Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 15 de 15
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3104, 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561746

RESUMO

Strong many-body interaction in two-dimensional transitional metal dichalcogenides provides a unique platform to study the interplay between different quasiparticles, such as prominent phonon replica emission and modified valley-selection rules. A large out-of-plane magnetic field is expected to modify the exciton-phonon interactions by quantizing excitons into discrete Landau levels, which is largely unexplored. Here, we observe the Landau levels originating from phonon-exciton complexes and directly probe exciton-phonon interaction under a quantizing magnetic field. Phonon-exciton interaction lifts the inter-Landau-level transition selection rules for dark trions, manifested by a distinctively different Landau fan pattern compared to bright trions. This allows us to experimentally extract the effective mass of both holes and electrons. The onset of Landau quantization coincides with a significant increase of the valley-Zeeman shift, suggesting strong many-body effects on the phonon-exciton interaction. Our work demonstrates monolayer WSe2 as an intriguing playground to study phonon-exciton interactions and their interplay with charge, spin, and valley.

2.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32519865

RESUMO

Monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are the first truly two-dimensional (2D) semiconductor, providing an excellent platform to investigate light-matter interaction in the 2D limit. The inherently strong excitonic response in monolayer TMDs can be further enhanced by exploiting the temporal confinement of light in nanophotonic structures. Here, we demonstrate a 2D exciton-polariton system by strongly coupling atomically thin tungsten diselenide (WSe2) monolayer to a silicon nitride (SiN) metasurface. Via energy-momentum spectroscopy of the WSe2-metasurface system, we observed the characteristic anticrossing of the polariton dispersion both in the reflection and photoluminescence spectrum. A Rabi splitting of 18 meV was observed which matched well with our numerical simulation. Moreover, we showed that the Rabi splitting, the polariton dispersion, and the far-field emission pattern could be tailored with subwavelength-scale engineering of the optical meta-atoms. Our platform thus opens the door for the future development of novel, exotic exciton-polariton devices by advanced meta-optical engineering.

3.
Nano Lett ; 20(1): 694-700, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865705

RESUMO

Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) heterostructure with a type II alignment hosts unique interlayer excitons with the possibility of spin-triplet and spin-singlet states. However, the associated spectroscopy signatures remain elusive, strongly hindering the understanding of the Moiré potential modulation of the interlayer exciton. In this work, we unambiguously identify the spin-singlet and spin-triplet interlayer excitons in the WSe2/MoSe2 heterobilayer with a 60° twist angle through the gate- and magnetic field-dependent photoluminescence spectroscopy. Both the singlet and triplet interlayer excitons show giant valley-Zeeman splitting between the K and K' valleys, a result of the large Landé g-factor of the singlet interlayer exciton and triplet interlayer exciton, which are experimentally determined to be ∼10.7 and ∼15.2, respectively, which is in good agreement with theoretical expectation. The photoluminescence (PL) from the singlet and triplet interlayer excitons show opposite helicities, determined by the atomic registry. Helicity-resolved photoluminescence excitation (PLE) spectroscopy study shows that both singlet and triplet interlayer excitons are highly valley-polarized at the resonant excitation with the valley polarization of the singlet interlayer exciton approaching unity at ∼20 K. The highly valley-polarized singlet and triplet interlayer excitons with giant valley-Zeeman splitting inspire future applications in spintronics and valleytronics.

4.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 19138, 2019 12 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31844072

RESUMO

This study utilizes Raman spectroscopy to analyze the burn-induced collagen conformational changes in ex vivo porcine skin tissue. Raman spectra of wavenumbers 500-2000 cm-1 were measured for unburnt skin as well as four different burn conditions: (i) 200 °F for 10 s, (ii) 200 °F for the 30 s, (iii) 450 °F for 10 s and (iv) 450 °F for 30 s. The overall spectra reveal that protein and amino acids-related bands have manifested structural changes including the destruction of protein-related functional groups, and transformation from α-helical to disordered structures which are correlated with increasing burn severity. The deconvolution of the amide I region (1580-1720 cm-1) and the analysis of the sub-bands reveal a change of the secondary structure of the collagen from the α-like helix dominated to the ß-aggregate dominated one. Such conformational changes may explain the softening of mechanical response in burnt tissues reported in the literature.

5.
ACS Nano ; 13(12): 14107-14113, 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765125

RESUMO

Inversion symmetry breaking and 3-fold rotation symmetry grant the valley degree of freedom to the robust exciton in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides, which can be exploited for valleytronics applications. However, the short lifetime of the exciton significantly constrains the possible applications. In contrast, the dark exciton could be long-lived but does not necessarily possess the valley degree of freedom. In this work, we report the identification of the momentum-dark, intervalley exciton in monolayer WSe2 through low-temperature magneto-photoluminescence spectra. Interestingly, the intervalley exciton is brightened through the emission of a chiral phonon at the corners of the Brillouin zone (K point), and the pseudoangular momentum of the phonon is transferred to the emitted photon to preserve the valley information. The chiral phonon energy is determined to be ∼23 meV, based on the experimentally extracted exchange interaction (∼7 meV), in excellent agreement with the theoretical expectation of 24.6 meV. The long-lived intervalley exciton with valley degree of freedom adds an exciting quasiparticle for valleytronics, and the coupling between the chiral phonon and intervalley exciton furnishes a venue for valley spin manipulation.

6.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4649, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604933

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

7.
Nano Lett ; 19(10): 6886-6893, 2019 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487988

RESUMO

Spin-forbidden intravalley dark excitons in tungsten-based transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), because of their unique spin texture and long lifetime, have attracted intense research interest. Here, we show that we can control the dark exciton electrostatically by dressing it with one free electron or free hole, forming the dark trions. The existence of the dark trions is suggested by the unique magneto-photoluminescence spectroscopy pattern of the boron nitride (BN)-encapsulated monolayer WSe2 device at low temperature. The unambiguous evidence of the dark trions is further obtained by directly resolving the radiation pattern of the dark trions through back focal plane imaging. The dark trions possess a binding energy of ∼15 meV, and they inherit the long lifetime and large g-factor from the dark exciton. Interestingly, under the out-of-plane magnetic field, dressing the dark exciton with one free electron or hole results in distinctively different valley polarization of the emitted photon, as a result of the different intervalley scattering mechanism for the electron and hole. Finally, the lifetime of the positive dark trion can be further tuned from ∼50 ps to ∼215 ps by controlling the gate voltage. The gate-tunable dark trions usher in new opportunities for excitonic optoelectronics and valleytronics.

8.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3513, 2019 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383862

RESUMO

High performance terahertz imaging devices have drawn wide attention due to their significant application in healthcare, security of food and medicine, and nondestructive inspection, as well as national security applications. Here we demonstrate a broadband terahertz photon-type up-conversion imaging device, operating around the liquid helium temperature, based on the gallium arsenide homojunction interfacial workfunction internal photoemission (HIWIP)-detector-LED up-converter and silicon CCD. Such an imaging device achieves broadband response in 4.2-20 THz and can absorb the normal incident light. The peak responsivity is 0.5 AW-1. The light emitting diode leads to a 72.5% external quantum efficiency improvement compared with the one widely used in conventional up-conversion devices. A peak up-conversion efficiency of 1.14 × 10-2 is realized and the optimal noise equivalent power is 29.1 pWHz-1/2. The up-conversion imaging for a 1000 K blackbody pin-hole is demonstrated. This work provides a different imaging scheme in the terahertz band.

9.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2469, 2019 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171789

RESUMO

Tungsten-based monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides host a long-lived "dark" exciton, an electron-hole pair in a spin-triplet configuration. The long lifetime and unique spin properties of the dark exciton provide exciting opportunities to explore light-matter interactions beyond electric dipole transitions. Here we demonstrate that the coupling of the dark exciton and an optically silent chiral phonon enables the intrinsic photoluminescence of the dark-exciton replica in monolayer WSe2. Gate and magnetic-field dependent PL measurements unveil a circularly-polarized replica peak located below the dark exciton by 21.6 meV, equal to E″ phonon energy from Se vibrations. First-principles calculations show that the exciton-phonon interaction selectively couples the spin-forbidden dark exciton to the intravalley spin-allowed bright exciton, permitting the simultaneous emission of a chiral phonon and a circularly-polarized photon. Our discovery and understanding of the phonon replica reveals a chirality dictated emission channel of the phonons and photons, unveiling a new route of manipulating valley-spin.

10.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1764, 2019 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30992432

RESUMO

Unlike the vast majority of transition metal dichalcogenides which are semiconductors, vanadium disulfide is metallic and conductive. This makes it particularly promising as an electrode material in lithium-ion batteries. However, vanadium disulfide exhibits poor stability due to large Peierls distortion during cycling. Here we report that vanadium disulfide flakes can be rendered stable in the electrochemical environment of a lithium-ion battery by conformally coating them with a ~2.5 nm thick titanium disulfide layer. Density functional theory calculations indicate that the titanium disulfide coating is far less susceptible to Peierls distortion during the lithiation-delithiation process, enabling it to stabilize the underlying vanadium disulfide material. The titanium disulfide coated vanadium disulfide cathode exhibits an operating voltage of ~2 V, high specific capacity (~180 mAh g-1 @200 mA g-1 current density) and rate capability (~70 mAh g-1 @1000 mA g-1), while achieving capacity retention close to 100% after 400 charge-discharge steps.

11.
Nano Lett ; 19(1): 299-307, 2019 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30556398

RESUMO

Monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) possess superior optical properties, including the valley degree of freedom that can be accessed through the excitation light of certain helicity. Although WS2 and WSe2 are known for their excellent valley polarization due to the strong spin-orbit coupling, the optical bandgap is limited by the ability to choose from only these two materials. This limitation can be overcome through the monolayer alloy semiconductor, WS2 xSe2(1- x), which promises an atomically thin semiconductor with tunable bandgap. In this work, we show that the high-quality BN encapsulated monolayer WS0.6Se1.4 inherits the superior optical properties of tungsten-based TMDs, including a trion splitting of ∼6 meV and valley polarization as high as ∼60%. In particular, we demonstrate for the first time the emerging and gate-tunable interlayer electron-phonon coupling in the BN/WS0.6Se1.4/BN van der Waals heterostructure, which renders the otherwise optically silent Raman modes visible. In addition, the emerging Raman signals can be drastically enhanced by the resonant coupling to the 2s state of the monolayer WS0.6Se1.4 A exciton. The BN/WS2 xSe2(1- x)/BN van der Waals heterostructure with a tunable bandgap thus provides an exciting platform for exploring the valley degree of freedom and emerging excitonic physics in two-dimension.

12.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 16482, 2018 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30405168

RESUMO

Organic-inorganic perovskite as a promising candidate for solar energy harvesting has attracted immense interest for its low-cost preparation and extremely high quantum efficiency. However, the fundamental understanding of the photophysics in perovskite remains elusive. In this work, we have revealed two distinct states in MAPbI3 thin films at low temperature through time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy (TRPL). In particular, we observed a photo-induced carrier injection from the high energy (HE) state to the low energy (LE) state which has a longer lifetime. The strong interaction between the two states, evidenced by the injection kinetics, can be sensitively controlled through the excitation power. Understanding of the interacting two-states not only sheds light on the long PL lifetime in perovskite but also helps to understand the different behavior of perovskite in response to different excitation power. Further efforts in modifying the low energy state could significantly improve the quantum efficiency and lead to novel application in optoelectronics based on perovskite.

13.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3719, 2018 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30213927

RESUMO

Strong Coulomb interactions in single-layer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) result in the emergence of strongly bound excitons, trions, and biexcitons. These excitonic complexes possess the valley degree of freedom, which can be exploited for quantum optoelectronics. However, in contrast to the good understanding of the exciton and trion properties, the binding energy of the biexciton remains elusive, with theoretical calculations and experimental studies reporting discrepant results. In this work, we resolve the conflict by employing low-temperature photoluminescence spectroscopy to identify the biexciton state in BN-encapsulated single-layer WSe2. The biexciton state only exists in charge-neutral WSe2, which is realized through the control of efficient electrostatic gating. In the lightly electron-doped WSe2, one free electron binds to a biexciton and forms the trion-exciton complex. Improved understanding of the biexciton and trion-exciton complexes paves the way for exploiting the many-body physics in TMDs for novel optoelectronics applications.

14.
Nano Lett ; 18(8): 5078-5084, 2018 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30021441

RESUMO

InSe, a newly rediscovered two-dimensional (2D) semiconductor, possesses superior electrical and optical properties as a direct-band-gap semiconductor with high mobility from bulk to atomically thin layers and is drastically different from transition-metal dichalcogenides, in which the direct band gap only exists at the single-layer limit. However, absorption in InSe is mostly dominated by an out-of-plane dipole contribution, which results in the limited absorption of normally incident light that can only excite the in-plane dipole at resonance. To address this challenge, we have explored a unique geometric ridge state of the 2D flake without compromising the sample quality. We observed the enhanced absorption at the ridge over a broad range of excitation frequencies from photocurrent and photoluminescence (PL) measurements. In addition, we have discovered new PL peaks at low temperatures due to defect states on the ridge, which can be as much as ∼60 times stronger than the intrinsic PL peak of InSe. Interestingly, the PL of the defects is highly tunable through an external electrical field, which can be attributed to the Stark effect of the localized defects. InSe ridges thus provide new avenues for manipulating light-matter interactions and defect engineering that are vitally crucial for novel optoelectronic devices based on 2D semiconductors.

15.
Opt Express ; 22(3): 2222-7, 2014 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24663514

RESUMO

Extraordinary optical transmission through rectangular Sierpinski -Carpet aperture array on an Ag film has been observed. Attributed to the fractal-featured rectangle array, it exhibits polarization dependence and dual-band transmission simultaneously. In addition, the incident angle invariance transmission displays within a certain angle range, which is quite different from ordinary rectangles. This report provides a way to achieve the polarization-manipulated multi-band transmission in infrared region.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA