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1.
PeerJ ; 7: e7705, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598423

RESUMO

Background: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a subtype of esophageal cancer with high incidence and mortality. Due to the poor 5-year survival rates of patients with ESCC, exploring novel diagnostic markers for early ESCC is emergent. Collagen, the abundant constituent of extracellular matrix, plays a critical role in tumor growth and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. However, the clinical significance of collagen genes in ESCC has been rarely studied. In this work, we systematically analyzed the gene expression of whole collagen family in ESCC, aiming to search for ideal biomarkers. Methods: Clinical data and gene expression profiles of ESCC patients were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas and the gene expression omnibus databases. Bioinformatics methods, including differential expression analysis, survival analysis, gene sets enrichment analysis (GSEA) and co-expression network analysis, were performed to investigate the correlation between the expression patterns of 44 collagen family genes and the development of ESCC. Results: A total of 22 genes of collagen family were identified as differentially expressed genes in both the two datasets. Among them, COL1A1, COL10A1 and COL11A1 were particularly up-regulated in ESCC tissues compared to normal controls, while COL4A4, COL6A5 and COL14A1 were notably down-regulated. Besides, patients with low COL6A5 expression or high COL18A1 expression showed poor survival. In addition, a 7-gene prediction model was established based on collagen gene expression to predict patient survival, which had better predictive accuracy than the tumor-node-metastasis staging based model. Finally, GSEA results suggested that collagen genes might be tightly associated with PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway, p53 pathway, apoptosis, cell cycle, etc. Conclusion: Several collagen genes could be potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for ESCC. Moreover, a novel 7-gene prediction model is probably useful for predicting survival outcomes of ESCC patients. These findings may facilitate early detection of ESCC and help improves prognosis of the patients.

2.
Mikrochim Acta ; 185(8): 375, 2018 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30008087

RESUMO

An innovative signal amplification strategy assisted by RNase H is described here for the detection of DNA targets in a universal fashion. A tailor-made RNA molecular beacon (RMB) conjugated with a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) pair (fluorophore and quencher) was designed, characterized, and combined with the employment of RNase H. Its performance is compared to that of other nucleases including Exonuclease III and T7 exonuclease. Fluorometry, performed best at excitation/emission wavelengths of 490/520 nm, gives an amazingly low detection limit of 23 fM for target DNA. The method was verified by the determination of human hemochromatosis (HFE) gene. It is perceived that the method represents a versatile tool for the detection of a wide range of targets. Graphical Abstract An RNase H-assisted signal amplification (RASA) method for the fluorometric assay of nucleic acids has been developed by using a unique RNA molecular beacon (RNA MB) conjugated with a fluorophore (F) and quencher (Q) pair for signal generation.


Assuntos
DNA/análise , Fluorometria/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Sondas de Oligonucleotídeos/metabolismo , Ribonuclease H/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Hemocromatose/genética , Humanos , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Sondas de Oligonucleotídeos/química
3.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 493(1): 534-541, 2017 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28867195

RESUMO

PI3K pathway is an important anti-tumor target, but its effect and mechanism is not clear in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). By analysis of the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets, we found that PI3Ks level were significantly upregulated in human esophageal cancer tissues compared with that in non-cancer tissues. The alteration of PI3K can significantly affect the overall patient survival in ESCC but not in esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). We found that the classic PI3K inhibitor LY294002 obviously inhibited the canonical mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway and restrained the growth of ESCC with less toxicity to normal cells. Besides, LY294002 inhibited noncanonical PKR-like ER kinase (PERK)/elF2α/ATF4 pathway as well. Both siRNA and the small molecule inhibitor GSK2656157 against PERK/elF2α/ATF4 pathway can significantly inhibit the growth of ESCC. More importantly, GSK2656157 aggravated the inhibitory effect of LY294002 on cell growth, colony formation, and apoptosis induction of ESCC. In addition of dual high expression of PI3K and PERK pathways in the ESCC patients, the difference of overall survival (OS) was more significant than using PI3K alone. These results indicated that dual targeting of PI3K and PERK pathways might improve clinical prognosis and enhance the treatment of ESCC patients.


Assuntos
Adenina/análogos & derivados , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Indóis/administração & dosagem , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , eIF-2 Quinase/metabolismo , Adenina/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , eIF-2 Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores
4.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 35(11): 3236-40, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26978943

RESUMO

The detection of Hg²âº ions usually requires large laboratory equipment, which encounters difficulties for rapid field test in most applications. In this paper, we design a reflective sensor for trace Hg²âº analysis based on the fluorescent quenching of Quantum dots, which contains two major modules, i. e. the fluorescent sensing module and the signal processing module. The fluorescence sensing module is composed of a laser source, a light collimated system and a photo-detector, which enables the realization of the fluorescence excitation as well as its detection. The signal processing module realized the further amplification of the detected signal and hereafter the filtering of noises. Furthermore, the Hg²âº concentration will displayed on the QT interface using a Linux embedded system. The sensor system is low cost and small, which makes it available for rapid field test or portable applications. Experimental results show that the sensor has a good linear relationship for the Hg²âº concentration range from 15.0 x 10⁻9 to 1.8 x 10⁻6 mol · L⁻¹. The regression equation is V0/V = 1.309 13 + 3.37c, where c is Hg²âº concentration, and V0 is the voltage value for the blank case. In our work, the linearity is determined as 0. 989 26. The experiments exhibit that Ca²âº, Mn²âº and Pb²âº ions have small influence on the Hg²âº detection, and the interfere of other common ions can be neglected, which indicates a good selectivity of the sensor. Finally, it shows that our sensor has a rapid response time of 35 s and a good repeatability, thus it is potential for field test of trace Hg²âº.

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