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1.
Food Chem ; 304: 125425, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476549

RESUMO

Ceramide 2-aminoethylphosphonate (CAEP) is a type of phosphonosphingolipids with potential trophic activity. In this work, complicated CAEP species from different aquatic products were comprehensively identified and semi-quantified by utilizing normal phase liquid chromatography/Q-Exactive mass spectrometry (NPLC/Q-Exactive-MS). We elucidated the fragment schemes of CAEP molecules and found the presence of methylated CAEP (Me-CAEP) species. Remarkably, quantitative results revealed that Loligo chinensis had the highest CAEP content of 4.9 ±â€¯0.4 mg/g dry weight and the most complex molecular species composition, whereas Asterias amurenis had the lowest CAEP content of 1.9 ±â€¯0.6 mg/g dry weight. The most common molecule was CAEP (d19:3-16:0). Additionally, statistical analysis revealed that five aquatic products can be effectively distinguished from their CAEP species; thus, CAEP molecules can play an important role in identifying processed products from aquatic products.

2.
Talanta ; 207: 120261, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594567

RESUMO

Significant progress on circulating tumor cells (CTCs) has profound impact for noninvasive tumor profiling including early diagnosis, treatment monitoring, and metastasis recognition. Therefore, CTCs based liquid biopsy technology is taking a rapid growth in the field of precision oncology. The label-free approaches relied on microfluidic chip stand out from a crowd of methods that suffer from time consuming, extensive blood samples, lost target cells and labor-intensive operation. In this paper, a label-free separation microfluidic device was developed using multistage channel, which took full advantage of inertial lift force. Our strategy demonstrated CTCs were efficiently isolated from untreated human blood samples including antibody conjugation and erythrocyte lysis. This device was applied for isolating human brain malignant glioma cells that were spiked in human peripheral blood samples. The experimental condition was optimized and exhibited an average separation efficiency of ≥ 90% across cell morphological analysis, up to 84.96% purity of collected CTCs and the viability of all cells is >95%, which was better than other one-step CTCs separation methods. Furthermore, the CTCs were successfully separated from untreated clinical blood sample of cancer patient on the proposed microfluidic device. The entire experimental procedures are extremely low-cost and easy manipulation. It is believed that the proposed multistage microfluidic chip can become a promising tool for CTCs separation and early diagnosis of cancer.

3.
Talanta ; 207: 120292, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594617

RESUMO

12CaO·7Al2O3 (C12A7) single crystal had extraordinary application in optical field, owing to its special structure. Here, Yb3+ and Er3+ co-doped C12A7 single crystal (Er3+/Yb3+/C12A7) were prepared by Czochralski method. XRD patterns of C12A7 single crystal performed a single diffraction peak, indicating that pure single structure was achieved. With over-stoichiometric ratio, infrared absorption spectrum had two peaks between 600 cm-1 and 850 cm-1, which belonged to the frame structure of C12A7 single crystal. The band gap of Er3+/Yb3+/C12A7 single crystal was 4.25 eV, which reduced the temperature quenching of Ln3+ ions. Raman scattering spectra showed that the highest phonon energy of C12A7 single crystal was about 880 cm-1, which was beneficial for upconversion emission. The temperature sensitivity coefficient of Er3+/Yb3+/C12A7 polycrystal and single-crystal were 1124.81 and 1122.69 range from 373 K to 573 K, respectively. Compared with polycrystal, sensitivity coefficient of Er3+/Yb3+/C12A7 single crystal increased. Moreover, absolute sensitivity (SA) of single crystal of Er3+/Yb3+/C12A7 increased with the increasing of temperature, suggesting single crystal was suitable for detecting high temperature.

4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 558: 211-219, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586740

RESUMO

Porous interconnected carbon nanosheets (PICNs) with high electrochemical performance were prepared by doping urea and a co-hydrothermal precursor derived from soybean stalk (SS) and nickel nitrate. The specific surface area and average pore diameter of the as-synthesized PICNs are 2226.29 m2 g-1 and 1.89 nm, and their N and O contents are 5.08% and 9.4%, respectively, which is beneficial for increasing pseudocapacitance. Furthermore, the doping of the metal Ni increases the graphitization degree of the PICNs and promotes the conversion of pyridine-N to graphitized-N. Therefore, the PICNs possess a high specific capacitance of 407 F g-1 at a current density of 0.5 A g-1, a high capacitance retention of 78.62% even at 20 A g-1, and an outstanding cycling stability (over 93% retention rate after 10,000 charge/discharge cycles). Moreover, an energy density of 36.11 W h kg-1 is achieved at a power density of 517.8 W kg-1 during a two-electrode system test, and a retention rate of 87.5% is obtained after 10,000 cycles. This co-hydrothermal treatment as well as nitrogen-doping approach for preparing porous interconnected carbon from SS not only represents an alternative strategy for carbon-based supercapacitor materials but also provides a new option for the utilization of waste SS.

5.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(2): 869-879, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232473

RESUMO

Lack of dopamine production and neurodegeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra are considered as the major characteristics of Parkinson's disease, a prevalent movement disorder worldwide. DJ-1 mutation leading to loss of its protein functions is a genetic factor of PD. In this study, our results illustrated that DJ-1 can directly interact with Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase ß (CaMKKß) and modifies the cAMP-responsive element binding protein 1 (CREB1) activity, thus regulates tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) expression. In Dj-1 knockout mouse substantia nigra, the levels of TH and the phosphorylation of CREB1 Ser133 are significantly decreased. Moreover, Dj-1 deficiency suppresses the phosphorylation of CaMKIV (Thr196/200) and CREB1 (Ser133), subsequently inhibits TH expression in vitro. Furthermore, Knockdown of Creb1 abolishes the effects of DJ-1 on TH regulation. Our data reveal a novel pathway in which DJ-1 regulates CaMKKß/CaMKIV/CREB1 activities to facilitate TH expression.

7.
Chemosphere ; 241: 125073, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683423

RESUMO

Microcystin-leucine arginine (MC-LR) is a variant of microcystins (MCs), which poses a serious threat to the reproductive system. Histone acetylation modification can regulate the expressions of apoptosis-related genes. However the mechanisms of histone acetylation involving MC-LR-induced apoptosis were not understood. This study investigated the change of histone acetylation and its role in apoptosis and cell cycle arrest induced by MC-LR. MC-LR enhanced the activity of histone deacetylase (HDAC), decreased the activity of histone acetylase (HAT), up-regulated the expression of HDAC1, and down-regulated the expressions of Ac-H3 and Ac-H4 in vitro and vivo. Meanwhile, MC-LR induced testicular tissue injury and increased the expressions of apoptosis-related genes, such as Bax, Caspase3 and Caspase8, ultimately causing cells apoptosis in testicular tissues. Furthermore, MC-LR also induced cell cycle arrest in S phase, increased the expression of P21Wif1/Cip1, and inhibited the expressions of cyclinD1, cyclinE1, CDK2 and E2F1. Importantly, HDAC inhibitor Trichostatin A (TSA) could ameliorate MC-LR-induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest by reverse-regulating the expressions of these proteins. These results indicated that MC-LR could activate the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway and disorder the cell cycle pathway to induce the cell apoptosis by enhancing HDAC activity and reducing histone acetylation of normal testicular cells in SD rats. Hence, histone acetylation has a vital function in MC-LR-induced apoptosis in SD rat testicular cells, which provides a new insight on the reproductive toxicity of male induced by MC-LR.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675331

RESUMO

Micro-appearance models offer state-of-the-art quality for cloth renderings. Unfortunately, they usually rely on 3D volumes or fiber meshes that are not only data-intensive but also expensive to render. Traditional surface-based models, on the other hand, are light-weight and fast to render but normally lack the fidelity and details important for design and prototyping applications. We introduce a multi-scale, hybrid model to bridge this gap for thin fabrics. Our model enjoys both the compactness and speedy rendering offered by traditional surface-based models and the rich details provided by the micro-appearance models. Further, we propose a new algorithm to convert state-of-the-art micro-appearance models into our representation while qualitatively preserving the detailed appearance. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our technique by integrating it into a real-time rendering system.

10.
J Bacteriol ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712277

RESUMO

The Haloarcula species H. marismortui and H. hispanica were found to grow on D-ribose, D-xylose and L-arabinose. Here we report the discovery of a novel promiscuous oxidative pathway of pentose degradation based on genome analyses, identification and characterization of enzymes, transcriptional analyses and growth experiments with knock out mutants. Together, the data indicate that in Haloarcula D-ribose, D-xylose and L-arabinose were degraded to α-ketoglutarate involving the following enzymes: (i) a promiscuous pentose dehydrogenase catalyzed the oxidation of D-ribose, D-xylose and L-arabinose. (ii) a promiscuous pentonolactonase is involved in the hydrolysis of ribonolactone, xylonolactone and arabinolactone. (iii) a highly specific dehydratase, ribonate dehydratase, catalyzed the dehydration of ribonate, and a second enzyme, a promiscuous xylonate/gluconate dehydratase, was involved in the conversion of xylonate, arabinonate and gluconate. Phylogenetic analyses indicated that the highly specific ribonate dehydratase constitutes a novel sugar acid dehydratase family within the enolase superfamily. (iv) Finally, 2-keto-3-deoxypentonate dehydratase and α-ketoglutarate semialdehyde dehydrogenase catalyzed the conversion of 2-keto-3-deoxypentanonate to α-ketoglutarate via α-ketoglutarate semialdehyde.We conclude that the expanded substrate specificity of the pentose dehydrogenase and pentonolactonase towards D-ribose and ribonolactone, respectively and the presence of a highly specific ribonate dehydratase are prerequisites of the oxidative degradation of D-ribose in Haloarcula This is the first characterization of an oxidative degradation pathway of D-ribose to α-ketoglutarate in archaea.Importance The utilization and degradation of D-ribose in archaea, the third domain of life, has not been analyzed so far. We show that Haloarcula species utilize D-ribose which is degraded to α-ketoglutarate via a novel oxidative pathway. Evidence is presented that the oxidative degradation of D-ribose involves novel promiscuous enzymes, pentose dehydrogenase and pentonolactonase, and a novel sugar acid dehydratase highly specific for ribonate. This is the first report of an oxidative degradation pathway of D-ribose in archaea, which differs from the canonical non-oxidative pathway of D-ribose degradation reported for most bacteria. The data contribute to our understanding of the unusual sugar degradation pathways and enzymes in archaea.

11.
Pflugers Arch ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713764

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is endogenously produced in pancreatic ß cells and its level is elevated in diabetes. Here, we report that H2S affects insulin secretion via two mechanisms that converge on cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i), a key mediator of insulin exocytosis. Cellular calcium imaging, using Fura-2 or Fluo-4, showed that exposure of INS-1E cells to H2S (30-100 µM) reduced both [Ca2+]i levels (by 21.7 ± 2.3%) and oscillation frequency (p < 0.01, n = 4). Consistent with a role of plasma membrane KATP channels (plasma-KATP), the effects of H2S on [Ca2+]i were blocked by gliclazide (a blocker of plasma-KATP channels), but were mimicked by diazoxide (an activator of plasma-KATP channels). Surprisingly, when Ca2+ entry via plasma membrane was inhibited using Ca2+-free external solutions, H2S increased [Ca2+]i by 39.7 ± 3.6% suggesting Ca2+ release from intracellular stores. H2S-induced [Ca2+]i increases were abolished by either FCCP (which depletes Ca2+ stored in mitochondria) or cyclosporine A (an inhibitor of mitochondrial permeability transition pore, mPTP) suggesting that H2S induces Ca2+ release from mitochondria. Measurement of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) suggested that H2S causes MMP depolarization, which was blocked by cyclosporine A. Finally, insulin measurements by ELISA indicated that H2S decreased insulin release from INS-1E cells, but after plasma membrane Ca2+ entry was blocked by nifedipine, H2S-induced mitochondrial Ca2+ release is able to increase insulin release. Together, our results indicate that H2S has dual effects on insulin release suggesting that, with different metabolic conditions, H2S may differentially modulate the insulin release from pancreatic ß cells and play a role in ß cell dysfunction.

12.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 14(1): 191, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mild preoperative renal dysfunction (RD) is not rare in patients receiving isolated cardiopulmonary coronary artery bypass grafting (CCABG). However, there are not too many studies about the impact of mild preoperative RD on in-hospital and follow-up outcomes after isolated CCABG. This single-centre, retrospective propensity score matching study designed to study the impact of mild preoperative RD on in-hospital and long-term outcomes after first isolated CCABG. METHODS: After propensity score matching, 1144 patients with preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of more than 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 receiving first isolated CCABG surgery from January 2012 to December 2015 entered the study, who were divided into 2 groups: A group (eGFR ≥90 ml/min/1.73 m2, n = 572) and B group (eGFR of 60-89 ml/min/1.73 m2, n = 572). The in-hospital and long-term outcomes were recorded and analyzed. The mean follow-up time was 54.4 ± 10.7 months. Acute kidney injury (AKI) was defined and classified according to the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) criteria. RESULTS: The 2 propensity score-matched groups had similar baseline and procedure except the baseline eGFR. There were 8 patients died in A group (mortality is 1.4%) and 14 died in B group (mortality is 2.5%) during the in hospital and 30-day postoperatively(χ2 = 1.159, p = 0.282). There were totally 38 patients lost to follow-up, 18 in group A and 20 in group B. 21 patients died in group A and 37 died in group B during the follow-up, and long-term survival in group A was higher than in group B (96.2% vs 93.1%, χ2 = 4.336, p = 0.037). Comparing with group A, group B was associated with an increased rates and severity of AKI postoperatively (total AKI: 62 vs 144. AKIN stageI: 54 vs 113; AKIN stageII: 6 vs 22; AKIN stageIII: 2 vs 9, p<0.0001). During follow-up, group B also had a higher rate of new onset of dialysis (0 vs 6, χ2 = 4.432, p = 0.039). Multivariable logistic regression showed that comparing with A group, the HR for long-term mortality and new onset of dialysis in B group was 1.67 and 1.52 respectively (95%CI 1.09-2.90, p = 0.035; 95%CI 1.14-2.49, p = 0.027). CONCLUSIONS: Comparing with normal preoperative renal function, patients with mild preoperative RD had a similar in-hosptial mortality, but with an increased in-hosptial rates and severity of AKI, and with a decreased long-term survival and increased long-term new onset of dialysis.

14.
JAMA Oncol ; : 1-8, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697308

RESUMO

Importance: Multiple immunostimulatory agonist antibodies have been clinically tested in solid tumors to evaluate the role of targeting glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-related protein in anticancer treatments. Objective: To evaluate the safety and activity of the fully human glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor-related protein agonist IgG1 monoclonal antibody BMS-986156 with or without nivolumab in patients with advanced solid tumors. Design, Setting, and Participants: This global, open-label, phase 1/2a study of BMS-986156 with or without nivolumab enrolled 292 patients 18 years or older with advanced solid tumors and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 1 or less. Prior checkpoint inhibitor therapy was allowed. Monotherapy and combination dose-escalation cohorts ran concurrently to guide expansion doses beginning October 16, 2015; the study is ongoing. Interventions: The protein agonist BMS-986156 was administered intravenously at a dose of 10, 30, 100, 240, or 800 mg every 2 weeks as monotherapy, and in the combination group 30, 100, 240, or 800 mg plus 240 mg of nivolumab every 2 weeks; same-dose cohorts were pooled for analysis. One cohort also received 480 mg of BMS-986156 plus 480 mg of nivolumab every 4 weeks. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end points were safety, tolerability, and dose-limiting toxic effects. Additional end points included antitumor activity per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, version 1.1, and exploratory biomarker analyses. Results: With a follow-up range of 1.4 to 101.7 weeks (follow-up ongoing), 34 patients (16 women and 18 men; median age, 56.6 years [range, 28-75 years]) received monotherapy (4 patients completed initial treatment), and 258 patients (140 women and 118 men; median age, 60 years [range, 21-87 years]) received combination therapy (65 patients completed initial treatment). No grade 3 to 5 treatment-related adverse events occurred with BMS-986156 monotherapy; grade 3 to 4 treatment-related adverse events occurred in 24 patients (9.3%) receiving BMS-986156 plus nivolumab, with no grade 5 treatment-related adverse events. One dose-limiting toxic effect (grade 4 elevated creatine phosphokinase levels) occurred in a patient receiving 800 mg of BMS-986156 plus 240 mg of nivolumab every 2 weeks; BMS-986156 with or without nivolumab exhibited linear pharmacokinetics with dose-related increase after a single dose. Peripheral T-cell and natural killer-cell proliferation increased after administration of BMS-986156 with or without nivolumab. No consistent and significant modulation of intratumoral CD8+ T cells and FoxP3+ regulatory T cells was observed. No responses were seen with BMS-986156 alone; objective response rates ranged from 0% to 11.1% (1 of 9) across combination therapy cohorts, with a few responses observed in patients previously treated with anti-programmed death receptor (ligand) 1 therapy. Conclusions and Relevance: Based on this cohort, BMS-986156 appears to have had a manageable safety profile, and BMS-986156 plus nivolumab demonstrated safety and efficacy comparable to historical data reported for nivolumab monotherapy. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02598960.

15.
Environ Toxicol ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691492

RESUMO

Microcystin-leucine arginine (MC-LR) is a cyclic heptapeptide, produced by aquatic cyanobacteria such as microcystis, with strong reproductive toxicity which poses greater threat to the reproductive abilities of humans and animals. By exploring the role of trimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 4 (H3K4me3) and the role of oxidative stress in MC-LR-induced apoptosis in testicular Sertoli cells in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, this study indicated that MC-LR increased the expression levels of apoptosis-related genes by raising the levels of H3K4me3. 5'-Deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA), the inhibitor of H3K4me3, reduced apoptosis, indicating for the first time that epigenetic modification is closely related to the testicular reproductive toxicity induced by MC-LR. MC-LR also induced oxidative stress by stimulating the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and subsequently triggering mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathway by decreasing mitochondrial membrane potential and increasing the levels of Bax, Bcl-2, Caspase-3, and so on. MC-LR-induced apoptosis of testicular cells could be decreased after pretreatment with oxidative stress inhibitor N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC). Furthermore, the pathological damage to mitochondria and testes were observed in SD rats. These results show that MC-LR can induce apoptosis by raising the levels of H3K4me3, and pretreatment with MTA can ameliorate the MC-LR-induced apoptosis of cocultured cells by lowering the levels of H3K4me3. Furthermore, NAC has a protective effect on MC-LR-induced apoptosis of testicular cells in SD rats by inhibiting the oxidative stress.

16.
Bioinformatics ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693067

RESUMO

A critical aspect for exploring the biological function of a microRNA (miRNA) lies on exact detection and validation of its target mRNAs. However, no convenient and efficient web-based server is available for plant biologists to identify the experimentally verified target mRNAs of miRNAs. In this work, we built a comprehensive web-based platform for miRNA-target analysis, named as Whole-degradome-based Plant MiRNA-target Interaction Analysis Server (WPMIAS), for validation of predicted interactions of miRNAs and their target mRNAs (MTIs) by user-submitted data or all available pre-loaded degradome data. Besides, the server can construct degradome-based miRNA regulatory networks (MRNs) based on the validated MTIs to help study the functions and relations among miRNAs and target mRNAs. WPMIAS is also suitable for other small RNAs (sRNAs), such as 21-nt phased siRNAs (phasiRNAs) and natural antisense siRNAs (nat-siRNAs), which direct cleavage of target mRNAs. Currently, WPMIAS supports 64 plant species with ∼200 cDNA libraries and 274 pre-loaded plant degradome datasets. The user can identify all validated MTIs by analyzing all degradome data at a time and understand when and where MTIs take place and their cleavage levels. With the data obtained from WPMIAS, the user can build a plant miRNA-target map, where it is convenient to find interesting research ideas on miRNAs. In summary, WPMIAS is able to support a comprehensive web-based plant miRNA-target analysis and expected to greatly promote future research on plant miRNAs. AVAILABILITY: It can be freely accessed at https://cbi.njau.edu.cn/WPMIAS/. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

17.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 4213623, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687389

RESUMO

Background. To clarify the efficacy of hepatectomy for gastric cancer liver metastasis (GCLM) and to investigate the association between prognostic nutrition index (PNI) or neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and prognosis of GCLM undergoing or without hepatectomy. Methods. We retrospectively studied 374 patients with GCLM. The ROC curve was used to determine the optimal cut-off of PNI and NLR. Patients were divided into groups based on whether hepatectomy was performed, and survival analysis was conducted before and after grouping. The overall survival (OS) time and 1, 3, 5-year survival rates were also compared. Results. Multivariate analysis of all GCLM patients revealed that hepatectomy (p = 0.001) was an independent prognosis factor. And there were statistical differences in OS and 1, 3, 5-year survival rates (p = 0.001 of all) between hepatectomy group and nonhepatectomy group. Multivariate analysis of GCLM undergoing hepatectomy showed that PNI was an independent prognosis factor (p = 0.001). And there were statistical differences in OS and 1, 3, 5-year survival rates (p = 0.001p = 0.005, p = 0.001 and p = 0.020, respectively) between high PNI group and low PNI group. Multivariate analysis of GCLM without hepatectomy showed that NLR was an independent prognosis factor (p = 0.001). And there were statistical differences in OS and 1, 3, 5-year survival rates (p = 0.001p = 0.008p = 0.031 and p = 0.026, respectively) between low NLR group and high NLR group. Conclusions. GCLM has a better prognosis with hepatectomy. High preoperative PNI is a benign prognostic predictor for patients undergoing hepatectomy. And high preoperative NLR is an adverse prognostic factor for patients without hepatectomy.

19.
Molecules ; 24(22)2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703370

RESUMO

As our ongoing research project on Ban Lan Gen (Isatis tinctoria roots), a total of 23 alkaloids were obtained. Compounds 1 and 2 contain an unusual C-C bond between the 2(1H)-quinolinone moiety and the phenol moiety and between the 2(1H)-quinolinone moiety and the 1H-indole moiety, respectively. Compound 3 possesses an unusual carbon skeleton and its putative biosynthetic pathway was discussed, and Compound 23 was deduced as a new indole alkaloid glycoside. Compounds 4-7 were identified as four new natural products by extensive spectroscopic experiments. Additionally, the anti-inflammatory activity was assessed based on nitric oxide (NO) production using Lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages. Compounds 9, 15, and 17 showed inhibitory effects with IC50 values of 1.2, 5.0, and 74.4 µM.

20.
Environ Pollut ; : 113543, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753634

RESUMO

Aquaculture can affect the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and mercury (Hg) in fish by altering their diet. Here, planktivorous (silver carp and bighead carp), omnivorous and carnivorous fish with different dietary strategies were selected from two reservoirs, one with on-going aquaculture (WJD) and another without aquaculture (HF) in Southwest China. We compared the total mercury (THg), methylmercury (MeHg) contents and PUFA profiles of fish and their potential diets in these two reservoirs. THg and MeHg contents in omnivorous and carnivorous fish were lower from the WJD Reservoir, which is related to the lower THg and MeHg contents in the artificial fish food. THg and MeHg contents in silver carp from the WJD Reservoir were lower than those from the HF Reservoir, while they were similar in bighead carps from the two reservoirs. The Hg variation in planktivorous fish were inconsistent with that in plankton. THg contents in phyto- and zooplankton from the HF Reservoir were higher than those from the WJD Reservoir, yet their MeHg contents were similar. Artificial fish food which contained higher total PUFA eicosapentaenoic (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), significantly increased the total PUFA and EPA + DHA contents in carnivorous fish, but had less effect on that in omnivorous fish from the WJD Reservoir. Eutrophication caused by aquaculture reduced total PUFA and EPA + DHA contents of plankton in WJD, yet did not reduce those in planktivorous fish. The impacts of aquaculture on Hg and PUFA accumulated in fish were varied among different fish species, and the mechanism needs further exploration.

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