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1.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 1061, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703584

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To reveal roles of reactive oxygen species (ROS) status in chemotherapy resistance and to develop a ROS scoring system for prognosis prediction in ovarian cancer. METHODS: We tested the sensitizing effects of ROS elevating drugs to cisplatin (cDDP) in ovarian cancer both in vitro and in vivo. A ROS scoring system was developed using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database of ovarian cancer. The associations between ROS scores and overall survival (OS) were analyzed in TCGA, Tothill dataset, and our in-house dataset (TJ dataset). RESULTS: ROS-inducing drugs increased cisplatin-induced ovarian cancer cell injury in vitro and in vivo. ROS scoring system was established using 25 ROS-related genes. Patients were divided into low (scores 0-12) and high (scores 13-25) score groups. Improved patient survival was associated with higher scores (TCGA dataset hazard ratio (HR) = 0.43, P < 0.001; Tothill dataset HR = 0.65, P = 0.022; TJ dataset HR = 0.40, P = 0.003). The score was also significantly associated with OS in multiple datasets (TCGA dataset r2 = 0.574, P = 0.032; Thothill dataset r2 = 0.266, P = 0.049; TJ dataset r2 = 0.632, P = 0.001) and with cisplatin sensitivity in ovarian cancer cell lines (r2 = 0.799, P = 0.016) when used as a continuous variable. The scoring system showed better prognostic performance than other clinical factors by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves (TCGA dataset area under the curve (AUC) = 0.71 v.s. 0.65, Tothill dataset AUC = 0.73 v.s. 0.67, TJ dataset AUC = 0.74 v.s. 0.66). CONCLUSIONS: ROS status is associated with chemotherapy resistance. ROS score system might be a prognostic biomarker in predicting the survival benefit from ovarian cancer patients.

2.
Oncogene ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705064

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer selective metastasizes to the omentum contributing to the poor prognosis associated with ovarian cancer. However, the mechanism underlining this propensity and therapeutic approaches to counter this process has not been fully elucidated. Here, we show that MCP-1 produced by omental adipocytes binding to its cognate receptor CCR-2 on ovarian cancer cells facilitates migration and omental metastasis by activating the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and its downstream effectors HIF-1α and VEGF-A in cell lines, xenografts, and transgenic murine models. MCP-1 antibody significantly decreased tumor burden and increased survival of mice in vivo. Interestingly, metformin decreased omental metastasis at least partially by inhibiting MCP-1 secretion from adipocytes independent of direct effects on cancer cells. Together this suggests a novel target of MCP-1/CCR-2 axis that could benefit ovarian cancer patients.

3.
EBioMedicine ; 2019 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding how cells respond to mitotic poisons is of great biomedical and clinical significance. However, it remains unknown how cell-death or survival is determined during exposure to anti-mitotic drugs. METHODS: The biological effects of SLC39A6 (LIV-1) and GrpE-like 1 (GRPEL1) on mitotic exit and apoptosis were evaluated both in vitro and in vivo using flow cytometry, western blotting, xenografts and time-lapse imaging. The interactions between proteins and the ubiquitination of GRPEL1 were assessed by GST pull down, immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry analysis. The expression of LIV-1 in cancers was assessed by immunohistochemistry. FINDINGS: Overexpression of LIV-1 led to direct apoptosis. Depleted for LIV-1 evade anti-mitotic agent-induced killing through a rapid exit from arrested mitosis. LIV-1 interacts with GRPEL1 and Stabilizes GRPEL1 Protein by Preventing Ubiquitylation of GRPEL1. LIV-1-GRPEL1 axis depletion works to reduce the mitotic arrest by inducing PP2A-B55α phosphates activity, while inhibit apoptosis by banding AIF and preventing the latter's release into the nucleus. Loss of function in this axis was frequent in multiple types of human epithelial cancer. INTERPRETATION: These data demonstrate that LIV-1-GRPEL1 axis dually regulates mitotic exit as well as apoptosis by interacting with PP2A B55α and AIF. Its discovery constitutes a conceptual advance for the decisive mechanism of cell fate during damaged mitosis. FUND: National Clinical Research Center for Obstetric and Gynecologic Diseases, the National Natural Science Foundation of China.

4.
Hypertension ; 74(6): 1349-1356, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630576

RESUMO

Central aortic blood pressure (BP) has been increasingly recognized as having a closer relationship with cardiovascular risks than peripheral BP. However, the effects of particulate matter pollution on central aortic BP have not been clearly demonstrated. In this study, we assessed the association between short-term ambient fine particulate matter (with an aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 µm; PM2.5) exposure and central aortic BP in a Chinese community-based population. A total of 4715 visits were in our final analysis, including 2151 visits at the baseline and 2564 visits at the follow-up. Central aortic systolic BP (cSBP) was measured noninvasively using the method of radial artery tonometry with Omron HEM-9000AI machine. Data from air pollution monitoring stations were used to estimate daily PM2.5 exposure. Generalized additive mixed models with clinical and meteorologic covariates adjusted were used to examine the association between PM2.5 exposure and cSBP. The relationships between PM2.5 exposure and cSBP were nonlinear, and significant increments of cSBP were observed when the PM2.5 exposure concentration was above 100 µg/cm3. An interquartile range increase (80.25 µg/m3) in daily PM2.5 on the day of cSBP measurement (lag 0 day) was associated with 2.54 mm Hg (95% CI, 0.92-4.16) elevation in cSBP. The associations of PM2.5 with cSBP were not modified by age, sex, body mass index, medications, and comorbid diseases except for cardiovascular disease. Our findings demonstrated that short-term exposure to high concentration of ambient PM2.5 above 100 µg/cm3 was associated with significant increases in central aortic BP in a Chinese community-based population.

5.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(11): 3785-3794, 2019 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182682

RESUMO

A number of studies have shown that metformin can delay aging process and extend healthy lifespan in animals. However, its role in female reproductive lifespan is unclear. This study was aimed to explore the potential anti-aging effect of metformin on the ovary and its possible mechanisms. Female C57BL/6 mice of 27-week old were divided into two groups, the control group (CON) and metformin-treated group (MET). CON mice were fed ad libitum, while MET mice were fed on chows supplied with 100mg/kg metformin for half a year. Ovarian reserve and function were assessed by ovarian follicle counts, estrous cycle and sex hormones levels. The expressions of oxidized metabolites, such as 8-hydroxy-2´-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), nitrotyrosine (NTY), and ovarian aging associated proteins P16, SIRT1, p-rpS6 and Bcl2 were examined. The MET mice exhibited increased level of serum E2 hormone and higher percentage of regular estrous cycles after 6 months' feeding, compared to the CON mice. The amount of primordial and primary follicles and the expression of SIRT1 were significantly increased, but the levels of P16, 8-OHdG, 4-HNE and p-rpS6 were decreased in the MET mice. These results indicate that metformin can delay ovarian aging process, probably by inducing the expression of SIRT1 and reducing the oxidative damage.

6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 3842312, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31058188

RESUMO

There are about 1-2 million follicles presented in the ovary at birth, while only around 1000 primordial follicles are left at menopause. The ovarian function also decreases in parallel with aging. Folliculogenesis is vital for ovarian function, no matter the synthesis of female hormones or ovulation, yet the mechanisms for its changing with increasing age are not fully understood. Early follicle growth up to the large preantral stage is independent of gonadotropins in rodents and relies on intraovarian factors. To further understand the age-related molecular changes in the process of folliculogenesis, we performed microarray gene expression profile analysis using total RNA extracted from young (9 weeks old) and old (32 weeks old) mouse ovarian secondary follicles. The results of our current microarray study revealed that there were 371 (≥2-fold, q-value ≤0.05) genes differentially expressed in which 174 genes were upregulated and 197 genes were downregulated in old mouse ovarian secondary follicles compared to young mouse ovarian secondary follicles. The gene ontology and KEGG pathway analysis of differentially expressed genes uncovered critical biological functions such as immune system process, aging, transcription, DNA replication, DNA repair, protein stabilization, and apoptotic process were affected in the process of aging. The considerable changes in gene expression profile may have an adverse influence on follicle quality and folliculogenesis. Our study provided information on the processes that may contribute to age-related decline in ovarian function.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/genética , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovário/crescimento & desenvolvimento , RNA/genética , Animais , Reparo do DNA/genética , Replicação do DNA/genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Humanos , Menopausa/genética , Camundongos , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oócitos/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Ovário/metabolismo , Ovulação/genética , RNA/biossíntese , Transcriptoma/genética
7.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(12): 22554-22564, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31111482

RESUMO

As a fundamental aging mechanism, cellular senescence causes chronic inflammation via the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Theca-interstitial cells are an essential but little-studied component of follicle development in the ovarian microenvironment. In the present study, we observed significant cellular senescence in theca-interstitial cells and secretion of chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5 (CCL5) by these cells during aging. Furthermore, we aimed to investigate whether and how senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP)-associated CCL5 may be involved in follicle development. Increased levels of CCL5 in the microenvironment of follicles attenuated preantral follicle growth, survival, and estradiol secretion. Oocyte maturation and the expression of zona pellucida 3 and differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) were also inhibited by CCL5. Granulosa cell apoptosis in follicles was promoted by CCL5, accompanied by the phosphorylation of nuclear factor-κB by CCL5 and inhibition of the PI3K/AKT pathway. These results suggest that SASP-associated CCL5 produced by senescent theca-interstitial cells may impair follicle development and maturation during ovarian aging by promoting granulosa cell apoptosis.

8.
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol ; 317(1): F116-F123, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091124

RESUMO

Stress granules (SGs) are a type of cytoplasmic structures formed in eukaryotic cells upon cell stress, which mainly contain RNA-binding proteins and RNAs. The formation of SGs is generally regarded as a mechanism for cells to survive a harsh insult. However, little is known about SG formation and function in kidneys. To address this, we applied different kinds of stressors to cultured proximal tubular cells as well as a short period of ischemia-reperfusion to mouse kidneys. It was found that glycolytic inhibitors such as 2-deoxy-d-glucose and 3-(3-pyridinyl)-1-(4-pyridinyl)-2-propen-1-one induced SG formation within 30 min in these cells. Similarly, SGs were induced by inhibitors of mitochondrial respiration such as sodium azide and CCCP. Renal ischemia-reperfusion induced SG formation in the cells of proximal tubules. To test the role of SGs, we stably knocked down G3bp1, a SG core protein, in renal tubular cells by shRNA viral transduction. As expected, knockdown of G3bp1 largely disrupted the assembly of SGs. After azide or cisplatin treatment, more dead cells were found in knockdown cells compared with controls, accompanied by increases in cleaved/active caspase-3. Reintroduction of exogenous G3bp1 into knockdown cells could rescue the cell death phenotype. Taken together, our data provide the first evidence of SG formation in renal tubular cells during metabolic stress and acute kidney injury. SGs are formed to protect proximal tubular cells under these conditions. Modulation of SG biogenesis may provide a novel approach to lessen the severity of renal diseases.

9.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 30(7): 1174-1191, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that undergo fission and fusion. During cell stress, mitochondrial dynamics shift to fission, leading to mitochondrial fragmentation, membrane leakage, and apoptosis. Mitochondrial fragmentation requires the cleavage of both outer and inner membranes, but the mechanism of inner membrane cleavage is unclear. Bif-1 and prohibitin-2 may regulate mitochondrial dynamics. METHODS: We used azide-induced ATP depletion to incite cell stress in mouse embryonic fibroblasts and renal proximal tubular cells, and renal ischemia-reperfusion to induce stress in mice. We also used knockout cells and mice to determine the role of Bif-1, and used multiple techniques to analyze the molecular interaction between Bif-1 and prohibitin-2. RESULTS: Upon cell stress, Bif-1 translocated to mitochondria to bind prohibitin-2, resulting in the disruption of prohibitin complex and proteolytic inactivation of the inner membrane fusion protein OPA1. Bif-1-deficiency inhibited prohibitin complex disruption, OPA1 proteolysis, mitochondrial fragmentation, and apoptosis. Domain deletion analysis indicated that Bif-1 interacted with prohibitin-2 via its C-terminus. Notably, mutation of Bif-1 at its C-terminal tryptophan-344 not only prevented Bif-1/prohibitin-2 interaction but also reduced prohibitin complex disruption, OPA1 proteolysis, mitochondrial fragmentation, and apoptosis, supporting a pathogenic role of Bif-1/prohibitin-2 interaction. In mice, Bif-1 bound prohibitin-2 during renal ischemia/reperfusion injury, and Bif-1-deficiency protected against OPA1 proteolysis, mitochondrial fragmentation, apoptosis and kidney injury. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that during cell stress, Bif-1 regulates mitochondrial inner membrane by interacting with prohibitin-2 to disrupt prohibitin complexes and induce OPA1 proteolysis and inactivation.

10.
Exp Cell Res ; 377(1-2): 36-46, 2019 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30797753

RESUMO

Postnatal folliculogenesis, primordial follicle activation and follicular development at early stage are important for normal ovarian function and fertility, and a comprehensive understanding of this process under physiological condition is necessary. To observe the regulation and mechanism of ovarian follicle development during the prepubertal stages, we collected the mouse ovaries from three time points, including 1 day, 7 days, and 4 weeks after birth. We then performed a proteomic analysis using tandem mass tags (TMT) labeling combined with a two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (2D LC-MS/MS) technique. A total of 706 proteins were determined to be significant differential abundance (P-SDA). Sixty upregulated proteins and 12 downregulated proteins that were P-SDA and 3 significant KEGG pathways (P < 0.05) were found at 7 days vs. 1 day after birth, while 237 upregulated proteins, 271 downregulated proteins and 42 significant KEGG pathways were found for 4 weeks vs. 7 days after birth. Some vital genes (Figla, Ooep, Padi6, Zp3, Hsd3b1, cyp11a1), key pathways (ECM-receptor interaction, focal adhesion, ovarian steroidogenesis, complement and coagulation cascades, PI3K/Akt/mTOR), and metabolic regulation (energy metabolism, lipid metabolism, metal ion metabolism) were found to be related to the postnatal folliculogenesis, primordial follicle activation and follicular development. Finally, qRT-PCR and western blotting verified some vital genes and further elucidated the developmental process of follicles, and the results may contribute to the understanding of the formation and activation of primordial follicle and follicular development. Significance: This study offers the first proteomic insights into mechanisms of follicle development under physiological condition during the prepubertal stages. By comparing P-SDA of mouse ovaries during various period of age, our data reveals that the regulation of primordial follicle formation and activation is significantly different from that of follicular development. These findings demonstrate that many unique molecular mechanisms underlie ovarian development could be used for ovarian disease research.

11.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(3): 1030-1044, 2019 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30779707

RESUMO

Chemotherapy-induced ovarian aging not only increases the risk for early menopause-related complications but also results in infertility in young female cancer survivors. Oogonial stem cells have the ability to generate new oocytes and thus provide new opportunities for treating ovarian aging and female infertility. Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a natural phenol derived from plants, that has been shown to have positive effects on longevity and redox flow in lipid metabolism and a preventive function against certain tumors. To evaluate whether resveratrol could promote the repair of oogonial stem cells damage in a busulfan/cyclophosphamide (Bu/Cy)-induced accelerated ovarian aging model, female mice were administered 30 and 100 mg/kg/d resveratrol through a gavage for 2 weeks. We demonstrated that resveratrol (30 mg/kg/d) relieved oogonial stem cells loss and showed an attenuating effect on Bu/Cy-induced oxidative apoptosis in mouse ovaries, which may be attributed to the attenuation of oxidative levels in ovaries. Additionally, we also showed that Res exerted a dose-dependent effect on oogonial stem cells and attenuated H2O2-induced cytotoxicity and oxidative stress injury by activating Nrf2 in vitro. Therefore, resveratrol could be of a potential therapeutic drug used to prevent chemotherapy-induced ovarian aging.

12.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(2): 817-832, 2019 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30674710

RESUMO

Aging has been regarded as a treatable condition, and delaying aging could prevent some diseases. Ovarian aging, a special type of organ senescence, is the earliest-aging organ, as ovaries exhibit an accelerated rate of aging with characteristics of gradual declines in ovarian follicle quantity and quality since birth, compared to other organs. Ovarian aging is considered as the pacemaker of female body aging, which drives the aging of multiple organs of the body. Hence, anti-ovarian aging has become a research topic broadly interesting to both biomedical scientists and pharmaceutical industry. A marked progress has been made in exploration of possible anti-ovarian agents or approaches, such as calorie restriction mimetics, antioxidants, autophagy inducers etc., over the past years. This review is attempted to discuss recent advances in the area of anti-ovarian aging pharmacology and to offer new insights into our better understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying ovarian aging, which might be informative for future prevention and treatment of ovarian aging and its related diseases.

13.
EBioMedicine ; 40: 92-105, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30674441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ubiquinol-cytochrome C reductase core protein II (QCR2) is essential for mitochondrial functions, yet, its role in cancer development has remained elusive. METHODS: The expression of QCR2 in cancer patients was assessed by immunohistochemistry. The proliferation of cancer cells was assessed by CCK-8 assay, EdU staining and Flow cytometry analysis. The biological function of QCR2 and PHB were determined using western blotting, RT-qPCR, microarray analysis and xenografts. The interactions between proteins and the ubiquitination of p53 were assessed by immunoprecipitation, mass spectrometry analysis and GST pull down. The subcellular location of PHB and QCR2 was assessed by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence. FINDING: The expression of QCR2 is upregulated in multiple human tumors. Suppression of QCR2 inhibits cancer cell growth by activating p53 signaling and inducing p21-dependent cell cycle arrest and senescence. QCR2 directly interacts with PHB in the mitochondria. Overexpression of QCR2 inhibits PHB binding to p53 in the nucleus, and facilitates p53 ubiquitination and degradation, consequently leading to tumorigenesis. Also, increased QCR2 and decreased PHB protein levels are well correlated with decreased expression of p21 in cervical cancer tissues. INTERPRETATION: These results identify a novel role for QCR2, together with PHB, in negative regulation of p53 stability and activity, thus promote cervical carcinogenesis. FUND: "973" Program of China, the National Science-technology Supporting Plan Projects, the National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Science and Technology Major Sub-Project and Technical Innovation Special Project of Hubei Province.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Complexo III da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Animais , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Senescência Celular/genética , Complexo III da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Camundongos , Modelos Biológicos , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Ligação Proteica , Proteólise , Ubiquitinação
16.
J Cell Physiol ; 2018 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30256425

RESUMO

Mammalian oocytes go through a long and complex developmental process, while acquiring the competencies that are required for fertilization and embryogenesis. Recent studies revealed that the communication between oocytes and granulosa cells (GCs) is a critical process for female follicle development. In the current study, we aimed to study whether and how semaphorin 6C (Sema6c) regulated the cell junctions between oocytes and GCs in mice preantral follicles. The attenuation of SEMA6C expression by siRNA decreased the cell-cell junctions and accelerated follicle atresia in vitro. PI3K-AKT pathway was activated when SEMA6C expression was downregulated. And the LY294002, a PI3K inhibitor, could reverse the effect of low SEMA6C expression on cell junctions in preantral follicles. Our findings revealed that Sema6c was involved in follicle development, and the suppression of SEMA6C led to cell junction defection by activating the PI3K/AKT pathway, which might also provide valuable information for understanding premature ovarian failure and ovarian aging.

17.
Dalton Trans ; 47(30): 10288-10298, 2018 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30019730

RESUMO

Herein, we report a BiVO4 quantum dot (QDs)-decorated BiPO4 nanorods 0D/1D heterojunction via an in situ growth method. It showed enhanced visible-light-driven photocatalytic activity for degrading Rhodamine B (Rh B) compared to its pristine counterparts in composite. The mass ratio of BiVO4/BiPO4 was then varied from 3 wt% to 50 wt% and the optimum value was found to be 30 wt%, showing 8.3-fold and 6.3-fold apparent reaction rates higher than those of pristine BiPO4 and BiVO4, respectively. Moreover, all of the reduced Rh B was transformed into CO2 and H2O during the photocatalysis, thus showing the good mineralization ability (almost 100%) of the composite. Furthermore, the photocatalytic mechanism of the composite was also investigated here by the zeta potential, scavenger experiments, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL), transient photocurrent and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Results show that (i) ˙OH was the main reactive species and (ii) BiVO4 could form a heterojunction with BiPO4, thus widening the response range to the visible region and accelerating the charge separation and transfer.

18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 10(5): 1089-1102, 2018 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29787998

RESUMO

Superovulation procedures and assisted reproductive technologies have been widely used to treat couples who have infertility problems. Although generally safe, the superovulation procedures are associated with a series of complications, such as ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome, thromboembolism, and adnexal torsion. The role of long-term repeated superovulation in ovarian aging and especially in associated disorders such as osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases is still unclear. In this study, we sought to determine if repeated superovulation by ten cycles of treatment with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin/human chorionic gonadotropin could affect ovarian reserve, ovarian function, bone density and heart function. Ovarian reserve and function were reflected by the size of the primordial follicle pool, anti-Mullerian hormone expressions, hormone levels and fertility status. Furthermore, we examined bone density and heart function by microCT and cardiovascular ultrasonography, respectively. After repeated superovulation, the size of the primordial follicle pool and the expression of anti-mullerian hormone decreased, along with the concentrations of estrogen and progesterone. Mice exposed to repeated superovulation showed an obvious decrease in fertility and fecundity. Furthermore, both bone density and heart ejection fraction significantly decreased. These results suggest that repeated superovulation may increase the risk of osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases by accelerating ovarian aging.

19.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 46(5): 2114-2126, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29723864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The isolation and establishment of female germline stem cells (FGSCs) is controversial because of questions regarding the reliability and stability of the isolation method using antibody targeting mouse vasa homologue (MVH), and the molecular mechanism of FGSCs self-renewal remains unclear. Thus, there needs to be a simple and reliable method for sorting FGSCs to study them. METHODS: We applied the differential adhesion method to enrich FGSCs (DA-FGSCs) from mouse ovaries. Through four rounds of purification and 7-9 subsequent passages, DA-FGSC lines were established. In addition, we assessed the role of the phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)-AKT pathway in regulating FGSC self-renewal. RESULTS: The obtained DA-FGSCs spontaneously differentiated into oocyte-like cells in vitro and formed functional eggs in vivo that were fertilized and produced healthy offspring. AKT was rapidly phosphorylated when the proliferation rate of FGSCs increased after 10 passages, and the addition of a chemical PI3K inhibitor prevented FGSCs self-renewal. Furthermore, over-expression of AKT-induced proliferation and differentiation of FGSCs, c-Myc, Oct-4 and Gdf-9 levels were increased. CONCLUSIONS: The differential adhesion method provides a more feasible approach and is an easier procedure to establish FGSC lines than traditional methods. The AKT pathway plays an important role in regulation of the proliferation and maintenance of FGSCs. These findings could help promote stem cell studies and provide a better understanding of causes of ovarian infertility, thereby providing potential treatments for infertility.


Assuntos
Separação Celular/métodos , Células-Tronco de Oogônios/citologia , Ovário/citologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Animais , Adesão Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Cell Death Dis ; 9(6): 594, 2018 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29789601

RESUMO

High-mobility group AT-hook1 (HMGA1, formerly HMG-I/Y), an architectural transcription factor, participates in a number of tumor biological processes. However, its effect on cervical cancer remains largely indistinct. In this study, we found that HMGA1 was generally overexpressed in cervical cancer tissues and was positively correlated with lymph node metastasis and advanced clinical stage. Via exogenously increasing or decreasing the expression of HMGA1, we showed that HMGA1 affected the proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells in vitro. Rescue experiments suggested that miR-221/222 could partly reverse HMGA1-mediated migration and invasion processes. Mechanistically, we discovered that HMGA1 accelerated the G1/S phase transition by regulating the expression of cyclin D1 and cyclin E1, which was consistent with the results of the in vivo experiment. Furthermore, we found that HMGA1 regulated the expression of the miR-221/222 cluster at the transcriptional level and that miR-221/222 targeted the 3'UTR of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 3(TIMP3). We propose a fresh perspective that HMGA1 participates in the migration and invasion process via the miR-221/222-TIMP3-MMP2/MMP9 axis in cervical cancer. In summary, our study identified a critical role played by HMGA1 in the progression of cervical cancer and the potential mechanisms by which exerts its effects, suggesting that targeting HMGA1-related pathways could be conducive to the therapies for cervical cancer.

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