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1.
Poult Sci ; 99(1): 454-462, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416830

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of different dietary zinc (Zn) levels on productive and reproductive performance, egg quality, tibial characteristics, plasma biochemical and antioxidant indices, and zinc deposition in laying duck breeders. A total of 504 Longyan duck breeders aged 21 wk were randomly allocated to 6 treatments and fed a basal diet (Zn, 27.7 mg/kg) or that basal diet supplemented with Zn (as ZnSO4·H2 O) at 10, 20, 40, 80, or 160 mg Zn per kg of feed for 20 wk. Each group had 6 replicates of 14 ducks each. Dietary Zn supplementation affected (P < 0.05) the egg production, FCR, and shell thickness of laying duck breeders from 21 to 40 wk, and there was a quadratic (P < 0.05) effect between them. Dietary Zn supplementation affected (P < 0.05) and quadratically (P < 0.001) increased the breaking strength, density, and dry defatted weight of tibias. Alkaline phosphatase, calcium, phosphorus, total superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and malondialdehyde (MDA) activities or content in plasma were affected (P < 0.05), and quadratically (P < 0.01) changed by dietary Zn levels. Dietary Zn supplementation affected (P < 0.01) and increased the Zn deposition in egg yolk (linear, P < 0.05; quadratic, P < 0.001) and tibia (linear, P < 0.05). The dietary Zn requirements, in mg/kg for a basal diet containing 27.7 mg/kg Zn, for Longyan duck breeders from 21 to 40 wk of age were estimated to be 65.4 for optimizing egg production, 68.6 for FCR, 102 for hatchling BW, 94.7 for eggshell thickness, 77.2 for tibial breaking strength, 81.4 for tibial density, 78.9 for tibial dry defatted weight, 69.5 for plasma GSH-Px activity, 72.4 for plasma MDA content, and 94.6 for Zn content in tibia. Overall, dietary Zn supplementation, up to 160 mg/kg feed, affected the productive performance, eggshell thickness, tibial characteristics, plasma antioxidant status, and Zn deposition of layer duck breeders. Supplementing this basal diet (27.7 mg/kg Zn) with 70 to 80 mg/kg additional Zn was adequate for laying duck breeders during the laying period.

2.
Animal ; : 1-9, 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367795

RESUMO

Ovarian follicle selection is a natural biological process in the pre-ovulatory hierarchy in birds that drives growing follicles to be selected within the ovulatory cycle. Follicle selection in birds is strictly regulated, involving signaling pathways mediated by dietary nutrients, gonadotrophic hormones and paracrine factors. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that dietary Ca may participate in regulating follicle selection in laying ducks through activating the signaling pathway of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)/protein kinase A (PKA)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), possibly mediated by gonadotrophic hormones. Female ducks at 22 weeks of age were initially fed one of two Ca-deficient diets (containing 1.8% or 0.38% Ca) or a Ca-adequate control diet (containing 3.6% Ca) for 67 days (depletion period), then all birds were fed the Ca-adequate diet for an additional 67 days (repletion period). Compared with the Ca-adequate control, ducks fed 0.38% Ca during the depletion period had significantly decreased (P < 0.05) numbers of hierarchical follicles and total ovarian weight, which were accompanied by reduced egg production. Plasma concentration of FSH was decreased by the diet containing 1.8% Ca but not by that containing 0.38%. The ovarian content of cAMP was increased with the two Ca-deficient diets, and phosphorylation of PKA and ERK1/2 was increased with 0.38% dietary Ca. Transcripts of ovarian estradiol receptor 2 and luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) were reduced in the ducks fed the two Ca-deficient diets (P < 0.05), while those of the ovarian follicle stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) were decreased in the ducks fed 0.38% Ca. The transcript abundance of ovary gap junction proteins, A1 and A4, was reduced with the Ca-deficient diets (P < 0.05). The down-regulation of gene expression of gap junction proteins and hormone receptors, the increased cAMP content and the suppressed hierarchical follicle numbers were reversed by repletion of dietary Ca. These results indicate that dietary Ca deficiency negatively affects follicle selection of laying ducks, independent of FSH, but probably by activating cAMP/PKA/ERK1/2 signaling pathway.

3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 194: 110404, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146197

RESUMO

Conversion of perfluoroalkyl acid (PFAA) precursors in the environment has been a hotspot research in recent years. This study firstly determined the spatial distribution of PFAAs and their precursors including 8:2 fluorotelomer unsaturated acid (8:2 FTUCA), perfluorooctane sulfoneamide (FOSA), and diperfluorooctane sulfonamido ethanol-based phosphate (di-SAmPAP), then investigated the conversion of the potential precursors in the seawater and sewage treatment plants (STPs) effluents. The results indicated that the target pollutants showed a typical concentration gradient from nearshore to offshore. And the obviously increased concentration of perfluorinated carboxylic acids (△[PFCAs]) after oxidation treatment can verify the existence of PFAA precursors in the seawater and STP effluents. The concentrations of PFCAs with carbon atom numbers 4-9 (PFCAC4-C9) revealed the most increase. Moreover, the levels of △[PFCAs] and the ratios of △[PFCAs] to their concentration before oxidation (△[PFCA]/[PFCA]before oxidation) indicated obvious spatial variations in the seawater and STP effluents. The higher levels of △[PFCAC4-C12] and the lower ratios of ∑△[PFCAC4-C12]/∑[PFAA]before oxidation were observed in the STP effluents, which implied that precursors might be decomposed during the sewage treatment process. These results suggested the STP effluents might have an important effect on the PFAAs levels of seawater.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32185923

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively evaluate the diagnostic value of variable-temperature and isothermal nucleic acid amplification techniques in the detection of schistosomiasis japonica using a meta-analysis. METHODS: The publications pertaining to the nucleic acid detection of schistosomiasis japonica were searched in electronic databases, including Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Data, PubMed and ScienceDirect, and the compilations and proceedings of schistosomiasis were manually searched. In addition, the citations of publications associated with the nucleic acid detection of schistosomiasis japonica were traced using a document tracing method. The retrieved literatures were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and data were extracted from the included literatures. The quality of the included literatures was assessed using the software RevMan version 5.3, and a meta-analysis was performed using the software MetaDiSc version 1.4. RESULTS: A total of 19 publications covering 24 groups of studies were enrolled, including 5 Chinese publications and 14 English publications. There were 17 groups of studies reporting the comparison between the variable-temperature nucleic acid amplification technique and the golden standard, and 7 groups of studies showing the comparison between the isothermal nucleic acid amplification technique and the golden standard. Assessment of the literature quality indicated a minor overall bias of the included literatures, and the Deek funnel plot showed a possible publication bias in the documents reports variable-temperature nucleic acid amplification techniques. There was a heterogeneity caused by non-threshold effect among the studies associated with the variable-temperature amplification technique, and the random effects model was therefore used to combine the effects. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of the variable-temperature amplification technique were 0.81 (0.79 to 0.83) and 0.73 (0.71 to 0.74) for the diagnosis of schistosomiasis japonica, and area under the SROC curve was 0.944 3. There was no heterogeneity among the studies associated with the isothermal amplification technique, and the fixed effects model was therefore used to combine the effects. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of the isothermal amplification technique were 0.96 (0.94 to 0.98) and 0.95 (0.94 to 0.97) for the diagnosis of schistosomiasis japonica, and area under the SROC curve was 0.989 9. CONCLUSIONS: Both variable-temperature and isothermal nucleic acid amplification techniques have a high efficiency for the diagnosis of schistosomiasis japonica, and the isothermal amplification technique shows a relatively higher accuracy than the variable-temperature amplification technique.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Esquistossomose Japônica , Humanos , Curva ROC , Esquistossomose Japônica/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(5): 459-462, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713371

RESUMO

The construction of Yangtze River Economic Belt has been included in the national strategy of China, aiming to improve the economic level of the whole population, and to build a green ecological corridor with the joint development of economy, balance, ecology and equity. Yangtze River Economic Belt is the main area where schistosomiasis is endemic. During the economic construction, the prevention and control of schistosomiasis should be strictly carried out to facilitate the progress towards schistosomiasis elimination in China. In this paper, the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in Yangtze River Economic Belt areas and the possible impact on the schistosomiasis control were analyzed. In addition, a few suggestions were proposed for schistosomiasis control in Yangtze River Economic Belt areas.


Assuntos
Economia , Rios , Esquistossomose , Animais , China , Ecologia , Humanos , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle , Caramujos
7.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(8): 615-623, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434454

RESUMO

Objective: To validate whether the prognostic stage groups by the 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system provides improved prognostic accuracy in T1-2N1M0 postmastectomy breast cancer patients compared to 7th edition. Methods: a total of 1 823 female patients with T1-2N1M0 breast cancer who underwent mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection without neoadjuvant chemotherapy were analyzed and restaged according to 8th edition. Univariate analysis of prognostic factors was evaluated by using log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was estimated by using the Cox proportional hazards model. The prognostic accuracy of the two staging systems was compared using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses and the concordance index (C-index). Results: 5-year locoregional recurrence rate (LRR) for the whole group was 6.0%, 5-year distant metastasis (DM) rate was 11.5%, 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 85.0%, and 5-year overall survival (OS) was 93.1%. Cox analysis showed that 7th edition of the AJCC staging system and progesterone receptor status were independent risk factors for LRR, DM, DFS and OS (P<0.05). Compared with stage by 7th edition, 1 278(70.1%) were assigned to a different prognostic stage group: 1 088 (85.1%) to a lower stage and 190 (14.9%) to a higher stage. LRR, DM, DFS and OS were significantly different between prognostic stage ⅠA, ⅠB, ⅡA, ⅡB and ⅢA according to 8th edition of the AJCC staging system(P<0.001). Prognostic stage had significantly higher C-indexes and provided better estimation of prognosis compared to stage by 7th edition of the AJCC staging system (P<0.001). Conclusion: The prognostic stage groups of 8th edition AJCC staging system has superior prognostic accuracy compared to 7th edition in T1-2N1M0 breast cancer, and has better clinical therapeutic guidance value.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estados Unidos
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(25): 1976-1980, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269604

RESUMO

Objective: Investigate the causes of poor prognosis of mechanical thrombectomy in the time window of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with anterior circulation. Methods: A retrospective analysis was made on the data of 78 patients with anterior circulation AIS who underwent mechanical thrombectomy in the time window from January 2017 to December 2017 in the Department of Vascular Neurosurgery of Liaocheng Brain Hospital. The modified Rankin scale (mRS) was used to evaluate the prognosis of the patients 3 months after operation. According to the prognosis,the patients were divided into the group with good prognosis (42 cases, mRS<2 points) and the group with poor prognosis (36 cases, mRS<3 points). Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the related factors of poor prognosis. Results: (1) Univariate analysis showed that the prognosis of patients with good combination and primary stenosis of diabetes mellitus and atherosclerosis was lower than that of patients with poor prognosis (P<0.05). The collateral circulation compensation rate and vascular recanalization rate of patients with good prognosis were higher than those of patients with poor prognosis (P<0.05). Learning significance (P<0.05). (2) Multivariate analysis showed that diabetes mellitus (P=0.035), collateral circulation compensation (P=0.011) and primary atherosclerotic stenosis (P=0.042) were independent risk factors for poor prognosis. Conclusion: Perfect preoperative evaluation and strict screening of patients, good collateral circulation compensation,individualized treatment for patients with primary atherosclerotic stenosis,and strict control of postoperative hyperglycemia can improve the clinical prognosis of endovascular therapy.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombectomia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 31(37): 375802, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163414

RESUMO

The Ising-like antiferromagnet α-CoV2O6 has received considerable interests because of stabilized 1/3 magnetization plateau around 5 K under magnetic field applied along magnetic easy c-axis. In this work, this magnetization plateau was studied by varying temperature or rotating magnetic field. As temperature decreased, this stabilized plateau collapsed, and additional magnetic transitions were observed. As a result, a rich magnetic phase diagram was constructed and extended to temperature lower than previously reported. When magnetic field moved from the c to b (or a) axis, the magnetization plateau developed with field directions and vanished finally when the field was restricted in the ab plane. An impressive observation is that this 1/3-plateau can be stabilized and remain robust even when magnetic field deviated from the c axis, accompanied by the evolutions of the magnetic moments and the critical transition fields. We suppose that the origins of these temperature and angular dependences of the 1/3 magnetization plateau are related to strong spin-orbital coupling. Indeed, electron spin resonance (ESR) measurement gives large Landé factor of 8.9, evidencing that there exists strong spin-orbital coupling.

10.
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(5): 458-460;463, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163558

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the diagnostic value of the 2015 American Thyroid Association(ATA) guidelines and the American College of Radiology Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System(ACR TI-RADS) classification for thyroid nodules. Method: Retrospective analysis of 340 cases of 386 thyroid nodules confirmed by surgery or pathology from November 2016 to November 2018 in Yan' an University Hospital was conducted, using 2015 ATA, ACR TI-RADS for classification. Histopathology or cytology was the gold standard, The receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was plotted, using χ test to compare the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of the two methods. Result: Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of ACR TI-RADS were 961%, 741%, 645%, 974%, 813%, respectively, and the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of the 2015 ATA guidelines was 937%, 733%, 632%, 960%, 801%,respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups. The area under ACR TI-RADS and 2015 ATA guide curve is 0851 and 0839, respectively. Conclusion: Both ACR TI-RADS and 2015 ATA guidelines have high diagnostic value. The two classification methods are equally effective in assessing the benign and malignant thyroid nodules.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia
11.
Biochemistry (Mosc) ; 84(6): 617-626, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238861

RESUMO

D-Galactose (D-Gal) promotes accumulation of reactive oxygen species and formation of advanced glycation end-products, ultimately resulting in oxidative stress. D-Gal has been widely used to induce accelerated aging in anti-aging medical research. Although thymic epithelial cells are particularly sensitive to oxidative stress, there are few reports on the thymus changes accompanying D-Gal-induced aging in mice. To study the effect of D-Gal on rodent thymus, we investigated the degree of thymus atrophy and changes in the atrophy relative index in C57BL/6J mice following subcutaneous injection of D-Gal at different doses (200, 500, 1000 mg/kg per day) for 60 days. Compared with the vehicle-treated (0.9% saline) and young controls, D-Gal at doses of 500 and 1000 mg/kg per day led to a significant thymic atrophy; the latter dose caused atrophy similar to that observed in naturally aged (18-20-month-old) mice. Mice treated with high-dose D-Gal exhibited greater immunosenescence, defective central immune tolerance, increased levels of activated splenic immune cell, and chronic low-grade inflammation, i.e., outcomes similar to those observed in natural aging in mice. Taken together, our results indicate that mice treated with high-dose D-Gal may be a valid model for studying induced thymic atrophy and effects of aging on the immune system.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Galactose/administração & dosagem , Tolerância Imunológica , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Galactose/farmacologia , Injeções Subcutâneas , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Timo/efeitos dos fármacos , Timo/patologia
12.
Animal ; 13(10): 2207-2215, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31062683

RESUMO

Optimizing the dietary calcium (Ca) level is essential to maximize the eggshell quality, egg production and bone formation in poultry. This study aimed to establish the Ca requirements of egg-type duck breeders from 23 to 57 weeks of age on egg production, eggshell, incubation, tibial, plasma and ovary-related indices, as well as the expression of matrix protein-related genes. Totally, 450 Longyan duck breeders aged 21 weeks of age were allotted randomly into five treatments, each with six replicates of 15 individually caged birds. The data collection started from 23 weeks of age and continued over the following 35 weeks. The five groups corresponded to five dietary treatments containing either 2.8%, 3.2%, 3.6%, 4.0% or 4.4% Ca. The tested dietary Ca levels increased (linear, P <0.01) egg production and egg mass, and linearly improved (P <0.01) the feed conversion ratio (FCR). Increasing the dietary Ca levels from 2.8% to 4.4% increased (P <0.01) the eggshell thickness and eggshell content. The tested Ca levels showed a quadratic effect on eggshell thickness and ovarian weight (P <0.01); the highest values were obtained with the Ca levels 4.0% and 3.6%, respectively. Dietary Ca levels affected the small yellow follicles (SYF) number and SYF weight/ovarian weight, and the linear response (P <0.01) was significant vis-à-vis SYF number. In addition, dietary Ca levels increased (P <0.05) the tibial dry weight, breaking strength, mineral density and ash content. Plasma and tibial phosphorus concentration exhibited a quadratic (P <0.01) response to dietary Ca levels. Plasma calcitonin concentration linearly (P <0.01) increased as dietary Ca levels increased. The relative expression of carbonic anhydrase 2 in the uterus rose (P <0.01) with the increment of dietary Ca levels, and the highest value was obtained with 3.2% Ca. In conclusion, Longyan duck breeders fed a diet with 4.0% Ca had superior eggshell and tibial quality, while those fed a diet with 3.6% Ca had the heaviest ovarian weights. The regression model indicated that the dietary Ca levels 3.86%, 3.48% and 4.00% are optimal levels to obtain maximum eggshell thickness, ovarian weight and tibial mineral density, respectively.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Cálcio na Dieta/análise , Patos/fisiologia , Reprodução , Animais , Cruzamento , Dieta/veterinária , Patos/genética , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Casca de Ovo/fisiologia , Feminino , Ovário/fisiologia , Óvulo/fisiologia , Fósforo/análise , Análise de Regressão , Tíbia/fisiologia
13.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 2945, 2019 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30814551

RESUMO

The chemical composition of the Gaoping River in Taiwan reflects the weathering of both silicate and carbonate rocks found in its metasedimentary catchment. Major dissolved ion chemistry and radiocarbon signatures of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) reveal the importance of pyrite-derived sulphuric acid weathering on silicates and carbonates. Two-thirds of the dissolved load of the Gaoping River derives from sulphuric acid-mediated weathering of rocks within its catchment. This is reflected in the lowest reported signatures DI14C for a small mountainous river (43 to 71 percent modern carbon), with rock-derived carbonate constituting a 14C-free DIC source. Using an inverse modelling approach integrating riverine major dissolved ion chemistry and DI14C, we provide quantitative constraints of mineral weathering pathways and calculate atmospheric CO2 fluxes resulting from the erosion of the Taiwan orogeny over geological timescales. The results reveal that weathering on Taiwan releases 0.31 ± 0.12 MtC/yr, which is offset by burial of terrestrial biospheric organic carbon in offshore sediments. The latter tips the balance with respect to the total CO2 budget of Taiwan such that the overall system acts as a net sink, with 0.24 ± 0.13 MtC/yr of atmospheric CO2 consumed over geological timescales.

14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(8): 599-604, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30818929

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the diagnosis of interferon gamma release assay (IGRA) combined with tumor marker carbohydrate antigen-125 (CA-125) in active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). Methods: One hundred and three patients with active PTB (48 definite and 55 clinical diagnosed), 646 patients with non-PTB pulmonary disease and 60 normal controls hospitalized in Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University between January 2014 and December 2016 were retrospectively investigated. Blood samples were collected to determine the IGRA and CA-125 level by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and electrochemiluminescence, respectively. The CA-125 level of patients with active PTB, non-PTB pulmonary disease and normal controls were compared. Subsequently, the best cut-off value of CA-125 for diagnosing PTB was calculated based on 60 active PTB cases and 60 normal controls. Methodological evaluation of IGRA, CA-125 and combination of these two tests (both positive) for active PTB diagnosing were performed based on 43 active PTB cases and all the non-PTB pulmonary disease cases. Results: The median values of CA-125 among definite and clinical diagnosis groups of active PTB were 55.00 (25.35, 156.90) U/ml and 81.50 (39.40, 138.00) U/ml, respectively. There was no difference between the two groups (U=1 093.00, P>0.05). And the CA-125 level of male and female PTB patients were also undifferentiated (U=1 124.00, P>0.05). There were statistically significant differences in CA-125 levels between the active PTB group and all other non-PTB groups (all P<0.001), including those who had ever closely contacted with TB patients. The area under the ROC curve constructed by CA-125 for diagnosing active PTB was 0.933. And the best cut-off value of CA-125 was 22.00 U/ml. Based on this cut-off value, the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of CA-125 for diagnosing active PTB were 70.5% (486/689), 86.0% (37/43) and 69.5% (449/646). The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of IGRA for diagnosing active PTB were 73.3% (480/689), 90.7% (39/43) and 68.3%(441/64). The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of IGRA combined with CA-125 for diagnosing active PTB were 90.6% (624/689), 76.7% (33/43), 91.5% (591/646). Both of the accuracy and the false positive ratio of this combinational method (8.5%, 55/646) were significantly lower than two indexes individually used (χ(2)=94.461, 88.261, P<0.001). However, the false negative ratio was increased to 23.3% (10/43) by combinational method. Conclusion: IGRA combined with CA-125 has a certain clinical value in diagnosis of active PTB, especially when the evidences of bacterial is not available.


Assuntos
Tuberculose Pulmonar , Feminino , Humanos , Interferon gama , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(2): 123-128, 2019 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30818940

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the value of fibrinogen to albumin ratio (FAR) at admission on predicting spontaneous recanalization of infarct-related artery (IRA) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: Clinical data from 255 acute STEMI patients ((61.1±11.2) years old, 189 males) who underwent emergency coronary angiography within 12 hours in our hospital from December 2015 to April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The acute STEMI patients were divided into non-spontaneous recanalization group (thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade 0-1, 203 cases) and spontaneous recanalization group (TIMI flow grade 2-3, 52 cases). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate related factors of IRA spontaneous recanalization. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the value of FAR in predicting spontaneous coronary recanalization. Results: There was no significant difference in age,gender, hypertension, diabetes, smoking,systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure,heart rate, duration of chest pain, type of infarction, infarct-related artery, door-to-balloon time, and drug used before admission between non-spontaneous recanalization group and spontaneous recanalization group (all P>0.05). The FAR and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels were significantly lower in the spontaneous recanalization group than in the non-spontaneous recanalization group (8.20±1.85 vs. 11.02±2.75, P<0.001; (6.87±3.36) g/L vs. (8.51±3.72) g/L, P=0.004). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that FAR (OR=0.492, 95%CI 0.354-0.686, P<0.001), serum uric acid (OR=0.994, 95%CI 0.989-0.999, P=0.018) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (OR=0.774, 95%CI 0.614-0.975, P=0.030) were independent negative correlation with spontaneous recanalization of infarct-related artery in patients with acute STEMI. The ROC curve showed that the area under the curve of FAR predicting spontaneous recanalization of infarct-related artery in patients with acute STEMI was 0.807 (95%CI 0.630-0.758, P<0.001), and the diagnostic threshold was 9.26, the sensitivity was 76.9%, the specificity was 75.9%. Conclusion: The level of admission FAR has certain predictive value for spontaneous recanalization of infarct-related arteries in patients with acute STEMI.


Assuntos
Albuminas , Fibrinogênio , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Idoso , Albuminas/análise , Angiografia Coronária , Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Infarto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Ácido Úrico
16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 164: 448-470, 2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30616053

RESUMO

Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3 (GSK-3) is a constitutively dynamic, omnipresent serine/threonine protein kinase regularly called as a "multitasking kinase" due to its pliable function in diverse signaling pathways. It exists in two isoforms i.e., GSK-3α and GSK-3ß. Inhibition of GSK-3 may be useful in curing various diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, type II diabetes, mood disorders, cancers, chronic inflammatory agents, stroke, bipolar disorders and so on, but the approach poses significant challenges. Lithium was the first GSK-3ß inhibitor to be used for therapeutic outcome and has been effectively used for many years. In recent years, a large number of structurally diverse potent GSK-3ß inhibitors are reported. The present review focuses on the recent developments in the area of medicinal chemistry to explore the diverse chemical structures of potent GSK-3ß inhibitors and also describes its structure-activity relationships (SAR) and molecular binding interactions of favorable applicability in various diseases.


Assuntos
Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(1): 56-62, 2019 Jan 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30678418

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical and prognostic differences between primary nasopharyngeal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (NP NKTCL) and extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma of the nasal cavity with nasopharynx extension (N-NP NKTCL). Methods: A total of 89 patients with NP NKTCL and 113 patients with N-NP NKTCL from January 2000 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical and pathological features, treatment responses and prognosis were compared between the two groups. Results: NP NKTCL patients showed similar clinicopathological features with those with N-NP NKTCL, except that the former had a relative low proportion of elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels (28.1% vs. 41.6%; P=0.001). Both of two groups presented with high proportion of cervical lymph node involvement (55.1% and 42.5%; P=0.076). The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates in these two groups were 63.2% and 54.6%, respectively, whereas 5-year progress-free survival (PFS) rates were 50.7% and 45.6%, respectively. For the patients with stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ, the 5-year OS and PFS rates in these two groups were 68.8% and 55.7% as well as 55.6% and 47.2%, respectively. These were no statistically significant differences between two groups (all P>0.05). The complete response (CR) rate after initial chemotherapy in NP NKTCL group was 43.8%, which was significant higher than that of 19.6% in N-NP NKTCL group (P=0.006). Additionally, the CR rate after primary radiotherapy was 63.4% and 62.7%, respectively (P=0.629). The NP NKTCL patients with stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ who accepted radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy had similar survival times with chemotherapy alone, showing the 5-year OS rates of 70.5% and 33.3% (P=0.238), as well as the 5-year PFS rates of 56.7% and 33.3%, respectively (P=0.431). Similar results were found in N-NP NKTCL group, the 5-year OS rates for patients with radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy and chemotherapy alone were 57.4% and 33.3% (P=0.246), while the 5-year PFS rates were 49.3% and 16.7% (P=0.177), respectively. Besides, the relapse pattern of NP NKTCL and N-NP NKTCL groups was also similar, mainly involving the distant extra-nodal organs followed by lymph nodes. Conclusion: The patients with N-NP NKTCL and NP NKTCL showed similar clinical and prognostic features, however, the initial response to chemotherapy was different.


Assuntos
Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Cavidade Nasal , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Neoplasias Nasais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/enzimologia , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/mortalidade , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Nasais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasais/enzimologia , Neoplasias Nasais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasais/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; 38(1): 65-81, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29792338

RESUMO

It is known that women develop alcoholic liver injury more rapidly and have a lower alcohol toxic threshold than men. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms remain unclear. The precise mechanism responsible for the sex difference needs to be determined. Female and male mice were given ethanol by intragastric infusion every day for 4 weeks. The pathological changes were detected by hematoxylin-eosin, Sirius red, oil red O, periodic acid-Schiff, and Hochest33258 staining in the liver of female and male mice. The related gene and protein expression of hepatocytes stress, proliferation and apoptosis, glycogen synthesis, lipid metabolism, and hepatic fibrosis were also systematically analyzed in the female and male mice. Livers from ethanol-treated female mice had more serious hepatocyte necrosis, liver fibrosis ( P < 0.01), substantial micro/macrovesicular steatosis ( p < 0.01), glycogen consumption ( p < 0.05), and hepatocytes apoptosis ( p < 0.05) than ethanol-treated male mice. The expression of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27), HSP70, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, B-cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 (Bcl-2), and phosphorylated signal transducer and activators of transcription 3 (p-STAT3) was higher in ethanol-treated male mice than ethanol-treated female mice ( P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). But, the expression of Bax (Bcl-2-associated X protein), Caspase 3, CYP2E1 (cytochrome P4502E1), and transforming growth factor ßl had the contrary results. Our study suggested that ethanol treatment induced more expression of HSP27 and HSP70, faster hepatocyte proliferation, higher level of glycogen, and interleukin-6 signaling pathway activation, but less hepatocyte apoptosis and CYP2E1 expression in male mice than female mice, which could be helpful to understand the molecular mechanism for the influence of sex difference on alcoholic liver injury.


Assuntos
Etanol/toxicidade , Fígado Gorduroso Alcoólico/metabolismo , Caracteres Sexuais , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Citocromo P-450 CYP2E1/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso Alcoólico/patologia , Feminino , Glicogênio/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP27/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
19.
Br J Anaesth ; 122(1): 141-149, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30579393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that dexmedetomidine has a protective effect against local anaesthetic-induced nerve injury in regional nerve blocks. Whether this potentially protective effect exists in the context of diabetes mellitus is unknown. METHODS: A diabetic state was established in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. Injections of ropivacaine 0.5%, dexmedetomidine 20 µg kg-1 (alone and in combination), or normal saline (all in 0.2 ml) were made around the sciatic nerve in control and diabetic rats (n=8 per group). The duration of sensory and motor nerve block and the motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) were determined. Sciatic nerves were harvested at post-injection day 7 and assessed with light and electron microscopy or used for pro-inflammatory cytokine measurements. RESULTS: Ropivacaine and dexmedetomidine alone or in combination did not produce nerve fibre damage in control non-diabetic rats. In diabetic rats, ropivacaine induced significant nerve fibre damage, which was enhanced by dexmedetomidine. This manifested with slowed MNCV, decreased axon density, and decreased ratio of inner to outer diameter of the myelin sheath (G ratio). Demyelination, axon disappearance, and empty vacuoles were also found using electron microscopy. An associated increase in nerve interleukin-1ß and tumour necrosis factor-α was also seen. CONCLUSIONS: Ropivacaine 0.5% causes significant sciatic nerve injury in diabetic rats that is greatly potentiated by high-dose dexmedetomidine. Although the dose of dexmedetomidine used in this study is considerably higher than that used in clinical practice, our data suggest that further studies to assess ropivacaine (alone and in combination with dexmedetomidine) use for peripheral nerve blockade in diabetic patients are warranted.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Locais/toxicidade , Dexmedetomidina/toxicidade , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/induzido quimicamente , Ropivacaina/toxicidade , Nervo Isquiático/efeitos dos fármacos , Adjuvantes Anestésicos/toxicidade , Animais , Citocinas/biossíntese , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/fisiopatologia , Neuropatias Diabéticas/etiologia , Neuropatias Diabéticas/fisiopatologia , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Bloqueio Nervoso/efeitos adversos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Condução Nervosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/etiologia , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/fisiopatologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Nervo Isquiático/lesões
20.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(8): 619-625, 2018 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30139034

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the overall efficacy of early breast cancer after breast-conserving treatment. To analyze risk factors affecting local regional recurrence (LRR), distant metastasis (DM) and survival. Methods: 1 791 breast cancer patients treated with breast-conserving surgery were retrospectively analyzed. The inclusion criteria were pathologic diagnosis of invasive breast cancer without supraclavicular and internal mammary node metastasis, T1-2N0-3M0, and no neoadjuvant therapy. Univariate analysis of survival was performed by Kaplan-Meier method and log rank test. Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: The median follow-up time was 4.2 years. For all patients, the 5-year LRR, DM, disease-free survival(DFS) and overall survival(OS) rates were 3.6%, 4.6%, 93.0% and 97.4%, respectively. The LRR rates of patients with Luminal A, Luminal B1, Luminal B2, HER-2 over-expressed and triple-negative breast cancer were 2.0%, 6.1%, 5.9%, 0 and 10.0%, while the DM rates were 3.2%, 6.7%, 8.3%, 4.8% and 7.3%, respectively. Among the N0 patients, axillary dissection was performed in 689 cases and sentinel lymph node biopsy in 652 cases. The 5-year LRR rates were 3.3% and 3.2% (P=0.859), and the OS rates were 98.2% and 98.3% (P=0.311) respectively, which showed no statistically significant. There were 1 576 patients that underwent postoperative radiotherapy. Postoperative radiotherapy significantly reduced the 5-year LRR compared with surgery alone (2.5% vs 12.9%). The 5-year LRR rates of patients who received conventional fractionated radiotherapy and hypo-fractionated radiotherapy were 2.7% and 3.1%, respectively. But the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.870). Multivariate analysis showed that age, lymphovascular invasion, pathological T staging, postoperative radiotherapy, ER/PR status and endocrine therapy were independent factors of LRR in breast cancer patients (all P<0.05). Histological grade and pathological N staging were independent factors of DM (all P<0.05). The age, lymphovascular invasion, pathological T and N staging, postoperative radiotherapy, ER/PR status and endocrine therapy were independent factors for DFS (all P<0.05). Histological grade, pathological N staging, ER/PR status and endocrine therapy were factors for OS (all P<0.05). Conclusions: With contemporary standard treatment, the recurrence rate of early breast cancer after breast conserving treatment is less than 10%. Node-negative patients after sentinel lymph node biopsy did not need axillary dissection. The overall utilization of radiotherapy after breast conserving surgery is satisfactory. Hypofractionated radiotherapy is as effective as conventional fractionated radiotherapy. Local regional recurrence and distant metastasis have different risk factors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia Segmentar/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Excisão de Linfonodo , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Fatores de Tempo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/radioterapia
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