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1.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(2): 102-6, 2019 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) of "Huantiao"(GB30) and" Zusanli"(ST36)on muscular atrophy and expression of Slit-Robo GTPase-activating protein(srGAP)1, 2 and 3 in the injured sciatic nerve and lumbar spinal cord tissues in sciatic nerve injury (SNI) rats, so as to reveal its mechanisms underlying improvement of peripheral nerve injury (PNI).. METHODS: A total of 120 healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into control, sham-operation, model and EA groups (n=30 rats in each) which were further divided into 7, 15 and 23 d subgroups (n=10 rats in each subgroup). The SNI model was established by transecting the right sciatic nerve beneath the piriformis and immediately subsequent end-to-end suture. Rats of the sham operation group received an incision of the corresponding skin and suture. EA (5 Hz/20 Hz, 2-3 mA) was applied to the right GB30 and ST36 for 15 min, once daily, 6 days a week separately for 1,2 and 3 weeks. Rats in the sham-operation and model groups were grasped in the similar procedure as the EA group. The wet weight of gastrocnemius muscles (WWG) on both sides was measured to calculate the recovery rate (weight of the right WWG/weight of the left WWG×100%), and the expression levels of srGAP1, srGAP2 and srGAP3 proteins in the sciatic nerve and the spinal cord (L4-L6) tissues were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: After modeling and compared with the control and sham-operation groups, the recovery rate of WWG was significantly reduced, and the expression levels of srGAP1, srGAP2 and srGAP3 proteins of the sciatic nerve and lumbar spinal cord on day 7, 15 and 23 were considerably increased in the model group (P<0.01). Following the EA treatment, the reco-very rate of WWG was obviously increased and the expression levels of srGAP1, srGAP2 and srGAP3 proteins of both sciatic nerve and spinal cord on day 7, 15 and 23 were further significantly up-regulated in the EA group relevant to the model group (P<0.05,P<0.01). In addition, the expression levels of the 3 proteins in both sciatic nerve and lumbar spinal cord peaked on day 15 and attenuated on day 23. CONCLUSION: EA of GB30 and ST36 may relieve gastrocnemius atrophy in SNI rats, which is related to its function in up-regulating the Slit/Robo signaling in the sciatic nerve and lumbar spinal cord to promote the axonal targeting regeneration and repair of axonal plasma nutrition transportation.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos , Animais , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase , Masculino , Atrofia Muscular , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Nervo Isquiático , Medula Espinal
2.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 70(4): 343-353, 2018 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30112559

RESUMO

Myocardial fibrosis (MF) is an important pathological process of cardiac remodeling in patients with heart failure; however its etiology has not been clear. It has been known that the angiotensin II type 1 receptor autoantibody (AT1-AA) is present in patients with heart failure, but it is unclear whether this antibody directly causes MF. In this study, we investigated the role of AT1-AA in MF and its effects on cardiac fibroblasts (CFs). The AT1-AA positive rat model was established by active immunization method, and the measurement of indexes were made in the 8th week after active immunity. The results of heart echocardiography showed that the cardiac systolic and diastolic functions of AT1-AA positive rats were impaired with reduced left ventricular wall thickness and enlarged heart chambers. HE staining results showed that the myocardial fibers were disorganized and ruptured, and Masson staining revealed that the area of collagen fibers around the myocardium and coronary arteries was significantly increased in AT1-AA positive group compared with that of the control group (P < 0.05). Moreover, primary CFs isolated from neonatal rats were cultured and treated with AT1-AA for 48 h. CCK-8 and immunofluorescence staining results showed that AT1-AA enhanced proliferation rate of CFs (P < 0.001), and Western blot results showed that AT1-AA significantly increased expressions of collagen I (Col I), Col III, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 in CFs (all P < 0.05). Taken together, these results suggest that AT1-AA may induce MF and cardiac dysfunction via activating CFs.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/efeitos adversos , Fibroblastos/patologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina/imunologia , Animais , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Ecocardiografia , Fibrose , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Ratos
3.
Carbohydr Polym ; 195: 525-533, 2018 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29805007

RESUMO

In-depth understanding of interfacial behavior between biopolymer and semiconductor metal oxides is crucial to developing potential applications of their composites. A structure-ordered cellulose/zinc oxide composite was synthesized and systematically examined by a relativistic density functional theory. The prepared composite shows a hierarchical structure. ZnO nanoparticles of around 30 nm in size are found to uniformly grow along the cellulose fiber, which together construct the primary-structure unit. Associated with experimental characterizations, calculations unravel that the electrostatic attraction between cellulose and ZnO is the main driving force to form the primary structure and the subsequent electron transfer from cellulose to ZnO enhances their interfacial interaction; moreover, an exothermic process was computed. The interfacial interaction is mainly contributed by Zn-Oc (Oc denotes the cellulose oxygen atom), which is intrinsically of a dative bond; the interaction was calculated between -1.39 and -1.83 eV in strength and dominated by orbital attractions.

4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(9): 1787-1791, 2017 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29082708

RESUMO

In order to explore the compatible principles of Xiebai decoction family, formulae from ancient and modern Xiebai decoction family were collected and sorted in this study. The compatible characteristics, core herbs, as well as the relativity of herbs nature in Xiebai decoction family were analyzed based on scale free network and other data-mining methods such as association rules, clustering analysis and correspondence analysis. The scale free network results showed that in Xiebai decoction family, Mori Cortex-Lycii Cortex-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma was used as the core compatible group and formed the complicated compatible network with other additional herbs; association rules results showed that the core herbs in such formulae included Mori Cortex, Lycii Cortex, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, scutellaria root, Platycodon root, Anemarrhena, and almond, which formed corresponding herbal pairs and compatibility; clustering analysis showed that Mori Cortex was the core herb in Xiebai decoction family, and Mori Cortex-Lycii Cortex-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma was its main combination unit, which was always compatible with herbs of clearing heat, reducing phlegm, supplementing Qi and nourishing Yin to form the series prescriptions. The results indicated that the core compatibility features of Xiebai decoction family were clearing heat in lung and relieving cough and asthma, providing a basis for the clinical application of Xiebai decoction family.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Mineração de Dados , Rizoma/química
5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2016: 4693471, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27896272

RESUMO

Recently, many studies showed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in tumor progression. It is reported that lncRNA-LET is downregulated and has antitumor effect on several types of cancer. This study focuses on the role of lncRNA-LET on lung adenocarcinoma (LAC) progression. RT-PCR results indicated that frequent downregulation of lncRNA-LET in LAC tissues was related to clinicopathologic factors. lncRNA-LET knockdown significantly promoted LAC cell proliferation, invasion, and migration while lncRNA-LET overexpression obviously inhibited LAC cell proliferation, invasion, and migration, indicating a tumor inhibition of lncRNA-LET in LAC progression. Besides, lncRNA-LET inhibited EMT and negatively regulated Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in part. Our study suggests that lncRNA-LET exhibits an important tumor-suppressive effect on LAC progression by inhibiting EMT and Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, which provides potential therapeutic targets for LAC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes Supressores de Tumor , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/biossíntese , RNA Neoplásico/biossíntese , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Invasividade Neoplásica , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética
6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 186: 289-297, 2016 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27013092

RESUMO

AIM OF THE STUDY: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), one of the clinical common diseases, shares similar pathogenesis with ancient disease "Feibi" in Chinese medicine, Renshen pingfei decoction (RPFS), a classical prescription, was commonly used in treating Feibi. In the current study, the protective role of RPFS in rats model of IPF and the mechanism via regulation of TGF-ß1/Smad3, were evaluated and explored. METHODS: The chemicals of RPFS were analyzed by UPLC-QTOF-MS. Under the optimized chromatographic and MS condition, the major components in RPFS were well separated and detected. An IPF model was established in rats which were induced with Bleomycin (BLM). After treated with corresponding medicine for 7 days, 14 days, 21 days and 28 days respectively, lung function of rats were measured; peripheral blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were assessed; histopathological changes and homogenate of lung tissue were detected; TGF-ß1 and Smad3 mRNA and protein expressions in lung tissue were examined as well. RESULTS: 43 signal peaks of chemical components in RPFS were identified by UPLC-QTOF-MS method. Compared with model group, RPFS group exerted significant effects on IPF model rats in improving lung function and decreasing HYP content of lung tissue (P<0.01), reducing the level of TGF-ß1 and NFκB in BALF (P<0.05), decreasing SOD and MDA level in serum (P<0.01), as well as down-regulating TGF-ß1 and Smad3 mRNA and protein expressions of lung tissue (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: RPFS could reduce the lung injury and fibrosis degree and improve lung function of IPF model rats. The protective role might mediated by down-regulating TGF-ß1/Smad3 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Fibrose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Bleomicina , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Malondialdeído/sangue , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose Pulmonar/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar/patologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteína Smad3/genética , Proteína Smad3/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/sangue , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
7.
Mol Med Rep ; 13(4): 3074-82, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26935396

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in governing fundamental biological processes, and, in many lncRNAs, the expression level is altered and likely to have a functional role in tumorigenesis, including apoptosis, migration and invasion. The lncRNA­Low Expression in Tumor (LET), a recently identified lncRNA, was demonstrated to be downregulated in hepatocellular and gallbladder cancer. However, its role in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) requires investigation. The expression level of lncRNA­LET mRNA in primary ESCC and matched healthy tissues (48 cases) was determined by reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction. In addition, the effects of lncRNA-LET on cell apoptosis were evaluated by flow cytometric analysis, the regulatory effect of lncRNA­LET on migration was detected using a wound healing assay and cellular invasion was analyzed by Matrigel­coated transwell assay. Furthermore, the effect of lncRNA­LET on cell proliferation was investigated by 5­ethynyl­2'-deoxyuridine cell proliferation assay and protein levels of lncRNA-LET targets were analyzed by western blotting. lncRNA-LET expression was decreased in primary ESCC tissues when compared with paired healthy tissues, and was identified to be associated with the clinical features. Overexpression of lncRNA­LET was observed to inhibit the migration and invasion of ESCC cells, and modulate p53 expression levels in human ESCC cell lines in vitro. These results establish that lncRNA-LET is significant in the regulation of tumor progression and metastasis, and serves as a tumor suppressor in, and therefore has therapeutic potential for, the treatment of human ESCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Apoptose , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 41(15): 2927-2931, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28914039

RESUMO

Chinese herbal decoction pieces are the basic approaches for clinical traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), reflecting the features and advantages of TCM. In order to investigate the clinical application status and features of Chinese herbal decoction pieces, the questionnaire on application of commonly used Chinese herbal decoction pieces was designed in this study for analysis of the application situations of Chinese herbal decoction pieces from 56 medical institutions in 10 provinces. The results showed 549 varieties of Chinese herbs and 801 varieties of decoction pieces were used on clinic. They can be classified into 19 categories according to their effects. The varieties of Gancao (Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma), Huangqi (Astragali Radix), Dihuang (Rehmanniae Radix), Chuanxiong (Chuanxiong Rhizoma), Baizhu (Atractylodis Macrocephale Rhizima), Huangqin (Scutellariae Radix), Danggui (Angelicae Sinenses Radix), Baishao (Paeoniae Radix Alba) and Maidong (Ophiopogonis Radix) were most common ones; the application of Chinese herbal decoction pieces from different medical institutions was differentiated from areas to areas. The survey results reflected the general situation about application of decoction pieces, providing the basic data for recording and completing Chinese herbal decoction pieces in essential drug system, with certain reference significance for the production of Chinese medicinal materials and the allocation of the varieties of Chinese herbal decoction pieces.


Assuntos
Uso de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online ; 69(Pt 6): i36, 2013 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23794967

RESUMO

Single crystals of deca-lanthanum(III) dodeca-oxotellurate(IV), La10Te12O39, were obtained by reacting La2O3 and TeO2 in a CsCl flux. Its crystal structure can be viewed as a three-dimensional network of corner- and edge-sharing LaO8 polyhedra with Te(IV) atoms filling the inter-stitial sites. The Te(IV) atoms with their 5s (2) electron lone pairs distort the LaO8 polyhedra through variable Te-O bonds. Among the six unique Te sites, four of them define empty channels extending parallel to the a axis. The formation of these channels is a result of the stereochemically active electron lone pairs on the Te(IV) atoms. The atomic arrangement of the Te-O units can be understood on the basis of the valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) model. A certain degree of disorder is observed in the crystal structure. As a result, one of the five different La sites is split into two positions with an occupancy ratio of 0.875 (2):0.125 (2). Also, one of the oxygen sites is split into two positions in a 0.559 (13):0.441 (13) ratio, and one O site is half-occupied. Such disorder was observed in all measured La10Te12O39 crystals.

10.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 31(4): 481-7, 2009 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19771739

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of Lewis y antigen on the gene expression of partial drug resistance associated proteins in human ovarian cancer cell line RMG-I-H. METHODS: RT-PCR was used to determine the gene expressions of partial drug resistance associated proteins in RMG-I-H cell line transfected with alpha1, 2-fucosyltransferases gene and RMG-I cell line, as well as in RMG-I-H treated with or without anti-Lewis y monoclonal antibody at the concentration of 10 micro/g/ml. The immunocytochemical method was used to detect the expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in RMG-I and RMG-I-H cell lines. RMG-I and RMG-I-H cells were transplanted into nude mice and the expression of P-gp in the tissues was measured by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The mRNA expressions of protein kinase C-alpha (PKC-alpha), topoismerase I ( Topo I ), multidrug resistance-associated protein-1 (MRP-1), and MRP-2 were significantly higher in RMG-I-H cells than those in RMG-I cells (0.46 +/- 0.02 vs. 0.27 +/- 0.05, 0.82 +/- 0.08 vs. 0.52 +/- 0.04, 0.66 +/- 0.07 vs. 0.34 +/- 0.12, and 0.44 +/- 0.08 vs. 0.23 +/- 0.05; all P < 0.05). However, the mRNA expression of multi-drug resistance 1 (MDR-1) was significantly lower in RMG-I-H cells than that in RMG-I cells (0.26 +/- 0.05 vs. 0.45 +/- 0.08, P < 0.05). The P-gp level increased in RMG-I-H cells compared with that in RMG-I cells both in vivo and in vitro (P < 0.05). Expressions of MDR-1, MRP-1, MRP-2, PKC-alpha, and Topo I mRNA decreased by the time in RMG-I-H cells treated with anti-Lewis y monoclonal antibody (all P < 0.05), while mRNA expressions of those genes in the control group did not statistically change (P > 0.05). In addition, MDR-1, MRP-1, MRP-2, PKC-alpha, and Topo I mRNA expressions were significantly lower in RMG-I-H cells treated with anti-Lewis y monoclonal antibody than those in the control group at 6 hours (all P < 0.05) and the inhibition ratios were 48.55%, 77.50%, 70.18%, 45.86%, and 46.13%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The Lewis y antigen of the human ovarian cancer cell surface is closely correlated with the regulation on the gene expression of partial drug resistance associated proteins.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Antígenos do Grupo Sanguíneo de Lewis/fisiologia , Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/genética , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/metabolismo , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Feminino , Fucosiltransferases , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/genética , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Transfecção
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