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1.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 50(4): 593-599, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311830

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of excess mortality caused by exposure to PM_(2.5) in 5 cities in China. METHODS: Surveillance data on daily concentration of PM_(2.5), meteorology and death-causes were collected from 2015 to 2018 in Harbin, Xi& apos; an, Nanjing, Chengdu and Guangzhou cities. Generalized additive model(GAM) was used to analyze acute exposure-response coefficients of PM_(2.5) exposure on the mortality. Using daily 24-hour average concentration of PM_(2.5) in 2018 to estimate the exposure levels of the population, with PM_(2.5) 24-hour average concentration limit of the ambient air quality standard(GB 3095-2012) for reference concentration(75 µg/m~3), and applicating the health risk assessment model, the excess deaths attribute to PM_(2.5) exposure in the 5 cities in 2018 was estimated. RESULTS: Attribute to PM_(2.5) exposure, the excess cases of death caused by circulatory system diseases in Harbin and Guangzhou were 35 and 92, the excess cases caused by respiratory diseases in Xi& apos; an was 70, the excess cases of caused by non-accident in Nanjing was 69, and the excess cases caused by non-accidental, respiratory and circulatory diseases in Chengdu were 588, 210 and 134 in 2018. CONCLUSION: PM_(2.5) exposure could increase the excess mortality risk, which varies among different cities.

2.
Zygote ; : 1-4, 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313206

RESUMO

The finding of conjoined oocytes is a rare occurrence that accounts for only 0.3% of all human retrieved oocytes. This phenomenon is quite different from that of a traditional single oocyte emanating from one follicle, and may result in dizygotic twins and mosaicism. Given the insufficient evidence on how to approach conjoined oocytes, their fate is variable among different in vitro fertilization (IVF) centres. In this observational report, we propose a new protocol for the use of these conjoined oocytes using intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), laser-cutting technique and next-generation sequencing (NGS). The first case report demonstrates that conjoined oocytes can penetrate their shared zona pellucida (ZP) at Day 6. The second case is that of a 25-year-old female patient who underwent a successful embryo transfer cycle after removal of one oocyte in which a pair of conjoined human oocytes underwent ICSI, laser-cutting separation and NGS testing. The patient achieved pregnancy and gave birth to single healthy female originally derived from conjoined oocytes. This case provided a means through which normal pregnancy may be achieved from conjoined oocytes using laser-cutting separation techniques. The protocol described may be especially beneficial to patients with a limited number of oocytes.

3.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34308907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of many common neurodegenerative diseases without ideal treatment, but early detection and intervention can prevent the disease progression. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify AD-related glycolysis gene for AD diagnosis and further investigation by integrated bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: 122 subjects were recruited from the affiliated hospitals of Ningbo University between 1 October 2015 and 31 December 2016. Their clinical information and methylation levels of 8 glycolysis genes were assessed. Machine learning algorithms were used to establish an AD prediction model. Receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to assess the model. An AD risk factor model was developed by SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) to extract features that had important impacts on AD. Finally, gene expression of AD-related glycolysis genes were validated by AlzData. RESULTS: An AD prediction model was developed using random forest algorithm with the best average ROC_AUC (0.969544). The threshold probability of the model was positive in the range of 0∼0.9875 by DCA. Eight glycolysis genes (GAPDHS, PKLR, PFKFB3, LDHC, DLD, ALDOC, LDHB, HK3) were identified by SHAP. Five of these genes (PFKFB3, DLD, ALDOC, LDHB, LDHC) have significant differences in gene expression between AD and control groups by Alzdata, while three of the genes (HK3, ALDOC, PKLR) are related to the pathogenesis of AD. GAPDHS is involved in the regulatory network of AD risk genes. CONCLUSION: We identified 8 AD-related glycolysis genes (GAPDHS, PFKFB3, LDHC, HK3, ALDOC, LDHB, PKLR, DLD) as promising candidate biomarkers for early diagnosis of AD by integrated bioinformatics analysis. Machine learning has the advantage in identifying genes.

4.
Metallomics ; 13(7)2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232319

RESUMO

Cadmium is a human carcinogen, which induces cancers by mechanisms that are not fully understood. Induction of oxidative stress, apoptosis resistance, genotoxic effects, and epigenetic modulations have been indicated to regulate cadmium-induced carcinogenesis. Circular RNAs are epigenetic regulators that have been recognized to play essential roles in carcinogenesis. Yet, the involvement of circular RNAs in cadmium carcinogenesis remains unclear. In this study, a novel circular RNA, circPUS7, was identified and described for the first time. CircPUS7 was significantly upregulated at week 12, 16, and 20 during the cadmium-induced transformation of human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells. Knockdown of circPUS7 in cadmium-transformed BEAS-2B (T-BEAS-2B) cells significantly attenuated transformation markers including cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and anchorage-independent growth. Moreover, circPUS7 promoted malignant phenotypes by competitively binding with miR-770. Overexpression of miR-770 significantly inhibited the transformation properties of T-BEAS-2B cells while inhibition of miR-770 potently reversed the inhibitory effects of circPUS7 knockdown in proliferation, migration, invasion, and anchorage-independent growth of the T-BEAS-2B cells. Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS), which was increased synchronically with circPUS7 during cadmium-induced cell transformation, was regulated by circPUS7 through sponging miR-770. In summary, our findings demonstrate that circPUS7 promotes cadmium-induced cell transformation through sponging miR-770 to regulate KRAS expression, providing a new perspective with the involvement of circular RNAs to further understand the mechanisms of cadmium carcinogenesis.

5.
Pathol Oncol Res ; 27: 603838, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257562

RESUMO

Golgi protein 73 (GP73) is a type II Golgi transmembrane protein which is overexpressed in several cancers, however, its role in gastric cancer is still unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate if high GP73 expression is associated with pathological tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and prognosis for patients with gastric cancer. A total of 348 patients with gastric cancer, who had undergone surgery between 1999 and 2011 were retrospectively reviewed, GP73 expression was examined in tumor tissues using tissue microarray and the correlations between its expression and pathological response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy as well as patients prognosis were analyzed. We found that GP73 expression was not associated with clinicopathologic features including tumor size, differentiation and TNM stage. High expression of GP73 was associated with less pathological tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and poor survival in gastric cancer, multivariate analysis showed GP73 expression was an independent predictive factor for pathological response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and for prognosis in patients with gastric cancer. Our results suggest that GP73 expression correlates with the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and is a promising biomarker to identify patients with poor prognosis.

6.
Int J Radiat Biol ; : 1-26, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264173

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intestinal damage induced by radiation exposure is a major clinic concern of radiotherapy for patients with abdominal or pelvic tumor. Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) is likely be an ideal radioprotector to protect individuals from radiation exposure. The study aimed to define the role of melatonin in small intestinal damage caused by abdominal irradiation (ABI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 30-day survival rate and pathological histology of the intestines from melatonin-treated mice after 13Gy ABI exposure was firstly detected. Next, quantitative proteomics analysis of the small intestines tissue was examined and GO term and KEGG pathways analysis were performed. RESULTS: Melatonin treatment before ABI exposure significantly increased 30-day survival rate to 83% and ameliorated damage to the intestinal epithelial cells. Melatonin significantly altered the proteins profile of the small intestines following irradiation. For the irradiated mice treated with melatonin in comparision with the irradiated mice, the enriched GO terms were mainly involved in denfense response to other organism (BP, GO: 0098542), response to other organism (BP, GO: 0051707), anion transmembrane transporter activity (MF, GO: 0008509) and secondary active transmembrane transporter activity (MF, GO: 0015291). In the process of antioxidant activity (MF, GO: 0016209), melatonin treatment prior to radiation exhibited high protein levels of Sod3 and Gpx3. The markedly KEGG pathways for melatonin treatment prior to radiation mainly included protein digestion and absorption (ko 04974) and mineral absorption (ko 04978). p53 signaling pathway and DNA repair pathways were enriched in melatonin treated mice. The amount of radiation-induced DNA damage and the cell apoptosis of the small intestines was decreased in the melatonin-treated mice. CONCLUSIONS: Melatonin may protect small intestines from radiation damage through increasing DNA repair and decreasing cell apoptosis of the small intestines. Our data provided perspective for the study of melatonin in mitigating ABI-caused intestinal damage.

8.
Small ; : e2102125, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297478

RESUMO

Single-atom catalysts (SACs) with specific coordination environment are expected to be efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Herein, NiN4 C10 coordination site is constructed through encapsulating Ni2+ into the cavity of ZIF-8 as a self-sacrificing precursor and anchoring it on 3D N-doped carbon frameworks. The NiN4 C10 catalyst shows excellent ORR activity and stability, with a high half-wave potential (0.938 V vs RHE), which is currently the best performances in Ni-based SACs. The remarkable performance with high ORR activity in alkaline solution is attributed to the single-atom nickel active sites with faster electron transport and suitable electronic structure. Moreover, the power density of zinc-air battery assembled by NiN4 C10 as cathode is 47.1% higher than that of the commercial Pt/C. This work not only provides a facile method to prepare extremely active Ni-based SACs, but also studies the intrinsic mechanism toward the oxygen reduction reaction under alkaline condition.

9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4198, 2021 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234117

RESUMO

Our study describes breast cancer risk loci using a cross-ancestry GWAS approach. We first identify variants that are associated with breast cancer at P < 0.05 from African ancestry GWAS meta-analysis (9241 cases and 10193 controls), then meta-analyze with European ancestry GWAS data (122977 cases and 105974 controls) from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium. The approach identifies four loci for overall breast cancer risk [1p13.3, 5q31.1, 15q24 (two independent signals), and 15q26.3] and two loci for estrogen receptor-negative disease (1q41 and 7q11.23) at genome-wide significance. Four of the index single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) lie within introns of genes (KCNK2, C5orf56, SCAMP2, and SIN3A) and the other index SNPs are located close to GSTM4, AMPD2, CASTOR2, and RP11-168G16.2. Here we present risk loci with consistent direction of associations in African and European descendants. The study suggests that replication across multiple ancestry populations can help improve the understanding of breast cancer genetics and identify causal variants.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Íntrons , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
10.
Vascular ; : 17085381211035291, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34301159

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Vascular calcification (VC) is an independent predictor for cardiovascular events and mortality. However, there are currently no effective methods to reverse or prevent it. The present study aimed to determine the ameliorative effect of allicin on VC. METHODS: VC model of rats was induced by high-dose vitamin D3, which was valued by Alizarin Red staining, calcium contents, and alkaline phosphatase in the aorta. Systolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, and pulse wave velocity were measured to determine aortic stiffness. Protein levels were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Allicin treatment rescued aortic VC and stiffness. The increased protein levels of RUNX2 and BMP2, two markers of osteoblastic phenotype of vascular smooth muscle cells, in the calcified aorta were attenuated by allicin, whereas the decreased levels of calponin and SM22α induced by calcification were improved. Allicin treatment significantly attenuated the increased protein levels of GRP78, GRP94, and CHOP, which are key markers of endoplasmic reticulum stress, in the calcified aorta. The activation of PERK/eIF2α/ATF4 cascades was also prevented by allicin. CONCLUSIONS: Allicin could ameliorate aortic VC and stiffness. The ameliorative effect of allicin on VC might be mediated by inhibiting PERK/eIF2α/ATF4 cascades. Our results might provide a new proof for VC treatment.

11.
Front Immunol ; 12: 670637, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234777

RESUMO

T Follicular helper (Tfh) cells, a unique subset of CD4+ T cells, play an essential role in B cell development and the formation of germinal centers (GCs). Tfh differentiation depends on various factors including cytokines, transcription factors and multiple costimulatory molecules. Given that OX40 signaling is critical for costimulating T cell activation and function, its roles in regulating Tfh cells have attracted widespread attention. Recent data have shown that OX40/OX40L signaling can not only promote Tfh cell differentiation and maintain cell survival, but also enhance the helper function of Tfh for B cells. Moreover, upregulated OX40 signaling is related to abnormal Tfh activity that causes autoimmune diseases. This review describes the roles of OX40/OX40L in Tfh biology, including the mechanisms by which OX40 signaling regulates Tfh cell differentiation and functions, and their close relationship with autoimmune diseases.

12.
Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol ; 248: 109125, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217845

RESUMO

The complex combined effects of nanoparticles and environmental pollutants in the aqueous environment will inevitably affect aquatic ecosystem and human life. Bisphenol A (BPA) is listed as a typical kind of endocrine disruptors, there is little research about the joint toxicity of co-exposure of SiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) and BPA. In this study, fluorescent ultra-small SiO2 NPs (US-FMSNs) around 6.3 nm were synthesized and investigated for their combined effects with BPA on zebrafish during the early developmental stages within 4-168 h post fertilization (hpf). The results showed that US-FMSNs could accumulate in the chorion, abdomen and intestine in zebrafish. In addition, the different concentration (0.1, 1, 10 µg/mL) of BPA and US-FMSNs (200 µg/mL) demonstrated strong impact on multiple toxic endpoints at four periods (72, 96, 120, 168 hpf). We found US-FMSNs had no significant toxic effect on zebrafish, while BPA (10 µg/mL) showed a degree of developmental toxicity. Compared with single BPA (10 µg/mL) exposure, combined exposure enhanced the developmental toxicity of zebrafish, including increased mortality, decreased hatching rate and body length, and decreased activity of total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) and increased malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. Our results indicated that US-FMSNs and BPA induced oxidative stress, and the effect of the co-exposure was less than that of single exposure (10 µg/mL). This study hereby provides a basis for the potential ecological and health risks of SiO2 NPs and BPA exposure.

13.
Pharmacol Res ; 170: 105748, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217831

RESUMO

Pyroptosis, a type of programmed cell death (PCD), is characterized by cell swelling with bubbles, and the release of inflammatory cell cytokines. Cucurbitacin B (CuB), extracted from muskmelon pedicel, is a natural bioactive product that could effectively exert anti-tumor activities in lung cancer. However, the exact molecular mechanisms and the direct targets of CuB in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain to be discovered. Here, we firstly found that CuB exerted an anti-tumor effect via pyroptosis in NSCLC cells and NSCLC mice models. Next, based on the molecular docking and cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA), we identified that CuB directly bound to Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) to activate the NLRP3 inflammasome, which further caused the separation of N- and C-terminals of Gasdermin D (GSDMD) to execute pyroptosis. Moreover, CuB enhanced the mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane protein Tom20 accumulation, and cytosolic calcium (Ca2+) release, leading to pyroptosis in NSCLC cells. Silencing of TLR4 inhibited CuB-induced pyroptosis and decreased the level of ROS and Ca2+ in A549 cells. In vivo study showed that CuB treatment suppressed lung tumor growth in mice via pyroptosis without dose-dependent manner, and CuB at 0.75 mg/kg had a better anti-tumor effect compared to the Gefitinib group. Taken together, our findings revealed the mechanisms and targets of CuB triggering pyroptosis in NSCLC, thus supporting the notion of developing CuB as a promising therapeutic agent for NSCLC.

14.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(27): 7572-7580, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196182

RESUMO

As a natural sesquiterpene compound with numerous biological activities, patchoulol has extensive applications in the cosmetic industry and potential usage in pharmaceuticals. Although several patchoulol-producing microbial strains have been constructed, the low productivity still hampers large-scale fermentation. Escherichia coli possesses the ease of genetic manipulation and simple nutritional requirements and does not comprise competing pathways for the farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) precursor, showing its potential for patchoulol biosynthesis. Here, combinatorial strategies were applied to produce patchoulol in E. coli. The initial strain was constructed, and it produced 14 mg/L patchoulol after fermentation optimization. Patchoulol synthase (PTS) was engineered by semirational design, resulting in improved substrate binding affinity and a patchoulol titer of 40.3 mg/L; the patchoulol titer reached 66.2 mg/L after fusing of PTS with FPP synthase. To further improve the patchoulol production, the genome of an efficient chassis strain was engineered by deleting the competitive routes for acetate, lactate, ethanol, and succinate synthesis and cumulatively enhancing the expression of efflux transporters, which improved patchoulol production to 338.6 mg/L. When tested in a bioreactor, the patchoulol titer and productivity were further improved to 970.1 mg/L and 199 mg/L/d, respectively, and were among the highest levels reported using mineral salt medium.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Sesquiterpenos , Escherichia coli/genética , Fermentação , Engenharia Metabólica , Ácido Succínico
15.
Biomaterials ; 276: 121026, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298443

RESUMO

Next generation tissue-engineered skin scaffolds promise to provide sensory restoration through electrical stimulation in addition to effectively rebuilding and repairing skin. The integration of real-time monitoring of the injury motion activities can fundamentally improve the therapeutic efficacy by providing detailed data to guide the clinical practice. Herein, a mechanically-flexible, electroactive, and self-healable hydrogels (MESGel) was engineered for the combinational function of electrically-stimulated accelerated wound healing and motion sensing. MESGel shows outstanding biocompatibility and multifunctional therapeutic properties including flexibility, self-healing characteristics, biodegradability, and bioelectroactivity. Moreover, MESGel shows its potential of being a novel flexible electronic skin sensor to record the injury motion activities. Comprehensive in vitro and in vivo experiments prove that MESGel can facilitate effective electrical stimulation, actively promoting proliferation in Chinese hamster lung epithelial cells and therefore can accelerate favorable epithelial biology during skin wound healing, demonstrating an effective therapeutic strategy for a full-thickness skin defect model and leading to new-type flexible bioelectronics.

16.
Front Immunol ; 12: 648652, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34220806

RESUMO

Purpose: Radiation therapy (RT) induces an immune response, but the relationship of this response with tumor type is not fully understood. This meta-analysis further elucidated this relationship by analyzing the changes in T lymphocyte subsets in different tumors before and after radiotherapy. Methods: We searched English-language electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library to collect studies on the changes in peripheral blood CD3+ T lymphocytes, CD4+ T lymphocytes, and CD8+ T lymphocytes before and after radiotherapy in tumor patients from January 2015 to April 2021. The quality of the included literature was evaluated using the NOS scale provided by the Cochrane Collaboration, and statistical software RevMan 5.4 was used to analyze the included literature. P<0.05 was considered to indicate statistical significance. Results: A total of 19 studies in 16 articles involving 877 tumor patients were included. All data were collected within 1 month before or after radiotherapy. Meta-analysis showed that numbers of CD3+ T lymphocytes (SMD: -0.40; 95% CI [-0.75, -0.04]; p = 0.03) and CD4+ T lymphocytes (SMD: -0.43; 95% CI: [-0.85, -0.02]; p = 0.04) were significantly reduced after radiotherapy compared with before treatment, but there was no statistically significant difference for CD8+ T lymphocytes (SMD: 0.33; 95% CI: [-0.88, 0.74]; p = 0.12). Subgroup analysis showed that peripheral blood T lymphocytes decreased in head and neck cancer. However, in prostate cancer and breast cancer, there was no significant change in peripheral blood. 1 month after radiotherapy, it has a potential proliferation and activation effect on lymphocytes in esophageal cancer and lung cancer. The results showed that CD8+T lymphocytes increased in peripheral blood after SBRT. Radiotherapy alone reduced CD3+ T lymphocyte numbers. Conclusions: Within 1 month of radiotherapy, patients have obvious immunological changes, which can cause apoptosis and reduction of T lymphocytes, and affect the balance of peripheral blood immune cells. The degree of immune response induced by radiotherapy differed between tumor types.

17.
Arab J Sci Eng ; : 1-9, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34221844

RESUMO

Background The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) had become a Public Health Emergency of International Concern with more than 90 million confirmed cases worldwide. Therefore, this study aims to establish a predictive score model of progression to severe type in patients with COVID-19. Methods This is a retrospective cohort study of 151 patients with COVID-19 diagnosed by nucleic acid test or specific serum antibodies from February 13, 2020, to March 14, 2020, hospitalized in a COVID-19-designed hospital in Wuhan, China. Results Of the 151 patients with average age of 63 years, 64 patients were male (42.4%), and 29 patients (19.2%) were classified as severe group. Multivariate analysis showed that age > 65 years (odds ratio [OR] = 9.72, 95%CI: 2.92-32.31, P < 0.001), lymphocyte count ≤ 1.1 × 109/L (OR = 3.42, 95%CI: 1.24-9.41, P = 0.017) and AST > 35 U/L (OR = 3.19, 95%CI: 1.11-9.19, P = 0.032) were independent risk factors for the disease severity. The area under curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curve of the probabilities of the composite continuous variable (age + lymphocyte + AST) is 0.796. Finally, a predictive score model called ALA was established, and its AUC was 0.83 (95%CI: 0.75-0.92). Using a cutoff value of 9.5 points, the positive and negative predictive values were 54.1% (38-70.1%) and 92.1% (87.2-97.1%), respectively. Conclusion The ALA score model can quickly identify severe patients with COVID-19, so as to help clinicians to better choose accurate management strategy.

18.
Chin Med Sci J ; 36(2): 110-119, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231459

RESUMO

Objectives To investigate whether a longer time period of gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriaminepen-taacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced T1 mapping scanning, as well as dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) and multiple hepatobiliary phase magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have the potential to provide information about liver function in rats with liver fibrosis. Methods Forty rats were divided into the carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic injury groups [carbon tetrachloride for four (n=14), eight (n=8), or twelve (n=8) weeks] and the control group (n=10). Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI was performed including T1-mapping (delayed to 50 min), DCE, and multiple hepatobiliary phases. Indocyanine green retention rate at 15 min (ICG-R15) was determined. Parameters such as T1 reduction rate (ΔT1), elimination half-life of ΔT1 (TΔT1 1/2), relative enhancement (RE), time to maximum RE (Tmax), and perfusion parameters were calculated. Pearson correlation analysis was used for correlation analysis between ICG-R15 and each MRI indices. Results ΔT1 at 30, 40, and 50 min showed significant positive correlations with ICG-R15 ( r=0.784, 0.653, 0.757, P=0.007, 0.041, 0.030). TΔT1 1/2 showed a significant positive correlation with ICG-R15 (r=0.685, P=0.029). Tmaxshowed a significant positive correlation with ICG-R15 (r=0.532, P=0.019). Conclusions ΔT1 in the late hepatobiliary phase and T ΔT1 1/2 exhibited moderate correlations with liver function. The longer time period of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced T1 mapping scanning, as well as DCE and multiple hepatobiliary phases, may be of some value for estimating liver function in rats with liver fibrosis.

19.
Food Chem ; 365: 130484, 2021 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237578

RESUMO

The effect and elimination pathway of proline on reducing PhIP and the effect of processing temperature, duration, and proline addition on the PhIP-proline adduct and its precursors were investigated. The results have demonstrated that PhIP and proline could condense to produce the adduct by direct heating, which could also be detected in the PhIP-producing model system and in beef patties with proline. The analytical method was optimized and has a good limit of detection (0.006-73 ng/mL), limit of quantification (0.021-245 ng/mL), recovery rate (about 80%-120%), and precision (below 15%). A high dose of proline (5.0%, w/w) promoted the formation of the adduct and reduction of PhIP; long heating duration and high temperature were not conducive to the formation of the adduct in beef patties. With increased addition of proline, creatine and creatinine decreased in a dose-dependent manner; phenylalanine and glucose did not show the same trend.

20.
J Chromatogr Sci ; 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100538

RESUMO

Scrophulariae Radix is one of the widely used traditional Chinese medicines. In this study, a high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole-linear ion trap mass spectrometry method was established for the simultaneous determination of multiple bioactive constituents including four iridoid glycosides, two phenylpropanoid glycosides, six organic acids, 11 nucleosides and 16 amino acids in Scrophulariae Radix. The validated method was used to analyze nine Scrophulariae Radix samples processed by different processing methods. In addition, Grey relational analysis and DTOPSIS were used to evaluate the samples according to the content of 39 ayalytes. The results showed that the quality of Scrophulariae Radix processed by cutting into slices, sun drying and "sweating" methods were better. All the results proved that the developed method was available and could be used to evaluate the quality of Scrophulariae Radix.

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