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1.
Comput Human Behav ; 138: 107486, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120514

RESUMO

Based on a regional survey conducted in five cities of China (Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu, and Wuhan) in January 2020 and a national survey experiment conducted in 31 provinces of China in December 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic, we investigated the intentions for the misinformed, uninformed, and informed individuals to spread COVID-19 related (mis)information online and the psychological factors affecting their distinct sharing behaviors. We found that (1) both misinformed and uninformed individuals were more likely to spread misinformation and less likely to share fact as compared with the informed ones; (2) the reasons for the misinformed individuals to spread misinformation resembled those for the informed ones to share truth, but the uninformed ones shared misinformation based on different motivations; and (3) information that arouses positive emotions were more likely to go viral than that arouses negative feelings in the context of COVID-19, regardless of facticity. The implications of these findings were discussed in terms of how people react to misinformation when coping with risk, and intervention strategies were proposed to combat COVID-19 or other types of misinformation in risk scenarios.

2.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 666-677, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600979

RESUMO

An increased level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays a major role in endothelial dysfunction and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation during in-stent thrombosis and restenosis after coronary artery stenting. Herein, we report an electrospun core-shell nanofiber coloaded with 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine 1-oxyl (TEMPOL) and rapamycin (RAPA) that correspondingly serves as an ROS scavenger and VSMC inhibitor. This system has the potential to improve the biocompatibility of current drug-eluting stent (DES) coatings with the long-term and continuous release of TEMPOL and rapamycin. Moreover, the RAPA/TEMPOL-loaded membrane selectively inhibited the proliferation of VSMCs while sparing endothelial cells (ECs). This membrane demonstrated superior ROS-scavenging, anti-inflammatory and antithrombogenic effects in ECs. In addition, the membrane could maintain the contractile phenotype and mitigate platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB)-induced proliferation of VSMCs. In vivo results further revealed that the RAPA/TEMPOL-loaded covered stents promoted rapid restoration of vascular endothelium compared with DES and persistently impeded inflammation and neointimal hyperplasia in porcine models.

3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0167, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394838

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: Skiing is a sport that demands the high performance of motor coordination with high energy consumption, factors that strongly influence muscle fatigue. Athletes who experience this phenomenon tend to present a decline in performance, generating psychological irritability and impairment in concentration. Diet is closely related to athletic performance, but the proper prescription for skiing athletes still lacks studies. Objective: To explore the methods of recovery from sports fatigue in skiers by providing up-to-date perspectives for effective nutritional intervention during the recovery stage. Methods: Seven young male skiers were selected as research subjects, and caloric intake, among other conditions, was recorded in detail. After three weeks, indices of body weight, body fat rate, serum metabolism, cardiopulmonary capacity, and energy metabolism, among other relevant information, were duly recorded and compared. Results: The intervention did not significantly impact lean body mass indices (p>0.05). The athletes' body weight decreased significantly, and the body fat rate decreased significantly after the nutritional intervention; The analyzed biomarkers were positively impacted, except the urea nitrogen concentration that showed a tendency to increase after the nutritional intervention, an effect that may be linked to the proportional increase of protein intake. Conclusion: The proposed nutritional intervention positively impacted the skiers' energy metabolism, directly impacting the athletes' recovery from sports fatigue. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: O esqui é um esporte que exige alto desempenho de coordenação motora com um elevado consumo de energia, fatores que influenciam fortemente a fadiga muscular. Atletas que experienciam esse fenômeno, tendem a apresentar um declínio no nível do desempenho, gerando irritabilidade psicológica e prejuízos na concentração. A dieta está intimamente relacionada ao desempenho atlético, porém a receita adequada para os atletas em esqui ainda carece de estudos. Objetivo: Explorar os métodos de recuperação da fadiga esportiva nos esquiadores fornecendo perspectivas atualizadas para uma intervenção nutricional eficaz durante a etapa de recuperação. Métodos: Sete jovens esquiadores do sexo masculino foram selecionados como sujeitos da pesquisa, e a ingestão calórica, entre outras condições foram detalhadamente registradas. Após três semanas, índices de peso corporal, taxa de gordura corporal, metabolismo sérico, capacidade cardiopulmonar, metabolismo energético, entre outras informações relevantes foram devidamente registradas e comparadas. Resultados: A intervenção não impactou significativamente nos índices de massa magra corporal (p>0,05). O peso corporal dos atletas diminuiu significativamente e a taxa de gordura corporal diminuiu significativamente após a intervenção nutricional; os biomarcadores analisados foram positivamente impactados, a exceção da concentração de nitrogênio ureico que apresentou tendência de alta após a intervenção nutricional, efeito que pode estar atrelado ao aumento proporcional da ingesta proteica. Conclusão: A proposta de intervenção nutricional apresentou impactos positivos no metabolismo energético dos esquiadores, impactando diretamente na recuperação da fadiga esportiva dos atletas. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: El esquí es un deporte que exige un alto rendimiento de coordinación motora con un elevado consumo de energía, factores que influyen fuertemente en la fatiga muscular. Los deportistas que experimentan este fenómeno, tienden a presentar un descenso en el nivel de rendimiento, generando irritabilidad psicológica y daños en la concentración. La dieta está estrechamente relacionada con el rendimiento deportivo, pero la prescripción adecuada para los atletas de esquí aún carece de estudios. Objetivo: Explorar los métodos de recuperación de la fatiga deportiva en los esquiadores proporcionando perspectivas actualizadas para una intervención nutricional eficaz durante la etapa de recuperación. Métodos: Se seleccionaron siete jóvenes esquiadores varones como sujetos de investigación, y se registró detalladamente la ingesta calórica, entre otras condiciones. Al cabo de tres semanas, se registraron y compararon debidamente los índices de peso corporal, el índice de grasa corporal, el metabolismo sérico, la capacidad cardiopulmonar y el metabolismo energético, entre otros datos relevantes. Resultados: La intervención no tuvo un impacto significativo en los índices de masa corporal magra (p>0,05). El peso corporal de los atletas disminuyó significativamente y el índice de grasa corporal disminuyó significativamente después de la intervención nutricional. Los biomarcadores analizados tuvieron un impacto positivo, con la excepción de la concentración de nitrógeno ureico que mostró una tendencia a aumentar después de la intervención nutricional, efecto que puede estar relacionado con el aumento proporcional de la ingesta de proteínas. Conclusión: La propuesta de intervención nutricional presentó impactos positivos en el metabolismo energético de los esquiadores, impactando directamente en la recuperación de la fatiga deportiva de los atletas. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

4.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0160, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394841

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: With the preparation and development of the Winter Olympic Games, there has been an increase in the popularity of skiing. Driven by this demand, the professional development of coaches requires updates in the analysis of skiers' sports injuries, elaboration of corresponding prevention and treatment strategies, and resistance training to promote the development of athletes' physical quality, such as bone mass and mineral density. Objective: Study the sports injuries of skiers and explore needs and ways of applying resistance training in skiing. Methods: The questionnaire survey was used to explore the main types of injuries and their influencing factors. Then, 20 volunteers were selected for the resistance training experiment; each group of 10 people included five men and five women. The control group maintained a normal daily life, while resistance training was added to the experimental group three times a week, based on the control group. Results: The research results showed that the current proportion of skiing injuries was relatively high, mainly in mild injuries. After nine weeks in the experimental resistance training group, both men and women had positive bone mass development. Conclusion: Resistance training can improve physical quality and reduce the occurrence of sports injuries, demonstrating the benefits of its implementation in endurance training for skiers. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Com a preparação e desenvolvimento dos Jogos Olímpicos de Inverno, houve um aumento da popularidade do esqui. Impulsionados por essa demanda, o desenvolvimento profissional dos treinadores requer atualizações nas análises de lesões esportivas dos esquiadores, elaboração de estratégias de prevenção e tratamento correspondentes, além de treinamentos de resistência de modo a promover o desenvolvimento da qualidade física dos atletas, como a massa óssea e sua densidade mineral. Objetivo: Estudar as lesões esportivas dos esquiadores e explorar necessidades e modos de aplicação do treino de resistência no esqui. Métodos: O método de pesquisa por questionário foi utilizado para explorar os principais tipos de lesões e seus fatores influenciadores. Em seguida, 20 voluntários foram selecionados para o experimento de treinamento de resistência, cada grupo de 10 pessoas incluiu 5 homens e 5 mulheres. O grupo controle manteve uma vida diária normal, enquanto ao grupo experimental foi adicionado um treinamento de resistência, três vezes por semana, com base no grupo controle. Resultados: Os resultados da pesquisa mostraram que a proporção atual de lesões por esqui foi relativamente alta, principalmente em lesões leves. Após 9 semanas no grupo experimental de treinamento de resistência, tanto homens quanto mulheres tiveram desenvolvimento positivo de massa óssea. Conclusão: O treinamento de resistência pode não só melhorar a qualidade física, mas também reduzir a ocorrência de lesões esportivas, demonstrando os benefícios de sua implementação no treinamento de resistência dos esquiadores. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Con la preparación y el desarrollo de los Juegos Olímpicos de Invierno, ha aumentado la popularidad del esquí. Impulsado por esta demanda, el desarrollo profesional de los entrenadores requiere actualizaciones en el análisis de las lesiones deportivas de los esquiadores, la elaboración de las correspondientes estrategias de prevención y tratamiento, así como el entrenamiento de la resistencia para promover el desarrollo de la calidad física de los atletas, como la masa ósea y la densidad mineral. Objetivo: Estudiar las lesiones deportivas de los esquiadores y explorar las necesidades y formas de aplicar el entrenamiento de resistencia en el esquí. Métodos: Se utilizó el método de encuesta por cuestionario para explorar los principales tipos de lesiones y sus factores de influencia. A continuación, se seleccionaron 20 voluntarios para el experimento de entrenamiento de resistencia, cada grupo de 10 personas incluía 5 hombres y 5 mujeres. El grupo de control mantuvo una vida diaria normal, mientras que al grupo experimental se le añadió un entrenamiento de resistencia, tres veces por semana, basado en el grupo de control. Resultados: Los resultados de la investigación mostraron que la proporción actual de lesiones de esquí era relativamente alta, principalmente en las lesiones leves. Después de 9 semanas en el grupo experimental de entrenamiento de resistencia, tanto los hombres como las mujeres tuvieron un desarrollo positivo de la masa ósea. Conclusión: El entrenamiento de resistencia no sólo puede mejorar la calidad física, sino también reducir la aparición de lesiones deportivas, lo que demuestra los beneficios de su aplicación en el entrenamiento de resistencia de los esquiadores. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

5.
Environ Int ; 169: 107515, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36130473

RESUMO

Plastics used in electric and electronic products cover a wide range, and contain many additives, such as brominated flame retardant and so on. These compounds and microplastics may be released into environment when the electric and electronic products are obsoleted and recycled. This study explores the characteristics of microplastics and the complex pollutions in a formal e-waste recycling base in Shanghai, China. The maximum abundance of microplastics is observed in dust samples of the recycling base and the average abundance is 44277 ± 69032p/50 g. 103 kinds of polymers are identified, including 4 kinds of packaging plastics, 32 kinds of engineering plastics, 18 kinds of rubber, and 49 kinds of other polymers. It is found that microplastics show weak adsorption effect for heavy metals. However, microplastics are important carrier of ∑8PBDEs released during the whole recycling processes, and BDE-209 account for more than 50 % of PBDEs in microplastics. It is estimated that the microplastics load inside the e-waste recycling base was 4.01 tons based on the measured statistics. This study will provide theoretical basis for further understanding the potential pollution of microplastics and upgrading the corresponding control measures.

6.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2022: 8569188, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36134143

RESUMO

Backgrounds: Manual compression (MC) and vascular closure device (VCD) are two methods of vascular access site hemostasis after cardiac interventional procedures. However, there is still controversial over the use of them and a lack of comprehensive and systematic meta-analysis on this issue. Methods: Original articles comparing VCD and MC in cardiac interventional procedures were searched in PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science through April 2022. Efficacy, safety, patient satisfaction, and other parameters were assessed between two groups. Heterogeneity among studies was evaluated by I2 index and the Cochran Q test, respectively. Publication bias was assessed using the funnel plot and Egger's test. Results: A total of 32 studies were included after screening with inclusion and exclusion criteria (33481 patients). This meta-analysis found that VCD resulted in shorter time to hemostasis, ambulation, and discharge (p < 0.00001). In terms of vascular complication risks, VCD group might be associated with a lower risk of major complications (p = 0.0001), but the analysis limited to randomized controlled trials did not support this result (p = 0.68). There was no significant difference in total complication rates (p = 0.08) and bleeding-related complication rates (p = 0.05) between the two groups. Patient satisfaction was higher in VCD group (p = 0.002). Meta-regression analysis revealed no specific covariate as an influencing factor for above results (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Compared with MC, the use of VCDs significantly shortens the time of hemostasis and allows earlier ambulation and discharge, meanwhile without increase in vascular complications. In addition, use of VCDs achieves higher patient satisfaction and leads cost savings for patients and institutions.


Assuntos
Dispositivos de Oclusão Vascular , Artéria Femoral , Humanos , Pressão , Punções , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Mol Metab ; 65: 101588, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055577

RESUMO

Thermogenic fat differentiation and function can be promoted through multiple pathways, resulting in a common cell phenotype characterized by the expression of Uncoupling Protein-1 and the ability to dissipate energy, but local and systemic stimuli are necessary to promote adequate thermogenic fat vascularization, which is a precondition for the transport of substrate and the dissipation of heat. Angiopoietin-2 is an important driver of vascularization, and its transcription is in part promoted by estrogen signaling. In this study we demonstrate that adipose tissue-specific knock out of Angiopoietin-2 causes a female-specific reduced thermogenic fat differentiation and function, resulting in obesity and impaired glucose tolerance with end-organ features consistent with metabolic syndrome. In humans, angiopoietin-2 levels are higher in females than in males, and are inversely correlated with adiposity and age more strongly in pre-menopause when compared to post-menopause. Collectively, these data indicate a novel and important role for estrogen-mediated Angiopoietin-2 adipose tissue production in the protection against calorie overload in females, and potentially in the development of postmenopausal weight gain.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; 853: 158424, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067854

RESUMO

The anoxic/multi-aerobic process is widely applied for treating landfill leachate with low carbon to nitrogen ratio. In this study, the effect of two aeration modes in the aerobic phase, i.e. decreasing dissolved oxygen (DO) and increasing DO, on nitrogen removal and N2O emission in the process were systematically compared. The results demonstrate that the aerobic phase with increasing DO mode has a positive effect on improved total nitrogen removal (78 %) under the COD/N ratio as low as 3.45 and minimized N2O emission. DO concentration higher than 1.5 mg/L in the aerobic phase reduced nitrogen removal and led to a significant high N2O emission in the process. Complete nitrite denitrification in the anoxic phase correlated with minimized N2O emission. Under efficient nitrogen removal stage, N2O emission factor was 2.4 ± 1.0 % of the total incoming nitrogen. Microbial analysis revealed that increasing DO mode increased the abundance of ammonia oxidizing bacteria and denitrifiers.

9.
J Adv Res ; 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116710

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Environmental microparticle is becoming a global pollutant and the entire population is increasingly exposed to the microparticles from artificial materials. The accumulation of microparticles including microplastics and its subsequent effects need to be investigated timely to keep sustainable development of human society. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the accumulation of environmental particles in thrombus, the pathological structure in the blood circulation system. METHODS: Patients receiving cardiovascular surgical operations were screened and twenty-six thrombi were collected, digested and filtered. Non-soluble microparticles were enriched on the filter membrane and then were analyzed and identified with Raman Spectrometer. The associations of particle status (presence or absence) or particle number in the thrombus and clinical indicators were examined. One strict quality control-particle detection system was designed to eliminate environmental contaminations. RESULTS: Among twenty-six thrombi, sixteen contained eighty-seven identified particles ranging from 2.1 to 26.0 µm in size. The number of microparticles in each thrombus ranged from one to fifteen with the median reaching five. All the particles found in thrombi were irregularly block-shaped. Totally, twenty-one phthalocyanine particles, one Hostasol-Green particle, and one low-density polyethylene microplastic, which were from synthetic materials, were identified in thrombi. The rest microparticles included iron compounds and metallic oxides. After the adjustment for potential confounders, a significantly positive association between microparticle number and blood platelet levels was detected (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: This study provides the first photograph and Raman spectrum evidence of microparticles in thrombi. A large number of non-soluble particles including synthetic material microparticles could accumulate in arteries, suggesting that the risk of microparticle exposure was under-estimated and the re-evaluation of its health effects is urgently needed. There will be a series of reports on assessing the health effects of microparticle exposure in humans in the future and this research provided clues for the subsequent research.

10.
Front Immunol ; 13: 991256, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119110

RESUMO

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a group of diseases characterized by inflammation and destruction of small and medium-sized blood vessels. Clinical disease phenotypes include microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). The incidence of AAV has been on the rise in recent years with advances in ANCA testing. The etiology and pathogenesis of AAV are multifactorial and influenced by both genetic and environmental factors, as well as innate and adaptive immune system responses. Multiple case reports have shown that sustained exposure to silica in an occupational environment resulted in a significantly increased risk of ANCA positivity. A meta-analysis involving six case-control studies showed that silica exposure was positively associated with AAV incidence. Additionally, exposure to air pollutants, such as carbon monoxide (CO), is a risk factor for AAV. AAV has seasonal trends. Studies have shown that various environmental factors stimulate the body to activate neutrophils and expose their own antigens, resulting in the release of proteases and neutrophil extracellular traps, which damage vascular endothelial cells. Additionally, the activation of complement replacement pathways may exacerbate vascular inflammation. However, the role of environmental factors in the etiology of AAV remains unclear and has received little attention. In this review, we summarized the recent literature on the study of environmental factors, such as seasons, air pollution, latitude, silica, and microbial infection, in AAV with the aim of exploring the relationship between environmental factors and AAV and possible mechanisms of action to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of AAV.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss , Granulomatose com Poliangiite , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/tratamento farmacológico , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/epidemiologia , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/etiologia , Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos , Monóxido de Carbono/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss/complicações , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Humanos , Inflamação/complicações , Peptídeo Hidrolases , Dióxido de Silício
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36151600

RESUMO

Photoaffinity labeling is a powerful technique to interrogate drug-protein interactions in native cellular environments. Photo-cross-linkers are instrumental for this technique. However, the introduction of unnatural photo-cross-linkers may significantly reduce the bioactivity of the drug, thus impairing the chemoproteomic outcomes. Herein, we developed a common pharmacophore, isoxazole, into a natively embedded photo-cross-linker for chemoproteomics, which minimally perturbs the drug structure. The photo-cross-linking reactions of the isoxazole were thoroughly investigated for the first time. Functionalized isoxazoles were then designed and applied to protein labeling, demonstrating the superior photo-cross-linking efficiency. Subsequently, two isoxazole-based drugs, Danazol and Luminespib, were employed in chemoproteomic studies, revealing their potential cellular targets. These results provide valuable strategies for future chemoproteomic study and drug development.

12.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 38(9): 3267-3278, 2022 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36151798

RESUMO

Oral static biofilm model is an important tool for in vitro simulation of oral microecological environment, which has become an important method for studying the pathogenesis of various oral diseases and testing the efficacy of various drugs, oral care products and foods due to its low cost, high throughput, good reliability and easy operation. The establishment of oral static biofilm models allows the selection of different devices, inoculum sources, media, substrates and culture conditions according to the purpose of the study, and the evaluation of biofilm growth by various methods such as measuring biomass, metabolic activity, community structure and performing visualization analysis. This paper summarizes the methodological elements reported in recent years for the establishment and evaluation of oral static biofilm models, and analyzes and discusses the applicability of various methods in the hope of contributing to the research and production practice in related fields.

13.
Water Res ; 224: 119075, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116191

RESUMO

Phytoplankton biomass can significantly affect metal(loid) bioaccumulation in plankton, but the underlying mechanisms are still controversial. We investigated the bioaccumulation of eight metal(loid)s (As, Co, Cu, Hg, Mn, Pb, Se, and Zn) in three size categories of planktonic organisms - seston (0.7-64 µm), mesozooplankton (200-500 µm), and macrozooplankton (>500 µm) - sampled from six freshwater lakes in two seasons in the Yangtze River Delta, China. Our results highlight phytoplankton biomass is the major driver on metal(loid) bioaccumulation in the studied anthropogenic-impacted subtropical lakes, mainly via affecting site-specific water physiochemical characteristics and plankton communities. However, such impact is highly dependent on chlorophyll a (Chl-a) concentration. The bioaccumulation of metal(loid)s in size-fractionated plankton declined significantly with increasing phytoplankton biomass when Chl-a was below ∼50 µg L-1, mainly owing to the reduced metal(loid) bioavailability and subsequent bioaccumulation at more productive sites (with elevated pH and dissolved organic carbon), rather than algal bloom dilution. To a lesser extent, phytoplankton growth dilution and the smaller body-size of zooplankton at more productive sites also contributed to the lower metal(loid) bioaccumulation. The bioaccumulation of metal(loid)s was enhanced under severe algal bloom conditions (when Chl-a concentration was higher than ∼50 µg L-1). Although the underlying mechanisms still require further investigations, the potential risks of metal(loid) bioaccumulation under severe algal bloom conditions deserve special attention.

14.
Adv Mater ; : e2206364, 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120802

RESUMO

Solar thermoelectric devices play a significant role in handling the global warming problem, owing to its unique feature of converting both waste heat and solar energy directly into electricity. Herein, we design a flexible three-dimensional Janus helical ribbon architecture starting from well-aligned tellurium (Te) nanowire film, using an in-situ redox process reacting with Ag+ and Cu2+ resulting in the n-type, p-type, and photothermal sides in one film. Remarkably, the device shows all-day electricity generation and large temperature gradient by coupling cold side with passive radiative cooling technique and hot side with selective solar absorption technique, showing a temperature gradient of 29.5 K which is much higher than previously reported devices under low solar radiation of only 614 W m-2 . Interestingly, the device can still generate electricity even at night. The present designed strategy offers a new way for heat management by efficiently utilizing solar energy and the cold of the universe. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

15.
Org Lett ; 24(36): 6625-6630, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054498

RESUMO

We report here the selective incorporations of nitroso species into a wide range of proteins targeting lysine residue(s). The corresponding azo functionalities were formed in a highly selective manner with excellent yields, displaying rather good stability under physiological conditions. Furthermore, the azodation proceeded smoothly in high yields on targeted peptides. Fluorescent and/or dual fluorescent labeling of varied proteins following this protocol have been determined efficiently and selectively. With this established protocol, we aim to determine its usage in the evaluation of the interaction of prenylated proteins with their interacted enzyme(s) via FRET assays. Delightedly, chemically modified proteins with a 1-pyrenyl fluorophore through 254 nm UV irradiation and the sequential azodation and click reaction of protein prenyl functionality, which enable the incorporation of naphthene, indeed increase the fluorescence energy transferred since we observed significantly enhanced absorption located at 218 nm in lysed HEK293T cells and a clearly strengthened greenish fluorescence in living HEK293T cells.


Assuntos
Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Lisina , Química Click , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Peptídeos , Proteínas
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063700

RESUMO

Chronic heart failure (CHF) is the end stage of many severe heart diseases. Fuzi decoction (FZD) originates from Zhang Zhongjing's Treatise on Febrile Diseases and is widely used in the treatment of CHF in the clinic, but the potential mechanism of FZD in CHF is unclear. In this study, an integrated approach combining network pharmacology and metabolomics was adopted to explore the mechanism of FZD in CHF. Network pharmacological studies indicated that the most significant signaling pathway was the HIF-1 signaling pathway. Untargeted metabolomics indicated abnormalities in serum metabolism in CHF rats, and FZD treatment significantly improved the metabolic abnormalities and altered the levels of 30 metabolites. A pathway enrichment analysis showed that FZD was mainly involved in glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis, ß-alanine metabolism, pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism and other metabolic pathways. A correlation analysis showed that pyruvate and lactate were strongly correlated with the heart failure index, and a targeted metabolomics study showed that FZD restored the balance of the pyruvate-lactate axis that was disrupted due to CHF. Therefore, the mechanism of FZD against CHF may be related to regulate HIF-1 signaling pathway, pyruvate-lactate axis and glycine, serine and threonine metabolism.

18.
Front Genet ; 13: 990344, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118855

RESUMO

Peroxidase (PXDN), a specific extracellular matrix (ECM)-associated protein, has been determined as a tumor indicator and therapeutic target in various tumors. However, the effects of PXDN in prognostic performance and clinical implications in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remains unknown. Here, we assessed PXDN expression pattern and its performance on prognosis among GBM cases from TCGA and CGGA databases. PXDN was up-regulated within GBM samples in comparison with normal control. High PXDN expression was a dismal prognostic indicator in GBM. Single cell RNA analysis was conducted to detect the cell localization of PXDN. We also set up a PPI network to explore the interacting protein associated with PXDN, including TSKU, COL4A1 and COL5A1. Consistently, functional enrichment analysis revealed that several cancer hallmarks were enriched in the GBM cases with high PXDN expression, such as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), fatty acid metabolism, glycolysis, hypoxia, inflammatory response, and Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway. Next, this study analyzed the association of PXDN expression and immunocyte infiltration. PXDN expression was in direct proportion to the infiltrating degrees of NK cells resting, T cells regulatory, M0 macrophage, monocytes and eosinophils. The roles of PXDN on immunity were further estimated by PXDN-associated immunomodulators. In addition, four prognosis-related lncRNAs co-expressed with PXDN were identified. Finally, we observed that PXDN depletion inhibits GBM cell proliferation and migration by in vitro experiments. Our data suggested that PXDN has the potential to be a powerful prognostic biomarker, which might offer a basis for developing therapeutic targets for GBM.

19.
Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 15: 1717-1726, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119760

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the environmental, immune, and inflammatory factors associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in middle-aged and older Chinese individuals. Patients and Methods: A community-based case-control study was conducted among 471 patients with COPD and 485 controls. The information on COPD of the participants was collected through face-to-face interviews, and serum samples were measured at the laboratory. The main risk factors for COPD were analyzed using principal component analysis (PCA) and logistic regression. Results: Nine hundred and fifty-six respondents were included in the analysis. The results of the PCA-logistic regression analysis showed significant differences in the environmental factors, medical history, and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels between patients and controls. COPD was markedly more usual in those with smoking index >200 (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.28-1.57); exposure to outdoor straw burning (OR, 1.64; 95% CI, 1.47-1.83); use of coal, wood, and straw indoors (OR, 2.31; 95% CI, 1.92-2.78); history of respiratory disease and coronary heart disease (OR, 3.58; 95% CI, 3.12-4.10), congestive heart failure (OR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.09-1.38), and cerebrovascular disease (OR, 1.15; 95% CI,1.02-1.31); and higher serum level of CRP (OR, 1.20; 95% CI, 1.11-1.30). Compared to the logistic regression analysis, PCA logistic regression analysis identified more important risk factors for COPD. Conclusion: PCA-logistic regression analysis was first utilized to explore the influencing factors among rural residents in Northeast China Environmental aged 40 years and above, it was found that environmental factors, medical history, and serum CRP levels mainly affected the prevalence of COPD.

20.
ACS Omega ; 7(36): 31744-31755, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120004

RESUMO

Flexible microfluidic chips have good application prospects in situations with easy bending and complex curvature. An important factor affecting the flexible microfluidic chip is its structural complexity. For example, the hybrid chip includes flow channels, mixing chambers, and one-way valves. How to achieve the same function with as few structures as possible has become an important research topic at present. In this paper, a Tesla valve micromixer with unidirectional flow characteristics is presented. A passive laminar flow Tesla valve micromixer is fabricated through 3D printing technology and limonene dissolution method. The main process is as follows: First of all, high impact polystyrene (HIPS) material was employed to make the Tesla valve channel mold. Second, the channel mold was dissolved in the limonene solvent. The mold of Tesla micromixer is made of HIPS material, the mixing experiment displace that the Tesla valve micromixer is characterized by unidirectional flow compared with the common T-shaped planar channel. At the same time, the 5-AAC Tesla valve micromixer can increase the mixing efficiency to 87%. By using four different groove structures and different flow rates of the mixing effect experiment, the conclusion is that the mixing efficiency of the 6-AAC Tesla valve micromixer is up to 0.89 when the flow rate is 2 mL/min. The results manifest that the Tesla valve structure can effectively improve the mixing efficiency.

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