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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 23150, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848811

RESUMO

Valproic acid is an anticonvulsant, which is also widely used for treating psychiatric disorders. Some clinical trials have demonstrated benefits of valproic acid augmentation therapy in schizophrenia. Interindividual variability in valproic acid dose and serum concentration may reflect functional consequences of genetic polymorphisms in genes encoding drug-metabolizing enzymes. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between serum concentrations of valproic acid and single nucleotide polymorphisms of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 gene in patients with schizophrenia. All patients had been receiving fixed dose of valproic acid for at least 2 weeks. The daily doses were 0.5-1.5 g. No other drugs except olanzapine were coadministered. Serum concentrations of valproic acid were measured using the ultra-high performance liquid chromatography method with mass-spectrometric detection. The CYP2C19 (CYP2C19*2 G681A rs4244285 and CYP2C19*3 G636A rs4986893) genotypes were identified by real-time PCR analyses. The mean concentration/dose ratios of valproic acid were significantly higher in patients with CYP2C19 *1/*2 genotype (P < 0.01) or CYP2C19 *2/*3 genotype (P < 0.01) than in those with CYP2C12 *1/*1 genotype. The mean concentration/dose ratios of valproic acid were significantly higher in patients with 1 (P < 0.01) or 2 (P < 0.01) mutated alleles for CYP2C19 than in those without mutated alleles. And the post hoc analysis revealed that the result has acceptable statistical (power (1 - ß) = 0.8486 at type I level of 0.05) to support the observed significant associations for CYP2C19 SNPs and serum C/D ratios of valproic acid. The findings of this study suggest that the genetic polymorphisms of CYP2C19 significantly affect the steady-state serum concentrations of valproic acid in Chinese Han population. The determination of the CYP2C19 genotypes may be useful for dosing adjustment in schizophrenia patients on valproic acid therapy.

2.
Poult Sci ; 101(1): 101574, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852313

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of selenium (Se) supplementation in maternal and offspring diets on performance and antioxidant capacity of ducklings aged from 0 to 2 wk. A total of 144 female Longyan duck breeders aged 22-wk were allotted into 2 treatments and fed a control diet or a 0.16 mg Se/kg supplemented diet. At 40-wk, 120 offspring from each treatment were divided into 2 groups, with 6 replicates of 10 birds. Using a 2 × 2 factorial design, ducklings from each maternal dietary treatment were assigned to a control diet or a 0.16 mg Se/kg supplemented diet from hatch to 2-wk. Compared with Se-deficient diet, maternal diet supplemented with 0.16 mg Se/kg increased the BW of hatchlings (P < 0.01). There were interactions between maternal and progeny diet with 0.16 mg Se/kg in BW of ducklings aged 2 wk and BW gain (BWG) as ducklings from maternal Se/progeny none treatment had the lightest BW and BWG (P < 0.01). Maternal diet with 0.16 mg Se/kg decreased plasma concentration of uric acid and insulin-like growth factor 1 (P < 0.01), and progeny diet supplemented with 0.16 mg Se/kg increased the activities of glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPx3) in plasma and glutathione peroxidase 1 in erythrocyte (P < 0.01). Maternal diet with 0.16 mg Se/kg increased (P < 0.05) the hepatic activity of total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD). Progeny diet supplemented with 0.16 mg Se/kg increased (P < 0.01) hepatic activity of GPx3 and decreased (P < 0.01) the hepatic concentration of malondialdehyde. Interactions were detected between maternal and progeny diet with 0.16 mg Se/kg in hepatic activity of T-SOD and maternal and progeny diet supplemented with Se displayed the highest hepatic activity of T-SOD (P < 0.05). Overall, Se supplementation in the diet of duck breeders and offspring increased the antioxidant capacity of ducklings. Maternal Se supplementation increased the BW of hatchlings, whereas maternal and progeny dietary Se supplementation did not affect the BWG of ducklings aged from 0 to 2 wk. Se supplementation with additional 0.16 mg/kg in the diet of duck breeders and offspring displayed beneficial effects particularly on the antioxidant capacity in ducklings.

3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(45): 3736-3741, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856702

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the therapeutic effect of the early interdisciplinary palliative care based on WARM model (whole, assessment, revaluation, management) on the quality of life, psychological state, pain and nutritional status in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: A total of 60 patients from Chongqing University Cancer Hospital with newly diagnosed advanced NSCLC from Oct 15, 2019 to Jun 12, 2020 were enrolled. According to the method of random number table, the patients were divided into two groups: standard oncologic care group (SC, n=30) and early palliative care group (EPC, n=30). SC group only received standard oncological care, while EPC group received standard oncological care and additional comprehensive treatment from a MDT consisted of medical oncologists, palliative care nurses, dietitians and psychologists. The quality of life [functional assessment of cancer therapy-lung (FACT-L) scale], psychological state [hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) and patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)], nutritional status [patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA)], and cancer pain status [numerical rating scale (NRS)] were observed and compared between the two groups before and after the 6 months treatment, respectively. Results: A total of 45 patients completed 6 months treatment, including 24 males and 21 females, aged 38-82 (60.5±1.7), with 23 patients in the EPC group and 22 patients in the SC group. Patients assigned to EPC group had a better quality of life than those assigned to SC group [FACT-L scale: (122.3±1.6) vs (111.8±2.1), P<0.001]. Fewer patients had anxiety and depressive symptoms in the EPC group than those in the SC group [HADS anxiety subscale: (1.1±0.3) vs (2.9±0.4), P<0.001; HADS depression subscale: (0.7±0.3) vs (3.6±0.4), P<0.001]. The PHQ-9 results showed that 100.0% (23/23) patients were free of depression in the EPC group, while 45.5% (10/22) patients were free of depression in SC group (P<0.001). Furthermore, patients in the EPC group had a better nutritional status [moderate malnutrition: 60.9% (14/23); no malnutrition: 39.1% (9/23)] than those in the SC group [severe malnutrition: 40.9% (9/22); moderate malnutrition: 50.0% (11/22); no malnutrition: 9.1% (2/22)] (P<0.001). There was no significant difference in NRS score between EPC group and SC group (P=0.140). Conclusion: Early interdisciplinary palliative care based on WARM model can improve the quality of life, psychological state and nutritional status in NSCLC patients.

4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(45): 3748-3753, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856704

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of the Chinese Ultrasound Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (C-TIRADS) in thyroid nodules,and to compare it with the TIRADS proposed by Kwak et al. (K-TIRADS) and the TIRADS proposed by the American College of Radiology (ACR-TIRADS). Methods: The data of 1 750 patients with 2 029 thyroid nodules in the Department of Thyroid Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University from January 2018 to November 2020 was retrospectively collected. Among them, there were 328 males and 1 422 females,aged from 6 to 86 with an average of (47±12) years. The nodules were divided into≤1.0 cm group(n=997) and>1.0 cm group(n=1 032)based on the size of the nodules. The stratification for malignant risk and the determination of benign or malignancy of the nodules was evaluated using the C-TIRADS, K-TIRADS and ACR-TIRADS, respectively. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC)curve analysis was performed to compare the diagnostic performance of the aforementioned three kinds of TIRADS using pathological results as the referent standard. Results: The optimal diagnosis points in the determination of malignant nodules of C-TIRADS, K-TIRADS and ACR-TIRADS in the two groups were 4A, 4b and 4 respectively according to ROC curve analysis. For the diagnosis of the malignant nodules, the C-TIRADS achieved with an AUC value of 0.772 and 0.892 in the ≤1.0 cm group and>1.0 cm group, respectively, which was significantly higher than K-TIRADS (AUC= 0.762 and 0.869, respectively) and ACR-TIRADS (AUC= 0.735 and 0.832, respectively) (P<0.05). The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of C-TIRADS were 94.99%, 59.41%, 86.46%, 88.13%, 78.89% (≤1.0 cm group)and 88.34%, 90.05%, 89.34%, 86.33%, 91.57%(>1.0 cm group), respectively. C-TIRADS had the highest sensitivity, accuracy, and negative predictive value in the determination of malignant nodules in both groups compared to the other two kinds of TIRADS. Conclusions: The three kinds of TIRADS all have high diagnostic performance for the determination of the malignant nodules, and the C-TIRADS has the best overall efficacy, which can effectively assist clinicians for medical decision, and is worth to be popularized and applied in the clinical setting.

5.
J Physiol Pharmacol ; 72(3)2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810288

RESUMO

In this study, the effect of the Tongxin formula (TXF) on the apoptosis of H9c2 cardiomyocytes induced by cobalt chloride (CoCl2) was investigated, and the potential mechanism was explored. A hypoxic injury model of H9c2 cardiomyocytes was established using CoCl2. The cell viability was measured using a Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and caspase-3 activity were measured using spectrophotometry. The apoptosis was measured via Annexin V-FITC/PI staining and flow cytometry. The changes in the mitochondrial membrane potential were examined using immunofluorescence microscopy following the loading of JC-1 probes. The expressions of apoptosis-related proteins and key proteins in the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) pathway were examined via immunoblotting. The different TXF concentrations studied significantly improved the percentage of viability of cardiomyocytes with hypoxic injury, and the LDH release, apoptotic rate, caspase-3 activity, and levels of cleaved caspase-3 protein were reduced in the injured cells. Additionally, the TXF group had increased mitochondrial membrane potential, upregulated expression of Bcl-2 and p-Akt proteins, and significantly reduced expression of cleaved caspase-3 protein in the cells with hypoxic injury. Moreover, in the TXF group, the treatment significantly reduced the BAX protein expression, but the difference was not statistically significant compared with the CoCl2 group. In this study, TXF regulated the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, inhibited apoptosis, increased the mitochondrial membrane potential, and alleviated damage to the mitochondrial membrane, thereby protecting the cardiomyocytes from hypoxic injury. The underlying mechanism could be related to activation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and upregulation of the Bcl-2 protein.

7.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(11): 1203-1208, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794225

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the prognostic factors of breast cancer patients with isolated chest wall recurrence (ICWR) after mastectomy, and investigate the optimal treatment. Methods: A total of 201 breast cancer patients with ICWR after mastectomy who were treated in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and the Fifth Medical Center Chinese PLA General Hospital from October 1998 to April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The median follow-up was 92.8 months and survival data were obtained. Results: Among 201 patients with ICWR, 103 patients developed subsequent locoregional recurrence (sLRR) and 5-year cumulative sLRR rate was 49.1%; 134 patients developed distant metastasis (DM) and 5-year DM rate was 64.4%; 103 patients died, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 17.4 months and the 5-year PFS rate was 23.2%; the median overall survival (OS) was 62.5 months and the 5-year OS rate was 52.1%. Multivariate analysis showed that the recurrence interval (HR=2.17, 95% CI: 1.26-3.73) and the locoregional treatment (HR=1.59, 95% CI: 1.05-2.40) were the independent prognostic factors for sLRR. The initial HER2 status (HR=1.60, 95% CI: 1.03-2.48) was the independent prognostic factor for DM. The recurrence interval (HR=1.99, 95% CI: 1.30-3.04), the locoregional treatment (HR=1.99, 95% CI: 1.43-2.76) and the treatment modalities after recurrence (HR=1.70, 95% CI: 1.18-2.46) were the independent prognostic factors for PFS. The initial HER2 status (HR=1.69, 95% CI: 1.02-2.81), the recurrence interval (HR=1.85, 95% CI: 1.15-2.98) and the treatment modalities after recurrence (HR=2.48, 95% CI: 1.56-3.96) were the independent prognostic factors for OS. Conclusions: Breast cancer patients after ICWR have an optimistic OS until now, but the risk of sLRR and DM is high. Comprehensive treatment modalities including surgery, radiotherapy and systemic therapy improve the outcome of breast cancer patients with ICWR after mastectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Parede Torácica , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Mastectomia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(43): 3564-3568, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808749

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the efficacy of radial shock wave therapy (RSWT) for lateral epicondylitis (LE). Methods: A total of 54 cases suffering from LE from Department of Pain Medicine of Fujian Provincial Hospital between December 2017 to October 2019 were randomly assigned to experimental group (n=27) and control group (n=27). Subjects in the experimental group were applied with RSWT in the lateral elbow area plus scapular back area, while patients in control group were applied with RSWT only in the lateral elbow area. Patients in both groups underwent RSWT one session per week for four weeks. Numeric rating scale (NRS), pain-free grip (PFG) test and patient-rated tennis elbow evaluation (PRTEE) in both groups were evaluated and compared at the pre-treatment, one week, one month and three months after treatment. Results: The NRS scores at pre-treatment, one week, one month and three months after treatment in experimental group were 6.5±1.6, 4.0±1.1, 3.9±1.5, 1.7±1.1, respectively, while those in control group were 6.2±1.4, 3.8±1.3, 4.2±1.2, 2.6±1.2, respectively. Compared with those at pre-treatment, the NRS scores in both groups were significantly decreased at one week, one month and three months after treatment (all P<0.05). The PRTEE and PFG results showed significant improvement after treatment (all P<0.05). The NRS scores and PRTEE at three months after treatment in the experimental group were 18±11, 1.7±1.1, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group (25±11, 2.6±1.2, respectively) (both P<0.05). Conclusions: RSWT exerts a beneficial effect on LE. Guided by the soft tissue surgery theory, RSWT in the lateral elbow area plus scapular back area produces better pain reduction and functional improvement compared with RSWT only in the lateral elbow area.


Assuntos
Cotovelo de Tenista , Cotovelo , Força da Mão , Humanos , Dor , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 51(5): 307-312, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794271

RESUMO

San Xiao Lun is a posthumous manuscript by Liu Wansu. It discussed the etiology, pathogenesis and therapeutic principles of diabetes with special prescriptions for it. Most references in this book came from the works of Liu Wansu himself and some of them came from the works of other sources, such as The Internal Cannon of Medicine. It can be seen that it was a book with Liu Wansu's rethinking and summerising about diabetes after he completed his other works. San Xiao Lun was first published in Ru Men Shi Qin in the Jin Dynasty. It was also cited by Yi Fang Lei Ju in Korea in 1445. It was fully recorded and published in Ru Men Shi Qin in the Wanli Period in the Ming Dynasty and therefore, became the basic version of the current one. After that, it envolved into Si Ku Quan Shu. In the end of the Qing Dynasty, this book was published independently with the comments by Zhou Xuehai, being one of the books in the Zhous' Series Medical Books(Zhou Shi Yi Xue Cong Shu).


Assuntos
Livros , Medicina , China , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Prescrições , República da Coreia
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(41): 3422-3426, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758547

RESUMO

Three patients diagnosed with focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) in the First Hospital of Peking University from September to November 2020 were recruited in the study. Based on stereotactic electroencephalogram (SEEG) or electrocorticogram (ECoG) analysis to localize the seizure onset zone (SOZ), RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis was performed for the SOZ and para-SOZ tissue obtained from surgery. The differentially expressed genes between SOZ and para-SOZ samples were analyzed by performing Go (Gene ontology) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis."Extracellular matrix"was significantly enriched, which included collagen synthesis genes (e.g., COL1A1)."Ether lipid metabolism"was enriched in the KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. These differences could be the potential biological markers for SOZ localization.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Malformações do Desenvolvimento Cortical , Biomarcadores , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Malformações do Desenvolvimento Cortical/genética , Convulsões
11.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 1498-1503, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814574

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the current status of foreign dual-degree programs of Medical Doctor (MD) and Master of Public Health (MPH) and provide evidence-based decision-making reference for promoting the education of high-level applied public health talents in China. Methods: The list of involved institutions and information of foreign MD-MPH dual-degree programs was collected through literature retrieval, online information searching, and additional survey of key figures. We extracted the details of each project regarding professional fields, core competence, length of schooling, teaching and learning arrangement, internship eligibility, and graduation assessment. Python 3.8.0 was used for data cleaning, and the occurrence frequency of related items in each dimension was calculated. Results: A total of 99 MD-MPH programs from 104 foreign institutions were included, among which 97.1% of them were implemented in universities from the United States. The School of Public Health provided 42.4% (42/99) of the programs. Epidemiology was the major discipline set up among most programs, accounting for 12.0% (29/241) of all the specialties involved. Epidemiological research methods, health policy management and practice, and public health practice were the top 3 core competencies to be mastered. Of the 99 programs, 87 gave information on the length of the program, of which 74.7% (65/87) were five years, 6.9% (6/87) were four years, and 18.4% (16/87) included both 4-year and 5-year programs. Conclusions: The international MD-MPH programs were sophisticated and mainly organized by the School of Public Health alone or in conjunction with the School of Medicine. Epidemiology is the core course and competence objective, with a length of 4-5 years. Through learning experience from international MD-MPH programs and the Chinese unique medical development background, China should optimize its medical education system to develop a suitable talent training strategy for MD-MPH dual-degree programs in the new era.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Internato e Residência , Médicos , China , Currículo , Humanos , Saúde Pública , Estados Unidos
12.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(9): 1559-1565, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814584

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the immunogenicity and persistence of hepatitis B vaccine in HIV-infected patients with different CD4+T cell (CD4) levels, and analyze the influence effect of CD4 levels on immunization response. Methods: A total of 182 HIV-infected patients who participated in a randomized controlled trial of 20 µg and 60 µg hepatitis B vaccination at month 0, 1, and 6 in 2014 by Guangxi Zhuang Atonomous Region CDC and Ningming county CDC were surveyed. Six months later after the first dose and 1 month, 6 months, 1 year, and 3 years later after the full course of the vaccination, 5 ml of the venous blood of the patients was collected, and the anti-HBs was detected by Chemiluminescent Microparticle Immunoassay (CMIA). On the basis of previous studies, this study focused on analyzing the immunogenicity and persistence of hepatitis B vaccine under different CD4 levels. Results: One month later after the whole course of hepatitis B vaccination, the anti-HBs geometric mean concentration (GMC), anti-HBs positive rate (≥10 mIU/ml) and strong positive rate (≥100 mIU/ml) in HIV patients with CD4 <350 cells/µl were 442.50 mIU/ml, 71.05% (27/38) and 44.74% (17/38), respectively, which were significantly lower than those HIV-infected patients with CD4 ≥350 cells/µl [583.90 mIU/ml, 92.13% (117/127) and 77.95% (99/127)] (P<0.05). After controlling the confounding factors, the probability of being anti-HBs positive induced by hepatitis B vaccine in patients with CD4 <350 cells/µl was 0.14 times higher than in those with CD4≥350 cells/µl (95%CI: 0.03-0.62), and patients with CD4 <350 cells/µl had higher risk of no response. From 6 months to 3 years after the whole course of the vaccination, the anti-HBs GMC (195.00-27.55 mIU/ml vs. 300.10-45.81 mIU/ml), the positive rate (56.67%-36.67% vs. 78.57%- 51.58%) and the strong positive rate (33.33%-6.67% vs.44.64%-15.79%) in patients with CD4 <350 cells/µl gradually declined, lower than the levels in those with CD4 ≥350 cells/µl. Conclusions: HIV-infected patients with CD4 <350 cells/µl have high risk of no response to hepatitis B vaccination and poor immune persistence. It is necessary to strengthen the anti-HBs monitoring in HIV-infected patients, with special attention to those with CD4 <350 cells/µl. When anti-HBs is negative, hepatitis B vaccine should be injected as early as possible.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Hepatite B , Animais , Células CHO , China , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Seguimentos , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Vacinas contra Hepatite B , Humanos , Imunização Secundária , Inquéritos e Questionários , Linfócitos T , Vacinação
13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(9): 1566-1572, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814585

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the anti-HBs level in maintained hemodialysis patients one year after receiving 20 µg and 60 µg hepatitis B vaccination at 0, 1 and 6 months, and explore the influence factors for the immunity persistence and their interactions. Methods: Based on a randomized controlled trial of 20 µg and 60 µg hepatitis B vaccine immunization in maintained hemodialysis patients at 0, 1, and 6 months, follow up was conducted for the patients for one year after the completion of the vaccination for the quantitative detection of anti-HBs, and χ2 test, t test, unconditional logistic regression and interaction analyses were used for statistical analysis. Results: One year after the vaccination, 125 and 124 patients in the 20 µg and 60 µg groups were tested for anti-HBs, respectively. The positive rate of anti-HBs in the 60 µg group (77.42%, 96/124) was significantly higher than that in the 20 µg group (65.60%, 82/125) (P<0.05). After adjusting for the confounding factors, the positive probability of anti-HBs in the 60 µg group was 1.925 times higher than that in the 20 µg group (95%CI: 1.068-3.468). Patients with hemodialysis duration ≥5 years (OR=0.523, 95%CI: 0.293-0.935) and diabetes mellitus (OR=0.376, 95%CI: 0.173-0.818) had lower positive probability of anti-HBs. Moreover, there were additive and multiplicative interactions between hemodialysis duration ≥5 years and diabetes mellitus. Conclusions: The immunity persistence after one year in 60 µg hepatitis B vaccination group was longer than that in 20 µg hepatitis B vaccination group in maintained hemodialysis patients, vaccine dose, hemodialysis duration and diabetes mellitus were the influencing factors for the immunity persistence, there were additive and multiplicative interactions between hemodialysis duration ≥5 years and diabetes mellitus.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Hepatite B , Hepatite B , Seguimentos , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite B , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Humanos , Diálise Renal , Fatores de Risco , Vacinação
14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(9): 1573-1579, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814586

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the gene-body mass index (BMI) interaction on coronary heart disease (CHD) in the Chinese adult twins. Methods: A total of 20 340 same-sex twin pairs registered in the Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR) were enrolled in this study. Classical twin structure equation model was used to estimate the gene-BMI interaction on CHD. Results: After adjusting for age, we found that genetic variance of CHD differed as the function of BMI in male twins, which indicated the presence of a gene-BMI interaction on CHD (P=0.008).The genetic moderating effect (ßa) was -0.14 (95%CI: -0.22--0.04), indicating that for each logarithmic transformation value of BMI increase, genetic path parameters would decrease by 0.14, which would result in the decrease of genetic variance of CHD. And the heritability of CHD was 0.77 (95%CI: 0.65-0.86) among the male twins with lower BMI (<24.0 kg/m2), but 0.56 (95%CI: 0.33-0.74) among the male twins with high BMI (≥24.0 kg/m2). However, there was no evidence suggesting that BMI could moderate genetic variants of CHD in female. Conclusion: We found a significant gene-BMI interaction on CHD in the Chinese male adult twins in China, and the heritability of CHD was higher among the twins whose BMI was <24.0 kg/m2.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/genética , Doenças em Gêmeos/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gêmeos Monozigóticos
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(9): 1621-1627, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814593

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the association between the eye exercises and one-year axial eye elongation in grade 7 students in Beijing. Methods: Sampling was performed using a multistage random cluster approach, and 1 443 students of grade 7 were selected from 9 middle schools in 6 districts for the baseline survey. Data were collected by questionnaires and axial length measurement. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between eye exercises and excessive axial eye elongation. Results: Among 1 197 (82.95%) students with complete information, the median (QR) age was 12.00 (1.00) years old, girls accounted for 44.28%, and the median (QR) axial eye elongation was 0.22 (0.18) mm. In the multiple linear regression analysis, the frequency of eye exercises was significantly correlated with excessive axial eye elongation in boys (ß=-0.135, 95%CI:-0.253--0.018) but not in girls (ß=-0.075, 95%CI:-0.207- 0.058) after adjusting for sex, age, body height, the number of myopic parents, time spent outdoors and time spent on reading and writing outside class; while the seriousness of eye exercises was not significantly associated with axial eye elongation in boys (ß=-0.028, 95%CI: -0.114-0.058) and girls (ß=-0.035, 95%CI: -0.134-0.064). Conclusion: The increased frequency of eye exercises is beneficial to control the axial eye elongation in boys in Beijing.


Assuntos
Miopia , Criança , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Miopia/prevenção & controle , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(10): 1855-1862, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814624

RESUMO

Objective: To systematically summarize and assess risk prediction models for occurrence of cervical cancer and to provide evidence for selecting the most reliable model for practice, and guide cervical cancer screening. Methods: Two groups of keywords related to cervical cancer and risk prediction model were searched on Chinese databases (CNKI, and Wanfang) and English databases (PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library). Original articles that developed or validated risk prediction models and published before November 21, 2019, were selected. Information form was created based on the CHARMS checklist. The PROBAST was used to assess the risk of bias. Results: 12 eligible articles were identified, describing 15 prediction models, of which five were established in China. The predicted outcomes included multiple stages from cervical precancerous lesions to cancer occurrence, i.e., abnormal Pap smear (1), occurrence or recurrence of CIN (9), and occurrence of cervical cancer (5), etc. The most frequently used predictors were HPV infection (12), age (7), smoking (5), and education (5). There were two models using machine learning to develop models. In terms of model performance, the discrimination ranged from 0.53 to 0.87, while only two models assessed the calibration correctly. Only two models were externally validated in Taiwan of China, using people in different periods. All of the models were at high risk of bias, especially in the analysis domain. The problems were concentrated in the improper handling of missing data (13), preliminary evaluation of model performance (13), improper use of internal validation (12), and insufficient sample size (11). In addition, the problems of inconsistency measurements of predictors and outcomes (8) and the flawed report of the use of blindness for outcome measures (8) were also severe. Compared with the other models, the Rothberg (2018) model had relatively high quality. Conclusions: There are a certain number of cervical cancer risk prediction models, but the quality is poor. It is urgent to improve the measurement of predictors and outcomes, the statistical analysis details such as handling missing data and evaluation of model performance and externally validate existing models to better guide screening.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Viés , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Prognóstico , Risco , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia
17.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(11): 2037-2043, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818852

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain and its subtypes on the risk of preeclampsia. Methods: Pregnant women delivered in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from March 2012 to September 2016 were selected as the research subjects. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 9 274 pregnant women were included. 901 preeclampsia pregnant women were selected as the case group, and 8 373 non-preeclampsia pregnant women were selected as the control group. General demographic characteristics, pre-pregnancy weight, height, lifestyle during pregnancy, reproductive history, and disease history of pregnant women were collected, and pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain were calculated. Unconditional logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between pre-pregnancy BMI and weight gain during pregnancy and PE and its clinical subtypes. Results: Among the 901 preeclampsia after inclusion and exclusion, 401 cases were diagnosed as early-onset PE (EOPE), 500 cases were late-onset PE (LOPE), 178 cases were Mild PE (MPE), and 723 cases were severe PE (SPE). There were statistically significant differences between PE and non-PE pregnant women in terms of maternal age, residence, parity, family history of gestational diabetes and hypertension (P<0.05). After adjusting for the above factors, the logistic regression analysis results showed that pre-pregnancy BMI<18.5 kg/m2 and inadequate gestational weight gain were protective factors for PE (OR=0.74, 95%CI: 0.56-0.98; OR=0.78, 95%CI: 0.62-0.99), while pre-pregnancy BMI≥24.0 kg/m2 and excessive gestational weight gain were risk factors for PE (OR=1.82, 95%CI: 1.54-2.14; OR=1.82, 95%CI: 1.54-2.15). After subtype analysis on PE, the results showed that pre-pregnancy BMI<18.5 kg/m2 was a protective factor for EOPE and MPE (OR=0.52, 95%CI: 0.32-0.83; OR=0.47, 95%CI: 0.23-0.97), while pre-pregnancy BMI≥24.0 kg/m2 and excessive gestational weight gain were risk factors for clinical subtypes of PE. After stratification according to pre-pregnancy BMI, excessive gestational weight gain was the risk factor for PE (OR=1.86, 95%CI: 1.51-2.30; OR=1.90, 95%CI: 1.39-2.60) in pregnant women 18.5 kg/m2≤BMI<24.0 kg/m2 and ≥24.0 kg/m2. Inadequate gestational weight gain (OR=0.55, 95%CI: 0.34-0.89) was a protective factor for PE in pregnant women with pre-pregnancy BMI≥24.0 kg/m2. Excessive gestational weight gain (OR=4.05, 95%CI: 1.20-13.69) was a risk factor for EOPE in pregnant women with pre-pregnancy BMI<18.5 kg/m2. Excessive gestational weight gain was a risk factor for the clinical subtype of PE in pregnant women 18.5 kg/m2≤BMI<24.0 kg/m2 before pregnancy. Inadequate gestational weight gain was a protective factor for EOPE and MPE (OR=0.39, 95%CI: 0.19-0.80; OR=0.29, 95%CI: 0.11-0.77) in pregnant women with pre-pregnancy BMI≥24.0 kg/m2. Excessive weight gain was a risk factor for EOPE, LOPE and SPE (OR=1.60, 95%CI: 1.06-2.42;OR=2.20, 95%CI: 1.44-3.37;OR=2.28, 95%CI: 1.58-3.29). Conclusions: Pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain affect the risk of preeclampsia and its clinical subtypes. In contrast, the influence of gestational weight gain on preeclampsia varies among different pre-pregnancy BMI groups. Therefore, it is recommended to pay attention to the changes in pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain simultaneously to reduce preeclampsia.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional , Ganho de Peso na Gestação , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pré-Eclâmpsia/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Ganho de Peso
18.
Mamm Genome ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741192

RESUMO

Model organism research is essential for discovering the mechanisms of human diseases by defining biologically meaningful gene to disease relationships. The Rat Genome Database (RGD, ( https://rgd.mcw.edu )) is a cross-species knowledgebase and the premier online resource for rat genetic and physiologic data. This rich resource is enhanced by the inclusion and integration of comparative data for human and mouse, as well as other human disease models including chinchilla, dog, bonobo, pig, 13-lined ground squirrel, green monkey, and naked mole-rat. Functional information has been added to records via the assignment of annotations based on sequence similarity to human, rat, and mouse genes. RGD has also imported well-supported cross-species data from external resources. To enable use of these data, RGD has developed a robust infrastructure of standardized ontologies, data formats, and disease- and species-centric portals, complemented with a suite of innovative tools for discovery and analysis. Using examples of single-gene and polygenic human diseases, we illustrate how data from multiple species can help to identify or confirm a gene as involved in a disease and to identify model organisms that can be studied to understand the pathophysiology of a gene or pathway. The ultimate aim of this report is to demonstrate the utility of RGD not only as the core resource for the rat research community but also as a source of bioinformatic tools to support a wider audience, empowering the search for appropriate models for human afflictions.

19.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(4): 677-682, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814450

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, influence factors and interaction on HCV infection in patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in Taiyuan. Methods: Between April-June 2019, three MMT clinics in Taiyuan were selected to conduct a face-to-face questionnaire survey among MMT patients to collect the information about their socio-demographic characteristics, drug use, MMT, sexual behavior and health status. Software EpiData 3.1 was used for real-time double entry to establish the database. Software SAS 9.4 was used to analyze the data, and χ2 test was used for univariate analysis and logistic regression model was used for multivariate and interaction analyses. Results: A total of 903 subjects were surveyed among MMT patients, the male to female ratio of was 7.21∶1(743∶103), and the rate of HCV infection was 12.53% (106/846). After adjusting for the confounding factors, being women (OR=1.936, 95%CI: 1.023-3.662), having sex with drug users (OR=2.073, 95%CI: 1.110-3.871) and injection drug use (OR=7.737, 95%CI: 4.614-12.973) might be the risk factors for HCV infection in patients receiving MMT. The results showed that there were multiplicative interactions among women, having sex with drug user and injection drug use on HCV infection. Conclusions: Being women, having sex with drug user and injection drug use were associated with higher risk for HCV infection in patients receiving MMT in Taiyuan. There were multiplication interactions between being women and having sex with drug user, being female and injection drug use, and having sex with drug use and injection drug use on HCV infection.


Assuntos
Hepatite C , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Metadona/uso terapêutico , Tratamento de Substituição de Opiáceos , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/tratamento farmacológico
20.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(4): 716-722, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814457

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the virus genome mutation of mothers with C genotype HBV and explore its relationship with HBV intrauterine transmission. Methods: A total of 399 mothers carrying HBV and their newborns hospitalized in the obstetrics department of the Third People's Hospital of Taiyuan from 2011 to 2013 were selected. Necessary information about mothers and children was obtained through a questionnaire survey and medical records. HBV DNA and HBV serological markers were detected by quantitative fluorescence PCR and electrochemiluminescence. Within 24 hours after birth and before active/passive immunization, those with positive HBsAg and/or HBV DNA in femoral venous blood were determined as HBV intrauterine transmission. According to the requirements of cloning and sequencing, mothers' HBV DNA load should be ≥106 IU/ml. Among 54 cases of HBV intrauterine transmission, 22 pairs of mothers and their newborns meeting the requirements of cloning and sequencing were used as the intrauterine transmission group. The same number of mothers and their newborns without intrauterine transmission was selected as the random seed method's control group. After PCR amplification of HBV DNA, gene cloning, and sequencing, the gene mutation analysis of mothers with C genotype HBV was performed. Results: Among the 44 samples, 39 (88.63%, 39/44) were genotype C, 2 were genotype B, and 3 were mixed genotype B, and C. A total of 406 clone beads from 42 mothers with C genotype HBV were analyzed for gene mutation, including 204 in the intrauterine transmission group and 202 in the control group. The base substitution mutation rate of PreS1, S, C, and P regions in the HBV intrauterine transmission group were significantly lower than those in the control group (χ2 ranged from 8.67 to 40.73, P<0.05). The mutation rate of base deletion in PreC and X regions in the HBV intrauterine transmission group was lower than that in the control group (χ2 values were 17.82 and 34.78, P<0.001). Two clones in the X region had 31 bp insertion mutations between nt1644 and nt1645, and two clones had 27 bp insertion mutations between nt1649 and nt1650, all of which took place in the control group. Conclusions: The base substitution mutations in the PreS1, S, C, and P segments of the HBV genome in mothers with C genotype HBV were associated with the occurrence of intrauterine transmission of HBV. Deletion mutations in the PreC region, insertion and deletion mutations in the X region may reduce intrauterine transmission risk.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite B , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas , Criança , DNA Viral/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mutação , Gravidez
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