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2.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 963873, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35928712

RESUMO

Cytokinins (CTKs) are a major phytohormone group that are significant in the promotion of cellular division, growth, and divergence. Isopentenyl transferase (IPT) regulates a rate-limiting step in plant CTK synthesis, promotes the synthesis of isopentenyl adenonucleotides from 5-AMP and isopentenyl pyrophosphate, and then converts both these chemicals into various CTKs. Here, the full-length cDNA of ZmIPT2, which encodes 322 amino acids, was isolated and was introduced into a maize inbred line by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. In both controlled environments and field experiments, the overexpression of ZmIPT2 gene in the transformed plants delayed leaf senescence. Compared to the receptor line, the transgenic maize lines retained higher chlorophyll levels, photosynthetic rates, and cytokinin content for an extended period of time, and produced significantly higher grain yield by a margin of 17.71-20.29% under normal field planting conditions. Subsequently, ten possible genes that interacted with ZmIPT2 were analyzed by qRT-PCR, showing that the expression pattern of GRMZM2G022904 was consistent with ZmIPT2 expression. Through comprehensive analysis, we screened for transgenic lines with stable inheritance of ZmIPT2 gene, clear functional efficiency, and significant yield improvement, in order to provide theoretical basis and material support for the breeding of new high-yield transgenic maize varieties.

3.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926219

RESUMO

Stretchable conductive electrodes that can be made by printing technology with high resolution is desired for preparing wearable electronics. Printable inks composed of liquid metals are ideal candidates for these applications, but their practical applications are limited by their low stability, poor printability, and low conductivity. Here, thixotropic metal-in-water (M/W) emulsion gels (MWEGs) were designed and developed by stabilizing and bridging liquid metal droplets (LMDs) via a host-guest polymer. In the MWEGs, the hydrophilic main chain of the host-guest polymers emulsified and stabilized LMDs via coordination bonds. The grafted cyclodextrin and adamantane groups formed dynamic inclusion complexes to bridge two neighboring LMDs, leading to the formation of a dynamically cross-linked network of LMDs in the aqueous phase. The MWEGs exhibited viscoelastic and shear-thinning behavior, making them ideal for direct three-dimensional (3D) and screen printing with a high resolution (∼65 µm) to assemble complex patterns consisting of ∼95 wt % liquid metal. When stretching the printed patterns, strong host-guest interactions guaranteed that the entire droplet network was cross-linked, while the brittle oxide shell of the droplets ruptured, releasing the liquid metal core and allowing it to fuse into continuous conductive pathways under an ultralow critical strain (<1.5%). This strain-activated conductivity exceeded 15800 S/cm under a large strain of 800% and exhibited long-term cyclic stability and robustness.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; : 157744, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926595

RESUMO

Phthalate esters (PAEs) are representative additives used extensively in plastics. In this study, 15 PAEs were investigated at the eight riverine outlets of the Pearl River Delta (PRD). The total concentrations of Σ15PAEs, including both the dissolved and particulate phases, ranged from 562 to 1460 ng/L and 679 ng/L-2830 ng/L in the surface and bottom layers, respectively. Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) dominated in the dissolved and suspended particulate matter (SPM) phases, respectively, accounting for >50 % and > 80 % of Σ15PAEs. Riverine input of wastewater from the PRD was possibly the primary source of the contamination. Higher levels of PAEs occurred at the eastern outlets than at the western ones. The dissolved and particulate PAEs varied seasonally, with significantly higher concentrations observed in the dry season than in the wet season. However, no significant differences of PAE levels in both phases were observed among low, medium, and high tides. The partitioning results demonstrated that SPM is important in the transportation of pollutants in estuaries, where more hydrophobic DEHP was predominantly transported by the SPM phase, while those more hydrophilic ones were regularly transported by the dissolved phase. The total annual flux of Σ15PAEs through the eight outlets to the SCS reached 1390 tons.

5.
J Org Chem ; 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35921599

RESUMO

Leptochartamides A and B (±1 and ±2), two pairs of enantiomeric hybrids with the same cyclo-bridged skeleton containing an unusual dioxa-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane core system, were isolated from the deep-sea-derived fungus Leptosphaerulina chartarum. Their structures were determined by detailed spectroscopic analysis, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, electronic circular dichroism calculations, and the total synthesis. Compounds 2a and 2b showed selective cytotoxicity against Ewings sarcoma cells A673, with IC50 values of 8.98 ± 0.23 and 4.18 ± 0.27 µM, respectively. The colony formation assay of compounds 2a and 2b against A673 cells was completed.

6.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(8): 669, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915074

RESUMO

Duloxetine (DLX) has been approved for the successful treatment of psychiatric diseases, including major depressive disorder, diabetic neuropathy, fibromyalgia and generalized anxiety disorder. However, since the usage of DLX carries a manufacturer warning of hepatotoxicity given its implication in numerous cases of drug-induced liver injuries (DILI), it is not recommended for patients with chronic liver diseases. In our previous study, we developed an enhanced human-simulated hepatic spheroid (EHS) imaging model system for performing drug hepatotoxicity evaluation using the human hepatoma cell line HepaRG and the support of a pulverized liver biomatrix scaffold, which demonstrated much improved hepatic-specific functions. In the current study, we were able to use this robust model to demonstrate that the DLX-DILI is a human CYP450 specific, metabolism-dependent, oxidative stress triggered complex hepatic injury. High-content imaging analysis (HCA) of organoids exposed to DLX showed that the potential toxicophore, naphthyl ring in DLX initiated oxidative stress which ultimately led to mitochondrial dysfunction in the hepatic organoids, and vice versa. Furthermore, DLX-induced hepatic steatosis and cholestasis was also detected in the exposed EHSs. We also discovered that a novel compound S-071031B, which replaced DLX's naphthyl ring with benzodioxole, showed dramatically lower hepatotoxicities through reducing oxidative stress. Thus, we conclusively present the human-relevant EHS model as an ideal, highly competent system for evaluating DLX induced hepatotoxicity and exploring related mechanisms in vitro. Moreover, HCA use on functional hepatic organoids has promising application prospects for guiding compound structural modifications and optimization in order to improve drug development by reducing hepatotoxicity.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Fígado Gorduroso , Cloridrato de Duloxetina/farmacologia , Humanos
7.
RSC Adv ; 12(32): 20838-20849, 2022 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919163

RESUMO

Traditional bimetallic sulfide-based nanomaterials often have a small specific surface area (SSA), low dispersion, and poor conductivity, thereby limiting their wide applications in the nanozyme-catalytic field. To address the above issues, we herein integrated NiCo2S4 with N,S-rGO to fabricate a nanocomposite (NiCo2S4@N,S-rGO), which showed a stronger peroxidase-mimetic activity than its pristine components. The SSA (155.8 m2 g-1) of NiCo2S4@N,S-rGO increased by ∼2-fold compared to NiCo2S4 with a pore size of 7-9 nm, thus providing more active sites and charge transfer channels. Based on the Michaelis-Menten equation, the affinity of this nanocomposite increased 40% and 1.1∼10.6-fold compared with NiCo2S4 with N,S-rGO, respectively, highlighting the significant enhancement of the peroxidase-like activity. The enhanced activity of this nanocomposite is derived from the joint participation of ˙OH, ˙O2 -, and photogenerated holes (h+), and was dominated by h+. To sum up, N,S-codoping, rich S-vacancies, and multi-valence states for this nanocomposite facilitate electron transfer and accelerate reaction processes. The nanocomposite-based colorimetric sensor gave low detection limits for H2O2 (12 µM) and glucose (0.3 µM). In comparison with the results detected by a common glucose meter, this sensor provided the relative recoveries across the range of 97.4-101.8%, demonstrating its high accuracy. Moreover, it exhibited excellent selectivity for glucose assay with little interference from common co-existing macromolecules/ions, as well as high reusability (>6 times). Collectively, the newly developed colorimetric sensor yields a promising methodology for practical applications in H2O2 and glucose detection with advantages of highly visual resolution, simple operation, convenient use, and satisfactory sensitivity.

8.
RSC Adv ; 12(32): 20640-20648, 2022 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919175

RESUMO

The large-scale burning of coal has led to increasingly serious SO2 environmental pollution problems. The SO2 adsorption and removal technology based on porous carbons has the advantages of less water consumption, no secondary pollution, recycling of pollutants, and renewable utilization of adsorbents, in contrast to the wet desulfurization process. In this work, we developed a series of N-doped coal-based porous carbons (NCPCs) by calcining a mixture of anthracite, MgO, KOH and carbamide at 800 °C. Among them, the NCPC-2 sample achieves a high N-doped amount of 1.29 at%, and suitable pores with a specific surface area of 1370 m2 g-1 and pore volume of 0.62 cm3 g-1. This N-doped porous carbon exhibits excellent SO2 adsorption capacity as high as 115 mg g-1, which is 3.47 times that of commercial coal-based activated carbon, and 2 times that of NCPC-0 without N-doping. Theoretical calculations show that the active adsorption sites of SO2 are located at the edges and gaps of carbon materials, and surface N doping enhances the adsorption affinity of carbon materials for SO2. In addition, the NCPCs prepared in this work are rich in raw materials and cheap, which meets the needs of industrial production, having excellent SO2 adsorption capacity.

10.
J Evid Based Med ; 2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919928

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reporting quality of single-patient (N-of-1) trials and protocols based on the CONSORT Extension for N-of-1 trials (CENT) statement and the standard protocol items: recommendations for interventional trials (SPIRIT) extension and elaboration for N-of-1 trials (SPENT) checklist to examine the factors that influenced reporting quality. METHODS: Four electronic databases were searched to identify N-of-1 trials and protocols from 2015 to 2020. Quality was assessed by two reviewers. We calculated the overall scores based on binary responses in which "Yes" was scored as 1 (if the item was fully reported), and "No" was scored as 0 (if the item was not clearly reported or not definitely stated). RESULTS: A total of 78 publications (55 N-of-1 trials and 23 protocols) were identified. The mean reporting score (SD) of the N-of-1 trials and protocols were 29.24 (0.89) and 29.61 (1.83), respectively. For the items related to outcomes, sample size, allocation concealment protocol, and informed consent materials, the reporting quality was low. Our results showed that the year of publication (t = -0.793, p = 0.872 for the trials and t = 1.352, p = 0.623 for the protocols) and the impact factor of the journal (t = 1.416, p = 0.619 for the trials and t = 0.359, p = 0.667 for the protocols) were not factors associated with better reporting quality. CONCLUSION: With the publication of the CENT 2015 statement and the SPENT 2019 checklist, authors should adhere to the relevant reporting guidelines and improve the reporting quality of N-of-1 trials and protocols.

11.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4560, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35931776

RESUMO

On-chip polarimeters are highly desirable for the next-generation ultra-compact optical and optoelectronic systems. Polarization-sensitive photodetectors relying on anisotropic absorption of natural/artificial materials have emerged as a promising candidate for on-chip polarimeters owing to their filterless configurations. However, these photodetectors can only be applied for detection of either linearly or circularly polarized light, not applicable for full-Stokes detection. Here, we propose and demonstrate three-ports polarimeters comprising on-chip chiral plasmonic metamaterial-mediated mid-infrared photodetectors for full-Stokes detection. By manipulating the spatial distribution of chiral metamaterials, we could convert polarization-resolved absorptions to corresponding polarization-resolved photovoltages of three ports through the photothermoelectric effect. We utilize the developed polarimeter in an imaging demonstration showing reliable ability for polarization reconstruction. Our work provides an alternative strategy for developing polarization-resolved photodetectors with a bandgap-independent operation range in the mid-infrared.

12.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 955825, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935187

RESUMO

Black Huangjiu (BH) is a traditional alcoholic beverage in China, which is very popular among people. The different methods (simultaneous inoculation, sequential inoculation), were applied to ferment BH in this study, which were investigated the changes in the composition of fungal communities and non-volatile flavor compounds (nVFCs) by high-throughput sequencing (HTS) and ultraperformance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometer (UPLC MS/MS). The results showed that Rhizopus and Saccharomyces were the predominant fungal genera throughout fermentation, and 471 nVFCs were detected in BH after fermentation. Compared to that observed simultaneous inoculation, Rhizopus increased at the end of sequential fermentation, and the contents of the organic acids and their derivatives increased significantly [variable importance in the projection (VIP) > 1.0, p < 0.05, fold change (FC) > 2], while that of lipids and lipid-like molecules decreased significantly (VIP > 1.0, p < 0.05, FC < 0.5). Through the correlation analysis of 32 nVFCs with significant differences (VIP > 1.0, p < 0.05, FC >32 or < 0.03) and the community, it was found that lipids and lipid-like molecules (12) and organic acids and their derivatives (10) were significantly (p < 0.05) negatively correlated with Saccharomyces, but they were significantly (p < 0.05) positively correlated with Rhizopus. Compared with simultaneous inoculation, BH fermented by sequential inoculation, the taste was stronger, sweeter, mellow, and softer. Our findings provide information on nVFC dynamics and will aid in the selection of beneficial strains to improve BH quality.

13.
J Evid Based Med ; 2022 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35909298

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has rapidly spread worldwide, but there is so far no comprehensive analysis of all known symptoms of the disease. Our study aimed to present a comprehensive picture of the clinical symptoms of COVID-19 using an evidence map. METHODS: We systematically searched MEDLINE via PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane library from their inception to March 16, 2021. We included systematic reviews reporting the clinical manifestations of COVID-19 patients. We followed the PRISMA guidelines, and the study selection, data extraction, and quality assessment were done by two individuals independently. We assessed the methodological quality of the studies using AMSTAR. We visually presented the clinical symptoms of COVID-19 and their prevalence. RESULTS: A total of 102 systematic reviews were included, of which, 68 studies (66.7%) were of high quality, 19 studies (18.6%) of medium quality, and 15 studies (14.7%) of low quality. We identified a total of 74 symptoms including 17 symptoms of the respiratory system, 21 symptoms of the neurological system, 10 symptoms of the gastrointestinal system, 16 cutaneous symptoms, and 10 ocular symptoms. The most common symptoms were fever (67 studies, ranging 16.3%-91.0%, pooled prevalence: 64.6%, 95%CI, 61.3%-67.9%), cough (68 studies, ranging 30.0%-72.2%, pooled prevalence: 53.6%, 95%CI, 52.1%-55.1%), muscle soreness (56 studies, ranging 3.0%-44.0%, pooled prevalence: 18.7%, 95%CI, 16.3%-21.3%), and fatigue (52 studies, ranging 3.3%-58.5%, pooled prevalence: 29.4%, 95%CI, 27.5%-31.3%). The prevalence estimates for COVID-19 symptoms were generally lower in neonates, children and adolescents, and pregnant women than in the general populations. CONCLUSION: At least 74 different clinical manifestations are associated with COVID-19. Fever, cough, muscle soreness, and fatigue are the most common, but attention should also be paid to the rare symptoms that can help in the early diagnosis of the disease.

14.
Foods ; 11(15)2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954119

RESUMO

Eighteen strains of lactic acid bacteria were isolated from spontaneously fermented sour porridge with broomcorn millet in Northwestern Shanxi Province of China, and their probiotic characteristics were investigated in vitro. Survival rates under gastrointestinal conditions, cholesterol reduction, antibacterial capabilities, antioxidant activities, and safety assessments were examined. Results showed that five strains were selected as probiotics and identified as Levilactobacillusbrevis. Strain L10 exhibited excellent probiotic characteristics, with an 86% survival rate under pH 2.0 for 2 h, 80% survival rate in 0.3% bile salt for 6 h, the highest survival rate (78%) in simulated gastrointestinal juice for 3 h, the highest hydrophobicity (42% to xylene and 39% to hexadecane), the highest aggregation (39% auto-aggregation and 10.4-18.13% co-aggregation), relative higher cholesterol reduction rate (80%), the highest antibacterial activities, the highest antioxidant activity, sensitive to most antibiotics tested, without hemolytic and hydrolyze gelatinase activity and could not produce biogenic amine. Therefore, strain L10 could be applied to functional foods.

15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(15)2022 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35955628

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic, relapsing disease that severely affects patients' quality of life. The exact cause of IBD is uncertain, but current studies suggest that abnormal activation of the immune system, genetic susceptibility, and altered intestinal flora due to mucosal barrier defects may play an essential role in the pathogenesis of IBD. Unfortunately, IBD is currently difficult to be wholly cured. Thus, more treatment options are needed for different patients. Stem cell therapy, mainly including hematopoietic stem cell therapy and mesenchymal stem cell therapy, has shown the potential to improve the clinical disease activity of patients when conventional treatments are not effective. Stem cell therapy, an emerging therapy for IBD, can alleviate mucosal inflammation through mechanisms such as immunomodulation and colonization repair. Clinical studies have confirmed the effectiveness of stem cell transplantation in refractory IBD and the ability to maintain long-term remission in some patients. However, stem cell therapy is still in the research stage, and its safety and long-term efficacy remain to be further evaluated. This article reviews the upcoming stem cell transplantation methods for clinical application and the results of ongoing clinical trials to provide ideas for the clinical use of stem cell transplantation as a potential treatment for IBD.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Intestinos/patologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/patologia , Qualidade de Vida
16.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(15)2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35956740

RESUMO

As a natural linear polysaccharide, alginate can be gelled into calcium alginate fiber and exploited for functional material applications. Owing to its high hygroscopicity, biocompatibility, nontoxicity and non-flammability, calcium alginate fiber has found a variety of potential applications. This article gives a comprehensive overview of research on calcium alginate fiber, starting from the fabrication technique of wet spinning and microfluidic spinning, followed by a detailed description of the moisture absorption ability, biocompatibility and intrinsic fire-resistant performance of calcium alginate fiber, and briefly introduces its corresponding applications in biomaterials, fire-retardant and other advanced materials that have been extensively studied over the past decade. This review assists in better design and preparation of the alginate bio-based fiber and puts forward new perspectives for further study on alginate fiber, which can benefit the future development of the booming eco-friendly marine biomass polysaccharide fiber.

17.
Am J Transl Res ; 14(7): 4443-4456, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35958465

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the possible mechanism of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell (hUC-MSC) transplantation in mice after spinal cord hemisection. METHODS: Thoracic spinal cord hemisection injuries were performed on adult female Kunming mice. The mice with spinal cord injury (SCI) were injected with hUC-MSCs suspended in normal saline, while the control mice received an equal volume of normal saline. The histological HE staining and Nissl staining were performed 4 and 8 weeks after hUC-MSC transplantation in SCI mice. The Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) locomotor rating scale was used to assess functional recovery after SCI. Western blotting was performed to determine the protein expressions. RESULTS: hUC-MSCs transplantation decreased cavitation and tissue loss and increased the number of Nissl bodies in the damaged areas of the spinal cord after 4 and 8 weeks. The BBB locomotor performance of the transplanted mice was significantly improved (P<0.01). The wet weight of the injured side of the gastrocnemius muscle was significantly higher in the transplant group than that in the control group. Western blotting showed that TUJ1 and Olig2 expressions were significantly higher in hUC-MSC-grafted mice than those in vehicle controls. Three days after hUC-MSC transplantation, the expressions of TNF-α and NF-κB were higher in MSC-grafted mice than those in vehicle controls. However, 4 weeks after stem cell transplantation, the expressions of these two factors decreased in hUC-MSC-grafted mice compared with those in the vehicle controls. At 8 weeks after hUC-MSC transplantation, the expression of PTBP-1 was decreased in hUC-MSC-grafted mice compared with that in vehicle controls. CONCLUSIONS: hUC-MSC transplantation can protect neuron survival, promote myelin repair, and control glial scar formation in SCI mice.

18.
Food Sci Nutr ; 10(8): 2681-2693, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35959276

RESUMO

Wuliangye-flavor liquor (WLFL), a specific Chinese traditional liquor, one of the major type of global distilled spirits, offers a unique flavor system acquired across thousands of years of development. Free amino acids (FAAs), as major health factors, are considered to be primarily derive from the hydrolysis of protein from the Zaopeis (ZPs) by microbial populations during fermentation. Here, we investigated the changes of microbial communities in ZPs and FAAs in raw liquor (RL) directly related ZPs from different ages of WLFL fermentation pits by phospholipid fatty acid fingerprint (PLFA) and high performance liquid chromatography method. Results indicated that the total PLFAs of 20- and 50-year ZPs were significantly higher (p < .05) than 1- and 5-year ZPs. Gram-positive bacteria (G+), anaerobic bacteria, and fungi were dominant in the ZPs. Furthermore, the total of FAAs content was highly increased (p < .05) in RLs of aged fermentation pit (20- and 50-year, 24.86-30.23 mg/g, 28.73-37.15 mg/g) compared with young (1- and 5-year, 20.97-26.46 mg/g, 17.83-28.70 mg/g), while, the different ages of RLs could be distinguished according to 9 biomarkers of FAAs (Variable importance in projection, VIP >1; p < .05), including tyrosine, aspartic acid, leucine, glutamic acid, citrulline, alanine, proline, glycine, and valine. Particularly, the biomarkers of FAAs were positively correlated with gram-negative bacteria (G-) and fungi, but negatively correlated with G+. This is the first report to uncover the microbial communities in zaopeis, free amino acids in RL, and their correlations for Wuliangye-flavor raw liquor production.

19.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4627, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941126

RESUMO

Miniaturized spectrometers are of considerable interest for their portability. Most designs to date employ a photodetector array with distinct spectral responses or require elaborated integration of micro & nano optic modules, typically with a centimeter-scale footprint. Here, we report a design of a micron-sized near-infrared ultra-miniaturized spectrometer based on two-dimensional van der Waals heterostructure (2D-vdWH). By introducing heavy metal atoms with delocalized electronic orbitals between 2D-vdWHs, we greatly enhance the interlayer coupling and realize electrically tunable infrared photoresponse (1.15 to 1.47 µm). Combining the gate-tunable photoresponse and regression algorithm, we achieve spectral reconstruction and spectral imaging in a device with an active footprint < 10 µm. Considering the ultra-small footprint and simple fabrication process, the 2D-vdWHs with designable bandgap energy and enhanced photoresponse offer an attractive solution for on-chip infrared spectroscopy.

20.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-9, 2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35951546

RESUMO

MircoRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in skeletal muscle development. Previous study had found that miR-495-3p was differentially expressed in fetal and adult goat skeletal muscle, but its function in myogenic proliferation and differentiation are unclear. Herein, we found the expression of miR-495-3p in C2C12 was downregulated during proliferation stage and upregulated during differentiation stage. Functionally, overexpression of miR-495-3p in C2C12 inhibited proliferation, and promoted myogenic differentiation. Mechanistically, the luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that cadherin 2 (CDH2) was a potential target gene of miR-495-3p. Importantly, overexpression of miR-495-3p inhibited CDH2 expression. Furthermore, knockdown of CDH2 in C2C12 inhibited proliferation and promoted myogenic differentiation. Together, the results showed that miR-495-3p inhibits C2C12 proliferation and promotes myogenic differentiation through targeting CDH2.

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