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1.
Food Chem ; 401: 134218, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115235

RESUMO

In this work, CPP-Ca chelate was synthesized by chelating casein phosphopeptide (CPP) and calcium and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The antioxidant activity and calcium holding capacity of CPP-Ca were evaluated and its secondary structure transition was monitored during gastrointestinal digestion by in situ Raman spectroscopy. The results demonstrated that calcium chelating rate reached 40 % and calcium ion was bound to CPP mainly through the interaction of carboxyl and amino groups. The result of calcium holding capacity confirmed the formation of calcium phosphate precipitates could be delayed by 10-15 min with increasing CPP concentration. In vitro simulated digestion revealed CPP-Ca exhibited excellent calcium solubility and its secondary structural changes occurred, especially α-helix and ß-sheet content. These findings provided significant insights into enhancing bioavailability of calcium supplements and developing of calcium functional foods for human and animals.


Assuntos
Caseínas , Fosfopeptídeos , Animais , Humanos , Caseínas/química , Cálcio/química , Antioxidantes , Cálcio na Dieta , Fosfatos de Cálcio , Digestão
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 858(Pt 3): 160149, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372161

RESUMO

Compare to the content of Cr(VI), the distribution of specific Cr(VI) species in soil is rarely paid attention to, which may lead to an inaccurate environmental risk assessment of Cr(VI) contaminated soil or inability to meet stringent requirement for soil remediation. Herein, to reveal the primary mechanisms and factors controlling the evolution of Cr(VI) species in soil, the distribution of Cr(VI) and Cr(III) species in soils with different particle sizes and textures was systematically investigated by using a modified sequential extraction procedure and spectroscopy characterizations (e.g., SEM-EDS mapping). The results show that a significant proportion of Cr(VI) can be captured by minerals containing exchangeable calcium ions and metal oxide hydrates in the soil, forming a relatively stable adsorbed Cr(VI). Also, a small fraction of Cr(VI) can precipitate as calcium chromate with free calcium ion which is the most stable Cr(VI) species in the soil. The majority of Cr(VI) discharged into soil tends to be reduced by ferrous ions or minerals containing ferrous ions with a product of Fe(III)-Cr(III) coprecipitate. Therefore, the speciation of Cr in the soil is closely correlated to Fe and Ca. After the equilibrium of adsorption, precipitation, and reduction reactions of Cr(VI), the rest of Cr(VI) retains as the form of its original water-soluble state in soil. The evolution of Cr(VI) species and the content of specific Cr species in soil are mainly determined by the contents of iron, exchangeable calcium ions and metal oxide hydrates, which effect the Cr(VI) reduction, precipitation and adsorption, respectively.

3.
Appl Bionics Biomech ; 2022: 1748233, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36324632

RESUMO

Background: Endotracheal intubation is a widely used treatment. Excessive pressure of the endotracheal tube cuff leads to a series of complications. Here, we used tracheae of sheep to analyze the relationship between the air injection volume and endotracheal tube cuff pressure so as to guide the doctors and nurses in controlling the pressure of the endotracheal tube cuff during clinical work and minimise the risk of complications. Materials and Methods: Forty sheep tracheae were utilised and were divided into five groups according to their diameters. Different sizes of endotracheal tubes were inserted into each trachea, and the cuff pressure with the increase of air injection volume was recorded. The formulas that reflect the relationship between air injection volume and cuff pressure were obtained. Then, sheep tracheae were randomly selected; different types of tubes were inserted, and the stipulated volume of air was injected. The actual pressure was measured and compared with the pressure predicted from the formulas. Statistical analysis was conducted to verify whether the formulas obtained from the first part of the experiment were in accordance with the expert evaluation table, which consists of opinions of several experts. Results: After obtaining 15 formulas, we collected the differences between the theoretical cuff pressure and the actual cuff pressure that satisfied the expert evaluation. Relying on the formulas, the medical turntable was obtained, which is a tool that consists of two round cards with data on them. The top card has a notch. The two cards are stacked together, and as the top card rotates, the data on the bottom card can be easily seen in a one-to-one relationship. Conclusion: The formulas are capable of showing the relationship between the cuff air injection volume and pressure of endotracheal tube cuff. The medical turntable can estimate the air injection volume to ensure that the pressure stays in an acceptable range.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308438

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a group of life-threatening autoimmune diseases. Inhibitors of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) are a class of molecules engaged in cell death and inflammation, interventions of which are proven effective in a number of inflammatory diseases. Here we tested whether targeting IAPs could ameliorate AAV and explored the potential mechanism. METHODS: We collected 19 kidney specimens from patients with myeloperoxidase (MPO)-AAV to investigate the expression of IAPs. The IAPs pan-inhibitor SM164 was used to treat the experimental autoimmune vasculitis (EAV) rat model of AAV. RNA sequencing of renal cortex and enrichment analysis were developed to interpret gene expression. Functional experiments were performed to investigate the role of SM164 on neutrophils and endothelial cells. RESULTS: The expressions of three IAPs (cIAP1, cIAP2 and XIAP) were upregulated in kidneys of AAV patients compared with normal controls. SM164 dramatically reduced renal injury in EAV rats. Transcriptomic analysis revealed prominent alterations in fatty acid oxidation and respiratory burst following SM164 treatment. Functional studies demonstrated that SM164 inhibited neutrophil activation induced by MPO-ANCA positive IgG or serum from MPO-AAV patients, and such inhibitory effect was abolished by gene silencing or pharmacological inhibition of fatty acid oxidation. SM164 also inhibited the adhesion of neutrophils to endothelial cells with little effect on the endothelial injury induced by serum from MPO-AAV patients. CONCLUSION: Inhibition of IAPs with SM164 played a protective role in AAV through enhancing intracellular fatty acid oxidation in neutrophils.

5.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2022: 2353-2356, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36086446

RESUMO

Electrical motor cortex stimulation (EMCS) has been used for Parkinson's Disease (PD) treatment. Some studies found that distinct cell types might lead to selective effects. As the largest subgroup of interneurons, Parvalbumin (PV) neurons have been reported to be involved in the mechanisms of therapeutic efficacy for PD treatment. However, little is known about their responses to the EMCS. In this study, we used in-vivo two-photon imaging to record calcium activities of PV neurons (specific type) and all neurons (non-specific type) in layer 2/3 primary motor cortex (MI) during EMCS with various stimulus parameters. We found PV neurons displayed different profiles of activation property compared to all neurons. The cathodal polarity preference of PV neurons decreased at a high-frequency stimulus. The calcium transients of PV neurons generated by EMCS trended to be with large amplitude and short active duration. The optimal activation frequency of PV neurons is higher than that of all neurons. These results improved our understanding of the selective effects of EMCS on specific cell types, which could bring more effective stimulation protocols for PD treatment.


Assuntos
Córtex Motor , Parvalbuminas , Cálcio/metabolismo , Interneurônios/metabolismo , Neurônios/fisiologia , Parvalbuminas/metabolismo
6.
Waste Manag ; 153: 1-12, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36029532

RESUMO

The traditional hydrometallurgical process is the mainstream technology to recover precious metals from e-waste, which usually adopts strong acid/base and strong oxide with high environmental cost and energy consumption. In the present study, the selective extraction of precious metals was simulated and experimented with DMF as the solvent and Cl- ions provided by CaCl2 and CuCl2 (oxidizing agent). The leaching and precipitation rates of precious metals (Au, Ag, Pd) can reach more than 98% under optimization conditions. Kinetic data shows that the control model of the leaching process on precious metals was determined by linear fitting of the shrinkage model. The complex trace precious metals were extracted selectively using dimethylglyoxime and deionized water as precipitators by the leaching-precipitation-cycle method. Meanwhile, the waste liquid produced by this reaction process could be cyclically utilized. Furthermore, the leaching mechanism of precious metals was proposed. DMF could be complexed with the metals as well as coordination ions (Cl-), which can reduce the redox potentials. Cu(II) could be easily reduced to Cu(I) in the DMF system due to the higher second ionization energy of copper, which is not influenced by the hydration effect, thus shifting the equilibrium to the metal leach side. Oppositely, the addition of water promoted the conversion of Cu(I) to Cu(II) since the higher hydration energy of Cu(II) compensates for the second ionization energy. This research opens up a new path of sustainable development and provides basic theory and practical experience for environmentally friendly recovery of precious metals from e-waste.


Assuntos
Resíduo Eletrônico , Oligoelementos , Cloreto de Cálcio , Cobre , Metais , Oxidantes , Óxidos , Reciclagem , Solventes , Água
7.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 11(8)2022 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36009204

RESUMO

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation with lysophospholipids (LPLs) on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, nitrogen utilization, and blood metabolites of finishing beef cattle. In total, 40 Angus beef bulls were blocked for body weight (447 ± 9.64 kg) and age (420 ± 6.1 days) and randomly assigned to one of four treatments (10 beef cattle per treatment): (1) control (CON; basal diet); (2) LLPL (CON supplemented with 0.012% dietary LPL, dry matter (DM) basis); (3) MLPL (CON supplemented with 0.024% dietary LPL, DM basis); and (4) HLPL (CON supplemented with 0.048% dietary LPLs, DM basis). The results showed that dietary supplementation with LPLs linearly increased the average daily gain (p < 0.01), digestibility of DM (p < 0.01), crude protein (p < 0.01), and ether extract (p < 0.01) and decreased the feed conversion ratio (p < 0.01). A linear increase in N retention (p = 0.01) and a decrease in urinary (p = 0.04) and fecal N (p = 0.02) levels were observed with increasing the supplemental doses of LPLs. Bulls fed LPLs showed a linear increase in glutathione peroxidase (p = 0.04) and hepatic lipase (p < 0.01) activity and a decrease in cholesterol (p < 0.01), triglyceride (p < 0.01), and malondialdehyde (p < 0.01) levels. In conclusion, supplementation with LPLs has the potential to improve the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and antioxidant status of beef cattle.

8.
Front Oncol ; 12: 899966, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35936686

RESUMO

Objective: We aimed to investigate the cost-effectiveness of nivolumab plus chemotherapy and nivolumab plus ipilimumab versus chemotherapy in the first-line treatment for advanced esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients from a healthcare system perspective in China. Methods: On the basis of the CheckMate 648 trial, a partitioned survival model was constructed to estimate economic costs and health outcomes among overall and PD-L1-positive advanced ESCC patients over a 10-year lifetime horizon. The health-related costs and utilities were obtained from the local charges and published literature. The lifetime costs, life-years, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) were measured. One-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses (PSA) were performed to assess the robustness of the model. Results: In the base-case analysis, in overall and PD-L1-positive advanced ESCC patients, the ICERs were $415,163.81/QALY and $216,628.00/QALY for nivolumab plus chemotherapy, and$430,704.11/QALY and $185,483.94/QALY for nivolumab plus ipilimumab, respectively, compared with chemotherapy. One-way sensitivity analyses revealed that patients' weight was the most influential parameter on ICER. The PSA demonstrated that the probability of nivolumab combination therapy being cost-effective was 0% over chemotherapy at the current price and willingness-to-pay threshold ($38,351.20/QALY). When the price of nivolumab and ipilimumab decreased 80%, the cost-effective probability of nivolumab plus ipilimumab increased to 40.44% and 86.38% in overall and PD-L1-positive advanced ESCC patients, respectively. Conclusion: Nivolumab combination therapy could improve survival time and health benefits over chemotherapy for advanced ESCC patients, but it is unlikely to be a cost-effective treatment option in China.

9.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 910466, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35959371

RESUMO

Oncolytic viruses have been emerging as a promising therapeutic option for cancer patients, including lung cancer. Orf virus (ORFV), a DNA parapoxvirus, can infect its natural ungulate hosts and transmit into humans. Moreover, the ORFV has advantages of low toxicity, high targeted, self-amplification and can induce potent Th1-like immunity. This study explored the therapeutic potential of ORFV infection for human lung cancer therapy and investigated the molecular mechanisms. We used a previously described ORFV NA1/11 strain and tested the oncolysis of ORFV NA1/11 in two lines of lung cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Treatment of both cell lines with ORFV NA1/11 resulted in a decrease in cell viability by inducing cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase, suppressing cyclin B1 expression and increasing their apoptosis in a caspase-dependent manner. The ORFV NA1/11-infected lung cancer cells were highly immunogenic. Evidently, ORFV NA1/11 infection of lung cancer cells induced oncolysis of tumor cells to release danger-associated molecular patterns, and promoted dendritic cell maturation, and CD8 T cell infiltration in the tumors by enhancing CXCL16 secretion. These findings may help to understand the molecular mechanisms of ORFV oncolysis and aid in the development of novel therapies for lung cancer.


Assuntos
Ectima Contagioso , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Vírus do Orf , Animais , Apoptose , Quimiocina CXCL16 , Humanos , Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Vírus do Orf/genética , Ovinos
10.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 927369, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35942114

RESUMO

An experiment was conducted to investigate the influences of supplemental lysophospholipids (LPL) on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and fecal bacterial profile, and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) of beef cattle. Thirty-six Angus beef cattle [565 ± 10.25 kg body weight (BW)] were grouped by BW and age, and randomly allocated to 1 of 3 treatment groups: (1) control (CON, basal diet); (2) LLPL [CON supplemented with 0.5 g/kg LPL, dry matter (DM) basis]; and (3) HLPL (CON supplemented with 0.75 g/kg, DM basis). The Angus cattle were fed a total mixed ration that consisted of 25% roughage and 75% concentrate (dry matter [DM] basis). The results reveal that LPL inclusion linearly increased the average daily gain (P = 0.02) and the feed efficiency (ADG/feed intake, P = 0.02), while quadratically increasing the final weight (P = 0.02) of the beef cattle. Compared with CON, the total tract digestibilities of DM (P < 0.01), ether extract (P = 0.04) and crude protein (P < 0.01) were increased with LPL supplementation. At the phylum-level, the relative abundance of Firmicutes (P = 0.05) and ratio of Firmicutes: Bacteroidetes (P = 0.04) were linearly increased, while the relative abundances of Bacteroidetes (P = 0.04) and Proteobacteria (P < 0.01) were linearly decreased with increasing LPL inclusion. At the genus-level, the relative abundances of Clostridium (P < 0.01) and Roseburia (P < 0.01) were quadratically increased, and the relative abundances of Ruminococcus was linearly increased (P < 0.01) with LPL supplementation. Additionally, increasing the dose of LPL in diets linearly increased the molar proportion of butyrate (P < 0.01) and total SCFAs (P = 0.01) concentrations. A conclusion was drawn that, as a promising feed additive, LPL promoted growth performance and nutrient digestibility, which may be associated with the change of fecal microbiome and SCFAs.

11.
Chin J Physiol ; 65(3): 136-142, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35775532

RESUMO

Coumarin has a variety of biological activities and widely exists in plants. Biscoumarin, derived from coumarin, their synthetic methods and bioactivities of biscoumarins is the hotspot of the current research. In this study, we evaluated for the first time the anticancer of a synthetic biscoumarin (3,3'-(4-chlorophenyl)methylene)bis(4-hydroxy-2H-chromen-2-one, C3) on lung cancer cells and explored the related mechanism. C3 was simply prepared by 4-hydroxycoumarin and 4-chlorobenzaldehyde under ethanol. The structure of C3 was elucidated by various spectroscopic analyses. The antiproliferation effect of C3 was evaluated by the cell counting kit-8 assay. Cell cycle and apoptosis analysis were detected by flow cytometry. The expression of correlated proteins was determined using Western blotting. The result showed that C3 displayed a strong cytostatic effect on Lewis lung cancer (LLC) cells. C3 inhibited the proliferation of LLC cells, and induced G2/M phase cell cycle arrest. In addition, C3 possessed a significant reduction on cell apoptosis by increasing of RIP1 expression. Our data showed that C3 suppresses lung cancer cell proliferation and induces cell apoptosis, which is possibly involved with the RIP1.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Apoptose , Ciclo Celular , Proliferação de Células , Cumarínicos/farmacologia , Cumarínicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo
12.
Microbiol Spectr ; 10(4): e0154522, 2022 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35856669

RESUMO

Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) is one of the most common pathogens causing nosocomial infection. A rapid, accurate, and convenient detection method is required for early diagnosis and directed therapy of K. pneumoniae infection. CRISPR-top (CRISPR-mediated testing in one pot) is a LAMP-CRISPR-based nucleic acid detection platform, which integrates target preamplification with CRISPR/Cas12b-based detection into a one-pot reaction mixture, performed at a constant temperature. In this study, we established the K. pneumoniae CRISPR-top assay to precisely identify K. pneumoniae at 56°C within 60 min. The reaction mixture with 0.53 µM (each) FIP and BIP, 0.27 µM LF, 0.13 µM (each) F3 and B3, and 2 µM ssDNA fluorescence probe was determined as the optimal reaction system of our assay. The limit of detection of this assay is 1 pg genomic DNA (equivalent to 160 K. pneumoniae cells and 1.6 × 105 CFU/mL for samples) per reaction, which is 10-fold more sensitive than LAMP. Up to 105 strains composed of K. pneumoniae clinical isolates and non-K. pneumoniae strains were correctly identified by our assay. A total of 58 sputum samples collected from patients with respiratory symptoms were used to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the K. pneumoniae CRISPR-top assay. As a result, the K. pneumoniae CRISPR-top assay yielded 100% (33/33) specificity and 96% (24/25) sensitivity, as well as a positive predictive value of 100% (24/24) and a negative predictive value of 97.1% (33/34), which were all higher than LAMP detection. In conclusion, the K. pneumoniae CRISPR-top assay developed in this study is a simple, rapid and ultra-specific method to detect K. pneumoniae. IMPORTANCE Klebsiella pneumoniae is a significant threat to global health. At present, the methods of K. pneumoniae detection are culture-based and instrument-dependent and are not suitable for rapid diagnostic. This study reports K. pneumoniae CRISPR-top assay, which can precisely identify K. pneumoniae using nucleic acids of pure cultures or clinical samples in one pot with one fluid-handling step. The K. pneumoniae CRISPR-top reaction can be completed within 60 min at a constant temperature, thus specific instruments are not required. Our results show that CRISPR-top assay yields enormous advantages compared with LAMP detection. The K. pneumoniae CRISPR-top assay can be a high-efficiency alternative tool for rapid and accurate diagnosis of K. pneumoniae infection, especially in resource-limited settings.


Assuntos
Klebsiella pneumoniae , Humanos , Klebsiella pneumoniae/genética
13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(29): 9073-9083, 2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35844180

RESUMO

Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) catalyzes the binding of acyl-CoA to diacylglycerol to form triacylglycerol (TAG). Previous studies strongly indicate that DGAT2, rather than DGAT1, is crucial for TAG accumulation in the oleaginous fungus Mucor circinelloides. To increase the lipid content of M. circinelloides WJ11, McDGAT2 was overexpressed by homologous recombination; compared to the control strain Mc2075, transformants McDGAT2d showed a significant increase in biomass for both spores and mycelia (from 87.7 to 101.2 mg/g in spores and from 75.6 to 93.1 mg/g in mycelia). McDGAT2 overexpression under static solid fermentation gave a greater boost to lipid accumulation in mycelia than in spores. Total fatty acid content in mycelia increased by 68.0% (from 13.6 to 22.8%) and in spores by 26.3% (from 10.6 to 13.4%). However, under submerged fermentation, the lipid content of McDGAT2d was the same as the control, while biomass was slightly reduced. Transcriptomics showed that NADPH was derived mainly from the pentose phosphate pathway, acetyl-CoA was from multiple pathways, and leucine metabolism played an important role in substrate supply for fatty acid biosynthesis. Static solid fermentation may be the more suitable fermentation method for microbial oil production by filamentous fungi due to its lower fermentation costs.


Assuntos
Diacilglicerol O-Aciltransferase , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Diacilglicerol O-Aciltransferase/genética , Diacilglicerol O-Aciltransferase/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Mucor/química , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo
14.
Environ Res ; 214(Pt 1): 113780, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35779620

RESUMO

Iron-based catalysts have been demonstrated to activate peroxymonosulfate (PMS) to generate reactive radicals, which is however limited by their complex preparation process, high costs and inefficiency for practical applications. Herein we obtain spent LiFePO4 (SLFP), with powerful catalytic capacity by a simple one-step treatment of the retired LiFePO4 cathode material, for PMS activation to decontaminate organic pollutants. Lithium defects and oxygen vacancies in SLFP play critical roles for PMS utilization, further confirmed by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. SLFP materials rapidly adsorb PMS, and the surface PMS is activated by Fe(II) to generate radicals, with •OH playing a major role for the degradation of organics after multi-step reactions. The SLFP/PMS process is finally validated for ability to remove organic contaminants and potential environmental application.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Compostos de Ferro/química , Compostos de Lítio/química , Fosfatos/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Oxirredução , Peróxidos , Água
15.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 769813, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35783659

RESUMO

Background: Increasing studies demonstrated the importance of activation of neutrophils in the pathogenesis of antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). Previous studies showed that annexin A1 (ANXA1) inhibited the recruitment, transendothelial migration and respiratory burst of neutrophils and induced apoptosis of neutrophils. The current study aimed to investigate the plasma and renal levels of ANXA1 as well as their association with the disease severity in AAV patients. Methods: Thirty-one AAV patients in active stage and 35 AAV patients in remission stage were recruited. The expression of ANXA1 in renal specimens was assessed by immunohistochemistry. The co-localization of ANXA1 with renal intrinsic and infiltrating cells was detected by double immunofluorescence. The plasma levels of ANXA1 were determined by ELISA. The association of plasma and renal levels of ANXA1 with clinicopathological parameters was further analyzed. Results: Plasma levels of ANXA1 were significantly higher in active AAV patients than those in AAV patients in remission as well as healthy controls. The renal expression of ANXA1 was significantly higher in active AAV patients than in healthy controls and disease controls. Double immunofluorescence assay showed that ANXA1 was expressed in glomerular endothelial cells, mesangial cells, podocytes, proximal tubular epithelial cells, neutrophils, monocytes/macrophages and T cells in AAV patients. The mean optical density of ANXA1 in glomeruli was correlated with serum creatinine levels (r = -0.491, P = 0.005) and eGFR (r = 0.492, P = 0.005) at renal biopsy and the proportion of crescents (r = -0.423, P = 0.018) in renal specimens of AAV patients. The expression of ANXA1 in glomeruli of AAV patients achieving complete renal recovery was significantly higher than those achieving partial renal recovery. Conclusion: In AAV patients, the renal expression of ANXA1 was associated with the severity of renal injury.

16.
Waste Manag ; 150: 280-289, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35870363

RESUMO

Traditional acid-base leching technology is the primary technology to recycle silver from crystal silicon solar panels, which is fussy and often employs poisonous/harmful chemicals. In the present study, silver was easily recycled from photovoltaic panels in self-synthesized. Deep-Eutectic Solvents System (DESs) without pretreatments and the reaction system could be cyclically utilized. The leaching and precipitation rate can reach 99% under the optimized conditions. In addition, the kinetic results showed that the leaching of silver followed the classical shrinkage core model, in which chemical reaction was the rate-controlling step and the apparent activation energy for leaching process is 172.36 kJ·mol-1. In the recycling process, Cu2+ acted as the oxidant, and the redox potential of Cu2+ in the DES system is much higher than that in aqueous system. Besides, the HNMR and FTIR analysis indicate that the intermolecular hydrogen bond formed in the DES mixed system, which would raise the melting and boiling point of the mixed system, and would be conducive to the following silver leaching process. Furthermore, the metal complex generation mechanisms were proposed in the present study, and urea plays not only an aprotic solvent which cannot solvate Cl-, but also the ligand which can complex with the metals as well as Cl- which can reduce the redox potentials and shift the equilibrium to the silver leaching side. In summary, this study can provide theoretical foundation and practical experience for recycling precious metals from waste crystal silicon solar panels environmentally efficient and cost-effective.

17.
J Infect Chemother ; 28(9): 1329-1331, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35654720

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) sequence type 398 (ST398) has aroused great concern for its spread throughout the world. ST398 community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) has been given greater emphasis because of its high virulence and high probability of treatment failure. Herein, A 22-year-old male was admitted to our hospital with a history of fever, chest pain and dyspnea for 2 days. A chest CT scan showed infiltrative and nodular shadows. The sequence type of the isolates from blood culture was ST398, the virulence genes detected was PVL gene (lukS-PV and lukF-PV). Despite resuscitation efforts, he died of multiple organ failure on admission 3rd day. This is the first described case of severe pneumonia and sepsis due to hematogenous spread of scalp furuncles caused by Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) positive community-acquired methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (CA-MSSA) ST398 strains in an immunocompentent adult in mainland China. This report highlight the emergence CA-PVL-MSSA ST398 infection and its association with life-threatening infections. Early decolonization and identification of ST398 is critical. Severe skin and soft tissue infections should be suspected for ST398 PVL-MSSA.


Assuntos
Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Pneumonia , Sepse , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Adulto , Exotoxinas/genética , Humanos , Leucocidinas/genética , Masculino , Meticilina/uso terapêutico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Staphylococcus aureus , Adulto Jovem
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(11)2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682924

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified as key regulators of gene expression and participate in many vital physiological processes. Chromatin remodeling, being an important epigenetic modification, has been identified in many biological activities as well. However, the regulatory mechanism of lncRNA in chromatin remodeling remains unclear. In order to characterize the genome-wide lncRNA expression and their potential interacting factors during this process in Drosophila, we investigated the expression pattern of lncRNAs and mRNAs based on the transcriptome analyses and found significant differences between lncRNAs and mRNAs. Then, we performed TSA-FISH experiments of candidate lncRNAs and their potential interactors that have different functions in Drosophila embryos to determine their expression pattern. In addition, we also analyzed the expression of transposable elements (TEs) and their interactors to explore their expression in ISWI mutants. Our results provide a new perspective for understanding the possible regulatory mechanism of lncRNAs and TEs as well as their targets in chromatin remodeling.


Assuntos
RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Elementos de DNA Transponíveis/genética , Drosophila/genética , Drosophila/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética
19.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 126: 292-302, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35654387

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate protective effects of tree peony seed protein hydrolysate by Alcalase (AL-TPSPH) on oxidative damage, inflammation and apoptosis using Cd-induced zebrafish embryos. Zebrafish embryos were treated with either Cd (2 µg/L) or AL-TPSPH (25, 50 and 75 µg/mL) alone or in combination of both from 4 to 144 h post fertilization (hpf). The effects of these treatments on developments, antioxidant parameters and mRNA expression of genes related to oxidative damage, inflammation and apoptosis were examined. The results showed that co-treatment with Cd and AL-TPSPH significantly increased hatching and survival rates and decreased malformation rates of zebrafish embryos compared with Cd treatment alone group (P < 0.05). Cd-induced increase of MDA content, decreases of T-AOC content, GSH/GSSG ratio and activities of SOD, CAT and GPx in zebrafish embryos were modified upon treatment with AL-TPSPH. AL-TPSPH treatment significantly suppressed Cd-induced down-regulations of the antioxidant gene expressions (Mn-sod, Cat and GPx1a) in zebrafish embryos (P < 0.05). AL-TPSPH also prevented Cd-induced up-regulations of pro-inflammatory cytokine (TNF-α, IL-1ß and IFN-γ) expressions. Moreover, AL-TPSPH inhibited Cd-induced up-regulations of pro-apoptotic genes (C-jun, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9) in zebrafish embryos. Collectively, these results indicated that AL-TPSPH could reduce Cd-induced oxidative damage, inflammation and apoptosis in zebrafish embryos, suggesting its future applications as functional food or pharmaceutical ingredient.


Assuntos
Paeonia , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose , Cádmio/metabolismo , Embrião não Mamífero , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Paeonia/metabolismo , Hidrolisados de Proteína/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/genética
20.
Eur J Cancer ; 169: 188-197, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35588692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the KEYNOTE-158 study (NCT02628067), pembrolizumab showed a high objective response rate and durable clinical benefit for patients with previously treated, unresectable/metastatic microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H)/mismatch repair‒deficient (dMMR) non-colorectal solid tumours. We present health-related quality of life (HRQoL) results from the MSI-H/dMMR population (cohort K). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients had previously treated MSI-H/dMMR advanced non-colorectal solid tumours, measurable disease per RECIST v1.1, and ECOG performance status ≤1. Patients received pembrolizumab 200 mg Q3W for 35 cycles (2 years). The EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) and EQ-5D-3L were administered at baseline, at regular intervals throughout treatment, and 30 days after treatment discontinuation. Prespecified analyses (exploratory endpoints) included the magnitude of change from baseline to post-baseline timepoints in all patients and by the best overall response for QLQ-C30 global health status (GHS)/QoL, QLQ-C30 functional/symptom scales/items, and EQ-5D-3L visual analogue scale (VAS) score. RESULTS: At data cutoff (October 5, 2020), 351 patients were enrolled, of whom 311 and 315 completed baseline QLQ-C30 and EQ-5D-3L questionnaires, respectively. QLQ-C30 GHS/QoL scores improved from baseline to week 9 (mean [95% CI] change, 3.07 [0.19-5.94]), then remained stable or improved by week 111, with greater improvements observed in patients with a best response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) (10.85 [6.36-15.35]). Patients with CR/PR showed improvements in physical (5.58 [1.91-9.25]), role (9.88 [3.80-15.97]), emotional (5.62 [1.56-9.68]), and social (8.33 [2.70-13.97]) functioning, and stable cognitive functioning (1.74 [-1.45 to 4.94]). CONCLUSIONS: Pembrolizumab generally improved or preserved HRQoL in patients with previously treated MSI-H/dMMR advanced non-colorectal solid tumours.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Qualidade de Vida , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA , Humanos , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
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