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1.
Cell Transplant ; : 963689719885076, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684763

RESUMO

Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) have the ability to migrate to injury sites and facilitate tissue repair by promoting angiogenesis. However, the therapeutic effect of ADSCs from patients with diabetes is impaired due to oxidative stress. Given that diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders and mitochondria are a major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS), it is possible that mitochondrial ROS plays an important role in the induction of diabetic ADSC (dADSC) dysfunction. ADSCs isolated from diabetic mice were treated with mitoTEMPO, a mitochondrial ROS scavenger, or TEMPO, a universal ROS scavenger, for three passages. The results showed that pretreatment with mitoTEMPO increased the proliferation, multidifferentiation potential, and the migration and proangiogenic capacities of dADSCs to levels similar to those of ADSCs from control mice, whereas pretreatment with TEMPO showed only minor effects. Mechanistically, mitoTEMPO pretreatment enhanced the mitochondrial antioxidant capacity of dADSCs, and knockdown of superoxide dismutase reduced the restored mitochondrial antioxidant capacity and attenuated the proangiogenic effects induced by mitoTEMPO pretreatment. In addition, mitoTEMPO pretreatment improved the survival of dADSCs in diabetic mice with critical limb ischemia, showing protective effects similar to those of control ADSCs. Pretreatment of dADSCs with mitoTEMPO decreased limb injury and improved angiogenesis in diabetic mice with critical limb ischemia. These findings suggested that short-term pretreatment of dADSCs with a mitochondrial ROS scavenger restored their normal functions, which may be an effective strategy for improving the therapeutic effects of ADSC-based therapies in patients with diabetes.

2.
Mar Drugs ; 17(11)2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717355

RESUMO

In this study, the antioxidant components in co-culture of Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Yarrowia lipolytica (3:1 ratio) were confirmed as trypsin-hydrolyzed peptides (EHPs). The EHPs were composed of 836 different peptides with molecular weights ranging from 639 to 3531 Da and were mainly composed of hydrophobic amino acids (48.1%). These peptides showed remarkable protective effects against oxidative stress in HepG2, which may be attributed to their structures. Furthermore, the mRNA and protein levels of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) were significantly lower in the peptide-treated group than in the control group, suggesting that the antioxidant enzyme-coding genes were not activated. The EC50 value of three peptides in the EHPs were in the order of AGYSPIGFVR (0.04 ± 0.002 mg/mL) > VLDELTLAR (0.09 ± 0.001 mg/mL) > LFDPVYLFDQG (0.41 ± 0.03 mg/mL); these results agreed with the prediction of the model (R2 > 0.9, Q2 > 0.5). Thus, EHPs show potential as potent new antioxidant agents.

3.
Theor Appl Genet ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720701

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS), genetic surveys of the whole genome to detect variants associated with a trait in natural populations, are a powerful approach for dissecting complex traits. This genetic mapping approach has been applied in rice over the last 10 years. During the last decade, GWAS was used to identify the loci underlying tens of rice traits, and several important genes were detected in GWAS and further confirmed in follow-up functional experiments. In this review, we present an overview of the whole process in a typical GWAS, including population design, genotyping, phenotyping and analysis methods. Recent advances in rice GWAS are also provided, including several examples of the functional characterization of candidate genes. The possible breakthroughs of rice GWAS in the next decade are discussed with regard to their application in breeding, the consideration of epistatic interactions and in-depth functional annotations of DNA elements and genetic variants throughout the rice genome.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670443

RESUMO

Substitution of A-site and/or X-site ions of ABX3 -type perovskites with organic groups can give rise to hybrid perovskites, many of which display intriguing properties beyond their parent compounds. However, this method cannot be extended effectively to hybrid antiperovskites. Now, the design of hybrid antiperovskites under the guidance of the concept of Goldschmidt's tolerance factor is presented. Spherical anions were chosen for the A and B sites and spherical organic cations for the X site, and seven hybrid antiperovskites were obtained, including (F3 (H2 O)x )(AlF6 )(H2 dabco)3 , ((Co(CN)6 )(H2 O)5 )(MF6 )(H2 dabco)3 (M=Al3+ , Cr3+ , or In3+ ), (Co(CN)6 )(MF6 )(H2 pip)3 (M=Al3+ or Cr3+ ), and (SbI6 )(AlF6 )(H2 dabco)3 . These new structures reveal that all ions at A, B, and X sites of inorganic antiperovskites can be replaced by molecular ions to form hybrid antiperovskites. This work will lead to the synthesis of a large family of hybrid antiperovskites.

5.
Cell Rep ; 29(7): 1848-1861.e6, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722202

RESUMO

Follicular regulatory T (TFR) cells are a specialized suppressive subset that controls the germinal center (GC) response and maintains humoral self-tolerance. The mechanisms that maintain TFR lineage identity and suppressive activity remain largely unknown. Here, we show that expression of Blimp1 by FoxP3+ TFR cells is essential for TFR lineage stability, entry into the GC, and expression of regulatory activity. Deletion of Blimp1 in TFR cells reduced FoxP3 and CTLA-4 expression and increased pro-inflammatory cytokines and spontaneous production of autoantibodies, including elevated IgE. Maintenance of TFR stability reflected Blimp1-dependent repression of the IL-23R-STAT3 axis and activation of the CD25-STAT5 pathway, while silenced IL-23R-STAT3 or increased STAT5 activation rescued the Blimp1-deficient TFR phenotype. Blimp1-dependent control of CXCR5/CCR7 expression also regulated TFR homing into the GC. These findings uncover a Blimp1-dependent TFR checkpoint that enforces suppressive activity and acts as a gatekeeper of GC entry.

6.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724308

RESUMO

Proliferation and metastasis are significantly malignant characteristics of human lung cancer, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Chromobox 4 (CBX4), a member of the Polycomb group (PcG) family of epigenetic regulatory factors, enhances cellular proliferation and promotes cancer cell migration. However, the effect of CBX4 in the progression of lung cancer is not fully understood. We found that CBX4 is highly expressed in lung tumours compared with adjacent normal tissues. Overexpression of CBX4 significantly promotes cell proliferation and migration in human lung cancer cell lines. The knockdown of CBX4 obviously suppresses the cell growth and migration of human lung cancer cells in vitro. Also, the proliferation and metastasis in vivo are blocked by CBX4 knockdown. Furthermore, CBX4 knockdown effectively arrests cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase through suppressing the expression of CDK2 and Cyclin E and decreases the formation of filopodia through suppressing MMP2, MMP9 and CXCR4. Additionally, CBX4 promotes proliferation and metastasis via regulating the expression of BMI-1 which is a significant regulator of proliferation and migration in lung cancer cells. Taken together, these data suggest that CBX4 is not only a novel prognostic marker but also may be a potential therapeutic target in lung cancer.

7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(15): 150402, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702297

RESUMO

Entanglement and the wave function description are two of the core concepts that make quantum mechanics such a unique theory. A method to directly measure the wave function, using weak values, was demonstrated by Lundeen et al. [Nature 474, 188 (2011)]. However, it is not applicable to a scenario of two disjoint systems, where nonlocal entanglement can be a crucial element, since that requires obtaining weak values of nonlocal observables. Here, for the first time, we propose a method to directly measure a nonlocal wave function of a bipartite system, using modular values. The method is experimentally implemented for a photon pair in a hyperentangled state, i.e., entangled both in polarization and momentum degrees of freedom.

8.
BMC Vet Res ; 15(1): 408, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711494

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Akabane disease (AD), a barrier to international trade for endemic areas with far economic impact on the countries, is caused by Akabane virus (AKAV). Commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is a commonly used diagnostic technique for AKAV infection, including the IDEXX and IDVET ELISA kits. However, the comparative evaluation of the IDEXX and IDVET ELISA kits has not been published. The object of this study was to evaluate the test performance of the two commercial ELISA kits in detecting serum anti-AKAV antibodies in cattle. RESULTS: With virus neutralization test (VNT) as the "relative gold standard", the diagnostic sensitivity (DSe) was 80.39% (123/153) and 93.46% (143/153) for the IDEXX and IDVET ELISA kit, when suspect samples were included. The diagnostic specificity (DSp) for the IDEXX and IDVET ELISA kit was 93.48% (502/537) and 82.31% (442/537), respectively. CONCLUSION: Both of the tested ELISA kits could be applied to detect antibodies against AKAV in cattle serum. The IDVET ELISA kit had a higher DSe. The IDEXX ELISA kit possessed the higher DSp. These results have important implications if the kits are used to screen herds or individual cattle in surveillance programs, or at border crossings for import-export inspection and quarantine.

9.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(11): 1181-4, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724354

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of acupuncture and the potential effect mechanism in patients with premature ovarian failure. METHODS: A total of 104 patients with premature ovarian failure were randomized into an acupuncture group and a western medication group, 52 cases in each one. In the western medication group, the conjugated estrogens tablets were prescribed for oral administration, 0.625 mg each time, once a day, consecutively for 21 days. On the 16th day of medication with conjugated estrogens tablets, the oral administration of medroxyprogesterone acetate tablets were supplemented, 10 mg each time, once a day, consecutively for 5 days, and then, these two kinds of western medication were discontinued for 1 week. A total of 3 cycles were required in treatment with 28 days as an artificial cycle. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied. Two groups of acupoints were selected. The first group of acupoints were stimulated before ovulation and the acupoints were Guanyuan (CV 4), Guilai (ST 29), Taichong (LR 3), Taixi (KI 3), Xuehai (SP 10), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Zusanli (ST 36), Shuidao (ST 28), Dahe (KI 12) and Tianshu (ST 25). The second group of acupoints were stimulated after ovulation and the acupoints included Ciliao (BL 32), Shiqizhui (EX-B 8), Ganshu (BL 18), Shenshu (BL 23), Geshu (BL 17) and Pishu (BL 20). The therapeutic effect was observed and compared in the patients between the two groups, as well as the expressions of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and the levels of serum luteinizing hormone (LH), follicule stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol (E2) before and after treatment. RESULTS: The total effective rate was 90.4% (47/52) in the acupuncture group, higher than 67.3% (35/62) in the western medication group (P<0.05). After treatment, the expressions of IFN-γ and TNF-α in the acupuncture group were obviously lower than the western medication group (P<0.05). Except for serum LH after treatment, at the end of treatment and in 30 days and 90 days after treatment, the levels of serum E2 in the acupuncture group were higher obviously than the western medication group and the levels of serum LH and FSH were lower obviously than the western medication group (all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture promotes the regular menstruation, effectively regulates the levels of serum LH, FSH and E2 and improves the pituitary gland and the ovary endocrine in the patients with premature ovarian failure. Such effect may be related to the the improvements in the expressions of IFN-γ and TNF-α, the inhibition of the apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells, the recovery of ovarian function and the enhancement of reserve capacity.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Interferon gama/sangue , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Pontos de Acupuntura , Feminino , Humanos , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/sangue , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/terapia
10.
Molecules ; 24(23)2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766473

RESUMO

Nanoemulsions have attracted significant attention in food fields and can increase the functionality of the bioactive compounds contained within them. In this paper, the preparation methods, including low-energy and high-energy methods, were first reviewed. Second, the physical and chemical destabilization mechanisms of nanoemulsions, such as gravitational separation (creaming or sedimentation), flocculation, coalescence, Ostwald ripening, lipid oxidation and so on, were reviewed. Then, the impact of different stabilizers, including emulsifiers, weighting agents, texture modifiers (thickening agents and gelling agents), ripening inhibitors, antioxidants and chelating agents, on the physicochemical stability of nanoemulsions were discussed. Finally, the applications of nanoemulsions for the delivery of functional ingredients, including bioactive lipids, essential oil, flavor compounds, vitamins, phenolic compounds and carotenoids, were summarized. This review can provide some reference for the selection of preparation methods and stabilizers that will improve performance in nanoemulsion-based products and expand their usage.

11.
Biomater Sci ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31728482

RESUMO

Tumor hypoxia, as a hallmark of most solid tumors, poses a serious impediment to O2-dependent anticancer therapies, such as photodynamic therapy (PDT). Although utilizing nanocarriers to load and transport O2 to tumor tissues has been proved effective, the therapeutic outcomes have been impeded by the low O2 capacity and limited tumor penetration of the nanocarriers. To address these problems, we incorporated perfluorooctyl moieties into nanocarriers to improve the encapsulation of perfluorooctyl bromide via fluorophilic interactions, leading to elevated O2 capacity of the nanocarriers. Meanwhile, to enhance the tumor cell penetrating ability as well as reduce reticuloendothelial system recognition, the nanocarrier was further decorated with a cell-penetrating peptide, which was masked with a protecting group via an acid-labile amide bond for prolonged circulation time and acid-activated cell penetration. The in vitro study demonstrated that, apart from remarkably boosting the photocytoxicity of chlorin 6 (Ce6) at a low dosage, the rationally designed O2@DANPCe6+PFOB could even alleviate the pre-existing tumor hypoxia. After intravenous injection, O2@DANPCe6+PFOB exhibited significant tumor accumulation and retention, and potent tumor growth inhibition compared to traditional PDT. Overall, the O2@DANPCe6+PFOB mediated O2 self-supplemented PDT with tumor acidic microenviornment-activated cell penetration provides a promising strategy in anticancer treatment.

12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17511, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745200

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

13.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 227: 117677, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675656

RESUMO

A new nanoprobe based on yellow-emissive carbon dots (Y-CDs) was developed for sensing full-range intracellular pH values. By using o-phenylenediamine as the raw material, Y-CDs with a quantum yield of 31% were prepared through a one-pot solvothermal carbonization method. The Y-CDs exhibited a distinctive fluorescence emission peak at 570 nm with excitation at 450 nm, showing a very large Stokes shift (120 nm). Notably, the nanoprobe revealed a linear relationship between fluorescence intensity and pH value within the range of pH 4.0 to 8.2, exhibiting the ability of this probe to monitor full-range intracellular pH variations. In addition, the nanosensor possessed excellent photostability and fluorescence reversibility in pH measurements and showed excellent selective detection of the influences of other biological species. The CD-based nanoprobe was successfully used to perform quantitative fluorescence imaging of intracellular pH variation, demonstrating its promise for application in cellular systems.

14.
Environ Pollut ; : 113342, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676093

RESUMO

PM2.5 exposure aggravates type 2 diabetes, in which inflammatory factors play an important role. In this study, we aimed to explore the mechanisms responsible for aggravating diabetes after PM2.5 exposure, and study the roles of inflammatory factors in insulin-resistant type 2 diabetes. Our study indicated that short-time PM2.5 exposure enhances insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic rats and significantly raises inflammatory factors, including IL-6, TNF-α, and MCP-1, in lungs. However, we found that of these inflammatory factors only IL-6 levels are elevated in blood, liver, adipose tissue, and macrophages, but not in skeletal muscle. IL-6 induced activation of the STAT3/SOCS3 pathway in liver, but not other downstream pathways including STAT1, ERK1/2, and PI3K. Both STAT3 inhibition and IL-6 neutralization effectively alleviated the disorders of glucose metabolism after PM2.5 exposure. Taken together, this suggests that the systemic increase in IL-6 may play an important role in the deterioration of the type 2 diabetes via IL-6/STAT3/SOCS3 pathway in liver after short-time exposure to PM2.5. Besides, we unexpectedly found a stronger resistance to the PM2.5 exposure-induced increase in IL-6 in skeleton muscle than those of many other tissues.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 688: 1413-1421, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726569

RESUMO

In 2015, 443 atmospheric PM2.5 samples were collected at five sampling sites in Beijing. The concentrations of PM2.5-bound PAH8 (Chr, BaA, BbF, BkF, B[a]P, DBA, BghiP, and IND) were determined via high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The annual concentration of PM2.5-bound PAH8, lifetime cancer risk, and the increasing value due to heating season factors (heating and meteorological conditions) were analyzed. The results showed that the sum concentration of PM2.5-bound PAH8 during heating season was 72.6 ng/m3 and higher than the non-heating season concentration of 4.77 ng/m3. The annual concentration was 10.6 ng/m3, which increased 5.83 ng/m3 due to heating season factors. The B[a]P annual concentration was 1.67 ng/m3 and higher than the limit of 1 ng/m3, which was 15.2 times that of non-heating season. Diesel vehicles and gasoline vehicles were the primary PAH8 sources during non-heating season, while the mixed sources of diesel vehicles, gasoline vehicles, and combustion were the dominant PAH8 sources during heating season. The most significant health hazard pollutant was B[a]P, which accounted for 72%, 74%, and 69% of the B[a]P equivalent concentration (B[a]Peq) of PAH8 during heating season, non-heating season, and throughout 2015, respectively. The lifetime cancer risk was 2.67 × 10-6, which increased 1.36 × 10-6 due to heating season factors. Therefore, heating season factors nearly doubled the annual concentration of PM2.5-bound ∑PAH8 and lifetime cancer risk. The results indicated that to protect human health, it is very important to control PM2.5-bound ∑PAH8 emissions during heating season, especially B[a]P emissions.

16.
BMC Med ; 17(1): 204, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brain innate immunity is vital for maintaining normal brain functions. Immune homeostatic imbalances play pivotal roles in the pathogenesis of neurological diseases including Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying the regulation of brain innate immunity and their significance in PD pathogenesis are still largely unknown. METHODS: Cre-inducible diphtheria toxin receptor (iDTR) and diphtheria toxin-mediated cell ablation was performed to investigate the impact of neuron-glial antigen 2 (NG2) glia on the brain innate immunity. RNA sequencing analysis was carried out to identify differentially expressed genes in mouse brain with ablated NG2 glia and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated mice were used to evaluate neuroinflammatory response in the presence or absence of NG2 glia. The survival of dopaminergic neurons or glial cell activation was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Co-cultures of NG2 glia and microglia were used to examine the influence of NG2 glia to microglial activation. RESULTS: We show that NG2 glia are required for the maintenance of immune homeostasis in the brain via transforming growth factor-ß2 (TGF-ß2)-TGF-ß type II receptor (TGFBR2)-CX3C chemokine receptor 1 (CX3CR1) signaling, which suppresses the activation of microglia. We demonstrate that mice with ablated NG2 glia display a profound downregulation of the expression of microglia-specific signature genes and remarkable inflammatory response in the brain following exposure to endotoxin lipopolysaccharides. Gain- or loss-of-function studies show that NG2 glia-derived TGF-ß2 and its receptor TGFBR2 in microglia are key regulators of the CX3CR1-modulated immune response. Furthermore, deficiency of NG2 glia contributes to neuroinflammation and nigral dopaminergic neuron loss in MPTP-induced mouse PD model. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that NG2 glia play a critical role in modulation of neuroinflammation and provide a compelling rationale for the development of new therapeutics for neurological disorders.

17.
Opt Lett ; 44(22): 5394-5397, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730066

RESUMO

In this Letter, we propose and demonstrate a method to improve the bandwidth and flatness of chaotic signals using a mutual injection structure with two distributed feedback lasers. The frequency detuning and coupling strength are investigated to produce wideband flat chaos. The chaotic signal that the spectrum covers is greater than 50 GHz, which is approximately 6.42 times when compared with the one generated by the optical feedback, with a flatness of 5.6 dB achieved when the coupling strength is 1.635 and the frequency detuning is -33.5 GHz.

18.
Eur J Pharmacol ; : 172796, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738932

RESUMO

Diabetic patients are sensitive to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury. During diabetes, branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) catabolism is defective and mitochondrial phosphatase 2C (PP2Cm) expression is reduced. This study aims to elucidate the relationship between PP2Cm downregulation and BCAA catabolism defect in diabetic mice against MI/R injury. PP2Cm was significantly downregulated in hearts of diabetic mice. The cardiac function was improved and the myocardial infarct size and apoptosis were decreased in diabetic mice overexpressing PP2Cm after MI/R. In diabetic mice, the cardiac BCAA and its metabolites branched-chain keto-acids (BCKA) levels, and p-BCKDE1α (E1 subunit of BCKA dehydrogenase)/BCKDE1α ratio were increased while the BCKD activity was decreased. Treatment of diabetic mice subjected to MI/R injury with BT2, a BCKD kinase (BDK) inhibitor, alleviated the BCAA catabolism defect, and improved the cardiac function alongside reduced apoptosis. PP2Cm overexpression alleviated the BCAA catabolism defect and MI/R injury. Similarly, MnTBAP ameliorated the oxidative stress and MI/R injury. BCKA treatment of H9C2 cells under simulated ischemia/reperfusion (SI/R) injury significantly decreased cell viability and increased LDH release and apoptosis. These effects were alleviated by BT2 and MnTBAP treatments. These results suggested that PP2Cm directly mediates the BCAA catabolism defect and oxidative stress observed after MI/R in diabetes. Overexpression of PP2Cm alleviates MI/R injury by reducing the catabolism of BCAA and oxidative stress.

19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759999

RESUMO

Biopolymers have shown great application prospects due to their advantages of being biodegradable, renewable, non-toxic, safe and inexpensive. However, the innate hydrophilicity of biopolymers means the materials prepared from them easily swell or disintegrate in aqueous media, limiting their applications. Herein, on the basis of improving the mechanical performance of a sodium alginate/poly(vinyl alcohol) (SA/PVA) film by introducing palygorskite (Pal) nanorods, the hydrophobicity of the obtained SA/PVA/Pal film was improved further by surface coating with methyltrichlorosilane (MTCS) through a vapor deposition-surface polycondensation reaction. MTCS nanofilaments, with a size of approximately 50 nm, were formed on the film surface by the silanization reaction between MTCS and hydroxyls, resulting in an improvement in surface hydrophobicity characterized by a contact angle (111.8°) higher than that of SA/PVA/Pal film (72.7°). Therefore, the obtained films maintained their original shape and strength after soaking for a long time in aqueous solutions containing acid, alkaline, and electrolyte, also in organics, while the uncoated film dissolved quickly and lost its original shape. Moreover, the surface coating also increased the film's tensile strength from 11.43 to 28.69 MPa. This demonstrates a simple, universal and effective way to improve the resistance of biopolymer-derived materials to water and various chemicals.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e18161, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770261

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Epithelioid hemangioma (EH) of bone is an intermediate vascular tumor that can be locally aggressive. The optimum management of multifocal EH of bone is not well delineated. We described our experience treating one patient with multifocal EH of bone in an effort to document the effect of bisphosphonates in bone EH. PATIENT CONCERNS: In this report, a 53-year old male patient presented with back pain which was initially been diagnosed of multiple bone metastatic carcinoma by 18F-FDG PET/CT scan and bone scintigraphy. DIAGNOSIS: CT-guided bone biopsy of ilium indicated that puncture tissue had irregular hyperplasia of thick and thin-walled blood vessels, immunohistochemistry revealed positive staining for CD31 and CD34, negative for CAMTA-1, PCK and EMA, which confirmed the diagnosis of multiple EH. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated with 4 times of intravenous Zometa (zoledronate, 4 mg each time) with average three-month interval. Bone metabolic markers including serum bone specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP) and type I collagen cross-linked C-terminal telopeptide (CTX) levels were closely monitored before and after use of bisphosphonates each time. OUTCOME: BALP and CTX were significantly lowered following intravenous Zometa and the back pain improved with integrated therapy including bone graft fusion internal fixation surgery and vertebroplasty. CONCLUSIONS: EH of multiple bones responded favorably to intravenous Zometa with improvement of bone metabolic markers. After 1 year on follow-up, the patient was doing well with no significant pain. We suggest that bisphosphonates should be considered in the treatment of multifocal osteolytic EH of bone.

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