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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 448: 130793, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36731314

RESUMO

Active chlorine is the most widely used disinfectant for water disinfection as well as surface sterilization. Here, we report an air cathode electrochlorinator for point-of-use disinfection of toilet wastewater. The air cathode dominated by a four-electron pathway to reduce O2 to OH- was more suitable for chlorine synthesis than through a two-electron pathway to H2O2, which could reduce chlorine back to chloride ions. The minimum driving potential of the air cathode electrochlorinator was as low as 0.94 V, which made it possible to be directly powered by a piece of commercial mini photovoltaic solar panel without electronic converter. Under the cell voltage of 2 V, the Faraday current efficiency was 82.0 % and the electrical energy required to produce 1 kg active chlorine was estimated to be only 1.75 kWh. The normalized energy consumption to disinfect simulated toilet wastewater with a pathogen concentration of 107 CFU/mL was estimated to be 7.2 W h/m3. Moreover, the material cost for fabrication of the electrochlorinator was estimated to be less than $ 0.62. These features guarantee the air cathode electrochlorinator of high potential for point-of-use disinfection of toilet wastewater.

2.
Acta Biomater ; 2023 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36724864

RESUMO

Development of novel broad-spectrum sterilization is an efficient strategy that can overcome drug resistance and avoid antibiotics abuse toward bacterial-infected diseases. Photothermal therapy (PTT) in the second near-infrared (NIR-II) therapeutic window with an increased tissue penetration and elevated maximal permissible exposure has attracted considerable attention in antibacterial applications. However, the lack of bacterial-targeted photothermal agents limits their further development. Herein, we developed three xanthene derivatives (CNs) with intense light harvesting ability around 1180 nm. Their bulky planar conformations facilitated the formation of H-aggregates with outstanding photothermal conversion ability and good photostability in the NIR-II therapeutic bio window. By manipulating side chains of CNs, their liposomes exhibited different surface charges, ranging from negative to positive. Remarkably, the intermolecular hydrogen bonding of CN3 dimer drived the positively charged xanthene skeleton exposed to the periphery, which endowed it natural bacterial targeting potency. Therefore, CN3 possessed a good NIR-II photothermal and broad-spectrum sterilization against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The photothermal antibacterial activities for S. aureus and E. coli were 99.4% and 99.2%, respectively, promoting significant wound healing in bacteria-infected mice with superior biocompatibility. This structure-inherent bacterial targeting strategy as a proof-of-concept shows an efficient broad-spectrum bacterial inactivation, indicating more encouraging NIR-II photothermal antibacterial therapy. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Photothermal therapy (PTT) in the second near-infrared region (NIR-II, 1000-1700 nm) enables the treatment of deep inflammation more satisfactory due to higher tissue penetration depth. In this work, three new NIR-II xanthene derivatives (CNs) with intense light harvesting ability around 1180 nm were developed. CNs showed typical H-aggregated performance with bulky planar conformations and outstanding photothermal conversion ability. Density functional theory calculations revealed that the intermolecular hydrogen bonding of CN3 dimer drived the exposure of positively charged xanthene skeleton to periphery of dimer. Therefore, CN3 NPs possessed natural bacterial targeting potency and excellent NIR-II photothermal and broad-spectrum sterilization, and so as to significantly promote the wound healing of Gram-positive / negative bacteria infected mice.

3.
J Med Virol ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36722359

RESUMO

COVID-19 vaccines are effective at preventing the ancestral severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) symptomatic infection and severe disease. However, many new SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOCs), including Alpha (B.1.1.7), Beta (B.1.351), Gamma (P.1), Delta (B.1.617.2) and the most recent Omicron (B.1.1.529) variants, continue to evolve with enhanced immune escape capabilities, posing serious challenges to the efficacy of current vaccines. Recent studies showed booster doses can remarkably reduce VOCs escape from neutralizing antibody response and can induce strong T-cell and memory B-cell responses[1-4](#ref-0001). Hybrid immunity resulting from the combinations of SARS-CoV-2 infection and vaccination has also been proved to produce antibodies with increased potency and breadth and elicit robust CD4+ T-cell populations with enhanced antiviral properties[5,6](#ref-0005). But is unclear that how infection and vaccination history affect immune imprinting and whether it's necessary to have a booster vaccination for people who had a breakthrough infection post-vaccination This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Virol Sin ; 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657565

RESUMO

HIV-specific chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cells have been developed to target HIV-1 infected CD4+ T-cells that express HIV Env proteins. However, T cell exhaustion and the patient-specific autologous paradigm of CAR-T cell hurdled clinical applications. Here, we created HIV-specific CAR-T cells using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and a 3BNC117-E27 (3BE) CAR construct that enabled the expression of programmed cell death protein (PD-1) -blocking scFv E27 and the single-chain variable fragment of the HIV-1-specific broadly neutralizing antibody 3BNC117 to target native HIV Env. Compared with T cells expressing 3BNC117-CAR alone, 3BE CAR-T cells showed greater cytotoxic activity against HIV Env+ cells with stronger proliferation capability, higher killing efficiency, and enhanced cytokine secretion in the presence of HIV Env-expressing cells. Furthermore, we manufactured TCR-deficient 3BE CAR-T cells through gene editing and demonstrated that these CAR-T cells could effectively kill HIV Env+ cells in vivo without the occurrence of severe graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) in NSG mice. These data suggest that we have provided a feasible approach to the generation of "off-the-shelf" anti-HIV CAR-T cells in combination with PD-1 checkpoint blockade immunotherapy, which can be a powerful therapeutic candidate for the functional cure of HIV.

5.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 14(3): 653-662, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36637234

RESUMO

Defect passivation through Lewis acid-base chemistry has recently attracted significant interest because of its proven ability to improve the power conversion efficiency (PCE) and stability of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). However, tedious trial-and-error procedures are commonly used for the selection of Lewis molecules due to their abundant variety. Herein, two typical Lewis base molecules, the M molecule containing only carbonyl groups and the 3M molecule containing both carbonyl and carboxyl groups, are proposed to passivate the Pb-based defects and mitigate their negative impacts on PSC performance. The results indicated that much stronger coordination bonds can be formed between the 3M molecule and uncoordinated Pb2+ than with the M molecule. Because of the benefit from the synergetic co-passivation effect of carbonyl and carboxyl groups, an impressive maximum PCE of 24.07% was achieved via 3M modification. More importantly, the modified devices demonstrated remarkably improved operational stability.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36689553

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is a common cause of sudden unexpected death in forensic and clinical practice. Although the prevention of thrombosis has been paid more attention in clinical practice in recent years, the number of deaths due to PTE remains extensive. In the present study, 145 cases of fatal PTE were collected and retrospectively analyzed from 2001 to 2020 at the School of Forensic Medicine, China Medical University in Liaoning Province, northeast of China. The demographic characteristics, risk factors of PTE, origins of thrombi, and time interval from the occurrence of main risk factors to PTE were retrospectively analyzed. The 40 to 59 age group accounted for the 51.0% of the total cases. Immobilization, trauma (especially fracture of the pelvis, femur, tibia, or fibula), surgery, cesarean section, and mental disorders were the top 5 high-risk factors. Among the involved cases, 92.9% of the PTE (130/140) occurred within 60 days and peak at 8 to 15 days after the exposure of main risk factors. According to the autopsy findings, 87.6% of the thrombi blocked the bilateral pulmonary arteries at pulmonary hilus, with a maximum diameter of 1.6 cm and a maximum length of 21.9 cm, which were mainly derived from lower limb (65.5%) or pelvic veins (10.3%). Although the embolus limited the pulmonary circulation, there is no difference on the ratio of lung-to-heart weight between PTE and the disease-free accident victims. Overall, our present retrospective study provides important information for the forensic analysis on the cause of death and potential guidance on clinical prevention of PTE.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(4): 5529-5537, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680517

RESUMO

Developing highly efficient blue thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters with a narrowband emission is still a challenge. Here, novel ultrapure blue TADF emitters of TSBA-Cz and TSBA-PhCz were designed and synthesized for organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Photophysical and time-dependent density functional theory calculation results simultaneously show the similar intramolecular charge-transfer character of MR-type TADF emitters. Benefiting from the symmetrical and rigid molecular configuration, compounds TSBA-Cz and TSBA-PhCz emit a pure blue emission peak at 463 and 470 nm, a narrow full width at half-maximum (FWHM) of 30 and 36 nm, and a small singlet-triplet energy gap (ΔEST) of 0.21 and 0.18 eV, respectively, facilitating their excellent TADF behavior in doped films. Furthermore, highly efficient TADF-OLED devices using the TSBA-Cz and TSBA-PhCz with external quantum efficiencies of 23.4 and 21.3% emit ultrapure blue electroluminescence (EL) at 464 and 472 nm with a narrow FWHM of about 35 nm and CIE color coordinates of (0.14, 0.11) and (0.12, 0.18). This work provides novel TADF emitters for blue OLEDs with narrowband EL.

8.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 42(1): 34, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic reprogramming is a hallmark of various cancers. Targeting metabolic processes is a very attractive treatment for cancer. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a type of metabolic disease, and the lipidomic profile of RCC is significantly altered compared with that of healthy tissue. However, the molecular mechanism underlying lipid metabolism regulation in RCC is not clear. METHODS: The XF long-chain fatty acid oxidative stress test kits were used to assess the dependence on long-chain fatty acids and mitochondrial function after knockdown TRIM21 in RCC cells. The effect of TRIM21 on the lipid content in RCC cells was determined by metabolomics analysis, Oil Red O staining, and cellular Nile red staining. qRT-PCR and western blot were used to explore the relationship between TRIM21 and lipogenesis, and then the key molecule sterol regulatory element binding transcription factor 1 (SREBF1) was identified to interact with TRIM21 by immunoprecipitation, which was also identified in an orthotopic model. Subsequently, the relevance and clinical significance of TRIM21 and SREBF1 were analyzed by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, and 239 tissues were collected from RCC patients. RESULTS: TRIM21 silencing attenuated the dependence of RCC cells on fatty acids, and enhanced lipid accumulation in RCC cells. TRIM21 overexpression significantly decreased lipid contents by decreasing the expression of lipogenic enzymes via ubiquitination-mediated degradation of SREBF1. SREBF1 is critical for TRIM21-mediated lipogenesis inhibition in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, TRIM21 expression is negatively correlated with SREBF1 expression, and TRIM21-SREBF1 is a reliable combinational biomarker for RCC prognosis. CONCLUSION: The findings from this study reveal a novel pathway through which TRIM21 inhibits the lipid metabolism process of RCC and shed light on the development of targeted metabolic treatment and prognosis diagnosis of RCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Humanos , Lipogênese/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Estabilidade Proteica , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 1/genética , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 1/metabolismo
9.
J Hazard Mater ; 446: 130693, 2023 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592558

RESUMO

Photocatalytic oxygen activation is an excellent strategy for algae control in water. However, the fast recombination of photogenerated charge and slow rate of oxygen transfer limit the reactive oxygen species generation efficiency for algae inactivation. Herein, to solve above issues, magnetic field was introduced to the BiO2-x/Bi3NbO7 system to effectively covert oxygen into reactive radicals. The electrochemical experiment and DFT calculation results indicated the charge separation could be accelerated by the Lorentz force generated by the magnetic field, resulting in increase of electron concentration. Meanwhile, the value of volumetric gas-liquid mass transfer coefficient was increased by 59.79 % with magnetic field, thus more oxygen could be reduced to superoxide radical. Photocatalytic algae inactivation rate by BiO2-x/Bi3NbO7 with magnetic field could be increased by 2.07 times than that without magnet filed. This work further extends the strategy of using magnetic field to simultaneously facilitate the charge separation and oxygen transfer rate.


Assuntos
Luz , Oxigênio , Fenômenos Físicos
10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202216403, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646650

RESUMO

Enhancing the peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation efficiency to generate more radicals is vital to promote the Fenton-like reaction activity, however, how to promote the PMS adsorption and accelerate the interfacial electron transfer to boost its activation kinetics remains a great challenge. Herein, we prepared Cu-doped defect-rich In2 O3 (Cu-In2 O3 /Ov ) catalysts containing asymmetric Cu-Ov -In sites for PMS activation in water purification. The intrinsic catalytic activity is that the side-on adsorption configuration of the O-O bond (Cu-O-O-In) at the Cu-Ov -In sites significantly stretches the O-O bond length. Meanwhile, the Cu-Ov -In sites increase the electron density near the Fermi energy level, promoting more and faster electron transfer to the O-O bond for generating more SO4 ⋅- and ⋅OH. The degradation rate constant of tetracycline achieved by Cu-In2 O3 /Ov is 31.8 times faster than In2 O3 /Ov , and it shows the possibility of membrane reactor for practical wastewater treatment.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36640232

RESUMO

In recent years, traditional energy sources have caused a variety of negative impacts on the environment, and reducing carbon emissions is a top priority. The development of renewable energy technology is the key to transform the energy structure. Renewable energy represented by wind energy and photovoltaics has abundant reserves so they are connected to the grid system on a large scale. However, because of natural energy's randomness, renewable energy power generation poses potential risks to energy production and grid security. By making short-term forecasts of renewable energy generation power, the uncertainty of energy generation can be reduced, and it is crucial to study renewable energy forecasting techniques. This paper proposes an integrated forecasting system for renewable energy sources. Firstly, ensemble empirical mode decomposition is used for data preprocessing, and stationarity analysis is used for modal identification; then, support vector regression optimized by sparrow search algorithm and statistical methods are combined to make forecast according to different characteristics of the series respectively; finally, the feasibility of this method in renewable energy time series prediction is verified by experiments. The experiments prove that the proposed model effectively improves the accuracy and prediction performance on ultra-short-term renewable energy forecasting; and it has good applicability and competitiveness with different forecasting scenarios and characteristics, which satisfy the actual forecasting requirements in terms of operational efficiency and accuracy, thus providing a technical basis for the effective utilization of renewable energy.

12.
BMC Genomics ; 24(1): 16, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As an important regulator of autoimmune responses and inflammation, S100A9 may serve as a therapeutic target in inflammatory diseases. However, the role of S100A9 in Clostridium perfringens type C infectious diarrhea is poorly studied. The aim of our study was to screen downstream target genes regulated by S100A9 in Clostridium perfringens beta2 (CPB2) toxin-induced IPEC-J2 cell injury. We constructed IPEC-J2 cells with S100A9 knockdown and a CPB2-induced cell injury model, screened downstream genes regulated by S100A9 using RNA-Seq technique, and performed functional enrichment analysis. The function of S100A9 was verified using molecular biology techniques. RESULTS: We identified 316 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), of which 221 were upregulated and 95 were downregulated. Functional enrichment analysis revealed that the DEGs were significantly enriched in cilium movement, negative regulation of cell differentiation, immune response, protein digestion and absorption, and complement and coagulation cascades. The key genes of immune response were TNF, CCL1, CCR7, CSF2, and CXCL9. When CPB2 toxin-induced IPEC-J2 cells overexpressed S100A9, Bax expression increased, Bcl-2 expression and mitochondrial membrane potential decreased, and SOD activity was inhibited. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, S100A9 was involved in CPB2-induced inflammatory response in IPEC-J2 cells by regulating the expression of downstream target genes, namely, TNF, CCL1, CCR7, CSF2, and CXCL9; promoting apoptosis; and aggravating oxidative cell damage. This study laid the foundation for further study on the regulatory mechanism underlying piglet diarrhea.


Assuntos
Toxinas Bacterianas , Calgranulina B , Intestinos , Animais , Clostridium perfringens , Diarreia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Receptores CCR7/metabolismo , Suínos , Calgranulina B/metabolismo , Toxinas Bacterianas/efeitos adversos , Inflamação
13.
Biomaterials ; 293: 121953, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36521428

RESUMO

Carbon dots (CDs) have emerged as promising nanomaterials for bioimaging-guided photodynamic therapy (PDT). However, designing red-emissive CDs (RCDs) with tunable type I and type II reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation to simultaneously meet PDT applications in aerobic and hypoxic scenarios still remain major challenges. Herein, three types of RCDs with maximum emission at approximately 680 nm are successfully prepared. It is noteworthy that they exhibit the adjustable ROS production with equal superoxide anion (via type I PDT) and incremental singlet oxygen (via type II PDT). Detailed structural and optical characterizations along with theoretical calculation reveal that the unique type I/II ROS formation mainly depends on the core sizes and surface states of RCDs, which determine their identical redox potentials and tapering energy gaps between singlet- and triplet states, respectively. Additionally, due to the inherent mitochondria targeting capability, RCDs enable themselves to induce cell programmed death via activating mitochondrion-mediated apoptotic pathways. This work exploits the unprecedented RCDs with tunable type I and type II ROS generation that could ensure highly efficient tumor eradication both in vitro and in vivo, even under the harsh tumor microenvironment, providing a new prospect for CDs as nanophotosensitizers to conquer the limitations of single type PDT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Carbono/química , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Microambiente Tumoral
14.
Inflammation ; 45(1): 428-444, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599707

RESUMO

A new method for targeting lung infections is of great interest using biodegradable nanoparticles. In this study, bergenin-loaded BSA NPs were developed against lung injury. Briefly, bergenin-loaded bovine serum albumin nanoparticles (BG@BSA NPs) were synthesized and characterized. HPLC recorded the major peak of bergenin. UV-Vis spectra had an absorbance at 376 nm. XRD revealed the presence of crystalline particles. FTIR confirmed the occurrence of functionalized molecules in the synthesized NPs. The particles were highly stable with a net negative charge of - 24.2. The morphology of NPs was determined by SEM and TEM. The mean particle size was 124.26 nm. The production of NO by NR8383 cells was decreased by BG@BSA NPs. Also, in mice, lipopolysaccharide-mediated acute lung inflammation was induced. BG@BSA NPs reduced macrophages and neutrophils in BALF and remarkably enhanced wet weight-to-dry weight (W/D) ratios and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. Further, BG@BSA NPs inhibited the production of inflammatory cells as well as tumor necrosis factor. The histopathological studies revealed that the damage and neutrophil infiltration were greatly inhibited by BG@BSA NPs. This indicates that BG@BSA NPs may be used to treat lung infections. Therefore, this study has given new insight into producing an active drug for the treatment of lung-associated diseases in the future.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Benzopiranos/administração & dosagem , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Nanopartículas , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Benzopiranos/uso terapêutico , Composição de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Masculino , Camundongos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Soroalbumina Bovina , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Hazard Mater ; 445: 130364, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36463742

RESUMO

Intimately coupled photocatalysis and biodegradation (ICPB) is an emerging technology that has potential applications in the degradation of bio-recalcitrant pollutants. However, the interaction principles between photocatalysts and biofilms in ICPB have not been well developed. This article covers a cooperative degradation scheme coupling photocatalysis and biodegradation for efficient degradation and mineralization of ciprofloxacin (CIP) using ICPB with B-doped Bi3O4Cl as the photocatalyst. In consequence, a removal rate of ∼95 % is reached after 40 d. The biofilms inside the ICPB carriers can mineralize the photocatalytic products, thus improving the removal rate of total organic carbon (TOC) by more than 20 %. Interior biofilms are not destroyed by CIP or photocatalysis, and they adapt to ICPB of CIP by enriching in Pseudoxanthomonas, Ferruginibacter, Clostridium, Stenotrophomonas and Comamonas and reconstructing their microbial communities using energy produced by the light-excited photoelectrons. Furthermore, this research gives new opinion into the degradation principles of the ICPB system.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36472363

RESUMO

Hierarchically porous TiO2-x/C nanofibers (NFs) with axially aligned cylindrical tunnel pore channels were synthesized as a sulfur (S) host for lithium-sulfur batteries (LSBs) by a microemulsion electrospinning method. We explored a synergistic chemical trapping reinforced by coordinatively unsaturated Ti3+ nuclei with oxygen deficiency (or more broadly via polar O-Ti-O units) in combination with physical trapping in both narrow pores (<5 nm) and larger ordered pore tunnels (20-100 nm) separated by thin walls to allow for a large volume of active material and rapid diffusion within the channels while effectively blocking out the diffusion of soluble lithium polysulfides. Due to this unique architecture and enhanced conductivity, the prepared materials enabled a high S loading (∼72 wt %) and significantly reduced the shuttle effect. Hence, the composite TiO2-x/C@S cathodes exhibited a high utilization of active materials, excellent rate performance, and promising cycling stability (retention of up to ∼1010 mAh g-1 after 150 cycles for the aerial capacity of 1.5 mAh cm-2, with very stable performance even for the high S loading of 2.5 mg cm-2). By designing control nanomaterials that lack either the pore tunnels or the desired chemical compositions, we elucidated the importance of the synergistic effect of both factors. This work demonstrates a successful exploration of oxide NFs with tunnel pores via a simple single-needle microemulsion electrospinning method, which should pave the way for similar nanomaterials engineering with other chemistries for improved LSB performance.

17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(23)2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36502260

RESUMO

The localization of sensors in wireless sensor networks has recently gained considerable attention. The existing location methods are based on a one-spot measurement model. It is difficult to further improve the positioning accuracy of existing location methods based on single-spot measurements. This paper proposes two location methods based on multi-spot measurements to reduce location errors. Because the multi-spot measurements model has more measurement equations than the single-spot measurements model, the proposed methods provide better performance than the traditional location methods using one-spot measurement in terms of the root mean square error (RMSE) and Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB). Both closed-form and iterative algorithms are proposed in this paper. The former performs suboptimally with less computational burden, whereas the latter has the highest positioning accuracy in attaining the CRLB. Moreover, a novel CRLB for the proposed multi-spot measurements model is also derived in this paper. A theoretical proof shows that the traditional CRLB in the case of single-spot measurements performs worse than the proposed CRLB in the case of multi-spot measurements. The simulation results show that the proposed methods have a lower RMSE than the traditional location methods.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Simulação por Computador
18.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 7431-7447, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36544990

RESUMO

Introduction: Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) has been widespread in coastal cities of eastern China since 2009. However, how CRKP spreads and evolves in southwest China is unclear. Aim: We investigated the genetic characteristics and dissemination mechanisms of carbapenemase genes in forty-one non-repetitive CRKP isolates collected from a southwest hospital, Kunming, Yunnan, during 2010-2013. Methodology: Drug susceptibilities were analyzed by using VITEK 2 compact system. Genetic relationships were ascertained based on multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis. Genetic backgrounds of bla KPC-2 and bla NDM-1 were revealed by DNA walking and high-throughput sequencing. Results: All isolates were highly resistant to common antibiotics except for tigecycline. In total, 34 bla KPC-2, 3 bla NDM-1, 1 bla IMP-4 and 3 bla IMP-26 genes were identified and KP67 plasmid 1 co-harbored bla NDM-1 and bla IMP-26. Five sequence types, namely ST11, ST290, ST340, ST395 and ST437, were recognized by MLST. Surprisingly, bla KPC-2 was only detected in ST11 strains. We described a clonal dissemination of fosA3-positive IncR-IncF33:A-:B- multireplicon plasmid carrying the gene cassettes IS26-ΔTn3-ISKpn27-bla KPC-2-ΔISKpn6-korC-klcA-ΔrepB-Tn1721 in all ST11 isolates. Three bla NDM-1 positive isolates belonged to three different ST types and their bla NDM-1 genetic backgrounds were also distinct. Interestingly, the flanking regions of bla NDM-1 in KP67 and KP72 were duplicated into one to five copies in a form of tandem repeat by the transposition of IS91 like element. The bla NDM-1 of KP82 was carried on a common IncX3 plasmid. Conclusion: This study described the early epidemiological characteristics of bla KPC-2/bla NDM-1-carrying CRKP, and reported a new tandem repeat pattern of bla NDM-1 cluster in Yunnan. These findings extend our knowledge on the carbapenemase gene evolutions.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36497973

RESUMO

City parks are suitable sites for the construction of emergency medical facilities. A comparison of various types of city parks revealed that country parks fit closely with site selection conditions for emergency medical facilities. Based on the latter site selection requirements, eight impact factors such as park type, effective avoidance area, spatial fragmentation degree, water source protection area, wind direction, distance from city center, impermeability, and transport duration were quantified, and then 29 country parks in the Hangzhou Urban Area were compared using Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The calculation results showed that Linglong Country Park has the highest score, taking into account the characteristics of safety, scalability, rehabilitation, convenience, pollution prevention, and isolation. Linglong can be given priority selection as a target location for emergency medical facilities. In addition, Silver Lake Country Park, Dongqiao Country Park, Taihuyuan Country Park, and Tuankou Country Park have higher scores and can be used as alternative targets for emergency plans. The scoring results prove that the evaluation method has a high degree of rigor, a significant degree of discrimination, and a high degree of consistency between the validity and weight assignment of each impact factor. In view of the different geographical conditions in each region, the weight assignment of each impact factor can be adjusted according to local conditions and can help make effective use of existing conditions and avoid disadvantages.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Parques Recreativos , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Recreação
20.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 12(12)2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36553070

RESUMO

Background: Deep learning (DL) methods can noninvasively predict glioma subtypes; however, there is no set paradigm for the selection of network structures and input data, including the image combination method, image processing strategy, type of numeric data, and others. Purpose: To compare different combinations of DL frameworks (ResNet, ConvNext, and vision transformer (VIT)), image preprocessing strategies, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences, and numerical data for increasing the accuracy of DL models for differentiating glioma subtypes prior to surgery. Methods: Our dataset consisted of 211 patients with newly diagnosed gliomas who underwent preoperative MRI with standard and diffusion-weighted imaging methods. Different data combinations were used as input for the three different DL classifiers. Results: The accuracy of the image preprocessing strategies, including skull stripping, segment addition, and individual treatment of slices, was 5%, 10%, and 12.5% higher, respectively, than that of the other strategies. The accuracy increased by 7.5% and 10% following the addition of ADC and numeric data, respectively. ResNet34 exhibited the best performance, which was 5% and 17.5% higher than that of ConvNext tiny and VIT-base, respectively. Data Conclusions: The findings demonstrated that the addition of quantitatively numeric data, ADC images, and effective image preprocessing strategies improved model accuracy for datasets of similar size. The performance of ResNet was superior for small or medium datasets.

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