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1.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(3): 844-854, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524540

RESUMO

Plants, grown in the immobile soils, have evolved various strategies in response to environmental stresses, including the "stress memory" and "defense priming" mechanisms. The environmental stresses cannot immediately change the DNA base sequence in plants in the short-term. Therefore, epigenetic inheritance is a key mechanism for stress memory and defense priming. In particular, histone modification is considered to be the most important mechanism, which offers the possibility of stress memory. We summarized research advances in plant histone modifications involved in stress memory and defense priming under biotic and abiotic stresses, and proposed pro-blems in the field and the focus and directions in the future research. In-depth understanding of the relationship between histone modification and environmental stresses would facilitate the quick adaptation of plants to harsh environments, and provide theoretical and technical guidance for plant phenotype shaping, organ regeneration, and crop genetic improvement.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Código das Histonas , Epigênese Genética , Histonas/genética , Plantas/genética , Estresse Fisiológico
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538347

RESUMO

Barium (Ba) is ubiquitous in the environment, and humans are primarily exposed to it through ingestion of drinking water. Previous studies focused on the exposure to lead, cadmium, and arsenic, but have not focused on exposure to Ba. Recent studies found a significant association between Ba exposure and elevated blood pressure in pregnant women and adults. However, there are no studies regarding the effect of Ba exposure on blood pressure in children and adolescents, and the potential biological mechanisms remain unclear. We evaluated the associations between urinary Ba and systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and pulse pressure (PP) among 8- to 17-year-old participants (n = 3707) of the 2003-2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Furthermore, the potential roles of inflammation in these associations were explored. Weighted linear regression was used to analyze the association between urinary Ba and blood pressure, and mediation analyses were used to estimate the potential role of white blood cell count (WBC) in these associations. Quantile g-computation models were used to explore the effect of co-exposure to Ba and other metals on blood pressure. After adjusting for covariates, a two-fold increase in urinary Ba concentration was associated with a 0.41 (95% CI 0.12, 0.70) mmHg increase in SBP, a 1.04 (95% CI 0.55, 1.53) mmHg increase in PP, but a -0.63 (95% CI -1.04, -0.22) mmHg decrease in DBP. WBC significantly mediated 6% of the association between urinary Ba and SBP. Quantile g-computation models suggested that urinary Ba was the main contributor to the elevation of SBP and PP in the urinary metal mixture. Our findings revealed that exposure to Ba was associated with elevated SBP and PP among children and adolescents. Inflammation may play an important role in the associations of Ba exposure with SBP.

3.
Depress Anxiety ; 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The underlying mechanism between sensory impairments (SIs) and depressive symptoms among Chinese older adults is not well understood. This study aims to explore the mediating role of functional limitation on the longitudinal relationship between SIs and depressive symptoms among older adults in China. METHODS: A total of 4130 older adults who participated in the 3-year follow-up China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) were included in the analysis. The hierarchical multiple linear regression model and nonparametric bootstrapping method were employed to explore the relationship between SIs and depressive symptoms, and the mediating role of functional limitation in this link. RESULTS: The prevalence of self-reported hearing impairment (HI) only, vision impairment (VI) only, and dual sensory impairment (DSI) at baseline were 5.7%, 22.2%, and 58.6%, respectively. After adjusting for controlling variables, older adults with DSI had significantly higher levels of depressive symptoms compared with those without SIs at baseline (ß = .07, p = .005). The magnitude of mediation effect from DSI to depressive symptoms via functional limitation was a*b = 0.060 (BCa 95% confidence interval: 0.031-0.094). CONCLUSIONS: Functional limitation partially mediated the relationship between DSI and depressive symptoms among Chinese older adults. Interventions of DSI and functional limitation should be included in depressive symptoms prevention among older adults in China.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574586

RESUMO

Background: This study investigated the effect of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) on diabetes in a mouse model. Methods: Autophagy in Akita mice and streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetic C57BL/6 mice was determined by Western blots and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Western blots, IHC, hematoxylin and eosin staining, Masson staining, periodic acid-Schiff staining, and picrosirius red staining were conducted to detect whether autophagy and renal function improved in Akita mice and STZ-induced diabetic C57BL/6 mice after treatment of SCFAs. Western blots, IHC, and chromatin immunoprecipitation were performed to determine whether SCFAs affected diabetic mice via the histone deacetylase (HDAC2)/unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase 1 (ULK1) axis. Diabetic mice with kidney-specific knockout of HDAC2 were constructed, and IHC, Masson staining, and Western blots were carried out to detect whether the deletion of endogenous HDAC2 contributed to the improvement of autophagy and renal fibrosis in diabetic mice. Results: Reduced autophagy and severe fibrosis were observed in Akita mice and STZ-induced diabetic C57BL/6 mice. Increased autophagy and reduced renal cell fibrosis were found in SCFA-treated Akita diabetic mice and STZ-induced diabetic C57BL/6 mice. Diabetic mice treated with SCFAs had lower HDAC2 expression and more enriched binding of ULK1 promoter sequences to H3K27Ac. Endogenous knockout of HDAC2 caused enhanced autophagy and decreased renal fibrosis in diabetic mice treated with SCFAs. Conclusion: SCFAs enhanced autophagy of renal tubular cells and attenuated renal fibrosis in diabetic mice through the HDAC2/ULK1 axis.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35564895

RESUMO

Extant research studies have documented that teen victims of traditional bullying are more likely to be perpetrators of Internet harassment. Teasing is a typical form of verbal bullying, but, unfortunately, its link with Internet harassment perpetration has rarely been investigated to date. Therefore, this study constructed two moderated mediation models to explore the relation between weight-related/competency-related teasing (the two main types of teasing) and Internet harassment, and whether these associations are mediated by envy and moderated by the Zhong-Yong thinking style. A total of 1811 Chinese adolescents (Mage = 13.22 years, SD = 0.97) were investigated to examine the two models. The results clarified that: (1) weight-related/competency-related teasing was positively predictive of adolescent Internet harassment; (2) envy acted a partially mediating role in the associations between weight-related/competency-related teasing and Internet harassment; (3) the Zhong-Yong thinking style not only moderated the link between weight-related/competency-related teasing and envy, with the effect being more profound for a high-level Zhong-Yong thinking style possessed by adolescents, but also moderated the direct link between competency-related teasing and Internet harassment, with the relation being more potent when the level of Zhong-Yong thinking style was low. Nevertheless, the direct link between weight-related teasing and Internet harassment was not moderated by the Zhong-Yong thinking style. These findings are important to comprehend the psychological mechanisms linking weight-related/competency-related teasing to Internet harassment, and provide some enlightenment for preventing and intervening in adolescent Internet harassment perpetration.

6.
Environ Res ; 212(Pt C): 113381, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523275

RESUMO

Previous studies on gestational particulate matter (PM) exposure and preterm birth (PTB) showed inconsistent results, and no study systematically examined the short-term effect of PM exposure on PTB subtypes. To investigate both long- and short-term effects of the evidence to date in general population, we searched for epidemiological studies on PM exposure and PTB that published in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library up to March 31, 2022. The protocol for this review was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42021265202). Heterogeneity was assessed by Cochran's Q test and I2 statistic. Publication bias was evaluated using funnel plots and Egger's tests. Subgroup analysis, meta-regression and sensitivity analysis were performed. Of 16,801 records, 84 eligible studies were finally included. The meta-analysis of long-term effect showed that per 10 µg/m3 increase in PM2.5 and PM10 during entire pregnancy were associated with PTB, the pooled odds ratios (ORs) were 1.084 (95% CI: 1.055-1.113) and 1.034 (95% CI: 1.018-1.049). Positive associations were found between PM2.5 in second trimester and PTB subtypes. For the short-term exposure, we observed that PTB was positively associated with a 10 µg/m3 increment in PM2.5 on lag day 2 and 3, the pooled ORs and 95% CIs were 1.003 (1.001-1.004) and 1.003 (1.001-1.005), with I2 of 65.30% and 76.60%. PM10 exposure on ave day 1 increased the risk of PTB, the pooled OR was 1.001 (95% CI: 1.000, 1.001). We also found that PM10 exposure in 2 weeks prior to birth increased PTB risk. Our results support the hypothesis of both long- and short-term PM2.5 exposure increase the risk of PTB. Further well-designed longitudinal studies and investigations into potential biological mechanisms are warranted.

7.
Front Genet ; 13: 874673, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35547247

RESUMO

Background: The role of long-chain noncoding RNA (lncRNA) in genomic instability has been demonstrated to be increasingly importance. Therefore, in this study, lncRNAs associated with genomic instability were identified and kidney renal papillary cell carcinoma (KIRP)-associated predictive features were analysed to classify high-risk patients and improve individualised treatment. Methods: The training (n = 142) and test (n = 144) sets were created using raw RNA-seq and patient's clinical data of KIRP obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA).There are 27 long-chain noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) that are connected with genomic instability, these lncRNAs were identified using the 'limma' R package based on the numbers of somatic mutations and lncRNA expression profiles acquired from KIRP TCGA cohort. Furthermore, Cox regression analysis was carried out to develop a genome instability-derived lncRNA-based gene signature (GILncSig), whose prognostic value was confirmed in the test cohort as well as across the entire KIRP TCGA dataset. Results: A GILncSig derived from three lncRNAs (BOLA3-AS1, AC004870, and LINC00839), which were related with poor KIRP survival, was identified, which was split up into high- and low-risk groups. Additionally, the GILncSig was found to be an independent prognostic predictive index in KIRP using univariate and multivariate Cox analysis. Furthermore, the prognostic significance and characteristics of GilncSig were confirmed in the training test and TCGA sets. GilncSig also showed better predictive performance than other prognostic lncRNA features. Conclusion: The function of lncRNAs in genomic instability and the genetic diversity of KIRP were elucidated in this work. Moreover, three lncRNAs were screened for prediction of the outcome of KIRP survival and novel insights into identifying cancer biomarkers related to genomic instability were discussed.

8.
Int Orthop ; 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35570205

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is the most commonly used surgical technique for talar neck fracture, but there are high risks for complications and poor functional outcomes. In this study, we reported the closed reduction and percutaneous internal fixation (CRPIF) technique of the bilateral approach of the Achilles tendon for simple displaced talar neck fracture, in comparison with ORIF. METHODS: Data of 15 patients in the CRPIF group and 22 in the ORIF group were included. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score, 12-item Short-Form Survey (SF-12) score, range of motion (ROM), complications, and radiographic results were recorded and compared. RESULTS: The mean follow-up in the CRPIF group was 33.9 months. Complications included two cases of avascular necrosis (AVN) and two cases of osteoarthritis. All patients achieved bony union and recovered their pre-operative mobility. The mean follow-up in the ORIF group was 39 months. Complications included two cases of bony nonunion, nine AVN, and seven cases of osteoarthritis. Moreover, the mobility of the ORIF group was significantly lower than the CRPIF group post-operatively. The AOFAS score, VAS score, and SF-12 physical component score (PCS) for the CRPIF group were better improved than those for the ORIF group (ALL, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The CRPIF technique of the bilateral approach of the Achilles tendon was an effective method for the treatment of simple displaced talar neck fractures. Compared with the ORIF, the limited blood supply of the talus was protected, provide better functional outcomes and biomechanical fixation, and lower incidence of resurgery and complication in the CRPIF.

10.
Pharmazie ; 77(3): 125-130, 2022 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35459442

RESUMO

Mental health disorders such as stress, anxiety, depression and insomnia caused by COVID-19 have attracted worldwide attention. Traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) have been proven to be a safe and effective option for treating mental health disorders. Recently, after assessing its efficacy and safety fully, the Netherlands Medicines Evaluation Board approved XiaoYao Tablets as a traditional herbal medicinal product (THMP), indicated for an alternative self-care for patients in Europe to relieve the symptoms of mental stress and exhaustion. Despite the fact that TCMs have gradually become one of the therapeutic choices worldwide, to-date, only a few TCMs have been successfully registered in the European Union (EU) as THMPs, and XiaoYao Tablets is the first successfully registered combination TCM from China. In this article, traditional use efficacy and clinical safety of XiaoYao Tablets in the treatment of mental health disorders were summarized and analyzed from the perspective of traditional use registration (TUR). Additionally a safety evolution pathway of combination TCMs was established. This article will not only seek to enhance our understanding about traditional use efficacy and clinical safety of XiaoYao Tablets, but also summarize the experience of XiaoYao Tablets as the first successfully registered combination TCM from China, which could serve as role model for the others to overcome registration difficulties in the EU.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Comprimidos
11.
Front Psychol ; 13: 808847, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35418922

RESUMO

During the preschool years, the socio-emotional responses children receive from interactions with teachers are incorporated into their own social behaviors. This is one of the key ways in which children acquire social and emotional skills. Based on field studies, it can be found that this learning process is not simple imitation of children, but of a more complex context of group interaction. To further clarify the impact of kindergarten teachers' emotion on the sociometric status and behavior of 3-5 year-old children in their classes, the researchers chose a Montessori mixed-age kindergarten in Beijing as the field site and observed five classes within the kindergarten over a 2-month period in this ethnographic case study. The study found that the power gap between teacher and pupil spreads rapidly to all children in the classroom as a result of the teacher's emotions, and even stimulates power stratification within the children. In addition, there are differences in the social behaviors between the children of different levels of power. As preschool children are in a critical developmental window when social knowledge is being accumulated and social skills are being acquired, using power relations within the kindergarten classroom as an entry point to analyze the impact of teachers' emotions on children's social behavior provides a new breakthrough for the professional development of early childhood education and the better achievement of educational goals.

13.
Fetal Pediatr Pathol ; : 1-8, 2022 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35403555

RESUMO

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) infrequently involves the sigmoid colon, and has not previously been described in an infant sigmoid colon.An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor arose from the sigmoid colon of an 11-month-old boy, confirmed by anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), smooth muscle actin (SMA) and desmin immunohistochemical staining. The patient recovered well after complete resection of the tumor.Sigmoid IMT can occur in infancy. This eighth case is the youngest so far. The child did well after surgical resection.

14.
Natl Sci Rev ; 9(2): nwab188, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35382442

RESUMO

Forty-five years after the Apollo and Luna missions returned lunar samples, China's Chang'E-5 (CE-5) mission collected new samples from the mid-latitude region in the northeastern Oceanus Procellarum of the Moon. Our study shows that 95% of CE-5 lunar soil sizes are found to be within the range of 1.40-9.35 µm, while 95% of the soils by mass are within the size range of 4.84-432.27 µm. The bulk density, true density and specific surface area of CE-5 soils are 1.2387 g/cm3, 3.1952 g/cm3 and 0.56 m2/g, respectively. Fragments from the CE-5 regolith are classified into igneous clasts (mostly basalt), agglutinate and glass. A few breccias were also found. The minerals and compositions of CE-5 soils are consistent with mare basalts and can be classified as low-Ti/low-Al/low-K type with lower rare-earth-element contents than materials rich in potassium, rare earth element and phosphorus. CE-5 soils have high FeO and low Mg index, which could represent a new class of basalt.

15.
J Thorac Dis ; 14(3): 699-711, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35399247

RESUMO

Background: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most common type of lung cancer, and has a dismal mortality rate of 80%, mainly due to diagnosis at an advanced stage. Biomarkers with high specificity and sensitivity for the early diagnosis of LUAD are sparse. This study aimed to identify markers for the early diagnosis of LUAD. Methods: The GSE32863 and GSE75037 data sets were standardized and merged to screen for differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses were conducted. The intersected DEGs from the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and support vector machine (SVM) regression analyses were considered the hub genes. Then the diagnostic ability and expression of hub genes was tested in GSE63459 data set, Finally, CIBERSORT was used to analyze the correlation between the immune-infiltrating cells and hub genes. Results: The following 7 DEGs were intersected by the LASSO and SVM regression analyses: Locus 401286 (LOC401286), flavin-containing monooxygenase 2 (FMO2), XLKD1, Ras homolog family member J (RHOJ), scavenger receptor Class A member 5 (SCARA5), heat shock protein beta-2 (HSPB2), and serine incorporator 2 (SERINC2). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of LOC401286, FMO2, XLKD1, RHOJ, SCARA5, HSPB2, and SERINC2 was 0.99, 1.00, 0.99, 1.00, 0.99, 0.99, and 0.98, respectively in the training groups. The AUC of LOC401286, FMO2, XLKD1, RHOJ, SCARA5, HSPB2, and SERINC2 was 0.97, 0.96, 0.94, 0.88, 0.85, 0.94 and 0.89, respectively in the validation group. The immune-cell infiltrations of naive B cells, memory B cells, plasma cells, naive cluster of differentiation (CD) 4 T cells, T follicular helper cells, regulatory T cells, gamma delta T cells, monocytes, M0 macrophages, M1 macrophages, resting mast cells, activated mast cells, and neutrophils were different between the normal and tumor tissues. Notably, these immune cells were correlated with the above-mentioned 7 diagnostic genes. Conclusions: We identified 7 DEGs in LUAD tissue that can be considered diagnostic genes based on 2 machine-learning regression methods, which could be very helpful for the early diagnosis of LUAD in clinical practice.

16.
Bioengineered ; 13(4): 10605-10616, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35441585

RESUMO

Cabozantinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor with anti-tumor activity in kidney cancer. However, the efficacy of cabozantinib in other renal diseases has never been reported. Here, we focused on exploring the effect of cabozantinib on diabetic nephropathy (DN). The biofunctions of cabozantinib in human renal glomerular endothelial cells (hGECs) under high glucose conditions have been investigated. We found that cabozantinib ameliorated high glucose-induced oxidative stress in hGECs with decreased production of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) and increased glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) activity. Cabozantinib ameliorated high glucose-induced reduction in the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and the production of nitric oxide (NO) in hGECs. It also suppressed the expression of pro-inflammatory mediators, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and monocyte chemokine protein 1 (MCP-1), against high glucose exposure in hGECs. Cabozantinib reduced the expression of early growth response-1 (Egr-1) in high glucose-treated hGECs, while Egr-1 overexpression abolished the protective effects of cabozantinib against high glucose in hGECs. In conclusion, cabozantinib protected hGECs from high glucose-induced oxidative stress, NO deficiency, and inflammation via regulating Egr-1. These findings suggest that cabozantinib might be used as an adjuvant to control DN.


Assuntos
Nefropatias Diabéticas , Células Endoteliais , Anilidas/metabolismo , Anilidas/farmacologia , Antioxidantes , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Nefropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Piridinas
17.
RSC Adv ; 12(11): 6459-6462, 2022 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35424635

RESUMO

Liquid molecules are difficult to crystallize, and their structures and absolute configurations cannot be directly determined by X-ray crystallography. We herein report the rapid cocrystallization of tetraaryladamantanes with liquid molecules. The structure of the liquid small molecules can be obtained by determining the crystal structure of the cocrystallized compound. The absolute configuration of chiral molecules can also be assigned, which cannot be accomplished by other methods such as nuclear magnetic resonance. In this paper, liquid compounds such as phenylethanol and phenylpropanol derivatives were selected. 1,3,5,7-Tetrakis(2,4-diethoxyphenyl)adamantane (TEO) powder was heated and dissolved in liquid molecules and allowed to stand overnight to undergo cocrystallization. The results show that the single-crystal structures and the absolute configurations of 16 liquid molecules were determined by cocrystallization, and the homochiral natures of chiral compounds were confirmed by solid circular dichroism spectral measurements.

18.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 237: 113541, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35483144

RESUMO

Combined bioaugmentation inoculants composed of two or more plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) were more effective than single inoculants for plant growth and cadmium (Cd) removal in contaminated soils. However, the principles of consortia construction still need to be discovered. Here, a pot experiment with Cd natural polluted soil was conducted and PGPB consortia with different ecological niches from hyperaccumulator Sedum alfredii Hance were used to compare their effects and mechanisms on plant growth condition, Cd phytoextraction efficiency, soil enzymatic activities, and rhizospheric bacterial community of Brassica juncea L. The results showed that both rhizospheric and endophytic PGPB consortia inoculants promoted plant growth (6.9%-22.1%), facilitated Cd uptake (230.0%-350.0%) of oilseed rape, increased Cd phytoextraction efficiency (343.0%-441.0%), and enhanced soil Cd removal rates (92.0%-144.0%). PGPB consortia inoculants also enhanced soil microbial carbon by 22.2%-50.5%, activated the activities of soil urease and sucrase by 74.7%-158.4% and 8.4%-61.3%, respectively. Simultaneously, PGPB consortia inoculants increased the relative abundance of Flavobacterium, Rhodanobacter, Kosakonia, Pseudomonas and Paraburkholderia at the genus level, which may be beneficial to plant growth promotion and bacterial phytopathogen biocontrol. Although the four PGPB consortia inoculants promoted oilseed growth, amplified Cd phytoextraction, and changed bacterial community structure in rhizosphere soil, their original ecological niches were not a decisive factor for the efficiency of PGPB consortia. therefore, the results enriched the present knowledge regarding the significant roles of PGPB consortia as bioaugmentation agents and preliminarily explored construction principles of effective bioaugmentation inoculants, which will provide insights into the microbial responses to combined inoculation in the Cd-contaminated soils.


Assuntos
Inoculantes Agrícolas , Sedum , Poluentes do Solo , Bactérias , Biodegradação Ambiental , Cádmio/análise , Mostardeira , Rizosfera , Sedum/microbiologia , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
19.
Front Immunol ; 13: 797815, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35392076

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the most common autoimmune disease, is characterized by symmetrical synovial inflammation of multiple joints with the infiltration of pro-inflammatory immune cells and increased cytokines (CKs) levels. In the past few years, numerous studies have indicated that several factors could affect RA, such as mutations in susceptibility genes, epigenetic modifications, age, and race. Recently, environmental factors, particularly polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), have attracted increasing attention in RA pathogenesis. Therefore, exploring the specific mechanisms of PAHs in RA is vitally critical. In this review, we summarize the recent progress in understanding the mechanisms of PAHs and aryl hydrocarbon receptors (AHRs) in RA. Additionally, the development of therapeutic drugs that target AHR is also reviewed. Finally, we discuss the challenges and perspectives on AHR application in the future.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Artrite Reumatoide/etiologia , Humanos , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/genética
20.
Front Genet ; 13: 816123, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432470

RESUMO

Impatiens L., the largest genus in the family Balsaminaceae with approximately 1,000 species, is a controversial genus. Due to the conflict of morphological features and insufficient genomic resources, the studies of systematic evolution and understanding of taxonomic identification are considered to be very limited. Hence, we have sequenced the complete chloroplast genomes of three ornamental species (Impatiens balsamina, I. hawkeri, and I. walleriana), and compared them with previously published wild species data. We performed a detailed comparison of a highly similar basic structure, size, GC content, gene number, order, and functional array among them. Similarly, most divergent genes were detected from previous work in the literature. The mutational regions containing highly variable nucleotide hotspots were identified and may be used as potential markers for species identification and taxonomy. Furthermore, using whole chloroplast genome data to analysis the phylogenetic relationship of the Balsaminaceae species, we found that they were all part of a single clade. The three phenotypically different ornamental species were clustered together, suggesting that they were very likely to be closely related. We achieved and characterized the plastid genome structure, identified the divergence hotspots, and determined the phylogenetic and taxonomic positions of the three cultivated species in the Impatiens genus. The results may show that the chloroplast genome can be used to solve phylogenetic problems in or between the Impatiens genus and also provide genomic resources for the study of the Balsaminaceae family's systematics and evolution.

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