Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 16 de 16
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 58(25): 4056-4059, 2022 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35262118

RESUMO

The detection of X-rays has always been a frontier of scientific research. An Eu-MOF with both X-ray-induced photochromic and scintillation properties has been synthesized through the combination of a photochromism-active viologen ligand and rare earth Eu element with high-efficiency absorption of X-rays. In a bright environment, Eu-MOF exhibits different color changes under high-energy X-rays and low-energy X-rays, which can effectively distinguish X-rays. Eu-MOF can also be used for X-ray detection by scintillation properties in dark environments. This work provides a new perspective on the design of multifunctional materials that can perform simple X-ray detection in different environments.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 49(22): 7309-7314, 2020 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32458956

RESUMO

The synergy of unusual X-aggregation induced luminescent chromophores and heavy Pb(ii) ions has facilitated excellent X-ray scintillation of two structurally similar Pb-SMOFs, which are heat-resistant due to solvent-free lattices. Owing to their higher Pb(ii) contents, Pb-SMOFs with larger X-ray absorption coefficients are more sensitive for X-ray dosage detection than powdered CsPbBr3.

3.
ACS Omega ; 4(12): 15107-15111, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31552355

RESUMO

A solvothermal reaction of Co(CH3COO)2·4H2O and 5-mercapto-1-methyl-tetrazole (Hmmtz) in methanol (MeOH) yielded a one-dimensional solvent-free energetic coordination polymer, namely, [Co(mmtz)2] n 1, which was structurally characterized. The enthalpy of formation (Δf H°) of 1 (907 kJ mol-1) is much larger than that of commercial 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (-59 kJ mol-1). The impact sensitivity and the friction sensitivity are greater than 40 J and 360 N, respectively, indicating that compound 1 exhibits a potential application as a safe explosive. Temperature-dependent molar magnetic susceptibilities show that weak antiferromagnetic behavior exists in 1.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 58(7): 4508-4514, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30864428

RESUMO

Rational design and tailored synthesis of noncentrosymmetric compounds with nonlinear optical (NLO) properties, especially in the deep-ultraviolet (deep-UV) region, remains a great challenge. Herein, we report on the development of a modified fluoro-solvo-hydrothermal method with two additive reagents (trimethylamine and NaF solution) as the solvents, using BaFe(PO4)(OH) ( P212121) as the prototype, for the rational design and tailored synthesis of the first deep-UV fluorinated orthophosphate, BaZn(PO4)F. It crystallizes in the polar space group Pna21 and exhibits transparency down to deep-UV region (<190 nm) with SHG effect at 0.26 × KH2(PO4). Its structure is built from strictly alternating ZnO4F trigonal bipyramids and PO4 tetrahedra, resulting in a four-connected ABW-type zeolite framework. First-principles calculations confirm the deep-UV absorption edge and reveal that ZnO4F plays an essential role in the NLO properties. The synergetic effect of Zn and F atoms leads to its more polar crystal structure, much deeper absorption edge, and better SHG effect than the prototype.

5.
Dalton Trans ; 48(5): 1722-1731, 2019 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30637431

RESUMO

Solid-state X-ray scintillators are widely applied in medical imaging and space exploration. However, it is still a great challenge to probe into the intrinsic nature of scintillating behaviour due to the ambiguous structure-function relationship. Herein, four structure-defined X-ray scintillating Pb(ii)-based metal-organic frameworks (SMOFs) were successfully obtained under solvothermal conditions, [Pb(1,4-ndc)(DMF)]n (SMOF-1), [Pb(1,4-ndc)(DMA)]n (SMOF-2), [Pb2(2,6-ndc)2(H2O)]n·nDMF (SMOF-3) and [Pb4(2,6-ndc)3Cl2]n (SMOF-4), where 1,4-H2ndc = 1,4-naphthalene dicarboxylate, 2,6-H2ndc = 2,6-naphthalene dicarboxylate, DMF = N,N-dimethylformamide, and DMA = N,N-dimethylacetamide. SMOFs 1-4 show scintillating signals under X-rays triggered by a highly purified tungsten target. Compared with SMOFs 1-3, SMOF-4 exhibits excellent scintillating performance owing to its solvent-free and denser structure, which favours more efficient conversion ability of X-rays to visible light. X-ray stimulated luminescence (XSL) spectra present multiple emission peaks, which is further confirmed by wavelength-dependent luminescence spectra under UV-Vis light, and density of state and DFT calculations. The synergistic effects of heavy metal Pb(ii) centres as effective X-ray absorbers and organic ligands as luminescent motifs endow these Pb(ii)-based MOFs with application prospects in X-ray detection.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(38): 4806-4809, 2018 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29687106

RESUMO

Deep eutectic mixtures were deployed for the preparation of porous layered [Sn3Se7]n2n- single crystals. The perforation on the layers accentuates the negative temperature dependence of its band gap, resulting in remarkable thermochromic performance. Substitution of the hydroxo group by the methyl group provides an enhanced hydrophobicity for the organic template, leading to an anhydrous product with a remarkably improved thermal stability and thus reversible thermochromic properties.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 46(35): 11851-11859, 2017 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28848945

RESUMO

Germanophosphates, in comparison with other metal phosphates, have been less studied but potentially exhibit more diverse structural chemistry with wide applications. Herein we applied a hydro-/solvo-fluorothermal route to make use of both the "tailor effect" of fluoride for the formation of low dimensional anionic clusters and the presence of alkali cations of different sizes to align the anionic clusters to control the overall crystal symmetries of germanophosphates. The synergetic effects of fluoride and alkali cations led to structural changes from chain-like structures to layered structures in a series of five novel fluorogermanophosphates: A2[GeF2(HPO4)2] (A = Na, K, Rb, NH4, and Cs, denoted as Na, K, Rb, NH4, and Cs). Although these fluorogermanophosphates have stoichiometrically equivalent formulas, they feature different anionic clusters, diverse structural dimensionalities, and contrasting crystal symmetries. Chain-like structures were observed for the compounds with the smaller sized alkali ions (Na+, K+, and Rb+), whereas layered structures were found for those containing the larger sized cations ((NH4)+ and Cs+). Specifically, monoclinic space groups were observed for the Na, K, Rb, and NH4 compounds, whereas a tetragonal space group P4/mbm was found for the Cs compound. These compounds provide new insights into the effects of cation sizes on the anionic clusters built from GeO4F2 octahedra and HPO4 tetrahedra as well as their influences on the overall structural symmetries in germanophosphates. Further characterization including IR spectroscopy and thermal analyses for all five compounds is also presented.

8.
ACS Omega ; 2(1): 346-352, 2017 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31457235

RESUMO

For designing energetic materials (EMs), the most challenging issue is to achieve a balance between energetic performance and reliable stability. In this work, we employed an efficient and convenient method to synthesize a new class of EMs: nitrogen-rich tetranuclear metal complexes [M(Hdtim)(H2O)2]4 (M = Zn 1, Mn 2; H3dtim = 1H-imidazol-4,5-tetrazole) with the N content of >46%. The structural analyses illustrate that isomorphous compounds 1 and 2 feature isolated hollow ellipsoid tetranuclear units, which are linked by both π-π interactions and hydrogen-bonding interactions to give a 3D supramolecular architecture. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibit prominent energetic characteristics: excellent detonation performances and reliable thermal, impact, and friction stabilities. Being nitrogen-rich tetrazolate compounds, the enthalpies of combustion of 1 (-11.570 kJ g-1) and 2 (-12.186 kJ g-1) are higher than those of classical EMs, RDX and HMX, and they possess high positive heats of formation. Sensitivity tests demonstrate that 1 and 2 are insensitive to external mechanical action. Excellent energetic performances and low sensitivities promote 1 and 2 to serve as a new class of promising EMs with a desirable level of safety.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 55(15): 7335-40, 2016 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27400274

RESUMO

A flexible metal-organic framework (FMOF) with functionalized pores was hydrothermally synthesized to improve CO2 affinity and selectivity. The obtained FMOF exhibits a reversible shrinking and swelling framework transformation, which is triggered by the adsorption of CO2 rather than by the adsorption of N2 and CH4. At ambient temperature and an atmospheric pressure, this FMOF shows not only a high CO2 uptake (98 cm(3) g(-1), 19.3 wt %) but also a good calculated adsorption selectivity for CO2 over both CH4 and N2 (CO2/CH4 50:50 v/v: 28.6:1, CO2/N2 15:85 v/v: 210.4:1 calculated by ideal adsorbed solution theory), indicating potential applications in the purification of natural gas and industrial flue gas.

10.
Tumour Biol ; 37(1): 353-60, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26219893

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to explore the biological roles of microRNA-140 (miR-140) in tumor growth, migration, and metastasis of osteosarcoma (OS) in vivo and in vitro. Between 2007 and 2014, 47 cases of OS samples and normal bone tissue samples adjacent to OS were selected from our hospital. Tissue biopsies from OS patients were used to measure miR-140 levels to obtain a correlation between clinicopathological features and miR-140 expression. In vitro, MG63 human osteosarcoma cells were divided into four groups: blank group, miR-140 mimic group, miR-140 inhibitor group, and negative control (NC; empty plasmid) group. qRT-PCR was used to detect miR-140 expression, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to detect cell proliferation, flow cytometry was used to detect cell cycle distribution, and scratch migration assay was used to detect cell migration. In vivo, the relative expression of miR-140 level in OS tissue was lower than that in the adjacent normal bone tissue. miR-140 expression is inversely correlated with tumor size, Enneking stage, and tumor metastasis. In vitro, compared with blank group and NC group, relative miR-140 expression was increased, cell proliferation was inhibited, cell population in G0/G1 phase was increased, cell population in G2/M phase and S phases and proliferation index (PI), and cell migration distance were decreased in the miR-140 mimic group, but the relative expression and all the cell indexes were found opposite trend in the miR-140 inhibitor group. In conclusion, in vivo and vitro findings provided evidence that miR-140 could inhibit the growth, migration, and metastasis of OS cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Adulto , Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
11.
Dalton Trans ; 44(21): 10089-96, 2015 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25952460

RESUMO

Two new lead(II) coordination polymers, [Pb(NO3)(tzib)]n (1) and [Pb(tzib)2]n (2), were successfully synthesized from the reaction of a rigid ligand 1-tetrazole-4-imidazole-benzene (Htzib) and lead(II) nitrate in different solvents. The obtained polymers have been characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses, which show that both polymers feature 2D layer structures. The inorganic anion nitrate in 1 shows a µ2-κO3:κO3 bridging mode to connect adjacent lead ions into a zigzag chain, and then the organic ligands tzib(-) join the neighboring chains into a 2D layer by a µ3-κN1:κN2:κN6 connection mode. In 2, there are two different bridging modes of the tzib(-) ligand: µ3-κN1:κN2:κN6 and µ3-κN1:κN6 to coordinate the lead ions into a 2D layer structure. Interestingly, both polymers displayed broadband emissions covering the entire visible spectra, which could be tunable to near white-light emission by varying excitation wavelengths.

12.
PLoS One ; 10(1): e0116375, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25635882

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the current study was to assess the distribution and its prognostic value of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH] D) levels assessed at admission in Chinese postmenopausal women with hip fracture. METHODS: From January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2013, all postmenopausal women with first-ever hip fracture were recruited to participate in the study. Serum 25[OH] D levels were measured at admission. The functional evaluation at the time of discharge was performed by the Barthel Index (BI). The prognostic value of 25[OH] D to predict the functional outcome within discharge was analyzed by logistic regression analysis, after adjusting for the possible confounders. RESULTS: In our study, 261 patients were included and assessed. In the 76 patients with an unfavorable functional outcome, serum 25(OH) D levels were lower compared with those in patients with a favorable outcome [11.8(IQR, 9.9-16.1) ng/ml; 16.8(IQR, 13.6-21.4) ng/ml, respectively; P<0.0001]. In multivariate analysis, there was an increased risk of unfavorable outcome associated with serum 25(OH) D levels ≤ 20 ng/ml (OR 5.24, 95%CI: 3.11-8.15; P<0.0001) after adjusting for possible confounders. CONCLUSIONS: Our data support an association between serum 25[OH] D levels and prognosis in Chinese postmenopausal women with hip fracture.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril/sangue , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/terapia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/sangue , Pós-Menopausa , Prognóstico , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento , Vitamina D/sangue
13.
Dalton Trans ; 44(7): 3289-94, 2015 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25597698

RESUMO

Three air-stable tetrahedral manganese(ii) dihalide complexes [MnX2(DPEPO)] (DPEPO = bis[2-(diphenylphosphino)phenyl]ether oxide; X = Cl, Br and I) were prepared. All of the obtained compounds were structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses, which reveal that they crystallize in centrosymmetric space groups and feature an isolated mononuclear structure with Mn(2+) in a tetrahedral environment. Interestingly, these complexes show excellent photoluminescent performance in neat solid form, with the highest total quantum yield (Φtotal) of up to 70% recorded for the dibromide complex. Intense green flashes of light could be observed by the naked eye when rubbing the manganese(ii) complexes.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 52(17): 10096-104, 2013 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23937409

RESUMO

We employed two pairs of new in-situ-generated chiral amino acid-tetrazole ligands in constructing homochiral Zn(II) coordination compounds: [Zn(tzet)]n (1a for (S)-tzet and 1b for (R)-tzet, H2tzet = N-[2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)ethyl]tryptophan) and [Zn(tzep)(H2O)2]·H2O (2a for (S)-tzep and 2b for (R)-tzep, H2tzep = N-[2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)ethyl]proline), which were hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Structural analysis reveals that 1 features a 2D homochiral framework generated by both tetrazolate and carboxylate bridges in tzet(2-) ligands. The isolated structure of 2 is stabilized by extensive hydrogen bonds, which leads to formation of a supramolecular 2D architecture. The absolute configuration induced at the nitrogen atoms of 1 and 2 is strictly related to the neighboring chiral carbon atoms by hydrogen-bond interactions. To further investigate their chirality, the combined experimental and theoretical analyses of circular dichroism spectra reveal the absolute configurations and nature of the Cotton effects. Solid-state excitation and emission spectra for 1 and 2 at room temperature were investigated with relevant density of states calculation, and tunable photoluminescence emission of 1 under different excitation wavelengths was discussed. As nitrogen-rich tetrazolate compounds, 1 and 2 possess higher enthalpies of combustion and may serve as a new family of promising energetic materials.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 51(7): 4015-9, 2012 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22409439

RESUMO

Photochromism of N-methyl-4,4'-bipyridinium (MQ(+)) salts and their metal complexes has never been reported. A series of MQ(+) coordinated halozinc complexes [(MQ)ZnX(3)] (X = Cl (1), Br (2), I (3)) and [(MQ)ZnCl(1.53)I(1.47)](2)(MQ)ZnCl(1.68)I(1.32) (4), with better physicochemical stability than halide salts of the MQ(+) cation, have been found to exhibit different photochromic behaviors. Compounds 1-3 are isostructural, but only 1 and 2 show photochromism. Introduction of partial Cl atoms to nonphotochromic compound 3 yields compound 4, which also displays photochromism. The photochromic response of 1, 2, and 4 indicates the presence of their long-lived charge separation states, which originate from X → MQ(+) electron transfer according to ESR and XPS measurements. Studies on the influence of different coordinated halogen atoms demonstrate that the Cl atom may be a more suitable electron donor than Br and I atoms to design redox photochromic metal complexes.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 51(1): 472-82, 2012 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22148320

RESUMO

The exploration in two hydro(solvo)thermal reaction systems As/S/Mn(2+)/phen/methylamine aqueous solution and As/S/Mn(2+)/2,2'-bipy/H(2)O affords five new manganese thioarsenates with diverse structures, namely, (CH(3)NH(3)){[Mn(phen)(2)](As(V)S(4))}·phen (1 and 1'), (CH(3)NH(3))(2){[Mn(phen)](2)(As(V)S(4))(2)} (2), {[Mn(phen)(2)](As(III)(2)S(4))}(n) (3), {[Mn(phen)](3)(As(III)S(3))(2)}·H(2)O (4), and {[Mn(2,2'-bipy)(2)](2)(As(V)S(4))}[As(III)S(S(5))] (5). Compound 1 comprises a {[Mn(phen)(2)](As(V)S(4))}(-) complex anion, a monoprotonated methylamine cation and a phen molecule. Compound 2 contains a butterfly like {[Mn(phen)](2)(As(V)S(4))(2)}(2-) anion charge compensated by two monoprotonated methylamine cations. Compound 3 is a neutral chain formed by a helical (1)(∞)(As(III)S(2)(-)) vierer chain covalently bonds to [Mn(II)(phen)](2+) complexes via all its terminal S atoms. Compound 4 features a neutral chain showing the stabilization of noncondensed (As(III)S(3))(3-) anions in the coordination of [Mn(II)(phen)](2+) complex cations. Compound 5 features a mixed-valent As(III)/As(V) character and an interesting chalcogenidometalates structure, where a polycation formed by the connection of two [Mn(2,2'-bipy)(2)](2+) complex cation and a (As(V)S(4))(3-) anion acts as a countercation for a polythioarsenate anion, [As(III)S(S(5))](-). The title compounds exhibit optical gaps in the range 1.58-2.48 eV and blue photoluminescence. Interestingly, compound 1 displays a weak second harmonic generation (SHG) response being about 1/21 times of KTP (KTiOPO(4)). Magnetic measurements show paramagnetic behavior for 1 and dominant antiferromagnetic behavior for 2-5. Of particular interest is 4, which is the first manganese chalcogenide showing spin-canting characteristic.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...