Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.655
Filtrar
1.
Waste Manag ; 126: 411-422, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836392

RESUMO

Pyrolysis is a waste conversion technology to solve an increasing plastic waste issue worldwide. Waste plastic pyrolysis fuel from a commercial-scale pyrolysis plant (10 ton/day) was comprehensively investigated using distillation methods by separating the crude pyrolysis fuel to isolate the diesel-like pyrolysis fuel fraction (C9-C25 for fraction 2 + fraction 3, middle distillate). Other fractions were C5-C10 for the light distillate (fraction 1), and >C25 for the heavy distillate (fraction 4). The relationship between the fuel boiling point and liquid vapor temperature were found for designing a scaled-up oil separation process. The diesel grade pyrolysis fuel fraction comprised approximately 70-80% of the crude pyrolysis fuel, wherein it had values of 43-45 MJ/kg, 1-6 cSt, and 12-42 mgKOH/goil. Meanwhile, the elemental ratios of the crude pyrolysis oil improved to 0.1 for O/C and 1.9 for H/C after separation, close to petroleum fuels (0.0 O/C and 1.95 H/C). The highest relative chemical composition was the olefins (46% in fraction 1 and 41% in fraction 2), whereas the paraffin was approximately 15-20% in the light fraction. Finally, the potential CO2 reduction for the plastic waste-to-energy process was evaluated, revealing that a total of 0.26 tCO2/tonwaste of emissions could be avoided during the waste plastic pyrolysis process.

2.
Bioresour Technol ; 331: 125046, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827016

RESUMO

A FeCl3-activated seaweed carbon/MCM-41/alginate hydrogel composite (ECAC/MCM-41/ ALG) cross-linked with calcium chloride (2% CaCl2) was synthesized for the biosorption of bisphenol A (BPA) plasticizer and basic blue (BB) dye. Biosorption uptakes of BPA and BB were performed in a batch mode with varying solution pH from 3 to 11, initial sorbate concentration from 25 to 300 mg/L, reaction time from 0 to 10 h, and biosorption temperature from 30 to 50 °C. The maximum BPA and BB uptake mechanisms were fast, which occurred within contact times of 1 and 2 h with monolayer coverage capacities of 222.32 and 190.11 mg/g at 50 °C, respectively. Cyclic biosorption/desorption behavior was evaluated via an ethanol elution to evaluate the feasibility of the ECAC/MCM-41/ALG for long-term application. Results revealed the biosorption renewability for five cycles up to 80% of the newly synthesized hydrogel composite for the purification of industrial wastewater laden with emerging contaminants.

3.
Life Sci ; : 119461, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811900

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer (OC) is the most common gynecological malignant tumor with the highest mortality rate. However, identification of effective immune therapeutic targets and biomarkers are beset by many challenges. CIBERSORT was used to calculate the abundance of 22 immune cell types in 379 OC samples, and indicated that three immune cell types were associated with poor prognoses. Further analysis revealed that 17 hub genes were associated with these three cell types. We screened differentially expressed immune-related prognostic gene associated with clinicopathological factors, which was CST4. We used clinical specimens to detect the expression of CST4, and determined that CST4 was both highly expressed in OC patients and associated with poor prognoses. Our findings indicated that infiltration of immune cells affected the survival of patients with OC, provided therapeutic targets represented by CST4, deepened our understanding of the immune microenvironment of OC, and enhanced the theoretical basis of immunotherapy.

4.
J Biomech ; 120: 110386, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794414

RESUMO

There has been no systematic review evaluating the efficacy of electromyography (EMG) biofeedback after knee surgery recently. This meta-analysis aimed to determine whether EMG-biofeedback is effective for improving the range of motion (ROM), physical function, and pain relief in patients after knee. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of EMG-biofeedback after any knee surgery were retrieved from EMBASE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, ClinicalTrials.gov, ProQuest. This review identified 773 unique studies, and six RCTs were in the final meta-analysis. EMG-Biofeedback treatment has a significant difference compared to other rehabilitation therapy in knee ROM improving (SMD = -0.48, 95% CI = -0.82 to -0.14, p = 0.006, I2 = 37%). Moreover, there was no significant difference in pain (SMD = -0.33, 95% CI = -0.67 to0.02, p = 0.07, I2 = 41%) and physical function scores (MD = 1.83, 95% CI = -3.48 to7.14, p = 0.50, I2 = 0%). The results illustrate that EMG-biofeedback can improve knee ROM in patients after knee surgery. However, it is not superior to other rehabilitation methods for pain relief and physical function improvement.

5.
Pathogens ; 10(2)2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33671750

RESUMO

Melophagus ovinus (sheep ked) is a hematophagous ectoparasite that mainly parasitizes sheep. In addition to causing inflammation, wool loss, and skin damage to the animal hosts, M. ovinus also serves as a vector for a variety of pathogens and is highly likely to participate in the life and transmission cycle of pathogenic organisms. Herein, we investigated the presence and molecular characterization of vector-borne pathogens in M. ovinus from Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. A total of 92 M. ovinus pools collected from the Qinghai province of China were screened for the presence of selected vector-borne pathogens. The overall positive rate of A. ovis, A. bovis, A. phagocytophilum, and T. ovis in M. ovinus was 39.1%, 17.4%, 9.8%, and 89.1%, respectively. All of the samples were negative for Border disease virus (BDV), other Anaplasma species, Babesia spp., Rickettsia spp., and Borrelia spp. Co-infection of different Anaplasma species and T. ovis occurred in 51.2% of all samples with T. ovis. The positive rates of A. ovis, A. bovis, and A. phagocytophilum in different regions and altitudes of the sampling sites were significantly different. Sequence and phylogenetic analysis of target genes confirmed their identity with corresponding pathogens. Our results elucidate the occurrence and molecular characterization of Anaplasma spp. and Theileria spp. in M. ovinus, which could act as potential zoonotic reservoirs. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the detection of A. bovis and A. phagocytophilum DNA in M. ovinus. This study gives the first extensive molecular survey of vector-borne pathogens with veterinary and public health significance in M. ovinus from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709569

RESUMO

In this work, we report a facile synthesis of two-dimensional (2D) bimetallic (Fe/Co = 1:2) metal-organic frameworks (MOF, ~2.2 nm thick) via simple stirring of the reaction mixture of Fe/Co salts and 1,4-benzene dicarboxylic acid (1,4-BDC) in the presence of triethylamine and water at room temperature. The mechanism of the 2D, rather than bulk, MOF was revealed by studying the role of each component in the reaction mixture. It was found that these 2D MOF-Fe/Co(1:2) exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activity for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) under basic conditions. The electrocatalytic mechanism was disclosed via both experimental results and density functional theory (DFT) calculation. The 2D morphology and co-doping of Fe/Co contributed to the superior OER performance of the 2D MOF-Fe/Co(1:2). The simple and efficient synthetic method is suitable for the mass production and future commercialization of functional 2D MOF with low cost and high yield.

7.
Environ Pollut ; 279: 116922, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743436

RESUMO

Short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) are persistent organic pollutants which are toxic to human. Median-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs) have similar toxicity to SCCPs. The productions of chlorinated paraffins (CPs) in China were 1 million tons in 2013 and remained high after that, which may lead to high risks for human exposure to CPs. To investigate temporal trends and health risks of SCCPs and MCCPs in breast milk in China, samples (n = 2020) were collected from urban and rural areas of 11 Chinese provinces in 2017 and mixed into 42 pooled samples. SCCPs and MCCPs were analyzed by two-dimensional gas chromatography with electron-capture negative-ionization mass spectrometry (GC × GC-ECNI-MS). The MCCP concentrations (median (range)) were 472 (94-1714) and 567 (211-1089) ng g-1 lipid in urban and rural areas, respectively, which showed continuously rapidly increasing during 2007-2017. The SCCP concentrations (median (range)) were 393 (131-808) and 525 (139-1543) ng g-1 lipid in urban and rural areas, respectively. The results showed SCCP levels decreased in urban areas between 2007 and 2017. Significant increases in MCCP/SCCP ratios might arise from extensive manufacturing and use of MCCPs. The median estimated dietary intake via breast milk in urban and rural samples were 1230 and 2510 ng kg-1 d-1, respectively, for SCCPs and 2150 and 1890 ng kg-1 d-1, respectively, for MCCPs. Preliminarily risk assessment showed that SCCPs posed a significant health risk to infants via breastfeeding. The high MCCP levels should also be of concern because of continuous growth and negative effect on infants. Correspondence analysis indicated congeners with higher carbon and chlorine numbers in dietary tend to accumulate in breast milk.

8.
Ann Hepatol ; 25: 100343, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781916

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: LINC01006 has been verified to be correlated with several cancer types, whereas its biological function in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still elusive. This study aimed to elucidate the specific regulatory mechanism of LINC01006 in the tumorigenesis of HCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of LINC01006, miR-433-3p and CBX3 in HCC tissues and cells was assessed by qRT-PCR or Western blot. MTT, wound-healing, and transwell assays were used to evaluate the effects of LINC01006 on cell viability, migration, and invasion in vitro. A mouse xenograft model was established for in vivo assays. The relations among LINC01006, miR-433-3p, and CBX3 were analyzed by MS2-RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and Dual-luciferase reporter (DLR) assays. RESULTS: The expression of LINC01006 was up-regulated in HCC tissues and cells. LINC01006 knockdown inhibited the viability, wound healing rate, and invasive cell number of HeP3B and SK-HeP-1 cells, and decreased the tumor volume and weight in a mouse xenograft model. MiR-433-3p was a target of LINC01006, and LINC01006 overexpression inhibited the viability, wound healing rate, and invasive cell number of HeP3B and SK-HeP-1 cells. In addition, CBX3 was a target of miR-433-3p, which was negatively regulated by miR-433-3p. CBX3 overexpression and miR-433-3p inhibition reversed the inhibiting effects of LINC01006 knockdown on the viability, migration, and invasion of HeP3B cells. CONCLUSIONS: Silencing of LINC01006 inhibited the viability, migration, and invasion of HCC cells through regulating miR-433-3p/CBX3 axis.

9.
Vet Res ; 52(1): 51, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766101

RESUMO

Trichinella spiralis is an important foodborne parasitic nematode distributed worldwide that infects humans and animals. Glutaminase (GLS) is an important gene in the glutamine-dependent acid resistance (AR) system; however, its role in T. spiralis muscle larvae (ML) remains unclear. The present study aimed to characterize T. spiralis GLS (TsGLS) and assess its function in T. spiralis ML AR both in vitro and in vivo using RNA interference. The results indicated that native TsGLS (72 kDa) was recognized by anti-rTsGLS serum at the muscle larvae stage; moreover, an immunofluorescence assay confirmed that TsGLS was located in the epidermis of ML. After silencing the TsGLS gene, the relative expression of TsGLS mRNA and the survival rate of T. spiralis ML were reduced by 60.11% and 16.55%, respectively, compared to those in the PBS and control groups. In vivo AR assays revealed that the worm numbers at 7 and 35 days post-infection (dpi) decreased by 61.64% and 66.71%, respectively, compared to those in the PBS group. The relative expression of TsGLS mRNA in F1 generation T. spiralis ML was reduced by 42.52%, compared to that in the PBS group. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report the presence of the glutamine-dependent AR system in T. spiralis. Our results indicate that TsGLS plays a crucial role in the T. spiralis AR system; thus, it could be used as a potential candidate target molecule for producing vaccines against T. spiralis infection.

10.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23703, 2021 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772893

RESUMO

COVID-19 has a worldwide distribution; however, there is no effective diagnosis marker, especially for the mild-type COVID-19. The purpose of the current study was to identify parameters for mild-type COVID-19. We retrospectively analyzed a single-center data of patients with mild COVID-19. Forty patients diagnosed with COVID-19 were enrolled. Peripheral blood indices between the admission and discharge times were collected and analyzed. The platelet distribution width (PDW) was shown to be an indicator of significant change. The receiver operating characteristic curve for PDW was 0.7; the sensitivity and specificity for PDW were 82.5% and 55.0%, respectively. Therefore, a potential diagnostic value of PDW for mild-type COVID-19 was demonstrated.

11.
J Mol Evol ; 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33760965

RESUMO

Key enzymes play a vital role in plant growth and development. However, the evolutionary relationships between genes encoding key enzymes in the metabolic pathway of Tartary buckwheat flavonoids are poorly understood. Based on the published Tartary buckwheat genome sequence and related Tartary buckwheat transcriptome data, 48 key enzyme-encoding genes involved in flavonoid metabolism were screened from the Tartary buckwheat genome in this study; the chromosome localization, gene structure and promoter elements of these enzyme-encoding gene were also investigated. Gene structure analysis revealed relatively conserved 5' exon sequences among the 48 genes, indicating that the structural diversity of key enzyme-encoding genes is low in Tartary buckwheat. Through promoter analysis, these key enzyme-encoding genes were found to contain a large number of light-response elements and hormone-response elements. In addition, some genes could bind MYB transcription factors, participating in the regulation of flavonoid biosynthesis. The transcription level of the 48 key enzyme-encoding gene varied greatly among tissues. In this study, we identified 48 key enzyme-encoding genes involved in flavonoid metabolic pathways, and elucidated the structure, evolution and tissue-specific expression patterns of these genes. These results lay a foundation for further understanding the functional characteristics and evolutionary relationships of key enzyme-encoding genes involved in the flavonoid metabolic pathway in Tartary buckwheat.

12.
Langmuir ; 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33761741

RESUMO

Insulation materials with excellent dielectrics-vacuum interface breakdown strength are irreplaceable in equipment such as particle accelerators, fusion ignition, and related aerospace devices. In this article, the segment structure of a typical insulation polymer, polystyrene, has been modified by introducing divinylbenzene to form cross-linking junctures and adjust the cross-linking density. The influence of cross-linking on its electron absorb-emit feature and further on the vacuum pulsed flashover characteristics has been systematically studied. A series of broadband dielectric spectroscopy (BDS) and thermally stimulated current (TSC) experiments indicate that this cross-linking network inhibits the movement of the polar segments, leading to a drastic change in the charge-trapping behavior of dielectric surface layer materials. The trapping charge density is increased, and the trapping energy is transferred to deeper-level regions. These lead to the observed suppression of secondary electron emission (SEE) of highly cross-linked polystyrenes exposed in vacuum. And, quite sensibly, the nanosecond pulsed vacuum flashover tests show that the polystyrenes with higher cross-linking density have enhanced flashover strength. Moreover, to further investigate the relationship between the dielectric SEE behavior and its vacuum flashover process, a 2-D model is established and analyzed on the basis of the particle in the cell with the Monte Carlo collision (PIC-MCC) method.

13.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 6651, 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33758208

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the levels and clinical diagnosis value of CA15-3, CEA, and SF in canine mammary gland tumors (CMGTs). In this study, the levels of tissues/serum CA15-3, CEA, and SF in 178 CMGT patients or healthy dogs were determined by ELISA and qRT-PCR assay. CA15-3, CEA, and SF levels of the malignant tumor group were significantly higher than that of the benign tumor group and the healthy control group. In the malignant tumor group, CA15-3 held a sensitivity of 51.8%, a specificity of 93.9%, and an accuracy of 76.8%. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of CEA were 44.6%, 84.1%, and 68.1% respectively. SF held a sensitivity of 62.5%, a specificity of 85.4%, and an accuracy of 76.1%. SF showed the highest sensitivity and CA15-3 showed the highest specificity. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the combined detection of the three biomarkers in malignant tumor groups were 80.4%, 78.0%, and 80.0%, respectively, therefore combined detection increased sensitivity and accuracy but decreased specificity. In conclusion, the combined detection of serum/tissue markers CA15-3, CEA, and SF may improve the detection sensitivity of CMGTs, providing reference value for clinical application.

14.
Opt Express ; 29(3): 4139-4146, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33770999

RESUMO

In this paper, we proposed an all-sapphire-based extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometer (EFPI) pressure sensor based on an optimized wet etching process, aiming to improve the quality of the interference signal. The sapphire pressure sensitive diaphragm (SPSD) was fabricated by wet etching solutions with different mixture ratios of H3PO4 and H2SO4 at 280°C. The differences of mixture ratios affect the surface roughness of SPSD. SPSDs with surface roughness of 3.91nm and 0.39nm are obtained when the mixture ratios of H3PO4 and H2SO4 is 1:1 and 1:3, respectively. We constructed pressure sensing test system adopting these two kinds of SPSD and performed comparative test. The experiment results show that the demodulation jump can be solved and cavity length fluctuation is decreased to ±5nm when the surface roughness of SPSD is 0.39nm.

15.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 84, 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC), the third most commonly diagnosed malignant carcinoma and the third most common cause of carcinoma-related mortality, continues to be a major international health problem. And approximately 33% of patients suffer from recurrence after radical surgery. Free malignant cell implanting in the peritoneum is generally accepted as one of the main reasons of such outcome. We did this present clinical study with the aim of evaluating the effects and safety of intraoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (IOC) on patients suffering from colorectal cancer, with hoping to find a novel, effective, and available approach to deal with malignant cell implanting during surgeries. METHODS: In total, 391 patients who went through colorectal radical surgery were considered eligible between June 1, 2017, and December 31, 2018. 220 patients were treated with surgery without IOC, while other 171 patients received surgery plus IOC. Clinical characteristics, operative findings, postoperative short-term outcomes, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) were compared between these above 2 groups in the selected population. RESULT: The present research included 391 patients (251 men and 140 women) who underwent surgery without IOC (n = 171) or surgery plus IOC (n = 220), with a mean (SD) age of 60.4 (9.7) years in the surgery without IOC group and 60.6 (8.7) in the surgery plus IOC group (P=.85). No significant differences were witnessed between the two groups in surgery-related information and postoperative complications. It is worth noting that IOC independent of other factors was associated with a favor prognosis in CRC patients with stage II/III (HR 0.50, 95%CI 0.30-0.82, P=.006). Moreover, for patients with stage II colorectal carcinoma, DFS did not differ between two groups (P=.553, Kaplan-Meier log-rank), and OS was no exception. In stage III CRC patients, the estimated DFS rate for patients receiving IOC was 82.2% and patients without IOC was 66.4% after 3 years, which demonstrated that IOC was associated with a favorable prognosis in stage III patients (P=.012, Kaplan-Meier log-rank). Furthermore, the differences were still remained between the two groups when considering the influence about postoperative chemotherapy (P=.014, Kaplan-Meier log-rank). IOC can also significantly improve patients' overall survival whether they get treatment with POC (P=.006, Kaplan-Meier log-rank; P=.025, Kaplan-Meier log-rank). CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, we have found that surgery plus IOC generated a favorable prognosis for stage III CRC patients but not stage II without any side-effects when the dosage of lobaplatin was 0.1g/L. As a new, safe, and simple procedure, IOC therapy is easily performed-and does not require any special devices or techniques. Thus, IOC is a promising and exciting therapeutic strategy for patients with CRC.

16.
Carbohydr Polym ; 261: 117894, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766379

RESUMO

The advent of electric skins (E-skin) with tactile sensation, flexibility, and human affinity characteristics have attracted considerable attention in extensive research fields, including intelligent robots and health monitoring, etc. To improve the intrinsic brittleness of hydrogels, a multifunctional E-skin was fabricated involving a TEMPO-NFC and a covalently cross-linked polyacrylamide (PAM) network. In this work, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as long-term antibacterial agent and conductive fillers were coated onto NFC nanofibers. Subsequently, this nanocomposite hydrogel was synthesized by free radical copolymerization of AM monomers with PNAg fibers as interpenetrating fibers network. Importantly with NFC present, the nanocomposite hydrogel exhibited superior mechanical performance and excellent self-recovery ability. The obtained sensor with excellent mechanical stability and sensing performance could detect mechanotransduction signal of human movements. This work provides a practicable method to prepare high antibacterial efficiency, excellent mechanical performance, and dual-modal nanocellulose-based hydrogel sensor for the broad-range application in human-motion detection and intelligence skins.

17.
Neurosci Bull ; 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33768515

RESUMO

As an important promising biomarker, high frequency oscillations (HFOs) can be used to track epileptic activity and localize epileptogenic zones. However, visual marking of HFOs from a large amount of intracranial electroencephalogram (iEEG) data requires a great deal of time and effort from researchers, and is also very dependent on visual features and easily influenced by subjective factors. Therefore, we proposed an automatic epileptic HFO detection method based on visual features and non-intuitive multi-domain features. To eliminate the interference of continuous oscillatory activity in detected sporadic short HFO events, the iEEG signals adjacent to the detected events were set as the neighboring environmental range while the number of oscillations and the peak-valley differences were calculated as the environmental reference features. The proposed method was developed as a MatLab-based HFO detector to automatically detect HFOs in multi-channel, long-distance iEEG signals. The performance of our detector was evaluated on iEEG recordings from epileptic mice and patients with intractable epilepsy. More than 90% of the HFO events detected by this method were confirmed by experts, while the average missed-detection rate was < 10%. Compared with recent related research, the proposed method achieved a synchronous improvement of sensitivity and specificity, and a balance between low false-alarm rate and high detection rate. Detection results demonstrated that the proposed method performs well in sensitivity, specificity, and precision. As an auxiliary tool, our detector can greatly improve the efficiency of clinical experts in inspecting HFO events during the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy.

18.
Plant Signal Behav ; : 1901448, 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33779489

RESUMO

Plant flowering is crucial for the onset and progression of reproduction processes. The control of flowering time is a sophisticated system with multiple known regulatory mechanisms in plants. Here, we show that MYB117 participates in the flowering time regulation in Arabidopsis as myb117 mutants exhibited early flowering phenotypes under long-day condition. Transcriptome analysis of myb117 mutants revealed 410 differentially expressed genes between wild type and myb117-1 mutants, where selective genes including the Flowering Locus T (FT) were further confirmed by qRT-PCR analysis. Further, in vivo dual-luciferase and chromatin immunoprecipitation quantitative PCR (ChIP-qPCR) assays showed that MYB117 directly binds to the promoter of FT to suppress its expression. Taken together, we have revealed the transcriptome profile of myb117 mutants and identified MYB117 as a negative regulator in controlling flowering time through regulating the expression of FT in Arabidopsis.

19.
Curr Eye Res ; : 1-8, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645355

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of myelinated retinal nerve fibre (MRNF) in a large teleophthalmology system.Methods: All records between January 2015 and December 2015 from Daheng Prust teleophthalmology system were reviewed by 2 ophthalmologists independently. MRNF was classified into continuous group and discontinuous group according to the relationship between MRNF patches and optic disc. The number, total area and location of MRNF patches were analysed. Concomitant ocular diseases were documented.Results: Out of 51469 subjects, MRNF was detected in 304 eyes of 263 subjects with a prevalence rate of 0.51 ± 7.1% per subject and 0.30 ± 5.4% per eye. Among 304 eyes with MRNF, 239 (78.6%) eyes were in continuous group and 65 (21.4%) eyes were in discontinuous group. Single MRNF patch was found in 249 (81.9%) eyes and multiple MRNF patches were found in 55 (18.1%) eyes. MRNF of small size was found in 150 (49.3%) eyes. The ratios of multiple MRNF patches and small-sized MRNF in the continuous group were significantly higher than those in the discontinuous group (P = .014 and P < .001). In continuous group, the MRNF patches were located most frequently in the superior region (68.6%) of the optic disc; In discontinuous group, the MRNF patches were located most frequently in the inferotemporal region (38.5%) of the retina. Epiretinal membrane (12 eyes, 3.9%) was the most common concomitant ocular disease.Conclusion: MRNF is uncommon in China. MRNF usually presents unilaterally and as a single small whitish patch that is connected with optic disc.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) immunohistochemistry score has been approved as the predictive biomarker for anti-PD1/PD-L1 therapy in several advanced malignancies. Although its predictive role remained inconclusive in hepatocellular carcinoma, ongoing study of anti-PD1/PD-L1 therapy showed promising results. However, less is known about the PD-L1 immunohistochemistry score and factors correlated with it in hepatocellular carcinoma. We investigated PD-L1 immunohistochemistry scores in a large cohort of hepatocellular carcinoma, as well as its correlation with various clinical and genomic factors. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was performed to detect the expression of PD-L1 protein in 315 hepatocellular carcinoma tissues. All slides were independently reviewed by three senior pathologists. Next-generation YS panel (450 genes) sequencing was performed on 309 patients. RESULTS: Higher PD-L1 expression as measured by combined positive score (CPS) was associated with increased Edmondson-Steiner grade (grade III vs II, P = 0.041) and TP53 mutations (P = 0.021). PD-L1 CPS had no correlation with tumor mutational burden (Spearman's correlation coefficient 0.067). PD-L1 CPS was not significantly associated with hepatitis B virus infection. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicated that patients with higher Edmondson-Steiner grade (grade III) had significantly higher PD-L1 CPS than patients with lower Edmondson-Steiner grade (grade II). Patients with TP53 mutations had significantly higher PD-L1 expression.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...