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1.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 862-867, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622607

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the predictive value of using cystatin c-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR-CysC) in assessing the prognosis of hepatitis B virus-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) patients treated with artificial liver support system (ALSS). Methods: A total of 364 HBV-ACLF inpatients treated with ALSS at our hospital were enrolled retrospectively in the study. The patients were divided into the survival group ( n=269) and non-survival group ( n=95) according to mortality within 28 d, and their clinical information and laboratory data were analyzed for assessing short-term prognostic values. Results: Multivariate Cox regression analysis identified eGFR-CysC as one of the independent risk factors associated with mortality within 28 days in HBV-ACLF patients (the hazard ratio=0.987; 95% confidence interval, 0.979-0.996, P=0.003). In addition, baseline eGFR-CysC was negatively correlated with the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score ( r=-0.439, P<0.001), MELD plus sodium (MELD-Na) score ( r=-0.481, P<0.001) and Chronic Liver Failure Consortium ACLF (CLIF-C ACLF) score ( r=-0.340, P<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed area under the curve ( AUC) of eGFR-CysC were 0.639, 0.697, 0.716, 0.749 and the best cut-off value were 70.620, 67.525, 61.725, 64.685 mL/(min·1.73 m 2), respectively, for baseline value and the first, second, and third treatment with ALSS. Conclusion: eGFR-CysC could be used to assist clinical assessment of short-term mortality in HBV-ACLF patients treated with ALSS, and has better clinical application value for dynamic monitoring.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada , Doença Hepática Terminal , Fígado Artificial , Cistatina C , Doença Hepática Terminal/complicações , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Vírus da Hepatite B , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
2.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carbadox and olaquindox have been banned from feeds by European Union because of their mutagenic, photoallergic, and carcinogenic effects since 1998. Unfortunately, due to their outstanding effect, they are frequently abused or misused in animal husbandry. There is an urgent need to develop a sensitive and reliable method for monitoring these drugs in animal feeds. RESULTS: This work reported a new method of hydrophilic interaction-based magnetically assisted matrix solid-phase dispersion extraction (MMSPD) coupled with reversed-phase liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry for simultaneous determination of carbadox and olaquindox in animal feeds. 3-Trimethoxysilylpropyl methacrylate (γ-MAPS)-modified attapulgite (ATP) was crosslinked with γ-MAPS-modified Fe3 O4 , 1-vinyl-3-(butyl-4-sulfonate) imidazolium (VBSIm), acrylamide (AM) and N,N'-methylene-bis(acrylamide) (MBA) to synthesize ATP@Fe3 O4 @poly(VBSIm-AM-MBA) particles. The resultant particles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectrometer, transmission electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometer, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Crosslinking of ATP into the magnetic particles has significantly increased the adsorption capacity of the particles. Under optimum conditions, the limits of detection (S/N = 3) were 0.3 and 0.9 µg kg-1 for carbadox and olaquindox, respectively. The intra-day and inter-day recoveries of the spiked targets in feed samples were in the range of 83.5-98.3% with relative standard deviations of 1.0-8.3%. CONCLUSION: With a simplified procedure and a low amount of sample, the proposed hydrophilic interaction-based MMSPD method is not only useful for the determination of carbadox and olaquindox in feeds but also holds great promise for the analysis of other polar targets in solid or semisolid matrices. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607335

RESUMO

Excellent and unique diastereoselectivity is observed in the iridium-catalyzed deoxygenation of tertiary cyclohexanols and cyclopentanols. The substituent effect on the diastereoselectivity and detailed control models are analyzed case by case, using tertiary monocyclic and polycyclic cyclohexanols, bicyclic bridged cycloalkanols, and cyclopentanols as the model substrates. The selectivity is decided by the steric environment of the carbocation intermediates and is independent of the catalyst loading. Stereoelectronically, the iridium hydride approaches the carbocation in directions perpendicular to the carbocation plane. The sterically large iridium hydride delivers its hydride in the sterically least hindered direction to the carbocation. The deoxygenation has found important applications in the stereospecific arylations of sterically complex compounds. Our deoxygenation is stereochemically very different from the coupling reactions and can be used to specifically synthesize stereoisomers that are not available via cross-couplings.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595668

RESUMO

In this study, we expressed rAvBD1-2-6-13 protein through Lactococcus lactis NZ3900, and the effects of the recombinant L. lactis NZ3900 as an immune enhancer and immune adjuvant were verified using in vivo and in vitro tests. In vitro tests revealed that recombinant L. lactis NZ3900 significantly activated the NF-κB signaling pathway and IRF signaling pathway in J774-Dual™ report cells and significantly increased the transcript levels of IL-10, IL-12p70, CD80, and CD86 in chicken PBMCs and chicken HD11 cells. In vivo experiments revealed that the immunized group supplemented with recombinant L. lactis NZ3900 as an adjuvant had significantly higher serum antibody titers and higher proliferative activity of PBMCs in the blood of the chickens immunized with NDV live and inactivated vaccines. Our study shows that the recombinant L. lactis NZ3900 has strong immunomodulatory activity both in vivo and in vitro and is a potential immune enhancer. Our work lays the foundation for the research and development of new animal immune enhancers for application in the poultry industry.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632533

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Long noncoding RNAs (LncRNAs) play a pivotal role in gastric tumorigenesis, while exosomes facilitate the LncRNAs transferring to recipient cells. However, the roles of exosomal LncRNAs in gastric premalignant lesions (GPL) remain unclear. METHODS: We analyzed the expression of LncHOXA10 and its role in GPL progression. The protective effect of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) on GPL was explored in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: Here, we found that LncHOXA10 expression was obviously increased in serum exosomes and gastric tissues from individuals with GPL, and exosomal LncHOXA10 from patients with GPL markedly promoted the malignant progression of human gastric epithelial cell line GES-1. Furthermore, RNA-pulldown assay revealed that LncHOXA10 mainly interacted with pyruvate carboxylase (PC), an essential enzyme in various cellular metabolic pathways. In gastric tissues from patients with GPL and gastric cancer (GC), PC was also upregulated and positively correlated with LncHOXA10 expression, which predicted a poor prognosis as well. Moreover, PC silencing attenuated the malignant effects of exosomal LncHOXA10 on GES-1 cells. ATRA also ameliorated the deterioration of GPL and prevented the malignant progression of GPL by reducing exosomal LncHOXA10 and PC expression. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, the LncHOXA10-PC axis participated in the early stage of GC tumorigenesis, and ATRA might be useful to prevent GPL from developing into GC because it targets this axis.

6.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(11): 375, 2021 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635945

RESUMO

A novel kind of chiral open-tubular (OT) column was established with homochiral zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 nanomaterials using L-histidine as the chiral carbon center (L-His-ZIF-8). The morphologies of L-His-ZIF-8 nanoparticles and chiral OT column were characterized by scanning electron microscopy. The effects of L-His-ZIF-8 concentrations, pH values, and concentrations of the running buffer on the resolution of the selected chiral compounds were investigated based on miniaturized capillary electrochromatography with amperometric detection system (mini-CEC-AD), respectively. The separation performances of the prepared L-His-ZIF-8@OT chiral columns were explored under the optimal conditions, and the RSDs of run-to-run, day-to-day, and column-to-column reproducibility were less than 6.7% using salbutamol raceme as the model enantiomers. The prepared chiral OT columns have been successfully applied to the enantioseparation of one pair of amino acid enantiomers, two pairs of racemic drugs, and three pairs of neurotransmitter enantiomers. Under the optimum conditions, the prepared OT columns were applied to real-world sample analysis of salbutamol aerosol. The limits of detection of salbutamol raceme were 0.90 µg·mL-1 (S/N = 3), and the recovery was 80.4-82.7%. The assay results indicated that this kind of chiral OT column modified with homochiral L-His-ZIF-8 possesses good reproducibility and stability. This developed mini-OT-CEC-AD system has some attractive characteristics of sensitivity and low cost, providing a potential way for the separation of chiral compounds.

7.
Infect Dis Ther ; 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652713

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to assess the safety profile and outcomes of a ceftazidime-avibactam (CAZ-AVI)-based regimen and compare them with those of a tigecycline (TGC)-based regimen in intensive care unit (ICU) for the treatment of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP), which is classified into hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). METHODS: Clinical and microbiological cure rates, 28-day survival rates, and safety evaluation findings were compared between patients treated with CAZ-AVI-based regimen and those treated with TGC-based regimen in this retrospective study. Conventional multivariate logistic regression analysis and regression adjustment analysis with propensity score (PS) were performed to control for confounding variables. RESULTS: A total of 105 cases of critically ill ICU patients with CRKP-induced HAP or VAP were included in the present study from July 2019 to September 2020; 62 patients (59%) received TGC-based regimen and 43 patients (41%) received CAZ-AVI-based regimen. The most common concomitant agent in the CAZ-AVI group and TGC group was carbapenem (44.2% versus 62.9%, P = 0.058), while only a small proportion of the study population received CAZ-AVI and TGC monotherapy (20.9% versus 6.5%, P = 0.027). The clinical and microbiological cure rates of the CAZ-AVI group were superior to those of the TGC group [51.2% versus 29.0% (P = 0.022) and 74.4% versus 33.9% (P < 0.001), respectively]. No significant differences in the 28-day survival rates were identified between the two groups (69.8% versus 66.1%, P = 0.695). Conventional multivariate logistic regression and PS analyses showed that patients who had used CAZ-AVI were more likely to have achieved a clinical cure [4.767 (95%CI 1.694-13.414), P=0.003;3.405 (95%CI 1.304-8.889), P=0.012] and microbiological success [6.664 (95%CI 2.626-16.915), P<0.001;7.778 (95%CI 2.717-22.265), P<0.001] than patients who used TGC. However, the difference in the 28-day survival rates between the two groups was not significant. According to the safety evaluation findings, the CAZ-AVI group exhibited a generally lower incidence of adverse reactions compared with that in the TGC group. CONCLUSIONS: CAZ-AVI may be a suitable alternative for TGC in the treatment of critically ill patients with CRKP-induced HAP or VAP. These observations require further confirmation in larger randomized prospective clinical trials.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478379

RESUMO

Disease similarity analysis impacts significantly in pathogenesis revealing, treatment recommending, and disease-causing genes predicting. Previous works study the disease similarity based on the semantics obtaining from biomedical ontologies (e.g., disease ontology) or the function of disease-causing molecules. However, such methods almost focus on a single perspective for obtaining disease features, which may lead to biased results for similar disease detection. To address this issue, we propose a disease information network-based integrate approach named MISSION for detecting similar diseases. By leveraging the associations between diseases and other biomedical entities, the disease information network is established firstly. And then, the disease similarity features extracted from the aspects of disease taxonomy, attributes, literature, and annotations are integrated into the disease information network. Finally, the top-k similar disease query is performed based on the integrative disease information. The experiments conducted on real-world datasets demonstrate that MISSION is effective and useful in similar disease detection.

9.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(5)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528698

RESUMO

Developmental glaucoma, a subset of glaucoma, is associated with trabeculodysgenesis and/or anterior segment dysgenesis. It is one of the major causes of childhood blindness. Understanding its genetic background is important to diagnose, and identify potential therapeutic targets, of this disease. The present study aimed to detect the molecular origin of developmental glaucoma in a Chinese pedigree and its association with glaucomatous phenotypes. A three­generation pedigree with developmental glaucoma was analyzed in the current study; a thorough ocular examination was performed on the proband and other individuals in the family. Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of each individual, and possible disease­causing genes were screened for mutations using a candidate gene panel. Exons and adjacent regions of the target genes were captured and enriched by probe hybridization. The enriched genes were sequenced on an Illumina high­throughput sequencer. Variations were verified in other family members using Sanger sequencing. Disease causing mutations were analyzed by comparing the sequences and the structures of wild­type and mutated cytochrome P450 family 1 subfamily B member 1 (CYP1B1) proteins using PyMOL software. The proband was diagnosed with developmental glaucoma and his parents and other relatives were asymptomatic. Novel compound heterozygous mutations, c.3G>A (p.M1I) and c.1310C>T (p.P437L), in CYP1B1 were detected in the proband, with the former inherited from his father and the latter from his mother. The c.3G>A (p.M1I) change is a novel mutation that disrupts the ATG start codon in exon one of CYP1B1 and therefore interferes with the translation start site. In conclusion, the findings of the present study suggested that the aforementioned compound heterozygous mutations in CYP1B1 may have caused developmental glaucoma in this Chinese family. The c.3G>A mutation in CYP1B1 is a novel mutation, and this study expands the gene mutation spectrum of CYP1B1.

10.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493391

RESUMO

The presence of sinus septa, common anatomic structures of the maxillary sinus, may increase the incidence of surgical complications during sinus floor elevation. This article introduces a digital protocol for achieving safe and precise sinus floor elevation with an individualized surgical template that combines implant placement and the lateral sinus window technique. This technique facilitates precise preplanning and preparation of the lateral osteotomy window and the implant site and reduces surgical complications, shortens surgical duration, and improves patient-related outcomes.

11.
Nanoscale ; 13(35): 15085-15099, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533154

RESUMO

The discovery of effective anticancer drug delivery systems and elucidation of the mechanism are enormous challenges. Using two drug administration-approved biomaterials, we constructed a natural medicine (NM)-loaded ternary supramolecular nanocomplex (TSN) suitable for large-scale production. The TSN has a better effect against cancer cells/stem cells than NM with differentially upregulated (27 versus 59) and downregulated (165 versus 66) proteins, respectively. Treatment with the TSN induced apoptosis and G2/M arrest, inhibited cell proliferation, metastasis and invasion, reduced colony/sphere formation, and decreased the frequency of side population cells and CD133+CD44+ABCG2+ cells. These results were revealed by multiple analyses (proteomic analysis, transwell migration and colony/sphere formation assays, biomarker profiling, etc.). We first reported the proteomic analysis of small lung cancer cells responding to a drug or its nanovesicles. We first conducted a proteomic evaluation of tumor cells responding to a drug supramolecular nanosystem. The supramolecular conformation of the TSN and the interactions of the TSN with albumin were verified by molecular docking experiments. The dominant binding forces in the TSN complexation process were electrostatic interactions, van der Waalsinteractions and bond stretching. The TSN binds to albumin more readily than NM does. The TSN has good in situ absorptive and in vitro/vivo kinetic properties. The relative bioavailability of the TSN to EA was 458.39%. The NM-loaded TSN is a supramolecular vesicle that can be produced at an industrial scale for efficient cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Proteômica
12.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546825

RESUMO

In this study, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) disodium was first chosen as catalyst to convert psoralenoside (PO) to psoralen (PSO) for increasing the extraction yield of PSO. An efficient continuous system for synchronous transformation and extraction of PSO from fig leaves applying microwave-assisted EDTA disodium (MAE-EDTA) was developed. The optimal MAE-EDTA condition was obtained: EDTA disodium concentration of 0.07 mol·L-1, ethanol volume fraction of 56%, extraction time of 16 min, and extraction temperature of 70 °C by single factor experiments and response surface method (RSM). Under the optimal condition, the yield of PSO reached 27.24 mg·g-1. Compared with microwave-assisted ethanol extraction (MAE) and reflux extraction (RE), the yield of PSO by MAE-EDTA is 2.03-fold higher than RE and 1.70-fold higher than MAE. Therefore, MAE-EDTA is an efficient method for extracting PSO from fig leaves, and it might provide references for the extraction of PSO from other medicinal plants.

13.
Nanomicro Lett ; 13(1): 194, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519929

RESUMO

It is of great importance to explore a creative route to improve the degradation efficiency of organic pollutants in wastewater. Herein, we construct a unique hybrid system by combining self-powered triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) with carbon dots-TiO2 sheets doped three-dimensional graphene oxide photocatalyst (3DGA@CDs-TNs), which can significantly enhance the degradation efficiency of brilliant green (BG) and direct blue 5B (DB) owing to the powerful interaction of TENG and 3DGA@CDs-TNs photocatalyst. The power output of TENG can be applied for wastewater purification directly, which exhibits a self-powered electrocatalytic technology. Furthermore, the results also verify that TENG can replace conventional electric catalyst to remove pollutants effectively from wastewater without any consumption. Subsequently, the unstable fragments and the plausible removal pathways of the two pollutants are proposed. Our work sheds light on the development of efficient and sustainable TENG/photocatalyst system, opening up new opportunities and possibilities for comprehensive utilization of random energy.

14.
Cell Biol Toxicol ; 2021 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537908

RESUMO

Prenatal dexamethasone exposure (PDE) induces long-term reproductive toxicity in female offspring. We sought to explore the transgenerational inheritance effects of PDE on diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) in female offspring. Dexamethasone was subcutaneously administered into pregnant Wistar rats from gestational day 9 (GD9) to GD20 to obtain fetal and adult offspring of the F1 generation. F1 adult females were mated with normal males to produce the F2 generation, and the F3 generation. The findings showed decrease of serum levels of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) that in the PDE group, decrease in number of primordial follicles, and upregulation of miR-17-5p expression before birth in F1 offspring rats. Expression of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) and Forkhead Box L2 (FOXL2) were downregulated, and binding of FOXL2 and the CDKN1B promoter region was decreased in PDE groups of the F1, F2, and F3 generations. In vitro intervention experiments showed that glucocorticoid receptor (GR) was involved in activity of dexamethasone. These findings indicate that PDE can activate GR in fetal rat ovary and induce DOR of offspring, and its heritability is mediated by the cascade effect of miR-17-5p/FOXL2/CDKN1B. Increase in miR-17-5p expression in oocytes is the potential molecular basis for transgenerational inheritance of PDE effects.

15.
J Sep Sci ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592055

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence suggests that amino acids are important indicators of nutritional and metabolic status. A high-resolution mass spectrometry method based on sequential window acquisition of all theoretical mass spectra acquisition was developed for the simultaneous determination of 16 amino acids in human plasma. Sample preparation by protein precipitation using a mixture of acetonitrile and formic acid was followed by a BEH Amide column. The superiority of this method was investigated by comparing it to time-of-flight scan and multiple reaction monitoring modes. The limit of detection in sequential window acquisition of all theoretical mass spectra mode for threonine, methionine, histidine, citrulline, and tryptophan is 0.1 ng on the column; for lysine and asparagine is 0.2 ng; for alanine, pyroglutamic acid, leucine, ornithine, and aspartate is 0.5 ng, for arginine is 1.0 ng; for glutamate and serine is 2.0 ng; for glutamine is 10.0 ng. This method was linear in the range 0.8-40 µg/mL for arginine, citrulline, glutamate, histidine, leucine, methionine, pyroglutamic acid, threonine, tryptophan; 2-100 µg/mL for asparagine, aspartate, lysine, ornithine, serine; and 4-200 µg/mL for alanine, glutamine with good accuracy and precision. Significantly different levels in 11 amino acids were observed between childhood and adulthood, representing the growth and development of individuals relating to the level of amino acids.

16.
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng ; PP2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570700

RESUMO

Hyper-reflective foci (HRF) refers to the spot-shaped, block-shaped areas with characteristics of high local contrast and high reflectivity, which is mostly observed in retinal optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of patients with fundus diseases. HRF mainly appears hard exudates (HE) and microglia (MG) clinically. Accurate segmentation of HE and MG is essential to alleviate the harm in retinal diseases. However, it is still a challenge to segment HE and MG simultaneously due to similar pathological features, various shapes and location distribution, blurred boundaries, and small morphology dimensions. To tackle these problems, in this paper, we propose a novel global information fusion and dual decoder collaboration-based network (GD-Net), which can segment HE and MG in OCT images jointly. Specifically, to suppress the interference of similar pathological features, a novel global information fusion (GIF) module is proposed, which can aggregate the global semantic information efficiently. To further improve the segmentation performance, we design a dual decoder collaborative workspace (DDCW) to comprehensively utilize the semantic correlation between HE and MG while enhancing the mutual influence on them by feedback alternately. To further optimize GD-Net, we explore a joint loss function which integrates pixel-level with image-level. The dataset of this study comes from patients diagnosed with diabetic macular edema at the department of ophthalmology, University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands. Experimental results show that our proposed method performs better than other state-of-the-art methods, which suggests the effectiveness of the proposed method and provides research ideas for medical applications.

17.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(9): 829, 2021 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480018

RESUMO

Recent studies indicate that Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) can function as the signal of pattern recognition receptors, which play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of the autoimmune disease. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a classic autoimmune disease. Previous reports mainly focused on the potential role of TLRs in regulating the development of SLE, but little is known about the role of CLRs in the progression of SLE. Our previous studies showed that the inflammation-mediated accumulation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) including granulocytic (G-MDSCs) and monocytic (M-MDSCs) participated in the pathogenesis of lupus. Mice deficient in Card9 (the downstream molecule of CLRs) were more susceptible to colitis-associated cancer via promoting the expansion of MDSCs. Whether the abnormal activation of CLRs regulates the expansion of MDSCs to participate in the pathogenesis of lupus remains unknown. In the present study, the expressions of CLRs were examined in both SLE patients and mouse models, revealing the expression of Dectin3 was positively correlated with SLEDAI. Dectin3 deficiency retarded the lupus-like disease by regulating the expansion and function of MDSCs. The mechanistic analysis revealed that Dectin3 deficiency promoted FoxO1-mediated apoptosis of MDSCs. Syk-Akt1-mediated nuclear transfer of FoxO1 increased in Dectin3-deficient MDSCs. Notedly, the accumulation of M-MDSCs mainly decreased in Dectin3-/- lupus mice, and the nuclear transfer of FoxO1 negatively correlated with the expression of LOX-1 on M-MDSCs. The silencing of FoxO1 expression in Dectin3-/- mice promoted the expansion of LOX-1+ M-MDSCs in vivo, and LOX-1+ M-MDSCs increased the differentiation of Th17 cells. Both LOX-1 expression on M-MDSCs and Dectin3 expression on MDSCs increased in patients with SLE. These data indicated that increased LOX-1+ M-MDSCs were related to the exacerbation of SLE development and might be potential target cells for the treatment of SLE.

18.
Bioresour Technol ; 342: 125958, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560433

RESUMO

In this study, swine wastewater (SW) and cow wastewater (CW) were used for anaerobic digestion (AD). We found the bioavailability of dissolved organic matter (DOM) was affected by the molecular weight ranges and molecular composition during the AD process. The organic substance in the small molecular range (0-5 kDa) accumulated due to a larger molecular fraction (>10 kDa) degradation, which enhanced the bioavailability of the DOM. Moreover, based on the excitation emission matrix-parallel factor (EEM-PARAFAC) analysis, the protein-like component in 0-5 kDa molecular size and humic-like component over 5 kDa are significantly positively correlated with DOM bioavailability. This study indicated that increasing the hydrolysis of larger organic matter and humification degree of molecular weights>5 kDa are critical solutions to improving the bioavailability of DOM. These conclusions can help explain the molecular mechanisms of DOM transformation and the AD process of livestock wastewater.

19.
Lipids Health Dis ; 20(1): 116, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is a predisposing factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). High-intensity statin therapy is recommended as secondary prevention. ABCB1 and SLCO1B1 genes influence the efficacy and safety of statins. Xinjiang is a multi-ethnic area; however, little is known about the prevalence of dyslipidemia and gene polymorphisms of ABCB1 and SLCO1B1 in minority groups with CHD. OBJECTIVE: To measure levels of lipid and apolipoprotein and the prevalence of dyslipidemia and gene polymorphisms of ABCB1, SLCO1B1 in Han, Uygur, Kazak, Hui, Tatar, Kirgiz, and Sibe populations with CHD in Xinjiang. METHODS: This descriptive retrospective study compares lipid levels in ethnic groups using Kruskal-Wallis test or analysis of variance. The study compared gene polymorphisms and the prevalence of dyslipidemia among different ethnic groups using the chi-square test. The lipid profiles in plasma were measured before lipid-lowering therapy using commercially available kits. Genotyping of SLCO1B1 and ABCB1 variants was performed using sequencing by hybridization. RESULTS: A total of 2218 patients were successfully screened, including 1044 Han, 828 Uygur, 113 Kazak, 138 Hui, 39 Tatar, 36 Kirgiz, and 20 Sibe patients. The overall mean age was 61.8 ± 10.8 years, and 72.5% of participants were male. Dyslipidemia prevalence in these ethnic groups was 42.1, 49.8, 52.2, 40.6, 48.7, 41.7, and 45.0%, respectively. The prevalence of dyslipidemia, high total cholesterol (TC), high triglycerides (TG), and high low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) differed significantly among the groups (P = 0.024; P < 0.001; P < 0.001; P < 0.001, respectively). For the Han group, high LDL-C, high TC, and high TG prevalence differed significantly by gender (P = 0.001, P = 0.022, P = 0.037, respectively). The prevalence of high TC, high TG, and low high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) differed significantly by gender in the Uygur group (P = 0.006, P = 0.004, P < 0.001, respectively). The prevalence of high TC in Hui patients significantly differed by gender (P = 0.043). These findings suggest that polymorphisms in ABCB1 and C3435T differ significantly across ethnicities (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalences of dyslipidemia, high TC, high TG, and high LDL-C in Han, Uygur, Kazak, Hui, Tatar, Kirgiz, and Sibe CHD patients in Xinjiang differed concerning ethnicity. Ethnic, gender, and lifestyle were the key factors that affected the lipid levels of the population. The prevalence of polymorphisms of ABCB1 and C3435T significantly differed across ethnicities. These findings will aid the selection of precision lipid-lowering medications and prevention and treatment of CHD according to ethnicity in Xinjiang.

20.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5232, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475402

RESUMO

Disseminated tumor cells often fall into a long term of dormant stage, characterized by decreased proliferation but sustained survival, in distant organs before awakening for metastatic growth. However, the regulatory mechanism of metastatic dormancy and awakening is largely unknown. Here, we show that the epithelial-like and mesenchymal-like subpopulations of breast cancer stem-like cells (BCSCs) demonstrate different levels of dormancy and tumorigenicity in lungs. The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) NR2F1-AS1 (NAS1) is up-regulated in the dormant mesenchymal-like BCSCs, and functionally promotes tumor dissemination but reduces proliferation in lungs. Mechanistically, NAS1 binds to NR2F1 mRNA and recruits the RNA-binding protein PTBP1 to promote internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-mediated NR2F1 translation, thus leading to suppression of ΔNp63 transcription by NR2F1. Furthermore, ΔNp63 downregulation results in epithelial-mesenchymal transition, reduced tumorigenicity and enhanced dormancy of cancer cells in lungs. Overall, the study links BCSC plasticity with metastatic dormancy, and reveals the lncRNA as an important regulator of both processes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Fator I de Transcrição COUP/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Regiões 5' não Traduzidas , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Fator I de Transcrição COUP/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/metabolismo , Humanos , Sítios Internos de Entrada Ribossomal , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Camundongos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Proteína de Ligação a Regiões Ricas em Polipirimidinas/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
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