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1.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 881-885, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047723

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate nutritional knowledge, attitudes and dietary behaviors of teachers and students in a medical college in Beijing and their influencine factors, and to provide evidence for nutrition education and promotion. METHODS: The subjects of this study were teachers, as well as first-year and second-year graduate students, and first-year to third-year undergraduate students. The teachers and students were respectively sampled by stratified cluster sampling with equal proportion. t-test or ANOVA was used to compare the means between the groups, and multiple linear regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) score. RESULTS: The average score of nutrition knowledge was 5.7±1.5. The knowledge rate of nutrition was 57.3%. The average score of nutritional attitudes was 8.3±3.0. The mean nutritional behavior score was 5.1±2.0. The average nutritional KAP score was 19.1±4.6, with the teachers 19.9±5.2 higher than the students 18.9±4.5; the female 19.5±4.5 higher than the male 18.4±4.5; All the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The scores of nutritional attitudes, nutritional behavior and total KAP scores of doctoral students were significantly higher than those of the undergraduate and postgraduate students (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The nutrition attitudes of teachers and students is relatively correct, the nutrition knowledge needs to be further strengthened, and there are some unreasonable aspects in the nutrition behaviors. Gender, identity and degree are the main influencing factors of the nutrition score of knowledge, attitudes and behaviors. It is necessary to carry out nutritional education in schools to improve the nutrition knowledge of teachers and students, correct bad eating habits, and promote the construction of healthy China action.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudantes , China , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 959-963, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047737

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To improve the methods to synthesize and purify of optical-magnetic bimodal molecular probe of Gd-[4, 7-Bis-carboxymethyl-10-(2-fluorescein thioureaethyl)-1, 4, 7, 10-tetraaza-cyclododec-1-yl]-acetic acid complexes. METHODS: Target compound (7), optical-magnetic bimodal molecular molecular probe, was synthesized by the use of 1, 4, 7, 10-tetraazacyclododecane (1) as starting material via substitution reaction, hydrolysis reaction, coupling reaction and complexation reaction with metal. RESULTS: The synthetic route of Gd-[4, 7-Bis-carboxymethyl-10-(2-fluoresceinthioureaethyl)-1, 4, 7, 10-tetraaza-cyclododec-1-yl]-acetic acid complexes was improved. The optical-magnetic bimodal molecular probes were synthesized by substitution reaction, hydrolysis reaction, coupling reaction and complex reaction with metal respectively. For the improved route, the total yield could reach 34.6% which was higher than the original route (18.0%). The structures of those compounds were identified by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance, 13C nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass spectrometry. The improved route could avoid the uncontrollable disadvantage of the substitution reaction, this process could reduce the formation of impurities and made the purification process easier, and in the aspect of purification and separation, the preparative high-performance liquid chromatography with less sample loading and high cost was improved to a column chromatography with many sample loads and being easy to operate. Therefore, the use of column chromatography could be more conducive to mass production of the optical-magnetic bimodal molecular molecular probe. CONCLUSION: The improved synthetic route improves the controllability of the reaction conditions and makes it easier to purify and separate the compounds. At the same time, the improved synthetic route can increase the total yield significantly. The optical-magnetic bimodal molecular probe can combine the living magnetic resonance imaging with the in vitro optical imaging to realize the dual synchronous detection of magneto-optics, so that the detection results of the living magnetic resonance imaging and the in vitro optical imaging are mutually verified. In other words, this synthetic optical-magnetic bimodal molecular probe will make the experimental results more accurate and reliable. In subsequent biological experimental studies, the optical-magnetic bimodal molecular probe can be applied to related research of brain structure and function, and the probe can be used for the brain-related diseases researches, such as brain tumors. after intravenous administration, and thus the optical-magnetic bimodal molecular probe can play an important role in medical treatment of brain tumors and cerebrovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Ácido Acético , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Encéfalo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Sondas Moleculares
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032859

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has altered and reshaped the delivery of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) over the past few months. As the USA gradually lifts restrictions and re-opens, surgeons must adjust accordingly. Therefore, the OMS Resurgence Conference: Safely Resuming Practice with a New Normal was organized for 11 May 2020 to gather and disseminate expert opinions and recommendations for OMSs to thoughtfully resume work with efficiency and safety. This manuscript offers a summary of the highlights from the conference discussion.

4.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876925

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We compared demographic and clinic-pathological variables related to the number of surgeries for thyroid conditions or for cancer, morbidity, and fine needle aspiration (FNA) practices among Covid19 pandemic phases I, II, III and the same seasonal periods in 2019. METHODS: The prospective database of the Division of Thyroid Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China was used for this study. Covid19 emergency levels were stratified according to the World Health Organization: phase I (January 25-February 25, 2020), phase II (February 26-March 19), phase III (March 20-April 20). RESULTS: There were fewer outpatient FNAs and surgeries in 2020 than in 2019. There were no thyroid surgeries during phase I. There were also fewer surgeries for cancer with a significant reduction of advanced stage cancer treatments, mainly stage T1b N1a in phase II and T3bN1b in phase III. Operative times and postoperative stays were significantly shorter during the pandemic compared to our institutional baseline. In phase III, vocal cord paralysis (VCP) increased to 4.3% of our baseline numbers (P = 0.001). There were no cases of Covid19-related complications during the perioperative period. No patients required re-admission to the hospital. CONCLUSION: The Covid19 outbreak reduced thyroid surgery patient volumes. The decrease of Covid19 emergency plans contributed to unexpected outcomes (reduction of early stage cancer treatment, decreased operative times and hospital stays, increased VCP rate).

5.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(33): 2586-2590, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892603

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the clinical effects of CT-guided chemical destructive block of lumbar sympathetic nerve in the treatment of cold sensation of limbs. Methods: In this retrospective analysis, clinical data of 43 patients with cold sensation of limbs treated by lumbar sympathetic chemical destructive block in the Affiliated Hospital of Jiaxing University from January 2015 to January 2018 were collected. The changes of heart rate, non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP), oxygen saturation (SpO(2)), plantar temperature and peripheral perfusion index (PI) of patients were recorded and analyzed before treatment and 5 min after injection of anhydrous ethanol. The patients were followed up at postoperative 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year and 2 years. Results: Fourty-three patients underwent bilateral lumbar sympathetic nerve chemical destructive block under the CT-guided, and all patients were punctured to the target successfully. The PI of patients before and after treatment were 1.2±0.6, 7.2±3.0 respectively, which was significantly increased after treatment compared with before treatment, and the difference was statistically significant (t=12.386, P<0.05). The plantar temperature of patients before and after treatment respectively were (29.6±1.7)℃, (34.6±1.1)℃, which was significantly increased after treatment compared with before treatment, and the difference was statistically significant (t=15.057, P<0.05). There were no significant differences in heart rate, NIBP and SpO(2) between before and after treatment (all P>0.05). Lumbar sympathetic chemical destructive block was clinically effective in 39 patients (90.7%) and ineffective in 4 patients (9.3%). Among the 39 clinically effective patients, the curative effects were excellent in 29 cases and improved in 10 cases. Postoperative recurrence occurred in 10 cases (25.6%). The satisfaction rates of patients at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year and 2 years after operation were 93.0%, 90.7%, 86.0%, 76.7%, 69.7%, 65.1% and 53.4%, respectively. Conclusion: Lumbar sympathetic chemical destructive block is a safe and effective way for the treatment of cold sensation of limbs, which can improve the symptoms of cold sensation of limbs to some extent.


Assuntos
Bloqueio Nervoso Autônomo , Humanos , Região Lombossacral , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensação , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 34(4): 1285-1296, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894933

RESUMO

It has been reported that micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-424 is an important molecule in cerebral ischemia. However, the precise mechanism of action and biological effects of miR-424 remain to be further explored. miR-424 mimic and miR-424 inhibitor were injected via the caudal vein in rats, and the effect of miR-424 expression on brain tissue damage induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was detected. The miR-424 mimic-induced changes in genomic levels were detected via the gene chip assay, and the signaling pathways regulated by miR-424 and its potential targets were explored combined with target prediction. Then the effect of miR-424 mimic on apoptosis of PC12 cells induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) was determined using Annexin V/PI assay. Finally, drosophila mothers against decapentaplegic protein 7 (Smad7) was overexpressed to further verify the mechanism of action of miR-424 mimic. Compared with that in the sham group, the expression of miR-424 in brain tissues significantly declined in the model group. The results of 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay revealed that the miR-424 mimic obviously reduced the cerebral infarction area and apoptosis level of brain tissues, while the miR-424 inhibitor obviously increased the cerebral infarction area and apoptosis level of brain tissues. It was found, using bioinformatics and KEGG enrichment analysis, that differentially expressed genes induced by miR-424 were significantly enriched in the transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) signaling pathway. According to the results of reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting, the miR-424 mimic could evidently lower the expression of Smad7, thus activating the TGF-ß1/Smad3 signaling pathway. Overexpression of Smad7 could weaken the protective effect of miR-424 mimic on ischemic-hypoxic cells. Increasing the expression of miR-424 can inhibit Smad7 to activate the TGF-ß1/Smad3 signaling pathway, thereby exerting a protective effect against the brain tissue damage induced by MCAO.

7.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(9): 784-790, 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894913

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of interventional bronchoscopy for the treatment of scarring airway stenosis and to analyze the influencing factors related to the success rate. Methods: Between January 2013 to December 2016, 301 patients with scarring airway stenosis treated by interventional bronchoscopy in 18 tertiary hospitals were reviewed retrospectively. The methods of interventional bronchoscopy included electric knife cutting, laser cauterization, balloon dilation, cryotherapy, local drug usage and/or stenting. Airway stenosis characteristics and patients' performance status at baseline and after interventional bronchoscopy were recorded. The interval days between the first two interventional bronchoscopy treatment (maintained patency time) and the final treatment efficacy were recorded. Results: The clinical stability rate of interventional bronchoscopy for the treatment of scarring tracheal stenosis was 67.8% (204/301) . Stenosis sites (OR 1.548; 95% CI: 1.038-2.307, P=0.032) , dyspnea index (OR 2.140; 95% CI: 1.604-2.855, P<0.001) , and interventional method (OR 0.458; 95% CI: 0.267-0.787, P=0.005) were independent predictors associated with the efficacy of interventional bronchoscopy treatment. Stenosis sites (OR 1.508; 95% CI: 1.273-1.787, P<0.001) , stenosis grade (OR 1.581; 95% CI: 1.029-2.067, P=0.001) , anesthesia method (OR 1.581; 95% CI: 1.029-2.067, P<0.001) , and local drug usage (OR 1.304; 95% CI: 1.135-1.497, P<0.001) were independent predictors associated with the maintained patency time after first interventional bronchoscopy treatment. Conclusion: Interventional bronchoscopy is a useful treatment method for scarring airway stenosis. Enough attention should be paid to influencing factors in order to improve treatment efficacy during the treatment process.


Assuntos
Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias , Broncoscopia , China , Cicatriz , Constrição Patológica , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(9): 1026-1030, 2020 Sep 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907296

RESUMO

Based on the practical application, this paper introduced the basic calculation conditions, methods and epidemiological significance of incubation period. The real data were used for calculations of the incubation period by lognormal, gamma, Weibull and Erlang distribution methods. Both of the complete and incomplete observation data were demonstrated.

9.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(8): 682-686, 2020 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867462

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the safety and short-term efficacy of breast-conserving surgery combined with intraoperative radiotherapy for early-stage breast cancer. Methods: A total of 101 consecutive patients who received breast-conserving surgery plus intraoperative radiotherapy were recruited to summarize the recent follow-up results and clinicopathological data. Univariate analysis and Logistic regression model were used to evaluate the factors affecting the postoperative adverse reactions and cosmetic effects. Results: Among 101 patients, 4 patients had recurrence or metastasis. The 3-years disease free survival rate was 94.9%, and the 3-years cumulative recurrence rate was 5.1%. Univariate analysis showed that the menstrual status and postoperative whole breast radiotherapy were associated with the postoperative adverse reactions (P<0.05). The T stage and applicator diameter were associated with the cosmetic effect (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis indicated that the diameter of the applicator (OR=3.701, P=0.026) and postoperative whole breast radiotherapy (OR=5.962, P=0.005) were independent factors for the postoperative adverse reactions, and the diameter of the applicator (OR=2.522, P=0.037) was an independent factor for the cosmetic effect. Conclusion: Breast-conserving surgery combined with intraoperative radiotherapy shows safety and good short-term efficacy in low-risk early-stage breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Mastectomia Segmentar , Radioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(10): 1036-1040, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32992419

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the expression status and diagnostic value of SRY related high mobility group box 11 (SOX-11) and transcription factor E-3 (TFE3) in solid pseudopapillary tumors of pancreas (SPTPs). Methods: Thirty-eight cases of SPTPs, 36 cases of well-differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) and six cases of pancreatic acinar cell carcinomas (PACCs) were collected at the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from 2012 to 2019. The expression of SOX-11, TFE3 and ß-catenin was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the TFE3 gene status was detected by FISH in 18 cases of SPTPs. Results: Among the 38 SPTP patients, 29 were female and 9 were male, with a mean age of 50 years; among 36 PanNET patients, 32 were female and 4 were male, with a mean age of 39 years; for the six PACC patients, four were male and two were female, with a mean age of 60 years. ß-catenin was positive in all 38 SPTPs, but was negative in all 36 PanNETs and 5/6 PACCs. SOX-11 was positive in 35/38 (92.1%) of SPTPs, but was negative in all 36 PanNETs and 6 PACCs. TFE3 was positive in 36/38 (94.7%) of SPTPs, but was negative in all 36 PanNETs and 6 PACCs. Among these three tumors, the specificity and sensitivity of ß-catenin were 97.6% and 100.0%, the specificity and sensitivity of SOX-11 were 92.1% and 100.0%, the specificity and sensitivity of TFE3 were 94.7% and 100.0%, respectively. There was a significant difference of the expression status of all three markers in SPTPs compared with PanNETs and PACCs (P<0.01). The results of SOX-11 and TFE3 immunostaining showed high consistency (Kappa>0.6). No gene rearrangement (0/18) of TFE3 was found in SPTPs. Conclusion: SOX-11 and TFE3 are highly expressed in SPTPs, and their specificity in the differential diagnosis of SPTPs is better than that of ß-catenin.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Acinares , Adulto , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pâncreas , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/metabolismo
13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(14): 7567, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32744672

RESUMO

Since this article has been suspected of research misconduct and the corresponding authors did not respond to our request to prove originality of data and figures, "Over-expression of DJ-1 attenuates effects of curcumin on colorectal cancer cell proliferation and apoptosis, by H. Shang, T. Wang, F. Shang, M. Li, Y. Luo, K.-M. Huang, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (7): 3080-3087-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201904_17591-PMID: 31002157" has been withdrawn. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/17591.

14.
Poult Sci ; 99(8): 3807-3816, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731966

RESUMO

Our long-term goal is to improve chick health and reduce the use of antibiotics in the poultry industry via maternal effects. To link jejunal microbes with chicks' different immune levels and growth performance in our previous research, this study investigated jejunal microbes, jejunal inflammation, and immune responses based on a comparison between different groups. Newly hatched Hy-Line chicks were allotted into 3 groups: a chick control group (cCON), a ciprofloxacin lactate treatment group (Cipro)-the chicks of the cCON and Cipro groups were hatched from laying breeder hens given a basal diet-and a 5-wk ß-carotene, curcumin, allicin, and sodium butyrate supplementation group (cCCAB), wherein chicks hatched from laying breeder hens. All groups were fed the same diet for 4 wk; the Cipro group was given ciprofloxacin lactate in drinking water continuously. At the end of the experiment, the results demonstrated that the jejunal microbes of the Cipro group showed significant changes in alpha and beta diversity, and in taxonomy at phylum and genus levels. Statistically, a total of 67 significantly enriched (P < 0.05) taxa were identified between groups by linear discriminant analysis effect size; Firmicutes was significantly enriched (P < 0.05) in the cCCAB group, 65 taxa were significantly enriched (P < 0.05) in the Cipro group, and 32 of the 65 enriched (P < 0.05) taxa were in the Proteobacteria phylum of the Cipro group. Levels of lipopolysaccharide in jejunal content, and nuclear factor kappa-B, and tumor necrosis factor-α in jejunums of the Cipro and cCCAB groups were increased (all P < 0.05) compared to those in the cCON group. There was obvious neutrophil infiltration and upregulated (all P < 0.05) IL-6 mRNA in the Cipro group jejunums compared to the cCON and cCCAB groups. The expression of PSME3 and PSME4 genes was upregulated (all P < 0.05) in the cCCAB group compared to the cCON and Cipro groups. In conclusion, ciprofloxacin lactate administration led to potential hazards in health and growth in chicks via microbial disturbances-induced jejunal inflammation, and laying breeder hens dietary supplementation with ß-carotene, curcumin, allicin, and sodium butyrate could enhance jejunal immunity of their offspring via the interaction between host innate immunity selected microbial colonization and microbiota educated adaptive immunity.

15.
Phys Rev E ; 102(1-1): 013206, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795027

RESUMO

A high-intensity laser beam propagating through a dense plasma drives a strong current that robustly sustains a strong quasistatic azimuthal magnetic field. The laser field efficiently accelerates electrons in such a field that confines the transverse motion and deflects the electrons in the forward direction. Its advantage is a threshold rather than resonant behavior, accelerating electrons to high energies for sufficiently strong laser-driven currents. We study the electron dynamics via a test-electron model, specifically deriving the corresponding critical current density. We confirm the model's predictions by numerical simulations, indicating energy gains two orders of magnitude higher than achievable without the magnetic field.

16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(30): 2351-2357, 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791810

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of recombinant anti-HER2 humanized monoclonal antibody (Cipterbin) combined with vinorelbine in patients with HER2 positive metastatic breast cancer. Methods: Patients were randomized 2∶1 to test group and control group. Patients in test group received Cipterbin (4 mg/kg loading dose and 2 mg/kg maintenance dose each week, IV) combined with vinorelbine (25 mg/m(2) on days 1,8 and 15 of each 28 days, IV). Patients in control group received vinorelbine (25 mg/m(2) on days 1,8 and 15 of each 28 days, IV).The primary end point was progression free survival (PFS). Results: A total of 315 patients were enrolled from Jan 2009 to Jan 2013 (212 in test group and 103 in control group). The median PFS of test group was significantly longer than that of control group, 39.1 weeks vs 14.0 weeks (HR=0.24; 95%CI, 0.16-0.36; P<0.000 1). The objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) in test group were significantly higher than those in control group, ORR was 46.7% vs 18.45% (P<0.000 1) and DCR was 79.72% vs 45.63% (P<0.000 1). The incidence of neutropenia, leucopenia and erythrocytopenia were higher in both groups, but there was no significant difference between two groups.The most common adverse events associated with Cipterbin were infusion reactions. Left ventricular ejection fraction reduced to less than 50% in 5 patients, which were recovered. No serious cardiotoxicity. Conclusion: The recombinant anti-HER2 humanized monoclonal antibody (Cipterbin) combined with vinorelbine has significant efficacy and good safety. It is the optimized therapy regime for patients with taxane-pretreated HER2 positive metastatic breast cancer, which provides more targeted therapy opportunities for HER2 positive breast cancer patients in China.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Vinorelbina , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , China , Humanos , Metástase Neoplásica , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptor ErbB-2 , Volume Sistólico , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Vimblastina/uso terapêutico , Vinorelbina/uso terapêutico
17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842358

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical significance of endoscopic vidian neurectomy (EVN) on outcomes in patients with coexisting refractory allergic rhinitis (AR) and bronchial asthma, and to analyze its influence factor. Methods: Clinical data of 109 patients with moderate to severe persistent intractable AR and bronchial asthma who were allocated to the bilateral EVN group (surgery group, 70 cases) or conservative medication group (drug group, 39 cases) from 1 May 2008 to 30 April 2013 in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University were retrospectively analyzed, including 47 cases of male and 62 cases of female aged (32.7±6.8) years.Ninety-five patients were followed up for at least 3 years. The Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ), Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ), Total Asthma Symptom Score (TASS), forced expiratory volume in 1 second of predicted (FEV1) and medication scores were evaluated at 6 months, 1 year and 3 years after undergoing the initial treatments in the two groups. Multiple factor analysis was used to determine the factors influencing the improvement after EVN. Results: Postoperative scores of RQLQ were significantly lower than preoperative scores during follow-up in surgery group (the preoperative score and postoperative score at 6 months, 1 year, 3 years after operation was 2.39±0.61 (x±s), 0.81±0.43, 0.89±0.32, 1.06±0.24, respectively, all P<0.001). Postoperative scores of VAS were significantly lower than preoperative scores during follow-up in surgery group (the preoperative score and postoperative score at 6 months, 1 year,3 years after operation was 7.13±1.04, 2.52±1.47, 2.70±1.42, 2.85±1.64, respectively, all P<0.05). Scores of RQLQ and VAS in surgery group were significantly lower than those of drug group. Postoperative scores of AQLQ were significantly higher than preoperative scores during follow-up in surgery group (the preoperative score and postoperative score at 6 months, 1 year, 3 years after operation was 3.78±0.81, 4.99±0.45, 4.75±0.71, 4.62±0.64, respectively, all P<0.05), and were significantly higher than those of drug group. The TASS and FEV1 were not significantly changed in surgery group. The postoperative medication scores for AR were gradually reduced after surgery (the preoperative score and postoperative score at 6 months, 1 year, 3 years after operation was 0.99±0.21, 0.37±0.12, 0.39±0.26, 0.45±0.11, respectively, all P<0.05), and the postoperative medication scores for Asthma were gradually reduced after surgery too (the preoperative score and postoperative score at 6 months, 1 year, 3 years after operation was 1.27±0.31, 0.82±0.29, 0.85±0.23, 0.96±0.19, respectively, all P<0.05), and all the postoperative medication scores were significantly lower than those of drug group. At the end of the follow-up, the improvement rates for AR and asthma were 90.6% (58/64) and 45.3% (29/64), respectively. Asthma outcomes were significantly improved by controlling rhinitis symptoms in patients whose asthma attacks were induced by "rhinitis onset" or "climate change" . Conclusion: For patients with AR and bronchial asthma, EVN can significantly control AR symptoms, and improve asthma outcomes in patients whose asthma attacks are induced by rhinitis onset and/or climate change.

18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842360

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the damage and mechanism of artemisia annua pollen on tight junction of human nasal mucosa epithelial cells (HNEpC). Methods: HNEpC were cultured in vitro. Different concentrations of artemisia annua pollen (0, 20, 40, 80, 100, 160, 200 µg/ml) were used to intervene the cells for 24 h, and the cell proliferation activity was detected by the CCK-8 method. The expression and phosphorylation of p38MAPK signaling pathway were detected by Western Blot before and after the intervention of SB203580, a p38MAPK inhibitor in HNEpC. Immunofluorescence chemical staining, Western Blot and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) were used to observe the expression and distribution of tight junctions Occludin and Claudin-1. SPSS 21.1 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: CCK-8 results showed that, compared with the control group, the proliferation activity of HNEpC increased after 6 h intervention with different concentrations of artemisia annua pollen (all P<0.05). After 12 h of intervention, the proliferation activity of HNEpC in the 20, 40, 80, 100 and 160 µg/ml groups was not significantly changed (all P>0.05), while that in the 200 µg/ml group was decreased (P<0.05). After the intervention for 24 h, the proliferation activity of cells in the 20 and 40 µg/ml groups was not significantly changed (all P>0.05), while that in the 80, 100, 160 and 200 µg/ml groups was decreased (all P<0.05). Immunofluorescence staining showed that the Occludin and Claudin-1 proteins in the normal control group were localized on the cell membrane and expressed more and formed a ring structure around the cell membrane. However, under the intervention of high concentration artemisia annua pollen, its expression level decreased, appeared broken, fuzzy, and nonuniform distribution. Western Blot and qPCR results showed that after 24 h of intervention, the expression levels of HNEpC Claudin-1 protein and its mRNA in the pollen groups (40, 80, 100, 160, 200 µg/ml) of artemisia annua decreased compared with those of those of the control group (mRNA expression levels were 0.567±0.214, 0.443±0.109, 0.462±0.160, 0.497±0.134, 0.388±0.076 compared with 1.001±0.067, respectively, all P<0.05). However, the mRNA of Occludin protein and its mRNA only decreased in the 200 µg/ml treatment group (mRNA expression level was 0.631±0.109 compared with 1.016±0.026, P<0.05), while all the other treatment groups increased (mRNA expression levels were 1.258±0.134, 1.827±0.103, 2.429±0.077, 1.707±0.085, 1.477±0.066 compared with 1.016±0.026, respectively, all P<0.05). Western Blot showed that p-p38MAPK expression increased after intervention with 100, 160, 200 µg/ml artemisia annua pollen for 24 h. SB203580 could inhibit the decreasing expression of Occludin caused by artemisinin pollen (mRNA expression was 1.255±0.179 compared with 0.631±0.109, P<0.05), but had no effect on Claudin-1 protein expression. Conclusion: Pollen from artemisia annua may activate p38MAPK signaling pathway and destroy the close connection of HNEpC.

19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842364

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the potential factors influencing the parathyroid autofluorescence intensity of near-infrared fluorescent (NIRF) and further value of NIRF in identifying the parathyroid during surgery. Methods: The clinical data of 51 patients who underwent thyroid or parathyroid surgery in the Department of Thyroid Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from April to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 16 males and 35 females, aged 18 to 74 years.The fluorescence intensity (FI) of the parathyroid glands, thyroid glands and background, and the number of parathyroid glands detected by NIRF and white light were measured. Variance analysis, two independent samples t test and Spearman rank correlation analysis were used to analyze the relationship between standardized parathyroid FI and clinical variables. Chi square test was used to analyze the difference of parathyroid detection rate between NIRF and white light. Results: In the 51 patients, the mean standardized parathyroid FI was greater than the standardized thyroid FI (1.72 ± 0.68 vs. 1.25 ± 0.40, t=6.555, P<0.001). The standardized parathyroid FI was not associated with gender, age, operation type, BMI, preoperative serum Ca(2+), parathyroid hormone and calcitonin (all P>0.05), but it was associated with disease type (F=2.636, P<0.05). The mean standardized parathyroid FI of SHPT was lower than that of PTC, PTC with nodular goiter or NG(0.70±0.28 vs. 1.86±0.70, 1.69±0.49, 1.64±0.44, t value was 3.023, -1.129,-2.019, respectively, all P<0.05). There was no difference in the standardized parathyroid FI between SHPT and PHPT (1.34±0.18, t=1.218, P>0.05). There was no difference in standardized parathyroid FI between PHPT, PTC, NG, and PTC with NG(all P>0.05). Except for 3 cases of SHPT, 117 parathyroid glands were detected by NIRF and 101 parathyroid glands were detected by white light. The detection rate of parathyroid glands detected by NIRF was higher than that detected by white light (98.32% vs. 84.87%, χ(2)=13.974, P<0.001). In SHPT, the detection rate of parathyroid gland by NIRF was 25.00%. Conclusions: Except SHPT, parathyroid FI is not affected by other clinical variables. NIRF can improve the detection rate of parathyroid glands during operation.

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