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1.
Food Chem ; 410: 135389, 2023 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623457

RESUMO

Poisoning events concerning diarrhetic shellfish poisons (DSPs) are increasing continually. It is extremely necessary to develop simple analysis methods for screening simultaneously different types of DSPs from food-related samples. Okadaic acid (OA) and its analogues, i.e., dinophysistoxin-1 (DTX-1) and dinophysistoxin-2 (DTX-2), are the prevalent DSPs. Herein, a facile and label-free fluorescent aptasensor targeting the three DSPs was constructed with a pair of group-specific split aptamers and silver nanocluster beacon. In presence of the targets, the DNA templates attached at the ends of the split aptamers would be dragged close to trigger enhanced fluorescence signals from silver nanoclusters. The aptasensor offered high sensitivity and good selectivity, with limit of detection of 2.282 nmolL-1, 19.38 nmolL-1, and 13.61 nmolL-1 for OA, DTX-1, and DTX-2, respectively. Moreover, the applicability of aptasensor was well verified with shellfish and seawater samples. This study provides good reference for further exploration on analysis methods for food-related molecules.

2.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e2128, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36597580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gitelman syndrome (GS) is a type of salt-losing tubular disease, most of which is caused by SLC12A3 gene variants, and missense variants account for the majority. Recently, the phenomenon of exon skipping, in which variants disrupt normal pre-mRNA splicing, has been related to a variety of diseases. Therefore, we hypothesize that a certain proportion of SLC12A3 variants can result in disease via interfering with the normal splicing process. METHODS: We analyzed 342 previously presumed SLC12A3 missense variants using bioinformatics programs and identified candidate variants that may alter the splicing of pre-mRNA through minigene assays. RESULTS: Our study revealed that, among ten candidate variants, six variants (c.602G>A, c.602G>T, c.1667C>T, c.1925G>A, c.2548G>C, and c.2549G>C) led to complete or incomplete exon skipping by affecting exonic splicing regulatory elements and/or disturbing canonical splice sites. CONCLUSION: It is worth mentioning that this is the largest study on pre-mRNA splicing of SLC12A3 exonic variants. In addition, our study emphasizes the importance of detecting splicing function at the mRNA level in GS and indicates that minigene analysis is a valuable tool for splicing functional assays of variants in vitro.

3.
Food Chem ; 408: 135241, 2023 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549153

RESUMO

The hepatopancreas of swimming crab (Portunus trituberculatus) rich in carotenoids would undergo serious color deterioration during cold storage, and then made portunid lose its commodity value. In this study, we firstly elucidated the change mechanism of its carotenoids during storage at the molecular level using transcriptome technology. We concluded that low-temperature would inhibit aerobic respiration of portunid, leading to a lower pH and inducing the degradation of carotenoids. After that, longer cold storage time would increase the oxidative stress in portunid, resulting in a further decrease in carotenoids content. Finally, the strong autolysis of portunid could release carotenoids stored in other parts such as ovary to the external environment, resulting in the increase of carotenoids detection content. This research could provide a basis for further developing the fresh-keeping technology of portunid during low-temperature storage.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Animais , Feminino , Braquiúros/genética , Braquiúros/metabolismo , Hepatopâncreas/metabolismo , Natação , Temperatura , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Transcriptoma
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 863: 160704, 2023 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36481142

RESUMO

Rare earth elements (REE) are extensively exploited in the agricultural ecosystems due to their various beneficial roles on plant growth. However, the ecotoxicological effects and environmental risk of REE are poorly assessed. Here, we investigated the effects of lanthanum and cerium nitrate on soil prokaryote and viral metal resistance genes (MRGs) and antibiotics resistance genes (ARGs) using a metagenomic-based approach. We found that relative abundances of prokaryote phyla Bacteroidetes and Chloroflexi decreased with increasing of both REE compounds. In addition, low level REE nitrate (0.05 and 0.1 mmol kg-1 soil) inhibited the viral family Phycodanaviridae, Rudiviridae, Schitoviridae, whereas high level (0.16 and 0.32 mmol kg-1 soil) REE nitrate suppressed the viral family Herelleviridae, Iridoviridae, Podoviridae. ARGs were not significantly affected by low level of REE nitrate. However, high level of both REEs nitrate increased the abundances of dominant prokaryote genes resisting to most of the drug classes, such as aminoglycoside, elfamycin, fluoroquinolone, macrolide, rifamycin. Abundance of MRGs in prokaryote did not change consistently with REE nitrate compound type and input rate. MRGs were only partially detected in the virome in some of the treatments, while ARGs was not detected in virome. Together, we demonstrated that overuse of REE nitrate in agriculture would increase the risk of dissemination of ARGs through prokaryotes but not virus, although viral community was substantially shifted.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Metais Terras Raras , Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Viroma , Nitratos , Ecossistema , Metais , Genes Bacterianos , Solo , Metagenômica
5.
J Plant Physiol ; 280: 153881, 2022 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36463657

RESUMO

Protein kinases play crucial roles in the regulation of plant resistance to various stresses. In this work, we determined that GsSnRK1.1 was actively responsive to saline-alkali, drought, and abscisic acid (ABA) stresses by histochemical staining and qRT-PCR analyses. The wild-type GsSnRK1.1 but not the kinase-dead mutant, GsSnRK1.1(K49M), demonstrated in vitro kinase activity by phosphorylating GsABF2. Intriguingly, we found that GsSnRK1.1 could complement the loss of SNF1 kinase in yeast Msy1193 (-snf1) mutant, rescue growth defects of yeast cells on medium with glycerol as a carbon resource, and promote yeast resistance to NaCl or NaHCO3. To further elucidate GsSnRK1.1 function in planta, we knocked out SnRK1.1 gene from the Arabidopsis genome by the CRISPR/Cas9 approach, and then expressed GsSnRK1.1 and a series of mutants into snrk1.1-null lines. The transgenic Arabidopsis lines were subjected to various abiotic stress treatments. The results showed that GsSnRK1.1(T176E) mutant with enhanced protein kinase activity significantly promoted, but GsSnRK1.1(K49M) and GsSnRK1.1(T176A) mutants with disrupted protein kinase activity abrogated, plant stomatal closure and tolerance to abiotic stresses. In conclusion, this study provides the molecular clues to fully understand the physiological functions of plant SnRK1 protein kinases.

7.
Front Immunol ; 13: 975921, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389714

RESUMO

The high morbidity, mortality, and disability rates associated with cerebrovascular disease (CeVD) pose a severe danger to human health. Gut bacteria significantly affect the onset, progression, and prognosis of CeVD. Gut microbes play a critical role in gut-brain interactions, and the gut-brain axis is essential for communication in CeVD. The reflection of changes in the gut and brain caused by gut bacteria makes it possible to investigate early warning biomarkers and potential treatment targets. We primarily discussed the following three levels of brain-gut interactions in a systematic review of the connections between gut microbiota and several cerebrovascular conditions, including ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, intracranial aneurysm, cerebral small vessel disease, and cerebral cavernous hemangioma. First, we studied the gut microbes in conjunction with CeVD and examined alterations in the core microbiota. This enabled us to identify the focus of gut microbes and determine the focus for CeVD prevention and treatment. Second, we discussed the pathological mechanisms underlying the involvement of gut microbes in CeVD occurrence and development, including immune-mediated inflammatory responses, variations in intestinal barrier function, and reciprocal effects of microbial metabolites. Finally, based on the aforementioned proven mechanisms, we assessed the effectiveness and potential applications of the current therapies, such as dietary intervention, fecal bacterial transplantation, traditional Chinese medicine, and antibiotic therapy.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Humanos , Transplante de Microbiota Fecal , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/terapia , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Bactérias
8.
Pathogens ; 11(11)2022 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36365016

RESUMO

Burkholderia glumae is an important rice pathogen, thus the genomic and evolutionary history may be helpful to control this notorious pathogen. Here, we present two complete genomes of the B. glumae strains HN1 and HN2, which were isolated from diseased rice seed in China. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) analysis shows greater than 99% similarity of the strains HN1 and HN2 with other published B. glumae genomes. Genomic annotation revealed that the genome of strain HN1 consists of five replicons (6,680,415 bp) with an overall G + C content of 68.06%, whereas the genome of strain HN2 comprises of three replicons (6,560,085 bp) with an overall G + C content of 68.34%. The genome of HN1 contains 5434 protein-coding genes, 351 pseudogenes, and 1 CRISPR, whereas the genome of HN2 encodes 5278 protein-coding genes, 357 pseudogenes, and 2 CRISPR. Both strains encode many pathogenic-associated genes (143 genes in HN1 vs. 141 genes in HN2). Moreover, comparative genomic analysis shows the extreme plasticity of B. glumae, which may contribute to its pathogenicity. In total, 259 single-copy genes were affected by positive selection. These genes may contribute to the adaption to different environments. Notably, six genes were characterized as virulence factors which may be an additional way to assist the pathogenicity of B. glumae.

9.
Anal Chem ; 94(47): 16282-16289, 2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36322695

RESUMO

Researchers have been looking for ways to fix the structural stability of aptamers so as to achieve the high affinity of aptamers and thus the high sensitivity of analytical methods. Herein, we report a post-selection strategy to facilitate the formation of aptameric structures and enhance their affinity. Key fragments containing crucial bases of parent aptamers were identified and evolved by iterative embedding to form chimeras. The termini of the optimized chimera were then fixed by hybridization to limit their flexibility. Robust aptamers with more stable structures and higher affinity were thus engineered. An anti-okadaic acid aptamer, anti-dinophysistoxin aptamer, and anti-phosphatidylserine (PS) aptamer were engineered in this way, with the affinity enhanced by 160.5-fold, 50.36-fold, and 39.28-fold over that of the parent aptamers, respectively. Furthermore, the practicability of the anti-PS aptamer was validated with a polyA-nanotetrahedron-assisted electrochemical aptasensor. The aptasensor achieved high sensitivity, with the limit of detection as low as 1.741 nM, good accuracy, and good selectivity when monitoring PS in real biosynthesis samples. This study offers a facile and efficient approach to generate robust aptamers and aptasensors for real-world applications.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Ácido Okadáico , Limite de Detecção
10.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(19)2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36235888

RESUMO

Artificial skin composites have attracted great interest in functional composite materials. The aim of this study was to prepare and characterize a smart artificial skin composite comprising a bionic microvascular with both self-nourishing and self-healing functions. A poly(vinyl alcohol)-glycerol-gelatin double network organic hydrogel was used as the artificial skin matrix. The hydrogel had high mechanical strength because of the strong hydrogen bond formed between the PVA and glycerol (GL). The gelatin (GEL) increased the toughness and elasticity of the hydrogel to ensure the strength of the artificial skin and fit of the interface with the body. The bionic polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) microvascular had excellent thermal stability and mechanical property in artificial skin. Results indicated that self-nourishing was successfully realized by liquid release through the pore structures of the bionic microvascular. The bionic microvascular healed microcracks in the artificial skin when damage occurred, based on a self-healing test.

11.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1005367, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36313321

RESUMO

Background: With the development of fiberoptic bronchoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of various pulmonary diseases, the anesthesia/sedation requirements are becoming more demanding, posing great challenges for patient safety while ensuring a smooth examination/surgery process. Remimazolam, a brand-new ultra-short-acting anesthetic, may compensate for the shortcomings of current anesthetic/sedation strategies in bronchoscopy. Methods: This study was a prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel positive controlled phase 3 clinical trial. Subjects were randomized to receive 0.2 mg/kg remimazolam besylate or 2 mg/kg propofol during bronchoscopy to evaluate the efficacy and safety of remimazolam. Results: A total of 154 subjects were successfully sedated in both the remimazolam group and the propofol group, with a success rate of 99.4% (95%CI of the adjusted difference -6.7 × 10%-6% to -5.1 × 10%-6%). The sedative effect of remimazolam was noninferior to that of propofol based on the prespecified noninferiority margin of -5%. Compared with the propofol group, the time of loss of consciousness in the remimazolam group (median 61 vs. 48s, p < 0.001), the time from the end of study drug administration to complete awakening (median 17.60 vs. 12.80 min, p < 0.001), the time from the end of bronchoscopy to complete awakening (median 11.00 vs. 7.00 min, p < 0.001), the time from the end of study drug administration to removal of monitoring (median 19.50 vs. 14.50 min, p < 0.001), and the time from the end of bronchoscopy to removal of monitoring (median 12.70 vs. 8.60 min, p < 0.001) were slightly longer. The incidence of Adverse Events in the remimazolam group and the propofol group (74.8% vs. 77.4%, p = 0.59) was not statistically significant, and none of them had Serious Adverse Events. The incidence of hypotension (13.5% vs. 29.7%, p < 0.001), hypotension requiring treatment (1.9% vs. 7.7%, p = 0.017), and injection pain (0.6% vs. 16.8%, p < 0.001) were significantly lower in the remimazolam group than in the propofol group. Conclusion: Moderate sedation with 0.2 mg/kg remimazolam besylate is effective and safe during bronchoscopy. The incidence of hypotension and injection pain was less than with propofol, but the time to loss of consciousness and recovery were slightly longer. Clinical Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov, ChiCTR2000039753.

12.
Life Sci ; 310: 121110, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36272466

RESUMO

AIMS: Glycyrrhizic acid is a natural anti-non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) compound isolated from licorice, while its action mechanism deserves to be fully elucidated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Enlightened by the widely discovered associations between the NAFLD and gut microbiota, this study aimed to explore whether glycyrrhizic acid, licorice flavonoids, and licorice extract can regulate the gut microbiota of rats fed a high-fat diet. KEY FINDINGS: It was found that glycyrrhizic acid, licorice flavonoids, and licorice extract could significantly reduce the level of triglycerides in the liver of NAFLD model rats, and the effect of glycyrrhizic acid was stronger than licorice flavonoids and licorice extract. Moreover, they caused significant changes in the structural composition of the gut microbiota. Correlation analysis showed that the regulation of hepatic total cholesterol and triglyceride levels by glycyrrhizic acid treatment was closely related to the decrease of the relative abundances of Lachnospiraceae, Coriobacteriaceae, Blautia, and Collinsella and the increase of the relative abundances of Romboutsia and Turicibacter on the gut microbiota. Meanwhile, the functional predictive analysis of the gut microbiota indicated that the function of carbohydrate transport and metabolism was significantly decreased by drugs treatment, which might contribute to the decrease of fat accumulation in the liver of rats. SIGNIFICANCE: In conclusion, this study revealed the ameliorating effects of glycyrrhizic acid, licorice flavonoids, and licorice extract on NAFLD, and suggested that the effect of glycyrrhizic acid on NAFLD may be related to the improvement of the dysbiosis of gut microbiota.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Ratos , Animais , Camundongos , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Ácido Glicirrízico/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
13.
Risk Anal ; 2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36307377

RESUMO

Drawing upon the hostile media effect, this study examined how perceived media bias in covering genetically modified (GM) food influences individuals' risk-benefit assessments of it and their food consumption behaviors. The results of a nationally representative survey (N = 1364) showed that individuals seeing media coverage as more biased in favor of GM food perceived it as more hazardous, which was related to a higher proportion of organic food consumption in their diets. In contrast, perceived media coverage as less slanted toward GM food was associated with more benefit perceptions of it, thereby predicting its higher proportion in individuals' diets. More importantly, the indirect effect of perceived media bias on GM food consumption through benefit perceptions was more pronounced among males than females. The findings of this study not only provide empirical evidence of the perceptual and behavioral outcomes of hostile media perceptions, but also offer valuable insights for journalists and education practitioners to improve public understanding of emerging food technologies.

14.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 978147, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36186048

RESUMO

Human livelihoods provided a crucial economic foundation for social development in ancient times and were influenced by various factors including environmental change, agricultural origin and intensification, as well as long-distance exchange and culinary tradition. The effect of geopolitical change on human subsistence, especially the shifts between agricultural and nomadic regimes, has not been well understood due to the absence of detailed historical records and archaeological evidence. During the 12th century, the control of the Zhengding area in Hebei Province of north-central China changed from the Northern Song (960-1127 CE) to the Jurchen Jin Dynasty (Jin Dynasty; 1115-1234 CE). Recent excavation of the Zhengding Kaiyuan Temple South (ZKS) site in the area provides a rare opportunity to study human livelihood transformation in relation to geopolitical change. In total, 21,588 charred crop caryopses including foxtail millet, wheat, broomcorn millet, hulled barley, and rice, and other carbonized remains including 55.15 g of boiled foxtail millet and 353.5 g of foxtail millet caryopses were identified, and nine AMS 14C dates of crop remains were obtained from the Northern Song and Jin layers at the ZKS site. This revealed that the dominant plant subsistence transformed from wheat to foxtail millet during the change from the Northern Song to the Jin Dynasties in Zhengding area. By comparing with historical documents and paleoclimate records, we propose that this abnormal shift of primary staple food from the relatively high-yield wheat to low-yield foxtail millet was induced by the traditional dietary preference for foxtail millet in the nomadic Jin society. The Jin government levied foxtail millet as taxation and promoted massive immigration from northeastern China to north-central China to consolidate their rule, which resulted in the adoption of foxtail millet as the most important crop in Zhengding area. The advantage for the cultivation of this frost-sensitive crop in north-central China over northeast China was probably enhanced by notable cold events during the 12th century, while the primary influencing factor for the transformation of human livelihoods in north-central China during that period was geopolitics rather than climate change.

15.
Front Neurol ; 13: 915813, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36188383

RESUMO

Background: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is associated with high mortality and disability rates. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between sex, age, study year, risk factors, bleeding site, median year of study, and the incidence of ICH. Method: Literature on the incidence of ICH published on 1 January 1980 and 1 January 2020, was systematically retrieved from PubMed and Embase databases. The random-effects model and subgroup analysis were used to explore the relationship between the incidence of ICH and different ages, sex, bleeding sites, and risk factors. Results: We summarized the epidemiological changes in ICH in the past 40 years according to 52 studies and found that the total incidence of ICH is 29.9 per 100,000 person-years (95% CI: 26.5-33.3), which has not decreased worldwide. The incidence of ICH in the Asian population is much higher than in other continents. In addition, the incidence of ICH increases with age and differs at the 85-year-old boundary. Men are more likely to develop ICH than women, and the basal ganglia region is the most common area for ICH. Of the 10 risk factors examined in this study, those with hypertension had the highest incidence of ICH, followed by those with excessive alcohol consumption and heart disease. Conclusion: The prevention and treatment of ICH still need to be improved continuously according to age, sex, risk factors, and other factors, and targeted and normative strategies should be gradually developed in the future.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078591

RESUMO

Carbamazepine, as one of several pharmaceutical and personal care products, has gained much attention in recent years because of its continuous discharge in natural waters and toxicity to aquatic ecosystems. However, it is difficult to evaluate and manage carbamazepine pollution because of the lack of a rational and scientific Water Quality Criteria (WQC) of carbamazepine. In this study, the carbamazepine toxicity data of thirty-five aquatic species from eight taxonomic groups were selected, and the species sensitivity distribution (SSD) method was applied to derive the WQC for carbamazepine based on the Log-logistic model, which was 18.4 ng/L. Meanwhile, the occurrence and distribution of carbamazepine in the Nansi Lake basin was studied. Results showed that concentrations of carbamazepine in 29 sampling sites were in the range of 3.3 to 128.2 ng/L, with the mean of 17.3 ng/L. In general, the levels of carbamazepine in tributaries were higher than those in the lakes. In addition, qualitative and quantitative ecological risk assessment methods were applied to assess the adverse effect of carbamazepine on aquatic systems. The hazard quotient (HQ) method showed that there were 24 and 5 sampling sites, in which risk levels were low and moderate, respectively. The joint probability curve (JPC) method indicated that ecological risks might exist in 1.4% and 1.0% of surface water, while a 5% threshold and 1% threshold were set up to protect aquatic species, respectively. Generally, carbamazepine posed a low risk to the aquatic organisms in the Nansi Lake basin.


Assuntos
Lagos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Organismos Aquáticos , Carbamazepina , China , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Qualidade da Água
17.
World J Emerg Med ; 13(5): 355-360, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to establish an effective nomogram to predict the survival of heat stroke (HS) based on risk factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational multicenter cohort study. We analyzed patients diagnosed with HS, who were treated between May 1 and September 30, 2018 at 15 tertiary hospitals from 11 cities in Northern China. RESULTS: Among the 175 patients, 32 patients (18.29%) died before hospital discharge. After the univariate analysis, mechanical ventilation, initial mean arterial pressure <70 mmHg, maximum heart rate, lab results on day 1 (white blood cell count, alanine aminotransferase, creatinine), and Glasgow admission prediction score were included in multivariate analysis. Multivariate Cox regression showed that invasive ventilation, initial mean arterial pressure <70 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and Glasgow admission prediction score were independent risk factors for HS. The nomogram was established for predicting 7-d and 14-d survival in the training cohort. The nomogram exhibited a concordance index (C-index) of 0.880 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.831-0.930) by bootstrapping validation (B=1,000). Furthermore, the nomogram performed better when predicting 14-d survival, compared to 7-d survival. The prognostic index cut-off value was set at 2.085, according to the operating characteristic curve for overall survival prediction. The model showed good calibration ability in the internal and external validation datasets. CONCLUSION: A novel nomogram, integrated with prognostic factors, was proposed; it was highly predictive of the survival in HS patients.

18.
World J Gastroenterol ; 28(29): 3838-3853, 2022 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36157545

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing Crohn's disease (CD), higher disease activity, and comparatively worse clinical outcomes. AIM: To investigate the role of mesenteric adipose tissue-derived exosomes in the pathogenesis of CD aggravation in obese individuals. METHODS: First, we induced colitis in mice initiated on high-fat and normal diets and compared the severity of colitis. We then extracted and identified exosomes from mesenteric adipose tissue and determined the levels of metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) in mesenteric adipose tissue-derived exosomes and the colon. Next, we demonstrated an interaction between MALAT1 and the miR-15a-5p/activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) axis. Finally, we explored the effects of mesenteric adipose tissue-derived exosomes extracted from mice fed a high-fat or normal diet on the severity of 2,4,6-trinitrobe-nzenesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis and ATF6-related endoplasmic reticulum stress pathways. RESULTS: High-fat diet was found to aggravate TNBS-induced colitis in mice. The expression of MALAT1 in mesenteric adipose tissue-derived exosomes of high-fat diet-fed mice increased. The increased expression of MALAT1 in colon tissue exacerbated TNBS-induced colitis and activated the ATF6 endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway. This effect was partially reversed by the reduced expression of MALAT1 and overexpression of miR-15a-5p. CONCLUSION: Mesenteric adipose tissue-derived exosome-encapsulated long noncoding RNAs MALAT1 targets the colon and aggravates TNBS-induced colitis in obese mice, which may potentially act on the miR-15a-5p/ATF6 axis and activate endoplasmic reticulum stress.


Assuntos
Colite , Exossomos , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Fator 6 Ativador da Transcrição , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Animais , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/complicações , Colite/genética , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Exossomos/metabolismo , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
19.
Nanomicro Lett ; 14(1): 194, 2022 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36161372

RESUMO

One-dimensional (1D) SiO2 nanofibers (SNFs), one of the most popular inorganic nanomaterials, have aroused widespread attention because of their excellent chemical stability, as well as unique optical and thermal characteristics. Electrospinning is a straightforward and versatile method to prepare 1D SNFs with programmable structures, manageable dimensions, and modifiable properties, which hold great potential in many cutting-edge applications including aerospace, nanodevice, and energy. In this review, substantial advances in the structural design, controllable synthesis, and multifunctional applications of electrospun SNFs are highlighted. We begin with a brief introduction to the fundamental principles, available raw materials, and typical apparatus of electrospun SNFs. We then discuss the strategies for preparing SNFs with diverse structures in detail, especially stressing the newly emerging three-dimensional SiO2 nanofibrous aerogels. We continue with focus on major breakthroughs about brittleness-to-flexibility transition of SNFs and the means to achieve their mechanical reinforcement. In addition, we showcase recent applications enabled by electrospun SNFs, with particular emphasis on physical protection, health care and water treatment. In the end, we summarize this review and provide some perspectives on the future development direction of electrospun SNFs.

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(40): 45988-46000, 2022 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36135324

RESUMO

Synergistic self-healing materials and inorganic particles to create self-healing superhydrophobic surfaces for improving their robustness is a common technique, but the suitability between the two is rarely mentioned. In this work, we developed a multifunctional superhydrophobic coating with room-temperature stability, mechanical stability, self-healing, and NIR stimuli response, in which self-healing polyurethane (PU) serves as the interface reinforcement layer and poly(dopamine) (PDA)-coated flower-like ZnO composite particles serve as the hydrophobic layer. A series of temperature-dependent self-healing PU materials were designed and synthesized by regulating the ratio of hard and soft chain segments in PU, and the relationship between the healing temperature of PU and the hydrophobic stability of the composite coatings was investigated. Based on dynamic hydrogen and disulfide bonds, PUs displayed excellent self-healing performance. Thanks to the self-healing and interfacial strengthening effect of PU and the photothermal properties of PDA, the composite coating exhibits not only excellent mechanical stability but also rapid self-healing ability in response to NIR stimuli. Furthermore, the smart coating demonstrated superior self-cleaning and corrosion resistance. This work provides a reference for developing strong and stable water-repellent reversible superhydrophobic coatings with great potential and promising future.

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