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1.
Cell Transplant ; : 963689719885076, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684763

RESUMO

Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) have the ability to migrate to injury sites and facilitate tissue repair by promoting angiogenesis. However, the therapeutic effect of ADSCs from patients with diabetes is impaired due to oxidative stress. Given that diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders and mitochondria are a major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS), it is possible that mitochondrial ROS plays an important role in the induction of diabetic ADSC (dADSC) dysfunction. ADSCs isolated from diabetic mice were treated with mitoTEMPO, a mitochondrial ROS scavenger, or TEMPO, a universal ROS scavenger, for three passages. The results showed that pretreatment with mitoTEMPO increased the proliferation, multidifferentiation potential, and the migration and proangiogenic capacities of dADSCs to levels similar to those of ADSCs from control mice, whereas pretreatment with TEMPO showed only minor effects. Mechanistically, mitoTEMPO pretreatment enhanced the mitochondrial antioxidant capacity of dADSCs, and knockdown of superoxide dismutase reduced the restored mitochondrial antioxidant capacity and attenuated the proangiogenic effects induced by mitoTEMPO pretreatment. In addition, mitoTEMPO pretreatment improved the survival of dADSCs in diabetic mice with critical limb ischemia, showing protective effects similar to those of control ADSCs. Pretreatment of dADSCs with mitoTEMPO decreased limb injury and improved angiogenesis in diabetic mice with critical limb ischemia. These findings suggested that short-term pretreatment of dADSCs with a mitochondrial ROS scavenger restored their normal functions, which may be an effective strategy for improving the therapeutic effects of ADSC-based therapies in patients with diabetes.

2.
Environ Pollut ; : 113342, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676093

RESUMO

PM2.5 exposure aggravates type 2 diabetes, in which inflammatory factors play an important role. In this study, we aimed to explore the mechanisms responsible for aggravating diabetes after PM2.5 exposure, and study the roles of inflammatory factors in insulin-resistant type 2 diabetes. Our study indicated that short-time PM2.5 exposure enhances insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic rats and significantly raises inflammatory factors, including IL-6, TNF-α, and MCP-1, in lungs. However, we found that of these inflammatory factors only IL-6 levels are elevated in blood, liver, adipose tissue, and macrophages, but not in skeletal muscle. IL-6 induced activation of the STAT3/SOCS3 pathway in liver, but not other downstream pathways including STAT1, ERK1/2, and PI3K. Both STAT3 inhibition and IL-6 neutralization effectively alleviated the disorders of glucose metabolism after PM2.5 exposure. Taken together, this suggests that the systemic increase in IL-6 may play an important role in the deterioration of the type 2 diabetes via IL-6/STAT3/SOCS3 pathway in liver after short-time exposure to PM2.5. Besides, we unexpectedly found a stronger resistance to the PM2.5 exposure-induced increase in IL-6 in skeleton muscle than those of many other tissues.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670443

RESUMO

Substitution of A-site and/or X-site ions of ABX 3 -type perovskites with organic groups can give rise to hybrid perovskites, many of which display intriguing properties beyond their parent compounds. However, this method cannot be extended effectively to hybrid antiperovskites, which leads to the blank of the research of hybrid antiperovskites. Here, we describe the design of hybrid antiperovskites under the guidance of the concept of Goldschmidt's tolerance factor. We chose spherical anions for the A and B sites and spherical organic cations for the X site, and separated seven hybrid antiperovskites, including (F 3 (H 2 O) x )(AlF 6 )(H 2 dabco) 3 , ((Co(CN) 6 )(H 2 O) 5 )(MF 6 )(H 2 dabco) 3 (M = Al 3+ , Cr 3+ , or In 3+ ), (Co(CN) 6 )(MF 6 )(H 2 pip) 3 (M = Al 3+ or Cr 3+ ), and (SbI 6 )(AlF 6 )(H 2 dabco) 3 . These new structures reveal that all ions at A, B and X sites of inorganic antiperovskites can be replaced by molecular ions to form hybrid antiperovskites. This work will lead to the synthesis of a large family of hybrid antiperovskites, and thus move the chemistry of hybrid antiperovskites forward.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(15): 150402, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702297

RESUMO

Entanglement and the wave function description are two of the core concepts that make quantum mechanics such a unique theory. A method to directly measure the wave function, using weak values, was demonstrated by Lundeen et al. [Nature 474, 188 (2011)]. However, it is not applicable to a scenario of two disjoint systems, where nonlocal entanglement can be a crucial element, since that requires obtaining weak values of nonlocal observables. Here, for the first time, we propose a method to directly measure a nonlocal wave function of a bipartite system, using modular values. The method is experimentally implemented for a photon pair in a hyperentangled state, i.e., entangled both in polarization and momentum degrees of freedom.

5.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 227: 117677, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675656

RESUMO

A new nanoprobe based on yellow-emissive carbon dots (Y-CDs) was developed for sensing full-range intracellular pH values. By using o-phenylenediamine as the raw material, Y-CDs with a quantum yield of 31% were prepared through a one-pot solvothermal carbonization method. The Y-CDs exhibited a distinctive fluorescence emission peak at 570 nm with excitation at 450 nm, showing a very large Stokes shift (120 nm). Notably, the nanoprobe revealed a linear relationship between fluorescence intensity and pH value within the range of pH 4.0 to 8.2, exhibiting the ability of this probe to monitor full-range intracellular pH variations. In addition, the nanosensor possessed excellent photostability and fluorescence reversibility in pH measurements and showed excellent selective detection of the influences of other biological species. The CD-based nanoprobe was successfully used to perform quantitative fluorescence imaging of intracellular pH variation, demonstrating its promise for application in cellular systems.

6.
Int J Epidemiol ; 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous gene-environment interaction studies of breast cancer risk have provided sparse evidence of interactions. Using the largest available dataset to date, we performed a comprehensive assessment of potential effect modification of 205 common susceptibility variants by 13 established breast cancer risk factors, including replication of previously reported interactions. METHODS: Analyses were performed using 28 176 cases and 32 209 controls genotyped with iCOGS array and 44 109 cases and 48 145 controls genotyped using OncoArray from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC). Gene-environment interactions were assessed using unconditional logistic regression and likelihood ratio tests for breast cancer risk overall and by estrogen-receptor (ER) status. Bayesian false discovery probability was used to assess the noteworthiness of the meta-analysed array-specific interactions. RESULTS: Noteworthy evidence of interaction at ≤1% prior probability was observed for three single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-risk factor pairs. SNP rs4442975 was associated with a greater reduction of risk of ER-positive breast cancer [odds ratio (OR)int = 0.85 (0.78-0.93), Pint = 2.8 x 10-4] and overall breast cancer [ORint = 0.85 (0.78-0.92), Pint = 7.4 x 10-5) in current users of estrogen-progesterone therapy compared with non-users. This finding was supported by replication using OncoArray data of the previously reported interaction between rs13387042 (r2 = 0.93 with rs4442975) and current estrogen-progesterone therapy for overall disease (Pint = 0.004). The two other interactions suggested stronger associations between SNP rs6596100 and ER-negative breast cancer with increasing parity and younger age at first birth. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our study does not suggest strong effect modification of common breast cancer susceptibility variants by established risk factors.

7.
Biomed Eng Online ; 18(1): 104, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653259

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The activation of stretch-activated channels (SACs) in cardiac myocytes, which changes the phases of action potential repolarization, is proven to be highly efficient for the conversion of atrial fibrillation. The expression of Na+ current in myofibroblasts (Mfbs) regenerates myocytes' action potentials, suggesting that Mfbs play an active role in triggering cardiac rhythm disturbances. Moreover, the excitation of mechano-gated channels (MGCs) in Mfbs depolarizes their membrane potential and contributes to the increased risk of post-infarct arrhythmia. Although these electrophysiological mechanisms have been largely known, the roles of these currents in cardiac mechanics are still debated. In this study, we aimed to investigate the mechanical influence of these currents via mathematical modeling. A novel mathematical model was developed by integrating models of human atrial myocyte (including the stretch-activated current, Ca2+-force relation, and mechanical behavior of a single segment) and Mfb (including our formulation of Na+ current and mechano-gated channels' current). The effects of the changes in basic cycle length, number of coupled Mfbs and intercellular coupling conductance on myocyte mechanical properties were compared. RESULTS: Our results indicated that these three currents significantly regulated myocyte mechanical parameters. In isosarcometric contraction, these currents increased segment force by 13.8-36.6% and dropped element length by 12.1-31.5%. In isotonic contraction, there are 2.7-5.9% growth and 0.9-24% reduction. Effects of these currents on the extremum of myocyte mechanical parameters become more significant with the increase of basic cycle length, number of coupled Mfbs and intercellular coupling conductance. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrated that stretch-activated current in myocytes and Na+ current and mechano-gated channels' current in Mfbs significantly influenced myocyte mechanical behavior and should be considered in future cardiac mechanical mathematical modeling.

8.
Langmuir ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663753

RESUMO

The development of reversible redox supramolecular gels capable of concurrent luminescence switch and visible color change with facile redox process has always been an intriguing challenge. A redox-responsive supramolecular lanthanide metallogel with strong luminescence and yellow color is obtained via coordination interaction between 3, 5-dinitrosalicylic acid (DNSA) and europium (Eu3+). Upon the addition of TiO2 to the prepared gel (DNSA/Eu3+ gel), the oxidation process of the gel (DNSA/Eu3+/TiO2 gel) can be easily achieved by UV irradiation. The DNSA/Eu3+/TiO2 gel exhibits a concurrent reversible "on-off" luminescence and color change in response to redox stimuli. The DNSA/Eu3+/TiO2 gel shows concurrent quench of luminescence and a color change from yellow to red when the gel was stimulated by the reductant. Upon UV irradiation, the luminescence and color of the reduced DNSA/Eu3+/TiO2 gel restored to its initial state due to the strong oxidation ability of hydroxyl radicals derived from photocatalytic oxidation of TiO2. The results of UV-vis and mass spectroscopy indicated that the reversible redox responsiveness of DNSA/Eu3+/TiO2 gel depends on the reversible oxidation-reduction reactions of DNSA. Moreover, DNSA/Eu3+/TiO2 gel remains stable due to the morphology of the gel had no change during the redox process. Exemplarily, the application of DNSA/Eu3+/TiO2 gels to achieve luminescent patterning was investigated. The results demonstrated that the prepared metallogel has potential application in the fields of writable materials, anti-counterfeiting, sensors, and others.

9.
Org Lett ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663766

RESUMO

When a novel fluorescent probe made of BINOL and coumarin is excited at λ1 = 365 nm in a neutral buffer solution, it shows fluorescence enhancement at 465 nm in the presence of an amino acid with a very small difference between the two enantiomers. When excited at λ2 = 467 nm, it shows highly enantioselective fluorescence enhancement at 534 nm. This allows the determination of both concentration and enantiomeric composition of amino acids.

10.
EBioMedicine ; 48: 203-211, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously conducted a systematic field synopsis of 1059 breast cancer candidate gene studies and investigated 279 genetic variants, 51 of which showed associations. The major limitation of this work was the small sample size, even pooling data from all 1059 studies. Thereafter, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have accumulated data for hundreds of thousands of subjects. It's necessary to re-evaluate these variants in large GWAS datasets. METHODS: Of these 279 variants, data were obtained for 228 from GWAS conducted within the Asian Breast Cancer Consortium (24,206 cases and 24,775 controls) and the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (122,977 cases and 105,974 controls of European ancestry). Meta-analyses were conducted to combine the results from these two datasets. FINDINGS: Of those 228 variants, an association was observed for 12 variants in 10 genes at a Bonferroni-corrected threshold of P < 2·19 × 10-4. The associations for four variants reached P < 5 × 10-8 and have been reported by previous GWAS, including rs6435074 and rs6723097 (CASP8), rs17879961 (CHEK2) and rs2853669 (TERT). The remaining eight variants were rs676387 (HSD17B1), rs762551 (CYP1A2), rs1045485 (CASP8), rs9340799 (ESR1), rs7931342 (CHR11), rs1050450 (GPX1), rs13010627 (CASP10) and rs9344 (CCND1). Further investigating these 10 genes identified associations for two additional variants at P < 5 × 10-8, including rs4793090 (near HSD17B1), and rs9210 (near CYP1A2), which have not been identified by previous GWAS. INTERPRETATION: Though most candidate gene variants were not associated with breast cancer risk, we found 14 variants showing an association. Our findings warrant further functional investigation of these variants. FUND: National Institutes of Health.

11.
Food Funct ; 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616895

RESUMO

In this study, the formation of two toxic reactive aldehydes, 4-hydroxy-2-hexenal (HHE) and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE), was investigated during frying of two different foodstuffs at 180 °C for 7 h in three different vegetable oils. The results showed that HHE and HNE content in the oil after frying was lower than that in the oil fried without foods. It was mainly because of the incorporation of HHE/HNE into the fried foods. In French Fries (FF), the HNE content was higher, whereas it was lower in the fried chicken breast meat (FCBM). The bidirectional model systems consisting of the model oil frying system and the model food frying system were used. The result of the model oil system showed that the content of HNE was higher in FF for the higher hydrophobic property than that in HHE, which would be preferably bounded into the hydrophobic helical structures, whereas the lower content of HNE was observed in FCBM due to its higher reactivity towards the nucleophilic group, namely, the protein in FCBM. Furthermore, the model food frying system including starch and protein extracted from the corresponding foodstuffs verified the results in the model oil system. Finally, the probable migration mechanism of HHE and HNE in different food matrices was proposed for the first time.

12.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612256

RESUMO

Chloride widely exists in the environment and will cause serious interference for arsenic speciation analysis. The determination of four arsenic species including arsenite (As(III)), arsenate (As(V)), monomethylarsenate (MMA), and dimethylarsonate (DMA) in samples containing high concentrations of Cl- was carried out in this work by coupling of liquid chromatography (LC) with hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HG-AFS). The interference of Cl- was successfully eliminated by coupling two anion-exchange chromatographic columns in series and eluting with 35.0 mmol L-1 (NH4)2HPO4 (pH = 6.00). A novel pre-treatment system was subsequently developed to realize on-line column switch and pre-reduction of As(V). The analysis time was shortened by an isocratic elution but programmed flow rate method, and the sensitivity of As(V) was also enhanced by the introduction of pre-reduction using the developed system. The proposed method can resist at least 10 g L-1 Cl- without any pre-treatment operations. Since LC-HG-AFS is low-cost and can be afforded or self-assembled by most labs, the developed method can be adopted as a routine analysis method for arsenic species in chloride-bearing samples, such as urine and seawater. Graphical abstract.

14.
J BUON ; 24(4): 1408-1413, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646784

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to identify the Cancer Stem Cells (CSCs) and to determine their expression profiles in different pathological stages of liver cancer by using multiple markers Methods: In this study, the expression profiles of CD133 and CD13, along with those of stem cell markers Oct4 and SOX2, were analyzed using immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting to clarify the character of CSCs in different stages of liver cancer. RESULTS: CD133 liver cancer cells were injected into mice, and the tissues were processed for histology. The histological data revealed the progression of liver cancer. Immunohistochemical analysis showed the strong expression of CD133 in metastatic cancer. In contrast, the expression of CD13 in both primary and metastatic liver cancer was found to be very strong. Interestingly, the expression levels of Oct4 and SOX2 were found to be upregulated in primary tumors, but, in the metastatic stage, their expression was downregulated. The immunoblot analysis also confirmed the same result. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that tumor-suppressor proteins Oct4 and SOX2 have a prominent expression profile in the primary stage of cancer, but, in the metastatic stage, their expression is downregulated, leading to the failure to prevent metastatic cancer.

15.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(37): 5667-5675, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602166

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) is a syndrome with a high short-term mortality rate, and it is crucial to identify those patients at a high mortality risk clinically. AIM: To investigate the clinical value of soluble mannose receptor (sMR) in predicting the 90-day mortality of HBV-ACLF patients. METHODS: A total of 43 patients were diagnosed with HBV-ACLF between October 2017 and October 2018 at the Second Hospital of Anhui Medical University, and all of them were enrolled in this retrospective study. Their serum sMR levels were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Demographic and clinical data, including gender, age, albumin level, total bilirubin (TBIL) level, international normalized ratio, HBV-DNA level, HBV serological markers, procalcitonin level, interleukin-6 level, and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score were accessed at the time of diagnosis of HBV-ACLF. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent risk factors for mortality. RESULTS: Serum sMR level was significantly increased in HBV-ACLF patients compared with chronic hepatitis B patients and healthy controls (P < 0.01). When compared with surviving patients, it was higher in those patients who succumbed to HBV-ACLF (P < 0.05). Serum sMR level was positively correlated with MELD score (r s = 0.533, P = 0.001), HBV-DNA level (r s = 0.497, P = 0.022), and TBIL level (r s = 0.894, P < 0.001). Serum sMR level (odds ratio = 1.007, 95% confidence interval: 1.004-1.012, P = 0.001) was an independent risk factor for the 90-day mortality in the HBV-ACLF cases. The patients with HBV-ACLF were stratified into two groups in accordance with their serum sMR levels at the baseline (low risk: < 99.84 pg/mL and high risk: ≥ 99.84 pg/mL). The 90-day mortality rates were 27.3% in the low-risk group and 87.5% in the high-risk group. Furthermore, sMR level apparently improved the performance of MELD score for predicting the prognosis of patients with HBV-ACLF. CONCLUSION: Serum sMR level may be a predictor of the prognosis of HBV-ACLF patients.

16.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 418, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623640

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies have shown that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play essential roles in tumor initiation and progression. LncRNAs act as tumor promoters or suppressors by targeting specific genes via epigenetic modifications and competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) mechanisms. In this study, we explored the function and detailed mechanisms of long intergenic nonprotein coding RNA 673 (LINC00673) in breast cancer progression. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to examine the expression of LINC00673 in breast cancer tissues and in adjacent normal tissues. Gain-of-function and loss-of function experiments were conducted to investigate the biological functions of LINC00673 in vitro and in vivo. We also explored the potential role of LINC00673 as a therapeutic target using antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) in vivo. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), dual-luciferase reporter assays, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay, and rescue experiments were performed to uncover the detailed mechanism of LINC00673 in promoting breast cancer progression. RESULTS: In the present study, LINC00673 displayed a trend of remarkably increased expression in breast cancer tissues and was associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients. Importantly, LINC00673 depletion inhibited breast cancer cell proliferation by inhibiting the cell cycle and increasing apoptosis. Furthermore, ASO therapy targeting LINC00673 substantially suppressed breast cancer cell proliferation in vivo. Mechanistically, LINC00673 was found to act as a ceRNA by sponging miR-515-5p to regulate MARK4 expression, thus inhibiting the Hippo signaling pathway. Finally, ChIP assay showed that the transcription factor Yin Yang 1 (YY1) could bind to the LINC00673 promoter and increase its transcription in cis. CONCLUSIONS: YY1-activated LINC00673 may exert an oncogenic function by acting as a sponge for miR-515-5p to upregulate the MARK4 and then inhibit Hippo signaling pathway, and may serve as a potential therapeutic target.

17.
Hepatology ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600834

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a common cause of chronic liver disease. Clinical trials use the NASH Clinical Research Network (CRN) system for semiquantitative histological assessment of disease severity. Interobserver variability may hamper histological assessment, and diagnostic consensus is not always achieved. We evaluate a novel second harmonic generation/two-photon excitation fluorescence (SHG/TPEF) imaging-based tool to provide an automated quantitative assessment of histological features pertinent to NASH. Images were acquired by SHG/TPEF from 219 nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)/NASH liver biopsy samples from seven centers in Asia and Europe. These were used to develop and validate qFIBS, a computational algorithm that quantifies key histological features of NASH. qFIBS was developed based on in silico analysis of selected signature parameters for four cardinal histopathological features, that is, fibrosis (qFibrosis), inflammation (qInflammation), hepatocyte ballooning (qBallooning), and steatosis (qSteatosis), treating each as a continuous rather than categorical variable. Automated qFIBS analysis outputs showed strong correlation with each respective component of the NASH CRN scoring (P < 0.001) (qFibrosis [r = 0.776], qInflammation [r = 0.557], qBallooning [r = 0.533], and qSteatosis [r = 0.802]) and high area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) values (qFibrosis [0.870-0.951; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.787-1.000; P < 0.001], qInflammation [0.820-0.838; 95% CI, 0.726-0.933; P < 0.001 ), qBallooning [0.813-0.844; 95% CI, 0.708-0.957; P < 0.001], and qSteatosis [0.939-0.986; 95% CI, 0.867-1.000; P < 0.001]) and was able to distinguish differing grades/stages of histological disease. Performance of qFIBS was best when assessing degree of steatosis and fibrosis but performed less well when distinguishing severe inflammation and higher ballooning grades. Conclusion: qFIBS is an automated tool that accurately quantifies the critical components of NASH histological assessment. It offers a tool that could potentially aid reproducibility and standardization of liver biopsy assessments required for NASH therapeutic clinical trials.

18.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588784

RESUMO

Phytochemical investigation of 95% ethanol extract of the fruit of Forsythia suspensa resulted in the isolation of two new furofuran lignan glycoside derivatives pinoresinoside A (1) and phillyrigeninside A (2), along with three known ones. Their structures were established based on extensive spectroscopic data analyses and comparison with literature data. Absolute configuration of 1 was determined by CD method. In addition, compounds 1 and 2 were revealed to show in vitro cytotoxicity against human tumor cell lines (SGC-7901, MCF-7 and HepG2), with IC50 values ranging from 16.77 to 37.35 µM.

19.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(46): 16590-16600, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535753

RESUMO

We report a new approach for nanosilicon-graphene hybrids with uniquely stable solid electrolyte interphase. Expanded graphite is gently exfoliated creating "defect-free" graphene that is non-catalytic towards electrolyte decomposition, simultaneously introducing high mass loading (48 wt. %) Si nanoparticles. Silane surface treatment creates epoxy chemical tethers, mechanically binding nano-Si to CMC binder through epoxy ring-opening reaction while stabilizing the Si surface chemistry. Epoxy-tethered silicon pristine-graphene hybrid "E-Si-pG" exhibits state-of-the-art performance in full battery opposing commercial mass loading (12 mg cm-2 ) LiCoO2 (LCO) cathode. At 0.4 C, with areal capacity of 1.62 mAh cm-2 and energy of 437 Wh kg-1 , achieving 1.32 mAh cm-2 , 340.4 Wh kg-1 at 1 C. After 150 cycles, it retains 1.25 mAh cm-2 , 306.5 Wh kg-1 . Sputter-down XPS demonstrates survival of surface C-Si-O-Si groups in E-Si-pG after repeated cycling. The discovered synergy between support defects, chemical-mechanical stabilization of Si surfaces, and SEI-related failure may become key LIB anode design rule.

20.
J Biosci ; 44(4)2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502580

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) represents the most frequently diagnosed cancer in men. Cisplatin, also known as cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (DDP), is a standard chemotherapeutic agent used to treat PCa, and DDP resistance remains one important obstacle in DDP-based chemotherapy. In our research, we found miR-425-5p was down-regulated in PCa and even lower in DDP-resistant PCa determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction; in contrast, GSK3ß mRNA expression was upregulated in PCa and even higher in DDP-resistant PCa. Moreover, there was a modest but significant inverse correlation between the expression of GSK3ß mRNA and miR-425-5p. Functional experiments showed that miR-425-5p mimic inhibited DDP resistance as evidenced by a promoted apoptosis rate (flow cytometry) and suppressed cell viability (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay) and expressions of MDR1 andMRP1 (western blotting) in DU145/DDP and PC3/DDP cells. Luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation identifiedGSK3ß was a potential target of miR-425-5p. The effect ofmiR-425-5pmimic on DDP resistance was partially reversed by pcDNA-GSK3ß. Mechanically, miR-425-5p mimic reduced expression of ß-catenin, cyclin D1 and C-myc, which was further blocked when GSK3ß overexpressed. In vivo experiments, recovery of GSK3ß prevented xenograft tumor growth and DDP resistance in the presence of miR-425-5p mimic. To sum up, miR-425-5p upregulation might sensitize human PCa to DDP by targeting GSK3ß and inactivating the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.

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