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1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(3): 2530-2544, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023551

RESUMO

Circular RNA (circRNA) is a novel class of noncoding RNAs, and the roles of circRNAs in the development of cardiac hypertrophy remain to be explored. Here, we investigate the potential roles of circRNAs in cardiac hypertrophy. By circRNA sequencing in left ventricular specimens collected from 8-week-old mice with isoproterenol hydrochloride-induced cardiac hypertrophy, we found 401 out of 3323 total circRNAs were dysregulated in the hypertrophic hearts compared with the controls. Of these, 303 circRNAs were upregulated and 98 were downregulated. Moreover, the GO and KEGG analyses revealed that the majority of parental gene of differentially expressed circRNAs were not only related to biological process such as metabolic process and response to stimulus, but also related to pathway such as circulatory system and cardiovascular diseases. On the other hand, total 1974 miRNAs were predicted to binding to these differentially expressed circRNAs, and the possible target mRNAs of those miRNAs were also predicted and analyzed in terms of functional annotation. Finally, we identified that ANF and miR-23a are downstream targets of circRNA wwp1, suggesting that circRNA wwp1 exerts inhibitory roles of cardiac hypertrophy via down-regulation of ANF and miR-23a, which underlying the potential mechanisms whereby circRNA regulates cardiac hypertrophy.

2.
Acupunct Med ; : 964528419900781, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022581

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore the feasibility of evaluating the comparative effectiveness and safety of electroacupuncture (EA) relative to manual acupuncture (MA) for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). METHODS: A multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in Beijing from September 2017 to January 2018. A total of 60 participants with KOA were randomly allocated to either EA (n = 30) or MA (n = 30) groups. Participants in the EA group were treated with EA at six to seven local traditional acupuncture points or ah shi points, and two to three distal points. Participants in the MA group had the same schedule as the EA group except that the electrical apparatus featured a working power indicator without actual current output, constituting a sham EA procedure, in order to blind participants. Both groups received 24 sessions over 8 weeks. The primary outcome was response rate, defined as a change of ⩾50% from baseline in the total scores of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) after 8 weeks. Secondary outcomes included pain, stiffness, function, quality of life, and acupuncture-related adverse events (AEs) at 4 and 8 weeks. RESULTS: Of 60 participants randomized, 53 (88%) completed the study. Response rates were 43% for the EA group and 30% for the MA group by the intention-to-treat analysis. Although significant differences were observed in WOMAC pain, stiffness, and function scores within both groups, between-group differences at 8 weeks did not reach statistical significance (odds ratio = 1.75 (95% confidence interval = 0.593-5.162)). Rates of AEs were low and similarly distributed between groups. CONCLUSION: Both EA and MA interventions in KOA were feasible and appeared safe. Whether or not EA may have a stronger impact on pain and function requires further evaluation through larger, adequately powered, randomized controlled trials. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03274713.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18489, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In a multitude of previous studies, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) plays an important role in the occurrence of ectopic pregnancy (EP). However, the predictive value of CT infections in the occurrence of EP has not been estimated worldwide. We thus evaluated, by means of a meta-analysis, the current status of the association between CT infections with EP and the potential predictive value of CT infections in EP. METHODS: We evaluated studies performed between the database construction time and August 2018 published in PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and the Web of Science (SCI). The relationship between CT and EP was calculated based upon the predetermined entry criteria for control group selection and the original data. The related articles were analyzed using a random-effects model, and the heterogeneity of the studies was assessed using the I index. Data were analyzed with the STATA 12.0 software. RESULTS: Twenty-five studies that recruited 11960 patients were included in the present meta-analysis, and the relation of CT infections with EP were assessed. The association between CT infections and EP risk showed an odds ratio (OR) of 3.03, with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of 2.37 to 3.89. Our results showed that there was a statistically significant difference between the intervention and control groups. The prevalence of CT infections in EP was then calculated by a subgroup analysis: African (OR, 2.22; 95% CI, 1.14-4.31), European (OR, 3.16; 95% CI, 2.10-4.47), North American (OR, 3.07; 95% CI, 1.78-5.31), and Asian (OR, 3.39; 95% CI, 1.95-5.90). CONCLUSIONS: From the results of numerous studies conducted on different continents, this meta-analysis showed a clear association between EP and prior CT infections, that is, CT infections increase the risk of EP occurrence.


Assuntos
Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia , Gravidez Ectópica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Chlamydia trachomatis , Feminino , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Gravidez Ectópica/etiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
4.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 414-423, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31899991

RESUMO

A novel series of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) inhibitors, which play critical roles in the cell cycle control and regulation of cell transcription, were synthesised. A systematic study of enzymatic and cellular assays led to the identification of compound X22 with a nanomolar potency against CDK4 and CDK9 and potent antiproliferative activities against a panel of tumour cell lines. X22 could induce cell cycle arrest and cell apoptosis in cancer cell lines. X22 dose-dependently inhibits signalling pathways downstream of CDKs in cancer cells. In vivo antitumor activity assays, oral administration of X22 led to significant tumour regression in mouse model without obvious toxicity. Superior anti-cancer efficacy in vitro and in vivo of X22 demonstrated combined depletion of cell cycle and transcriptional CDK all contributed to antitumor activity. Taken together, concomitant inhibition of cell cycle and transcriptional CDK activities provided valuable guide for further structural optimisation.

5.
Food Funct ; 11(1): 711-721, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909773

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become the most common liver disease worldwide; thus, a dietary supplement that can restrict hepatic fat accumulation is needed. Baicalein, a major component of Scutellaria baicalensis, is used as a dietary supplement in Eastern and Western cultures and can reduce hepatic fat accumulation. However, the detailed mechanism by which baicalein exerts this effect has yet to be elucidated in vivo and in vitro. In this study, we characterized the hepatic fat-lowering activity of baicalein and found that baicalein reduced hepatic fat accumulation by activating AMPK and suppressing SREBP1 cleavage, thus consequently inhibiting the transcriptional activity of SREBP1 and the synthesis of hepatic fat in oleic acid-induced HepG2 cells and high-fat diet-induced non-insulin-resistant mice. Moreover, baicalein improved NAFLD by decreasing TC, increasing HDLC, decreasing LDLC, affecting antioxidant activity, and exerting other effects. Therefore, the mechanism of baicalein with regard to NAFLD prevention and treatment might involve effects on multiple targets and pathways. Our study supports the use of baicalein as a dietary supplement due to its ability to reduce hepatic fat accumulation and to ameliorate NAFLD-related biochemical abnormalities.

6.
Bioorg Chem ; 95: 103547, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911307

RESUMO

As the aim to discover orally SYK inhibitors for solid tumor treatment, a series of novel derivatives based on imidazo[1,2-a]pyrazine scaffold were designed, synthesized and evaluated. Structure-activity relationship study of both enzymatic and cellular assays led to the identification of compound 12f. The novel SYK inhibitor 12f showed potent antitumor activity against solid tumors with favorable drug-like properties of lipophilicity and solubility. 12f could induce cell apoptosis of ovarian and lung cancer cell lines. In SKOV3 xenograft mouse model, oral administration of 12f led to significant tumour regression without obvious toxicity. 12f improved the limited response of traditional SYK inhibitors in solid tumors in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, this compound may act as a promising lead compound for further development of new SYK inhibitors for solid tumor therapy.

7.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830789

RESUMO

A novel and efficient 3D biohybrid photocatalyst, defective MoS2 nanosheets encapsulated carbonized rape pollen, was fabricated and applied to water disinfection. The rape pollen-MoS2 (PM) biohybrid showed excellent dispersibility, high stability, and efficient charge-carrier separation and migration ability, resulting in the highly enhanced photocatalytic inactivation performance toward various waterborne bacteria under different light sources. The inactivation mechanisms were systematically investigated. Reactive species (RSs), including electrons, holes, and reactive oxygen species (•O2- and •OH), played major roles in inactivating bacteria. The antioxidant system of bacteria exhibited a self-protection capacity by eliminating the photogenerated RSs from PM biohybrid at the early stage of inactivation. With the accumulation of RSs, the cell membrane and membrane-associated functions were destroyed, as suggested by the collapse of cell envelope and subsequent loss of cell respiration and ATP synthesis capacity. The microscopic images further confirmed the destruction of the bacterial membrane. After losing the membrane barrier, the oxidation of cytoplasmic proteins and lipids caused by invaded RSs occurred readily. Finally, the leakage of DNA and RNA announced the irreversible death of bacteria. These results indicated that the bacterial inactivation began with the membrane rupture, followed by the oxidation and leakage of intracellular substances. This work not only provided a new insight into the combination of semiconductors with earth-abundant biomaterials for fabricating high-performance photocatalysts, but also revealed the underlying mechanisms of photocatalytic bacterial inactivation in depth.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(24)2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: G-protein-coupled bile acid receptor (TGR5), a membrane bile acid receptor, regulates macrophage reactivity, and attenuates inflammation in different disease models. However, the regulatory effects of TGR5 in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced kidney injury and inflammation have not yet been extensively studied. Therefore, we hypothesize that Farnesiferol B, a natural TGR5 agonist, could alleviate renal I/R injury by reducing inflammation and macrophage migration through activating TGR5. METHODS: Mice were treated with Farnesiferol B before I/R or sham procedures. Renal function, pathological analysis, and inflammatory mediators were examined. In vitro, the regulatory effects of Farnesiferol B on the Nuclear Factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) pathway in macrophages were investigated. RESULTS: After I/R, Farnesiferol B-treated mice displayed better renal function and less tubular damage. Farnesiferol B reduced renal oxidative stress and inflammation significantly. In vitro, Farnesiferol B treatment alleviated lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced macrophage migration and activation, as well as LPS-induced NF-κB activation through TGR5. CONCLUSIONS: Farnesiferol B could protect kidney function from I/R-induced damage by attenuating inflammation though activating TGR5 in macrophages. Farnesiferol B might be a potent TGR5 ligand for the treatment of I/R-induced renal inflammation.

9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(23)2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766450

RESUMO

Ventricular arrhythmia (VA) is a major component of sudden cardiac death (SCD). To investigate the expression of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-ß1) during VA, we established a rat model of VA induced by BaCl2 solution through a microinjector pump. PD142893 (ET-1 receptor blocker) and SB431542 (TGF-ß1 receptor type I blocker) were used to explore the effect of ET-1 and TGF-ß1 on BNP expression in the myocardium after VA. BNP, ET-1, and TGF-ß1 in rat myocardium were assayed by western blot and immunohistochemical staining for proteins, and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction for mRNAs. We found increased expression of BNP and ET-1 in rat myocardium that was associated with the duration of VA. However, TGF-ß1 protein expression remained unchanged. Such early increases in BNP and ET-1 may be attributed to fatal arrhythmias associated with SCD, suggesting these may be novel biomarkers of this disease. After intraperitoneal injection of PD142893 and SB431542, respectively, BNP was downregulated in the myocardium of the left ventricle; however, this was abrogated by co-application of the two inhibitors. These results suggested that both ET-1 and TGF-ß1, by specifically binding to their receptors, might be involved in the myocardial synthesis of BNP during VA in vivo.

10.
Front Pediatr ; 7: 400, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681705

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate the association between ambient air pollutant exposure and daily hospital admissions for respiratory diseases in children in Guiyang. Methods: Clinical data of pediatric inpatients with respiratory disease from 2009 to 2016 in Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital and PM2.5, NO2, PM10, and SO2 concentration data were retrieved. A canonical correlation analysis (CCA) was applied to analyse the association between air pollutants and daily hospital admissions for respiratory diseases. A reproducibility analysis was applied to analyse the association between air pollution and the duration and direct cost of hospitalization. The support vector regression (SVR) method was applied to determine whether air pollution data could predict the daily hospital admissions for the upcoming day. Results: A total of 10,876 inpatients with respiratory diseases were included between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2016. The CCA showed significant correlations between air pollution and daily hospital admissions (r = 0.3564, p < 0.001), the duration of hospitalization (r = 0.2911, p < 0.001) and the economic cost of hospitalization (r = 0.2933, p < 0.001) for respiratory disease. PM10 contributed most to daily hospital admissions for respiratory disease; the concentration the day before hospitalization contributed most to the daily hospital admissions for respiratory disease. There was a slightly stronger correlation between air pollution and respiratory disease in children aged 2-18 years (R = 0.36 vs. R = 0.31 in those under 2 years old). No significant difference was found between male and female patients. The prediction analysis showed that air pollution could successfully predict daily pediatric inpatient hospital admissions (R = 0.378, permutation p < 0.001). Conclusions: Air pollution was significantly associated with hospital admissions, hospitalization duration and the economic cost of hospitalization in children with respiratory diseases. The maximum effect occurred on the day before hospitalization. The effect of PM10 on daily pediatric inpatient hospital admissions for respiratory disease was the greatest among the pollutants evaluated.

11.
J Forensic Sci ; 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738462

RESUMO

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is an unexpected death caused by a sudden loss of cardiac function, which is currently a global public health problem. Evaluation of the agonal cardiac function of the deceased is a quite important task for the diagnosis of SCD in forensic medicine. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP) are currently considered as significant biomarkers for the diagnosis of heart failure in both clinical and forensic practices. To investigate the postmortem evaluation roles of postmortem BNP and NT-proBNP levels for SCD, the present study meta-analyzed eight related studies from Embase, Cochrane Library, PubMed, China Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Data. Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale was used to assess the quality of the included literature, and the meta-analysis was performed by RevMan 5.3.5 software. Postmortem NT-proBNP in pericardial fluid showed higher levels in the SCD group than that of the non-SCD group with the weighted mean difference = 3665.74, 95% confidence interval: 1812.89-5518.59, and p = 0.0001. However, postmortem levels of BNP in pericardial fluid and NT-proBNP in serum revealed no statistical difference between SCD and non-SCD subjects. The results of present meta-analysis demonstrated that postmortem NT-proBNP in the pericardial fluid could be used as an ancillary indicator for evaluation of agonal cardiac function in forensic medicine.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713080

RESUMO

An obligately anaerobic, nitrate-reducing bacterial strain (MJB2T) was isolated from sediments of saline in Xinjiang province of China. Cells were Gram-stain-positive rods and motile by means of flagella and formed endospores. The novel strain MJB2T was able to grow at 15-37 °C (optimum 28-30 °C), pH 5.8-9.4 (optimum 7.8) and with 1.0-7.0% NaCl (optimum 5.0-6.0%, w/v). Sulfate, sulfite, thiosulfate, elemental sulfur, nitrite and Fe(III) were not used as terminal electron acceptors. Oxidase and catalase reactions were positive. H2S was producted from L-cystine. Complex substrates such as beef extract, peptone and yeast extract can be used as sole energy sources. The DNA G+C content was 29.4 mol%. The major cellular fatty acids (> 10%) were C14:0, C16:1 cis 7 and C16:1 cis 9. The main polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, three unidentified amino lipids, one unidentified amino glycolipid, two unidentified glycolipid, one unidentified aminophospholipid and two unidentified lipids. No respiratory quinones were detected. According to phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain MJB2T was affiliated to the family Clostridiaceae (order Clostridiales) with highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 95.3% to Crassaminicella profunda Ra1766HT. Strain MJB2T exhibited 74.9% ANI values to C. profunda Ra1766HT. In silico DNA-DNA relatedness value between strain MJB2T and C. profunda Ra1766HT was 19.5%. The distinct biochemical, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic differences from the previously described taxa supported that strain MJB2T represents a novel species of a new genus, for which the name Anaerophilus nitritogenes gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MJB2T (=KCTC 15800T=MCCC 1K03631T).

13.
Nano Lett ; 19(12): 8920-8927, 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702928

RESUMO

Separating electrons from their source atoms in La-doped BaSnO3, the first perovskite oxide semiconductor to be discovered with high room-temperature electron mobility, remains a subject of great interest for achieving high-mobility electron gas in two dimensions. So far, the vast majority of work in perovskite oxides has focused on heterostructures involving SrTiO3 as an active layer. Here we report the demonstration of modulation doping in BaSnO3 as the high room-temperature mobility host without the use of SrTiO3. Significantly, we show the use of angle-resolved hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) as a nondestructive approach to not only determine the location of electrons at the buried interface but also to quantify the width of electron distribution in BaSnO3. The transport results are in good agreement with the results of self-consistent solution to one-dimensional Poisson and Schrödinger equations. Finally, we discuss viable routes to engineer two-dimensional electron gas density through band-offset engineering.

14.
Nanoscale ; 11(43): 20893-20902, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660565

RESUMO

In this paper, we propose a space-confined foaming approach to fabricate cable-like heterogeneous porous carbon fibers (Si-CPCFs) containing an inner graphitized carbon "conductor" and an outer Si-doping amorphous carbon "shield". Benefiting from the fast Li+ intercalation and high conductivity of the "inner conductor", and the rich pseudocapacitance of the "outer shield", the Si-CPCFs exhibit an ultrahigh-rate capability and cycling performance, leading to a high capacity of 132 mA h g-1 even at an ultra-high current density of 100 A g-1 after 10 000 cycles. The assembled lithium ion hybrid supercapacitors (LIHCs) also deliver a superior energy density of 50 W h kg-1 at an ultra-high power density of 113 kW kg-1, really achieving both a high energy density and power density of LIHCs. The success of the cable-like heterogeneous porous carbon architecture proposes a new direction to circumvent the discrepancy in kinetics and capacity mismatch, and also attracts more attention to heterogeneous nanostructures with multiple functions.

15.
World J Surg Oncol ; 17(1): 159, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the role of three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction technique in renal function protection and ipsilateral parenchymal mass preserved after laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) in patients with complex renal tumor (R.E.N.A.L.score ≥ 8). METHODS: A retrospective study enrolling 49 patients who suffered from RCC and underwent LPN at our center, from October 1, 2017, to October 31, 2018. Twenty-one patients (group A) underwent LPN with the 3D reconstruction technique before surgery, and the other 28 patients (group B) not. Preoperative and postoperative ipsilateral parenchymal mass volume and ipsilateral glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were analyzed 3-5 days prior and 3 months after PN. In order to compare the two groups, Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square tests were performed. The main limitation of this technique is that the volume calculations are partly performed manually. RESULTS: All patients' median renal score was 10 with no difference between the two groups (P = 0.89), and the median tumor size of the two groups was 3.2 cm (group A) and 3.3 cm (group B) respectively (P = 0.14). In addition, the median warm ischemia time of the two groups was 21 min (group A) and 26 min (group B) (P = 0.003). In group A and group B, the rate of preserved global GFR was 88% and 86% (P = 0.06), preserved ipsilateral GFR was 80% and 77% (P = 0.01), and preserved ipsilateral parenchymal was 84% and 80% (P = 0.03) separately. CONCLUSION: 3D reconstruction technique was a beneficial method for more renal function and more preserved renal parenchymal mass volume after LPN. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, YHD[2017]212. Registered 1 January 2017 (prospectively registered), http://www.ytyhdyy.com/nav/103.htm .

16.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(18)2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540075

RESUMO

Ultrasonic vibrations were applied to weld Ni-based metallic glass ribbons with Al and Cu ribbons to manufacture high-performance metallic glass and crystalline metal composites with accumulating formation characteristics. The effects of ultrasonic vibration energy on the interfaces of the composite samples were studied. The ultrasonic vibrations enabled solid-state bonding of metallic glass and crystalline metals. No intermetallic compound formed at the interfaces, and the metallic glass did not crystallize. The hardness and modulus of the composites were between the respective values of the metallic glass and the crystalline metals. The ultrasonic bonding additive manufacturing can combine the properties of metallic glass and crystalline metals and broaden the application fields of metallic materials.

17.
Environ Health ; 18(1): 70, 2019 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Air pollution and cardiovascular disease are increasing problems in China. However, the short-term association between fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is not well documented. The purpose of this study is to estimate the short-term effects of PM2.5 on CVD admissions in Beijing, China. METHODS: In total, 460,938 electronic hospitalization summary reports for CVD between 2013 and 2017 were obtained. A generalized additive model using a quasi-Poisson distribution was used to investigate the association between exposure to PM2.5 and hospitalizations for total and cause-specific CVD, including coronary heart disease (CHD), atrial fibrillation (AF), and heart failure (HF) after controlling for the season, the day of the week, public holidays, and weather conditions. A stratified analysis was also conducted for age (18-64 and ≥ 65 years), sex and season. RESULTS: For every 10 µg/m3 increase in the PM2.5 concentration from the previous day to the current (lag 0-1) there was a significant increase in total CVD admissions (0.30, 95% CI: 0.20, 0.39%), with a strong association for older adults (aged ≥65 years), CHD (0.34, 95% CI: 0.22 to 0.45%) and AF (0.29, 95% CI, 0.03 to 0.55%). However, the observed increased risk was not statistically significant for HF hospitalizations. The associations in the single-pollutant models were robust to the inclusion of other pollutants in a two-pollutant model. No differences were found after stratification by sex and season. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to PM2.5 increased the risk of hospitalizations from CVD, especially for CHD, and appeared to have more influence in the elderly. Precautions and protective measures and efforts to reduce exposure to PM2.5 should be strengthened, especially for the elderly.

18.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(8): 591, 2019 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372763

RESUMO

A MALDI-TOF mass spectrometric method is described for the determination of small molecule compounds with cis-diol. It is based on the use of a binary matrix consisting of boron nitride (BN) and α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid that was modified with the derivatization reagent of (3-(acridin-9-ylamino)phenyl)boronic acid which can recognize cis-diols. The binary matrix is used for desorption/ionization (DI) in the positive ion mode. The mechanism leading to DI enhancement was investigated. The results imply that BN is beneficial for the DI because it induces an enhancement in the positive ion mode. The boronic acid-functionalized binary matrix was successfully applied to capture the glucose, shikimic acid and quinic acid. The method was applied to the determination of 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol in plant oil. Graphical abstract Schematic representation of a method for detecting the cis-diol compounds on matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) using the binary matrix of boron nitride (BN)/α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (CHCA) that was modified with (3-(acridin-9-ylamino)phenyl) boronic acid (AYPBA).

19.
Nanotechnology ; 30(48): 485201, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430726

RESUMO

The effects of space radiation on the structural and electrical properties of MoS2 field effect transistors (FETs) were investigated. The 1 MeV electronically equivalent International Space Station (ISS) track was used to apply fluence equivalent to the orbital for 10 (1.0 × 1012 cm-2) and 30 years (3.0 × 1012 cm-2) using the AP8 and AE8 models. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman and photoluminescence (PL) spectra were recorded before and after irradiation. Electron irradiation produced strong desulfurization effects in MoS2 FETs. The PL spectra before and after irradiation did not change significantly, while the [Formula: see text] and A1g Raman modes were red- and blue-shifted, respectively. The XPS results demonstrated a strong desulfurization effect of the electron beam on MoS2. This reduction indicates a much higher amount of irradiation-induced S vacancies compared to Mo vacancies. The electrical characteristics of the device were measured before and after irradiation. The increase in the channel leakage current after irradiation was attributed to the oxide trapping positive charges. MoS2 FETs irradiated by the electron-beam demonstrated a decreased current. This phenomenon can be attributed to the combination of the states at the SiO2/MoS2 interfaces and Coulomb scattering. Our study provides a deeper understanding of the influence of 1 MeV electron-beam irradiation on MoS2-based nano-electronic devices for future space applications.

20.
Anal Chem ; 91(18): 11981-11986, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436086

RESUMO

Sulfane sulfur has been recognized as a common cellular component, participating in regulating enzyme activities and signaling pathways. However, the quantification of total sulfane sulfur in biological samples is still a challenge. Here, we developed a method to address the need. All tested sulfane sulfur reacted with sulfite and quantitatively converted to thiosulfate when heated at 95 °C in a solution of pH 9.5 for 10 min. The assay condition was also sufficient to convert total sulfane sulfur in biological samples to thiosulfate for further derivatization and quantification. We applied the method to detect sulfane sulfur contents at different growth phases of bacteria, yeast, mammalian cells, and zebrafish. Total sulfane sulfur contents in all of them increased in the early stage, kept at a steady state for a period, and declined sharply in the late stage of the growth. Sulfane sulfur contents varied in different species. For Escherichia coli, growth media also affected the sulfane sulfur contents. Total sulfane sulfur contents from different organs of mouse and shrimp were also detected, varying from 1 to 10 nmol/(mg of protein). Thus, the new method is suitable for the quantification of total sulfane sulfur in biological samples.

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