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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(6): 456-459, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146770

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the curative effect of mesenchymal stem cells derived from human Wharton's Jelly(WJ-MSC) or adipose(AD-MSC) culture supernatant on endothelial cells angiogenesis. Methods: WJ-MSC and AD-MSC were isolated, identified, and the culture supernatant of stem cells was collected.The WJ-MSC or AD-MSC supernatant co-cultured with the endothelial cells. The expression levels of pro-angiogenic and anti-angiogenic genes of endothelial cells were assessed using qRT-PCR analysis, and the effects of stem cell culture supernatant on angiogenesis were evaluated by performing a tube formation assay in vitro. Results: After adding WJ-MSC and AD-MSC culture supernatant, the expression levels of pro-angiogenic genes in endothelial cells were upregulated, and the expression levels of anti-angiogenic genes were downregulated significantly in both experimental groups compared to the control group (P<0.01), and tube formation of endothelial cells was also significantly increased in both experimental groups as determined by the increase of the tube length ((43.2±9.2) mm vs (94.3±13.2)mm, (86.1±7.2)mm, P<0.01). Conclusion: The results showed that AD-MSC culture supernatant can promote endothelial cells angiogenesis and its curative effect is similar to that of WJ-MSC.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Geleia de Wharton , Adipócitos , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Técnicas de Cocultura , Células Endoteliais , Humanos
2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 535-548, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016955

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Growing evidence has shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play some roles in the progression of osteoarthritis. In this study, we investigated the functions and mechanisms of lncRNA NKILA (NKILA) of chondrocytes in human osteoarthritis (OA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: RT-PCR was used to detect the expressions of NKILA and miR-145 in OA tissues. After transfection of NKILA overexpression lentivirus (LV-NKILA) and NKILA downregulation lentivirus (LV-shNKILA) into primary chondrocytes, MTT assay was carried out to measure the cell proliferation of chondrocytes. The expressions of SP1, Bcl-2, Bax, cleaved caspase-3 and NF-κB signaling factors were detected by Western blot. Moreover, luciferase assay was performed to explore the binding site of NKILA and miR-145, miR-145 and SP1. Finally, JSH, a NF-κB signaling inhibitor, was added into chondrocytes transfected with LV-shNKILA or miR-145 mimic to detect that NKILA functions via miR-145/SP1/NF-κB signaling pathway. RESULTS: We found that NKILA and SP1 were significantly reduced, miR-145 was increased in cartilage tissues of OA patients. After LV-NKILA transfection, the proliferation ability of chondrocytes was improved and cell apoptosis was inhibited; however, the proliferation ability of chondrocytes was repressed, and cell apoptosis was increased in LV-sh NKILA group. MiR-145 was predicted to be a potential target of NKILA and luciferase gene reporter assay confirmed that NKILA could directly bind with miR-145. Furthermore, SP1 was predicted to be a target gene of miR-145 and luciferase gene reporter assay proved that miR-145 could directly bind with SP1. Finally, we added JSH, a NF-κB signaling inhibitor, into chondrocytes with LV-shNKILA or miR-145 mimic. Results showed that the repressed SP1 was reversed after the addition of JSH in both LV-shNKILA and miR-145 mimic group. Further, the repressed proliferation capacities and promoted cell apoptosis were also reversed after the addition of JSH. CONCLUSIONS: According to the results, this study uncovers NKILA is reduced in human osteoarthritic cartilage tissues. Furthermore, we firstly uncover that the reduced NKILA could function as a ceRNA to improve miR-145, which inhibited SP1 expression and regulated NF-κB signaling pathway, thereby promoting tissue inflammation, and inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis of chondrocytes. Thus, it may be used as a promising prognostic marker and a potential target for osteoarthritis.

3.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 960327119897111, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957486

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to study the correlation between neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and soluble CD14 subtype (presepsin) on the severity and prognosis evaluation of acute paraquat poisoning (APP) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 120 APP patients who were divided into three groups: light (28 cases), moderate (52 cases), and heavy poisoning (40 cases) groups. Twenty healthy volunteers were enrolled as controls. RESULTS: Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurred in 86 APP patients (71.7%, 86 of 120). In AKI group, urine NGAL was elevated 3 h after treatment, serum NGAL was elevated 24 h after treatment, and serum creatine (SCr) was elevated 2 days after treatment, which were all significantly higher than non-AKI group. Compared with control group, there were significant differences in presepsin and acute physiology and chronic health status (APACHE) II score of different poisoning groups. There were significant differences in detection indices 24 h, 3 days, and 7 days after treatment among different poisoning groups. There was a positive correlation between urine NGAL and serum paraquat concentration, urine NGAL, and AKI morbidity (r 1 = 0.974, r 2 = 0.766, p < 0.001), suggesting higher urine NGAL level indicated higher AKI morbidity. Receiver operating characteristic curves analysis suggested serum presepsin level and urine NGAL level had higher sensitivity and specificity than APACHE II score when predicting 28-day mortality of APP patients. CONCLUSION: Serum and urine NGAL level is elevated earlier than SCr, which is important for the early diagnosis of APP. Serum presepsin and urine NGAL levels can be used as markers to diagnose the severity of AKI and predict the mortality of APP patients.

4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(38): 3005-3007, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607033

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the therapeutic effects of first phase renal puncture and drainage guided by B ultrasound and second phase percutaneous nephrolithotomy(PCNL) in the treatment of urinary calculi complicated with pyonephrosis. Methods: From January 2014 to April 2018, 28 patients with upper ureteral segment and kidney calculi complicated with pyonephrosis were collected. All patients received the pyonephrosis puncture under B ultrasound. After the inflammation was controlled and the clinical situation improved, the second phase was treated by PCNL. During the operation, routine in dwelling ureteral stent drainage and renal fistula wereperformed. The outcomes of the operation were observed. Results: A total of 28 cases were successfully punctured, the obstruction was relieved and the inflammation was controlled. Additionally, the second phase of PCNL surgery was successful, and there were no significant stone residues after PCNL. There were no complications such as severe systemic inflammatory response syndrome and severe hemorrhage. After 3 to 12 months of follow-up, renal function was restored to varying degrees, and there were no renal failure patients who needednephrectomy. Conclusions: Early diagnosis of urinary calculi complicated with pyonephrosis is the key to successful treatment. Active and effective B ultrasound-guided renal puncture and drainage, drainage of pus, and removal of urinary obstruction can improve the safety of the second phase of PCNL, and thus it attaches great importance to the treatment of pyonephrosis.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea , Nefrostomia Percutânea , Pionefrose , Drenagem , Humanos , Paracentese , Punções , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(17): 7438-7444, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539131

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The poor prognosis of advanced laryngocarcinoma was associated with the epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT), which was related to the dysregulated expression of free fatty acids receptor 4 (FFAR4). By detecting the expression of FFAR4 in laryngocarcinoma and its relation with the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of laryngocarcinoma, as well as conducting in vitro experiments, our aim is to explore the role of FFAR4 in laryngocarcinoma biological and clinical process. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The protein expression level of FFAR4 in 54 cases of laryngocarcinoma and 30 cases of laryngocarcinoma adjacent tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry. Combined with clinical follow-up data, the Kaplan-Meier survival curve and log-rank test were conducted to compare the relation between the expression of FFAR4, the clinicopathological characteristics, and the 5-year survival rate in laryngocarcinoma. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed the independent predictors for the prognosis of laryngocarcinoma. CCK-8 and migration assay were used to test cell proliferation and migration abilities. RESULTS: FFAR4 was upregulated in laryngocarcinoma tissues and influenced cell proliferation and migration abilities. The FFAR4 expression was related to the age and lymph node metastasis in laryngocarcinoma patients and indicated a reduced 5-year survival rate and increased lymph node metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: The upregulation FFAR4 expression was associated with the lymph node metastasis and the prognosis. FFAR4 can significantly promote laryngocarcinoma cell proliferation and migration in vitro.

6.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(6): 2469-2475, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30964173

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to investigate the expression of microRNA-216a-5p (miR-216a-5p) in breast cancer (BC) and its effect on the proliferation and metastasis of BC cells by regulating the expression of p21-activated protein kinase 2 (PAK2) gene. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 50 cases of cancer tissue specimens and corresponding para-carcinoma normal tissue specimens were collected from the breast surgery department of our hospital from July 2016 to December 2017. BC MCF-7 cell line and normal breast epithelial MCF-10A cells were cultured. MiR-NC (negative control), LV-p21-activated protein kinase 2 (PAK2) and/or miR-216a-5p mimics were synthesized and transfected. The protein and mRNA expression level in BC tissues and cells were detected by Western blot and quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) assay, respectively. Additionally, the Luciferase Reporter Assays, cell proliferation detection, clone formation assays and transwell migration and invasion assay were performed to determine the functional alteration of BC cells, respectively. RESULTS: The results of qRT-PCR demonstrated that miR-216a-5p was decreased in both BC tissues and cells compared with that in normal controls. Online target gene prediction software and Dual-Luciferase reporter assay were used for target identification, and PAK2 was identified as a functional target of miR-216a-5p in BC cells. The results were further clarified with the Western blot (WB) experiment. In vitro, cell functions were detected by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), crystal violet staining and transwell experiment, respectively. The results indicated that decreased expression of PAK2 resulting from the up-regulation of miR-216a-5p could restrain the proliferation, clone formation, invasion and migration abilities of BC cells. CONCLUSIONS: We showed that miR-216a-5p played a role as antioncogene in BC, which provides a new therapeutic target for the treatment of BC.

7.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30884588

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the predictive values of the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE.II) score and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) score on death in patients with heat stroke. Methods: A total of 76 patients with heat stroke who were treated in Emergency Department of Harrison International Peace Hospital from June 2013 to September 2017 were studied. According to the outcome of patients, we distributed the patients to death group and survival group. APACHE.II score and DIC score were calculated according to the clinical data and the test results at admission. Evaluate the correlation between the two indicators associated with death. Results: There were 76 patients, with 23 deaths (30.3%) and 53 survivors (69.7%) . The APACHE-II score and DIC score were 26.26±6.48 and 4.00±1.38 in the death group.significantly higher than 20.74±4.17 and 2.28±1.21 in the survival group, and there were significant difference (P< 0.01) . The APACHE. II score was positively correlated with the DIC score, and the higher the score, the higher the mortality rate.Both indicators are significant for the Logitic regression analysis of death (P<0.01) .The sensitivity and specificity of the APACHE.II score were 65.2% and 81.1% in prediction of mortality, The sensitivity and specificity of DIC score were 65.2% and 84.9% in prediction of mortality. The specificity of the APACHE II score plus DIC score were higher than that of single APACHE. II score or DIC score in prediction of mortality (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The APACHE.II score and DIC score are significantly increased in the early stage of the patients with heat stroke, and the APACHE. II score combined with DIC score may improve the value in prediction of mortality with heat stroke.


Assuntos
APACHE , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada , Golpe de Calor/mortalidade , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(7): 510-514, 2019 Feb 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30786348

RESUMO

Objective: Exosomes are considered to mediate intercellular communication by delivering biomolecules like mRNA, miRNA into recipient cells. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of exosomes secreted by fibroblasts from women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI-EXO) on endothelial cells angiogenesis. Methods: Primary fibroblasts were acquired from periurethral vaginal wall tissues and exosomes were prepared by ultracentrifugation of fibroblasts cells conditioned medium. The expression levels of pro-angiogenic and anti-angiogenic genes were assessed using qRT-PCR analysis. Migration of endothelial cells was measured by transwell assay, and the effects of SUI-EXO on angiogenesis were evaluated by performing a tube formation assay in vitro. Results: SUI-EXO was successfully isolated from fibroblasts cells conditional medium and transferred to endothelial cells efficiently. When the endothelial cells were treated with SUI-EXO, the expression levels of pro-angiogenic genes in fibroblasts were downregulated, and the expression levels of anti-angiogenic genes were upregulated significantly (P<0.01). Endothelial cells exhibited a decreased migratory capacity after treatment with SUI-EXO compared to exosomes from health women (64.6±8.7 vs 114.5±14.2,P<0.01), and tube formation of endothelial cells was also significantly inhibited in the SUI-EXO treated group as determined by the increase of the tube length (87.6±13.3 vs 168.5±28.3,P<0.01). Conclusion: This study suggests that SUI-EXO plays related roles in regulating endothelial cells angiogenesis and SUI-EXO maybe involve in the pathogenesis of SUI.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Feminino , Fibroblastos , Humanos , MicroRNAs , Neovascularização Patológica
10.
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 32(23): 1804-1809, 2018 Dec 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30550214

RESUMO

Objective: To find proper the surgical approval and evaluate clinical efficacy to treat the tumor of upper parapharyngeal space involving the base of skull and intracranial skull. Method: The data of 9 cases from June 2013 and June 2018 were analyzed retrospectively including schwannoma in 6 cases, pleomorphic adenoma in 2 cases and hemangioma in 1 case. All cases received preoperative high resolution CT and MRI, some cases also did the DSA examination. Tumor invaded top of nasopharyngeal in 4 cases, the base of skull in 3 cases, and intraskull in 2 cases. 9 cases were treated with surgery alone. Surgical approach: transcervical approach (n=1), transcervical approach and mandibular fracture surgery(n=2), transoral approach(n=3), transnasal transpterygoid approach(n=2), transparotid gland approach(n=1). Result: Tumors in 8 cases were completely removed, and 1 case was performed by partial excision. Hemorrhage(>500 ml) occurred in 2 cases, tongue deflection and cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred in 1 case. No death, tumor recurrence and wound infection was found. Conclusion: The position of benign upper parapharyngeal space tumors is deep and tumor often invade in the base of the skull and brain tissue. It is close to the important nerve, vessels of the skull base and meninges. The appropriate surgical approach should be selected according to the individual situation. The main point of the operation is complete the tumor resection with preserving or reconstructing the important function of the blood vessel and nerve.

11.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 36(10): 728-733, 2018 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30541190

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of biofeedback therapy on metabolic syndrome (MS) and the effect of different levels of job stress on the outcome. Methods: The physicians in tertiary hospitals who were diagnosed with MS from January to December, 2016 were divided into biofeedback group and health education group according to different intervention methods, and moderate group, medium group, and high group according to different levels of job stress. A 6-month intervention was implemented from May to October, 2017. A two-way factorial design was used to analyze the main effect of biofeedback on physical and biochemical parameters and the interaction of biofeedback and job stress. Results: After 6 months of intervention, the patients in both the biofeedback group and the moderate group had significantly decreased waist circumference, body mass index, systolic blood pressure (SBP) , diastolic blood pressure (DBP) , and levels of triglyceride (TG) , total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) , and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and a significantly increased level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (all P<0.05) ; the patients in both the health education group and the moderate group had significantly decreased SBP, DBP, and levels of TG, LDL-C, and FPG (P<0.05) . The factorial analysis of variance showed that there was a synergistic interaction between the intervention method and job stress level in SBP, DBP, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C, and FPG among MS patients (P<0.05) . The high group had significantly more improvements in all indices compared with the medium group and the moderate group (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Biofeedback therapy can effectively improve blood pressure, blood lipids, and blood glucose in MS patients, and is more effective for patients with high job stress level.


Assuntos
Biorretroalimentação Psicológica/fisiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/terapia , Estresse Ocupacional , Glicemia , Pressão Sanguínea , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/fisiopatologia , Síndrome Metabólica/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 53(8): 540-546, 2018 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30138964

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical and pathological features, diagnosis and treatment of primary vulvar Paget disease (VPD) , and analyze the related factors that may affect the recurrence. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out on 36 patients diagnosed as VPD pathologically from January 1983 to December 2017 at Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. The clinical and pathological features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis and the factors influencing recurrence rate of VPD were analyzed. Results: (1) Totally 94% (34/36) of VPD occurred in postmenopausal women. Pruritus was counted 86% (31/36) of the main complaint. Lesions of vulvar were main symptom which had no specificity, acting as ulcer (67%, 24/36) , erythema (50%, 18/36) , depigmentation (42%, 15/36) , sclerosis (31%, 11/36) , and pigmentation (17%, 6/36) . The lesions invaded labium majus (97%, 35/36) , sometimes labium minus (53%, 19/36) , clitoris (28%, 10/36) , perianal (25%, 9/36) , orificium vaginae (3%, 1/36) , and meatus urinarius (3%, 1/36) . Approximately 19% (7/36) of VPD coexisted with intraepithelial neoplasia or adenocarcinoma of vulvar or other part of body. (2) Diagnosis and treatment: diagnosis was confirmed histologically by biopsy or pathologies after surgery, and immunohistochemical results were helpful for differential diagnosis. Surgery was the mean treatment method, 34 of all the 36 patients (94%, 34/36) underwent surgery for at least once, while 2 patients (6%, 2/36) were performed non-operative treatment. The surgical treatment included excision of focus, wide local excision, simple vulvectomy, and extensive vulvectomy. The non-operative treatment included radiotherapy, chemotherapy, laser, photodynamic therapy, and so on. (3) Prognosis: among 36 VPD patients, 4 were lost to follow-up with a 89% (32/36) follow-up rate. Median follow-up was 35.3 months (range,1 month to 31 years) . During the follow-up period, 2 patients were unable to judge whether they will relapse for the follow-up time did not reach half a year, 8 cases were unsuccessful operation, 20 cases succeeded, the achievement ratio was 71% (20/28) . Nine of twenty cases relapsed, the recurrence rate was 45% (9/20) . The median recurrence time was 14 months after operation. One patient of the 32 followed-up patients died, the mortality rate was 3% (1/32) . (4) The related factors affected the recurrence of VPD: t test was applied to the analysis of patients' age, rank test was used in the statistics of the time of confirmed diagnosis, the length and thickness of the resection focus. Fisher test was used to calculate whether the focus were limited to the epidermis, type of surgical procedures, distance between the margin and the focus, whether tumor cells infiltrated the margin. The results showed that none of the above terms in the first operation had significant contribution to recurrence (all P>0.05) . Conclusions: VPD may be a low potential malignancy, which could slowly progress into deep invasive disease. VPD is often associated with intraepithelial neoplasia or primary tumors of the vulva or somewhere else. Operations is the first choice for VPD, but consider for its high recurrence rate after operation, close follow-up should be strongly suggested.


Assuntos
Carcinoma in Situ/patologia , Doença de Paget Extramamária/patologia , Neoplasias Vulvares/patologia , Biópsia , Carcinoma in Situ/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Doença de Paget Extramamária/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias Vulvares/cirurgia
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29996382

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and myocardial injury induced by acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 214 patients with acute carbon monoxide poisoning who were admitted to Emergency Depart-ment of Harrison International Peace Hospital, Hebei Medical University, from 2015 to 2017. According to the diagnostic criteria for toxic heart disease and the level of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), a biomarker of cardiac injury, these patients were divided into myocardial injury group (n = 84) and non-myocardial injury group (n=130). The general information of age and sex, as well as routine blood test results and cardiac injury biomarkers on admission, were collected. NLR was calculated and compared between the two groups. The relationship between NLR and cTnI was analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the influenc-ing factors for myocardial injury induced by acute carbon monoxide poisoning. The receiver operating charac-teristic curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of NLR on admission for myocardial injury induced by acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Results: There were significant differences between two groups in male patients, the history of smoking, white blood cell count (WBC), NLR, creatine kinase-MB, and lactate dehydro-genase(P<0.01). In the myocardial injury group, NLR was positively correlated with cTnI (r=0.295, P<0.01). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that NLR (odds ratio OR=1.079, 95% confidence inter-val CI: 1.017~1.144, P<0.01), WBC (OR=1.216, 95% CI: 1.098~1.346, P<0.01), and male sex (OR = 2.693, 95% CI: 1.045~6.939, P= 0.05) were independent risk factors for myocardial injury induced by acute carbon monoxide poisoning. In predicting myocardial injury induced by acute carbon monoxide poisoning, NLR on admission had a sensitivity of 85.7% and a specificity of 45.4% at the optimal cut-off value of 4.83. Conclusion: Increased NLR on admission has a certain predictive value for myocardial injury induced by acute carbon monoxide poisoning.


Assuntos
Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/complicações , Traumatismos Cardíacos/induzido quimicamente , Linfócitos/patologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/sangue , Traumatismos Cardíacos/sangue , Traumatismos Cardíacos/diagnóstico , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos/métodos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 57(8): 582-587, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30060330

RESUMO

Objective: Pulmonary metastatic angiosarcoma is a rare, fatal disease that often presents as diffuse alveolar hemorrhage(DAH). In this report, clinical characteristics of pulmonary metastatic angiosarcoma were retrospectively reviewed. Methods: A total of 9 patients with angiosarcoma who presented as DAH were enrolled. Clinical data included age, gender, symptoms, smoking status, physical exam findings, pulmonary function tests, and radiology. Results: All patients were male with median age 41 years(range, 22 to 57 years). The most common symptom was hemoptysis(9/9). Other symptoms included dyspnea (5/9), cough(3/9), chest pain(3/9), fever(2/9,) and edema of the lower extremity and oliguria(4/9).The common misdiagnoses were tuberculosis(4/9), vasculitis(3/9) and other infection(1/9). Chest computed tomography showed bilateral,random distributed different-sized nodules(9/9),as well as ground-glass areas (9/9).The hearts, mainly right atrium, were the most common primary locations(7/9).Cardiac mass was the first manifestation in five patients by echocardiography(5/8).Two atrial masses were identified by computer tomography pulmonary angiography and magnetic resonance imaging respectively. Transbronchial lung biopsy failed to find malignancy. Computer tomography guided transthoracic needle biopsy was difficult to perform in most patients. Eight patients were diagnosed by surgical biopsy, either by lung biopsy(4/8) or cardiac biopsy(4/8).The median survival period was only 3 months after surgery. Conclusion: Metastatic pulmonary angiosarcoma should be considered in patients with DAH and multiple glass ground opacity and nodules on chest CT. Careful cardiologic monitoring is necessary. Surgical biopsy is reliable for diagnosis.


Assuntos
Hemangiossarcoma/diagnóstico , Hemangiossarcoma/patologia , Hemangiossarcoma/secundário , Hemorragia/etiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Biópsia , Erros de Diagnóstico , Hemangiossarcoma/complicações , Hemangiossarcoma/terapia , Hemoptise/etiologia , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumopatias , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29699021

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the effect of ulinastatin on myocardial injury in patients with acute severe carbon monoxide poisoning (ASCOP) . Methods: By using the prospective study method, 123 cases of ASCOP patients admitted to our hospital, were randomly divided into two groups. There were no significantly different between the two groups in the abnormal rates of ECG, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) , troponin I (cTNI) , creatine phosphokinase (CK-MB) and creatine phosphokinase (CK) . The control group according to the patients need to be treated with hyperbaric oxygen and routine medical treatment; the observation group was treated with ulinastatin 100 thousand u intravenous injection based on routine treatment measures on Q8 h, the two groups were 7 d for the 1 course of treatment. Compared two groups of patients after 3 days, 7 days of electrocardiogram, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) , troponin I (cTNI) , creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) , creatine kinase (CK) , the case fatality rate within 14 days, and the abnormality rate of BNP, cTNI, CK-MB and Ck. Results: the observation group for 3 days, 7 days, 14 days were abnormal, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) , cardiac troponin I (cTNI) , creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) , creatine kinase (CK) the average results were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05) ; The 14 d BNP in the observation group was significantly lower than the control group (P<0. 05) ; the case fatality rateof observation group was lower than the control group within 14 days (1.2% vs 3.3%) . Conclusion: Ulinastatin can significantly improve the ASCOP to reduce the damage to the heart, reduce the case fatality rateand improve the prognosis.


Assuntos
Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/complicações , Glicoproteínas/farmacologia , Traumatismos Cardíacos/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Aguda , Biomarcadores , Creatina Quinase/sangue , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Eletrocardiografia , Glicoproteínas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Troponina I/sangue
16.
Neotrop Entomol ; 47(3): 362-368, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28965311

RESUMO

Sugarcane borers are economically damaging insects with species that vary in distribution patterns both geographically and temporally, and vary based on ecological niche. Currently, identification of sugarcane borers is mostly based on morphological characters. However, morphological identification requires taxonomic expertise. An alternative method to identify sugarcane borers is the use of molecular data. DNA barcoding based on partial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COI) sequences has proven to be a useful tool for rapid and accurate species determination in many insect taxa. This study was conducted to test the effectiveness of DNA barcodes to discriminate among sugarcane borer species in China. Partial sequences of the COI gene (709 bp) were obtained from six species collected from different geographic areas. Results showed that the pairwise intraspecies genetic distance was < 0.02, whereas the interspecies genetic distance ranged from 0.117 to 0.182. Results from a neighbor-joining tree showed that the six sugarcane borer species were certainly separated. These results suggested that the partial COI sequences had high barcoding resolution in discriminating among sugarcane borer species. Our study emphasized the use of DNA barcodes for identification of the analyzed sugarcane borer species and represents an important step for building a comprehensive barcode library for sugarcane borers in China.


Assuntos
Código de Barras de DNA Taxonômico , Lepidópteros/classificação , Filogenia , Saccharum , Animais , China , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Herbivoria
17.
Persoonia ; 38: 20-37, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29151625

RESUMO

Anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum species is a serious disease of more than 30 plant genera. Several Colletotrichum species have been reported to infect chili in different countries. Although China is the largest chili-producing country, little is known about the species that have been infecting chili locally. Therefore, we collected samples of diseased chili from 29 provinces of China, from which 1285 strains were isolated. The morphological characters of all strains were observed and compared, and multi-locus phylogenetic analyses (ITS, ACT, CAL, CHS-1, GAPDH, TUB2, and HIS3) were performed on selected representative strains. Fifteen Colletotrichum species were identified, with C. fioriniae, C. fructicola, C. gloeosporioides, C. scovillei, and C. truncatum being prevalent. Three new species, C. conoides, C. grossum, and C. liaoningense, were recognised and described in this paper. Colletotrichum aenigma, C. cliviae, C. endophytica, C. hymenocallidis, C. incanum, C. karstii, and C. viniferum were reported for the first time from chili. Pathogenicity of all species isolated from chili was confirmed, except for C. endophytica. The current study improves the understanding of species causing anthracnose on chili and provides useful information for the effective control of the disease in China.

19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28780790

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the dynamic change in cerebral oxygen utilization coefficient (O(2)UCc) in the early stage of acute severe carbon monoxide poisoning (ASCMP) and its value in predicting delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning (DEACMP) . Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted for patients with ASCMP who were admitted to our hospital from November 2013 to March 2016, and their baseline features and physiological parameters were recorded. Observation ended at two months after acute poisoning; according to the presence or absence of DEACMP, the patients were divided into DEACMP group with 21 patients and non-DEACMP group with 64 patients. The change in O(2)UCc was monitored on admission and at 6, 24, 48, and 72 hours. Spearman correlation was used to investigate the correlation between O(2)UCc and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the accuracy of O(2)UCc in predicting DEACMP. Results: Both groups had a significant increase in O(2)UCc on admission, and the DEACMP group had a significantly greater increase than the non-DEACMP group (52.57%±9.30% vs 41.46±%6.37%, P<0.05) . Then both groups tended to have a reduction in O(2)UCc, and the DEACMP group had a significantly higher O(2)UCc than the non-DEACMP group at 6, 24, and 48 hours (47.40%±7.92%, 39.38%±8.01%, and 32.29%±6.31% vs 34.51%±7.89%, 28.79%±5.4%, and 27.72%±5.46%, P<0.05) . On admission and at 6, 24, and 48 hours, O2UCc was positively correlated with APACHE II score (r=0.304, 0.398, 0.426, and 0.300, P=0.005, 0.000, 0.000, and 0.005) . The ROC curve showed that O(2)UCc had a value in predicting DEACMP on admission and at 6, 24, and 48 hours, and 6-hour O2UCc had the highest predictive value with an area under the ROC curve of 0.870 (95% confidence interval 0.794-0.947, P<0.05) . Conclusion: The dynamic change in O(2)UCc has a reference value in early identification of DEACMP, and O(2)UCc can be used as an important reference index for predicting DEACMP.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias/etiologia , Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/complicações , Cérebro/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/terapia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 51(6): 551-555, 2017 Jun 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28592102

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the comprehensive nutritional status and diet behavior of middle aged and elderly women with osteoporosis, and thereby to explore the relationship between diet behavior and comprehensive nutritional status. Methods: 311 middle-aged and elderly women with osteoporosis in Chengdu were included in this study. Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) was applied to assess their comprehensive nutritional status. Information of social-demographic characteristics and diet behavior (about meals, snacks and water drinking, etc.) of the subjects was collected by questionnaire. Chi square test was used to assess the differences in nutritional status among patients who have different eating behaviors. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between diet behaviors and comprehensive nutritional status. Results: The mean MNA score of subjects was 25.8±2.5. 20.3% (63/311) of the subjets were at risk of potential malnutrition, but there was no malnourished subjects found. 46.9% (46/311) of the subjects were in good appetite. 95.2% (296/311) of them had a fixed food intake each meal. 65.8% (198/311) of them had snacks every day, and the most common choice was fruit (86.4% (248/287)). 54.8% (165/311) of them had initiative drinking water habits, and the most common choice was plain boiled water (79.9%, 246/308). 76.5% (238/311) of them had daily portable water less than 1 500 ml. After adjusting the effects of age, occupation and education level, bad appetite (OR=3.50, 95%CI: 1.18-10.62), unfixed food intake (OR=7.27, 95%CI: 1.40-35.83), and seldom or never intake of snack (OR=3.71, 95%CI: 1.42-9.72) were risk factors for malnutrition risk, while tea drinking was protective factor(OR=0.31, 95%CI: 0.11-0.93). Conclusion: Risk of potential malnutrition and unhealthy diet behavior among the middle aged and elderly women with osteoporosis should be paid more attention. Unhealtghy diet behavior has a negative effect on their comprehensive nutritional status.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Dieta , Ingestão de Alimentos , Feminino , Frutas , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
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