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1.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, there is no approved blood-based biomarker for breast cancer detection. Herein, we aimed to assess semaphorin 4C (SEMA4C), a pivotal protein involved in breast cancer progression, as a serum diagnostic biomarker. METHODS: We included 6,213 consecutive inpatients from Tongji Hospital, Qilu Hospital, and Hubei Cancer Hospital. Training cohort and two validation cohorts were introduced for diagnostic exploration and validation. A pan-cancer cohort was used to independently explore the diagnostic potential of SEMA4C among solid tumors. Breast cancer patients who underwent mass excision prior to modified radical mastectomy were also analyzed. We hypothesized that increased pre-treatment serum SEMA4C levels, measured using optimized in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits, could detect breast cancer. The endpoints were diagnostic performance, including area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity. Post-surgery pathological diagnosis was the reference standard and breast cancer staging followed the TNM classification. There was no restriction on disease stage for eligibilities. RESULTS: We included 2667 inpatients with breast lesions, 2378 patients with other solid tumors, and 1168 healthy participants. Specifically, 118 patients with breast cancer were diagnosed with stage 0 (5.71%), 620 with stage I (30.00%), 966 with stage II (46.73%), 217 with stage III (10.50%), and 8 with stage IV (0.39%). Patients with breast cancer had significantly higher serum SEMA4C levels than benign breast tumor patients and normal controls (P < 0.001). Elevated serum SEMA4C levels had AUC of 0.920 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.900-0.941) and 0.932 (95%CI: 0.911-0.953) for breast cancer detection in the two validation cohorts. The AUCs for detecting early-stage breast cancer (n = 366) and ductal carcinoma in situ (n = 85) were 0.931 (95%CI: 0.916-0.946) and 0.879 (95%CI: 0.832-0.925), respectively. Serum SEMA4C levels significantly decreased after surgery, and the reduction was more striking after modified radical mastectomy, compared with mass excision (P < 0.001). The positive rate of enhanced serum SEMA4C levels was 84.77% for breast cancer and below 20.75% for the other 14 solid tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Serum SEMA4C demonstrated promising potential as a candidate biomarker for breast cancer diagnosis. However, validation in prospective settings and by other study groups is warranted.

2.
J Affect Disord ; 298(Pt A): 80-85, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728284

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic has significantly impacted people's lives. This study aimed to examine the influence of the unexpected second wave of COVID-19 on sleep quality and anxiety of Chinese residents in Beijing in June 2020, compared with the initial outbreak at the beginning of 2020, and to investigate the associated factors. METHODS: Using a web-based cross-sectional survey, we collected data from 1,511 participants. assessed with demographic information, sleep quality and anxiety symptoms. The participants were asked to compare their recent sleep and sleep during the first outbreak. The Zung's Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) was used to assess their current insomnia severity. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to analyze the association between COVID-19 epidemic and risk of sleep disturbance and anxiety symptom. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of sleep disturbance and anxiety symptoms were 50.8% and 15.3% respectively. People had significantly shorter sleep duration during the second wave of COVID-19(7.3 ± 1.3) h than the first outbreak (7.5 ± 1.4)h (p < 0.001). During the second outbreak, people were less concerned about infection and more concerned about financial stress and occupational inferference. Beijing residents did not have significant differences in sleep disturbance and anxiety compared with other regions, nor were occupations and nucleic acid testing associated risk factors. Home quarantine, health administrators, history of insomnia and anxiety-depression were significantly associated with sleep disturbance. Female gender, home quarantine, history of insomnia and anxiety-depression were significantly associated with anxiety. CONCLUSION: High prevalence of sleep disturbance and depression symptom was common during the second wave of COVID-19 crisis in Beijing. Home quarantine and previous history of insomnia and anxiety-depressive risk factors were associated with sleep disturbance and anxiety. Female gender was impacting predictor of anxiety. We need continuous assessment of the sleep quality and anxiety symptoms of this epidemic.

3.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846125

RESUMO

Synergistic phototherapy provides a promising strategy to conquer the hypoxia and heterogeneity of tumors and realize a better therapeutic effect than monomodal photodynamic therapy (PDT) or photothermal therapy (PTT). The development of efficient multifunctional organic phototheranostic systems still remains a challenging task. Herein, 9,10-phenanthrenequinone (PQ) with strong electron-withdrawing ability is conjugated with the rotor-type electron-donating triphenylamine derivatives to create a series of tailor-made photosensitizers. The highly efficient Type I reactive oxygen species generation and outstanding photothermal conversion capacity are tactfully integrated into these PQ-cored photosensitizers. The underlying photophysical and photochemical mechanisms of the combined photothermal and Type I photodynamic effects are deciphered by experimental and theoretical methods and are closely associated with the active intramolecular bond stretching vibration, facilitated intersystem crossing, and specific redox cycling activity of the PQ core. Both in vitro and in vivo evaluations demonstrate that the nanoagents fabricated by these PQ-based photosensitizers are excellent candidates for Type I photodynamic and photothermal combined antitumor therapy. This study thus broadens the horizon for the development of high-performance PTT/Type I PDT nanoagents for synergistic phototheranostic treatments.

4.
Phytomedicine ; 92: 153752, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cyclophosphamide (CTX), which has been used to treat common female cancers for several years, often causes ovarian damage, early menopause and infertility. However, strategies for the effective prevention and treatment of CTX-induced ovarian damage are still lacking. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and theaflavins (TFs), key molecules derived from green tea or black tea, have been shown to exert preventive effects on many ageing-related diseases. PURPOSE: We aimed to explore the potential preventive and protective effects of EGCG and TFs on CTX-induced ovarian damage and compare the two compounds. STUDY DESIGN: Six-week-old female mice were administered a low or high dose of EGCG or TFs. The low dose was equivalent to the average daily amount of tea consumed by a drinker. METHODS: We determined the oestrous cycle and serum hormone levels to evaluate ovarian endocrine function, and we performed mating tests for reproductivity. We also assessed the follicle count and AMH level to evaluate ovarian reserve, and we performed Masson's trichrome and Sirius red staining to evaluate ovarian fibrosis. We conducted γ-H2AX and TUNEL analyses to evaluate DNA damage, and we also measured the relevant indicators of oxidative stress and follicular activation, including NRF2, HO-1, SOD2, AKT, mTOR and RPS6. RESULTS: EGCG and TFs treatment independently improved the ovarian endocrine function and reproductivity of mice that were administered CTX. EGCG and TFs also increased the ovarian reserve of these animals. Furthermore, EGCG and TFs alleviated oxidation-induced damage to ovarian DNA in mice by activating the NRF2/HO-1 and SOD2 pathways and reducing the apoptosis of growing follicles. At the same time, EGCG and TFs reduced the overactivation of primordial follicles by inhibiting the AKT/mTOR/RPS6 pathway. CONCLUSION: The present study showed that EGCG and TFs independently improved ovarian function in mice with CTX-induced ovarian damage, thereby providing useful information for designing a potential clinical strategy that will protect against chemotherapy-induced ovarian damage.


Assuntos
Catequina , Atresia Folicular , Animais , Biflavonoides , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Catequina/farmacologia , Ciclofosfamida/toxicidade , Feminino , Camundongos
5.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 725298, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676225

RESUMO

Background: Population-based data on the risk assessment of newly diagnosed cervical cancer patients' bone metastasis (CCBM) are lacking. This study aimed to develop various predictive models to assess the risk of bone metastasis via machine learning algorithms. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the CCBM patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database of the National Cancer Institute to risk factors of the presence of bone metastasis. Clinical usefulness was assessed by Akaike information criteria (AIC) and multiple machine learning algorithms based predictive models. Concordance index (C-index) and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to define the predictive and discriminatory capacity of predictive models. Results: A total of 16 candidate variables were included to develop predictive models for bone metastasis by machine learning. The areas under the ROC curve (AUCs) of the random forest model (RF), generalized linear model (GL), support vector machine (SVM), eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost), artificial neutral network (ANN), decision tree (DT), and naive bayesian model (NBM) ranged from 0.85 to 0.93. The RF model with 10 variables was developed as the optimal predictive model. The weight of variables indicated the top seven factors were organ-site metastasis (liver, brain, and lung), TNM stage and age. Conclusions: Multiple machine learning based predictive models were developed to identify risk of bone metastasis in cervical cancer patients. By incorporating clinical characteristics and other candidate variables showed robust risk stratification for CCBM patients, and the RF predictive model performed best among these predictive models.

6.
Natl Sci Rev ; 8(6): nwaa306, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691667

RESUMO

Telomerase acts as an important biomarker for tumor identification, and synthesizes telomeric repeats at the end of chromosome telomeres during the replicative phase of the cell cycle; thus, the expression level of telomerase changes as the cell cycle progresses. TERT mRNA expression and telomerase activity were significantly increased in over 80% of human cancers from tissue specimens. Although many efforts have been made in detecting the activity of TERT mRNA and active telomerase, the heterogeneous behavior of the cell cycle was overlooked, which might affect the accuracy of the detection results. Herein, the AIEgen-based biosensing systems of PyTPA-DNA and Silole-R were developed to detect the cellular level of TERT mRNA and telomerase in different cell cycles. As a result, the fluorescence signal of cancer cells gradually increased from G0/G1, G1/S to S phase. In contrast, both cancer cells arrested at G2/M phase and normal cells exhibited negligible fluorescence intensities. Compared to normal tissues, malignant tumor samples demonstrated a significant turn-on fluorescence signal. Furthermore, the transcriptomics profiling revealed that tumor biomarkers changed as the cell cycle progressed and biomarkers of CA9, TK1 and EGFR were more abundantly expressed at early S stage. In this vein, our study presented advanced biosensing tools for more accurate analysis of the cell-cycle-dependent activity of TERT mRNA and active telomerase in clinical tissue samples.

7.
Natl Sci Rev ; 8(6): nwab039, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691671

RESUMO

Red blood cell (RBC)-mimicking nanoparticles (NPs) offer a promising platform for drug delivery because of their prolonged circulation time, reduced immunogenicity and specific targeting ability. Herein, we report the design and preparation of RBC membrane-bound NPs (M@AP), for tumoral photodynamic-immunotherapy. The M@AP is formed by self-assembly of the positively charged aggregation-induced emission luminogen (AIEgen) (named P2-PPh3) and the negatively charged polyinosinic : polycytidylic acid (Poly(I : C)), followed by RBC membrane encapsulation. P2-PPh3 is an AIE-active conjugated polyelectrolyte with additional photosensitizing ability for photodynamic therapy (PDT), while Poly(I : C) serves as an immune-stimulant to stimulate both tumor and immune cells to activate immunity, and thus reduces tumor cell viability. When applied in tumor-bearing mice, the M@AP NPs are enriched in both the tumor region as a result of an enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect, and the spleen because of the homing effect of the RBC-mimicking shell. Upon light irradiation, P2-PPh3 promotes strong ROS generation in tumor cells, inducing the release of tumor antigens (TA). The anti-tumor immunity is further enhanced by the presence of Poly(I : C) in M@AP. Thus, this strategy combines the PDT properties of the AIE-active polyelectrolyte and immunotherapy properties of Poly(I : C) to achieve synergistic activation of the immune system for anti-tumor activity, providing a novel strategy for tumor treatment.

8.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(5): 1671-1675, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627460

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients usually show immune dysfunction, which often leads to autoimmune hemocytopenia. Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is one of the common complications. The pathogenesis of CLL-related ITP is complex and has not been fully elucidated. At present, the researches mainly focus on humoral immunity, cellular immunity and innate immune disorders. Recent studies suggest that genomic abnormalities and microRNAs are also involved in CLL-related ITP. Traditional ITP standard therapy has a poor effect on CLL-related ITP. Chemotherapy or monoclonal antibody therapy against the primary pathogenesis of CLL can effectively treat thrombocytopenia, and the emergence of new targeted drugs also provides new treatment options for the disease. In this paper, the progresses of CLL-related ITP pathogenesis, prognosis and treatment in recent years are reviewed.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , MicroRNAs , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática , Trombocitopenia , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/complicações
9.
BMJ Open ; 11(10): e044347, 2021 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663648

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Leiomyoma recurrence is a major concern for long-term myomectomy management, especially for multiple leiomyomas. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) is one of the most effective medications to reduce the volume of fibroids and the uterus. However, its role in preventing recurrence after conservative surgery remains unclear. At present, there is no randomised clinical trial determining the efficacy of GnRHa treatment for preventing multiple leiomyomas recurrence after myomectomy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We are conducting a phase IV randomised controlled trial in women aged 18-45 undergoing myomectomy for multiple leiomyomas. After surgery, women whose pathological result confirms multiple leiomyomas are randomised in a 1:1 ratio into an observation or GnRHa group. The primary outcome is the recurrence of either clinical symptoms or fibroids on imaging. Patients will be assessed for adverse events during the follow-up. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study was approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of the Tongji Hospital Affiliated with the Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (TJ-IRB20180311) according to the submitted study protocol (V.1.0, 10 November 2017) and informed consent (V.1.0, 10 November 2017). The results will be presented at domestic and international conferences and published in peer-reviewed journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR-IPR-17012992.


Assuntos
Leiomioma , Miomectomia Uterina , Neoplasias Uterinas , Feminino , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina , Humanos , Leiomioma/tratamento farmacológico , Leiomioma/cirurgia , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Neoplasias Uterinas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Uterinas/cirurgia , Conduta Expectante
10.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2101036, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414687

RESUMO

In the field of tumor imaging and therapy, the aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) effect of fluorescent dyes at high concentration is a great challenge. In this regard, the aggregation-induced emission luminogens (AIEgens) show great potential, since AIEgens effectively overcome the ACQ effect and have better fluorescence quantum yield, photobleaching resistance, and photosensitivity. Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-polymer is the most commonly used carrier to prepare nanoparticles (NPs). The advantage of PEGylation is that it can greatly prolong the metabolic half-life and reduce immunogenicity and toxicity. Considering that the hydrophobicity of most AIEgens hinders their application in organisms, the use of PEG-polymer encapsulation is an effective strategy to overcome this obstacle. Importantly, bioactive functional groups can be modified on PEG-polymers to enhance the biological effect of NPs. The combination of powerful AIEgens and PEG-polymers provides a new strategy for tumor imaging and therapy, which is promising for clinical application.

11.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 16(1): 347, 2021 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34348761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an independent factor for predicting adverse outcomes in pediatric patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). However, little is known about its prognostic value in adult patients. METHODS: This single center retrospective study was conducted to explore the prognostic value of IL-10 in 101 adults newly diagnosed with HLH. The serum interleukin levels were quantitatively determined by chemiluminescence using cytokine profiling kits. RESULTS: Serum IL-10 levels were significantly increased in adult HLH patients. Elevated IL-10 levels was correlated with lower concentrations of hemoglobin (r = - 0.279, P = 0.005). IL-10 levels were significantly lower in patients with macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) than in those with infection-associated HLH (IAHS) and malignancy-associated HLH (MAHS) (P = 0.033, P = 0.012). Patients with MAS had relatively longer survival than those with IAHS and MAHS (P < 0.001). Univariate analysis indicated that hemoglobin < 8.2 g/dL, platelets < 40 × 109/L, lactate dehydrogenase ≥ 700 IU/L, albumin < 28 g/L, post-treatment ferritin > 1050 µg/L and IL-10 ≥ 129 pg/mL were poor prognostic factors for survival. However, multivariate analysis revealed that only high serum IL-10 levels (≥ 129 pg/mL) at diagnosis and high post-treatment ferritin levels (> 1050 µg/L) were independent risk factors for poor overall survival in adult HLH patients (HR: 4.087, 95% CI 2.064-8.090, P < 0.001; HR 3.814, 95% CI 2.042-7.126, P < 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that higher serum IL-10 levels might be a prognostic marker in adult HLH patients.


Assuntos
Interleucina-10/sangue , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica , Adulto , Humanos , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Genomics ; 113(6): 3449-3460, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418496

RESUMO

The high rate of SARS-CoV-2 infection poses a serious threat to public health. Previous studies have suggested that SARS-CoV-2 can infect human ovary, the core organ of the female reproductive system. However, it remains unclear which type of ovarian cells are easily infected by SARS-CoV-2 and whether ovarian infectivity differs from puberty to menopause. In this study, public datasets containing bulk and single-cell RNA-Seq data derived from ovarian tissues were analyzed to demonstrate the mRNA expression and protein distribution of the two key entry receptors for SARS-CoV-2-angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and type II transmembrane serine protease (TMPRSS2). Furthermore, an immunohistochemical study of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 in human ovaries of different ages was conducted. Differentially expressed gene (DEG) analysis of ovaries of different ages and with varying ovarian reserves was conducted to explore the potential functions of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 in the ovary. The analysis of the public datasets indicated that the co-expression of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 was observed mostly in oocytes and partially in granulosa cells. However, no marked difference was observed in ACE2 or TMPRSS2 expression between young and old ovaries and ovaries with low and high reserves. Correspondingly, ACE2 and TMPRSS2 were detected in the human ovarian cortex and medulla, especially in oocytes of different stages, with no observed variations in their expression level in ovaries of different ages, which was consistent with the results of bioinformatic analyses. Remarkably, DEG analysis showed that a series of viral infection-related pathways were more enriched in ACE2-positive ovarian cells than in ACE2-negative ovarian cells, suggesting that SARS-CoV-2 may potentially target specific ovarian cells and affect ovarian function. However, further fundamental and clinical research is still needed to monitor the process of SARS-CoV-2 entry into ovarian cells and the long-term effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection on the ovarian function in recovered females.

13.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 43(2): 161-171, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210610

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: What role does wild-type p53-induced phosphatase 1 (WIP1) play in the regulation of primordial follicle development? DESIGN: WIP1 expression was detected in the ovaries of mice of different ages by western blotting and immunohistochemical staining. Three-day-old neonatal mouse ovaries were cultured in vitro with or without the WIP1 inhibitor GSK2830371 (10 µM) for 4 days. Ovarian morphology, follicle growth and follicle classification were analysed and the PI3K-AKT-mTOR signal pathway and the WIP1-p53-related mitochondrial apoptosis pathway evaluated. RESULTS: WIP1 expression was downregulated with age. Primordial follicles were significantly decreased in the GSK2830371-treated group, without a significant increase in growing follicles. The ratio of growing follicles to primordial follicles was not significantly different between the control and GSK2830371 groups, and no significant variation was observed in the PI3K-AKT-mTOR signal pathway. The inhibition of WIP1 phosphatase accelerated primordial follicle atresia by activating the p53-BAX-caspase-3 pathway. CONCLUSIONS: These findings reveal that WIP1 participates in regulating primordial follicle development and that inhibiting WIP1 phosphatase leads to massive primordial follicle loss via interaction with the p53-BAX-caspase-3 pathway. This might also provide valuable information for understanding decreased ovarian reserve during ovarian ageing.

14.
Life Sci ; 282: 119820, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273377

RESUMO

AIMS: It has been demonstrated that miR-145 is expressed in primordial follicles and modulates the initiation of primordial follicle development. We aimed to explore the function of miR-145 in mouse granulosa cells (mGCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The proliferation and differentiation of GCs were examined via MTT, EDU assay, QRT-PCR, ELISA and electron microscope analysis. The target of miR-145 was determined by bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay and the molecular mechanisms were examined via western blot and quantitative Real-Time RT-PCR. KEY FINDINGS: We proved that down-regulation of miR-145 could inhibit GCs proliferation and differentiation. In addition, we provided evidence that Crkl was the target gene of miR-145. The miR-145 antagomir caused an increase in Crkl expression and activation of the JNK/p38 MAPK pathway. Overexpression of Crkl with pEGFP-N1-Crkl vector inhibited GCs differentiation and progesterone synthesis as well as activation of the JNK/p38 MAPK pathway. SIGNIFICANCE: Our study shows that miR-145 targets Crkl and through the JNK/p38 MAPK signaling pathway promotes the GCs proliferation, differentiation, and steroidogenesis. MiR-145 may play an important role in the ovarian physiology and pathology.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/biossíntese , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética
15.
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol ; 321(3): F269-F277, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251272

RESUMO

Primary cilia are widely regarded as specialized sensors in differentiated cells that have been implicated in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, and viability. We have previously shown that shortening of primary cilia sensitizes cultured kidney tubular cells to cisplatin-induced apoptosis. Intraflagellar transport 88 (IFT88) is an essential component for ciliogenesis and maintenance. Here, we have further examined the effect of proximal tubule-specific IFT88 ablation on cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). In this study, more severe AKI occurred in IFT88 knockout mice than age- and sex-matched wild-type mice. Mechanistically, cisplatin stimulated autophagy in kidney tubular cells as an intrinsic protective mechanism. However, renal autophagy was severely impaired in IFT88 knockout mice. In cultured HK-2 cells, cisplatin induced more apoptosis when IFT88 was knocked down. Tat-beclin 1 peptide, a specific autophagy activator, could partially prevent IFT88-associated cell death during cisplatin treatment, although cilium length was not improved significantly. Reexpression of IFT88 partially restored autophagy in IFT88 knockdown cells and suppressed apoptosis during cisplatin treatment. Taken together, these results indicate that defective autophagy in IFT88-deficient kidney cells and tissues contributes to the exaggerated AKI following cisplatin exposure.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Almost every cell has one hair-like, nonmotile antenna projecting from the cell surface, named the primary cilium. In kidney tubular cells, the primary cilium has a protective role, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. This study shows that a short cilium leads to the suppression of autophagy, which is responsible for the heightened injury sensitivity. These findings provide the clues of how to manipulate primary cilium and autophagy to save kidneys.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/genética , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/deficiência , Injúria Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/genética , Cílios/metabolismo , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Túbulos Renais Proximais/metabolismo , Camundongos
16.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(6): 6092-6103, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34118837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has been used for treatment of cervical cancer for a long time; however, the role of early non-response on prognosis is still confusing. This study was designed to assess its impact on disease-free survival (DFS). METHODS: Databases "PubMed", "Embase" and the "Cochrane Library" were searched out through May 2020, and both random effects model and fixed effect model were employed to calculate the main pooled results. I2 and Cochrane Q test were used to test the heterogeneity among the studies. Funnel plot with Begg's and Egger's tests was used to assess the publication bias that may exist in the study. Sensitivity analysis was performed to detect the origin of the heterogeneity. RESULTS: A total of 1,349 articles were found at first; then, after several rounds of exclusion, we identified 8 articles with 9 studies which were accordant with the standards of the inclusion. A combined analysis was performed among the 1,462 responders and 490 non-responders. For 1-year DFS, sub-analysis showed hazard ratio (HR) was 0.25 (95% CI: 0.14-0.43) using RECIST criteria; and HR was 0.52 (95% CI: 0.36-0.75) using WHO criteria; Egger's test showed that P=0.35 for RECIST criteria and P=0.57 for WHO criteria; Begg's test showed P=0.34 for RECIST criteria and P=0.60 for WHO criteria. For 3-year DFS, HR was 0.26 (95% CI: 0.16-0.43) using RECIST criteria and was 0.47 (95% CI: 0.30-0.73) using WHO criteria. For 5-year DFS, HR was 0.26 (95% CI: 0.16-0.42) using RECIST criteria and was 0.49 (95% CI: 0.33-0.71) using WHO criteria. DISCUSSION: Early non-response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was significantly associated with higher recurrence of cervical cancer. Prospective randomized studies are warranted to validate this finding.


Assuntos
Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico
17.
Ageing Res Rev ; 70: 101376, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089901

RESUMO

Aging can not only shorten a healthy lifespan, but can also lead to multi-organ dysfunction and failure. Anti-aging is a complex and worldwide conundrum for eliminating the various pathologies of senility. The past decade has seen great progress in the understanding of the aging-associated signaling pathways and their application for developing anti-aging approaches. Currently, some drugs can improve quality of life. The activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling is one of the core and detrimental mechanisms related to aging; rapamycin can reduce the rate of aging, improve age-related diseases by inhibiting the mTOR pathway, and prolong lifespan and healthspan effectively. However, the current evidence for rapamycin in lifespan extension and organ aging is fragmented and scattered. In this review, we summarize the efficacy and safety of rapamycin in prolonging a healthy lifespan by systematically alleviating aging in multiple organ systems, i.e., the nervous, urinary, digestive, circulatory, motor, respiratory, endocrine, reproductive, integumentary and immune systems, to provide a theoretical basis for the future clinical application of rapamycin in anti-aging.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Sirolimo , Humanos , Longevidade , Qualidade de Vida , Transdução de Sinais , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico
18.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 626534, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33935966

RESUMO

Objective: The reference range and potential value of inhibin B are still unclear and controversial. This study aimed to define the variation trend of inhibin B in healthy women with age and explore its value in the reflection of ovarian reserve. Methods: A total of 2524 healthy reproductive age women from eight medical institutes nationwide were recruited. The variation tendency of inhibin B with age was primarily established in the first group of 948 women and validated in another 605. We evaluated the relationship between inhibin B and classic ovarian reserve and function markers. The potency of inhibin B in predicting AFC <5-7 was also estimated and compared with FSH. Results: The nomogram showed that serum levels of inhibin B rapidly decreased after the age of 40. Inhibin B was positively correlated with AMH (R = 0.57, P < 0.001), AFC (R = 0.34, P < 0.001) and testosterone (R = 0.10, P = 0.002), and negatively correlated with FSH (R = -0.41, P < 0.001) and LH (R = -0.20, P < 0.001) and FSH/LH (R=-0.18, P < 0.001), while no correlation was found with PRL. Unexpectedly, Inhibin B (AUC = 0.74, P < 0.001 for the establishment population; AUC = 0.78, P < 0.001 for the validation population) had a slightly higher value than FSH (AUC = 0.71, P < 0.001 for the establishment population; AUC = 0.72, P < 0.001 for the validation population) in diagnosing AFC <5-7. Conclusions: For healthy reproductive age women, the decline of inhibin B can reflect decreased ovarian reserve effectively, having a good consistency with AMH and AFC. More importantly, inhibin B had an advantage in predicting AFC <5-7 compared with FSH, which suggested the potential of inhibin B in predicting ovarian response. These results will be helpful to the clinical application of inhibin B in the evaluation of female ovarian reserve and the assessment of their reproductive capacity. Trial registration: http://clinicaltrials.gov; NCT02294500.

19.
Environ Pollut ; 285: 117254, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33957517

RESUMO

Embryonic exposure to environmental chemicals may result in specific chronic diseases in adulthood. Parabens, a type of environmental endocrine disruptors widely used in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, have been shown to cause a decline in women's reproductive function. However, whether exposure to parabens during pregnancy also negatively affect the ovarian function of the female offspring in adulthood remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the effects of prenatal propylparaben (PrP) exposure on the ovarian function of adult mice aged 46 weeks, which is equivalent to the age of 40 years in women. Pregnant ICR mice were intraperitoneally injected with human-relevant doses of PrP (i.e., 0, 7.5, 90, and 450 mg/kg/day) during the fetal sex determination period-from embryonic day E7.5 to E13.5. Our results revealed that ovarian aging was accelerated in PrP-exposed mice at 46 weeks, with altered regularity of the estrous cycle, decreased serum estrogen (E2) and progesterone (P4) levels, reduced size of the primordial follicle pool, and increased number of atretic follicles. It was found that prenatal exposure to human-relevant doses of PrP exacerbated ovarian oxidative stress, inflammation, and fibrosis, which promoted follicular atresia by activating the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. To compensate, the depletion of primordial follicles was also accelerated by activating the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway in PrP-exposed mice. Moreover, PrP induced hypermethylation of CpG sites in the promoter region of Cyp11a1 (a 17.16-64.28% increase) partly led to the disrupted steroidogenesis, and the altered methylation levels of imprinted genes H19 and Peg3 may also contribute to the phenotypes observed. These remarkable findings highlight the embryonic origin of ovarian aging and suggest that a reduced use of PrP during pregnancy should be advocated.


Assuntos
Parabenos , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Adulto , Envelhecimento , Animais , Feminino , Atresia Folicular , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Parabenos/toxicidade , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente
20.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 609, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence indicates that site-distant metastases are associated with survival outcomes in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic values of site-distant metastases and clinical factors and develop a prognostic nomogram score individually predicting overall survival (OS, equivalent to all-cause mortality) and cancer specific survival (CSS, equivalent to cancer-specific mortality) in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data on patients with epithelial ovarian cancer from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between 1975 and 2016. Multivariate Cox regression was performed to identify survival trajectories. A nomogram score was used to predict long-term survival probability. A comparison between the nomogram and the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO 2018) staging system was conducted using time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (tROC) curve. RESULTS: A total of 131,050 patients were included, 18.2, 7.8 and 66.1% had localized, regional and distant metastases, respectively. Multivariate analysis identified several prognostic factors for OS including race, grade, histology, FIGO staging, surgery, bone metastasis, liver metastasis, lung metastasis, and lymphatic metastasis. Prognostic factors for CSS included grade, site, FIGO staging, surgery, bone metastasis, brain metastasis, lung metastasis, lymphatic metastasis, and insurance. Following bootstrap correction, the C-index of OS and CSS was 0.791 and 0.752, respectively. These nomograms showed superior performance compared with the FIGO 2018 staging criteria (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A novel prognostic nomogram score provides better prognostic performance than the FIGO 2018 staging system. These nomograms contribute to directing clinical treatment and prognosis assessment in patients harboring site-distant metastases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Nomogramas , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/secundário , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Ovariectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Programa de SEER/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
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