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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 858(Pt 2): 159890, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334679

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fine particulate matter (PM2.5), smoking, and genetic factors are associated with lung cancer. However, the relationship between PM2.5, smoking and subtypes of lung cancer remains unclear. Moreover, it is unclear whether genetic risk modifies the impact of PM2.5 and smoking on incident lung cancer. METHODS: A total of 298,069 participants from the UK Biobank study without lung cancer at baseline were included in this study. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using multivariable Cox proportional models for the association of lung cancer and its subtypes with PM2.5, smoking, and genetic risk. Potential gene-smoking or gene-PM2.5 interactions were also estimated. We further estimated population attributable fractions for incident lung cancer. RESULTS: During 10.4 years of follow-up, 1683 incident lung cancer cases were identified. Our analysis found that genetic variants, smoking, and PM2.5 were significantly associated with incident lung cancer. For different histological types of lung cancer, the HRs for squamous cell lung carcinoma associated with PM2.5 (per 5 µg/m3 increment) and current smoking were 2.76 (95 % CI: 1.72, 4.42, p < 0.001) and 48.64 (95 % CI: 27.96, 84.61, p < 0.001), while the HRs for lung adenocarcinoma were 1.59 (95 % CI: 1.13, 2.23, p < 0.001) and 9.89 (95 % CI: 7.91, 12.36, p < 0.001), respectively. We further found that participants with high levels of PM2.5 pollution and high genetic risk had the highest risk of incident lung cancer (HR = 1.81, 95 % CI: 1.39, 2.35, p < 0.001), while the interaction between PM2.5 and genetic risk was not statistically significant. We observed that the population attributable fractions of lung cancer attributable to current smoking and high PM2.5 exposure were estimated to be 67.45 % and 17.59 %. CONCLUSION: Genetic susceptibility, smoking, and PM2.5 are important risk factors for lung cancer. Both smoking and PM2.5 are more closely associated with an elevated risk of squamous cell lung cancer.

2.
J Affect Disord ; 322: 2-8, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study explored the differences in nightmare, insomnia, depression, anxiety, and cognitive deficits among adolescents and the chain mediating effects of insomnia, depression, and anxiety on the relationship between nightmares and cognitive deficits in adolescents. METHODS: An online survey was used to collect demographic data of 6014 adolescents and assess nightmare, insomnia, depression, anxiety, and cognitive deficits using the Chinese Version of Nightmare Distress Questionnaire, Insomnia Severity Index, Patient Health Questionnaire 9, Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7, and Perceived Deficits Questionnaire-Depression. Spearman correlation analysis and the SPSS function "PROCESS macro" were used for correlation and mediation analyses, respectively. RESULTS: Female adolescents, senior high school, and poor academic performance had higher nightmare, insomnia, and cognitive deficit scores; those living in the city had higher depression and anxiety scores. Cognitive deficits were positively correlated with nightmares, insomnia, depression, and anxiety. Further, insomnia, depression, and anxiety had a chain mediating effect between nightmares and cognitive deficits in adolescents. Nightmares indirectly affect cognition deficits by affecting insomnia and then depression and anxiety symptoms. LIMITATIONS: As this was a cross-sectional study, the causal relationship between the variables could not be determined. Moreover, reporting bias and volunteer bias might be present. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that clinicians should identify adolescents with frequent nightmares early and provide timely treatment to minimize negative outcomes and possibly limit the chronicity of nightmare disorder. It is significant to maintain the physical and mental health development of adolescents to reduce the risk of insomnia, depression, anxiety, and cognitive deficits.

3.
J Affect Disord ; 322: 76-83, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recent studies show that oxidative stress is related to the pathogenesis of BD. Non-enzymatic antioxidants, macro-minerals and MHR (monocyte divided by high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) participated oxidative stress and can be obtained quickly in hematological examination. This study used large-scale clinical data to investigate them between BD and healthy controls (HCs), as well as between psychotic and non-psychotic BD to explore their roles in disease progression. METHODS: A total of 3442 BD-manic (BD-M) and 1405 BD-depression (BD-D) in acute stage and 5000 HCs were enrolled, including 1592 BD-M with psychotic symptoms (P-BD-M), 1850 BD-M without psychotic symptoms (NP-BD-M), 655 P-BD-D, 750 NP-BD-D. The differences in these biological parameter levels among different groups were compared, and the contributing factors for the occurrence of BD-M or BD-D and psychotic symptoms of BD were analyzed. RESULTS: We found higher levels of Na and MHR, and lower levels of K, Ca and ALB in BD-M or BD-D compared with the HCs respectively; levels of K, Na, Ca, ALB and MHR have differences among P-BD-M, NP-BD-M and HC; levels of K, Na, Ca and ALB have differences among P-BD-D, NP-BD-D and HC. In multiple logistic regression, higher levels of MHR and Na were associated with BD-M; MHR was shown to be independently associated with P-BD-M; K, Na, ALB were shown to be independently associated with P-BD-D. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights the role of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of BD. There is heterogeneity between BD-M and BD-D, and different oxidative stress mechanisms of psychotic symptoms exist in BD-M and BD-D.

4.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 113(Pt A): 109384, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is among the commonest cancer and is high in incidence. Besides, glycolysis has been proven to be a promoter in cancer progression. But the research related to glycolysis concentrates on tumor cells, and few are about macrophages. Dectin3 is a C-type Lectin receptor (CLR), expressed by myeloid lineage cells such as monocytes/macrophages, which can recognize pathogens and modulate immunity. We speculate that Dectin3 is involved in HCC by regulating the glycolysis in macrophages, which is meaningful. METHODS: Wild-type (WT) mice and Dectin3-/- mice were used to establish a mouse model of HCC and the progression of HCC was evaluated. Primary tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) were isolated from tumor tissues and the level of glycolysis was assessed. WT and Dectin3-/- tumor-bearing mice were treated with glycolysis inhibitors and the tumor progression was assessed. Culture supernatant derived from H22 cells was used to stimulate bone-marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs). The level of glycolysis in BMDMs was subsequently detected. H22 cells and BMDMs were co-cultured and then the proliferation and apoptosis of H22 cells were evaluated. RESULTS: Compared with WT mice, tumor volume of Dectin3-/- mice increased, and the proportion of macrophages in tumor tissues increased, while the proportions of CD4+ and CD8+T cells decreased. Besides, the splenomegaly of Dectin3-/- mice was more serious. The level of glycolysis in macrophages of Dectin3-/- tumor-bearing mice was significantly up-regulated. After glycolysis inhibitor treatment, cancer progression of Dectin3-/- tumor-bearing mice slowed down, and the difference between WT mice and Dectin3-/- mice was significantly down-regulated. In addition, Dectin3 deficiency macrophages significantly promoted H22 cell proliferation and inhibited H22 cell apoptosis. CONCLUSION: Dectin3 can protect against HCC. Dectin3 contributes to the apoptosis of tumor cells and inhibits the proliferation of tumor cells by regulating the glycolysis of macrophages.

5.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(21): 1173, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36467335

RESUMO

Background: Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) short nucleolar RNA host gene 15 (SNHG15) has been found to have an oncogenic function in numerous malignancies. Nevertheless, the biological function and regulatory mechanisms of SNHG15 in breast cancer have not been fully elucidated. Methods: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of SNHG15 and in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. The expression of SNHG15 was silenced using small interfering RNA (siRNA) technology. The proliferation and migration of the cells were examined by colony formation assays, cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) assays, and transwell assays. For the zebrafish xenograft injection experiments, cultured cells labelled with the fluorescent dye CM-DiI were injected into the perivitelline space of the larvae. Results: This present study revealed that the expression of lncRNA SNHG15 (lnc-SNHG15) was significantly upregulated in breast cancer cells, and its overexpression was associated with the tumor. The relative expression of lnc-SNHG15 could be downregulated using siRNAs, and silencing lnc-SNHG15 inhibited the proliferation and the migration of MDA-MB-231 cells. In vivo experiments using the zebrafish xenograft model showed similar results. Mechanistically, the knockdown effect of lnc-SNHG15 could be restored by inhibiting the expression of the miR-345-5p, confirming the negative regulation between lnc-SNHG15 and miR-345-5p. Interestingly, cisplatin treatment combined with SNHG15 knockdown effectively inhibited MDA-MB-231 cell proliferation and migration in the zebrafish xenograft compared to negative controls. Conclusions: In conclusion, lnc-SNHG15 knockdown increased miR-345-5p expression and negated cisplatin resistance in breast cancer cells, and thus, lnc-SNHG15 may be a potential novel target for breast cancer therapy.

6.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 113(Pt B): 109430, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384075

RESUMO

Our previous studies showed that Candida tropicalis promoted colorectal cancer (CRC) by activating the function of MDSCs. However, underlying molecular mechanisms remains to be further investigated. In the present study, we indicated that C. tropicalis induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation through Dectin-3 in myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). Mechanistically, we identified that C. tropicalis significantly enhanced the levels of glycolysis dependent on glycogen metabolism in MDSCs, which was required for NLRP3 inflammasome activation. C. tropicalis-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation of MDSCs required the first priming signal and the second activation signal. For one thing, C. tropicalis promoted transcription of Nlrp3, Pro-caspase-1 and IL-1ß genes through activation of JAK-STAT1 signaling pathway. For another, mtROS as the second activation signal mediated C. tropicalis-induced activation of NLRP3 inflammasome. Pharmacological inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome activation abolished the pro-tumorigenic effect of C. tropicalis in an AOM/DSS-induced CAC mice model and significantly reduced C. tropicalis-promoted infiltration of MDSCs in colon tumors. Finally, in human CRC samples, the expression of STAT1, p-STAT1 and NLRP3 was elevated in MDSCs infiltrated by CRC. Collectively, these findings shed light on a previously unidentified mechanism by which C. tropicalis induces NLRP3 inflammasome activation in MDSCs to contribute to the progression of CRC. And STAT1-NLRP3 axis might represent a prospective therapeutic target for the treatment of CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Células Supressoras Mieloides , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Candida tropicalis , Inflamassomos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Carcinogênese , Glicólise , Transdução de Sinais , Glicogênio , Fator de Transcrição STAT1
7.
EBioMedicine ; 86: 104364, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study, based on multicentre cohorts, aims to utilize computed tomography (CT) images to construct a deep learning model for predicting major pathological response (MPR) to neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and further explore the biological basis under its prediction. METHODS: 274 patients undergoing curative surgery after neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy for NSCLC at 4 centres from January 2019 to December 2021 were included and divided into a training cohort, an internal validation cohort, and an external validation cohort. ShuffleNetV2x05-based features of the primary tumour on the CT scans within the 2 weeks preceding neoadjuvant administration were employed to develop a deep learning score for distinguishing MPR and non-MPR. To reveal the underlying biological basis of the deep learning score, a genetic analysis was conducted based on 25 patients with RNA-sequencing data. FINDINGS: MPR was achieved in 54.0% (n = 148) patients. The area under the curve (AUC) of the deep learning score to predict MPR was 0.73 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.58-0.86) and 0.72 (95% CI: 0.58-0.85) in the internal validation and external validation cohorts, respectively. After integrating the clinical characteristic into the deep learning score, the combined model achieved satisfactory performance in the internal validation (AUC: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.64-0.89) and external validation cohorts (AUC: 0.75, 95% CI: 0.62-0.87). In the biological basis exploration for the deep learning score, a high deep learning score was associated with the downregulation of pathways mediating tumour proliferation and the promotion of antitumour immune cell infiltration in the microenvironment. INTERPRETATION: The proposed deep learning model could effectively predict MPR in NSCLC patients treated with neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy. FUNDING: This study was supported by National Key Research and Development Program of China, China (2017YFA0205200); National Natural Science Foundation of China, China (91959126, 82022036, 91959130, 81971776, 81771924, 6202790004, 81930053, 9195910169, 62176013, 8210071009); Beijing Natural Science Foundation, China (L182061); Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China (XDB38040200); Chinese Academy of Sciences, China (GJJSTD20170004, QYZDJ-SSW-JSC005); Shanghai Hospital Development Center, China (SHDC2020CR3047B); and Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality, China (21YF1438200).

8.
Molecules ; 27(22)2022 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36431923

RESUMO

A highly chemoselective conversion of α,ß-disubstituted nitroalkenes to ketones is developed. An acid-compatible iridium catalyst serves as the key to the conversion. At a 2500 S/C ratio, nitroalkenes were readily converted to ketones in up to 72% isolated yields. A new mechanistic mode involving the reduction of nitroalkene to nitrosoalkene and N-alkenyl hydroxylamine is proposed. This conversion is ready to amplify to a gram-scale synthesis. The pH value plays an indispensable role in controlling the chemoselectivity.


Assuntos
Irídio , Cetonas , Humanos , Alcenos , Nitrocompostos , Translocação Genética , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
9.
ACS Chem Biol ; 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36373602

RESUMO

Microviridins are a class of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides originally discovered from cyanobacteria, featured by intramolecular ω-ester and ω-amide bonds catalyzed by two ATP-grasp ligases. In this study, 104 biosynthetic gene clusters of microviridins from Bacteroidetes were bioinformatically analyzed, which unveiled unique features of precursor peptides. The analysis of core peptides revealed a microviridin-like biosynthetic gene cluster from Chitinophagia japonensis DSM13484 consisting of two potential precursors ChiA1 and ChiA2. Unexpectedly, the core peptide sequence of ChiA1 is consistent with the backbone of the elastase-inhibiting peptide FR901451, while ChiA2 is likely to be a precursor of an unknown product. However, an unusual C-terminal follower cleavage compared to the previously known microviridin pathways was observed and found to be dispensable for other modifications. To confirm the biosynthetic origin of FR901451, ATP-grasp ligases ChiC and ChiB were biochemically characterized to be responsible for the intramolecular ester and amide bond formation, respectively. In vitro reconstitution of the pathway showed the three-fold dehydrations of ChiA1 while unusual four-fold dehydrations were observed for ChiA2. Furthermore, in vivo gene coexpression facilitated the production of chitinoviridin A1 (FR901451) and two novel microviridin-class compounds chitinoviridin A2A and chitinoviridin A2B, with an extra macrolactone ring. All of these peptides showed potent inhibitory effects against elastase and chymotrypsin independently.

10.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19494, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376478

RESUMO

Childhood is a unique phase in human life history, in which newborns are breastfed and weaned, and are progressively familiarized to adult diets. By investigating dietary changes from infancy to adolescence, valuable information regarding past cultural behaviors and aspects of human lives can be explored and elucidated. Here, in conjunction with published isotopic results of serial dentine (n = 21) from Yingpan Man, new δ13C and δ15N results are obtained from 172 samples of incremental dentine from 8 teeth of 8 individuals of the Yingpan cemetery, located in Xinjiang, China. The δ13C values range from - 18.2 to - 14.6‰ with a mean ± SD value of - 16.3 ± 0.9‰, and the δ15N results range between 13.4 and 19.9‰ with a mean ± SD value of 16.0 ± 1.4‰. This indicates that the childhood diets were mixtures of C3 and C4 dietary resources and were clearly influenced by breastfeeding and weaning practices. In particular, the findings indicate that there were significant inter-individual differences in terms of the timing and duration of breastfeeding and weaning practices as well as childhood dietary practices at Yingpan. For instance, three individuals were exclusively breastfed after birth, while, two individuals and Yingpan Man were not. In addition, the post-weaning diets of most Yingpan individuals were relatively stable, but one individual and Yingpan Man displayed clear evidence of increased consumption of C4 foods, likely millet, during late and post-weaning periods. Further, 7 individuals had unique dietary changes between 9 to 14 years old. Potential factors related to this are presented from the perspective of changes in social roles that might be caused by their early participation in the social division of labor or puberty and marriage.


Assuntos
Antropologia Física , Seda , Humanos , Adulto , Recém-Nascido , Adolescente , Masculino , Feminino , Gravidez , Criança , Isótopos de Nitrogênio/análise , Isótopos de Carbono/análise , Dieta , Puberdade , Grão Comestível/química , Dentina/química
11.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36369382

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prior studies have suggested that maternal corticosteroids exposure during the first trimester may be associated with an increased risk of congenital heart defects (CHDs) in offspring. However, the findings are discrepant. Moreover, a complete overview of the existing data in the literature is lacking. Our objective was to identify whether such an association exists. METHODS AND RESULTS: Relevant studies were identified via searching PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Chinese databases, and the Cochrane Library databases (search date July 15, 2021) and through checking the reference lists of retrieved articles. The overall pooled risk estimate was calculated using random-effect models. We used the GRADE approach to assess the overall strength of the evidence and the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale to assess study quality. Subgroup analyses were performed to evaluate the association within studies or samples with different characteristics. Sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the robustness of the results. Nine studies involving 1,901,599 participants were included in the final analysis. All studies were evaluated as high quality. In the meta-analysis, no statistically significant association was found between maternal corticosteroids exposure during the first trimester and increased risk of CHDs in offspring (OR = 1.06, 95% CI: 1.00-1.13, P = 0.06, low certainty of evidence). Additionally, we also did not find significant differences in subgroup analyses of corticosteroids exposure patterns, including oral corticosteroids exposure (OR = 1.23, 95% CI: 1.00-1.52), ointment corticosteroids exposure (OR = 1.03, 95% CI: 0.90-1.19), inhalation corticosteroids exposure (OR = 1.06, 95% CI: 0.96-1.17), topical corticosteroids or systemic corticosteroids exposure (OR = 0.95, 95% CI: 0.79-1.15), and nasal corticosteroids exposure (OR = 1.12, 95% CI: 0.80-1.57). CONCLUSIONS: Our study does not find an association between maternal corticosteroids exposure during the first trimester and offspring CHDs. However, the existing evidence is of low quality; thus, long-term prospective cohort studies are warranted to verify the safety of corticosteroids in this population, with adequate adjustments for confounding variables.

12.
Qual Life Res ; 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36441384

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to translate, cross-culturally adapt, and preliminarily test the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Orbach & Mikulincer Mental Pain Scale (OMMP). METHODS: Psychometric investigation was performed on 240 depressed patients. The reliability of the Chinese version of the OMMP scale was expressed by internal consistency reliability and test-retest reliability (2-week interval), and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) on the 8-factor, 31-item OMMP was conducted to examine the construct validity. RESULTS: The CFA showed that the modified model with 31 items had good reliability (Cronbach's α range = 0.691-0.871; ICC = 0.818). Criterion-related validity was also supported by significant and positive correlations between the eight factors and worst-ever suicidal ideation as well as depressive symptoms. CONCLUSION: The results indicated the usefulness of the OMMP-31 for Chinese depressed patients. It is necessary to estimate psychological pain to improve suicide management in the clinical setting.

13.
Eur J Neurosci ; 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36440503

RESUMO

Sevoflurane is a widely used general anesthetic in pediatric patients. Although repeated sevoflurane exposure is known to cause neurodevelopmental disorders in children, the mechanism of this neurotoxicity remains largely unknown. Herein, we investigated the role of glutamate transporter 1(GLT1) in sevoflurane-induced decreased neurogenesis. Neonatal rat pups (postnatal day 7, PN7) were exposed to 3% sevoflurane for two hours for three consecutive days. Neuron loss and decreased neurogenesis have been observed in the neonatal rat brain, along with decreased number of astrocytes. Apoptotic astrocytes were observed after repeated sevoflurane exposure in vitro, resulting in decreased levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Calcium overload was observed in astrocytes after repeated sevoflurane exposure, in addition to upregulation of GLT1. Inhibition of GLT1 activity ameliorates repeated sevoflurane exposure-induced cognitive deficits in adult rats. Mechanically, the upregulation of GLT1 was caused by the activation of mRNA translation. RNA-sequencing analysis further confirmed that translation-related genes were activated by repeated sevoflurane exposure. These results indicate that cognitive deficits caused by repeated sevoflurane exposure during PN7-9 are triggered decreased neurogenesis. The proposed underlying mechanism involves upregulation of apoptosis in astrocytes induced by GLT1, therefore, we propose GLT1 as a potential pharmacological target for brain injury in pediatric practice.

14.
Semin Cell Dev Biol ; 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411157

RESUMO

Recent studies report that stem cell therapies have been applied successfully to patients, This has increased anticipations that this regeneration strategy could be a potential method to treat a wide range of intractable diseases some day. Stem cells offer new prospects for the treatment of incurable diseases and for tissue regeneration and repairation because of their unique biological properties. Angiogenesis a key process in tissue regeneration and repairation. Vascularization of organs is one of the main challenges hindering the clinical application of engineered tissues. Efficient production of engineered vascular grafts and vascularized organs is of critical importance for regenerative medicine. In this review, we focus on the types of stem cells that are widely used in tissue engineering and regeneration, as well as their application of these stem cells in the construction of tissue-engineered vascular grafts and vascularization of tissue-engineered organs.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36418850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The impact of individual patient variables on drug metabolism is particularly important for antiseizure medication, and lacosamide has not been studied in Chinese pediatric patients with epilepsy. This study evaluated the effects of dose, age, sex, medication time, seizure type, and concomitant enzyme-inducing antiseizure medications (EIASMs) on the plasma concentration of lacosamide. METHODS: A total of 500 pediatric patients from two hospitals in China were enrolled in this study. Lacosamide plasma concentration was processed using an ultra-performance liquid chromatography assay. Efficacy was evaluated based on the four-grade therapeutic effect criteria developed by the first National Epilepsy Academic Conference of the Chinese Medical Association. RESULTS: The responder rate to lacosamide therapy was 72.2% (361/500). There was a weaker relationship between the lacosamide daily dose and lacosamide plasma concentration (r = 0.238). Lacosamide plasma concentrations of patients ranged from 1.5 to 19.7 µg/mL, with a mean of 6.9 ± 3.2 µg/mL. The study results showed a significant contribution of age, body mass index, epilepsy duration, medication time, and EIASMs to the lacosamide plasma concentration (p < 0.05). Patients taking concomitant EIASMs with lacosamide had a significantly lower mean lacosamide plasma concentration (5.9 ± 2.6 µg/mL) than patients taking concomitant non-EIASMs (7.5 ± 3.5 µg/mL, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: To ensure the clinical efficacy and safety of lacosamide therapy in pediatric patients, it is necessary to monitor the plasma concentration.

17.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36422664

RESUMO

A novel type of PEG-modified halloysite was prepared and used as a hydrophilic interaction and cation exchange mixed-mode sorbent for solid-phase extraction of biogenic amines in fish samples. The eluates were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detection after the derivatization with benzoyl chloride. The developed sorbent was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, zeta potential analyzer, and thermo-gravimetric analysis. After the optimization of various parameters influencing the extraction efficiency, the PEG-modified halloysite-based SPE method was evaluated. The adsorption capacities of putrescine, spermine, phenethylamine, and histamine were as high as 9.3, 8.5, 5.7, and 5.6 mg g-1, respectively. Satisfactory reproducibility of sorbent preparation was obtained with within-batch and batch-to-batch relative standard deviations (RSDs) lower than 3.9% and 8.6%, respectively. The biogenic amine spiking recoveries in fish samples ranged from 84.3 to 105.5% with good RSDs lower than 7.8%. Intra-day and inter-day precision, expressed as RSDs, were better than 8.8%. The limits of detection of histamine, putrescine, phenethylamine, and spermine were 9.4, 1.9, 0.5, and 0.9 µg L-1, respectively. This work provides a new hydrophilic interaction and cation exchange mixed-mode sorbent and is successfully applied to the extraction of trace biogenic amines from fish samples.

18.
Nanoscale Adv ; 4(20): 4314-4320, 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36321143

RESUMO

Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) have garnered considerable attention as an emerging energy harvesting technology. To improve the electrical properties of the triboelectric materials in TENGs, various micro- and nanomaterials with strong charge-trapping capabilities are introduced as filler materials. However, the fillers generally perform a single function and lack long-term operational durability. Hence, further research is required to achieve stable and efficient TENGs. In this study, NH2 metal-organic frameworks (NH2-MOFs) were combined with a cellulose nanofiber (CNF) to prepare a composite film. NH2-MOFs have an aminated bimetallic organic backbone with strong charge-induction and charge-trapping capabilities. Thus, their addition significantly improved the stability, positive triboelectric properties and charge-trapping performance of the composite film. The optimized composite film and a fluorinated ethylene propylene film were used as triboelectric pairs to assemble a TENG. The electrical performance of the TENG was approximately 230% greater than that of a TENG with a pure CNF film and remained very stable for at least 90 days. These results demonstrate that NH2-MOFs are promising fillers for improving the performance of TENGs and expanding the range of materials used in TENG construction.

19.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 931431, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329847

RESUMO

Objective: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory joint disease, which is associated with progressive disability, systemic complications, and early death. But its etiology and pathogenesis are not fully understood. We aimed to investigate the alterations in plasma metabolite profiles, gut bacteria, and fungi and their role of them in the pathogenesis of RA. Methods: Metabolomics profiling of plasma from 363 participants including RA (n = 244), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, n = 50), and healthy control (HC, n = 69) were performed using the ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The differentially expressed metabolites were selected among groups and used to explore important metabolic pathways. Gut microbial diversity analysis was performed by 16S rRNA sequencing and ITS sequencing (RA = 195, HC = 269), and the specific microbial floras were identified afterward. The diagnosis models were established based on significant differential metabolites and microbial floras, respectively. Results: There were 63 differential metabolites discovered between RA and HC groups, mainly significantly enriched in the arginine and proline metabolism, glycine, serine, and threonine metabolism, and glycerophospholipid metabolism between RA and HC groups. The core differential metabolites included L-arginine, creatine, D-proline, ornithine, choline, betaine, L-threonine, LysoPC (18:0), phosphorylcholine, and glycerophosphocholine. The L-arginine and phosphorylcholine were increased in the RA group. The AUC of the predictive model was 0.992, based on the combination of the 10 differential metabolites. Compared with the SLE group, 23 metabolites increased and 61 metabolites decreased in the RA group. However, no significant metabolic pathways were enriched between RA and SLE groups. On the genus level, a total of 117 differential bacteria genera and 531 differential fungal genera were identified between RA and HC groups. The results indicated that three bacteria genera (Eubacterium_hallii_group, Escherichia-Shigella, Streptococcus) and two fungal genera (Candida and Debaryomyces) significantly increased in RA patients. The AUC was 0.80 based on a combination of six differential bacterial genera and the AUC was 0.812 based on a combination of seven differential fungal genera. Functional predictive analysis displayed that differential bacterial and differential fungus both were associated with KEGG pathways involving superpathway of L-serine and glycine biosynthesis I, arginine, ornithine, and proline interconversion. Conclusion: The plasma metabolism profile and gut microbe profile changed markedly in RA. The glycine, serine, and threonine metabolism and arginine and proline metabolism played an important role in RA.

20.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1003013, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36339212

RESUMO

Background: Angiostrongylus eosinophilic meningitis (AEM) is a rare yet emerging disease caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection. Its atypical symptoms may delay the diagnosis and cause fatal outcomes, especially in the early stages of infection and among children. Case presentation: Here we reported the use of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) to facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of an 8-year-old boy with severe A. cantonensis infection. The mNGS tests consistently identified the infection of A. cantonensis prior to the detection by the immunologic method and confirmed it as AEM. Owing to the multidisciplinary team (MDT)-administrated treatments and close disease monitoring based on regular clinical tests and sequential mNGS tests, the patients eventually fully recovered from severe infectious conditions. Conclusion: This case demonstrated the advantages of mNGS for early diagnosis of AEM in pediatric patients, highlighting its application for pan-pathogen detection, as well as disease monitoring for severe A. cantonensis infection.


Assuntos
Angiostrongylus cantonensis , Angiostrongylus , Eosinofilia , Meningite , Animais , Masculino , Humanos , Criança , Angiostrongylus cantonensis/genética , Eosinofilia/diagnóstico , Meningite/diagnóstico , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala
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