about life satisfaction in rural senior older adults is scarce. The aim of this research was to examine the relationships among mental health, social capital and life satisfaction in rural senior older adults. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. From July to October 2017, 245 senior older adults from 14 villages of Jinhua City in China were recruited. The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), the Chinese Version of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), the Social Capital Questionnaire (SCQ) and a self-designed questionnaire was administered to the participants. Structural equation modelling was implemented to analyse the relationships between mental health, social capital and life satisfaction in rural senior older adults. RESULTS: The structural equation model was fitting adequately (χ2/df = 1.785, P < 0.001; RMSEA = 0.059; CFI = 0.963). Life satisfaction was positively affected by income (ß = 0.243, P = 0.01). Likewise, community canteen services improved life satisfaction (ß = 0.288, P = 0.001). Social capital had direct positive prediction on life satisfaction (ß = 0.342, P = 0.003) and indirectly improved life satisfaction through mental health (ß =0.183, P = 0.007). Life satisfaction was impaired by poor mental health among senior older adults (ß = - 0.395, P < 0.026). CONCLUSIONS: Life satisfaction among rural senior older adults is a multifaceted well-being construct affected by income, community canteen services, social capital and mental health. The presented model highlights the positive effect of income, community canteen services, social capital and mental health. Appropriate home-based aged care, programs and policies are needed.


Assuntos
Capital Social , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Satisfação Pessoal , População Rural
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35098461

RESUMO

Recently, enterprises and industries associated with intense pollution have been relocated in China, leaving behind abandoned polluted sites. Consequently, stabilization has attracted unprecedented attention and rapid development. However, too much focus has been placed on practicality and short-term effectiveness, whereas long-term effectiveness and sustainability concerns have been overlooked. The present study reports the findings of a national survey administered to stakeholders involved in soil stabilization projects over a decade to determine the pollution characteristics of industrial sites and current utilization status of stabilization technologies in China. One-hundred and fifty soil stabilization projects surveyed revealed that among 29% of chemical industry remained sites, 96.7% of the sites were heavily polluted with heavy metals and metalloids, mainly in the forms of lead, arsenic, and chromium. Our analyses of soil reuse methods revealed that landfilling was the primary strategy of soil disposal following stabilization and remediation. In addition, the reuse of treated soils is preferred to landfill waste treatment. Therefore, from the perspective of economy and reducing landfill loads, environmental management measures should be adopted based on the development objectives of different regions to avoid the failure of stabilization treatments and reapplication and over-repair problems, with the aim of establishing an evaluation method of "site-specific, analysis-specific" evaluation method.

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