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1.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34997993

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Skin problems have been the focus of attention in recent years. Skin aging, wrinkles, pigmentation, dryness has been a problem that makes people feel troubled. Researchers have been devoted to find ways to solve these skin problems. Micro-ecological skin care is a popular concept these days, and improving skin health through the use of probiotics is a hot topic of discussion. OBJECTIVE: Many experimental studies have shown that probiotics have a good effect on improving skin problems. This paper aims to comprehensively review the application and mechanism of probiotics in skin care and provide theoretical basis for the application of probiotics in skin care. METHODS: Literatures in this review were searched in PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Web of Science, and Science Direct. RESULTS: Probiotics have potent effects on skin whitening, moisturizing, anti-aging, anti-wrinkle and removing body odor. CONCLUSIONS: The effects of probiotics on skin whitening, skin moisturizing, anti-aging, improving skin wrinkles and removing body odor were reviewed, which provided a new basis for the extensive application of probiotics in skin care.

2.
Methods ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999214

RESUMO

ABCB1 is an important gene that closely related to analgesic tolerance to opioids, and plays an important role in their postoperative treatment. Recent studies have demonstrated that ABCB1 genotype is significantly associated with the chemico-resistance and chemical sensitivity in breast cancer patients. So, it is become very important to investigate the important role of ABCB1 for predicting drug response in breast cancer patients. In this study, by conducting the Cox proportional hazards regression analysis in breast cancer patients, significant differences were found in prognosis between the ABCB1 high- and low-expression subtypes. Meanwhile, by using immune infiltration profiles as well as transcriptomics datasets, the ABCB1 high subtype was found to be significantly enriched in many immune-related KEGG pathways and biological processes, and was characterized by the high infiltration levels of immune cell types. Furthermore, bioinformatics inference revealed that the ABCB1 subtypes were associated with the therapeutic effect of immunotherapy, which would be important for patient prognosis. In conclusion, these findings may provide useful help for recognizing the diversity between ABCB1 subtypes in tumor immune microenvironment, and may unravel prognosis outcomes and immunotherapy utility for ABCB1 in breast cancer.

3.
Membranes (Basel) ; 11(11)2021 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34832103

RESUMO

The nutrient removal and biomass production of the internal circulating fluidized bed microalgae membrane bioreactor (ICFB-MMBR) was studied under different cultivation modes, influent TOC, influent pH, and influent N/P. Platymonas helgolandica tsingtaoensis was used as the biological source. The growth of P. helgolandica tsingtaoensis and the removal efficiency of pollutants in the mixotrophy culture mode were improved compared with other culture modes. With the increased influent TOC, the average growth rate of P. helgolandica tsingtaoensis increased, and ammonia nitrogen and total phosphorus removal rate were improved. The P. helgolandica tsingtaoensis growth rate and nutrient removal efficiencies at the influent pH of 8 were the best among the different influent pH values. As the influent N/P ratio increased from 5 to 20, the P. helgolandica tsingtaoensis growth rate and pollutant removal rate increased gradually. When the influent N/P ratio was higher than 20, the P. helgolandica tsingtaoensis growth rate and pollutant removal rate tended to be stable and did not significantly change with the increase of influent N/P ratio. At the proper influent conditions, the high P. helgolandica tsingtaoensis biomass and nutrient removal efficiency could be obtained in the microalgae membrane bioreactor, which could provide a theoretical basis for the application of the system for wastewater treatment.

4.
Med Phys ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788482

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Monte Carlo (MC) simulation is the most frequently used method to numerically model the light propagation in biological tissues because of its high flexibility and precision. Although MC simulation is assumed to be capable of achieving any desired precision, larger number of photons are always necessary for more precise simulation, leading to its major limitation of intensive computation. In this work, the authors present a way to adapt generative adversarial networks (GAN) to accelerate MC simulation. METHODS: The pix2pix network, a variant of GAN, was investigated to reconstruct precise MC simulation results from the results roughly modeled by small amount of photons, thus the computation time was expected to be significantly saved. The proposed method was tested on single-layer embedded tumor models to derive the absorption distribution maps. RESULTS: The results demonstrate that the absorption distribution maps reconstructed from the simulation of only 10 000 photons were very similar to those modeled by using 1 000 000 photons, based on the criterion of peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) and percentage difference of power coupling efficiencies, and the simulation process was proved to be accelerated by approximately 102 times. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, GAN was adapted to save computation time of MC simulation of light propagation. By achieving MC simulation with acceptable quality, the proposed method can speed up the computation by hundreds of times.

5.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(6): 1483, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34765024

RESUMO

Previous studies have indicated that allergens such as house dust mites (HDM) in the environment can induce allergic asthma. Ferroptosis is a newly discovered form of regulatory cell death characterized by aberrant lipid peroxidation and the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells. However, whether ferroptosis participates in the pathological process of asthma remains to be elucidated. The present study used a HDM-induced mouse asthma model to determine the effect of HDM exposure on allergic asthma and its underlying mechanisms. Female BALB/c mice were intranasally exposed to HDM to induce allergic asthma. Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), lung inflammation, mucus secretion, IgE levels, cytokine levels and inflammatory cell counts in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were investigated. In addition, the morphological changes of mitochondria, ROS levels, glutathione (GSH) levels and changes in ferroptosis pathway proteins were also determined in murine lungs. As a result, HDM exposure significantly increased AHR, inflammatory cell infiltration and mucus secretion around the airways. Furthermore, elevated IgE levels in the BALF, lung eosinophilia and a concomitant increase in IL-13 and IL-5 levels in BALF were observed. HDM inhalation increased ROS and decreased GSH levels in the lungs. HDM inhalation induced dysmorphic small mitochondria with decreased crista, as well as condensed, ruptured outer membranes. Western blotting demonstrated that the activities of glutathione peroxidase 4 and catalytic subunit solute carrier family 7 member 11 were significantly decreased, and that protein expression levels of acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 and 15 lipoxygenase 1 were upregulated compared with mice in the normal control group. Overall, these results indicated that the AHR, airway inflammation, lipid peroxidation and ROS levels increased in HDM-induced asthma, and that HDM inhalation induced ferroptosis in the lungs, which helped to form an improved understanding of the pathogenesis of allergic asthma.

6.
Brief Funct Genomics ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755827

RESUMO

Breast cancer is a kind of malignant tumor that occurs in breast tissue, which is the most common cancer in women. Cellular metabolism is a critical determinant of the viability and function of cancer cells in tumor microenvironment. In this study, based on the gene expression profile of metabolism-related genes, the prognostic value of 20 metabolic pathways in patients with breast cancer was identified. A universal risk stratification signature that relies on 20 metabolic pathways was established and validated in training cohort, two testing cohorts and The Cancer Genome Atlas pan cancer cohort. Then, the relationship between metabolic risk score subtype, prognosis, immune infiltration level, cancer genotypes and their impact on therapeutic benefit were characterized. Results demonstrated that the patients with the low metabolic risk score subtype displayed good prognosis, high level of immune infiltration and exhibited a favorable response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and immunotherapy. Taken together, the work presented in this study may deepen the understanding of metabolic hallmarks of breast cancer, and may provide some valuable information for personalized therapies in patients with breast cancer.

7.
Front Immunol ; 12: 740571, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737744

RESUMO

Allergic asthma is well known as a common respiratory disorder comprising an allergic inflammatory nature and excessive immune characteristic. N 6-methyladenosine (m6A) methylation is an RNA epigenetic modification that post-transcriptionally regulates gene expression and function by affecting the RNA fate. Currently, m6A methylation is gaining attention as a mechanism of immunoregulation. However, whether m6A methylation engages the pathological process of asthma remains uncertain. Here, we present the m6A methylomic landscape in the lung tissues of ovalbumin-induced acute asthma mice using MeRIP-seq and RNA-seq. We identified 353 hypermethylated m6A peaks within 329 messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and 150 hypomethylated m6A peaks within 143 mRNAs in the lung tissues of asthmatic mice. These differentially methylated mRNAs were found to be involved in several immune function-relevant signaling pathways. In addition, we predicted 25 RNA-binding proteins that recognize the differentially methylated peak sites by exploring public databases, and the roles of these proteins are mostly related to mRNA biogenesis and metabolism. To further investigate the expression levels of the differentially methylated genes, we performed combined analysis of the m6A methylome and transcriptome data and identified 127 hypermethylated mRNAs (107 high and 20 low expression) and 43 hypomethylated mRNAs with differential expressions (9 high and 34 low expression). Of these, there are a list of mRNAs involved in immune function and regulation. The present results highlight the essential role of m6A methylation in the pathogenesis of asthma.

8.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 5876841, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603599

RESUMO

Myocardial fibrosis represents the primary pathological change associated with diabetic cardiomyopathy and heart failure, and it leads to decreased myocardial compliance with impaired cardiac diastolic and systolic function. Quercetin, an active ingredient in various medicinal plants, exerts therapeutic effects against cardiovascular diseases. Here, we investigate whether SIRT5- and IDH2-related desuccinylation is involved in the underlying mechanism of myocardial fibrosis in heart failure while exploring related therapeutic drugs for mitochondrial quality surveillance. Mouse models of myocardial fibrosis and heart failure, established by transverse aortic constriction (TAC), were administered with quercetin (50 mg/kg) daily for 4 weeks. HL-1 cells were pretreated with quercetin and treated with high glucose (30 mM) in vitro. Cardiac function, western blotting, quantitative PCR, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and immunofluorescence analysis were employed to analyze mitochondrial quality surveillance, oxidative stress, and inflammatory response in myocardial cells, whereas IDH2 succinylation levels were detected using immunoprecipitation. Myocardial fibrosis and heart failure incidence increased after TAC, with abnormal cardiac ejection function. Following high-glucose treatment, HL-1 cell activity was inhibited, causing excess production of reactive oxygen species and inhibition of mitochondrial respiratory complex I/III activity and mitochondrial antioxidant enzyme activity, as well as increased oxidative stress and inflammatory response, imbalanced mitochondrial quality surveillance and homeostasis, and increased apoptosis. Quercetin inhibited myocardial fibrosis and improved cardiac function by increasing mitochondrial energy metabolism and regulating mitochondrial fusion/fission and mitochondrial biosynthesis while inhibiting the inflammatory response and oxidative stress injury. Additionally, TAC inhibited SIRT5 expression at the mitochondrial level and increased IDH2 succinylation. However, quercetin promoted the desuccinylation of IDH2 by increasing SIRT5 expression. Moreover, treatment with si-SIRT5 abolished the protective effect of quercetin on cell viability. Hence, quercetin may promote the desuccinylation of IDH2 through SIRT5, maintain mitochondrial homeostasis, protect mouse cardiomyocytes under inflammatory conditions, and improve myocardial fibrosis, thereby reducing the incidence of heart failure.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(39): e27248, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) can act as microRNA (miRNA) sponges to regulate protein-coding gene expression; therefore, lncRNAs are considered major components of the competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network and have attracted growing attention. This study explored the regulatory mechanisms and functional roles of lncRNAs as ceRNAs in the malignant differentiation of low-grade glioma (LGG) to glioblastoma (GBM) and their potential impact on the prognosis of patients with GBM. METHODS: LncRNA and messenger RNA (mRNA) data were extracted from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database from 156 GBM samples and 529 LGG samples. Separately, the miRNA expression data were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, with the GSE112009 dataset containing miRNA expression data from 10 GBM samples and 15 LGG samples. Weighted gene coexpression network analysis was performed to screen the glioma grade-related lncRNAs. Then, a ceRNA network was established. The database for annotation, visualization, and integrated discovery was adopted to conduct functional enrichment analysis based on 57 upregulated differentially expressed mRNAs in the ceRNA network. Finally, Kaplan-Meier curves were created for the survival analysis of 13 hub lncRNA by combining the clinical data of GBM patients in TCGA. RESULTS: A ceRNA network including 16 lncRNAs, 18 miRNAs, and 78 mRNAs specific to the malignant differentiation of LGG to GBM was established. The 57 upregulated differentially expressed mRNAs in the ceRNA network were significantly enriched in 35 gene ontology terms and 5 pathways. The survival analysis showed that 2 lncRNAs (LINC00261 and HOXA10-AS) were prognostic biomarkers for patients with GBM in TCGA. CONCLUSION: The proposed ceRNA network may help elucidate the regulatory mechanism by which lncRNAs function as ceRNAs and contribute to the malignant differentiation of LGG to GBM. Importantly, the candidate lncRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs involved in the ceRNA network can be further evaluated as potential therapeutic targets and prognostic biomarkers for GBM.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/patologia , Glioma/genética , Glioma/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Humanos
10.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(5)2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542166

RESUMO

Cycloastragenol (CAG), a secondary metabolite from the roots of Astragalus zahlbruckneri, has been reported to exert anti­inflammatory effects in heart, skin and liver diseases. However, its role in asthma remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of CAG on airway inflammation in an ovalbumin (OVA)­induced mouse asthma model. The current study evaluated the lung function and levels of inflammation and autophagy via measurement of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), lung histology examination, inflammatory cytokine measurement and western blotting, amongst other techniques. The results demonstrated that CAG attenuated OVA­induced AHR in vivo. In addition, the total number of leukocytes and eosinophils, as well as the secretion of inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)­5, IL­13 and immunoglobulin E were diminished in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of the OVA­induced murine asthma model. Histological analysis revealed that CAG suppressed inflammatory cell infiltration and goblet cell secretion. Notably, based on molecular docking simulation, CAG was demonstrated to bind to the active site of autophagy­related gene 4­microtubule­associated proteins light chain 3 complex, which explains the reduced autophagic flux in asthma caused by CAG. The expression levels of proteins associated with autophagy pathways were inhibited following treatment with CAG. Taken together, the results of the present study suggest that CAG exerts an anti­inflammatory effect in asthma, and its role may be associated with the inhibition of autophagy in lung cells.

11.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 1087, 2021 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531529

RESUMO

Chronic Liver Diseases (CLD) are characterized by abnormal accumulation of collagen fibrils, neo-angiogenesis, and sinusoidal remodeling. Collagen deposition along with intrahepatic angiogenesis and sinusoidal remodeling alters sinusoid structure resulting in portal hypertension, liver failure, and other complications. Efforts were made to develop treatments for CLDs. However, the success of such treatments is limited and unpredictable. We report a strategy for CLD treatment by induction of integrin αvß3 mediated cell apoptosis using a rationally designed protein (ProAgio). ProAgio is designed to target integrin αvß3 at a novel site. Integrin αvß3 is highly expressed in activated Hepatic Stellate Cells (HSC), angiogenic endothelium, and capillarized Liver Sinusoidal Endothelial Cells (LSEC). ProAgio induces apoptosis of these disease causative cells. Tests with liver fibrosis mouse models demonstrate that ProAgio reverses liver fibrosis and relieves blood flow resistance by depleting activated HSC and capillarized LSEC. Our studies demonstrate an effective approach for CLD treatment.

12.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(4): 1203-1208, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362503

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the levels of ferritin, C-reactive protein (CRP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in peripheral serum and cytokine release syndrome (CRS) in patients with relapse and/or refractory multiple myeloma (R/R MM) after receiving chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T) immunotherapy. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with R/R MM were treated with 1×106/kg humanized CD19 CAR-T and mouse B cell maturation antigen CAR-T cells after pretreatment chemotherapy based on fludarabine and cyclophosphamide. The concentrations of ferritin, CRP, LDH, and IL-6 in peripheral blood were measured regularly within 30 days after infusion, and the correlation between severity of CRS and above indexes was analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 28 patients, 27 cases (96.4%) developed CRS, 24 cases (85.7%) in 1-2 grade CRS and 3 cases (10.7%) in 3-5 grade. The severity grade of CRS of 27 patients was positively correlated with the peak values of ferritin, CRP, LDH, and IL-6 in peripheral blood (r1=0.511, r2=0.375, r3=0.480, r4=0.632). The median peak values of ferritin, CRP, LDH and IL-6 in peripheral serum of patients with grade 3-5 CRS were significantly higher than those in patients with grade 0-2 CRS. CONCLUSION: After receiving CAR-T cellular immunotherapy, the incidence of CRS in patients with R/R MM is higher, but most of them are in grade 1 or 2. The severity of CRS is positively correlated with the levels of ferritin, CRP, LDH and IL-6 in peripheral blood.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Animais , Antígenos CD19 , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Camundongos , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
13.
ACS Pharmacol Transl Sci ; 4(3): 1066-1074, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34151201

RESUMO

Kidney fibrosis is accompanied by vascular dysfunction. Discovering new ways to ameliorate dysfunctional angiogenesis may bypass kidney fibrosis. YAP (Yes-associated protein) plays a multifaceted role during angiogenesis. Here, we found that selectively targeting YAP signaling in the endothelium ameliorates unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced kidney fibrosis. Genetic deletion of Yap1, encoding YAP protein, in VE-cadherin+ endothelial cells inhibited endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) and dysfunctional angiogenesis and improved obstructive nephropathy and kidney fibrosis. Treatment with the systemic YAP inhibitor verteporfin worsened kidney fibrosis symptoms because of its lack of cell specificity. In an attempt to identify endothelial-specific YAP modulators, we found that G-protein-coupled receptor coagulation factor II receptor-like 1 (F2RL1) was highly expressed in vessels after UUO-induced kidney fibrosis. The F2RL1 peptide antagonist FSLLRY-NH2 selectively blocked YAP activity in endothelial cells and ameliorated kidney fibrosis. Thus, selective antagonization of endothelial YAP activity might bypass kidney fibrosis and provide new avenues for the design of antifibrotic therapies.

14.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 82(4): 1475-1485, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34151796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of microglia has been increasingly recognized as a causative factor in Alzheimer's disease (AD); thus, developing medicines capable of restoring microglial functions is critically important and constitutes a promising therapeutic strategy. Honokiol is a natural neuroprotective compound extracted from Magnolia officinalis, which may play roles in AD therapy. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the role and the underlying mechanisms of honokiol in microglial phagocytosis. METHODS: MTT and flow cytometry were used to assess the cell viability and apoptosis, respectively. Phagocytic capacity, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production, and membrane potential were evaluated using fluorescence microscopy. Seahorse XF24 extracellular flux analyzer was for cell glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation detection. Mass spectrometry was applied for metabolites measurement. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting were performed to detect the mRNA and protein level of PPARγ and PGC1α, respectively. RESULTS: Honokiol alleviated Aß42-induced BV2 neurotoxicity. Honokiol promoted phagocytic efficiency of BV2 cells through reversing a metabolic switch from oxidative phosphorylation to anaerobic glycolysis and enhancing ATP production. Meanwhile, honokiol reduced mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production and elevated mitochondrial membrane potential. Moreover, honokiol increased the expression of PPARγ and PGC1α, which might play positive roles in energy metabolism and microglial phagocytosis. CONCLUSION: In this study, honokiol was identified as an effect natural product capable of enhancing mitochondrial function thus promoting microglial phagocytic function.


Assuntos
Compostos de Bifenilo/administração & dosagem , Lignanas/administração & dosagem , Microglia/metabolismo , Fagocitose , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Humanos , Magnolia , Camundongos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
15.
Nurs Open ; 8(6): 3384-3393, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33939319

RESUMO

AIM: To examine the body image and hopelessness status of early-stage breast cancer survivors who received a one-time dressing change after surgery and were ready to be discharged from a hospital in China. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Participants were 211 women with breast cancer who had received a one-time dressing change postsurgery. Spearman's correlation and structural equation modelling were used for data analysis. RESULTS: Participants in the 35-45 age group and those who underwent bilateral mastectomy presented higher scores for hopelessness. Married participants showed lower scores for the feelings about the future subscale compared to other subscales. Body image was significantly and positively associated with and had a positive effect on hopelessness. Women with a more positive appraisal of their body image tended to report lower levels of hopelessness. Healthcare providers should evaluate patients' distress levels after a mastectomy to identify women who may require early psychosocial intervention.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Imagem Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia , Qualidade de Vida
16.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 17(9): 3162-3168, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945439

RESUMO

Background: To evaluate the persistence of antibody for 10 years, and investigate the effect of one or two booster doses with Kanghua human diploid cells rabies vaccine (HDCV) in China.Methods: Participants were re-recruited at year 10 post the primary phase 3 clinical study. Some of them in Kanghua HDCV group who had been boosted one dose at year 8, received one more dose at this boosted study. Participants who never boosted were randomly assigned to boost 1 or 2 doses of Kanghua HDCV. Blood samples were collected at day 0, 1, 3, 7, and 14. Safety was evaluated from day 0-14.Results: At year 10 after primary vaccination, the seroconversion rates of neutralizing antibody were 98.28-100% in Kanghua and Pasteur groups.After booster, the seroconversion rate in each group reached to 100% from day 7 to day 14. GMCs were similar in the groups with the same booster doses, and two doses of booster induced higher levels of antibody. The reported rates of solicited local and systemic adverse reaction were low, and no serious adverse events were found through the boosted study.Conclusion: 5 doses of Kanghua HDCV maintained long-term immunity at least 10 years. One or two doses of booster, rapidly triggered 100% protection against rabies virus.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03774628.


Assuntos
Vacinas Antirrábicas , Raiva , Anticorpos Antivirais , Diploide , Humanos , Imunização Secundária , Raiva/prevenção & controle , Vacinação
17.
Biomicrofluidics ; 15(2): 024108, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33841602

RESUMO

Here, we report a unique microfluidic technique that utilizes a membrane filter and plug-in tubes to remove oil and pack water-in-oil droplets for controlled incubation of droplet-based assays. This technique could be modularly incorporated into most droplet-generation devices without a need to alter the original designs. Our results show that removing excess oil to form tightly packed droplets allows for extended and controllable incubation for droplets traveling in microchannels. The efficiency of this technique was evaluated and confirmed using a time-dependent enzyme assay with a fluorometric readout. The system is also readily generalizable to control inter-droplet distance, crucial for studying droplet communication and pattern formation.

18.
Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 14: 1583-1593, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33889039

RESUMO

Purpose: Population ageing is posing an unprecedented challenge globally, necessitating a better understanding of modifiable factors and underlying pathways that could contribute to health and longevity in older age. We thus aim to investigate how the modifiable social support (and its various sources) is related to mortality among older adults, as well as whether and to what extent geriatric frailty plays a role in mediating the relationship. Methods: We included 11,934 community-dwelling adults (≥65) from four waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (2008-2018). Frailty was constructed by 44 health deficits, following a validated frailty index scale. Social support was measured using a sum score of three dimensions (family support, social service and social security) with 22 items. The outcome was all-cause mortality. Multivariate logistic or linear regression models were employed when appropriate to assess the associations among social support, frailty and mortality. Mediation analysis was applied to examine the role of frailty underlying the pathway between social support and mortality risk. Results: A higher sum score of social support at baseline reduced mortality risk during the 10-year follow-up period (AOR=0.947, 95% CI=0.917~0.977). Amongst three sources of social support, family support and social security availability showed significantly protective effect against mortality, while social service revealed only non-significant effect. A higher level in the overall social support (ß=-0.066, 95% CI=-0.113~-0.020) or family support (ß=-0.121, 95% CI=-0.202~-0.039) was also significantly associated with decreased frailty. Meanwhile, frailty partially mediated the relationship of mortality with the overall social support and family support, where the proportion of mediation equaled to 17.1% and 20.5%, respectively. Conclusion: Social support could be associated with reduced risks for frailty and mortality, and such protective influences are especially manifested in its family support component among Chinese older adults. Frailty functions as potential mediator underlying the association of mortality with social support and family support. Our findings indicate the importance of social support as an integral part of geriatric care and underline the potential benefits of frailty assessment and intervention.

19.
Front Genet ; 12: 646936, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33833778

RESUMO

Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) is a high-throughput sequencing technology performed at the level of an individual cell, which can have a potential to understand cellular heterogeneity. However, scRNA-seq data are high-dimensional, noisy, and sparse data. Dimension reduction is an important step in downstream analysis of scRNA-seq. Therefore, several dimension reduction methods have been developed. We developed a strategy to evaluate the stability, accuracy, and computing cost of 10 dimensionality reduction methods using 30 simulation datasets and five real datasets. Additionally, we investigated the sensitivity of all the methods to hyperparameter tuning and gave users appropriate suggestions. We found that t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding (t-SNE) yielded the best overall performance with the highest accuracy and computing cost. Meanwhile, uniform manifold approximation and projection (UMAP) exhibited the highest stability, as well as moderate accuracy and the second highest computing cost. UMAP well preserves the original cohesion and separation of cell populations. In addition, it is worth noting that users need to set the hyperparameters according to the specific situation before using the dimensionality reduction methods based on non-linear model and neural network.

20.
Qual Life Res ; 30(8): 2235-2243, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661455

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between eHealth literacy and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and explore whether health-promoting behaviors mediate the association between eHealth literacy and HRQoL among Chinese older adults. METHODS: An anonymous cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2300 adults aged 60 or older from Jinan, China. The eHealth Literacy Scale, Short-Form Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile, and Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) were used to measure eHealth literacy, health-promoting behaviors, and HRQoL. Multivariate linear regression analyses were conducted to test the association between eHealth literacy, health-promoting behaviors, and HRQoL. The mediation analyses, composed of PROCESS analysis and bootstrapping method, were preformed to test both total (c), direct (c'), and indirect effects (a*b) of eHealth literacy on HRQOL through health-promoting behaviors. RESULTS: Regression analyses indicated that eHealth literacy (B = 0.487, p < 0.001) was significantly positively associated with health-promoting behaviors, and health-promoting behaviors (B = 0.257, p < 0.001) were associated with HRQoL. The mediation analyses indicated that eHealth literacy had a significant direct (c' = 0.183, p < 0.001) and indirect effect on older adults' HRQoL through health-promoting behaviors (a*b = 0.125, bootstrapped 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.094-0.157). The indirect effect accounted for 40.6% of the total effect (c = 0.308, bootstrapped 95% CI 0.241-0.376) of eHealth literacy on HRQoL. CONCLUSIONS: Health-promoting behaviors mediated the association between eHealth literacy and HRQoL in Chinese older adults. The establishment of interventions focused on health-promoting behavior may be an effective way to help older adults with low eHealth literacy improve their HRQoL.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Letramento em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Telemedicina , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
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