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1.
J Mol Graph Model ; 76: 512-520, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28735893

RESUMO

Singlet and triplet potential energy surfaces for the CH3O2 with I reaction have been investigated computationally to propose the reaction mechanisms and possible products. Multichannel RRKM theory and transition-state theory have been used to compute the overall and individual rate constants at 200-3000K and 10-14-1014Torr. On the singlet PES, addition-elimination, substitution and H-abstraction mechanisms are located, and the addition-elimination mechanism is dominant. At 70Torr with N2 as bath gas, IM1(CH3OOI) formed by collisional stabilization is dominated at 200-300K, whereas CH2O and HIO are the major products at the temperatures between 350 and 3000K; The title reaction exhibits the typical falloff behavior. The results show that temperature and pressure affect the yield of products. Furthermore, the predicted rate constants at 298K 70Torr of N2 agree well with the available experimental values. On the triplet PES, the most favorable product should be CH3I+O2(3Σ) at atmospheric condition. Other two pathways on the triplet PES will not compete with the pathways on the singlet PES in kinetically and thermodynamically.


Assuntos
Radical Hidroxila/química , Iodo/química , Modelos Teóricos , Algoritmos , Cinética , Modelos Moleculares
2.
Chemosphere ; 150: 329-340, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26921586

RESUMO

Singlet and triplet potential energy surfaces for the atmospheric ozonation of trans-2-chlorovnyldichloroarsine (lewisite) are investigated theoretically. Optimizations of the reactants, products, intermediates and transition states are carried out at the BHandHLYP/6-311+G(d,p) level. Single point energy calculations are performed at the CCSD(T)/6-311+G(d,p) level based on the optimized structures. The detailed mechanism is presented and discussed. Various possible H (or Cl)-abstraction and C (or As)-addition/elimination pathways are considered. The results show that the As-addition/elimination is more energetically favorable than the other mechanisms. Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus (RRKM) theory is used to compute the rate constants over the possible atmospheric temperature range of 200-3000 K and the pressure range of 10(-8)-10(9) Torr. The calculated rate constant is in good agreement with the available experimental data. The total rate coefficient shows positive temperature dependence and pressure independence. The modified three-parameter Arrhenius expressions for the total rate coefficient and individual rate coefficients are represented. Calculation results show that major product is CHClCHAs(OOO)Cl2 (s-IM3) at the temperature below 600 K and O2 + CHClCHAsOCl2 (s-P9) play an important role at the temperature between 600 and 3000 K. Time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) calculations indicate that CHCl(OOO)CHAsCl2 (s-IM3) and CHOAsCl2 (s-P5) can take photolysis easily in the sunlight. Due to the absence of spectral information for arsenide, computational vibrational spectra of the important intermediates and products are also analyzed to provide valuable evidence for subsequent experimental identification.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Arsenicais/análise , Substâncias para a Guerra Química/análise , Modelos Teóricos , Ozônio/química , Poluentes Atmosféricos/química , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos da radiação , Arsenicais/química , Arsenicais/efeitos da radiação , Substâncias para a Guerra Química/química , Substâncias para a Guerra Química/efeitos da radiação , Cinética , Fotólise , Pressão , Temperatura Ambiente
3.
Chemistry ; 21(48): 17371-8, 2015 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26481446

RESUMO

A superior Na3 V2 (PO4 )3 -based nanocomposite (NVP/C/rGO) has been successfully developed by a facile carbothermal reduction method using one most-common chelator, disodium ethylenediamintetraacetate [Na2 (C10 H16 N2 O8 )], as both sodium and nitrogen-doped carbon sources for the first time. 2D-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanosheets are also employed as highly conductive additives to facilitate the electrical conductivity and limit the growth of NVP nanoparticles. When used as the cathode material for sodium-ion batteries, the NVP/C/rGO nanocomposite exhibits the highest discharge capacity, the best high-rate capabilities and prolonged cycling life compared to the pristine NVP and single-carbon-modified NVP/C. Specifically, the 0.1 C discharge capacity delivered by the NVP/C/rGO is 116.8 mAh g(-1) , which is obviously higher than 106 and 112.3 mAh g(-1) for the NVP/C and pristine NVP respectively; it can still deliver a specific capacity of about 80 mAh g(-1) even at a high rate up to 30 C; and its capacity decay is as low as 0.0355 % per cycle when cycled at 0.2 C. Furthermore, the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was also implemented to compare the electrode kinetics of all three NVP-based cathodes including the apparent Na diffusion coefficients and charge-transfer resistances.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 51(80): 14848-51, 2015 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26344149

RESUMO

A new cathode material composed of romanechite-structured Na(0.31)MnO(1.9) nanofibers is developed for sodium-ion batteries for the first time. It can deliver a Na-uptake capacity of >100 mA h g(-1) with a superior high-rate capability and good cycling performance in the voltage range of 2-4.5 V vs. Na(+)/Na, and exhibit the unique ability of fast charging with the normal discharge rate.

5.
J Mol Graph Model ; 59: 31-9, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25899446

RESUMO

The heterocyclic urea of deazapterin (DeAPa) and its protomeric conformers (b, c) with different substituents are selected as the building block for a series of dimers in different configurations. The stabilities of all dimers in various conditions have been investigated by density functional theory. Homodimer of b has more stability than other dimers. Topological analyses certify the coexistence of intermolecular with intramolecular H-bonds. Investigations into frequency demonstrate that all H-bonds show an evident red shift in their stretching vibrational frequencies. Electron donating substituents can provide favorable free energies of the dimer. Solvent effect computations suggest that the dimerization can be favored in weakly polar solvents, such as toluene and chloroform. UV-visible spectra exhibit obvious difference of maximum absorption wavelengths between monomers and dimers, thus may have potential applications for identifying intermolecular H-bonds and calculating association constant of DeAP equilibrium systems in experiments.


Assuntos
Hidrogênio/química , Polímeros/química , Simulação por Computador , Dimerização , Elétrons , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Modelos Moleculares , Teoria Quântica , Solventes/química , Vibração
6.
Chemphyschem ; 16(8): 1768-76, 2015 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25872761

RESUMO

The mechanism and kinetics of the reactions of CF(3)COOCH(2)CH(3), CF(2)HCOOCH(3), and CF(3)COOCH(3) with Cl and OH radicals are studied using the B3LYP, MP2, BHandHLYP, and M06-2X methods with the 6-311G(d,p) basis set. The study is further refined by using the CCSD(T) and QCISD(T)/6-311++G(d,p) methods. Seven hydrogen-abstraction channels are found. All the rate constants, computed by a dual-level direct method with a small-curvature tunneling correction, are in good agreement with the experimental data. The tunneling effect is found to be important for the calculated rate constants in the low-temperature range. For the reaction of CF(3)COOCH(2)CH(3) +Cl, H-abstraction from the CH(2) group is found to be the dominant reaction channel. The standard enthalpies of formation for the species are also calculated. The Arrhenius expressions are fitted within 200-1000 K as kT(1) =8.4×10(-20) T (2.63) exp(381.28/T), kT(2) =2.95×10(-21) T (3.13) exp(-103.21/T), kT(3) =1.25×10(-23) T (3.37) exp(791.98/T), and kT(4) =4.53×10(-22) T (3.07) exp(465.00/T).

7.
J Phys Chem A ; 119(8): 1256-66, 2015 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25629584

RESUMO

Reactions of (CF3)2CFOCH3 and (CF3)2CFOCHO with hydroxyl radical and chlorine atom are studied at the B3LYP and BHandHLYP/6-311+G(d,p) levels along with the geometries and frequencies of all stationary points. This study is further refined by CCSD(T) and QCISD(T)/6-311+G(d,p) methods in the minimum energy paths. For the reaction (CF3)2CFOCH3 + OH, two hydrogen abstraction channels are found. The total rate constants for the reactions (CF3)2CFOCH3 + OH/Cl and (CF3)2CFOCHO + Cl are followed by means of the canonical variational transition state with the small-curvature tunneling correction. The comparison between the hydrogen abstraction rate constants by hydroxyl and chlorine atom is discussed. Calculated rate constants are in reasonable agreement with the available experiment data. The standard enthalpies of formation for the reactants, (CF3)2CFOCH3 and (CF3)2CFOCHO, and two products, (CF3)2CFOCH2 and (CF3)2CFOCO, are evaluated by a series of isodesmic reactions. The Arrhenius expressions for the title reactions are given as follows: k1= 1.08 × 10(-22) T(3.38) exp(-213.31/T), k2= 3.55 × 10(-22) T(3.61) exp(-240.26/T), and k3= 3.00 × 10 (-19) T(2.58) exp(-1294.34/T) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1).

8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 16(44): 24604-9, 2014 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25312393

RESUMO

First principles calculations were used to investigate the surface energies, equilibrium morphology, surface redox potentials, and surface electrical conductivity of LiVOPO4. Relatively low-energy surfaces are found in the (100), (010), (001), (011), (111), and (201) orientations of the orthorhombic structure. Thermodynamic equilibrium shape of the LiVOPO4 crystal is built with the calculated surface energies through a Wulff construction. The (001) and (111) orientations are the dominating surfaces in the Wulff shape. Similar calculations for VOPO4 display a larger decrease in surface energies for the (100) surface rather than those in the other surfaces. It suggests that the Wulff shape of LiVOPO4 is closely related to the chemical environment around. Surfaces (100), (010) and (201) present lower Li surface redox potentials in comparison with the bulk material. Therefore, the Li migration rate on surfaces could be effectively increased by maximizing the exposure of these low redox potential surfaces. In addition, lower surface band gaps are found in all orientations compared to the bulk one, which indicates that electrical conductivity can be improved significantly by enlarging surfaces with relatively low band gaps in the particle. Therefore, synthesizing (201) and (100) nanosheets will greatly improve the electrochemical properties of the material.

9.
J Mol Model ; 20(9): 2419, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25129661

RESUMO

The reaction of CHF2OCF2CHFCl with atomic chlorine was studied using B3LYP/6-311G(d,p), BHandHLYP/6-311G(d,p), and M06-2X/6-311G(d,p) methods and further using CCSD(T) and QCISD(T) methods. Two hydrogen abstraction channels were found for the title reaction. Dynamics calculations were followed by means of canonical variational transition state with the small-curvature tunneling correction between 220 and 2,000 K. Our rate constant k = 2.90 × 10(-15) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) is in reasonable agreement with the available data (3.20 ± 0.32) × 10(-15) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) at 296 K. The three-parameter Arrhenius expression (in the unit of cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1)) for the title reaction is given as k (T) = 1.38 × 10 (-19) T (2.57) exp (-2622.95/T).

10.
Chemosphere ; 111: 545-53, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24997964

RESUMO

Mechanisms for the atmospheric degradation reaction of BrCH2O2+HO2 were investigated using quantum chemistry methods. The result indicates that the dominant product is BrCH2OOH+O2((3)Σ). While CH2O+HBr+O3, BrCHO+OH+HO2 and CH2O+Br+HO3 will be competitive to a certain extent in the atmosphere. Meanwhile, the nascent product - BrCH2OOH reacts easily with OH radicals leading to BrCH2O2 again under the atmospheric conditions. Moreover, OH radicals could act as a catalyst in the net reaction of BrCH2OOH→BrCHO+H2O. Thus the proposed product BrCHO+H2O+O2 in the experiment might be generated from the subsequent reaction of BrCH2OOH with extra OH radicals. Comparisons indicate that halogen substitution effect makes minor contributions to the XCH2O2 (X=H, F, Cl and Br)+HO2 reactions in the atmosphere.


Assuntos
Atmosfera/química , Hidrocarbonetos Bromados/química , Radical Hidroxila/química , Modelos Moleculares , Oxigênio/química , Água/química
11.
J Comput Chem ; 35(22): 1646-56, 2014 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24995629

RESUMO

The reaction of propargyl alcohol with hydroxyl radical has been studied extensively at CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVTZ//MP2/cc-pVTZ level. This is the first time to gain a conclusive insight into the reaction mechanism and kinetics for this important reaction in detail. Two reaction mechanisms were revealed, namely addition/elimination and hydrogen abstraction mechanism. The reaction mechanism confirms that OH addition to C≡C triple bond forms the chemically activated adducts, IM1 (·CHCOHCH2OH) and IM2 (CHOH·CCH2OH), and the hydrogen abstraction pathways (-CH2OH bonded to the carbon atom and alcohol hydrogen) may occur via low barriers. Harmonic model of Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus theory and variational transition state theory are used to calculate the overall and individual rate constants over a wide range of temperatures and pressures. The calculated rate constants are in good agreement with the experimental data. At atmospheric pressure with Ar as bath gas, IM1 (·CHCOHCH2OH) and IM2 (CHOH·CCH2OH) formed by collisional stabilization are dominant in the low temperature range. The production of CHCCHOH + H2O via hydrogen abstraction becomes dominate at higher temperature. The fraction of IM3 (CH2COHCH2·O) is very significant over the moderate temperature range.


Assuntos
Alquinos/química , Gases/química , Radical Hidroxila/química , Modelos Químicos , Propanóis/química
12.
J Mol Model ; 20(7): 2335, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25007917

RESUMO

The trans-2-chlorovinyldichloroarsine (Lewisite) was produced and handled during WWI and WWII as chemical warfare agents. It was very difficult to explore its chemical characterization by experiments ways. The quantum chemical calculations proved to be a precise and harmless method for the toxicological system. In this paper, the gas phase reaction mechanisms of OH radical with trans-2-chlorovinyldichloroarsine (lewisite) were studied by second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2) method. The geometries of reactants, products, complexes, and transition states were optimized at the MP2/6-311++G(d,p) level. To gain more accurate mechanistic knowledge, the single-point energies were calculated using G3 and CCSD(T) method. This reaction exhibited three mechanisms, namely, direct hydrogen abstraction, direct chlorine abstraction, and addition/elimination. Multichannel Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus theory and transition-state theory have been carried out for overall and individual rate constants over a wide range of temperatures and pressures. The computational results indicated that addition/elimination reaction is more favorable than direct hydrogen abstraction and direct chlorine abstraction. The major products for the total reaction are AsCl2 and CHClCH2O generated via C(2)-addition/elimination.

13.
Chemistry ; 20(24): 7479-85, 2014 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24782138

RESUMO

LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 is regarded as a promising cathode material to increase the energy density of lithium-ion batteries due to the high discharge voltage (ca. 4.7 V). However, the interface between the LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode and the electrolyte is a great concern because of the decomposition of the electrolyte on the cathode surface at high operational potentials. To build a stable and functional protecting layer of Li3PO4 on LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 to avoid direct contact between the active materials and the electrolyte is the emphasis of this study. Li3PO4-coated LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 is prepared by a solid-state reaction and noncoated LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 is prepared by the same method as a control. The materials are fully characterized by XRD, FT-IR, and high-resolution TEM. TEM shows that the Li3PO4 layer (<6 nm) is successfully coated on the LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 primary particles. XRD and FT-IR reveal that the synthesized Li3PO4-coated LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 has a cubic spinel structure with a space group of Fd3m, whereas noncoated LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 shows a cubic spinel structure with a space group of P4(3)32. The electrochemical performance of the prepared materials is characterized in half and full cells. Li3PO4-coated LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 shows dramatically enhanced cycling performance compared with noncoated LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4.

14.
J Chem Phys ; 140(8): 084309, 2014 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24588171

RESUMO

The reaction of allyl chloride with the hydroxyl radical has been investigated on a sound theoretical basis. This is the first time to gain a conclusive insight into the reaction mechanism and kinetics for important pathways in detail. The reaction mechanism confirms that OH addition to the C=C double bond forms the chemically activated adducts, IM1 (CH2CHOHCH2Cl) and IM2 (CH2OHCHCH2Cl) via low barriers, and direct H-abstraction paths may also occur. Variational transition state model and multichannel RRKM theory are employed to calculate the temperature-, pressure-dependent rate constants. The calculated rate constants are in good agreement with the experimental data. At 100 Torr with He as bath gas, IM6 formed by collisional stabilization is the major products in the temperature range 200-600 K; the production of CH2CHCHCl via hydrogen abstractions becomes dominant at high temperatures (600-3000 K).


Assuntos
Compostos Alílicos/química , Gases/química , Radical Hidroxila/química , Teoria Quântica , Pressão , Temperatura Ambiente
15.
J Mol Graph Model ; 48: 18-27, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24366002

RESUMO

Potential energy surface for the reaction of hydroxyl radical (OH) with 3-fluoropropene (CH2CHCH2F) has been studied to evaluate the reaction mechanisms, possible products and rate constants. It has been shown that the CH2CHCH2F with OH reaction takes place via a barrierless addition/elimination and hydrogen abstraction mechanism. It is revealed for the first time that the initial step for the barrierless additional process involves a pre-reactive loosely bound complex (CR1) that is 1.60 kcal/mol below the energy of the reactants. Subsequently, the reaction bifurcates into two different pathways to form IM1 (CH2CHOHCH2F) and IM2 (CH2OHCHCH2F), which can decompose or isomerize to various products via complicated mechanisms. Variational transition state model and multichannel RRKM theory are employed to calculate the temperature-, pressure-dependent rate constants and branching ratios. At atmospheric pressure with He as bath gas, IM1 formed by collisional stabilization is dominated at T≤600 K; whereas the direct hydrogen abstraction leading to CH2CHCHF and H2O are the major products at temperatures between 600 and 3000 K, with estimated contribution of 72.9% at 1000 K. Furthermore, the predicted rate constants are in good agreement with the available experimental values.


Assuntos
Alcanos/química , Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/química , Radical Hidroxila/química , Simulação por Computador , Cinética , Modelos Químicos , Modelos Moleculares , Termodinâmica
16.
J Mol Model ; 19(12): 5579-86, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24257902

RESUMO

The geometrical structures, energetics properties, and aromaticity of C(36-n) Si(n) (n ≤ 18) fullerene-based clusters were studied using density functional theory calculations. The geometries of C(36-n) Si(n) clusters undergo strong structural deformation with the increase of Si substitution. For the most energy favorable structures of C(36-n) Si(n) , the silicon and carbon atoms form two distinct homogeneous segregations. Subsequently, the binding energy, HOMO-LUMO energy gap, vertical ionization potential, vertical electron affinity, and chemical hardness for the energetic favorable C(36-n) Si(n) geometries were computed and analyzed. In addition, the aromatic property of C(36-n) Si(n) cagelike clusters was investigated, and the result demonstrate that these C(36-n) Si(n) cagelike structures possess strong aromaticity.

17.
J Phys Chem A ; 117(30): 6629-40, 2013 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23865514

RESUMO

The complex potential energy surface of allyl alcohol (CH2CHCH2OH) with hydroxyl radical (OH) has been investigated at the G3(MP2)//MP2/6-311++G(d,p) level. On the surface, two kinds of pathways are revealed, namely, direct hydrogen abstraction and addition/elimination. Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus theory and transition state theory are carried out to calculate the total and individual rate constants over a wide temperature and pressure region with tunneling correction. It is predicted that CH2CHOHCH2OH (IM1) formed by collisional stabilization is dominate in the temperature range (200-440 K) at atmospheric pressure with N2 (200-315 K at 10 Torr Ar and 100 Torr He). The production of CH2CHCHOH + H2O via direct hydrogen abstraction becomes dominate at higher temperature. The kinetic isotope effect (KIE) has also been calculated for the title reaction. Moreover, the calculated rate constants and KIE are in good agreement with the experimental data.


Assuntos
Gases/química , Hidrogênio/química , Radical Hidroxila/química , Modelos Químicos , Propanóis/química , Pressão Atmosférica , Simulação por Computador , Cinética , Temperatura Ambiente , Termodinâmica
18.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 15(16): 5936-44, 2013 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23493819

RESUMO

The mechanisms and reaction pathways for the CF3O2 + IO reaction have been investigated by quantum chemistry methods. It has been found that the title reaction takes place on both the singlet and triplet potential energy surfaces (PES). On the singlet PES, the most important products include CF3OOOI, CF3OOIO, CF3OIO2, and CF2O + FIO2, while other products such as CF2O + FOIO, CF2O + FOOI, CF3OOI + O((3)P), CF3OI + O2 ((1)Δ and (3)Σ), and CF3O + OIO are negligible due to high barriers or unstable formations. On the triplet PES, CF3O + OIO is the dominant product with a lower barrier. As for FIO2 and it isomers, the most stable one is FIO2. TDDFT (Time Dependent Density Functional Theory) calculation indicates that CF3OOOI, CF3OOIO and CF3OIO2 undergo photolysis easily under sunlight. Moreover, a minor contribution relative to hydrogen is found in the CX3O2 + IO (X = H and F) reactions.

19.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 14(47): 16476-85, 2012 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23131708

RESUMO

Stimulated by the preparation and characterization of the isolated pentagon rule (IPR) violating chlorofullerene: C(60)Cl(8) (Nat. Mater. 2008, 7, 790-794), we have performed a systematic investigation on the structural stabilities, electronic and optical properties of the IPR-violating C(60)X(8) (X = H, F, and Cl) fullerene compounds via density functional theory. The large energy gaps between the highest occupied and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals provide a clear indication of high chemical stabilities of C(60)X(8) derivatives, and moreover, the C(60)X(8) molecules present great aromatic character with the negative nucleus independent chemical shift values. In the addition reactions of C(60) (C(2v)) + 4X(2) → C(60)X(8), a series of exothermic processes are involved, with high reaction energies ranging from -71.97 to -233.16 kcal mol(-1). An investigation on the electronic property shows that C(60)F(8) and C(60)Cl(8) could be excellent electron acceptors as a consequence of large vertical electron affinities. The density of state analysis suggests that the frontier molecular orbitals of C(60)X(8) are mainly from the carbon orbitals of two separate annulene subunits, and the influence from X atoms is secondary. In addition, the ultraviolet-visible spectra and second-order hyperpolarizabilities of C(60)X(8) are calculated by means of time-dependent density functional theory and a finite field approach, respectively. Both the average static linear polarizability <α> and second-order hyperpolarizability <γ> of C(60)X(8) increase greatly compared to those of C(60).

20.
J Phys Chem A ; 116(44): 10647-55, 2012 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23075201

RESUMO

A dual-level direct dynamic method is employed to study the reaction mechanism of hydroxyl radical with (CH(3))(3)COOH and (CH(3))(2)CHOOH. Eight hydrogen abstraction channels are found for title reactions. The energy paths are optimized at the BH&H-HLYP/6-311G(d,p) level, and the energy profiles are further refined by interpolated single-point energies method at the CCSD(T) and QCISD(T) theories. Rate coefficients for the reactions of the OH with (CH(3))(3)COOH/(CH(3))(2)CHOOH are computed by the canonical variational transition-state theory with the small-curvature tunneling correction between 200 and 2000 K. The Arrhenius expressions k(1) (T) = 1.49 × 10(-26) T(4.71) exp(1981.92/T) and k(2) (T) = 1.58 × 10(-20) T(3.32) exp(210.59/T) over 200-2000 K are obtained.


Assuntos
Radical Hidroxila/química , Propionatos/química , terc-Butil Hidroperóxido/química , Teoria Quântica
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