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1.
Clin Nephrol ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049626

RESUMO

AIM: By observing the expression and distribution of platelet-derived growth factor receptor α-positive (PDGFRα+) cells in ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO), to explore their role in the pathogenesis of children with congenital hydronephrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The control group involved specimens of the normal ureter (nephrectomy for tumor; n = 10), and the UPJO group contained specimens of ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) segment excised during pyeloplasty (n = 30). The specimens were investigated using immunofluorescence for the expression and distribution of PDGFRα+ cells in each group by light microscopy with computerized image analysis. Real-time PCR (RT-PCR) was used to study PDGFRα gene expression levels. In addition, small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel 3 (SK3) and closely associated cells consisting of smooth muscle cells (SMCs), interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs), and nerve fibers were investigated. RESULTS: PDGFRα+ cells were in close proximity to SMCs, ICCs, and nerve fibers. PDGFRα+ cells expressed SK3 channels, which are found to regulate purinergic inhibitory neurotransmission in SMCs. Regarding the expression of PDGFRα+ cells no significant difference was seen between the two groups, while the expression of SK3 channels in PDGFRα+ cells was significantly decreased in the UPJO group versus the control group. CONCLUSION: This study identified the expression of PDGFRα+ cells in the human UPJ. Our results demonstrate the expression of SK3 channels in PDGFRα+ cells was decreased in UPJO, and SK3 channels may be involved in the pathogenesis of UPJO by perturbing the UPJ peristalsis.
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3.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 80: 106148, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31978802

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The efficacy and safety of hypofractionated radiation therapy (HFRT) combined with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in patients with brain metastases (BM) remain controversial. This meta-analysis was performed to compare the efficacy and safety of HFRT with and without ICIs in BM patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched up to 25 December 2018 for studies that compared the efficacy and safety of HFRT with and without ICIs in BM patients. RESULTS: Twenty-four studies involving 2,365 patients were included in this analysis. Compared with those of HFRT without ICIs, the 6-month locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRFS) rate (P = 0.002), 6-month overall survival (OS) rate (P = 0.001), 1-year OS rate (P = 0.001), 2-year OS rate (P = 0.007), and median OS (mOS) (P < 0.001) were significantly improved in combined HFRT and ICI treatment. A trend toward improved 1-year LRFS rate (P = 0.392) and 3-year OS rate (P = 0.266) for the ICI arm was observed compared with the non-ICI arm, although there was no statistically significant difference between the two arms. No significant difference in toxicity was found between the two arms (radionecrosis: P = 0.361; BM hemorrhage: P = 0.738). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with HFRT without ICIs, the combination of these two therapies improved efficacy but did not increase toxicity in patients with BM.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 704: 135285, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822421

RESUMO

Fulvic acid (FA) can serve as electron shuttles between bacteria and electron acceptors. It explored the short-term effect of FA dose on nitrogen removal performance and N-acylated-L-homoserine lactones (AHLs) release change in the anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) system. The results demonstrated that the total inorganic nitrogen removal efficiency increased with the FA dosages from 0.5 mM to 1 mM. FA addition improved anammox bacteria activity, together with extracellular polymeric substances production. FA addition from 0.5 mM to 1 mM stimulated AHLs release in both water and biomass phases, which indicated that the quorum sensing could be improved. These findings revealed that the addition of FA could improve quorum sensing and then enhance nitrogen removal performance.

5.
Cell Metab ; 31(1): 148-161.e5, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761565

RESUMO

Although obesity is known to be critical for cancer development, how obesity negatively impacts antitumor immune responses remains largely unknown. Here, we show that increased fatty acid oxidation (FAO) driven by activated STAT3 in CD8+ T effector cells is critical for obesity-associated breast tumor progression. Ablating T cell Stat3 or treatment with an FAO inhibitor in obese mice spontaneously developing breast tumor reduces FAO, increases glycolysis and CD8+ T effector cell functions, leading to inhibition of breast tumor development. Moreover, PD-1 ligation in CD8+ T cells activates STAT3 to increase FAO, inhibiting CD8+ T effector cell glycolysis and functions. Finally, leptin enriched in mammary adipocytes and fat tissues downregulates CD8+ T cell effector functions through activating STAT3-FAO and inhibiting glycolysis. We identify a critical role of increased oxidation of fatty acids driven by leptin and PD-1 through STAT3 in inhibiting CD8+ T effector cell glycolysis and in promoting obesity-associated breast tumorigenesis.

6.
J Food Biochem ; 44(1): e13088, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646682

RESUMO

The seeds of tree peony (Paeonia ostii) are promulgated as emerging edible oil crops. However, biological properties of principal constituents of peony seeds were not well studied. Fifteen main constituents including suffruticosols A and B, trans-ε-viniferin, ampelopsin E, resveratrol, trans-resveratrol-4'-O-ß-d-glucopyranoside, paeoniflorin, luteolin, luteolin-4'-O-ß-d-glucopyranoside, apigenin, kaempferol, oleanic acid, betulinic acid, hederagenin, and caffeic acid were isolated and identified. Their cytotoxicity against human tumor cell lines (COLO205, HT-29, HepG2, AGS, and HL-60) were evaluated. Among them, trans-ε-viniferin showed the most potent cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells (IC50 5.6 µM); ampelopsin E exhibited the most obvious antiproliferative properties on COLO205 (IC50 78.1 µM) and HT-29 (IC50 4.2 µM) cells, and betulinic acid showed the strongest growth inhibitory effects on HepG2 (IC50 6.6 µM) and AGS (IC50 5.4 µM) cells. Three enzymes (tyronsinase, α-glucosidase, and acetylcholinesterase) inhibitory activities of 12 compounds were also screened. Stilbene compounds, especially suffruticosols A and B, showed a significant inhibitory activity on all three enzymes. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: The cytotoxicity of 15 main constituents from peony seeds against COLO205, HT-29, HepG2, AGS, and HL-60 cells were evaluated. Among them, trans-ε-viniferin showed the most potent cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells (IC50 5.6 µM); ampelopsin E exhibited the most obvious antiproliferative properties on COLO205 (IC50 78.1 µM) and HT-29 (IC50 4.2 µM) cells, and betulinic acid showed the strongest growth inhibitory effects on HepG2 (IC50 6.6 µM) and AGS (IC50 5.4 µM) cells. Collectively, these results suggested that Paeonia ostii seed (POS) extracts are potential candidates for anticancer agents.

7.
Blood ; 135(1): 41-55, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697823

RESUMO

To study the mechanisms of relapse in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), we performed whole-genome sequencing of 103 diagnosis-relapse-germline trios and ultra-deep sequencing of 208 serial samples in 16 patients. Relapse-specific somatic alterations were enriched in 12 genes (NR3C1, NR3C2, TP53, NT5C2, FPGS, CREBBP, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, WHSC1, PRPS1, and PRPS2) involved in drug response. Their prevalence was 17% in very early relapse (<9 months from diagnosis), 65% in early relapse (9-36 months), and 32% in late relapse (>36 months) groups. Convergent evolution, in which multiple subclones harbor mutations in the same drug resistance gene, was observed in 6 relapses and confirmed by single-cell sequencing in 1 case. Mathematical modeling and mutational signature analysis indicated that early relapse resistance acquisition was frequently a 2-step process in which a persistent clone survived initial therapy and later acquired bona fide resistance mutations during therapy. In contrast, very early relapses arose from preexisting resistant clone(s). Two novel relapse-specific mutational signatures, one of which was caused by thiopurine treatment based on in vitro drug exposure experiments, were identified in early and late relapses but were absent from 2540 pan-cancer diagnosis samples and 129 non-ALL relapses. The novel signatures were detected in 27% of relapsed ALLs and were responsible for 46% of acquired resistance mutations in NT5C2, PRPS1, NR3C1, and TP53. These results suggest that chemotherapy-induced drug resistance mutations facilitate a subset of pediatric ALL relapses.

8.
Opt Express ; 27(19): 26940-26956, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674564

RESUMO

Stitching interferometry is performed by collecting interferometric data from overlapped sub-apertures and stitching these data together to provide a full surface map. The propagation of the systematic error in the measured subset data is one of the main error sources in stitching interferometry for accurate reconstruction of the surface topography. In this work, we propose, using the redundancy of the captured subset data, two types of two-dimensional (2D) self-calibration stitching algorithms to overcome this issue by in situ estimating the repeatable high-order additive systematic errors, especially for the application of measuring X-ray mirrors. The first algorithm, called CS short for "Calibrate, and then Stitch", calibrates the high-order terms of the reference by minimizing the de-tilted discrepancies of the overlapped subsets and then stitches the reference-subtracted subsets. The second algorithm, called SC short for "Stitch, and then Calibrate", stitches a temporarily result and then calibrates the reference from the de-tilted discrepancies of the measured subsets and the temporarily stitched result. In the implementation of 2D scans in x- and y-directions, step randomization is introduced to generate nonuniformly spaced subsets which can diminish the periodic stitching errors commonly observed in evenly spaced subsets. The regularization on low-order terms enables a highly flexible option to add the curvature and twist acquired by another system. Both numerical simulations and experiments are carried out to verify the proposed method. All the results indicate that 2D high-order repeatable additive systematic errors can be retrieved from the 2D redundant overlapped data in stitching interferometry.

9.
Int J Cancer ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693173

RESUMO

Little is known about the influence of prediagnosis and postdiagnosis smoking and smoking cessation on ovarian cancer survival. We investigated this relationship in two prospective cohort studies, the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII. Analyses included 1,279 women with confirmed invasive, Stage I-III epithelial ovarian cancer. We used Cox proportional hazards regression models to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for ovarian cancer-specific mortality by smoking status, adjusting for age and year of diagnosis, tumor stage, histologic subtype, body mass index and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory use (postdiagnosis models only). When examining prediagnosis smoking status (assessed a median of 12 months before diagnosis), risk of death was significantly increased for former smokers (HR = 1.19, 95% CI: 1.02-1.39), and suggestively for current smokers (HR = 1.21, 95% CI: 0.96-1.51) vs. never smokers. Longer smoking duration (≥20 years vs. never, HR = 1.23, 95% CI: 1.05-1.45) and higher pack-years (≥20 pack-years vs. never, HR = 1.28, 95% CI: 1.07-1.52) were also associated with worse outcome. With respect to postdiagnosis exposure, women who smoked ≥15 cigarettes per day after diagnosis (assessed a median of 11 months after diagnosis) had increased mortality compared to never smokers (HR = 2.34, 95% CI: 1.63-3.37). Those who continued smoking after diagnosis had 40% higher mortality (HR = 1.40, 95% CI: 1.05-1.87) compared to never smokers. Overall, our results suggest both prediagnosis and postdiagnosis smoking are associated with worse ovarian cancer outcomes.

10.
Clin Exp Med ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745677

RESUMO

To investigate the expression levels of fibroblast activation protein (FAP) in human osteosarcoma tissues and its possible correlations with clinical pathological characteristics of patients with osteosarcoma, and to explore the potential effects of FAP on progression and development of osteosarcoma. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay was initially performed to detect the expression levels of FAP in 66 tumor tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues. Patients were sequentially divided into two groups based on different expression levels of FAP. The correlations between the expression levels of FAP and the clinical pathological characteristics were investigated, and the role of FAP in proliferation, migration, and invasion of osteosarcoma cells was assessed via colony formation, MTT, wound healing, and transwell assays, respectively. The possible effects of FAP on tumor growth and metastasis were evaluated in vivo. We further attempted to reveal the underlying mechanism of FAP involved in tumor growth through bioinformatics and IHC assays. High expression levels of FAP were noted in human osteosarcoma tissues. It also was unveiled that FAP was significantly associated with the tumor size (P = 0.005*) and clinical stage (P = 0.017*). Our data further confirmed that knockdown of FAP remarkably blocked proliferation, migration, and invasion of osteosarcoma cells in vitro, and suppressed tumor growth and metastasis in mice via AKT signaling pathway. The possible role of FAP in progression and development of osteosarcoma could be figured out. Our data may be helpful to develop a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of osteosarcoma.

11.
Int J Cancer ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745972

RESUMO

The association between body mass index (BMI) and noncardia gastric cancer (NCGC) risk remains controversial. The purpose of our study was to examine the association of BMI with NCGC risk with consideration of Helicobacter pylori (HP) biomarkers. This international nested case-control study, composed of 1,591 incident NCGC cases and 1,953 matched controls, was established from eight cohorts in China, Japan and Korea, where the majority of NCGCs are diagnosed worldwide. HP antibody biomarkers were measured in blood collected at cohort enrollment by multiplex serology. The NCGC risk according to baseline BMI was estimated using logistic regression to produce odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). We found a U-shaped association between BMI category and NCGC risk. Compared to those with reference BMI (22.6-25.0 kg/m2 ), those with lower and higher BMI had an increased NCGC risk (BMI <18.5 kg/m2 , OR = 1.56, 95% CI = 1.04-2.34; BMI >27.5 kg/m2 , OR = 1.48, 95% CI = 1.15-1.91; adjusted for age, sex and smoking). The U-shaped association was persistent among subjects with HP infection and high-risk biomarkers (HP+ CagA+: BMI <18.5 kg/m2 , OR = 1.60, 95% CI = 1.00-2.55; BMI >27.5 kg/m2 , OR = 1.59, 95% CI = 1.21-2.11; and Omp+ HP0305+: BMI <18.5 kg/m2 , OR = 1.88, 95% CI = 1.04-3.42; BMI >27.5 kg/m2 , OR = 1.70, 95% CI = 1.20-2.42, respectively). Our study provides evidence of significantly increased NCGC risk among individuals with low or high BMI, including in subjects with high-risk HP biomarkers (HP+ CagA+, Omp+ HP0305+) in the high-risk area of East Asia.

12.
Front Genet ; 10: 878, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616472

RESUMO

Background: The morbidity and mortality of gastric cancer (GC) remain high worldwide. With the advent of the Human Genome Sequencing Project, circular RNAs (circRNAs) have attracted widespread attention in cancer research due to their stable ring structure. Our aim was to identify differentially expressed circRNAs in GC and explore their potential roles in GC diagnosis, treatment, and prognostic prediction. Methods: Large-scale gene screening was performed in three pairs of GC tissues and adjacent noncancerous tissues using high-throughput sequencing. The expression of hsa_circ_0001821 was detected in 80 pairs of tissue samples by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Stability of the ring structure of hsa_circ_0001821 RNA was verified by exonuclease digestion assay, and its diagnostic value was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. In addition, the location of hsa_circ_0001821 in GC cells was detected by nucleoplasm separation assay. Results: A total of 25,303 circRNAs were identified, among which 2,007 circRNAs were differentially expressed (fold change > 2.0, P < 0.05). Further validation disclosed that hsa_circ_0001821 was significantly downregulated in the 80 pairs of GC tissues and 30 whole-blood specimens obtained from the GC patients. The specificity of hsa_circ_0001821 in GC was higher than that in other solid tumors. In addition, hsa_circ_0001821 was relatively stable after RNA exonuclease digestion. Clinicopathological parameter analysis showed that hsa_circ_0001821 was negatively correlated with tumor depth (r = -0.255, P = 0.022) and lymph node metastasis (r = -0.235, P = 0.036). Area under the curve (AUC) analysis showed that the diagnostic efficiency of circulating hsa_circ_0001821 in distinguishing GC patients was higher than that in GC tissues (0.872, 95%CI: 0.767-0.977 vs. 0.792, 95%CI: 0.723-0.861). Combined use of circulating hsa_circ_0001821 with the existing tumor markers yielded the largest AUC of 0.933. Finally, hsa_circ_0001821 was demonstrated to mainly locate in the cytoplasm, implying that it played a potential regulatory role in GC at the posttranscriptional level. Conclusion: Hsa_circ_0001821 may prove to be a new and promising potential biomarker for GC diagnosis.

13.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 751, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Massive techniques have been evaluated for developing different pest control methods to minimize fertilizer and pesticide inputs. As "push-pull" strategy utilizes generally non-toxic chemicals to manipulate behaviors of insects, such strategy is considered to be environmentally friendly. "Push-pull" strategy has been extraordinarily effective in controlling stem borers, and the identification of new "pushing" or "pull" components against stem borers could be significantly helpful. RESULTS: In this study, the results of field trapping assay and behavioral assay showed the larvae of C.auricilius, one kind of stem borers, could be deterred by rice plant under tilling stage, its main host crop. The profiles of volatiles were compared between rice plants under two different developmental stages, and α-pinene was identified as a key differential component. The repelling activity of α-pinene against C.auricilius was confirmed by Y-tube olfactometer. For illuminating the olfactory recognition mechanism, transcriptome analysis was carried out, and 13 chemosensory proteins (CSPs) were identified in larvae and 19 CSPs were identified in adult of C.auriciliu, which was reported for the first time in this insect. Among these identified CSPs, 4 CSPs were significantly regulated by α-pinene treatment, and CSP8 showed good binding affinity with α-pinene in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, C.auricilius could be repelled by rice plant at tilling stage, and our results highlighted α-pinene as a key component in inducing repelling activity at this specific stage and confirmed the roles of some candidate chemosensory elements in this chemo-sensing process. The results in this study could provide valuable information for chemosensory mechanism of C.auricilius and for identification of "push" agent against rice stem borers.

14.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663116

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating disease. Strategies that enhance the intrinsic regenerative ability are very important for the recovery of SCI to radically prevent the occurrence of sensory disorders. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) showed a limited effect on the growth of primary sensory neuron neurites due to the degradation of phosphorylated-epidermal growth factor receptor (p-EGFR) in a manner dependent on Casitas B-lineage lymphoma (CBL) (an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase). MiR-22-3p predicted from four databases could target CBL to inhibit the expression of CBL, increase p-EGFR levels and neurites length via STAT3/GAP43 pathway rather than Erk1/2 axis. EGF, EGFR, and miR-22-3p were downregulated sharply after injury. In vivo miR-22-3p Agomir application could regulate CBL/p-EGFR/p-STAT3/GAP43/p-GAP43 axis, and restore spinal cord sensory conductive function. This study clarified the mechanism of the limited promotion effect of EGF on adult primary sensory neuron neurite and targeting miR-22-3p could be a novel strategy to treat sensory dysfunction after SCI.

15.
J Endocrinol ; 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454784

RESUMO

The composition and activity of the gut microbiota depend on the host genome, nutrition, and life-style. Exercise and sodium butyrate (NaB) exert metabolic benefits in both mice and humans. However, the underlying mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to examine the effect of exercise training and dietary supplementation of butyrate on the composition of gut microbiota and whether the altered gut microbiota can stimulate differential production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), which promote the expression of Sesn2 and CRTC2 to improve metabolic health and protect against obesity. C57BL/6J mice were used to study the effect of exercise and high-fat diet (HFD) with or without NaB on gut microbiota. Bacterial communities were assayed in fecal samples using pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons. Western blot was performed using relevant antibodies to detect the protein expressions in liver and HepG2 cell extracts. Exercise and butyrate administration significantly reversed metabolic dysfunctions induced by HFD (p < 0.05). The number of Firmicutes and the proportion of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes order were predominant in all HFD groups (p = 0.001). Exercise and butyrate supplementation significantly inhibited the relative abundance of lipopolysaccharide-producing phyla (p = 0.001). Sesn2 and CRTC2 expression in the liver of mice were significantly increased after exercise (p < 0.05) and/or supplementation of butyrate (p < 0.05). Exercise enhances butyrate-producing fecal bacteria and increases butyrate production and consequently improves lipid metabolism through the butyrate -Sesn2/CRTC2 pathway. Excess butyrate may reduce the proportion of probiotics and reverse the metabolic effects.

16.
J Spine Surg ; 5(2): 185-193, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31380471

RESUMO

Background: The goal of the current study was to compare the perioperative and post-operative outcomes of eXtreme lateral trans-psoas approach (XLIF) versus anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) for single level degenerative spondylolisthesis. The ideal approach for degenerative spondylolisthesis remains controversial. Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing single level XLIF (n=21) or ALIF (n=54) for L4-5 degenerative spondylolisthesis between 2008-2012 from a single academic center were retrospectively reviewed. Groups were compared for peri-operative data (estimated blood loss, operative time, adjunct procedures or additional implants), radiographic measurements (L1-S1 cobb angle, disc height, fusion grade, subsidence), 30-day complications (infection, DVT/PE, weakness/paresthesia, etc.), and patient reported outcomes (leg and back Numerical Rating Scale, and Oswestry Disability Index). Results: Estimated blood loss was significantly lower for XLIF [median 100; interquartile range (IQR), 50-100 mL] than for ALIF (median 250; IQR, 150-400 mL; P<0.001), including after adjusting for significantly higher rates of posterior decompression in the ALIF group. There were no significant differences in rates of complications within 30 days, radiographic outcomes, or in re-operation rates. Both groups experienced significant pain relief post-operatively. Conclusions: The lateral trans-psoas approach is associated with diminished blood loss compared to the anterior approach in the treatment of degenerative spondylolisthesis. We were unable to detect differences in radiographic outcomes, complication rates, or patient reported outcomes. Continued efforts to directly compare approaches for specific indications will minimize complications and improve outcomes. Further studies will continue to define indications for lateral versus anterior approach to lumbar spine for degenerative spondylolisthesis.

17.
Int J Biol Sci ; 15(7): 1557-1570, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337984

RESUMO

Sensory dysfunction post spinal cord injury causes patients great distress. Sciatic nerve conditioning injury (SNCI) has been shown to restore sensory function after spinal cord dorsal column injury (SDCL); however, the underlying mechanism of this recovery remains unclear. We performed a microarray assay to determine the associated miRNAs that might regulate the process of SNCI promoting SDCL repair. In total, 13 miRNAs were identified according to our inclusion criteria, and RT-qPCR was used to verify the microarray results. Among the 13 miRNAs, the miR-155-5p levels were decreased at 9 h, 3 d, 7 d, 14 d, 28 d, 2 m and 3 m timepoints in the SDCL group, while the SNCI group had a smaller decrease. Thus, miR-155-5p was chosen for further study after a literature review and an analysis with the TargetScan online tool. Specifically, miR-155-5p targets PKI-α, and the expression pattern of PKI-α was opposite that of miR-155-5p in both the SDCL and SNCI groups. Interestingly, miR-155-5p could promote dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neuron axon growth via the cAMP/PKA pathway and in a TNF-α, IL-1ß or MAG inhibitory microenvironment in vitro. Furthermore, miR-155-5p could regulate the cAMP/PKA pathway and promote sensory conduction function recovery post dorsal column injury as detected by NF-200 immunohistochemistry, somatosensory-evoked potentials, BBB scale and tape removal test. Collectively, our results demonstrated that miR-155-5p participates in the molecular mechanism by which SNCI promotes the repair of SDCL and that upregulated miR-155-5p can repair SDCL by enhancing DRG neuron axon growth via the cAMP/PKA pathway. These findings suggest a novel treatment target for spinal cord injury.

18.
Cancer Prev Res (Phila) ; 12(10): 667-674, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350279

RESUMO

Smoking is an established risk factor for gastric cancer development. In this study, we aimed to assess prospectively the association of smoking with gastric cancer risk in 1,446 non-cardia gastric cancer cases and 1,796 controls from China, Japan, and Korea with consideration of Helicobacter pylori infection as a potential effect modifier. Applying logistic regression models stratified by study and adjusted for age and sex we found that current, but not former, smoking was significantly associated with gastric cancer risk [OR = 1.33; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.07-1.65]. However, the association was significant only in H. pylori sero-positive individuals determined by 3 different sero-markers: overall sero-positivity, sero-positivity to the onco-protein CagA, and sero-positivity to the gastric cancer associated sero-marker HP0305 and HP1564. Specifically, a significant interaction was found when stratifying by HP0305/HP1564 (P interaction = 0.01) with a 46% increased risk of gastric cancer among HP0305/HP1564 sero-positive current smokers (95% CI, 1.10-1.93) as opposed to no increased gastric cancer risk among HP0305/HP1564 sero-negative current smokers (OR = 0.93; 95% CI, 0.65-1.33). We confirmed that current smoking is associated with an increased gastric cancer risk, however, only among individuals that are simultaneously sero-positive for the leading causal factor for gastric cancer, H. pylori.

19.
Gene ; 717: 143987, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362037

RESUMO

To improve the accuracy and genetic progress of blue fox breeding, the relationships between genetic polymorphisms and growth and reproductive traits of the blue fox were investigated. MC4R, MC3R, INHA and INHBA were selected as candidate genes for molecular evolution and statistical analyses. Single-factor variance analyses showed that the MC4R (g.267C > T, g.423C > T, and g.731C > A) and MC3R (g.677C > T) genotypes had significant impacts on body weight, chest circumference, abdominal perimeter and body mass index (BMI) (P < 0.05) in blue fox. The MC4R and MC3R combined genotypes had significant effects on the body weight and abdominal circumference. The different genotypes of INHA g.75G > A had significant effects on female fecundity, whereas the different genotypes of INHBA g.404G > T and g.467G > T and the INHA and INHBA combined genotypes had significant effects on male fecundity. The proteins encoded by the open reading frames (ORFs) of different polymorphic loci were predicted and analysed. The aims of this study were to identify genetic markers related to growth and reproduction in the blue fox and to provide an efficient, economical and accurate theoretical approach for auxiliary fox breeding.


Assuntos
Raposas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raposas/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Reprodução/genética , Animais , Tamanho Corporal/genética , Peso Corporal/genética , China , Evolução Molecular , Feminino , Raposas/fisiologia , Marcadores Genéticos , Subunidades beta de Inibinas/química , Subunidades beta de Inibinas/genética , Inibinas/química , Inibinas/genética , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Masculino , Mutação , Receptor Tipo 3 de Melanocortina/química , Receptor Tipo 3 de Melanocortina/genética , Receptor Tipo 4 de Melanocortina/química , Receptor Tipo 4 de Melanocortina/genética
20.
Opt Express ; 27(11): 15368-15381, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163734

RESUMO

Ion-beam figuring (IBF) is a precise surface finishing technique used for the production of ultra-precision optical surfaces. In this study, we propose an effective one-dimensional IBF (1D-IBF) method approaching sub-nanometer root mean square (RMS) convergence for flat and spherical mirrors. Our process contains three key aspects. First, to minimize the misalignment of the coordinate systems between the metrology and the IBF hardware, a mirror holder is used to integrate both the sample mirror and the beam removal function (BRF) mirror. In this way, the coordinate relationship can be calculated using the measured BRF center. Second, we propose a novel constrained linear least-squares (CLLS) dwell time calculation algorithm combined with a coarse-to-fine scheme to ensure that the resultant nonnegative dwell time closely and smoothly duplicates the required removal amount. Third, considering the possible errors induced by the translation stage, we propose a dwell time slicing strategy to divide the dwell time into smaller time slices. Experiments using our approaches are performed on flat and spherical mirrors as demonstrations. Measurement results from the nano-accuracy surface profiler (NSP) show that the residual profile errors are reduced to sub-nanometer RMS for both types of mirrors while the surface roughness is not affected by the figuring process, demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed 1D-IBF method for 1D high-precision optics fabrication.

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