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1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(28): 7932-7937, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232654

RESUMO

l-Methionine is an essential bioactive amino acid with high commercial value for diverse applications. Sustained attentions have been paid to efficient and economical preparation of l-methionine. In this work, a novel method for l-methionine production was established using O-acetyl-homoserine (OAH) and 3-methylthiopropionaldehyde (MMP) as substrates by catalysis of the yeast OAH sulfhydrylase MET17. The OAH sulfhydrylase gene Met17 was cloned from Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c and overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21. A 49 kDa MET17 was detected in the supernatant of the recombinant E. coli strain BL21-Met17 lysate with IPTG induction, which exhibited the biological activity of l-methionine biosynthesis from OAH and MMP. The recombinant MET17 was then purified from E. coli BL21-Met17 and used for in vitro biosynthesis of l-methionine. The maximal conversion rate (86%) of OAH to l-methionine catalyzed by purified MET17 was achieved by optimization of the molar ratio of OAH to MMP. The method proposed in this study provides a possible novel route for the industrial production of l-methionine.

2.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High cellularity and abnormal interstitial structures are some of the unfavorable factors that affect the treatment outcomes and survival of rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) patients. PURPOSE: To explore the correlation between diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) with quantitative histopathologic features in a murine model of RMS. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. ANIMAL MODEL: Murine model of RMS (31 female BALB/c nude mice). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3.0 T; fast spin-echo (FSE) T1-weighted imaging, fast relaxation fast spin-echo (FRFSE) T2-weighted imaging, DWI PROPELLER FSE imaging sequence, and IVIM echo planar imaging sequence; 10 different b-values (0, 50, 100, 150, 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000, and 1200 s/mm2 ). ASSESSMENT: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed after 30-45 days of implantation. The following MRI parameters were calculated: apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), pure diffusion coefficient (D), pseudo-diffusion coefficient (D*), and perfusion fraction (f). Histopathologic features, which contained nuclear, cytoplasmic, and stromal fractions, and the nuclear-to-cytoplasmic ratio within the tumor were measured using image-based segmentation. STATISTICAL TESTS: Pearson's correlation, multiple linear regression analysis, and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis were performed. A P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The ADC value showed moderate negative correlation with nuclear fraction (r = -0.540), and moderate positive correlation with stroma fraction (r = 0.474). The D value showed moderate negative correlation with nuclear fraction (r = -0.491), and moderate positive correlation with stroma fraction (r = 0.421). The f value showed a moderate negative correlation with stroma fraction (r = -0.423). The D value showed the best diagnostic ability. The optimal cut-off D value of 0.460 was associated with 77.8% sensitivity and 68.2% specificity (area under the curve, 0.747). DATA CONCLUSION: The ADC, D, and f values obtained from DWI and IVIM images showed moderate correlation with the quantitative histopathologic features in a murine model of RMS. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 1 TECHNICAL EFFICACY STAGE: 3.

3.
Microb Biotechnol ; 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231972

RESUMO

The effect of a microbial consortium-based (MCB) biocontrol product, composed of Bacillus subtilis, Trichoderma harzianum strain and diatomaceous earth as a carrier, on potato yield, and potential modes of action for its effect were investigated. The MCB product (300 kg ha-1 ) was added to furrows in which the potato seed tubers each year for 3 years (2016, 2017 and 2018), while potato planting without the MCB product treatment served as the control. A metagenomic analysis indicated that bacterial phylotypes dominated the microbial community, with a relatively small contribution of archaea and fungal taxa. The relative abundance of beneficial bacterial taxa increased significantly in response to the MCB product treatment. Notably, a higher relative abundance of bacterial taxa with carbon fixation, carbon-degrading and nitrogen metabolism properties were observed in the MCB product-treated potato rhizosphere. This was also reflected in the identification of a greater abundance of genes encoding enzymes involved in nitrogen metabolism, carbon fixation and carbon degradation pathways in the conducted metagenomic analysis. The greater relative abundance of these beneficial bacterial taxa in the rhizosphere of MCB product-treated plots, as well as the higher abundance of genes associated with the indicated cellular processes, were associated with an increase in tuber yield. The observed changes in microbial community structure at an early stage of tuber development appears to have a beneficial impact on tuber yield.

4.
Adv Mater ; : e2101425, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235791

RESUMO

Hydrogen (H2 ) production from direct seawater electrolysis is an economically appealing yet fundamentally and technically challenging approach to harvest clean energy. The current seawater electrolysis technology is significantly hindered by the poor stability and low selectivity of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) due to the competition with chlorine evolution reaction in practical application. Herein, iron and phosphor dual-doped nickel selenide nanoporous films (Fe,P-NiSe2 NFs) are rationally designed as bifunctional catalysts for high-efficiency direct seawater electrolysis. The doping of Fe cation increases the selectivity and Faraday efficiency (FE) of the OER. While the doping of P anions improves the electronic conductivity and prevents the dissolution of selenide by forming a passivation layer containing P-O species. The Fe-dopant is identified as the primary active site for the hydrogen evolution reaction, and meanwhile, stimulates the adjacent Ni atoms as active centers for the OER. The experimental analyses and theoretical calculations provide an insightful understanding of the roles of dual-dopants in boosting seawater electrolysis. As a result, a current density of 0.8 A cm-2 is archived at 1.8 V with high OER selectivity and long-term stability for over 200 h, which surpasses the benchmarking platinum-group-metals-free electrolyzers.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235813

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the expression of formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2) in maternal blood, umbilical blood, and placenta of patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and to analyze the changes of other pro-inflammatory cytokines in blood, including interleukin 33 (IL-33), IL-1ß, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and C-reactive protein (CRP), so as to reveal the pathogenesis of GDM. METHODS: FPR2, IL-33, IL-1ß, T TNF-α, and CRP in maternal blood and umbilical cord blood of 50 pregnant women with GDM and 30 normal pregnant women were analyzed by ELISA method to explore the correlation between inflammatory factors and blood glucose. The expression of FPR2 in placental tissues was analyzed by PCR and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The expression of FPR2 in maternal blood of gestational diabetes patients was significantly higher than that of normal pregnant women, and other inflammatory factors IL-33 and IL-1ß in maternal blood were also significantly increased. The expression of FPR2 in umbilical cord blood of gestational diabetes was higher than that of normal pregnant women, but the difference was not significant. Other inflammatory factors IL-33, IL-1ß, and CRP in umbilical cord blood were also significantly increased. The expression of FPR2mRNA and protein in placental tissues of gestational diabetes was significantly higher than that of normal pregnant women. CONCLUSIONS: The level of FPR2, IL-33, and IL-1ß in maternal blood was related to the pathogenesis of GDM and these inflammatory factors could be used as special candidate direction of marks for the prevention, clinical treatment and drug design of GDM, laying a new theoretical foundation for the treatment of GDM.

6.
Clin Sci (Lond) ; 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236078

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a worldwide chronic inflammatory lung disease, and influenza A virus (IAV) infection is a common cause of acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). Therefore, targeting viral infections represents a promising strategy to prevent the occurrence and development of inflammatory flare ups in AECOPD. Jianpiyifei II (JPYFII) is a traditional herbal medicine used in China to treat patients with COPD, and its clinical indications are not well understood. However, investigation of the anti-inflammatory effects and underlying mechanism using an animal model of smoking has been reported in a previous study by our group. In addition, some included herbs, such as Radix astragali and Radix aupleuri, were reported to exhibit anti-viral effects. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether JPYFII formulation relieved acute inflammation by clearing the IAV in a mouse model that was exposed to cigarette smoke experimentally. JPYFII formulation treatment during smoke exposure and IAV infection significantly reduced the number of cells observed in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, superoxide production, and viral load in IAV-infected and smoke-exposed mice. However, JPYFII formulation treatment during smoke exposure alone did not reduce the number of cells in BALF or the expression of Il-6, Tnf-a, and Il-1ß. The results demonstrated that JPYFII formulation exerted an anti-viral effect and reduced the exacerbation of lung inflammation in cigarette smoke (CS)-exposed mice infected with IAV. Our results suggested that JPYFII formulation could potentially be used to treat patients with AECOPD associated with IAV infection.

7.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 771, 2021 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217249

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to negative results in clinical trials of postoperative chemoradiation for gastric cancer, at present, there is a tendency to move chemoradiation therapy forward in gastric and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma. Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are currently recruiting subjects to investigate the effect of neo-adjuvant radiotherapy (NRT) in gastric and GEJ cancer. Large retrospective studies may be beneficial in clarifying the potential benefit of NRT, providing implications for RCTs. METHODS: We retrieved the clinicopathological and treatment data of gastric and GEJ adenocarcinoma patients who underwent surgical resection and chemotherapy between 2004 and 2015 from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. We compared survival between NRT and non-NRT patients among four clinical subgroups (T1-2N-, T1-2N+, T3-4N-, and T3-4N+). RESULTS: Overall, 5272 patients were identified, among which 1984 patients received NRT. After adjusting confounding variables, significantly improved survival between patients with and without NRT was only observed in T3-4N+ subgroup [hazard ratio (HR) 0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.66-0.95; P = 0.01]. Besides, Kaplan-Meier plots showed significant cause-specific survival advantage of NRT in intestinal type (P <  0.001), but not in diffuse type (P = 0.11) for T3-4N+ patients. In the multivariate competing risk model, NRT still showed survival advantage only in T3-4 N+ patients (subdistribution HR: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.64-0.93; P = 0.006), but not in other subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: NRT might benefit resectable gastric and GEJ cancer patients of T3-4 stages with positive lymph nodes, particularly for intestinal-type. Nevertheless, these results should be interpreted with caution, and more data from ongoing RCTs are warranted.

8.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 199, 2021 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of long non-coding RNAs has been implied to connect with cancer progression. This research was to decipher the mechanism of long non-coding RNA SDCBP2-AS1 in ovarian cancer (OC) through regulation of microRNA (miR)-100-5p and ependymin-related protein 1 (EPDR1). METHODS: LncRNA SDCBP2-AS1 and EPDR1 levels in OC were assessed by Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis. lncRNA SDCBP2-AS1, miR-100-5p, and EPDR1 levels in OC tissues and cells were determined. SKOV3 and A2780 cells were transfected with lncRNA SDCBP2-AS1, miR-100-5p, and EPDR1-related plasmids or sequences, and then their functions in cell viability, apoptosis, migration, and invasion were evaluated. The interplay of lncRNA SDCBP2-AS1, miR-100-5p, and EPDR1 was clarified. RESULTS: LncRNA SDCBP2-AS1 and EPDR1 levels were suppressed whilst miR-100-5p level was elevated in OC. After upregulating lncRNA SDCBP2-AS1 or EPDR1, viability, migration, and invasion of OC cells were impaired, and apoptosis rate was increased. Downregulating EPDR1 or upregulating miR-100-5p partially mitigated upregulated lncRNA SDCBP2-AS1-induced impacts on the biological functions of OC cells. LncRNA SDCBP2-AS1 sponged miR-100-5p, and EPDR1 was targeted by miR-100-5p. CONCLUSION: It is illustrated that lncRNA SDCBP2-AS1 regulates EPDR1 by sponge adsorption of miR-100-5p to inhibit the progression of OC.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Ovarianas , RNA Longo não Codificante , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas de Neoplasias , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Prognóstico
9.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(12): 2004947, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34194935

RESUMO

The inherently small temperature difference in air environment restricts the applications of thermoelectric generation in the field of Internet of Things and wearable electronics. Here, a leaf-inspired flexible thermoelectric generator (leaf-TEG) that makes maximum use of temperature difference by vertically aligning poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate and constantan thin films is demonstrated. Analytical formulae of the performance scales, i.e., temperature difference utilization ratio (φ th) and maximum output power (P max), are derived to optimize the leaf-TEG dimensions. In an air duct (substrate: 36 °C, air: 6 °C, air flowing: 1 m s-1), the 10-leaf-TEG shows a φ th of 73% and P max of 0.38 µW per leaf. A proof-of-concept wearable 100-leaf-TEG (60 cm2) generates 11 µW on an arm at room temperature. Furthermore, the leaf-TEG is flexible and durable that is confirmed by bending and brushing over 1000 times. The proposed leaf-TEG is very appropriate for air convection scenarios with limited temperature differences.

10.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 1746945, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257848

RESUMO

On a global scale, cardiovascular disease has become one of the most serious diseases that endangers human health and causes death and seriously threatens human life and health. If we can make accurate, timely, and effective judgments on cardiovascular-related parameters and take corresponding effective measures, the incidence of cardiovascular diseases can be reduced to a large extent. Based on this, this paper proposes the clinical application research of ultrasound virtual reality technology in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. This article uses literature methods, experimental research methods, mathematical statistical analysis methods, and other research methods and in-depth study of virtual reality technology, cardiovascular disease, and other theoretical knowledge and briefly introduces ultrasound image denoising algorithms, such as bilateral filtering and PM model. And on this basis, it establishes clinical trials of ultrasound virtual reality technology in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. This article mainly analyzes the application of virtual reality technology, technology comparison, and the experimental results carried out in this article. From the survey results, the total prevalence of hypertension was 25.1%, and the prevalence of males and females was 25.9% and 24.4%, respectively; the diagnostic accuracy rate of the experimental group reached 85.39%, while the diagnostic accuracy rate of the control group was 76.8%. It shows that the use of ultrasound virtual reality technology for disease diagnosis can effectively improve the accuracy of cardiovascular disease diagnosis and reduce the proportion of misdiagnosis and missed detection.

11.
J Integr Neurosci ; 20(2): 255-264, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258924

RESUMO

The abnormal deposition of the extracellular amyloid-ß peptide is the typical pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. Strategies to reduce the amyloid-ß deposition effectively alleviate the neuronal degeneration and cognitive deficits of Alzheimer's disease. Danggui-Shaoyao-San has been considered a useful therapeutic agent known for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. However, the mechanism of Danggui-Shaoyao-San for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease remains unclear. We investigated Danggui-Shaoyao-San's effect on amyloidosis and neuronal degeneration in an APP/PS1 mouse model. We found Danggui-Shaoyao-San alleviated the cognitive deficits in APP/PS1 mice. Additionally, Danggui-Shaoyao-San ameliorated the neuronal degeneration in these mice. Danggui-Shaoyao-San reduced the amyloidosis and amyloid-ß1-42 deposition in APP/PS1 mouse brain and down-regulated the receptor for advanced glycation end products, and up-regulated the level of low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1. However, the protein expression of the ß-amyloid precursor protein, ß-Secretase and presenilin-1 (PS1) in the amyloid-ß production pathway, and the expression of neprilysin and insulin-degrading enzyme in the amyloid-ß degradation pathway were not altered. Our findings collectively suggest that Danggui-Shaoyao-San could ameliorate the amyloidosis and neuronal degeneration of Alzheimer's disease, which may be associated with its up-regulation lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 and down-regulation of the receptor for advanced glycation end products.

12.
New Phytol ; 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254312

RESUMO

Plants absorb sulfur from the environment and assimilate it into suitable forms for the biosynthesis of a broad range of molecules. Although the biochemical pathway of sulfur assimilation is known, how genetic differences contribute to natural variation in sulfur assimilation remains poorly understood. Here, using genome-wide association study (GWAS), we uncovered a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) variant in the sulfite reductase (SiR) gene that was significantly associated with SiR protein abundance in a maize natural association population. We also demonstrated that the nonsynonymous C to G base change at SNP69 may repress translational activity by altering mRNA secondary structure, which leads to reduction in ZmSiR protein abundance and sulfur assimilation activity. Population genetic analyses showed that the SNP69C allele was likely a variant occurring after the initial maize domestication and accumulated with the spread of maize cultivation from tropical to temperate regions. This study provides the first evidence that genetic polymorphisms in the exon of ZmSiR could influence the protein abundance through a post-transcriptional mechanism and in part contribute to natural variation in sulfur assimilation. These findings provide a prospective target to improve maize varieties with proper sulfur nutrient levels assisted by molecular breeding and engineering.

13.
Pharm Biol ; 59(1): 860-867, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214019

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Schizandrin A (Sch A) is a major phytochemical from Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. (Schisandraceae), which exerts a neuroprotective effect in Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism of Sch A in AD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: AD group: APP/PS1 transgenic mice served as AD models; AD + SCH group: APP/PS1 received 2 mg/kg Sch A by intragastric administration; WT: C57BL/6 mice were used as control. For in vitro assay, mouse microglial BV2 cells were treated with 0.5 µg/mL lipopolysaccharide or combined with 10 µmol/L Sch A for 24 h. The cognitive function and apoptosis in the mice was estimated. Microglial polarisation in the mice and cells was analysed. RESULTS: Sch A treatment effectively improved spatial learning and memory ability and suppressed apoptosis in the brain tissues of APP/PS1 mice. APP/PS1 mice exhibited an increase in the levels of Aß1-42 (2367.9 ± 431.1 pg/mg) and Aß1-40 (1753.3 ± 253.4 pg/mg), which was abolished by Sch A treatment. Moreover, Sch A treatment repressed the proportions of iNOS+/Iba-1+ cells and IL-6 expression, while enhanced the proportions of Arg-1+/Iba-1+ cells and IL-10 expression in APP/PS1 mice. In vitro, Sch A treatment reduced the proportions of CD16/32+ cells, iNOS expression and IL-6 levels (25.7 ± 5.3 pg/mL) repressed M1 polarisation, and enhanced the proportions of CD206 cells, Arg-1 expression and IL-10 levels (75.9 ± 12.8 pg/mL) in BV2 cells. CONCLUSIONS: This research confirms the neuroprotective effect of Sch A in AD, suggesting that Sch A may become a potential anti-AD agent.

14.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4371, 2021 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34272364

RESUMO

Metabolic programming and mitochondrial dynamics along with T cell differentiation affect T cell fate and memory development; however, how to control metabolic reprogramming and mitochondrial dynamics in T cell memory development is unclear. Here, we provide evidence that the SUMO protease SENP1 promotes T cell memory development via Sirt3 deSUMOylation. SENP1-Sirt3 signalling augments the deacetylase activity of Sirt3, promoting both OXPHOS and mitochondrial fusion. Mechanistically, SENP1 activates Sirt3 deacetylase activity in T cell mitochondria, leading to reduction of the acetylation of mitochondrial metalloprotease YME1L1. Consequently, deacetylation of YME1L1 suppresses its activity on OPA1 cleavage to facilitate mitochondrial fusion, which results in T cell survival and promotes T cell memory development. We also show that the glycolytic intermediate fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) as a negative regulator suppresses AMPK-mediated activation of the SENP1-Sirt3 axis and reduces memory development. Moreover, glucose limitation reduces FBP production and activates AMPK during T cell memory development. These data show that glucose limitation activates AMPK and the subsequent SENP1-Sirt3 signalling for T cell memory development.

15.
J Thorac Oncol ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274504

RESUMO

COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, which enters host cells via the cell surface proteins ACE2 and TMPRSS2. Using a variety of normal and malignant models and tissues from the aerodigestive and respiratory tracts, we investigated the expression and regulation of ACE2 and TMPRSS2. We find that ACE2 expression is restricted to a select population of epithelial cells. Notably, infection with SARS-CoV-2 in cancer cell lines, bronchial organoids, and patient nasal epithelium, induces metabolic and transcriptional changes consistent with epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), including upregulation of ZEB1 and AXL, resulting in an increased EMT score. Additionally, a transcriptional loss of genes associated with tight junction function occurs with SARS-CoV-2 infection. The SARS-CoV-2 receptor, ACE2, is repressed by EMT via TGFbeta, ZEB1 overexpression and onset of EGFR TKI inhibitor resistance. This suggests a novel model of SARS-CoV-2 pathogenesis in which infected cells shift toward an increasingly mesenchymal state, associated with a loss of tight junction components with acute respiratory distress syndrome-protective effects. AXL-inhibition and ZEB1-reduction, as with bemcentinib, offers a potential strategy to reverse this effect. These observations highlight the utility of aerodigestive and, especially, lung cancer model systems in exploring the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 and other respiratory viruses, and offer important insights into the potential mechanisms underlying the morbidity and mortality of COVID-19 in healthy patients and cancer patients alike.

16.
Dev Med Child Neurol ; 2021 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275143

RESUMO

AIM: To further identify and broaden the phenotypic characteristics and genotype spectrum of the dehydrodolichol diphosphate synthase (DHDDS) gene. METHOD: Pathogenic variants of DHDDS were identified by whole-exome sequencing; clinical data of 10 patients (six males, four females; age range 2-14y; mean age 5y 9mo, SD 3y 3mo) were collected and analysed. RESULTS: All patients had seizures, and myoclonic seizures could be seen in eight patients, with myoclonic status epilepticus in three. The interictal electroencephalogram (EEG) in four patients at seizure onset showed generalized slow waves, slow wave mixed spikes, and spike and waves. Tremor, ataxia, and hypertonia was observed in six, five, and three patients respectively. The results of short-latency somatosensory evoked potential in two patients were normal, and the symptom of tremor was captured on EEG without time-locked discharges in one patient, suggesting that the tremor in both patients was a motor impairment rather than myoclonic seizures. Global developmental delay occurred in all patients, among whom nine showed severe intellectual disability and one moderate. Five DHDDS variants were identified, three of which have not been reported previously. INTERPRETATION: Myoclonic seizure is the most common seizure type in heterozygous DHDDS variants, while myoclonic status epilepticus can also occur. The pattern of interictal EEG discharges is characterized by slow waves rather than spike and waves, and generalized discharges was prominent.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275271

RESUMO

Exploiting novel nanomaterials with fast and durable sodium/potassium ion storage capability is key to alleviate the application limitations of lithium-ion batteries. Herein, a novel energy storage material based on cobalt metaphosphate nanosheet arrays self-supported on carbon cloths [Co(PO3)2 NSs/CC] is fabricated by a two-step strategy. This rationally designed strategy avoids the preparation of the complex {Co[O2P(OtBu)2]2}n precursor, which significantly simplifies the synthesis process. The active CC acts not only as an electrically conductive substrate as usual but also as a functional basis to suppress PH3-involved reaction and to promote HPO3-involved reaction during the phosphating process, contributing to the formation of Co(PO3)2. The mutual cross-linked porous Co(PO3)2 nanosheets vertically grow on the surface of activated CC, ensuring sufficient electrolyte infiltration and fast electron transport among the electrodes. Sodium ion storage analysis for the Co(PO3)2 NSs/CC electrode reveals a multi-step reaction mechanism with high reversibility, as reflected by the high reversible capacity (667 mA h g-1 at 50 mA g-1) and excellent cyclability (with almost no capacity decay over 500 cycles). This novel electrode is also well capable of storing potassium ions, exhibiting high reversible capacity, which outperforms most reported anodes for potassium-ion batteries. The development of this novel high-performance nanomaterial would advance the performance of sodium/potassium-ion batteries toward practical applications.

18.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275281

RESUMO

The development of efficient methods for facilitating N-C(O) bond activation in amides is an important objective in organic synthesis that permits the manipulation of the traditionally unreactive amide bonds. Herein, we report a comparative evaluation of a series of cyclic amides as activating groups in amide N-C(O) bond cross-coupling. Evaluation of N-acyl-imides, N-acyl-lactams, and N-acyl-oxazolidinones bearing five- and six-membered rings using Pd(II)-NHC and Pd-phosphine systems reveals the relative reactivity order of N-activating groups in Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling. The reactivity of activated phenolic esters and thioesters is evaluated for comparison in O-C(O) and S-C(O) cross-coupling under the same reaction conditions. Most notably, the study reveals N-acyl-δ-valerolactams as a highly effective class of mono-N-acyl-activated amide precursors in cross-coupling. The X-ray structure of the model N-acyl-δ-valerolactam is characterized by an additive Winkler-Dunitz distortion parameter Σ(τ+χN) of 54.0°, placing this amide in a medium distortion range of twisted amides. Computational studies provide insight into the structural and energetic parameters of the amide bond, including amidic resonance, N/O-protonation aptitude, and the rotational barrier around the N-C(O) axis. This class of N-acyl-lactams will be a valuable addition to the growing portfolio of amide electrophiles for cross-coupling reactions by acyl-metal intermediates.

19.
Memory ; : 1-9, 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278949

RESUMO

The current study examined the impact of social media as a retrieval context (in contrast to private recall) on the retention of autobiographical memory. At session 1, participants (N = 177) generated recent life events in response to cue words and then described the event details as if they were writing about the events either on WeChat or in their diaries. They received a surprise memory test for the events at session 2 either one week or two weeks later, either with or without the original cue words. Participants in the WeChat condition recalled less consistent memories between the two sessions than those in the diary condition, especially when the memory test took place at the one-week interval and when there were no cues to assist recall at the two-week interval. It appears that memories recalled on social media are subject to greater reconstruction in subsequent offline recall, and that the timing of recall and the presence of memory cues interact with the reconstructive process. These findings shed new light on autobiographical remembering in the digital age.

20.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 327, 2021 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic and relevant prevention and control measures may affect the mental health and induce depressive symptoms in fathers with concurrent partner delivery exposure. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of depression in fathers with simultaneous exposure to COVID-19 pandemic and the effects of family functions on paternal perinatal depression (PPD) risk. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the perinatal fathers recruited in a large tertiary hospital in Wuhan across the whole pandemic period from 31 December 2019 to 11 April 2020. Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and APGAR family function scale were used to evaluate PPD and family function, respectively. Chi-square test and multivariable-adjusted logistic regression model were applied for data analysis. RESULTS: Among the 1187 participants, the prevalence of PPD was 13.82% throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. Compared with that in the time period before the announcement of human-to-human transmission on 19 January 2020, the depression risk was significantly lower during the traffic restriction (OR = 0.54, 95% CI: 0.34, 0.86) and public transportation reopening periods (OR = 0.29, 95% CI: 0.14, 0.59). Poor/fair family functions was associated with elevated depression risk (OR = 2.93, 95% CI: 1.90, 4.52). Individuals reporting a low family income and smoking had high depression risks. CONCLUSIONS: A declined risk of PPD was observed over the traffic restriction period of the COVID-19 pandemic. An improved family function may help alleviate the risk of PPD during the pandemic. Health authorities are recommended to formulate targeted prevention and control strategies to handle PPD.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Depressão Pós-Parto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Pai , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Gravidez , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2
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