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1.
Poult Sci ; 99(6): 3158-3167, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32475452

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of pterostilbene (PT) supplementation on growth performance, hepatic injury, and antioxidant variables in a broiler chicken model with diquat (DQ)-induced oxidative stress. There were 192 one-day-old male Ross 308 broiler chicks randomly allocated to one of two treatment groups: 1) broilers fed a basal diet and 2) broilers fed a diet supplemented with 400 mg/kg PT. At 20 D of age, half of the broilers in each group were intraperitoneally injected with DQ (20 mg per kg BW), whereas the other half were injected with an equivalent amount of sterile saline. Diquat induced a rapid loss of BW (P < 0.001) 24 h post-injection, but dietary PT supplementation improved the BW change of broilers (P = 0.014). Compared with unchallenged controls, the livers of DQ-treated broilers were in severe cellular damage and oxidative stress, with the presence of higher plasma transaminase activities (P < 0.05), a greater number of apoptotic hepatocytes (P < 0.001), and an increased malondialdehyde content (P = 0.007). Pterostilbene supplementation prevented the increases in plasma aspartate aminotransferase activity (P = 0.001), the percentage of hepatocyte apoptosis (P < 0.001), and the hepatic malondialdehyde accumulation (P = 0.011) of the DQ-treated broilers. Regarding the hepatic antioxidant function, PT significantly increased total antioxidant capacity (P = 0.007), superoxide dismutase activity (P = 0.016), reduced glutathione content (P = 0.011), and the ratio of reduced glutathione to oxidized glutathione (P = 0.003), whereas it reduced the concentration of oxidized glutathione (P = 0.017). Pterostilbene also boosted the expression levels of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (P = 0.010), heme oxygenase 1 (P = 0.037), superoxide dismutase 1 (P = 0.014), and the glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit (P = 0.001), irrespective of DQ challenge. In addition, PT alleviated DQ-induced adenosine triphosphate depletion (P = 0.010). In conclusion, PT attenuates DQ-induced hepatic injury and oxidative stress of broilers presumably by restoring hepatic antioxidant function.

2.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234144, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502224

RESUMO

In the problem where there is not enough data to use Deep Learning, Bag-of-Visual-Words (BoVW) is still a good alternative for image classification. In BoVW model, many pooling methods are proposed to incorporate the spatial information of local feature into the image representation vector, but none of the methods devote to making each visual word have its own pooling regions. The practice of designing the same pooling regions for all the words restrains the discriminability of image representation, since the spatial distributions of the local features indexed by different visual words are not same. In this paper, we propose to make each visual word have its own pooling regions, and raise a simple yet effective method for learning pooling region. Concretely, a kind of small window named observation window is used to obtain its responses to each word over the whole image region. The pooling regions of each word are organized by a kind of tree structure, in which each node indicates a pooling region. For each word, its pooling regions are learned by constructing a tree with its labelled coordinate data. The labelled coordinate data consist of the coordinates of responses and image class labels. The effectiveness of our method is validated by observing if there is an obvious classification accuracy improvement after applying our method. Our experimental results on four small datasets (i.e., Scene-15, Caltech-101, Caltech-256 and Corel-10) show that, the classification accuracy is improved by about 1% to 2.5%. We experimentally demonstrate that the practice of making each word have its own pooling regions is beneficial to image classification task, which is the significance of our work.

3.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 63, 2020 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32505216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A steady progress on schistosomiasis control in the Peoples' Republic of China (P.R. China) was achieved and broadened into the twelve-year medium and long term national plan (MLNP) which marled the implementation of an integrated control strategy across all endemic areas in P.R. China in 2004. To understand the endemic trends of schistosomiasis to assess the effectiveness of an integrated strategy, we conducted an analysis of schistosomiasis surveillance data spanned from 2005 to 2015. METHODS: The schistosomiasis sentinel surveillance data from sentinel sites were collected and analyzed from 2005 to 2015. In these sentinel sites, residents aged 6 years or above were screened annually by indirect hemagglutination assay (IHA), while only antibody positives were followed by stool examination either Kato-katz method (KK) and/or hatching technique (HT). Domestic animals raised in sentinel sites were examined by HT for confirming the infection of schistosomes. Snail investigation was conducted each year through systematic sampling method combined with environmental sampling method. The snails collected from field were tested by microscopic dissection method. The infection rates of schistosomes in residents, domestic animals and snails, as well as the indicators reflecting the snails' distribution were calculated and analyzed. ANOVA analysis was used to examine the changes of the number of eggs per gram feces in population and Chi-square test was used to examine any change in proportions among groups. RESULTS: A total of 148 902 residents from sentinel sites attended this study and 631 676 blood samples were examined by IHA test during the 11 covered years. The annual average antibody positive rates presented a significant decrease trends, from 17.48% (95% CI: 17.20-17.75%) in 2005 to 5.93% (95% CI: 5.71-6.15%) (χ2 = 8890.47, P < 0.001) in 2015. During 2005-2015, the average infection rate of schistosomes in residents declined from 2.07% (95% CI: 1.96-2.17%) to 0.13% (95% CI: 0.09-0.16%), accompanied by significant decrease of infection intensity in population. In 2015, the stool positives were only found in farmers, fishermen and boatmen with infection rate of 0.16% (95% CI: 0.11-0.20%), 0.17% (95% CI: 0-0.50%) respectively. The infection rate of schistosomes in domestic animals dropped from 9.42% (538/5711, 95% CI: 8.66-10.18%) to 0.08% (2/2360, 95% CI: 0-0.20%) from 2005 to 2015. Infections were found in eight species of domestic animals at the beginning of surveillance while only two cattle were infected in 2015. Totally 98 ha of new snail habitats were found, while 94.90% (93/98) distributed in lake and marshland regions. The percentage of frames with snails decreased from 16.96% (56 884/33 5391, 95% CI: 16.83-17.09%) in 2005 to 4.28% (18 121/423 755, 95% CI: 4.22-4.34%) in 2014, with a slightly increase in 2015. Meanwhile, the infection rate of schistosomes in snails was decreased from 0.26% (663/256 531, 95% CI: 0.24-0.28%) to zero during 2005-2015. CONCLUSIONS: The infection rate of schistosomes declined significantly, providing evidence that the goal of the MLNP was achieved. Elimination of schistosomiasis as a public health problem defined as WHO was also reached in P.R. China nationwide. Surveillance-response system should be improved and strengthened to realize the final goal of schistosomiasis elimination.

5.
Injury ; 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32527503

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pauwels type-3 femoral neck fractures are challenging injuries to manage with high rates of complications after internal fixation and no consensus has been reached regarding the optimal fixation construct. The current study aims to evaluate the effect of dynamic limited axial compression in parallel screws combined with medial buttress plate (SMBP) or lateral compression plate (LCP) fixation of Pauwels type-3 femoral neck fractures. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 51 cases of Pauwels type-3 femoral neck fractures who were fixed by SMBP or LCP. Specifically, the screw fixing the femoral head in the buttress plate was omitted. Postoperative complications and functional outcomes were mainly studied. RESULTS: With a mean follow-up of 19.9 months, the rate of neck shortening was higher in the LCP group than that in SMBP group (32.1% vs. 8.7%, p = 0.04). Neither nonunion nor avascular necrosis was observed in both groups. Good-to-excellent Harris hip score accounts for 95.2% in SMBP group and 89.3% in LCP group (p = 0.40). Moreover, older age, fracture comminution and compression plate fixation predispose to neck shortening. CONCLUSION: Dynamic limited axial compression by SMBP or LCP fixation was effective to improve the functional outcome of patients with Pauwels type-3 femoral neck fractures.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(7): 1526-1530, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489030

RESUMO

The analysis and utilization of clinical scientific research data is an effective means to promote the progress of diagnosis and treatment, and a key step in the development of medical sciences. During the epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), how to transform the limited diagnostic data into clinical research resources has attracted much attention. Based on the low efficiency of data collection and extraction, the inconsistency of data analysis, the irregularity of data report and the high timeliness of data update during the epidemic, this paper briefly analyzed the background and reasons of data application under the current situation, and then discusses the problems and feasible solutions of clinical data applications under the epidemic situation and, more importantly, for future medical clinical research methods. We put forward several methodological suggestions: ① gradually improve the medical big data model and establish the national medical health data center; ② improve the scientific research literacy of medical staff and popularize the basic skills and knowledge of GCP; ③ promote a scientific, networked and shared data collection and management mode; ④ use the mixed research method and collective analysis to improve the efficiency of clinical data analysis; ⑤ pay attention to narration of the medical feelings and emphasize the humanistic data of clinical medicine. It is expected to promote the standardized and reasonable use of clinical scientific research data, the rigorous integration of expert opinions, and ultimately the development of big data for national health care.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(7): 1531-1535, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489031

RESUMO

It is an essential task to discuss the death cases for clinicians. During the emergent public events, the report and analysis of death cases is of far-reaching significance. The epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) has brought huge losses to China, and the medical system has been sustaining tremendous pressure. The best weapon to defeat the epidemic is medical data and related scientific research, of which the systematic analysis and efficient use of death cases is a key step. Based on the incomplete record of death case report, the lack of humanistic perspective and patient report, every department and institution is facing great challenge in terms of data management. Given that the relevant systems need to be improved, and that the integration of standardized reports and clinical research is not mature,as well as other problems, we put forward several methodological suggestions: ① Establish national medical and health data center and improve relevant laws and regulations. ② Increase investment in medical data management and start data collection and analysis as early as possible during the epidemic. ③ Refine the content of death case report and promote the standardization of report. ④ Pay close attention to the report of death cases, review, summary and analysis. More importantly, we should continue to build and improve platforms and programs related to disease control, carry out epidemic-associated scientific research, enhance the managing efficiency of public health data, elevate the anti-risk capability of our medical system, and promote the steady progress of the health China strategy.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Humanos
9.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(6): e1008538, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32544190

RESUMO

Zika virus (ZIKV) infects pregnant women and causes devastating congenital zika syndrome (CZS). How the virus is vertically transmitted to the fetus and induces neuronal loss remains unclear. We previously reported that Pellino (Peli)1, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, promotes p38MAPK activation in microglia and induction of lethal encephalitis by facilitating the replication of West Nile virus (WNV), a closely related flavivirus. Here, we found that Peli1 expression was induced on ZIKV-infected human monocytic cells, peripheral blood mononuclear cells, human first-trimester placental trophoblasts, and neural stem cell (hNSC)s. Peli1 mediates ZIKV cell attachment, entry and viral translation and its expression is confined to the endoplasmic reticulum. Moreover, Peli1 mediated inflammatory cytokine and chemokine responses and induced cell death in placental trophoblasts and hNSCs. ZIKV-infected pregnant mice lacking Peli1 signaling had reduced placental inflammation and tissue damage, which resulted in attenuated congenital abnormalities. Smaducin-6, a membrane-tethered Smad6-derived peptide, blocked Peli1-mediated NF-κB activation but did not have direct effects on ZIKV infection. Smaducin-6 reduced inflammatory responses and cell death in placental trophoblasts and hNSCs, and diminished placental inflammation and damage, leading to attenuated congenital malformations in mice. Collectively, our results reveal a novel role of Peli1 in flavivirus pathogenesis and suggest that Peli1 promotes ZIKV vertical transmission and neuronal loss by mediating inflammatory cytokine responses and induction of cell death. Our results also identify Smaducin-6 as a potential therapeutic candidate for treatment of CZS.

10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2717, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32483112

RESUMO

Somatic inactivating mutations of ARID1A, a SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling gene, are prevalent in human endometrium-related malignancies. To elucidate the mechanisms underlying how ARID1A deleterious mutation contributes to tumorigenesis, we establish genetically engineered murine models with Arid1a and/or Pten conditional deletion in the endometrium. Transcriptomic analyses on endometrial cancers and precursors derived from these mouse models show a close resemblance to human uterine endometrioid carcinomas. We identify transcriptional networks that are controlled by Arid1a and have an impact on endometrial tumor development. To verify findings from the murine models, we analyze ARID1AWT and ARID1AKO human endometrial epithelial cells. Using a system biology approach and functional studies, we demonstrate that ARID1A-deficiency lead to loss of TGF-ß tumor suppressive function and that inactivation of ARID1A/TGF-ß axis promotes migration and invasion of PTEN-deleted endometrial tumor cells. These findings provide molecular insights into how ARID1A inactivation accelerates endometrial tumor progression and dissemination, the major causes of cancer mortality.

11.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; : e2000105, 2020 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32529694

RESUMO

SCOPE: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is widely recognized as a critical factor linked to lipid metabolic disorders in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. However, its pathogenesis remains elusive, and therapeutic options are limited. This study investigates the potential of resveratrol (RSV) to alleviate hepatic steatosis and injury in a tunicamycin (TM)-induced murine ER stress model and provides detailed evidence. METHODS AND RESULTS: Male C57BL/6J mice were orally administered either RSV or vehicle for 2 weeks before the TM challenge. Results indicated that TM induced ER morphological damage and severe unfolded protein reaction (UPR), accompanied by increases in lipid accumulation, oxidative damage, and inflammatory response. Administering RSV decreased the expression of ER stress markers, partially normalized the active levels of UPR sensors, and facilitated sirtuin 1 activity in the liver under ER stress. Notably, the TM-induced hepatic steatosis was also alleviated by RSV, possibly by regulating the expression pattern of genes involving lipid oxidation and delivery. Consistently, RSV attenuated the TM-induced increases in lipid peroxidation, hepatocyte apoptosis, and the overactivation of inflammatory signals. CONCLUSION: RSV may have an auxiliary therapeutic potential to prevent the development of steatosis and its progression to steatohepatitis in the liver by alleviating severe ER stress.

12.
Reprod Health ; 17(1): 93, 2020 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32527333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been reported that lifestyle factors may affect birth weight; however, few studies have explored the association between lifestyle factors and low birth weight in preterm and term births in China. The objective of this study was to explore the effect of lifestyle on low birth weight in preterm and term births. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted in fourteen hospitals in Jiangmen, Guangdong Province. Data were collected from August 2015 to May 2016 using a standard questionnaire. Data were analysed using logistic regression. RESULTS: Women who delivered preterm and were physically active (1-3 times per week and ≥ 4 times per week) had reduced odds of having low birth weight babies (aOR = 0.584, 95%CI = 0.394-0.867 and, aOR = 0.516, 95%CI = 0.355-0.752, respectively). Pregnant women who had insufficient gestational weight gain had increased odds of having low birth weight babies (aOR = 2.272, 95%CI = 1.626-3.176). Women exposed to passive smoking had an increased risk of delivering low birth weight infants (aOR = 1.404, 95%CI = 1.057-1.864). Insufficient gestational weight gain and excessive gestational weight gain were both significantly associated with low birth weight (aOR = 1.484, 95%CI = 1.103-1.998 and aOR = 0.369, 95%CI = 0.236-0.577, respectively) for term deliveries. In addition, parity, history of low birth weight, antenatal care and gestational hypertension were significantly associated with the likelihood of low birth weight. CONCLUSION: Pregnant women without exercise contraindications should remain physically active. Pregnant women should be aware of the negative effects of smoke and be aware of strategies to protect themselves from passive smoke exposure. Hospitals should inform pregnant women of the importance appropriate gestational weight gain. These recommendations should be put into practice to decrease the prevalence of low birth weight infants.

13.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2020: 4858975, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32566083

RESUMO

Skeletal muscle mitochondrial malfunction of offspring induced by intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) may be a contributor to growth restriction and metabolic disorder at various periods of life. This study explored the effects of IUGR and resveratrol (RSV) on mitochondrial function and redox status in the longissimus dorsi muscle (LM) of piglets during the sucking period. A total of 36 pairs of IUGR and normal birth weight male piglets were orally fed with either 80 mg RSV/kg body weight/d or 0.5% carboxymethylcellulose sodium during days 7-21 after birth. The results showed that RSV treatment improved anomalous mitochondrial morphology, increased adenosine triphosphate and glycogen contents, and enhanced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide/reduced form of nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide ratio in the LM of IUGR piglets. Moreover, the IUGR-induced increased malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl concentrations, abnormal mtDNA number, and suppressed genes expression of mitochondrial biogenesis such as nuclear respiratory factor 1, estrogen-related receptor alpha, and polymerase gamma in the LM were restored to some extent by RSV treatment. Additionally, RSV increased mitochondrial complex V activity in the LM of piglets. Collectively, RSV administration alleviated the LM mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative damage of IUGR piglets.

14.
ISME J ; 2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32572143

RESUMO

Insect symbionts are widespread in nature and lateral gene transfer is prevalent in insect symbiosis. However, the function of horizontally transferred genes (HTGs) in insect symbiosis remains speculative, including the mechanism that enables insects to feed on plant phloem deficient in B vitamins. Previously, we found there is redundancy in biotin synthesis pathways from both whitefly Bemisia tabaci and symbiotic Hamiltonella due to the presence of whitefly HTGs. Here, we demonstrate that elimination of Hamiltonella decreased biotin levels but elevated the expression of horizontally transferred biotin genes in whiteflies. HTGs proteins exhibit specific expression patterns in specialized insect cells called bacteriocytes housing symbionts. Complementation with whitefly HTGs rescued E. coli biotin gene knockout mutants. Furthermore, silencing whitefly HTGs in Hamiltonella-infected whiteflies reduced biotin levels and hindered adult survival and fecundity, which was partially rescued by biotin supplementation. Each of horizontally transferred biotin genes are conserved in various laboratory cultures and species of whiteflies with geographically diverse distributions, which shares an evolutionary origin. We provide the first experimental evidence that biotin synthesized through acquired HTGs is important in whiteflies and may be as well in other animals. Our findings suggest that B vitamin provisioning in animal-microbe symbiosis frequently evolved from bacterial symbionts to animal hosts through horizontal gene transfer events. This study will also shed light on how the animal genomes evolve through functional transfer of genes with bacterial origin in the wider contexts of microbial ecology.

15.
Elife ; 92020 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579113

RESUMO

Adaptive action selection during stimulus categorization is an important feature of flexible behavior. To examine neural mechanism underlying this process, we trained mice to categorize the spatial frequencies of visual stimuli according to a boundary that changed between blocks of trials in a session. Using a model with a dynamic decision criterion, we found that sensory history was important for adaptive action selection after the switch of boundary. Bilateral inactivation of the secondary motor cortex (M2) impaired adaptive action selection by reducing the behavioral influence of sensory history. Electrophysiological recordings showed that M2 neurons carried more information about upcoming choice and previous sensory stimuli when sensorimotor association was being remapped than when it was stable. Thus, M2 causally contributes to flexible action selection during stimulus categorization, with the representations of upcoming choice and sensory history regulated by the demand to remap stimulus-action association.

16.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 990, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32576159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Today,. most people use the Internet to seek online health-related information from general public health-related websites and discussion groups. However, there are no Internet-based analyses of health information needs pertaining to diabetes in China until now. With the development of artificial intelligence,we can analyzed these online health-related information and provide references for health providers to improve their health service. METHODS: We have done a study of statistically analyzing the questions about diabetes collected from 39 health website, the number of which is 151,589. We have divided these questions into 9 categories using a convolutional neural network. RESULTS: The diabetes problems of consumer are presented as follows, diagnosis: 34.95%, treatment: 25.17%, lifestyle: 21.09%, complication: 8.00%, maternity-related:5.00%, prognosis: 2.59%, health provider choosing: 1.40%, prevention: 1.23%, others: 0.58%, The elderly are more concerned about the treatment and complications of diabetes, while the young are more concerned about the maternity-related and prognosis of diabetes. The diabetes drugs most frequently mentioned by consumers are insulin, metformin and Xiaoke pills, The most concerned complication is caidiovascular disease and diabetic eye disease. CONCLUSION: Diabetes health education should focus on how to prevent diabetes and the contents of health education should be different for differernt age groups;on diabetes treatment, the use of insulin and oral hypoglycemic drugs education should be strengthened.

17.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564228

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to construct an expression vector mediated by the dual promoter that can simultaneously drive the recombinant protein production in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. The prokaryotic T7 promoter and ribosome binding site (RBS) was cloned downstream of CMV promoter in the eukaryotic expression vector pIRES-neo, and T7 termination sequence was inserted upstream of neomycin phosphotransferase gene to generate the dual promoter vector. The enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) gene was used as reporter gene. Then, the resultant vector was transfected into Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and transformed into Escherichia coli (E. coli) BL21, and the eGFP expression levels were analyzed by fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry and Western blot, respectively. Fluorescence microscopy revealed that the eGFP was expressed in both CHO cells and E. coli BL21. Flow cytometry showed that the eGFP expression level had no significant difference between the dual promoter vector and control vector in transfected CHO cells. Western blot analysis indicated the eGFP expressed in transformed E. coli. In conclusion, a prokaryotic-eukaryotic double expression vector was successfully constructed, which has potential applications in rapid cloning and expression of recombinant proteins in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic expression systems.

18.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 177, 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32408885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: What is the right surface for an implant to achieve biological fixation? Surface technologies can play important roles in encouraging interactions between the implant surface and the host bone to achieve osseointegration. Preclinical animal models provide important insight into in vivo performance related to bone ongrowth and implant fixation. METHODS: A large animal model was used to compare the in vivo response of HA and plasma-sprayed titanium coatings in a well-reported adult ovine model to evaluate bone ongrowth in terms of mechanical properties in cortical sites, and histology and histomorphometry in cortical and cancellous sites at 4 and 12 weeks. RESULTS: Titanium plasma-sprayed surfaces outperformed the HA-coated samples in push-out testing in cortical sites while both surfaces supported new bone ongrowth and remodeling in cortical and cancellous sites. CONCLUSIONS: While both HA and Ti plasma provided an osteoconductive surface for bone ongrowth, the Ti plasma provided a more robust bone-implant interface that ideally would be required for load transfer and implant stability in the longer term.

19.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(5): 407-11, 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447857

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture plus hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) on cerebral blood perfusion in patients with delayed encephalopathy after carbon monoxide poisoning (DEACMP). METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with DEACMP were randomly divided into acupuncture group (n=14 cases) and control group (n=14 cases). Patients of the acupuncture group were treated by using "Xingnao Kaiqiao" needling technique (specific set of acupuncture points as Yintang ï¼»EX-HN3ï¼½, Shangxing ï¼»GV23ï¼½, Baihui ï¼»GV20ï¼½, Sishenchong ï¼»EX-HN1ï¼½, Fengchi ï¼»GB20ï¼½, Taichong ï¼»LR3ï¼½, etc., and strong stimulation) combined with HBO in an air pressurized tank, and those of the control group treated by simple HBO. The treatment was conducted once a day, 5 days a week for 6 weeks. All the patients underwent head routine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and intravoxel incoherent motion imaging(IVIM) scan before and after the treatment. The values of pseudo-diffusion coefficient D (D*) and perfusion fraction (f) of the bilateral semi-oval centers were measured by using MITK software package to calculate the ave-rage fD* value (f×D*). The Barthel index (BI) score was used to assess the patients' daily living ability, and the correlation between parameter values was evaluated by Pearson method. RESULTS: After the treatment, the values of f, fD* and BI scores were significantly increased in both acupuncture group and control groups (P<0.05). The values of the 3 indexes were significantly higher in the acupuncture group than those in the control group (P<0.05). The values of f and fD* were positively correlated with BI score (P<0.05), with the correlation coefficients being 0.822, 0.636 and 0.601, respectively between the fD* and f, BI and f, and BI and fD*. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture combined with HBO can significantly improve the low-perfusion of bilate-ral semi-oval center and daily living ability in patients with DEACMP, being significantly superior to simple HBO therapy in the curative effect.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Encefalopatias , Oxigenação Hiperbárica , Encefalopatias/terapia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética
20.
Food Funct ; 11(5): 4202-4215, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32352466

RESUMO

This study investigated the potential of resveratrol (RSV) and its derivative pterostilbene (PT) to prevent diquat (DQ)-induced hepatic oxidative damage and mitochondrial dysfunction in piglets. Seventy-two weanling piglets were randomly divided into the following treatment groups: non-challenged control group, DQ-challenged control group, and DQ-challenged groups supplemented with either 300 mg RSV per kg of diet or an equivalent amount of PT. Each treatment group consisted of six replicates with three piglets per replicate (n = 6). After a two-week feeding trial, piglets were intraperitoneally injected with either 10 mg DQ per kg of body weight or sterile saline. At 24 hours post-injection, one piglet from each replicate (six piglets per treatment) was randomly selected for sample collection and biochemical analysis. Compared with the DQ-challenged control group, PT attenuated the growth loss of piglets after the DQ challenge (P < 0.05). Administration of PT was more effective than its parent compound in inhibiting the DQ-induced hepatic apoptosis and the increased generation of total cholesterol, superoxide anion, and lipid peroxidation products (P < 0.05). Specifically, PT facilitated nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 signals and the expression and activity of manganese superoxide dismutase, while it also prevented mitochondrial swelling, membrane potential collapse, and adenosine triphosphate depletion, possibly through the activation of sirtuin 1 (P < 0.05). These results indicate that PT may be superior to RSV as an antioxidant to protect the liver of young piglets from oxidative insults.

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