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1.
Front Oncol ; 12: 853232, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574339

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the diagnostic performance of US and MRI in predicting malignancy of soft tissue masses by using a scoring system. Methods: A total of 120 cases of pathologically confirmed soft tissue masses (71 cases of malignant lesions and 49 cases of benign lesions) were enrolled. All patients underwent ultrasound and MRI examination prior to biopsy or surgical excision. A scoring system based on the parameters of conventional US and MRI to distinguish malignant and benign masses was established by the regression model. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic performance of US and MRI. Results: Multivariate analysis showed that margin, maximum diameter, and vascular density were independent predictors for malignancy found by US, while maximum diameter, margin, and affected peripheral soft tissue were independent predictors for malignancy found by MRI. The mean scores of the benign and malignant groups were 2.8 ± 1.6, 5.1 ± 1.1 on US and 1.3 ± 1.2, 3.5 ± 0.9 on MRI. Based on the cut-off score of 3.5 and 2.5 calculated by ROC analysis, US and MRI had 92% and 87% sensitivity, 72% and 76% specificity, 86% and 89% accuracy, respectively. The combination of these two modalities achieved the sensitivity of 91%, specificity of 82%, and accuracy of 93%. Conclusions: Both US and MRI can provide valuable information about the differential diagnosis between benign and malignant soft tissue masses. The combination of the two imaging-based scoring systems can increase the diagnostic performance, especially in specificity.

2.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 208, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paediatric traumatic cataracts are an important but preventable cause of acquired blindness. Understanding the epidemiology of paediatric traumatic cataracts is a prerequisite for prevention. This study aimed to characterize the epidemiological profile of paediatric traumatic cataracts in southwest China. METHODS: The medical records of children (age range, 0-14 years old) who developed traumatic cataracts following open-globe injuries and were hospitalized at the Department of Ophthalmology at West China Hospital, between January 2011 and December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The demographic data, causes of injuries, posttraumatic complications, and visual acuity were recorded and analysed. RESULTS: A total of 716 eyes from 716 patients were analysed in this study, including 521 (72.8%) males and 195 females in a gender ratio of 2.67:1; 117 of the patients were of ethnic minorities. Paediatric traumatic cataracts occurred more frequently in winter (32.5%). Sharp metal objects (scissors/knives/needles/sheet metal/nails/darts) - induced ocular injuries accounted for the highest proportion, followed by botanical sticks (wooden sticks /bamboo sticks /bamboo skewers)-induced injuries, and then stationery items (pencils/pens/rulers/paper)-induced injuries. The majority (68.7%) of the patients were aged 2-8 years, and the peak range of age was 4 - 6 years. The injuries were a result of penetrating trauma in 64.9% of patients, and blunt force trauma in the remainder (35.1%). Additionally, 131 (18.3%) cases developed posttraumatic infectious endophthalmitis after injuries. Patients with eye injuries caused by needles (P < 0.001), wooden sticks (P = 0.016), and bamboo skewers (P = 0.002) were at a greater risk of developing infectious endophthalmitis. The most common identified foreign organism was Streptococcus, which accounted for 42% (21/50) of all culture-positive specimens and was sensitive to vancomycin. Among the children who were younger than 5 years, 44.4% (55/124) of those with traumatic cataracts presented a corrected distance visual acuity less than or equal to 0.1 after undergoing cataract surgery, but among the children who were older than 5 years, this proportion was significantly smaller, just 20.4% of children aged 6-10 years (P < 0.001) and 18.4% of children aged 11-14 years (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The main causative agents of paediatric traumatic cataracts in southwest China were sharp metal objects, botanical sticks, and stationery items. Specific preventive measures are essential to reduce the incidence of paediatric traumatic cataract.


Assuntos
Catarata , Endoftalmite , Ferimentos Oculares Penetrantes , Traumatismos Oculares , Adolescente , Catarata/complicações , Catarata/etiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Endoftalmite/complicações , Traumatismos Oculares/complicações , Traumatismos Oculares/epidemiologia , Traumatismos Oculares/cirurgia , Ferimentos Oculares Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos Oculares Penetrantes/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35397165

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Cardiovascular benefits of empagliflozin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been reported; however, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that the cardiovascular benefits of empagliflozin are associated with altered gut microbiota and plasma metabolites, and that empagliflozin may be used as an initial treatment for patients with T2DM at risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). DESIGN: Randomized, open-label, two-arm clinical trial for 3 months. SETTING: Hospital. PATIENTS: Seventy-six treatment-naïve patients with T2DM and risk factors for CVD. INTERVENTION: Treatment with empagliflozin (10 mg/d, n = 40) or metformin (1,700 mg/d, n = 36). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We investigated changes in clinical parameters related to glucose metabolism and CVD risk factors, gut microbiota using 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and plasma metabolites using LC-MS. RESULTS: We found significant and similar reduction in HbA1c levels and alleviation of glucose metabolism in both groups. However, only empagliflozin improved CVD risk factors. Empagliflozin significantly reshaped the gut microbiota after 1 month of treatment; this alteration was maintained until the end of the trial. Empagliflozin increased the levels of plasma metabolites such as sphingomyelin, but reduced glycochenodeoxycholate, cis-aconitate, and uric acid levels. Concurrently, empagliflozin elevated levels of short-chain fatty acid-producing bacteria such as species from Roseburia, Eubacterium, and Faecalibacterium, and reduced those of several harmful bacteria including Escherichia-Shigella, Bilophila, and Hungatella. CONCLUSIONS: Empagliflozin may be a superior initial therapy for patients with T2DM at risk of CVDs; its cardiovascular benefits may be associated with shifts in gut microbiota and plasma metabolites.

4.
Comput Biol Med ; 145: 105509, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421792

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), causing an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is a major threat to public health worldwide. Previous studies have shown that the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 determines viral infectivity and major antigenicity. However, the spike protein has been undergoing various mutations, which bring a great challenge to the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. Here we present the MutCov, a pipeline for evaluating the effect of mutations in spike protein on infectivity and antigenicity of SARS-CoV-2 by calculating the binding free energy between spike protein and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) or neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb). The predicted infectivity and antigenicity were highly consistent with biologically experimental results, and demonstrated that the MutCov achieved good prediction performance. In conclusion, the MutCov is of high importance for systematically evaluating the effect of novel mutations and improving the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. The source code and installation instruction of MutCov are freely available at http://jianglab.org.cn/MutCov.

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(12): 14049-14058, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35311270

RESUMO

Magnetotactic bacteria are ubiquitous microorganisms in nature that synthesize intracellular magnetic nanoparticles called magnetosomes in a gene-controlled way and arrange them in chains. From in vitro to in vivo, we demonstrate that the intact body of Magnetospirillum magneticum AMB-1 has potential as a natural magnetic hyperthermia material for cancer therapy. Compared to chains of magnetosomes and individual magnetosomes, the entire AMB-1 cell exhibits superior heating capability under an alternating magnetic field. When incubating with tumor cells, the intact AMB-1 cells disperse better than the other two types of magnetosomes, decreasing cellular viability under the control of an alternating magnetic field. Furthermore, in vivo experiments in nude mice with neuroblastoma found that intact AMB-1 cells had the best antitumor activity with magnetic hyperthermia therapy compared to other treatment groups. These findings suggest that the intact body of magnetotactic bacteria has enormous promise as a natural material for tumor magnetic hyperthermia. In biomedical applications, intact and living magnetotactic bacteria play an increasingly essential function as a targeting robot due to their magnetotaxis.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Magnetossomos , Neuroblastoma , Animais , Campos Magnéticos , Magnetossomos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Neuroblastoma/metabolismo , Neuroblastoma/terapia
7.
Brief Bioinform ; 23(2)2022 03 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35279714

RESUMO

Messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines have shown great potential for anti-tumor therapy due to the advantages in safety, efficacy and industrial production. However, it remains a challenge to identify suitable cancer neoantigens that can be targeted for mRNA vaccines. Abnormal alternative splicing occurs in a variety of tumors, which may result in the translation of abnormal transcripts into tumor-specific proteins. High-throughput technologies make it possible for systematic characterization of alternative splicing as a source of suitable target neoantigens for mRNA vaccine development. Here, we summarized difficulties and challenges for identifying alternative splicing-derived cancer neoantigens from RNA-seq data and proposed a conceptual framework for designing personalized mRNA vaccines based on alternative splicing-derived cancer neoantigens. In addition, several points were presented to spark further discussion toward improving the identification of alternative splicing-derived cancer neoantigens.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo , Neoplasias , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/terapia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Vacinas Sintéticas
8.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(3)2022 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35328018

RESUMO

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Adolescence is a crucial period for the occurrence and development of depression. There are essential distinctions between adolescent and adult depression patients, and the etiology of depressive disorder is unclear. The interactions of multiple genes in a co-expression network are likely to be involved in the physiopathology of MDD. In the present study, RNA-Seq data of mRNA were acquired from the peripheral blood of MDD in adolescents and healthy control (HC) subjects. Co-expression modules were constructed via weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) to investigate the relationships between the underlying modules and MDD in adolescents. In the combined MDD and HC groups, the dynamic tree cutting method was utilized to assign genes to modules through hierarchical clustering. Moreover, functional enrichment analysis was conducted on those co-expression genes from interested modules. The results showed that eight modules were constructed by WGCNA. The blue module was significantly associated with MDD after multiple comparison adjustment. Several Gene Ontology (GO) terms and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways associated with stress and inflammation were identified in this module, including histone methylation, apoptosis, NF-kappa ß signaling pathway, and TNF signaling pathway. Five genes related to inflammation, immunity, and the nervous system were identified as hub genes: CNTNAP3, IL1RAP, MEGF9, UBE2W, and UBE2D1. All of these findings supported that MDD was associated with stress, inflammation, and immune responses, helping us to obtain a better understanding of the internal molecular mechanism and to explore biomarkers for the diagnosis or treatment of depression in adolescents.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Inflamação
9.
Front Immunol ; 13: 814239, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35250991

RESUMO

Immune system plays important roles in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the role of B cells in this complex disease are still not fully understood. B cells produce antibodies but can also regulate immune responses. In order to decode the relative contribution of peripheral B cell subtypes to the etiology of PD, we performed single cell RNA and BCR sequencing for 10,466 B cells from 8 PD patients and 6 age-matched healthy controls. We observed significant increased memory B cells and significant decreased naïve B cells in PD patients compared to healthy controls. Notably, we also discovered increased IgG and IgA isotypes and more frequent class switch recombination events in PD patients. Moreover, we identified preferential V and J gene segments of B cell receptors in PD patients as the evidence of convergent selection in PD. Finally, we found a marked clonal expanded memory B cell population in PD patients, up-regulating both MHC II genes (HLA-DRB5, HLA-DQA2 and HLA-DPB1) and transcription factor activator protein 1 (AP-1), suggesting that the antigen presentation capacity of B cells was enhanced and B cells were activated in PD patients. Overall, this study conducted a comprehensive analysis of peripheral B cell characteristics of PD patients, which provided novel insights into the humoral immune response in the pathogenesis of PD.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Apresentação do Antígeno , Linfócitos B , Humanos , RNA , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos B/genética
10.
Synth Syst Biotechnol ; 7(2): 664-670, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35224234

RESUMO

Claviceps purpurea produces many pharmacologically important ergot alkaloids (EAS), which are widely used to treat migraine and hypertension and to aid childbirth. Although an EAS biosynthetic cluster of C. purpurea has been discovered more than 20 years ago, the complete biosynthetic pathway of EAS has not been fully characterized until now. The main obstacle to elucidating this pathway and strain modification is the lack of efficient genome-editing tools for C. purpurea. The conventional gene manipulation method for C. purpurea relies on homologous recombination (HR), although the efficiency of HR in C. purpurea is very low (∼1-5%). Consequently, the disruption of target genes is laborious and time-consuming. Although CRISPR/Cas9 genome-editing methods based on in vivo Cas9 expression and gRNA transcription have been reported recently, their gene-disruption efficiency is still very low. Here, we developed an efficient genome-editing system in C. purpurea based on in vitro assembled CRISPR/Cas9 gRNA ribonucleoprotein complexes. As proof of principle, three target genes were efficiently knocked out using this CRISPR/Cas9 ribonucleoprotein complex-mediated HR system, with editing efficiencies ranging from 50% to 100%. Inactivation of the three genes, which are closely related to uridine biosynthesis (ura5), hypha morphology (rac), and EAS production (easA), resulted in a uridine auxotrophic mutant, a mutant with a drastically different phenotype in axenic culture, and a mutant that did not produce EAS, respectively. Our ribonucleoprotein-based genome-editing system has a great advantage over conventional and in vivo CRISPR/Cas9 methods for genome editing in C. purpurea, which will greatly facilitate elucidation of the EAS biosynthetic pathway and other future basic and applied research on C. purpurea.

11.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 30(1): 77-83, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35123607

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the expression and clinical characteristics of CD68 in bone marrow and peripheral blood of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS: The expression of CD68 in bone marrow blast cells was detected by four-color flow cytometry in 50 newly diagnosed AML patients and 23 controls. The expression of CD68 in peripheral blood of 85 newly diagnosed AML patients, 29 remission AML patients and 24 controls was detected by ELISA. The correlation between the expression rate of non-M3 AML bone marrow CD68, peripheral blood CD68 concentration and white blood cell count and other clinical data was compared respectively. RESULTS: The median CD68 expression rate in myeloid leukemia cells of non-M3 AML patients was 19.7%, significantly higher than control (0.2%) (P<0.001). The median concentration of non-M3 CD68 in peripheral blood was 67.97 pg/ml, significantly higher than in control (29.94 pg/ml)(P<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference in the plasma CD68 concentration of the peripheral blood between the newly diagnosed (45.72 pg/ml) and the remission stage (55.12 pg/ml) of non-M3 AML patients by paired analysis (P>0.05). The results showed that the higher the expression rate of CD68 in bone marrow, the higher the count of white blood cells in peripheral blood, and the lower the count of hemoglobin and platelet in peripheral blood. The higher the plasma concentration of CD68 in peripheral blood, the higher the white blood cell count and the lower the complete remission rate. CONCLUSION: The expression of CD68 both in bone marrow and peripheral blood of patients with non-M3 AML is higher than that of control group. Patients with high expression of CD68 show a low rate of complete remission, suggesting that the expression level of CD68 is correlated with treatment response.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Medula Óssea , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Leucócitos , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão
12.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 11(1): 749-752, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35176972

RESUMO

The immunity potency upon natural infection or vaccination is the main concern for the vaccine strategy of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS COV-2 variant), especially the recently reported Omicron variant (B.1.1.529). In this study, 200 recipients immunized with three doses of a COVID-19-inactivated vaccine were enrolled, whose serum samples were collected within 2 months after the third immunization. The neutralizing activity of sera against the pseudotyped Omicron variant, prototype, and Delta variant was determined. Our results demonstrated that the positive neutralization activity was 95.5% for the Omicron variant, 99.5% for the prototype, and 98.5% for the Delta variant. The geometric mean titers (GMT) for the Omicron variant was 49 and maintained sustained immune levels for 2 months, which decreased by 4.9-fold and 3.0-fold compared with the prototype (GMT, 239) and Delta variant (GMT, 148), respectively. In summary, our study demonstrated that three doses of a COVID-19-inactivated vaccine effectively yielded potent cross-neutralizing activity against the Omicron variant at 2 months after the third vaccination.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/genética
13.
Cell Calcium ; 102: 102536, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016151

RESUMO

The lysosome is an important membrane-bound acidic organelle that is regarded as the degradative center as well as multifunctional signaling hub. It digests unwanted macromolecules, damaged organelles, microbes, and other materials derived from endocytosis, autophagy, and phagocytosis. To function properly, the ionic homeostasis and membrane potential of the lysosome are strictly regulated by transporters and ion channels. As the most abundant cation inside the cell, potassium ions (K+) are vital for lysosomal membrane potential and lysosomal calcium (Ca2+) signaling. However, our understanding about how lysosomal K+homeostasis is regulated and what are the functions of K+in the lysosome is very limited. Currently, two lysosomal K+channels have been identified: large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+channel (BK) and transmembrane Protein 175 (TMEM175). In this review, we summarize recent development in our understanding of K+ homeostasis and K+channels in the lysosome. We hope to guide the readers into a more in-depth discussion of lysosomal K+ channels in lysosomal physiology and human diseases.


Assuntos
Lisossomos , Canais de Potássio , Cálcio/metabolismo , Humanos , Membranas Intracelulares/metabolismo , Canais Iônicos/metabolismo , Íons/metabolismo , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Potássio/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio/metabolismo
14.
Chem Biol Interact ; 355: 109780, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34990588

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: microRNA (miR)-based therapeutic reference has been established and expanded in the treatment of cancers. For this reason, we explored how miR-671-5p regulated tumorigenicity of ovarian cancer (OC) through regulating histone deacetylase 5 (HDAC5) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α). METHODS: miR-671-5p, HDAC5 and HIF-1α expression levels were determined in OC clinical tissues. The OC cell line H8910 was screened and transfected with the vectors that altered miR-671-5p, HDAC5 and HIF-1α levels. Finally, the proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis of the transfected H8910 cells were determined and the role of miR-671-5p and HDAC5 in vivo tumor growth was further discussed. RESULTS: Low expression miR-671-5p and high expression HDAC5 and HIF-1α levels were tested in OC tissues. Up-regulating miR-671-5p or down-regulating HDAC5 or HIF-1α suppressed proliferation, migration, invasion and augmented apoptosis of H8910 cells while silenced miR-671-5p or enhanced HDAC5 caused the opposite consequences. Overexpression of HDAC5 reduced while depletion of HDAC5 enhanced the influence of up-regulated miR-671-5p on OC cell growth. In animal models, suppressing miR-671-5p or promoting HDAC5 encouraged OC tumor growth. CONCLUSION: A summary delineates that miR-671-5p reduces tumorigenicity of OC via suppressing HDAC5 and HIF-1α expression levels.


Assuntos
Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Animais , Antagomirs/metabolismo , Antagomirs/uso terapêutico , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Histona Desacetilases/química , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/antagonistas & inibidores , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Transplante Heterólogo , Regulação para Cima
16.
J Biophotonics ; 15(5): e202100331, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35020276

RESUMO

Minimally invasive surgery, such as laparoscopic surgery, has developed rapidly due to its small wound, less bleeding and quick recovery. However, a lack of force feedback, which leads to tissue damage, is still unsolved. Many sensors have been used to offer force feedback but still limited by their large size, low security and high complexity. Based on the advantages of small size, high sensitivity and immunity to electromagnetic interferences, we propose a tactile sensor integrated with fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) at the tip of laparoscopic grasper to offer real-time force feedback in the laparoscopic surgery. The tactile sensor shows a force sensitivity of 0.076 nm/N with a repeatable accuracy of 0.118 N. A bench test is conducted in a laparoscopic training box to verify its feasibility. Test results illustrate that gripping force exerted on the laparoscopic grasper in terms of peak and standard deviation values reduce significantly for the novice subjects with force feedback compared to those without force feedback. The proposed sensor integrated at the tip of the laparoscopic grasper demonstrates a better control of the gripping force among the novice surgeons and indicates that the smart grasper can help surgeons achieve precise gripping force to reduce unnecessary tissue trauma.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Tato , Retroalimentação , Humanos , Laparoscopia/educação , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos
17.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 414(4): 1493-1501, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505165

RESUMO

In this study, a special poly solid-phase extraction (in-tube SPE) column consisting of poly (POSS-octavinyl-co-N-methylacetamide-co-divinylbenzene) [poly (POSS-OS-co-DVB-co-NMA)] was prepared based on the chemical structure of the preservatives, and was used as medium for extraction analysis in combination with UPLC. The composition of polymer SPE was optimized and characterized; good scanning electron microscopy (SEM) properties and satisfactory porosity were obtained with 30% monomer (POSS-OS:DVB:NMA = 2 wt%:13 wt%:15 wt%) and 70 wt% porogenic solvent (PEG20000:DMSO:ACN = 10 wt%:50 wt%:10 wt%). The experimental parameters of the in-tube SPE-UPLC analysis were optimized systematically. Then, the in-tube SPE-UPLC method was applied for analyzing the beverage sample, and correlation coefficients (R2) > 0.99 were obtained for the linear relationship within limits of 0.1~5.0 µg mL-1. Excellent extraction efficiency, good precision, and satisfactory limit of detection sensitivity between 0.03 and 0.10 µg mL-1 were obtained. The recovery ranged from 71.5 to 88.0%, with RSD ≤ 6.1%. Furthermore, the proposed method has the features of simple sample pretreatment, high throughput, rapid analysis, cost-effectiveness, and satisfactory sensitivity. Hence, the developed in-tube SPE-UPLC method based on the poly (POSS-OS-co-DVB-co-NMA) SPE column can be potentially used for simple and sensitive detection of preservatives.

18.
Psychol Health Med ; 27(3): 707-714, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34130559

RESUMO

The potential nurses role to include the recognition and management of dementia has been acknowledged. Practice Nurses are well-positioned to provide comprehensive dementia information and support so that people living with dementia are better equipped to self-manage their health and live well with dementia. However, treatment of geriatric dementia has become difficult owing to co-morbidities and cognitive and physical deterioration of these patients. Thus, geriatric dementia patients require special attention during care in homes and clinical settings. In modern medical practice, the role of nurse has become dynamic, ranging from education and personal care. The profession of nursing is considered as critical to meets the needs of the elderly population with dementia and ensure the delivery of high-quality care. Since nurses play such an important role in caring for these individuals, comprehensive reviews lack on their role and experience in geriatric dementia treatment and issues. This review summarizes the expanding role of nurses in the management of geriatric dementia in terms of nurse's knowledge, role, communication, attitude and maintaining patient's quality of life through diverse activities. Furthermore, we also explain the future direction for improving the nursing care to treat dementia in elderly population.


Assuntos
Demência , Geriatria , Idoso , Demência/terapia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
19.
Brief Bioinform ; 23(1)2022 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518867

RESUMO

Since the outbreak of SARS-CoV-2, the etiologic agent of the COVID-19 pandemic, the viral genome has acquired numerous mutations with the potential to alter the viral infectivity and antigenicity. Part of mutations in SARS-CoV-2 spike protein has conferred virus the ability to spread more quickly and escape from the immune response caused by the monoclonal neutralizing antibody or vaccination. Herein, we summarize the spatiotemporal distribution of mutations in spike protein, and present recent efforts and progress in investigating the impacts of those mutations on viral infectivity and antigenicity. As mutations continue to emerge in SARS-CoV-2, we strive to provide systematic evaluation of mutations in spike protein, which is vitally important for the subsequent improvement of vaccine and therapeutic neutralizing antibody strategies.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , COVID-19 , Mutação , SARS-CoV-2 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus , COVID-19/genética , COVID-19/imunologia , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia
20.
Neurol Sci ; 43(3): 1885-1891, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34532772

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety outcome and related risk factors of Naoxueshu in the treatment of acute SICH. METHODS: Two hundred twenty patients were enrolled in this study. Diagnosis of SICH was based on neuroimaging. All the patients received regular treatment and Naoxueshu oral liquid 10 ml 3 times a day for 14 consecutive days. Surgical intervention was conducted as needed. Efficacy and safety outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: Hematoma volume decreased significantly 7 days after Naoxueshu treatment (from 27.3 ± 20.0 to 15.1 ± 15.1 ml, P < 0.0001), and it decreased further in 14-day result (6.9 ± 10.4 ml, P < 0.0001). Patients' neurological function was improved remarkably with NIHSS scores from baseline 13 points to 7-day 7 points (P < 0.0001) and 14-day 4 points (P < 0.0001). Cerebral edema was relieved only 14 days after Naoxueshu treatment (from 3 to 2 points, P < 0.0001). No clinically significant change was found in 7-day and 14-day safety results. Female sex was related independently to large 7-day hematoma volume and worse 7-day NIHSS score while it would not affect patients' 14-day outcomes. Rare cause of SICH (B = 17.4, P = 0.009) alone was related to large 14-day hematoma volume. Worse baseline NIHSS score (B = 0.3, P = 0.003) and early use of Naoxueshu (B = 2.9, P = 0.005) were related to worse 7-day and14-day neurological function. CONCLUSION: Naoxueshu oral liquid could relieve hematoma volume and cerebral edema safely; meanwhile, it could improve patients' neurological function. Sex, cause of SICH, and time from onset to receive Naoxueshu should be taken into consideration in the treatment of SICH.


Assuntos
Edema Encefálico , Hemorragia Cerebral , Edema Encefálico/diagnóstico por imagem , Edema Encefálico/tratamento farmacológico , Edema Encefálico/etiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Hematoma/complicações , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
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