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1.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 12(1): 15, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28058649

RESUMO

In this work, we report on electrically pumped III-N microcavity (MC) light emitters incorporating oxide confinement apertures. The utilized SiO2 aperture can provide a planar ITO design with a higher index contrast (~1) over other previously reported approaches. The fabricated MC light emitter with a 15-µm-aperture shows a turn-on voltage of 3.3 V, which is comparable to conventional light emitting diodes (LEDs), showing a good electrical property of the proposed structure. A uniform light output profile within the emission aperture suggesting the good capability of current spreading and current confinement of ITO and SiO2 aperture, respectively. Although the quality factor (Q) of fabricated MC is not high enough to achieve lasing action (~500), a superlinear emission can still be reached under a high current injection density (2.83 kA/cm2) at 77 K through the exciton-exciton scattering, indicating the high potential of this structure for realizing excitonic vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) action or even polariton laser after fabrication optimization.

2.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 11(1): 319, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27364999

RESUMO

We reported an easy fabrication method to realize ZnO-based microcavities with various cavity shapes by focused ion beam (FIB) milling. The optical characteristics of different shaped microcavities have been systematically carried out and analyzed. Through comprehensive studies of cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence spectra, the whispering gallery mode (WGM) was observed in different shaped microcavities. Up further increasing excitation, the lasing action was dominated by these WGMs and matched very well to the simulated results. Our experiment shows that ZnO microcavities with different shapes can be made with high quality by FIB milling for specific applications of microlight sources and optical devices.

3.
Sci Rep ; 6: 20581, 2016 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26838665

RESUMO

Unlike conventional photon lasing, in which the threshold is limited by the population inversion of the electron-hole plasma, the exciton lasing generated by exciton-exciton scattering and the polariton lasing generated by dynamical condensates have received considerable attention in recent years because of the sub-Mott density and low-threshold operation. This paper presents a novel approach to generate both exciton and polariton lasing in a strongly coupled microcavity (MC) and determine the critical driving requirements for simultaneously triggering these two lasing operation in temperature <140 K and large negative polariton-exciton offset (<-133 meV) conditions. In addition, the corresponding lasing behaviors, such as threshold energy, linewidth, phase diagram, and angular dispersion are verified. The results afford a basis from which to understand the complicated lasing mechanisms in strongly coupled MCs and verify a new method with which to trigger dual laser emission based on exciton and polariton.

4.
ACS Nano ; 9(4): 3978-83, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25853853

RESUMO

Nanolasers with an ultracompact footprint can provide high-intensity coherent light, which can be potentially applied to high-capacity signal processing, biosensing, and subwavelength imaging. Among various nanolasers, those with cavities surrounded by metals have been shown to have superior light emission properties because of the surface plasmon effect that provides enhanced field confinement capability and enables exotic light-matter interaction. In this study, we demonstrated a robust ultraviolet ZnO nanolaser that can operate at room temperature by using silver to dramatically shrink the mode volume. The nanolaser shows several distinct features including an extremely small mode volume, a large Purcell factor, and a slow group velocity, which ensures strong interaction with the exciton in the nanowire.


Assuntos
Lasers , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Óxido de Zinco , Temperatura Ambiente
5.
Opt Express ; 22(8): 9789-97, 2014 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24787864

RESUMO

We report on the numerical analysis of the electrical and optical properties of current-injected III-nitride based vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) with three types of current confinement schemes: the conventional planar-indium tin oxide (ITO) type, the AlN-buried type without ITO, and the hybrid type. The proposed hybrid structure, which combines an ITO layer and an intracavity AlN aperture, exhibits not only uniform current distribution but also enhanced lateral optical confinement. Thus, the hybrid type design shows remarkably better performance including lower threshold current and series resistance compared with the planar-ITO type and the AlN-buried type. Furthermore, the multi-transverse mode lasing behavior induced by strong index guiding of the AlN aperture is suppressed to single transverse mode operation by reducing the aperture size. Such design provides a powerful solution for the high performance III-N based VCSELs and is also viable by using current state of the art processing techniques.

6.
Opt Express ; 22(3): 2317-23, 2014 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24663524

RESUMO

We demonstrated GaN-based photonic crystal (PC) nanobeam cavities by using the e-beam lithography and the suspended nanobeams were realized by focused-ion beam (FIB) milling. One resonant mode was clearly observed at 411.7 nm at 77K by optical pumping. The quality factor was measured to be to 7.4 × 10(2). Moreover, the degree of polarization value was measured to be 40%. The temperature-dependent characteristics were measured and discussed, which unambiguously demonstrated that the observed resonant peak originated from the band-edge mode of the one-dimensional PC nanobeam.

7.
Opt Express ; 20(18): 20551-7, 2012 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23037102

RESUMO

The GaN-based membrane high contrast grating (HCG) reflectors have been fabricated and investigated. The structural parameters including grating periods, grating height, filling factors and air-gap height were calculated to realize high reflectivity spectra with broad bandwidth by the rigorous coupled-wave analysis and finite-difference time-domain method. Based on the optimized simulation results, the GaN-based membrane HCGs were fabricated by e-beam lithography and focused-ion beam process. The fabricated GaN-based membrane HCG reflectors revealed high reflectivity at 460 nm band with large stopband width of 60 nm in the TE polarization measured by using the micro-reflectivity spectrometer. The experimental results also showed a good agreement with simulated ones. We believe this study will be helpful for development of the GaN-based novel light emitting devices in the blue or UV region.


Assuntos
Gálio/química , Lentes , Membranas Artificiais , Refratometria/instrumentação , Projeto Auxiliado por Computador , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento
8.
Nanotechnology ; 23(4): 045303, 2012 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22222308

RESUMO

In this paper, the high performance GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with embedded microscale air voids and an SiO(2) nanomask by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) were demonstrated. Microscale air voids and an SiO(2) nanomask were clearly observed at the interface between GaN nanorods (NRs) and the overgrown GaN layer by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). From the reflectance spectra we show strong reflectance differences due to the different refractive index gradient between the GaN grown on the nanotemplate and sapphire. It can increase the light extraction efficiency due to additional light scattering. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images show the threading dislocations were suppressed by nanoscale epitaxial lateral overgrowth (NELOG). The LEDs with embedded microscale air voids and an SiO(2) nanomask exhibit smaller reverse-bias current and large enhancement of the light output (65% at 20 mA) compared with conventional LEDs.

9.
Opt Express ; 19(19): 17960-5, 2011 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21935160

RESUMO

We report the observation of room temperature lasing action in optically pumped GaN nanopillars. The nanopillars were fabricated by patterned etching and crystalline regrowth from a GaN substrate. When nanopillars were optically excited, a narrow emission peak emerged from the broad spontaneous emission background. The increasing rate is nine times faster than that of the spontaneous emission background, showing the onset of lasing action. The lasing occurs right at the center of spontaneous emission rather than the often reported redshifted wavelength. A spectroscopic ellipsometry analysis indicates that the gain of lasing action is provided by exciton transition.

10.
Nano Lett ; 11(7): 2791-5, 2011 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21675759

RESUMO

The strong light-matter interaction within a semiconductor high-Q microcavity has been used to produce half-matter/half-light quasiparticles, exciton-polaritons. The exciton-polaritons have very small effective mass and controllable energy-momentum dispersion relation. These unique properties of polaritons provide the possibility to investigate the fundamental physics including solid-state cavity quantum electrodynamics, and dynamical Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs). Thus far the polariton BEC has been demonstrated using optical excitation. However, from a practical viewpoint, the current injection polariton devices operating at room temperature would be most desirable. Here we report the first realization of a current injection microcavity GaN exciton-polariton light emitting diode (LED) operating under room temperature. The exciton-polariton emission from the LED at photon energy 3.02 eV under strong coupling condition is confirmed through temperature-dependent and angle-resolved electroluminescence spectra.


Assuntos
Gálio/química , Luz , Temperatura Ambiente , Nanotecnologia , Tamanho da Partícula , Fótons , Teoria Quântica , Semicondutores , Propriedades de Superfície
11.
Opt Lett ; 36(10): 1908-10, 2011 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21593931

RESUMO

We have analyzed threshold gains and lasing modes in GaN-based photonic crystal (PC) surface emitting lasers (PCSELs) by using the multiple scattering method (MSM) for triangular-lattice PC patterns. Moreover, GaN-based PCSELs with different boundary shapes have been fabricated and measured. The lasing mode at the Γ band edge of GaN-based PCSELs can be identified by using the angled resolved spectroscopy and matched well to the results calculated by MSM. Threshold conditions in the GaN-based PCSELs with different boundary shapes are obtained by optical pumping and agree well with simulation results.

12.
Opt Express ; 19(5): 4101-12, 2011 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21369239

RESUMO

Wide bandgap semiconductors are promising materials for the development of polariton-based optoelectronic devices operating at room temperature (RT). We report the characteristics of ZnO-based microcavities (MCs) in the strong coupling regime at RT with a vacuum Rabi splitting of 72 meV. The impact of scattering states of excitons on polariton dispersion is investigated. Only the lower polariton branches (LPBs) can be clearly observed in ZnO MCs since the large vacuum Rabi splitting pushes the upper polariton branches (UPBs) into the scattering absorption states in the ZnO bulk active region. In addition, we systematically investigate the polariton relaxation bottleneck in bulk ZnO-based MCs. Angle-resolved photoluminescence measurements are performed from 100 to 300 K for different cavity-exciton detunings. A clear polariton relaxation bottleneck is observed at low temperature and large negative cavity detuning conditions. The bottleneck is suppressed with increasing temperature and decreasing detuning, due to more efficient phonon-assisted relaxation and a longer radiative lifetime of the polaritons.


Assuntos
Refratometria/instrumentação , Óxido de Zinco/química , Campos Eletromagnéticos , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Teste de Materiais , Miniaturização , Espalhamento de Radiação , Temperatura Ambiente
13.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 8(9): 4395-8, 2008 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19049031

RESUMO

We describe synthesis of In2O3 nanoloquats grown by thermal evaporation under different oxygen flow rates and temperatures. Gold nanoparticles were used the catalysts and were dispersed on the silicon wafer to assist growth of In2O3 nanoloquats. The nanostructures of In2O3 nanoloquats were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The photoluminescence study reveals that In2O3 nanoloquats could emit different broadband luminescence peaks in the range of 410-620 nm by tuning different oxygen flow rates and temperatures. The wide tuning range in the emission peaks of In2O3 nanoloquats has potential in applications of white light illumination.

14.
Appl Opt ; 45(13): 3173-6, 2006 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16639468

RESUMO

The saturation spectrum of the P(84) 5-5 transition of 127I2 at 657.483 nm is obtained with the third-harmonic demodulation method using an external cavity diode laser. The laser frequency is modulated by modulating the diode current instead of modulating the cavity length with a piezoelectric transducer (PZT). Current modulation allows a modulation frequency that is higher than PZT modulation. The signal-to-noise ratio of 1000 is better than previous results presented in the literature. The laser is frequency stabilized to the hyperfine component o of the P(84) 5-5 transition with a frequency stability of better than 10 kHz (2.2 x 10(-11) relative stability).

15.
Appl Opt ; 42(27): 5496-9, 2003 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14526836

RESUMO

We report a first demonstration, to our knowledge, of a cw passively mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser (k = 1063 nm). A relaxed saturable Bragg reflector was used. The laser generates pulses of 9.2 ps at a repetition rate of 119 MHz. As much as 5.4 W of average power was realized with a slope efficiency of 25.7%.

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