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1.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(10): 869, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067422

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are essential contributors to the progression of various human cancers. Long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1106 is a member of lncRNAs family. Until now, the specific role of LINC01106 in CRC remains undefined. The aim the current study was to unveil the functions of LINC01106 and explore its potential molecular mechanism in CRC. Based on the data of online database GEPIA, we determined that LINC01106 was expressed at a high level in colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) tissues compared to normal colon tissues. More importantly, high level of LINC01106 had negative correlation with the overall survival of COAD patients. Additionally, we also determined the low level of LINC01106 in normal colon tissues based on UCSC database. Through qRT-PCR, we identified that LINC01106 was highly expressed in CRC tissues compared to adjacent normal ones. Similarly, we detected the expression of LINC01106 and confirmed that LINC01106 was expressed higher in CRC cells than that in normal cells. Subsequently, LINC01106 was mainly distributed in the cytoplasm. LINC01106 induced the proliferation, migration, and stem-like phenotype of CRC cells. Mechanistically, cytoplasmic LINC01106 positively modulated Gli4 in CRC cells by serving as a miR-449b-5p sponge. Furthermore, nuclear LINC01106 could activate the transcription of Gli1 and Gli2 through recruiting FUS to Gli1 and Gli2 promoters. Mechanism of investigation unveiled that Gli2 was a transcription activator of LINC01106. In conclusion, Gli2-induced upregulation of LINC01106 aggravates CRC progression through upregulating Gli2, Gli2, and Gli4.

2.
Nat Metab ; 2(10): 1135-1148, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067605

RESUMO

Circulating proteins are vital in human health and disease and are frequently used as biomarkers for clinical decision-making or as targets for pharmacological intervention. Here, we map and replicate protein quantitative trait loci (pQTL) for 90 cardiovascular proteins in over 30,000 individuals, resulting in 451 pQTLs for 85 proteins. For each protein, we further perform pathway mapping to obtain trans-pQTL gene and regulatory designations. We substantiate these regulatory findings with orthogonal evidence for trans-pQTLs using mouse knockdown experiments (ABCA1 and TRIB1) and clinical trial results (chemokine receptors CCR2 and CCR5), with consistent regulation. Finally, we evaluate known drug targets, and suggest new target candidates or repositioning opportunities using Mendelian randomization. This identifies 11 proteins with causal evidence of involvement in human disease that have not previously been targeted, including EGF, IL-16, PAPPA, SPON1, F3, ADM, CASP-8, CHI3L1, CXCL16, GDF15 and MMP-12. Taken together, these findings demonstrate the utility of large-scale mapping of the genetics of the proteome and provide a resource for future precision studies of circulating proteins in human health.

3.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(10): 1027-33, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish and promote the non-contact doctor-patient interactive diagnosis and treatment mode based on mobile internet for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with moxibustion therapy, and to observe the feasibility and effectiveness of the model in the pandemic. METHODS: A total of 43 first-line medical staff and 149 suspected and confirmed cases with COVID-19 [18 cases in medical observation period, 17 cases of mild type (cold dampness and stagnation in the lung), 24 cases of ordinary type (cold-dampness accumulated in the lung) and 90 cases in recovery period (qi deficiency of spleen and lung)] were included. A non-contact doctor-patient interactive diagnosis and treatment platform was established for the treatment of COVID-19 with indirect moxibustion plaster based on mobile internet. By the platform, the patients were instructed to use indirect moxibustion plaster in treatment. For the first-line medical staff and patients in the medical observation period, Zusanli (ST 36), Qihai (CV 6) and Zhongwan (CV 12) were selected. For the mild cases (cold dampness and stagnation in the lung) and the cases of ordinary type (cold-dampness accumulated in the lung), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3), Zusanli (ST 36) and Guanyuan (CV 4) were selected. In the recovery period (qi deficiency of spleen and lung), Dazhui (GV 14), Feishu (BL 13), Geshu (BL 17), Zusanli (ST 36) and Kongzui (LU 6) were used. The treatment was given once daily for 40 min each time. The intervention lasted for 10 days. After intervention, the infection rate and the improvement in the symptoms and psychological status of COVID-19 were observed in clinical first-line medical staff and COVID-19 patients. RESULTS: In 10 days of intervention with indirect moxibustion plaster, there was "zero" infection among medical staff. Of 43 first-line physicians and nurses, 33 cases had some physical symptoms and psychological discomforts, mainly as low back pain, poor sleep and anxiety. After treatment, regarding the improvements in the symptoms and psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 78.8% (26/33) and the curative rate was 36.4% (12/33). Regarding the improvements in psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 58.3% (14/24) and the curative rate was 37.5 (9/24). Of 149 patients, 133 cases had the symptoms and psychological discomforts. After treatment, regarding the improvements in the symptoms and psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 81.2% (108/133) and the curative rate was 34.6% (46/133). Regarding the improvements in psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 76.5% (52/68) and the curative rate was 57.4 % (39/68). CONCLUSION: It is feasible to apply the indirect moxibustion plaster technique based on mobile internet to the treatment COVID-19. This mode not only relieves the symptoms such as cough and fatigue, improves psychological state, but also possibly prevents the first-line medical staff from COVID-19.

4.
Hypertension ; : HYPERTENSIONAHA12015582, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040621

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) causes multiple organ dysfunction. Here, we identify a possible mechanism that can drive brain vessel injury after AKI. We induced 30-minute bilateral renal ischemia-reperfusion injury in C57Bl/6 mice and isolated brain microvessels and macrovessels 24 hours or 1 week later to test their responses to vasoconstrictors and found that after AKI brain vessels were sensitized to Ang II (angiotensin II). Upregulation of FGF2 (fibroblast growth factor 2) and FGFBP1 (FGF binding protein 1) expression in both serum and kidney tissue after AKI suggested a potential contribution to the vascular sensitization. Administration of FGF2 and FGFBP1 proteins to isolated healthy brain vessels mimicked the sensitization to Ang II after AKI. Brain vessels in Fgfbp1-/- AKI mice failed to induce Ang II sensitization. Complementary to this, systemic treatment with the clinically used FGF receptor kinase inhibitor BGJ398 (Infigratinib) reversed the AKI-induced brain vascular sensitization to Ang II. All these findings lead to the conclusion that FGFBP1 is especially necessary for AKI-mediated brain vascular sensitization to Ang II and inhibitors of FGFR pathway may be beneficial in preventing AKI-induced brain vessel injury.

5.
Disabil Rehabil ; : 1-10, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043709

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To systematically research the impact of Tai Chi intervention on cognitive rehabilitation of elderly adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both English and Chinese databases were systematically searched from inception to December 2019: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, SinoMed database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Traditional Chinese Medicine clinical evidence database, Wanfang knowledge database, Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-experimental studies that involved older adults with MCI, Tai Chi intervention, and cognitive rehabilitation outcomes were included. The meta-analysis was conducted and reported according to PRISMA guidelines (PROSPERO registration number CRD42019124925). RESULTS: Twelve studies were included. For the meta-analysis, Tai Chi exercise had a large beneficial effect on global cognitive ability and long-term delayed recall ability from the memory domain. In terms of executive ability, Tai Chi intervention had a moderate and significant effect on improving patients' executive function. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest a Tai Chi intervention lasting at least 12 weeks with a frequency of three times per week and 30-60 min per session. Tai Chi shows promise as an alternative mind-body intervention for MCI rehabilitation among elder patients. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION From a global perspective, Tai Chi may be an effective mind-body exercise for cognitive rehabilitation among elder patients with MCI, which is not restricted by the condition of equipment, manpower, and venue. This review suggests an intervention that includes a warm-up, exercise, and cool-down period and lasts at least 12 weeks with a frequency of three times per week and 30-60 min per session. It is also recommended to choose suitable training methods according to local conditions, including one-to-one coaching, group training, VCD, and visual reality technology for some developed regions.

6.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(5): 4298-4306, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000200

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of sufentanil on sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI), and identify the potential molecular mechanisms underlying its effect. In order to achieve this, a rat sepsis model was established. Following treatment with sufentanil, the lung wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio was calculated. Histopathological analysis was performed via hematoxylin and eosin staining. Levels of inflammatory factors in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were determined via ELISA. Furthermore, malondialdehyde (MDA) content and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in tissue homogenates were assessed using commercial kits. Western blot analysis was performed to determine kininogen-1 (KNG1) protein expression. In addition, alveolar epithelial type II cells (AEC II) were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to mimic ALI. The levels of inflammation and oxidative stress were evaluated following overexpression of KNG1. Protein expression levels of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signaling were determined via western blot analysis. The results of the present study demonstrated that sufentanil alleviated histopathological injury and the W/D ratio in lung tissue. Following treatment with sufentanil, levels of inflammatory factors also decreased, accompanied by decreased concentrations of MDA, and increased activities of SOD, CAT and GSH-Px. Notably, KNG1 was decreased in lung tissues following treatment with sufentanil. Furthermore, overexpression of KNG1 attenuated the inhibitory effects of sufentanil on LPS-induced inflammation and oxidative stress in AEC II. Sufentanil markedly downregulated NF-κB expression, while upregulating Nrf2 and HO-1 expression levels, which was reversed following overexpression of KNG1. Taken together, the results of the present study suggested that sufentanil may alleviate inflammation and oxidative stress in sepsis-induced ALI by downregulating KNG1 expression.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009716

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant and preventable cause of mortality and morbidity in thoracic surgery. It usually deep venous thromboembolism (DVT) and pulmonary thromboembolism (PE). We conducted this article to perform a systematic review on prophylaxis of perioperative VTE in patients undergoing thoracic surgery especially lung surgery and esophageal surgery and to identify potential areas for future research. METHODS: The systematic review we conducted included studies of patients undergoing thoracic surgery especially lung surgery and esophageal surgery RESULTS: The study identified 2621 references. Finally, 22 trials with a total of 9072 patients were included. Only six studies declared that they continued a follow-up after the discharge of the patients. (range: 1-3 months); three studies reported on major bleeding events as an outcome measure, and the incidence varied from 0.8% to 1.6%. Total 346 VTEs occurred, and the overall mean risk of VTE was estimated at 3.8% (range: 0.77-27%). CONCLUSIONS: The evidence for using thromboprophylaxis in thoracic surgery is limited and controversial, predominantly based on clinical consensus. Future research is needed to focus on identifying risk of VTE and providing sufficient evidence with high quality to support clinical strategies concerning the prophylaxis for VTE.

8.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 20(1): 323, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Foreign body ingestion is a common clinical problem. The upper esophagus is the most common site of foreign body, accounting for more than 75% of all cases, but cases with a foreign body in the duodenal papilla or common bile duct are rarely reported. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we report a rare case that a patient's abdominal pain resembling gastric ulcer was caused by a 3 cm long fishbone inserted into the duodenal papilla. CONCLUSION: Fishbone inserted into the duodenal papilla can cause an abdominal pain resembling gastric ulcer. Endoscopy is useful for the diagnosis and treatment of fishbone ingestion in clinical.

9.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2999-3002, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018636

RESUMO

Mental stress is a prevalent issue in the modern society and a prominent contributing factor to various physical and psychological diseases. This paper investigates the feasibility of detecting different stress levels using electroencephalography (EEG), and evaluates the effectiveness of various stress-relief methods. EEG data were collected from 25 subjects while they were at rest and under 3 different levels of stress induced by mental arithmetic tasks. Nine features that correlate with stress from existing literature were extracted. Subsequently, discriminative features were selected by Fisher Ratio and used to train a Linear Discriminant Analysis classifier. Results from 10-fold cross-validation yielded averaged intra-subject classification accuracy of 85.6% for stress versus rest, 7l.2% for two levels of stress and rest, and 58.4% for three levels of stress and rest. The results showed high promise of using EEG to detect level of stress, and the features selected showed that Beta brain waves (13-30HZ) and prefrontal relative Gamma power are most discriminative. Five different stress-relief methods were then evaluated, and the method of hugging a pillow was found to be the most effective measure relatively in decreasing the stress level detected using EEG. These results show promise of future research in real-time stress detection and reduction using EEG for stress management and relief.

10.
Elife ; 92020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021199

RESUMO

Neuroregeneration is a dynamic process synergizing the functional outcomes of multiple signaling circuits. Channelrhodopsin-based optogenetics shows the feasibility of stimulating neural repair but does not pin down specific signaling cascades. Here, we utilized optogenetic systems, optoRaf and optoAKT, to delineate the contribution of the ERK and AKT signaling pathways to neuroregeneration in live Drosophila larvae. We showed that optoRaf or optoAKT activation not only enhanced axon regeneration in both regeneration-competent and -incompetent sensory neurons in the peripheral nervous system but also allowed temporal tuning and proper guidance of axon regrowth. Furthermore, optoRaf and optoAKT differ in their signaling kinetics during regeneration, showing a gated versus graded response, respectively. Importantly in the central nervous system, their activation promotes axon regrowth and functional recovery of the thermonociceptive behavior. We conclude that non-neuronal optogenetics target damaged neurons and signaling subcircuits, providing a novel strategy in the intervention of neural damage with improved precision.

11.
Theranostics ; 10(22): 9956-9969, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929327

RESUMO

Rationale: Immune checkpoint (ICP) blockade therapy combined with chemotherapy is a promising treatment strategy for tumors. Chemotherapeutic agents usually function inside the tumor cells, while ICP inhibitors are efficacious out of the tumor cells. It is desirable to effectively co-deliver an ICP inhibitor and a chemotherapy agent to different sites of a tumor. We have designed an effective drug delivery system to accomplish both objectives. Methods: We designed a Pickering nanoemulsion (PNE) using multi-sensitive nanogels with pH-responsive, hydrophilicity-hydrophobicity switch, and redox-responding properties as an oil/water interfacial stabilizer. The D/HY@PNE was employed for specified spatial delivery of the chemotherapy agent doxorubicin (DOX) and ICP inhibitor HY19991 (HY). We systematically investigated the pH-responsive disassembly of PNE, the release of DOX and HY from D/HY@PNE in the tumor microenvironment, enhanced tumor penetration of DOX, immunogenic cell death (ICD), antitumor efficacy, and the immune response induced by D/HY@PNE in vitro and in vivo. Results: D/HY@PNE disassembled to release the ICP inhibitor HY and DOX-loaded nanogels due to the hydrophilicity-hydrophobicity reversal of nanogels in the acidic tumor microenvironment. Quantitative analysis indicates that D/HY@PNE presents enhanced tumor penetration behavior and effectively induces ICD. The strong immune response induced by D/HY@PNE was due to the efficient synergetic combination of chemotherapy and immunotherapy and resulted in enhanced antitumor efficacy in 4T1 tumor-bearing mice. Conclusion: This novel strategy highlights the promising potential of a universal platform to co-deliver different therapeutic or diagnostic reagents with spatial regulation to improve the anti-tumor effect.

12.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To illuminate the prognostic value of ADC (apparent diffusion coefficient), an important quantitative parameter of diffusion-weighted MRI, for multiple myeloma (MM). METHODS: A prospective single-center study which enrolled 114 consecutive newly diagnosed MM patients with baseline whole-body diffusion-weighted MRI (WB DW-MRI) results was conducted. Baseline clinical and MRI parameters were analyzed with univariate and multivariate approaches to identify independent risk factors for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Five different DW-MRI patterns were seen, and the mean ADC value of the representative background bone marrow was 0.4662 ± 0.1939 × 10-3 mm2/s. After a mean follow-up of 50.2 months (range, 15.7-75.8 months), twenty-four patients died and seven were lost to follow-up. The mean ADC value of the representative background bone marrow was showed to be an independent risk factor for both PFS (HR 4.664; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.138-19.121; p = 0.032) and OS (HR 14.130; 95% CI 1.544-129.299; p = 0.019). Normal/salt-and-pepper pattern on DW-MRI was associated with PFS using univariate analysis (p = 0.035) but lost the significance with multivariate Cox regression. CONCLUSIONS: Mean ADC value of the representative background bone marrow predicts both PFS and OS which suggests the role of baseline DW-MRI for risk stratification in newly diagnosed MM patients. KEY POINTS: • Whole-body diffusion-weighted MRI (WB DW-MRI) might be helpful to improve the current risk stratification systems for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM). • Morphological parameters as MRI pattern and focal lesion-associated parameters have been reported to be related to survival. However, important functional parameters such as apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were not incorporated into the current risk stratification model. • This study is one of the first endeavors to delineate the correlation of baseline ADC values and survival in MM patients. It is revealed that the mean ADC value of the representative background bone marrow (L3-S1 and iliac bone) was an independent risk factor for both PFS and OS.

13.
J Mol Cell Cardiol ; 149: 73-81, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32971072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persistent cardiac Ca2+/calmodulin dependent Kinase II (CaMKII) activation plays an essential role in heart failure development. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying CaMKII induced heart failure progression remains incompletely understood. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are critical for transcriptional responses to stress, and contribute to expression of pathological genes causing adverse ventricular remodeling. Class I HDACs, including HDAC1, HDAC2 and HDAC3, promote pathological cardiac hypertrophy, whereas class IIa HDACs suppress cardiac hypertrophy. While it is known that CaMKII deactivates class IIa HDACs to enhance cardiac hypertrophy, the role of CaMKII in regulating class I HDACs during heart failure progression is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: CaMKII increases the deacetylase activity of recombinant HDAC1, HDAC2 and HDAC3 via in vitro phosphorylation assays. Phosphorylation sites on HDAC1 and HDAC3 are identified with mass spectrometry. HDAC1 activity is also increased in cardiac-specific CaMKIIδC transgenic mice (CaMKIIδC-tg). Beyond post-translational modifications, CaMKII induces HDAC1 and HDAC3 expression. HDAC1 and HDAC3 expression are significantly increased in CaMKIIδC-tg mice. Inhibition of CaMKII by overexpression of the inhibitory peptide AC3-I in the heart attenuates the upregulation of HDAC1 after myocardial infarction surgery. Importantly, a potent HDAC1 inhibitor Quisinostat improves downregulated autophagy genes and cardiac dysfunction in CaMKIIδC-tg mice. In addition to Quisinostat, selective class I HDACs inhibitors, Apicidin and Entinostat, HDAC3 specific inhibitor RGFP966, as well as HDAC1 and HDAC3 siRNA prevent CaMKII overexpression induced cardiac myocyte hypertrophy. CONCLUSION: CaMKII activates class I HDACs in heart failure, which may be a central mechanism for heart failure progression. Selective class I HDACs inhibition may be a novel therapeutic avenue to alleviate CaMKII hyperactivity induced cardiac dysfunction.

14.
Int J Epidemiol ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997743

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection, has been spreading globally. We aimed to develop a clinical model to predict the outcome of patients with severe COVID-19 infection early. METHODS: Demographic, clinical and first laboratory findings after admission of 183 patients with severe COVID-19 infection (115 survivors and 68 non-survivors from the Sino-French New City Branch of Tongji Hospital, Wuhan) were used to develop the predictive models. Machine learning approaches were used to select the features and predict the patients' outcomes. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was applied to compare the models' performance. A total of 64 with severe COVID-19 infection from the Optical Valley Branch of Tongji Hospital, Wuhan, were used to externally validate the final predictive model. RESULTS: The baseline characteristics and laboratory tests were significantly different between the survivors and non-survivors. Four variables (age, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein level, lymphocyte count and d-dimer level) were selected by all five models. Given the similar performance among the models, the logistic regression model was selected as the final predictive model because of its simplicity and interpretability. The AUROCs of the external validation sets were 0.881. The sensitivity and specificity were 0.839 and 0.794 for the validation set, when using a probability of death of 50% as the cutoff. Risk score based on the selected variables can be used to assess the mortality risk. The predictive model is available at [https://phenomics.fudan.edu.cn/risk_scores/]. CONCLUSIONS: Age, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein level, lymphocyte count and d-dimer level of COVID-19 patients at admission are informative for the patients' outcomes.

15.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876972

RESUMO

Cancer cell derived exosomes play important roles in cancer progression and modulation of the tumour microenvironment. This study aims to investigate the role of prokineticin receptor 1 (PKR1) positive exosomes on angiogenesis. In the present study, PKR1 expression in tumour samples from ovarian cancer patients were examined firstly. Then, two ovarian cancer cell lines, namely A2780 and HO-8910 cells, were used to isolate and obtain the PKR1 positive exosomes from the serum free medium. The function analysis of PKR1 positive exosomes on angiogenesis was conducted by cell proliferation and migration assay, tube formation analysis, and tumour volume assay. The results showed that PKR1 expression was down regulated in tumour samples of ovarian cancer patients compared with adjacent normal tissues. The intracellular expression of PKR1 could be detected in A2780 and HO-8910 cells. And, the isolated exosomes from the serum free medium were confirmed by transmission electron microscopic and NTA analysis, as well as the co-presence of PKR1 with exosome marker CD63. The function analysis of PKR1 positive exosomes on angiogenesis demonstrated the uptake of PKR1 positive exosomes by human umbilical vein endothelial cells through immunofluorescence staining. The angiogenesis assays in vitro indicated that PKR1 positive exosomes promoted migration and tube formation of HUVECs but not proliferation. The endogenous PKR1 was also verified to help to enhance migration and promote tube formation of vascular endothelial cells, which might involved in the phosphorylation of STAT3. Additionally, The tumour volume from exosomes treated A2780 tumour-bearing mice was significantly increased compared with the control group, accompanied with the induced PKR1 expression and phosphorylation of STAT3 level. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY: This study proved the important role of PKR1 positive exosomes released from ovarian cancer cells on promoting angiogenesis. The data indicated that PKR1 derived from ovarian cancer cells could act as an important tumour associated antigen and biomolecular factor for cellular communication in tumour microenvironment.

16.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 823, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867707

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We describe the clinical benefit of immune checkpoint inhibitors using the European Society for Medical Oncology Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale (ESMO-MCBS) and ASCO VF. METHODS: We identify all approved indications of immune checkpoint inhibitors based on RCTs between January 1, 2011 and September 30, 2018 by FDA. Information including medians and HR of OS (PFS or DFS) and 95% CI, grade 3 or 4 toxicities in each arm, QOL data, survival probability at fixed time were extracted. RESULTS: Immune checkpoint inhibitors were approved for 18 indications based on RCTs. All the indications meet the ESMO-MCBS 1.1 threshold for meaningful benefit. By the updated ASCO-VF, the median Net Health Benefit (NHB) of these agents was 55.3 (range 17.4-77.1). Two third of the indication gained the bonus points for durable survival benefits by updated ASCO VF. When updated results were incorporated in the assessment, clinical benefit of most approved immune checkpoint inhibitors increased with a median improvement of NHB of 10 (range 2-20). CONCLUSIONS: Approved immune checkpoint inhibitors provided clinical meaningful benefit by ESMO-MCBS 1.1, and most of these agents reach the threshold for bonus points for durable survival in the updated ASCO VF.

17.
BMC Med Imaging ; 20(1): 103, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867723

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the pathological features of vestibular aqueduct (VA) related high jugular bulb (HJB) and explore the possible cause-consequence relation between HJB and endolymphatic hydrops (EH), and the potential specific radiological signs for screening causative HJB in Meniere's disease (MD). METHODS: High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and three-dimensional reconstruction (3DRC) were used to detect the anatomical variables associated with VA and jugular bulb (JB) in hydropic and non-hydropic ears. The presence or absence of EH in the inner ear was determined by gadopentetate dimeglumine-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. The presence of different types of HJB, the anatomical variables of the VA and JB and the three types of anatomical relationship between the VA and HJB were compared between the hydropic and non-hydropic ears using the χ2 or Fisher's exact tests. P < 0.05 was considered to indicate a statistically significant difference. RESULTS: JB was classified as: Type 1, no bulb; type 2, below the inferior margin of the posterior semicircular canal (PSCC); type 3, between the inferior margin of the PSCC and the inferior margin of the internal auditory canal (IAC); type 4, above the inferior margin of the IAC. There were no significant differences in the presence of types 1, 2 and 3 JB between two groups. The presence of type 4 JB, average height of the JB and prevalence of the non-visualization of the VA in CT scans showed significant differences between two groups. The morphological pattern between the JB and VA revealing by 3DRC was classified as: Type I, the JB was not in contact with the VA; type II, the JB was in contact with the VA, but the latter was intact without obstruction; type III, the VA was obliterated by HJB encroachment. There were no significant differences in the presence of type I and II between two groups. Type III was identified in 5 hydropic ears but no non-hydropic ears, with a significant difference observed between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The present results showed that JB height and non-visualization of the VA on Pöschl's plane could render patients susceptible to the development of EH. A jugular bulb reaching above the inferior margin of the IAC (type 4 JB) could obstruct VA, resulting in EH in a few isolated patients with MD. VA obliteration revealed by 3DRC, as a specific radiological sign, may have the potential for screening causative HJB in MD.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22213, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some patients undergoing the total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have suboptimal postoperative results, and preoperative anxiety may be one of the reasons for these unsatisfactory results. We perform this randomized control study protocol to determine the effectiveness of nursing intervention, on the basis of motivational interview, to decrease the preoperative anxiety in patients receiving TKA. METHODS: This is a double-blinded, single-center, placebo-controlled and randomized trial, which will be conducted from December 2020 to June 2021. The protocol of this study was approved by the West China Hospital of Sichuan University (W20200803-28). Sixty patients who will undergo TKA are included in our study. Patients are randomly divided into experiential group (with 30 patients) and the control group (with 30 patients). The control group and experimental group receive an informative and separate session via nursing about the operation preparation and operation process. Both the control group and the experimental group are given habitual treatment, but the experimental group need to receive additional motivational interviews. The primary outcomes are the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale. Secondary outcome is postoperative pain, which is assessed by visual analogue scale . RESULTS: Figure 1 will display the comparison of preoperative and postoperative total average anxiety scores in control group and the experimental group. CONCLUSION: Preoperative psychological distress is familiar in our patients. We hypothesized that nursing intervention may be associated with reduced preoperative anxiety in the patients receiving TKA.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/enfermagem , Artroplastia do Joelho/psicologia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/enfermagem , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
20.
FASEB J ; 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985731

RESUMO

All neurodegenerative diseases involve a relatively long period of timeframe from the onset of the disease to complete loss of functions. Extending this timeframe, even at a reduced level of function, would improve the quality of life of patients with these devastating diseases. The retina, as the part of the central nervous system and a frequent site of many distressing neurodegenerative disease, provides an ideal model to investigate the feasibility of extending the functional timeframe through pharmacologic intervention. Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) is a group of blinding diseases. Although the rate of progression and degree of visual loss varies, there is usually a prolonged time before patients totally lose their photoreceptors and vision. It is believed that inhibitory mechanisms are still intact and may become relatively strong after the gradual loss of photoreceptors in RP patients. Therefore, it is possible that light-evoked responses of retinal ganglion cells and visual information processes in retinal circuits could be "unmasked" by blocking these inhibitory mechanisms restoring some level of visual function. Our results indicate that if the inhibition in the inner retina was unmasked in the retina of the rd10 mouse (the well-characterized RP mimicking, clinically relevant mouse model), the light-evoked responses of many retinal ganglion cells can be induced and restore their normal light sensitivity. GABA A receptor plays a major role in this masking inhibition. ERG b-wave and behavioral tests of spatial vision partly recovered after the application of PTX. Hence, removing retinal inhibition unmasks signalling mediated by surviving cones, thereby restoring some degree of visual function. These results may offer a novel strategy to restore the visual function with the surviving cones in RP patients and other gradual and progressive neurodegenerative diseases.

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