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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518084

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relationship between the body fat percentage (BFP) and hyperuricemia is still unknown in different gender subjects. The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude of the association between the BFP and the presence of hyperuricemia in the sex-specific group among hypertensive patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a cross-sectional study enrolling 14,234 hypertensive participates from the Chinese Hypertension Registry Study. Body fat percentage (BFP) was calculated by simple anthropometric parameters. Hyperuricemia was defined as serum uric acid (SUA) level 420 umol/L in men and 360 umol/L in women. The mean BFP was 24.5% in men and 37.1% in women. Multiple logistic analyses showed that the relationship between BFP with the risk of hyperuricemia in a dose-dependent manner among both men (odds ratio [OR] 1.07, 95% CI 1.06, 1.09) and women (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.06, 1.09) in the fully adjusted model. Subgroup analyses showed the positive association between BFP and the risk of hyperuricemia was consistent in all stratification subgroups (all P for interaction >0.05). CONCLUSION: For patients with hypertension, BFP was positively associated with an increased risk of hyperuricemia among both men and women.

2.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 636, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Association mapping studies of quantitative trait loci (QTL) for canine hip dysplasia (CHD) can contribute to the understanding of the genetic background of this common and debilitating disease and might contribute to its genetic improvement. The power of association studies for CHD is limited by relatively small sample numbers for CHD records within countries, suggesting potential benefits of joining data across countries. However, this is complicated due to the use of different scoring systems across countries. In this study, we incorporated routinely assessed CHD records and genotype data of German Shepherd dogs from two countries (UK and Sweden) to perform genome-wide association studies (GWAS) within populations using different variations of CHD phenotypes. As phenotypes, dogs were either classified into cases and controls based on the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) five-level grading of the worst hip or the FCI grade was treated as an ordinal trait. In a subsequent meta-analysis, we added publicly available data from a Finnish population and performed the GWAS across all populations. Genetic associations for the CHD phenotypes were evaluated in a linear mixed model using 62,089 SNPs. RESULTS: Multiple SNPs with genome-wide significant and suggestive associations were detected in single-population GWAS and the meta-analysis. Few of these SNPs overlapped between populations or between single-population GWAS and the meta-analysis, suggesting that many CHD-related QTL are population-specific. More significant or suggestive SNPs were identified when FCI grades were used as phenotypes in comparison to the case-control approach. MED13 (Chr 9) and PLEKHA7 (Chr 21) emerged as novel positional candidate genes associated with hip dysplasia. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings confirm the complex genetic nature of hip dysplasia in dogs, with multiple loci associated with the trait, most of which are population-specific. Routinely assessed CHD information collected across countries provide an opportunity to increase sample sizes and statistical power for association studies. While the lack of standardisation of CHD assessment schemes across countries poses a challenge, we showed that conversion of traits can be utilised to overcome this obstacle.


Assuntos
Displasia Pélvica Canina , Animais , Cães , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Displasia Pélvica Canina/genética , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Locos de Características Quantitativas
3.
Environ Res ; 204(Pt B): 111997, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506781

RESUMO

Nitrosamines, a group of emerging nitrogenous pollutants, are ubiquitously found in the drinking water system. However, less is known about how systemic biological responses resist or tolerate nitrosamines, especially long-term co-exposure at low concentrations. In this study, untargeted metabolomics was used to investigate the metabolic perturbations in human esophageal epithelial Het-1A cells induced by a mixture of nine common nitrosamines in drinking water at environmentally relevant, human-internal-exposure, and genotoxic concentrations. Generally, the disrupted metabolic spectrum became complicated with nitrosamines dose increasing. Notably, two inflammation-associated pathways, namely, cysteine (Cys) and methionine (MET) metabolism, and nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism, changed significantly under the action of nitrosamines, even at the environmentally relevant level. Furthermore, targeted metabolomics and molecular biology indicators in cells were identified in mice synchronously. For one thing, the up-regulated Cys and MET metabolism provided methyl donors for histone methylation in the context of pro-inflammatory response. For another, the down-regulated NAD+/NADH ratio inhibited the deacetylation of NF-кB p65 and eventually activated the NF-кB signaling pathway. Taken collectively, the metabolomics molecular signatures were important indicative markers for nitrosamines-induced inflammation. The potential crosstalk between the inflammatory cascade and metabolic regulation also requires further studies. These findings suggest that more attention should be paid to long-term co-exposure at low concentrations in the control of nitrosamines pollution in drinking water. Additionally, this study also highlights a good prospect of the combined metabolomic-molecular biology approach in environmental toxicology.

4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 222: 112494, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265532

RESUMO

Copper (Cu) pollution in water and agricultural soil has always been a worldwide concern. This research aims to investigate the health effects of copper exposure on Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) under the existing environmental quality standards (1 mg/L and 2 mg/L) via lifespan, reproduction, biological markers and transcriptome analysis. The results showed that copper of these two environmental standards shorten the lifespan of nematodes, reduced the brood size, reduced the frequency of pharyngeal pumps and prolonged defecation time as aging-related behaviors, and increased the levels of aging-related markers ROS, MDA and H2O2. There was a certain effect trend for the two exposure concentrations. Further, the possible molecular mechanism of copper-induced aging and reproductive effects on C. elegans was explored. Differential gene expression analysis was performed, and 2332 genes (567 up- and 1765 down-regulated genes) in the 1 mg/L group, 2449 DEGs (724 up- and 1725 down-regulated genes) in the 2 mg/L group in response to copper treatment. The top 20 regulated genes were vit (vit-1, vit-3, vit-4) genes, col genes (col-35, col-72, col-114, col-123, col-164, col-183, col-185), eea-1, him-18 and grl-20, which suggested that cuticle collagen synthesis and yolk expression were disrupted by copper. Analysis of KEGG pathway showed copper exposure widely affects longevity regulation pathways, thereby promoting aging. In summary, the sequencing results extensively and deeply reveal the health hazards of environmentally relevant doses of copper exposure to C. elegans, and behavioral testing verified that copper promoted aging of C. elegans.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans , Caenorhabditis elegans , Animais , Escala de Avaliação Comportamental , Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Cobre/toxicidade , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Longevidade , Masculino , Transcriptoma
5.
Chem Res Toxicol ; 34(8): 1866-1878, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296853

RESUMO

The relationship between human papillomavirus (HPV) and esophageal cancer (EC) has been controversial, which may be caused by the difference in geographic regions of sample origin. Thus, we conducted a case-control study to find that HPV increased the risk of esophageal cancer, and the HPV18 detection rate is the highest (24.2%) among patients with EC, suggesting that HPV18 could be the most risk subtype of HPV infected. We then identified high-risk HPV18 and N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitroso-guanidine (MNNG) to establish a model on the viral etiology cooperating with environmental carcinogens. Het-1A cells containing HPV18 were continuously exposed to MNNG or not; then the morphological phenotype and function assays were performed in 25th passage cells. MNNG promoted the proliferation and invasion abilities and inhibited apoptosis both in Het-1A-HPV18 and control group. However, the Het-1A-HPV18 had a stronger change in phenotypic features and formed more transformed foci in soft agar. Further, Western blot found p53 and p21 were down-regulated, and expression of c-Myc, MMP-2, and MMP-9 and Bcl-2/Bax ratio were up-regulated. Our results revealed that MNNG was easier to induce malignant transformation of Het-1A cells transfected with HPV18. It is good evidence for the close relationship between HPV and the etiology of EC, providing foundation for further study in molecular mechanism and specific intervention targets.

6.
Chemosphere ; 284: 131324, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225113

RESUMO

The potential toxicity of copper has received great attention for a long time, however, trans-generational effects of copper have not been extensively investigated. Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) was used to evaluate the trans-generational toxicities of copper several physiological endpoints: growth, head thrashes and body bends and degree of neuronal damage. Copper significantly inhibited growth, body bends, head thrashes and caused degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in a concentration-dependent manner in parental worms. Further we found oxidative damage was to underlying the onset of neuron degeneration. In our study copper promoted ROS accumulation, and led to an increased expression of the oxidative stress response-related genes sod-3 and a decreased expression of metal detoxification genes mtl-1 and mtl-2. Moreover, copper increased the fluorescence intensity of the transgenic strain that encodes the antioxidant enzyme SOD-3. Gradually decline in copper-induced impairments were observed in the filial generations without exposure. No growth impairment was shown in F3, the trend of head thrashes recovery gradually appeared in F2 and no growth impairment was shown in F3, the body bends impairment caused by the parental copper exposure was recovery until F4 and no growth impairment was shown in F5. Besides, dopamine neurons revealed damage related to neurobehavioral endpoints, with hereditary effects in the progeny together. In addition, sequencing results suggested that copper exposure could cause epigenetic changes. QRT-PCR results showed that differentially expressed genes can also be passed on to offspring.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans , Caenorhabditis elegans , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Antioxidantes , Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Cobre/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo
7.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185955

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore expression profiles of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA)-messenger RNA (mRNA) in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) patients. Further, we explored the mechanisms by which lncRNA SNHG5 modulates the function of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) in AAA. METHODS: Human gene expression profile GSE57691 dataset, was retrieved from Gene Expression Omnibus database. The dataset included gene expression array data of 49 AAA patients and 10 control aortic specimens from organ donors. To explore the main roles of the biological network, differentially expressed lncRNA and mRNAs in the aortic aneurysm (AAA) and normal aortic specimens were determined. Differentially expressed lncRNA and mRNAs were then used to construct a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network using Cytoscape software, and the five key lncRNA were identified. SNHG5 which was significantly downregulated in the AAA was chosen and analysis showed that it regulates mir-205-5p and SMAD4 by binding to mir-205-5p. Double luciferase reporter gene assays, RNA immunoprecipitation, and RNA knockdown studies were used to establish the relationship between SNHG5 and mir-205-5p. Apoptosis rate was determined using flow cytometry, whereas cell proliferation was evaluated using Edu, and 24 well Transwell assay. Western blot analysis was used to determine protein expression levels. RESULTS: The five differentially expressed lncRNAs were significantly correlated with 34 microRNAs and 112 mRNAs. mRNAs in the ceRNA network are implicated in protein binding, signal transduction, DNA and RNA transcription, development, and cell differentiation. SNHG5 was downregulated in the AAA and acts as a molecular sponge for mir-205. Downregulation of SNHG5 induces expression of mir-205-5p. Increased mir-205-5p expression level inhibits SMAD4 production, thus inhibiting proliferation and migration and promotes apoptosis of smooth muscle cells. CONCLUSION: Bioinformatics were used to explore molecular mechanism of AAA progression. The findings of this study show that lncRNA SNHG5 regulates proliferation and apoptosis of VSMC cells through modulation of the mir-205-5p/SMAD4 axis. Therefore, SNHG5 is a potential therapeutic target for AAA disease.

8.
Epigenomics ; 13(11): 891-907, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955785

RESUMO

Aim: To explore tumor immune microenvironment and identify immune prognostic-related circRNAs in cervical cancer. Materials & methods: RNA-seq in combination with bioinformatics were performed to establish a prognostic risk model and a circRNAs-miRNAs-CXCL8 network. Results: High-risk group correlated with poor survival outcome, and had lower PD-1 immunogenicity. Additionally, CXCL8 could distinguish normal tissue, low- and high-risk tumor tissues, the expression of which showed an increasing trend among the three groups. RNA-seq and bioinformatics indicated that circRNAs like hsa_circ_0025721 might upregulate CXCL8 through sponging miRNAs including hsa-miR-4428. Conclusion: We constructed an immune risk model related with CD8 T cells to predict the cervical cancer patients' prognosis and explored the abnormal expression mechanism of CXCL8 through the ceRNA mechanism.

9.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 56(6): 936-941, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33720451

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to analyse the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms within INHA and ACVR2B and litter size in Dazu black goats. In total, twenty-two SNPs were genotyped in 190 individuals by SNaPshot and resequencing. The results showed that three SNPs (SNP_1, SNP_12 and SNP_13 in this study) were detected to have significant additive genetic effect on the recorded goat litter size (p < .05). The SNP_1 (NC_030809.1), a non-synonymous substitution of G for T at chr2-g. 28314990 in the exon 2 of INHA gene (NM_001285606.1), resulted in homozygote 2 (HOM2) contributed 0.25 and heterozygote (HET) contributed 0.12 larger litter than homozygote 1 (HOM1). Meanwhile, SNP_12 (Chr22-g. 11721225 A > T) and SNP_13 (Chr22-g. 11721227 A > C) (NC_030829.1) simultaneously mutated at the first and third position of a triplet AAA (lysine, K) in the exon 4 of ACVR2B gene (XM_018066623.1) had estimated genetic effects of HOM1 (0.00) and HOM2 (0.03) larger than HET (-0.12). In conclusion, one SNPs (chr2-g. 28314990 T > G) within the exon 2 of INHA and two SNPs (Chr22-g. 11721225 A > T and Chr22-g. 11721227 A > C) in the exon 4 of ACVR2B gene were highly recommended as candidate markers of litter size in Dazu black goats. A large-scale association study to assess the impact of these variants on litter size is still necessary.

10.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 9(1): 157-166, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188570

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To screen for immune genes that play a major role in Kawasaki disease and to investigate the pathogenesis of Kawasaki disease through bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: Kawasaki disease-related datasets GSE18606, GSE68004, and GSE73461 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Three microarrays were integrated and standardized to include 173 Kawasaki disease samples and 101 normal samples. The samples were analyzed using CIBERSORT to obtain the infiltration of 22 immune cells and analyze the differential immune cells in the samples and correlations. The distribution of the samples was analyzed using principal component analysis (PCA). Immune-related genes were downloaded, extracted from the screened samples and analyzed for differential analysis (different expression genes [DEG]) and weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA). We constructed coexpression networks, and used the cytohobbe tool in Cytoscape to analyze the coexpression networks and select the immune genes that played a key role in them. RESULTS: Immune cell infiltration analysis showed that B cells naive, T cells CD8, natural killer (NK) cells activated, and so forth were highly expressed in normal samples. T cells CD4 memory activated, monocytes, neutrophils, and so forth were highly expressed in Kawasaki disease samples. PCA results showed a significant difference in the distribution of normal and Kawasaki disease samples. From the screened samples, 97 upregulated and 103 downregulated immune-related genes were extracted. WGCNA analysis of DEG yielded 10 gene modules, of which the three most relevant to Kawasaki disease were red, yellow, and gray modules. They were associated with cytokine regulation, T-cell activation, presentation of T-cell receptor signaling pathways, and NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity. CXCL8, CCL5, CCR7, CXCR3, and CCR1 were identified as key genes by constructing a coexpression network. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that we can distinguish normal samples from Kawasaki disease samples based on the infiltration of immune cells, and that CXCL8, CCL5, CCR7, CXCR3, and CCR1 may play important roles in the development of Kawasaki disease.

11.
Toxicology ; 447: 152635, 2021 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189795

RESUMO

Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) is induced during tumorigenesis. Our previous research suggested that HPV and MNNG led to malignant transformation of esophageal epithelial cells. To investigate the regulation and function of miR-218(miR-218-5p) during the malignant transformation of esophageal epithelial cells, we found miR-218 was inhibited synergistically by HPV and MNNG, suppressing cell proliferation, migration and invasion by up-regulating 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) GAB2 in Het-1A-HPV-MNNG cells (malignant Het-1A cells induced by HPV and MNNG). A negative correlation was found between miR-218 and GAB2 mRNA expression in esophageal cancer patients and control people. GAB2 was up-regulated in Het-1A-HPV-MNNG cells. Further, down-expression of GAB2 reversed HPV&MNNG-mediated activation of migration and invasion and repressed SHP2/ERK and Akt/mTOR pathway signaling. In conclusion, miR-218 partially accounts for the prevention effect during malignant transformation of normal esophageal epithelial cells, which targets GAB2, which supplies the potential treatment in cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Metilnitronitrosoguanidina/administração & dosagem , Metilnitronitrosoguanidina/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Papillomaviridae/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Mucosa Respiratória/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Respiratória/metabolismo , Mucosa Respiratória/virologia
12.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 88: 106935, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889244

RESUMO

Cervical cancer (CC) has a high incidence and mortality rate, with a low 5-year survival rate, and human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of its carcinogenic risks. However, little evidence exists on the impact of HPV infection on the survival of patients with CC. In the present study, the CC cohort and immune genes were downloaded from the TCGA database and the ImmPort database, respectively. Subsequently, the Gene Set Enrichment Analysis was performed and found that HPV status was involved in multiple immune signaling pathways, which revealed that HPV infection might play critical roles in the immune response. Then seven prognostic immune genes were identified according to HPV status in CC. Using the seven immune genes, we established an immune risk score (IRS) signature and the Kaplan-Meier curve showed that high IRS was significantly correlated with poor prognosis of CC in both the training sets (HR = 2.32, 95% CI = 1.66-3.33; AUC = 0.712) and the validation sets (HR = 1.38, 95% CI = 1.02-1.85 and AUC = 0.583 in TCGA-HNSCC; HR = 2.58, 95% CI = 1.364-4.893, AUC = 0.676 in GSE44001). A nomogram of IRS combined with clinical features was established, and further analyses demonstrated that the power of the nomogram to predict the prognosis of CC was more reliable than that of a single independent factor. In conclusion, this study provided a more comprehensive understanding of the correlation between HPV and immune mechanisms as well as a novel signature that can effectively predict the prognosis of CC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/imunologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/imunologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/imunologia , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Infecções por Papillomavirus/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade
13.
Front Vet Sci ; 7: 386, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32850996

RESUMO

The BVA/KC (British Veterinary Association/Kennel Club) and FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) are the main screening schemes used to evaluate the status of canine hip dysplasia (HD) in Europe. Jointly utilizing HD records from both BVA/KC and FCI schemes could improve the reliability of genetic evaluation within and across countries. In this study, HD scores for German shepherd dogs (GSDs) in the UK (using the BVA/KC scheme) and Sweden (using the FCI scheme) were used to investigate how to better operate joint genetic evaluations across the two schemes. It was shown that under a bivariate model, which regarded BVA/KC and FCI scores as different traits, the estimated genetic correlations between the UK and Swedish GSD populations were the same when using BVA/KC total or worse hip scores and for single-country or joint analysis of both the UK and Swedish populations. Under a univariate model that converted BVA/KC scores into FCI scores, the predictability of estimated breeding values was slightly improved by performing a joint analysis.

14.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 719-730, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32099468

RESUMO

Background: Cervical cancer (CC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in women, and its treatment is often accompanied by high recurrence. We aimed to identify the long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) associated with CC recurrence. Methods: We downloaded lncRNAs expression data of CC patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset and used Cox regression models to analyze the lncRNAs relationship with CC recurrence. The significantly associated lncRNAs were utilized to construct a recurrence risk score (RRS) model. Bioinformatics analyses were used to assess the potential role of the critical lncRNAs in CC recurrence. The effect of critical lncRNAs on CC phenotype was determined by in vitro experiments. Results: Using Cox regression analysis, four lncRNAs, ie, HCG11, CASC15, LINC00189, and LINC00905, were markedly associated with worse recurrence-free survival (RFS) of CC, whereas three lncRNAs, including HULC, LINC00173, and MIR22HG, were the opposite. After constructing the RRS model, Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patients with high RRS had significantly increased risk of recurrence. Among the 20 types of tumors in the TCGA database which all had adjacent normal tissues, MIR22HG and HCG11were significantly downregulated in 18 and 10 types of tumors including CC, respectively. Increased MIR22HG was significantly relevant to decreased risks of recurrence among the subgroups of age at diagnosis < 45 (Hazard Ratio (HR) = 0.26), stage I/II (HR = 0.33), T stage I/II (HR = 0.30), chemotherapy (HR = 0.18), and molecular therapy (HR = 0.16). Functionally, elevated MIR22HG expression could suppress CC cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Conclusion: MIR22HG has a fundamental role in CC recurrence and could be served as a potential prognostic biomarker.

15.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 11524, 2019 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395914

RESUMO

This study was conducted to estimate the current prevalence of hypertension, cardiovascular condition and hearing difficulty of workers exposure to occupational noise, and to analyze any associations between these abnormal signs and occupational noise exposure. The subjects included 5205 noise-exposed workers. Workers with high noise exposure were more likely to have a higher threshold value than low exposure ones (P < 0.05). Subjects in the high exposure group had a significantly higher risk of hypertension and hearing loss than the ones in low exposure group. Between the ages of 30 and 45, high-level occupational noise exposure led to a significantly raising risk of both hypertension (Adjusted OR = 1.59, 95% CI, 1.19-2.11) and hearing loss (Adjusted OR = 1.28, 95% CI, 1.03-1.60) when comparing to low-level noise exposure. In male workers, the prevalence of hearing difficulty in high exposure group was approximately 1.2 times worse than in low group (P = 0.006). In addition, exposure to high noise level demonstrated a significant association with hypertension and hearing loss when the duration time to occupational noise was longer than 10 years. Hypertension and hearing difficulty is more prevalent in the noise-exposed group (higher than 85 dB[A]). Steps to reduce workplace noise levels and to improve workplace-based health are thus urgently needed.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Audição/epidemiologia , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/epidemiologia , Ruído Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Anormalidades Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Anormalidades Cardiovasculares/patologia , Feminino , Transtornos da Audição/etiologia , Transtornos da Audição/patologia , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/etiologia , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/patologia , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Local de Trabalho
16.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 2109-2118, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30881135

RESUMO

Purpose: We previously identified human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infection in the pathogenesis of glioma. Direct repeat (DR)7, encoded by HHV-6, has been reported to possess malignant transforming activity and involved in Hodgkin's lymphoma carcinogenesis. Here, we aimed to determine the role of DR7 in the development and progression of glioma. Patients and methods: A total of 27 glioma and 30 normal brain tissues were collected for detection of DR7. Glioma cell proliferation, colony formation, cell cycle, migration, invasion and angiogenesis were evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), soft agar, propidium iodide staining, wound healing, Transwell and chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane assays, respectively. The potential mRNA targets of DR7 were determined using mRNA microarray and validated via Western blot and ELISA. Results: DR7 could be detected in the 13 glioma tissues with a positive rate of 48.15%, but only the 5 normal brain tissues with a lower positive rate of 16.7%. The two strains of cells isolated from glioma tissues were also found to express DR7. CCK-8 and soft agar assays showed enhanced proliferation and colony formation in the cells expressing DR7 which might be in relation to acceleration of the G1/S phase transition by DR7. Further analyses showed that DR7 could promote glioma cell migration, invasion and angiogenesis. Expression profiles identified hundreds of differentially expressed mRNAs, among which P53, extracellular matrix (ECM) fibronectin, integrin receptor ITGß5 and specific inhibitors of MMPs, tissue inhibitor of MMPs (TIMP)-2 and TIMP-4, were downregulated, whereas ECM-degrading proteinase MMP-3, proinflammatory cytokines IL-1ß, IL-6 and IL-8, were upregulated by DR7, respectively. Conclusion: We observed existence of DR7 in the glioma tissues, and overexpression of DR7 could promote glioma cell development and progression, which might be through creating an inflammatory microenvironment and enhancing degradation of ECM.

17.
Mutagenesis ; 34(2): 127-133, 2019 05 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30852614

RESUMO

Because genetic variants in microRNAs (miRNAs) or their surrounding regions can alter miRNA processing, expression and final biological function, we investigated whether miRNA single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with cervical cancer (CC) susceptibility. Common miRNA SNPs (i.e. miR-146a rs2910164, miR-149 rs2292832, miR-196a2 rs11614913, miR-499 rs3746444, miR-605 rs2043556 and miR-618 rs2682818) were genotyped in the 954 patients and 1339 controls. The results showed that the miR-149 rs2292832 TC/CC genotypes were associated with a 21% increased risk of CC compared with the TT genotype [odds ratio (OR) = 1.21, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.00-1.47]. The association was more prominent among the subjects with age ≤ 48 years (OR = 1.55, 95% CI = 1.16-2.06), having history of abortion (OR = 1.44, 95% CI = 1.12-1.86), premenopausal status (OR = 1.41, 95% CI = 1.08-1.85) and patients with clinical stage II of CC (OR = 1.43, 95% CI = 1.08-1.90). The expression plasmids containing the pre-miR-149 sequence with C allele of rs2292832 transcribed higher amount of mature miR-149-5p/3p than these with T allele in the HeLa and SiHa cells. Therefore, the rs2292832 polymorphism might influence CC susceptibility through modulation of the procession of pre-miR-149 to mature miRNAs.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/genética , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/metabolismo , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Células HeLa , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
18.
Cancer Manag Res ; 10: 5991-6001, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30538548

RESUMO

Purpose: We previously found the involvement of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infection in the pathogenesis of glioma. U94/rep, encoded by HHV-6, has been identified to play a vital role in viral gene expression and latency. Recent studies have shown its inhibition of angiogenesis and tumorigenesis in endothelial cells and prostate cancer cell line PC3, respectively. Here, we aimed to investigate the role of U94/rep in the development and progression of glioma. Patients and methods: A total of 20 glioma tissues with positive HHV-6 infection were used for detection of U94/rep. MTT, soft agar, propidium iodide staining, wound healing, Transwell, and chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane assays were applied for evaluation of glioma cells' proliferation, colony formation, cell cycle, migration, invasion, and angiogenesis, respectively. Results: U94/rep transcripts could be detected in 11 out of 20 glioma tissues with positive HHV-6 infection. Furthermore, MTT and soft agar assays revealed that overexpression of U94/rep inhibited glioma cell proliferation and colony formation, which may be attributed to the cell cycle arrest at S phase induced by U94/rep. Further analysis demonstrated that U94/rep inhibited glioma cells' migration and invasion and ex vivo angiogenesis. Reduced expression of proangiogenic factors, vascular endothelial growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor, and type IV collagenases, MMP-2 and MMP-9, was detected in cells overexpressing U94/rep. These decreased factors may undermine glioma cell migration, invasion, and angiogenesis. Conclusion: Our results demonstrated that U94/rep could inhibit malignant phenotypes of glioma cells, indicating that it is a potential target for therapeutic intervention.

19.
Asian-Australas J Anim Sci ; 31(2): 301-308, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28823135

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study compared the meat quality, muscle fiber characteristics, and fatty acids between Jinjiang yellow cattle (JJ) and F1 Simmental×Jinjiang yellow cattle (SJ) which were offered the same diet. METHODS: Six JJ and six SJ individuals were reared and fattened from 10 to 26 months of age. After feeding, the highrib (HR), ribeye (RB), and tenderloin (TL) samples were taken from the carcass for meat quality evaluations. RESULTS: The results showed that growth performance of SJ was higher than that of JJ (higher live weight and average daily gain), and the hot carcass weight of SJ was higher than that of JJ (p<0.05). pH of JJ was higher than that of SJ in TL (p<0.05); the color of a* of SJ was higher than that of JJ in TL and RB (p<0.05); the cooking loss of SJ was significantly lower than that of JJ in TL and RB (p<0.05); the shear force value was significantly lower in SJ compared to JJ (p<0.05); the muscle fiber diameter was higher and the fiber density was lower in SJ compared to JJ in HR and TL (p<0.05); compared to SJ, the muscles of JJ had higher saturated fatty acid (SFA) composition; the sum of monounsaturated fatty acid and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) were lower in the muscle of JJ; the mRNA expressions of myosin heavy chain-I (MyHC-I) and MyHC-IIa were higher in SJ compared to JJ in muscle of HR and RB; the mRNA expressions of MyHC-IIx and MyHC-IIb were lower in SJ compared to JJ in HR and RB (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Meat quality and fatty acid profile differed between SJ and JJ; the muscle of SJ had higher a* and SFA; SJ had lower cooking loss, shear force and PUFA compared to the muscle of JJ. In addition, the type and development characteristics of the muscle fiber had some difference between SJ and JJ; these might be factors which caused the differences in meat quality and fatty acid profile between SJ and JJ.

20.
Oncotarget ; 8(49): 86217-86226, 2017 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29156789

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is the second leading cause of mortality among women. Impairment of the base excision repair (BER) pathway is one of the major causes of the initiation and progression of cervical cancer. However, whether the polymorphisms of the BER pathway components (i.e., HOGG1, XRCC1, ADPRT, and APE1) can affect the risk of cervical cancer remains unknown. Herein, we applied a hospital-based case-control study covering two independent cohorts and a subsequent functional assay to determine the roles of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the BER pathway genes in cervical cancer. Results indicated that the XRCC1 rs3213245 (-77TC) TT genotype was associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer. The immunohistochemistry assay showed that XRCC1 protein expression levels were upregulated in cervical cancer patients with the XRCC1 rs3213245 CC genotype compared with the CT or TT genotypes. Further, results from ChIP assay showed that Sp1 could bind to the -77 site and that the rs3213245 C genotype promoted the binding of Sp1 to the XRCC1 promoter. Moreover, ChIP/Re-ChIP assays revealed that transcription factor Krox-20 was recruited to the XRCC1 rs3213245 mutation region and regulated the transcription of the XRCC1 gene by interacting with Sp1, ultimately mediated cervical cancer development. In summary, the findings indicated that the functional XRCC1 SNP rs3213245 was associated with the risk of cervical cancer based on the Sp1/Krox-20 switch.

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