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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499597

RESUMO

A Gram-reaction-negative, yellow-pigmented, non-spore-forming rod, aerobic, motile bacterium, designated SJY3T, was isolated from soil samples collected from a Pu-erh tea cellar in Bolian Pu-erh tea estate Co. Ltd. in Pu'er city, Yunnan, south-west China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolate belonged to the genus Massilia. The closest phylogenetic relative was Massilia arenae CICC 24458T (99.5 %), followed by M. timonae CCUG45783T (97.9 %), M. oculi CCUG43427AT (97.8 %), and M. aurea DSM 18055T (97.8 %). The major fatty acids were C16 : 0 and C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c. The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone Q-8 and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidylethanolamine. Genome sequencing revealed a genome size of 5.97 M bp and a G+C content of 65.4 mol%. Pairwise determined whole genome average nucleotide identity (gANI) values and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values were all below the threshold. Although the 16S rRNA gene similarity of stain SJY3T and Massilia arenae CICC 24458T was more than 99 %, the gANI, dDDH values and genomic tree clearly indicated that they were not of the same species. In summary, strain SJY3T represents a new species, for which we propose the name Massilia puerhi sp. nov. with the type strain SJY3T (=CGMCC 1.17158T=KCTC 82193T).


Assuntos
Oxalobacteraceae/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oxalobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Chá , Ubiquinona/química
2.
Front Public Health ; 9: 631411, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513776

RESUMO

Background: Cytomegalovirus seroconversion during pregnancy is common and has a substantial risk of congenital infection with longterm sequale. Screening during pregnancy or vaccination have not been shown to be effective for eliminating congenital infections. Preconception screening policy has not been evaluated adequately in a large scale. This nationwide study aimed to investigate epidemiological features of cytomegalovirus seropositivity and its geographic variation among Chinese women planning a pregnancy to gather epidemiological evidence as an essential for developing novel prevention strategies. Method: This cross-sectional sero-epidemiological survey enrolled women intending to become pregnant within 6 months in mainland China during 2010-2012. The primary outcomes in this study were cytomegalovirus Immunoglobulin G and M seropositivity. Secondary outcomes were the associations between Immunoglobulin G and Immunoglobulin M, with socio-demographic characteristics, including age, occupation, education level, place of residence, and ethnicity. The overall seropositivity and regional disparity was analyzed on the individual and regional level, respectively. Results: This study included data from 1,564,649 women from 31 provinces in mainland China. Among participants, 38.6% (n = 603,511) were cytomegalovirus immunoglobulin G+, 0.4% (n = 6,747) were immunoglobulin M+, and 0.2% (n = 2,879) were immunoglobulin M+ and immunoglobulin G+. On individual level, participant's age, ethnicity, and residing region were significantly associated with IgG+, IgM+, and IgM+IgG+ (P < 0.001), while occupation, education level, and place of residence were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). On regional level, cytomegalovirus immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin M seropositivity was highest in the eastern region (49.5 and 0.5%, respectively), and lowest in the western region (26.9 and 0.4%, respectively). This geographic variation was also noted at the provincial level, characterized by higher provincial immunoglobulin M+ and immunoglobulin G+ rates associated with higher immunoglobulin G seropositivity. In the subgroup analysis of immunoglobulin G seropositivity, areas of higher immunoglobulin G positivity had a higher rate of immunoglobulin M+, indicating an expected increased risk of reinfection and primary infection. Conclusions: A substantial proportion of women (>60%) were susceptible to cytomegalovirus in preconception period in China, and immunoglobulin G seropositivity was seen at a low-medium level with substantial geographic variation. Integration of cytomegalovirus antibody testing in preconception screening program based on regional immunoglobulin G seropositivity, should be considered to promote strategies directed toward preventing sero-conversion during pregnancy to reduce the risk of this congenital infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Citomegalovirus , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
3.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(8)2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34440295

RESUMO

Chinese kale (Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra) is rich in carotenoids, and neoxanthin is one of the most important carotenoids in Chinese kale. In this study, the function of the neoxanthin synthase gene (BoaNXS) in Chinese kale was investigated. BoaNXS, which had a 699-bp coding sequence, was cloned from the white flower cultivar of Chinese kale and was expressed in all developmental stages and organs of Chinese kale; its expression was highest in young seeds. The subcellular localization indicated that BoaNXS was localized in the chloroplast. BoaNXS-overexpressed plants were obtained via Agrobacterium-mediated transient overexpression methodology, and the gene overexpression efficiencies ranged from 2.10- to 4.24-fold. The color in the leaves of BoaNXS-overexpressed plants changed from green to yellow-green; the content of total and individual carotenoids, such as neoxanthin, violaxanthin, and lutein, was significantly increased, and the expression levels of most carotenoid biosynthetic genes were notably increased. These findings indicated that BoaNXS is of vital importance in carotenoid biosynthesis in Chinese kale and could be used as a candidate gene for enriching the carotenoid accumulation and color of Chinese kale and other Brassica vegetables.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13821, 2021 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226585

RESUMO

Crop yield is limited by water and nitrogen (N) availability. However, in Hexi Corridor of northwestern China, water scarcity and excessive fertilizer N in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production causes serious conflicts between water and N supply and crop demand. A field experiment was conducted from 2016 to 2018 to evaluate whether reducing of irrigation and fertilizer N will reduce grain yield of wheat. There were two irrigation quotas (192 and 240 mm) and three fertilizer N rates (135, 180, and 225 kg N ha-1). The results showed that reducing irrigation to 192 mm and N rate to 180 kg N ha-1 reduced water uptake, water uptake efficiency, and N uptake of spring wheat as compared to local practice (i.e., 240 mm irrigation and 225 kg N ha-1 fertilizer). Whereas, it improved water and N utilization efficiency, and water and N productivity. Consequently, the irrigation and N rate reduced treatment achieved the same quantity of grain yield as local practice. The path analysis showed that interaction effect between irrigation and N fertilization may attributable to the improvement of grain yield with lower irrigation and N rate. The enhanced water and N utilization allows us to conclude that irrigation quota at 192 mm coupled with fertilizer N rate at 180 kg N ha-1 can be used as an efficient practice for wheat production in arid irrigation areas.

5.
Environ Res ; 200: 111399, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077756

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is known about whether long-term exposures to air borne particulate matters of 2.5 µm or less (PM2.5) impact human hematologic index for women preparing for pregnancy. No study assessed the effect of PM1, which is small enough to reach the blood circulation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether exposure to PM1 and PM2.5 is associated with blood cell count of woman preparing for pregnancy. METHOD: Based on the baseline data of a national birth cohort in China, we analysed the white blood cell (WBC), red blood cells (RBC) and thrombocyte counts of 1,203,565 women who are aged 18-45 years, being Han ethnicity, had no chronic disease and preparing for pregnancy. We matched their home addresses and examination date with daily concentrations of PM1 and PM2.5 which were estimated by a machine learning method with remote sensing, meteorological and land use information. Generalized additive mixed model to examine the associations between exposure to one-year average exposure to PMs prior to the health examination and the blood cells counts, after adjustment for potential individual variables. RESULTS: A 10 µg/m3 PM1 increment was associated with -1.49% (95%CI: 1.56%, -1.42%) difference in WBC count; with 0.33% (95%CI: 0.30%, 0.36%) difference of RBC count; and with 1.08% (95%CI: 1.01%, 1.15%) difference of thrombocyte count. For PM2.5, the corresponding difference was -0.47% (95%CI: 0.54%, -0.39%) for WBC; was 0.06% (95%CI: 0.03%, 0.09%) for RBC; and was 1.10% (95%CI: 1.02%, 1.18%) for thrombocyte. Women working as workers, being overweight and with tobacco smoking exposure had higher associations between PMs and hematologic index than their counterparts (p < 0.05 for interaction test). CONCLUSION: Long-term exposure to PMs were associated with decrement in WBC, as well as increment in RBC and thrombocytes among Han Chinese women preparing for pregnancy. Measures such as using air purifiers and wearing a mask in polluted areas should be improved to prevent women from the impact of PMs.


Assuntos
Filtros de Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , China , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Gravidez
6.
Environ Sci Process Impacts ; 23(7): 1040-1049, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34152344

RESUMO

Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are widely used to manufacture textile fibers, synthetic rubber, and paint. However, crop yields and quality are threatened by the increased use of metallic NPs in industry, which has resulted in their accumulation in agricultural land. Many studies have shown that plants defend against biotic and abiotic stresses through the activities of metabolites and hormones. However, whether glucosinolates (GSs) are involved in plant responses to ZnO NP-related stress remains unknown. In this study, wild-type (WT) and GS mutant (myb28/29 and cyp79B2/B3) Arabidopsis plants were subjected to ZnO NP stress to address this question. Our results showed that exposure to ZnO NPs promoted GS accumulation and induced the relative messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels of GS biosynthesis-related genes. Moreover, ZnO NP treatment adversely affected root length, the number of lateral roots, chlorophyll contents, and plant biomass. Importantly, our results showed that root growth, chlorophyll contents, and plant biomass were all decreased in the GS mutants compared with those in WT plants. Overall, our results showed that WT plants tolerated ZnO NP-induced stress more efficiently than the GS mutants, suggesting that GSs are involved in plant resistance to ZnO NP-induced toxicity.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Nanopartículas , Óxido de Zinco , Arabidopsis/genética , Glucosinolatos/toxicidade , Raízes de Plantas , Óxido de Zinco/toxicidade
7.
Pest Manag Sci ; 77(10): 4313-4320, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33942969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While plant glucosinolates are known to impart resistance to many insects, their role in the interactions between plants and many phloem-feeding insects such as whiteflies are poorly understood. The whitefly Bemisia tabaci complex comprises many cryptic species that differ in the ability to utilize Brassica plants. However, whether Brassica plants-specific traits such as glucosinolates determine differences of whiteflies in colonizing Brassica plants remains in question. RESULTS: We first observed performance of two whitefly species MEAM1 and Asia II 3, which differ obviously in their ability to colonize Brassica plants, on four cultivars of three Brassica species that vary in glucosinolate profile. We found that the life history characteristics of each of the two whitefly species seems to be only marginally affected by cultivar. We next used wild-type Arabidopsis plants and mutants defective in glucosinolate biosynthesis or hydrolysis to explore the effects of glucosinolates on the whitefly. We found that fecundity and development of immature stages of neither of the two whitefly species differ significantly between wild-type and mutants. CONCLUSION: The data suggest that glucosinolates may have little effect on the oviposition by adults and the survival and development of immature stages of MEAM1 and Asia II 3 whiteflies. The marked differences in colonizing Brassica crops between the two whitefly species are likely due to plant traits other than glucosinolates. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Brassica , Hemípteros , Animais , Brassica/genética , Glucosinolatos , Hemípteros/genética , Insetos , Oviposição
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972397

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of preconception alcohol consumption on risk of miscarriage incidence, and further evaluate the association between maternal periconception drinking abstinence and miscarriage. METHODS: We performed a population-based, retrospective cohort study in China between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2016. Alcohol intake and potential confounding factors were reported in standard questionnaires. Participants who became pregnant were recontacted for pregnancy outcome information within 1 year. A total 4 531 680 women with available data on preconception alcohol intake and miscarriage were included in the final analyses. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). RESULTS: The prevalence of miscarriage was 2.70% among 4 531 680 women. Compared with non-drinkers, the adjusted OR of miscarriage was 1.06 (95% CI 1.02 to 1.10) and 1.59 (95% CI 1.15 to 2.20) in maternal occasional drinkers and regular drinkers, respectively. Compared with couples in which neither the male nor the female consumed alcohol, the adjusted OR for miscarriage among women was 1.09 (95% CI 1.07 to 1.10), 1.13 (95% CI 1.06 to 1.21) and 1.12 (95% CI 1.07 to 1.17) in the couples in which only the female drank alcohol, only the male drank alcohol, and both drank alcohol, respectively. The adjusted OR was 0.58 (95% CI 0.51 to 0.65) in women with alcohol abstinence compared with alcohol drinkers. CONCLUSIONS: Preconception alcohol consumption was associated with higher odds of miscarriage, and an increasing risk was found with paternal and maternal alcohol drinking. Periconception alcohol abstinence was inversely associated with miscarriage.

9.
Food Chem ; 359: 129824, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33965761

RESUMO

Metabolic profiling of glucosinolates and their breakdown products in sprouts of 22 Chinese kale (Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra, BOA) varieties were investigated by using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Relationships between glucosinolate metabolites and flavor of Chinese kale sprouts were also analyzed. Results showed that compositions and contents of both glucosinolates and their breakdown products varied greatly among different varieties of Chinese kale sprouts. Gluconapin and 4,5-Epithio-pentanenitrile were the dominant glucosinolate and glucosinolate breakdown product in Chinese kale sprouts, respectively. Gluconapin and glucobrassicin were significantly related to bitterness (r = 0.577, 0.648, respectively; p < 0.05). BOA 1 and BOA 13, BOA 3 and BOA 10 are good candidates for future breeding programs since the former two varieties have light bitterness and pungency, and the latter two varieties contain high levels of glucosinolate breakdown products such as isothiocyanates and epithionitriles in sprouts.


Assuntos
Brassica/genética , Genótipo , Glucosinolatos/genética , Paladar , Brassica/química , Glucosinolatos/análise , Melhoramento Vegetal
10.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(4): e215723, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847747

RESUMO

Importance: Maternal thyrotropin levels during gestation have a profound effect on pregnancy outcomes; however, few studies to date have evaluated the importance of preconception thyrotropin levels. Objective: To investigate the associations between preconception thyrotropin levels and pregnancy outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cohort study enrolled Chinese women aged 20 to 49 years from the National Free Prepregnancy Checkups Project in China. Participants conceived within 6 months after the thyrotropin examination and completed follow-up for pregnancy outcomes between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2017. Data were analyzed between May 1, 2019, and March 31, 2020. Exposures: Levels of thyrotropin within 6 months before pregnancy, measured as less than 0.10 mIU/L, 0.10 to 0.36 mIU/L, 0.37 to 2.49 mIU/L, 2.50 to 4.87 mIU/L, 4.88 to 9.99 mIU/L, and 10.00 mIU/L or greater. Main Outcomes and Measures: The association of maternal preconception thyrotropin levels with the 4 primary adverse pregnancy outcomes was assessed, including preterm birth (PTB), small for gestational age (SGA), birth defect, and perinatal infant death. Logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the association between preconception maternal thyrotropin levels and risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. The dose-response associations were assessed using restricted cubic spline regression. Results: This study enrolled 5 840 894 women (mean [SD] age, 26.30 [4.10] years) in the primary analysis. The median (interquartile range [IQR]) thyrotropin level was 1.60 (1.06-2.37) mIU/L. The cumulative incidences for the adverse pregnancy outcomes were as follows: PTB, 6.56%; SGA, 7.21%; birth defect, 0.02%; and perinatal infant death, 0.33%. Compared with the reference group (thyrotropin range, 0.37-2.49 mIU/L), both low (<0.10 mIU/L and 0.10-0.36 mIU/L) and high (4.88-9.99 mIU/L and ≥10.00 mIU/L) maternal preconception thyrotropin levels were associated with higher risk of PTB (low: odds ratio [OR], 1.23 [95% CI, 1.19-1.27] and OR, 1.15 [95% CI, 1.13-1.18] vs high: OR, 1.13 [95% CI, 1.10-1.15] and OR, 1.14 [95% CI, 1.08-1.20]), SGA (low: OR, 1.37 [95% CI, 1.33-1.40] and OR, 1.14 [95% CI, 1.12-1.17] vs high: OR, 1.05 [95% CI, 1.03-1.08] and OR, 1.17 [95% CI, 1.11-1.23]), and perinatal infant death (low: OR, 1.26 [95% CI, 1.10-1.43] and OR, 1.14 [95% CI, 1.05-1.24] vs high: OR, 1.31 [95% CI, 1.20-1.43] and OR, 1.47 [95% CI, 1.21-1.80]). J-shaped associations between preconception thyrotropin levels and PTB (χ2 = 1033.45; nonlinear P < .001), SGA (χ2 = 568.90; nonlinear P < .001), and perinatal infant death (χ2 = 38.91; nonlinear P < .001) were identified. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, both low and high maternal thyrotropin levels were associated with a significantly increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Results suggest that the optimal preconception thyrotropin levels may be between 0.37 mIU/L and 2.50 mIU/L to prevent adverse pregnancy outcomes.


Assuntos
Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Tireotropina/sangue , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidado Pré-Concepcional , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/sangue , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Adulto Jovem
11.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-12, 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814016

RESUMO

Anaemia is a global public health problem affecting women worldwide, and reproductive-age women are at increased risk. We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study analysing the prevalence of overall anaemia and anaemia according to severity in Chinese pre-pregnant women to update current knowledge on anaemia epidemiology. Based on the National Free Preconception Check-up Projects supported by the Chinese government, 5 679 782 women participating in this project in 2017 were included in the present study. The cyanmethemoglobin method was applied to assess Hb concentrations. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were applied for associated factors. The prevalence of anaemia among Chinese pre-pregnant women was 21·64 % (mild: 14·10 %, moderate: 7·17 % and severe : 0·37 %). The prevalence of overall and severe anaemia was the highest in Tibet and the lowest in Beijing among thirty-one provinces. Women's age, region, ethnic origin, educational level, occupation and pregnancy history were all correlated with anaemia. Women with B blood type (adjusted OR (aOR) = 0·89), higher BMI (overweight: aOR = 0·84; obesity: aOR = 0·70) and alcohol consumption (aOR = 0·69) were less likely to have anaemia, while those with rhesus negative blood type (aOR = 1·10), history of anaemia (aOR = 2·60), older age at menarche (aOR = 1·19), heavy menstrual blood loss (aOR = 1·39), longer menstrual period (aOR = 1·09) and shorter menstrual cycle (aOR = 1·08) were more likely to suffer from anaemia. Meat or egg eaters were not significantly associated with severe anaemia. Anaemia is of moderate public health significance among Chinese pre-pregnant women. Interventions should be considered to prevent anaemia to the greatest extent possible to avoid potential harm in this population.

13.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0245201, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33534787

RESUMO

An unknown root-knot nematode was found at high density on grape roots collected from Yunnan Province. Morphometric traits and measurements, isozyme phenotypes, and molecular analysis clearly differentiated this nematode from previously described root-knot nematodes. This new species is described, illustrated and named Meloidogyne vitis sp. nov. The new species can be distinguished from other Meloidogyne spp. by a unique combination of characters. Females display a prominent neck, an excretory pore is located on the ventral region between 23rd and 25th annule behind lips, an EP/ST ratio of approximately 2.5 (1.98-2.96), a perineal pattern with two large and prominent phasmids, and a labial disc fused with the medial lips to form a dumbbell-shaped structure. Males display an obvious head region, a labial disc fused with the medial lips to form a dumbbell-shaped structure, no lateral lips, a prominent slit-like opening between the labial disc and medial lips, a distinct sunken appearance of the middle of the medial lips, and four incisures in the lateral field. Second-stage juveniles are characterized by a head region with slightly wrinkled mark, a labial disc fused with the medial lips to form a dumbbell-shaped structure, a slightly sunken appearance of the middle of the medial lips, a slit-like amphidial openings between the labial disc and lateral lips, and four incisures in the lateral field. The new species has rare Mdh (N3d) and Est phenotypes (VF1). Phylogenetic analysis based on ITS1-5.8S-ITS2, D2D3 fragments of rDNA, and coxI and coxII fragments of mtDNA sequences clearly separated the new species from other root-knot nematodes, and the closest relative was Meloidogyne mali. Meloidogyne mali was collected for amplifying these sequences as mentioned above, which were compared with the corresponding sequences of new species, the result showed that all of these sequences with highly base divergence (48-210 base divergence). Moreover, sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) primers for rapid identification of this new species were designed.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Raízes de Plantas/parasitologia , Tylenchoidea/genética , Vitis/parasitologia , Animais , Feminino , Masculino
14.
New Phytol ; 230(4): 1305-1320, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555072

RESUMO

Attacks on plants by both viruses and their vectors is common in nature. Yet the dynamics of the plant-virus-vector tripartite system, in particular the effects of viral infection on plant-insect interactions, have only begun to emerge in the last decade. Viruses can modulate the interactions between insect vectors and plants via the jasmonate, salicylic acid and ethylene phytohormone pathways, resulting in changes in fitness and viral transmission capacity of their insect vectors. Virus infection of plants may also modulate other phytohormones, such as auxin, gibberellins, cytokinins, brassinosteroids and abscisic acid, with yet undefined consequences on plant-insect interactions. Moreover, virus infection in plants may incur changes to other plant traits, such as nutrition and secondary metabolites, that potentially contribute to virus-associated, phytohormone-mediated manipulation of plant-insect interactions. In this article, we review the research progress, discuss issues related to the complexity and variability of the viral modulation of plant interactions with insect vectors, and suggest future directions of research in this field.


Assuntos
Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas , Vírus de Plantas , Animais , Citocininas , Insetos , Doenças das Plantas
15.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(4): 1375-1382, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33386866

RESUMO

An aerobic, Gram-staining-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming and motile bacterial strain, designated SJY2T, was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of tea plants (Camellia sinensis var. assamica) collected in the organic tea garden of the Jingmai Pu-erh tea district in Pu'er city, Yunnan, southwest China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolate belonged to the genus Paenibacillus. The closest phylogenetic relative was Paenibacillus filicis DSM 23916T (98.1% similarity). The major fatty acids (> 10% of the total fatty acids) were anteiso-C15:0 and isoC16:0. The major respiratory quinone was MK-7 and the major polar lipid was diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine. The peptidoglycan contained glutamic acid, serine, alanine and meso-diaminopimelic acid. Genome sequencing revealed a genome size of 6.71 Mbp and a G + C content of 53.1%. Pairwise determined whole genome average nucleotide identity (gANI) values and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values suggested that strain SJY2T represents a new species, for which we propose the name Paenibacillus puerhi sp. nov. with the type strain SJY2T (= CGMCC 1.17156T = KCTC 43242T).


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis/microbiologia , Paenibacillus/classificação , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Benzoquinonas/análise , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Paenibacillus/química , Paenibacillus/genética , Paenibacillus/fisiologia , Peptidoglicano/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
16.
Environ Int ; 147: 106348, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited studies have examined the impact of airborne particulate matter of 2.5 µm or less (PM2.5) on renal function. No study has examined the effect of PM1, which is small enough to reach the blood circulation. We examined whether exposure to PM1 or PM2.5 affected renal function of young Han Chinese. METHOD: We included 2,546,047 young adults who were aged 18 to 45 years, being Han ethnicity and had no chronic disease from a Chinese national birth cohort. Serum creatinine (Scr) of each participant was measured during the baseline examination. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were calculated for each participant using the latest Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation. One-year average exposure to PM1 and PM2.5 prior to the health examination for each participant were estimated using machine learning models with satellite remote sensing information. Generalized additive mixed models were used to estimate associations between PM1 or PM2.5 and renal function after adjusting for detailed individual variables. RESULTS: A 10 µg/m3 increment in PM1 exposure was associated with -0.95% (95%CI: -1.04%, -0.87%) difference of eGFR in females and -0.37% (95%CI: -0.44%, -0.31%) in males. For PM2.5, the corresponding difference of eGFR was -0.99% (95%CI: -1.05%, -0.93%) in females and -0.48% (95%CI: -0.53%, -0.43%) in males, respectively. Associations between eGFR and PM were higher in females compared to males (p < 0.05 for interaction test). Association with PM1 were weaker than that with other fractions included in PM2.5. Participants who worked as farmers, were of normal weight, were not exposed to tobacco smoking, did not drink alcohol, had higher associations between eGFR and PM than their counterparts (p < 0.05 for interaction test). CONCLUSION: Exposure to PM1 and PM2.5 was associated with reduced renal function among Han Chinese at reproductive age.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Adolescente , Adulto , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/análise , China , Creatinina , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Material Particulado/análise , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Adulto Jovem
17.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(4): 1509-1518, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33398399

RESUMO

A Gram-staining positive aerobic bacterium, designated TLY-12T, was isolated from the Pu-erh tea pile-fermentation process in Pu'er city, Yunnan, China. Strain TLY-12T grew at 15-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 6.0-11.0 (optimum, pH 9.0) and 0-9.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3.0%). The major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0, C16:0 and iso-C16:0. The respiratory quinone were menaquinones MK-9 (H2) and MK-9 (H4). The polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol (PG), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylinositol (PI), phosphoglycolipid (PGL), glycolipid (GL) and an unidentified phospholipid (PL). The peptidoglycan contained glutamic acid, aspartic acid, alanine and lysine, with the last named being the diagnostic diamino acid. Whole-cell sugars of the isolate were ribose, galactose and glucose. Phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA gene showed that this strain belonged to the family Promicromonosporaceae, and was most closely related to Isoptericola cucumis DSM 101603 T, which gave sequence similarity of 97.9%. Genome sequencing revealed a genome size of 3.91 Mbp and a G + C content of 75.0%. Average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values were all below the species threshold of described Promicromonosporaceae species. Genome phylogenetic analysis showed that strain TLY-12T formed a separate evolutionary branch, and was parallel to other related genera of Promicromonosporaceae. Based on the phylogenetic, phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genome pairwise data, strain TLY-12T is considered to represent a novel species in a new genus in the family Promicromonosporaceae, for which the name Puerhibacterium puerhi gen. nov, sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TLY-12T (= CGMCC 1.17157T = KCTC 49467T).


Assuntos
Actinomycetales , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinomycetales/classificação , Actinomycetales/genética , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Fermentação , Glicolipídeos/análise , Peptidoglicano/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Especificidade da Espécie
18.
Environ Health Perspect ; 128(12): 127010, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33337244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Potential modification of the association between maternal particulate matter (PM) exposure and preterm delivery (PTD) by folic acid (FA) supplementation has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether FA supplementation could reduce the risk of PTD associated with maternal exposure to PM in ambient air during pregnancy. METHOD: In a cohort study covering 30 of the 31 provinces of mainland China in 2014, 1,229,556 primiparas of Han ethnicity were followed until labor. We collected information on their FA supplementation and pregnancy outcomes and estimated each participant's exposure to PM with diameters of ≤10µm (PM10), 2.5µm (PM2.5), and 1µm (PM1) using satellite remote-sensing based models. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to examine interactions between FA supplementation and PM exposures, after controlling for individual characteristics. RESULTS: Participants who initiated FA ≥3 months prior to pregnancy (38.1%) had a 23% [hazard ratio (HR)=0.77 (95% CI: 0.76, 0.78)] lower risk of PTD than women who did not use preconception FA. Participants with PM concentrations in the highest quartile had a higher risk of PTD [HR=1.29 (95% CI: 1.26, 1.32) for PM1, 1.52 (95% CI: 1.46, 1.58) for PM2.5, and 1.22 (95% CI: 1.17, 1.27) for PM10] than those with exposures in the lowest PM quartiles. Estimated associations with a 10-µg/m3 increase in PM1 and PM2.5 were significantly lower among women who initiated FA ≥3 months prior to pregnancy [HR=1.09 (95% CI: 1.08, 1.10) for both exposures] than among women who did not use preconception FA [HR=1.12 (95% CI: 1.11, 1.13) for both exposures; pinteraction<0.001]. The corresponding association was also significantly lower for a 10-µg/m3 increase in PM10 [HR=1.03 (95% CI: 1.02, 1.03) for FA ≥3 months before pregnancy vs. 1.04 (95% CI: 1.03, 1.04) for no preconception FA; pinteraction<0.001]. CONCLUSION: Our findings require confirmation in other populations, but they suggest that initiating FA supplementation ≥3 months prior to pregnancy may lessen the risk of PTD associated with PM exposure during pregnancy among primiparas of Han ethnicity. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP6386.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Ácido Fólico , Exposição Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Material Particulado/análise , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , China , Feminino , Humanos
19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 18913, 2020 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144613

RESUMO

Zoysia matrella [L.] Merr. is a widely cultivated warm-season turf grass in subtropical and tropical areas. Dwarf varieties of Z. matrella are attractive to growers because they often reduce lawn mowing frequencies. In this study, we describe a dwarf mutant of Z. matrella induced from the 60Co-γ-irradiated calluses. We conducted morphological test and physiological, biochemical and transcriptional analyses to reveal the dwarfing mechanism in the mutant. Phenotypically, the dwarf mutant showed shorter stems, wider leaves, lower canopy height, and a darker green color than the wild type (WT) control under the greenhouse conditions. Physiologically, we found that the phenotypic changes of the dwarf mutant were associated with the physiological responses in catalase, guaiacol peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, soluble protein, lignin, chlorophyll, and electric conductivity. Of the four endogenous hormones measured in leaves, both indole-3-acetic acid and abscisic acid contents were decreased in the mutant, whereas the contents of gibberellin and brassinosteroid showed no difference between the mutant and the WT control. A transcriptomic comparison between the dwarf mutant and the WT leaves revealed 360 differentially-expressed genes (DEGs), including 62 up-regulated and 298 down-regulated unigenes. The major DEGs related to auxin transportation (e.g., PIN-FORMED1) and cell wall development (i.e., CELLULOSE SYNTHASE1) and expansin homologous genes were all down-regulated, indicating their potential contribution to the phenotypic changes observed in the dwarf mutant. Overall, the results provide information to facilitate a better understanding of the dwarfing mechanism in grasses at physiological and transcript levels. In addition, the results suggest that manipulation of auxin biosynthetic pathway genes can be an effective approach for dwarfing breeding of turf grasses.


Assuntos
Redes Reguladoras de Genes/efeitos da radiação , Mutação , Poaceae/fisiologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos da radiação , Fenótipo , Melhoramento Vegetal , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/efeitos da radiação , Poaceae/efeitos da radiação , Estações do Ano
20.
Hortic Res ; 7: 161, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082968

RESUMO

The carotenoid isomerase gene (BoaCRTISO) of Chinese kale was targeted and edited using the CRISPR/Cas9 system in the present study. The results showed a high mutation rate (81.25%), and 13 crtiso mutants were obtained. Only two types of mutations, insertions and replacements, were found. Both the total and individual carotenoid and chlorophyll concentrations of the biallelic and homozygous mutants were reduced, and the total levels declined by 11.89-36.33%. The color of the biallelic and homozygous mutants changed from green to yellow, likely reflecting a reduction in the color-masking effect of chlorophyll on carotenoids. The expression levels of most carotenoid and chlorophyll biosynthesis-related genes, including CRTISO, were notably lower in the mutants than in the WT plants. In addition, the functional differences between members of this gene family were discussed. In summary, these findings indicate that CRISPR/Cas9 is a promising technique for the quality improvement of Chinese kale and other Brassica vegetables.

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