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1.
Front Immunol ; 12: 642715, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33815396

RESUMO

A systematic and flexible immunoregulatory network is required to ensure the proper outcome of antiviral immune signaling and maintain homeostasis during viral infection. Tumor necrosis factor-α-induced protein 8-like 2 (TIPE2), a novel immunoregulatory protein, has been extensively studied in inflammatory response, apoptosis, and cancer. However, the function of TIPE2 in antiviral innate immunity is poorly clarified. In this study, we reported that the expression of TIPE2 declined at the early period and then climbed up in macrophages under RNA virus stimulation. Knockout of TIPE2 in the macrophages enhanced the antiviral capacity and facilitated type I interferon (IFN) signaling after RNA viral infection both in vitro and in vivo. Consistently, overexpression of TIPE2 inhibited the production of type I IFNs and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and thus promoted the viral infection. Moreover, TIPE2 restrained the activation of TBK1 and IRF3 in the retinoic acid inducible gene-I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLR) signaling pathway by directly interacting with retinoic acid inducible gene-I (RIG-I). Taken together, our results suggested that TIPE2 suppresses the type I IFN response induced by RNA virus by targeting RIG-I and blocking the activation of downstream signaling. These findings will provide new insights to reveal the immunological function of TIPE2 and may help to develop new strategies for the clinical treatment of RNA viral infections.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125786, 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33873032

RESUMO

Toward the goal of preventing microbial infections in hospitals or other healthcare institutions, here we developed a self-disinfecting textile with synergistic photodynamic/photothermal antibacterial property. Porphyrinic Metal-organic frameworks (PCN-224) and Ag nanoparticles (NPs) were in situ grown on knitted cotton textile (KCT) successively to achieve rapid photodynamic antibacterial and durable bacteriostatic effect. Light-driven singlet oxygen (1O2) generated from PCN-224 and heat generated from Ag could function synergistically to realize rapid bacterial inactivation. Interestingly, 1O2 could promote Ag NPs to be degraded to release more Ag+ ions, achieving durable bacteriostatic effect. Antibacterial assay demonstrated 6 and 4.49 log unit inactivation toward two typical bacterial strains (E. coli and S. aureus) under Xe arc lamp in 30 min, respectively. Even after ten washes, the textile still maintained 6 log unit bacterial inactivation. Mechanism study proved light-driven 1O2 and heat are main factors causing bacterial inactivation, they could work synergistically to enhance bacterial inactivation efficiency. Photothermal study revealed that the textile could reach to 69 â„ƒ under visible light and 79.1 â„ƒ under 780-nm light-laser, which showed much potential in photothermal material applications. Taken together, our findings demonstrated a synergistic self-disinfecting cotton textile that exhibited constructive significance for preventing microbial infections and transmissions.

3.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(4): 370, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824311

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most aggressive subtype with the worst prognosis and the highest metastatic and recurrence potential, which represents 15-20% of all breast cancers in Chinese females, and the 5-year overall survival rate is about 80% in Chinese women. Recently, emerging evidence suggested that aberrant alternative splicing (AS) plays a crucial role in tumorigenesis and progression. AS is generally controlled by AS-associated RNA binding proteins (RBPs). Monocyte chemotactic protein induced protein 1 (MCPIP1), a zinc finger RBP, functions as a tumor suppressor in many cancers. Here, we showed that MCPIP1 was downregulated in 80 TNBC tissues and five TNBC cell lines compared to adjacent paracancerous tissues and one human immortalized breast epithelial cell line, while its high expression levels were associated with increased overall survival in TNBC patients. We demonstrated that MCPIP1 overexpression dramatically suppressed cell cycle progression and proliferation of TNBC cells in vitro and repressed tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, MCPIP1 was first demonstrated to act as a splicing factor to regulate AS in TNBC cells. Furthermore, we demonstrated that MCPIP1 modulated NFIC AS to promote CTF5 synthesis, which acted as a negative regulator in TNBC cells. Subsequently, we showed that CTF5 participated in MCPIP1-mediated antiproliferative effect by transcriptionally repressing cyclin D1 expression, as well as downregulating its downstream signaling targets p-Rb and E2F1. Conclusively, our findings provided novel insights into the anti-oncogenic mechanism of MCPIP1, suggesting that MCPIP1 could serve as an alternative treatment target in TNBC.

4.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 413(12): 3153-3165, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33796932

RESUMO

Comprehensive prognostic risk prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after surgical treatment is particularly important for guiding clinical decision-making and improving postoperative survival. Hence, we aimed to build prognostic models based on serum metabolomics data, and assess the prognostic risk of HCC within 5 years after surgical resection. A pseudotargeted gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based metabolomics method was applied to analyze serum profiling of 78 HCC patients. Important metabolic features with discriminant ability were identified by a novel network-based metabolic feature selection method based on combinational significance index (N-CSI). Subsequently, phenylalanine and galactose were further identified to be relevant with mortality by the Cox regression analysis, while galactose and tyrosine were associated with recurrence and metastasis. Two models to predict risk of mortality (risk score of overall survival, RSOS) and risk of recurrence and metastasis (risk score of disease-free survival, RSDFS) were generated based on two panels of metabolites, respectively, which present favorable ability to predict prognosis of HCC, especially when combined with clinical staging system. The performance of models was further validated in an external independent cohort from 91 HCC patients. This study demonstrated that metabolomics is a powerful tool for risk screening of HCC prognosis.

5.
Parasitol Res ; 120(5): 1627-1636, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792812

RESUMO

Paragonimus proliferus, a lung fluke of the genus Paragonimus, was first reported in Yunnan province, China. P. proliferus can infect Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and cause lung damage, but there is still no direct evidence of human infection. Until now, there has been a lack of studies on P. proliferus parasitism and development in mammalian lung tissue. The aim of this study was to perform transcriptomic profiling of P. proliferus at different developmental stages. SD rats were infected with P. proliferus metacercariae obtained from crabs; worms isolated from the lungs at different time points as well as metacercariae were subjected to whole transcriptome sequencing. Overall, 34,403 transcripts with the total length of 33,223,828 bp, average length of 965 bp, and N50 of 1833 bp were assembled. Comparative analysis indicated that P. proliferus, similar to other Paragonimus spp., expressed genes related to catabolism, whereas P. proliferus-specific transcripts were related to the maintenance of cellular redox homeostasis, sensitivity to bacteria, and immune response. Transcriptional dynamics analysis revealed that genes involved in the regulation of catabolism and apoptosis had stable expression over the P. proliferus life cycle, whereas those involved in development and immune response showed time-dependent changes. High expression of genes associated with immune response corresponded to that of genes regulating the sensitivity to bacteria and immune protection. We constructed a P. proliferus developmental model, including the development of the body, suckers, blood cells, reproductive and tracheal systems, lymph, skin, cartilage, and other tissues and organs, and an immune response model, which mainly involved T cells and macrophages. Our study provides a foundation for further research into the molecular biology and infection mechanism of P. proliferus.

6.
J Appl Biomater Funct Mater ; 19: 22808000211005384, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784188

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is a common oral disease with approximately 41.9% prevalence. Reconstruction of dental hard tissues is the preferred treatment for relieving DH. Here, we applied biomineralization method using oligopeptide simulating cementum protein 1 (CEMP1) to regenerate hard tissues on demineralized dentin. METHODS: The self-assembly and biomineralization property of the oligopeptide were detected by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), circular dichroism spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. Oligopeptide's binding capacity to demineralized dentin was evaluated by SEM and attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR). Remineralization was characterized using SEM, ATR-FTIR, X-ray diffraction, and nanoindentation. Oligopeptide's biocompatibility was evaluated using periodontal ligament cells. RESULTS: Oligopeptides self-assembled into nano-matrix and templated mineral precursor formation within 24 h. Moreover, oligopeptide nano-matrix bound firmly on demineralized dentin and resisted water rinsing. Then, bound nano-matrix served as a template to initiate nucleation and transformation of hydroxyapatite on demineralized dentin. After 96 h, oligopeptide nano-matrix regenerated an enamel-like tissue layer with a thickness of 15.35 µm, and regenerated crystals occluded dentin tubules with a depth of 31.27 µm. Furthermore, the oligopeptide nano-matrix had good biocompatibility when co-cultured with periodontal ligament cells. CONCLUSIONS: This biomimetic oligopeptide simulating CEMP1 effectively induced remineralization and reconstructed hard tissues on demineralized dentin, providing a potential biomaterial for DH treatment.

7.
Front Immunol ; 12: 584414, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33717066

RESUMO

Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most severe manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Our previous studies demonstrated increased serum and renal Interleukin (IL)-22 in LN patients and MRL/lpr mice. This study investigated the role of IL-22 and its mechanism in LN. Here, we found that IL-22 was mainly produced by type 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3) in kidney of MRL/lpr mice. The systemic illness and local renal lesion were significantly alleviated in IL-22 or IL-22R gene knockout (KO) mice (IL-22 KO or IL-22R KO MRL/lpr mice) than control mice (MRL/lpr mice). IL-22 KO or IL-22R KO MRL/lpr mice had significantly slighter infiltration of macrophage in kidney than MRL/lpr mice. Consistently, by RNA-Seq, the expression of (CC motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) and (CXC motif) ligand 10 (CXCL10) was decreased in kidney of KO mice compared with control mice. By immunoblotting, significantly increased levels of STAT3 phosphorylation were found in the kidney of control mice compared to KO mice. In vitro, primary kidney epithelial cells from control mouse stimulated with recombinant IL-22 (rIL-22) expressed higher levels of CCL2, CXCL10, and phosphorylated STAT3. At the same time, when primary kidney epithelial cells were treated with rIL-22, transwell assay demonstrated their supernatant recruited more macrophages. In human kidney epithelial cell line (HK2) cells, when treated with rIL-22, we observed similar results with primary mouse kidney epithelial cells. Moreover, when cells were stimulated with rIL-22 following pre-treatment with STAT3 pathway inhibitor, the expression of CCL2 and CXCL10 were significantly reversed. Our findings demonstrate that IL-22 binding to IL-22R in kidney epithelial cells activated the STAT3 signaling pathway, enhanced the chemokine secretion and then promoted macrophage infiltration to the kidney of MRL/lpr mice, thus aggravated LN in lupus-prone mice. These findings indicate that IL-22 may play a pathogenic role in LN and may provide a promising novel therapeutic target for LN.

8.
J Med Genet ; 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: GGC repeat expansion in NOTCH2NLC has been recently linked to neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID) via unknown disease mechanisms. Herein, we explore the genetic origin of the sporadic cases and toxic RNA gain-of-function mechanism in NIID. METHODS: Multiple genetic screenings were performed on NIID individuals and their available family members. Methylation status of blood DNA, NOTCH2NLC mRNA level from muscle biopsies and RNA foci from skin biopsies of NIID individuals or asymptomatic carriers were evaluated and compared. RESULTS: In two sporadic NIID families, we identified two clinically and pathologically asymptomatic fathers carrying large GGC repeat expansion, above 300 repeats, with offspring repeat numbers of 172 and 148, respectively. Further evaluation revealed that the GGC repeat numbers in the sperm from two asymptomatic fathers were only 63 and 98, respectively. The CpG island in NOTCH2NLC of the asymptomatic carriers was hypermethylated, and accordingly, the NOTCH2NLC mRNA levels were decreased in the asymptomatic fathers. GGC repeat expansion RNA formed RNA foci and sequestered RNA binding proteins into p62 positive intranuclear inclusions in NIID individuals but not in the control or asymptomatic carrier. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested the GGC repeat expansion in NOTCH2NLC might have a disease-causing number ranging from ~41 to ~300 repeats. The contraction of GGC repeat expansion in sperm could be a possible mechanism for the paternal-biased origin in some sporadic or recessive inherited NIID individuals. The toxic RNA gain-of-function mechanism was identified to be involved in the pathogenicity of this disease.

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(11): 12877-12887, 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689267

RESUMO

Islet transplantation is currently a promising treatment for type 1 diabetes mellitus. However, the foreign body reaction and retrieval difficulty often lead to transplantation failure and hinder the clinical application. To address these two challenges, we propose a balanced charged sodium alginate-polyethyleneimine-melanin (SA-PEI-Melanin) threadlike hydrogel with immune shielding and retrievable properties. The attractiveness of this study lies in that the introduction of melanin can stimulate insulin secretion, especially under near-infrared (NIR) irradiation. After demonstrating a good immune-shielding effect, we performed an in vivo transplantation experiment. The results showed that the blood glucose level in the SA-PEI-Melanin group was stably controlled below the diabetic blood glucose criterion, and this blood glucose level could be further adjusted after NIR irradiation. In addition, the evaluation after retrieving the SA-PEI-Melanin hydrogel indicated that the islets still maintained a normal physiological function, further proving its excellent immunological protection. This study provides a new approach for the accurate regulation of blood glucose in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and contributes to developing a promising transplant system to reconcile real-time and precise light-defined insulin secretion regulation.

10.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 549: 1-7, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647537

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Ixazomib is a selective, effective, and reversible inhibitor of 20S proteasome and is approved for the treatment of multiple myeloma. Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 (UBE2K) is involved in the synthesis of K48-linked ubiquitin chains and is the target of certain drugs used for the treatment of tumors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between ixazomib and UBE2K in myeloma cells. METHODS: We used CCK-8 and Annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide kit to detect the effects of ixazomib on survival and apoptosis of RPMI-8226 and U-266 myeloma cell lines. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot were used to detect the change in gene and protein expression levels of myeloma cells treated with ixazomib. Furthermore, the regulatory effects of ixazomib on UBE2K and its downstream targets were investigated following the overexpression of UBE2K. RESULTS: In myeloma cells, ixazomib decreased cell survival and increased apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Ixazomib significantly increased the expression of HIST1H2BD, MNAT1, NEK3, and TARS2, while decreasing the expression of HSPA1B and UBE2K. In addition, ixazomib inhibited the proliferation of myeloma cells, blocked cell cycle, induced cell apoptosis, and increased the production of reactive oxygen species by inhibiting UBE2K expression. Lastly, ixazomib regulates mitosis- and apoptosis-related genes by lowering UBE2K expression. CONCLUSION: In summary, ixazomib leads to impaired proliferation of myeloma cells by targeting UBE2K.

11.
Sci Total Environ ; 770: 144821, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33736402

RESUMO

The light absorption black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC) are two important sources of uncertainties in radiative forcing estimate. Here we investigated the light absorption enhancement (Eabs) of BC due to coated materials at an urban (Beijing) and a rural site (Gucheng) in North China Plain (NCP) in winter 2019 by using a photoacoustic extinctiometer coupled with a thermodenuder. Our results showed that the average (±1σ) Eabs was 1.32 (±0.15) at the rural site, which was slightly higher than that at the urban site (1.24 ± 0.15). The dependence of Eabs on coating materials was found to be relatively limited at both sites. However, Eabs presented considerable increases as a function of relative humidity below 70%. Further analysis showed that Eabs during non-heating period in Beijing was mainly caused by secondary components, while it was dominantly contributed by enhanced primary emissions in heating season at both sites. In particular, aerosol particles mixed with coal combustion emissions had a large impact on Eabs (>1.40), while the fresh traffic emissions and freshly oxidized secondary OA (SOA) had limited Eabs (1.00-1.23). Although highly aged or aqueous-phase processed SOA coated on BC showed the largest Eabs, their contributions to the bulk absorption enhancement were generally small. We also quantified the absorption of BrC and source contributions. The results showed the BrC absorption at the rural site was nearly twice that of urban site, yet absorption Ångström exponents were similar. Multiple linear regression analysis highlighted the major sources of BrC being coal combustion emissions and photochemical SOA at both sites with additional biomass burning at the rural site. Overall, our results demonstrated the relatively limited winter light absorption enhancement of BC in different chemical environments in NCP, which needs be considered in regional climate models to improve BC radiative forcing estimates.

12.
Brain ; 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33693509

RESUMO

Oculopharyngodistal myopathy (OPDM) is an adult-onset neuromuscular disease characterized by progressive ocular, facial, pharyngeal and distal limb muscle involvement. Trinucleotide repeat expansions in LRP12 or GIPC1 were recently reported to be associated with OPDM. However, a significant portion of OPDM patients have unknown genetic causes. In this study long-read whole-genome sequencing and repeat-primed polymerase chain reaction were performed and we identified GGC repeat expansions in the NOTCH2NLC gene in 16.7% (4/24) of a cohort of Chinese OPDM patients, designated as OPDM type 3 (OPDM3). Methylation analysis indicated that methylation levels of the NOTCH2NLC gene were unaltered in OPDM3 patients, but increased significantly in asymptomatic carriers. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis indicated that NOTCH2NLC mRNA levels were increased in muscle but not in blood of OPDM3 patients. Immunofluorescence on OPDM muscle samples and expressing mutant NOTCH2NLC with (GGC)69 repeat expansions in HEK293 cells indicated that mutant NOTCH2NLC-polyGlycine protein might be a major component of intranuclear inclusions, and contribute to toxicity in cultured cells. In addition, two RNA-binding proteins, hnRNP A/B and MBNL1, were both co-localized with p62 in intranuclear inclusions in OPDM muscle samples. These results indicated that a toxic protein gain-of-function mechanism and RNA gain-of-function mechanism may both play a vital role in the pathogenic processes of OPDM3. This study extended the spectrum of NOTCH2NLC repeat expansion related diseases to a predominant myopathy phenotype presenting as OPDM, and provided evidence for possible pathogenesis of these diseases.

13.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 244, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) play crucial and multifaceted roles in post-transcriptional regulation. While RBPs dysregulation is involved in tumorigenesis and progression, little is known about the role of RBPs in bladder cancer (BLCA) prognosis. This study aimed to establish a prognostic model based on the prognosis-related RBPs to predict the survival of BLCA patients. METHODS: We downloaded BLCA RNA sequence data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and identified RBPs differentially expressed between tumour and normal tissues. Then, functional enrichment analysis of these differentially expressed RBPs was conducted. Independent prognosis-associated RBPs were identified by univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses to construct a risk score model. Subsequently, Kaplan-Meier and receiver operating characteristic curves were plotted to assess the performance of this prognostic model. Finally, a nomogram was established followed by the validation of its prognostic value and expression of the hub RBPs. RESULTS: The 385 differentially expressed RBPs were identified included 218 and 167 upregulated and downregulated RBPs, respectively. The eight independent prognosis-associated RBPs (EFTUD2, GEMIN7, OAS1, APOBEC3H, TRIM71, DARS2, YTHDC1, and RBMS3) were then used to construct a prognostic prediction model. An in-depth analysis showed lower overall survival (OS) in patients in the high-risk subgroup compared to that in patients in the low-risk subgroup according to the prognostic model. The area under the curve of the time-dependent receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve were 0.795 and 0.669 for the TCGA training and test datasets, respectively, showing a moderate predictive discrimination of the prognostic model. A nomogram was established, which showed a favourable predictive value for the prognosis of BLCA. CONCLUSIONS: We developed and validated the performance of a prognostic model for BLCA that might facilitate the development of new biomarkers for the prognostic assessment of BLCA patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Nomogramas , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade , Biologia Computacional , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , RNA-Seq , Curva ROC , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
15.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(8): 4542-4552, 2021 04 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33769806

RESUMO

Vertical measurements are essential for the characterization of aerosol and boundary layer interactions; yet, our knowledge of vertical profiles of primary and secondary aerosol species in megacities is limited. Here, we conducted comprehensive vertical measurements of aerosol particle composition on a 325 m meteorological tower with two aerosol chemical speciation monitors in winter in urban Beijing. The simultaneous measurements at ground level, 140, and 240 m illustrated similar aerosol bulk composition at these three heights. However, the vertical ratios varied significantly among different aerosol species. Particularly, the vertical ratios of the aqueous phase and photochemical-related secondary organic aerosol (SOA) (aqOOA/OOA) decreased significantly, accompanied by the increases in ratios of secondary to primary OA, highlighting different chemical properties of OA between ground level and aloft, and the large impacts of vertical changes in meteorology and gaseous precursors on SOA formation. The vertical changes in NO3/SO4 ratios, however, were mostly insignificant, likely due to the low relative humidity and aerosol water content that inhibited nocturnal heterogeneous reactions in the residual layer. Considerable increases in the ratios of 240 m to ground level in the early morning were also observed for most aerosol species, demonstrating impact of residual layer on the air pollution of 2nd day.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Aerossóis/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Pequim , Monitoramento Ambiental , Meteorologia
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(4): 885-893, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645093

RESUMO

To explore the action mechanism of Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction in treating myocardial infarction based on network pharmaco-logy and molecular docking. Active components and corresponding targets of Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction were obtained through Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database(TCMSP), and related targets of myocardial infarction were obtained through GeneCards, DisGeNET, and OMIM databases. Then the intersection targets were obtained by integrating the drug targets and disease targets. The "active component-target" network was constructed by Cytoscape software, and protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was drawn using STRING platform. Protein cluster analysis was carried out using MCODE. GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway analysis were carried out using DAVID database and ClueGO, and molecular docking was carried out using Autodock Vina and Pymol. Finally, 226 active components of Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction were obtained, 257 corresponding targets, 1 340 targets of myocardial infarction, and 109 drug and disease intersection targets were obtained. From GO enrichment analysis, 208 biological process terms, 38 molecular function terms, and 33 cellular component terms were obtained. From KEGG pathway analysis, NF-κB signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway, and other related pathways were obtained. The molecular docking results showed that the main active components(quercetin, kaempferol, ß-sitosterol, luteolin, stigmasterol and baicalein) of Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction in the treatment of myocardial infarction had good binding properties with the core proteins IL6, ALB, VEGFA, TNF, MAPK3 and CASP3. The results suggested that Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction may play a role in the treatment of myocardial infarction by reducing the inflammatory response, reducing oxidative stress, inhibiting cell apoptosis, and promoting angiogenesis.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Infarto do Miocárdio , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética
17.
Adv Biol (Weinh) ; 5(3): e1900311, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729699

RESUMO

Cancer is the outcome of the conflict between the host immune system and cancer cells. The crosstalk between immune cells and tumor cells within the tumor microenvironment (TME) influences tumor progression and metastasis. Many studies have clarified the cellular and molecular events that can induce cancer cells to escape immune surveillance, including those involving tumor-induced myeloid cell-mediated immunosuppression. Emerging evidence indicates that tumor-infiltrating myeloid cells (TIMs) accelerate tumor growth and induce angiogenesis, metastasis, and therapy resistance once converted into potent immunosuppressive cells. Here, how tumor infiltrating myeloid cells participate in tumor immune evasion and the prospects of these cells in cancer immunotherapy are discussed.

18.
ACS Nano ; 15(2): 3387-3401, 2021 02 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576607

RESUMO

Although certain therapeutic agents with immunogenic properties may enhance antitumor immunity, cancer cells can eliminate harmful cytoplasmic entities and escape immunosurveillance by orchestrating autophagy. Here, an ingenious in situ self-assembled nanomicelle dissolving microneedle (DMN) patch was designed for intralesional delivery of immunogenic cell death-inducer (IR780) and autophagy inhibitor (chloroquine, CQ) coencapsulated micelles (C/I-Mil) for efficient antitumor therapy. Upon insertion into skin, the self-assembled C/I-Mil was generated, followed by electrostatic binding of hyaluronic acid, the matrix material of DMNs, accompanied by the dissolution of DMNs. Subsequently, photothermal-mediated size-tunable C/I-Mil could effectively penetrate into deep tumor tissue and be massively internalized via CD44 receptor-mediated endocytosis, precisely ablate tumors with the help of autophagy inhibition, and promote the release of damage-associated molecular patterns. Moreover, CQ could also act as an immune modulator to remodel tumor-associated macrophages toward the M1 phenotype via activating NF-κB. In vivo results showed that the localized photoimmunotherapy in synergy with autophagy inhibition could effectively eliminate primary and distant tumors, followed by a relapse-free survival of more than 40 days via remodeling the tumor immunosuppressive microenvironment. Our work provides a versatile, generalizable framework for employing self-assembled DMN-mediated autophagy inhibition integrated with photoimmunotherapy to sensitize superficial tumors and initiate optimal antitumor immunity.

19.
Eur J Pharm Sci ; 160: 105749, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33581260

RESUMO

Hyperpigmentation is a common skin disorder caused by excessive melanogenesis and uneven dispersion of melanin in the skin. To combine multiple active agents with an efficient transdermal drug delivery system is an effective strategy to combat UV induced skin pigmentation. In this work, Arbutin (Arb) and Vitamin C (Vc) mixed in 1:1 were found to have the greatest inhibition effects on melanogenesis and tyrosinase activity in B16 murine melanoma cells. And hyaluronic acid (HA) based dissolving microneedles array (DMNA) was employed to overcome the skin barriers for improved topical drug delivery, which exhibited the most desirable features, including morphology, mechanical properties, dissolving ability, and the highest drug loading. Furthermore, DMNA could greatly increase the stability of Vc during storage without adding any antioxidant which is an important issue for Vc administration. Pharmacodynamics study showed that DMNA loaded with Arb and Vc could synergistically suppress UVB-induced hyperpigmentation in guinea pig skin. This work provides a promising treatment strategy and solution for skin pigmentation and other skin problems.

20.
Clin Transl Med ; 11(2): e289, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634965

RESUMO

As a pivotal vesicular trafficking protein, Myoferlin (MYOF) has become an attractive target for cancer therapy. However, the roles of MYOF in colorectal cancer invasion remain enigmatic, and MYOF-targeted therapy in this malignancy has not been explored. In the present study, we provided the first functional evidence that MYOF promoted the cell invasion of colorectal cancer. Furthermore, we identified a novel small molecule inhibitor of MYOF (named YQ456) that showed high binding affinity to MYOF (KD  = 37 nM) and excellent anti-invasion capability (IC50  = 110 nM). YQ456 was reported for the first time to interfere with the interactions between MYOF and Ras-associated binding (Rab) proteins at low nanomolar levels. This interference disrupted several vesicle trafficking processes, including lysosomal degradation, exosome secretion, and mitochondrial dynamics. Further, YQ456 exhibited excellent inhibitory effects on the growth and invasiveness of colorectal cancer. As the first attempt, the anticancer efficacy of YQ456 in the patient-derived xenograft (PDX) mouse model indicated that targeting MYOF may serve as a novel and practical therapeutic approach for colorectal cancer.

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