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1.
Int J Cancer ; 146(1): 103-114, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199508

RESUMO

Next-generation sequencing of cell-free circulating DNA (cfDNA) has emerged as promising technique for identifying minimally invasive genomic profiling of tumor cells recently. However, it remains relatively unknown in LAM disease. In our study, paired cfDNA and genomic DNA (gDNA) in blood samples were obtained from 23 LAM patients and seven healthy controls to explore mutations profiles of targeted 70 cancer-related genes. As results, log2-based allele frequencies of mutations in cfDNA were significantly different from those of gDNA. By comparing the mutual mutations identified both in cfDNA and gDNA, a significant correlation was also observed. After removing mutations in gDNA, distinct somatic mutation profiles of cfDNA were observed in LAM patients. Forty of 70 targeted genes had recurrent mutations, of which ATM, BRCA2 and APC showed the highest frequency. Based on the mutation, correlation network constructed of 40 mutated genes, 11 hub genes bearing intensive interactions were highlighted, including BRCA1, BRCA2, RAD50, RB1, NF1, APC, MLH3, ATM, PDGFRA, PALB2 and BLM. Expression of the hub genes showed significant clusters between LAM patients and controls and that RAD50 and BRCA2 had the strongest associations with subject phenotypes. Myogenesis and estrogen response were confirmed to be positively regulated in LAM patients. Collectively, our study provided a landscape of genomic alterations in LAM and discovered several potential driver genes, that is, BRCA2 and RAD50, which shed a substantial light on the clinical application of key molecular markers and potential therapy targets for precision diagnosis and treatment in the future.

2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 187: 109785, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644988

RESUMO

The germination and seedling vigor of crops is negatively affected by soil salinity. Nitric oxide (NO) has emerged as a key molecule involved in many physiological events in plants. The objective of present study was to evaluate the impact of exogenous sodium nitroprusside (SNP, a NO donor) at different concentrations on the seed germination and early seedling growth characteristics of pakchoi (Brassica chinensis L.) under NaCl stress. 100 mM NaCl stress markedly inhibited the seed germination potential, germination index, vitality index and growth of radicles and plumules. SNP pretreatment attenuated the salt stress effects in a dose-dependent manner, as indicated by enhancing the characteristics of seed germination and early seedling growth parameters, and the mitigating effect was most pronounced at 10 µM SNP. Efficient antioxidant systems were activated by SNP pre-treatment, and which effectively increased the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX), and reduced contents of malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and the production rate of superoxide anion radical (O2·-) in radicles and plumules, thereby preventing oxidative damage from NaCl stress. SNP pre-treatment also increased the contents of proline and soluble sugar in radicles and plumules under NaCl stress. In addition, SNP pre-treatment significantly increased the K+ contents and decreased Na+ contents in radicles and plumules, resulting in the increased level of K+/Na+ ratio. Our results demonstrated that SNP application on pakchoi seeds may be a good option to improve seed germination and seedling growth under NaCl stress by modulating the physiological responses resulting in better seed germination and seedling growth.

3.
J Proteomics ; 211: 103571, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689561

RESUMO

For oral cancer, numerous saliva- and plasma-derived protein biomarker candidates have been discovered and/or verified; however, it is unclear about the behavior of these candidates as saliva or plasma biomarkers. In this study, we developed two targeted assays, MRM and SISCAPA-MRM, to quantify 30 potential biomarkers in both plasma and saliva samples collected from 30 healthy controls and 30 oral cancer patients. Single point measurements were used for target quantification while response curves for assay metric determination. In comparison with MRM assay, SISCAPA-MRM effectively improved (>1.5 fold) the detection sensitivity of 11 and 21 targets in measurement of saliva and plasma samples, respectively. The integrated results revealed that the salivary levels of these 30 selected biomarkers weakly correlated (r < 0.2) to their plasma levels. Five candidate biomarkers (MMP1, PADI1, TNC, CSTA and MMP3) exhibited significant alterations and disease-discriminating powers (AUC = 0.914, 0.827, 0.813, 0.77, and 0.753) in saliva sample; nevertheless, no such targets could be found in plasma samples. Our data support the notion that saliva may be more suitable for the protein biomarker-based detection of oral cancer, and the newly developed SISCAPA-MRM assay could be applied to verify multiple oral cancer biomarker candidates in saliva samples. SIGNIFICANCE: In this work we systematically determined the abundance of 30 selected targets in the paired saliva and plasma samples to evaluate the utility of saliva and plasma samples for protein biomarker-based detection of oral cancer. Our study provides significant evidence to support the use of saliva, but not blood samples, offer more opportunity to achieve the success of protein biomarker discovery for oral cancer detection.

4.
Acta Trop ; 201: 105202, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580848

RESUMO

Oncomelania hupensis plays a significant role in the transmission of schistosomiasis japonica, which remains a major public health concern in China. Understanding the biological characteristics of O. hupensis is a prerequisite for its control; however, there are currently no studies investigating the intestinal microbiota of the O. hupensis snail. This study aimed to profile the intestinal microbiome of O. hupensis across different ecological landscapes in mainland China. DNA was extracted from the intestines of the collected snails and the bacterial communities were detected using 454 pyrosequencing. A total of 3,799 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were obtained, and Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Actinobacteria were identified as the dominant bacterial taxa at the phylum level. Bacillus and Lactococcus were the most common genera in samples obtained from the four ecological landscapes. Snail specimens were clustered into three clades according to microbial community diversity, and thirty-seven genera that contributed to differential microbiota distributions were identified. Co-occurrence network analysis indicated a symbiotic relationship for the intestinal microbiota of O. hupensis, and PICRUSt analysis predicted forty-one metabolic functions in all snail samples, including membrane transport, amino acid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, replication and repair, energy metabolism, as well as xenobiotics biodegradation and metabolism. These findings improve our understanding of bacterial ecology in the O. hupensis intestine; further studies will focus on the relationship between O. hupensis intestinal microbiota and the microbiota in their specific ecological environments.

5.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(1): 447-451, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383192

RESUMO

The electrical and optical properties of micro-light emitting diodes (µ-LEDs), including current-voltage (I-V), capacitance-voltage (C-V) curves, photoluminescence (PL) as well as electroluminescence (EL) spectra have been measured and analyzed. It is found that the unit area emitting intensity of small size µ-LED is stronger that of big size µ-LED at the same conditions, due to the enhancement of both the internal quantum efficiency ηint and extraction efficiency Cex. The present method of utilizing the µ-LED for improving the unit area brightness of LEDs is applicable to high efficiency surface emitting device on GaN-on-silicon platform.

6.
Carbohydr Polym ; 227: 115280, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590855

RESUMO

A water-soluble polysaccharide from Monostroma nitidum, designated MWS, was isolated using water extraction, anion-exchange and size-exclusion chromatography. MWS was a sulfated glucuronorhamnan consisting of →3)-α-l-Rhap-(1→, →4)-ß-d-GlcpA-(1→ and →2)-α-l-Rhap-(1→ units. Sulfate ester groups located at C-4/C-2 of →3)-α-l-Rhap-(1→ and C-4/C-3 of →2)-α-l-Rhap-(1→ units. In in vitro tests, it was proved that MWS possessed broad spectrum against different viruses, especially for enterovirus 71 (EV71) with nearly no toxicity in relation to cell lines used. MWS may largely inhibit EV71 infection before or during viral adsorption through binding to virus particles and block some early steps of virus life cycle by down-regulating host phosphoinositide 3-kinase /protein kinase B signaling pathway. Intramuscular injection of MWS markedly reduced viral titers in EV71-infected mice. The data demonstrated that MWS could have great promising to become an antiviral drug for prevention and therapy of EV71 infection.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 382: 121028, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473517

RESUMO

The extensive utilization of rigid polyurethane foam (RPUF) as construction insulation material has brought two main troubles to our society: fire risks and toxic hazards. To reduce the fire hazards of RPUF, a layered MoS2 decorated with Cu2O nanoparticles was creativity obtained by hydrothermal technology and facile wet chemical treatment for reducing the toxic product formations of polyurethane nanocomposites during combustion. Due to the low weight ratio of Cu2O attached onto MoS2, the resulting Cu2O-MoS2 hybrid effectively prevented the MoS2 nanosheets from restacking. However, the Cu2O-MoS2-M hybrid was produced by increasing content of Cu2O, which has the characteristic stacked layer structure of MoS2. Reduced harmful organic volatiles and the toxic gases (e.g. a respective decrease of ca. 28% and 53% for CO and NOx products) were obtained because of synergistic effect between the physical adsorption of MoS2 and catalysis action of Cu2O. Notably, the addition of Cu2O-MoS2 hybrids led to high char formation of the RPUF nanocomposite, indicating the effectively catalytic carbonization property. In addition, the N-Gas model for predicting fire smoke toxicity was developed and demonstrated. Furthermore, the research offers direct proofs of the negative influence of the stacked MoS2 on reducing the smoke toxicity for RPUF nanocomposites.

8.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 177: 112875, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546138

RESUMO

Schisanlactone E (SE) is a bioactive ingredient extracted from the stem of Kadsura heteroclita (Roxb) Craib. SE has various pharmacological activity such as anti-tumor and anti-leukemia effects. However, its absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion have rarely been examined. In this study, new quali-quantitative analytical methods were developed for metabolic and pharmacokinetic studies of SE in rats. A UHPLC-MS/MS method was developed to determine SE in rat plasma, urine, and feces. Samples were precipitated with methanol and analyzed in multiple reaction monitoring mode. The established method was validated and applied to the pharmacokinetics, bioavailability, and excretion analysis of SE after oral (6 mg/kg) or intravenous (2 mg/kg) administration. The absolute oral bioavailability of SE was approximately 79.3%. After oral administration, SE was mainly excreted via feces with a rate of 41.7% for 48 h. SE could not be detected in urine. Furthermore, a UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS method was developed for the metabolite screening of SE in rat plasma, urine, and feces. Metabolites were extracted by solid phase extraction and analyzed with full MS/dd-MS2 scan mode. As a result, 15 metabolites including 11 phase I and 4 phase II metabolites were identified by a three-step analytical strategy. The carboxyl group, the five membered ring, and the six membered α,ß-unsaturated lactone ring of SE could be predicted as the main metabolic sites. This study provides comprehensive insights into the pharmacokinetic and metabolic profiles of SE, and would be valuable for future development and utilization of SE and Kadsura heteroclita.

9.
Int J Hyg Environ Health ; 223(1): 1-9, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional studies have linked greater polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposure to adverse neuropsychological effects in older adults, including learning, memory, and depressive symptoms. However, no studies among older adults have evaluated the association over time. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of serum PCB levels on neuropsychological function over a 14-year period in a cohort of older men and women from a PCB-contaminated area of New York State. METHODS: In 2000-2002, we assessed serum PCB levels and neuropsychological function (including the California Verbal Learning Test Trial 1 (CVLTT1) for verbal memory and learning, and the Beck Depression Index (BDI) for depressive symptoms) in 253 men and women, ages 55-74 years. A total of 116 (46%) persons repeated the PCB and neuropsychological assessment 14 years later. To assess the association over time, we used generalized estimating equations with clustering variables time, total PCB (∑PCB), and ∑PCB × time, and adjusted for baseline age, sex, smoking, and total serum-lipids. For statistically significant ∑PCB × time interactions, we evaluated the association between PCBs and either verbal memory and learning or depressive symptoms while holding ∑PCB constant at the 10th and 90th percentiles to clarify the direction of the interaction. RESULTS: Over the study period, serum ∑PCB levels (wet-weight) declined by 22%, and were associated with different patterns of change over time for memory (∑PCB × Time ß = 0.08 p = 0.009) and depressive symptoms (∑PCB × Time ß = -0.16 p = 0.013). Specifically, verbal memory and learning decreased (ß = -0.08 p = 0.008) and depressive symptoms increased (ß = 0.17 p = 0.008) among persons with low exposure (∑PCB levels at the 10th percentile), while persons with high exposure (90th percentile) showed non-significant improvements. DISCUSSION: In this cohort, declining ∑PCB levels were likely due at least in part to low rates of local fish consumption in recent decades, given the ban since 1976. The decreased verbal memory and learning and increased depressive symptoms over time among persons with low serum ∑PCB levels is consistent with studies of normative aging. However, the small improvements in those outcomes among those with high serum ∑PCB levels was unexpected. Healthy survivor selection bias or uncontrolled confounding may explain this result. It may also indicate that the neurotoxic impacts of PCBs in older adults are not permanent, but future studies are needed to confirm this possibility.

10.
Support Care Cancer ; 28(1): 373-380, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The assessment of nutritional status and the quality of life in patients with gastric cancer has become one of the important goals of current clinical treatment. The purpose of this study was to assess the nutritional status in hospitalized gastric cancer patients by using patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) and to analyze the influence of nutritional status on the patients' quality of life (QOL). METHODS: We reviewed the pathological diagnosis of gastric cancer for 2322 hospitalized patients using PG-SGA to assess their nutritional status and collected data on clinical symptoms, the anthropometric parameters (height, weight, body mass index (BMI), mid-arm circumference (MAC), triceps skin-fold thickness (TSF), and hand-grip strength (HGS). We also collected laboratory data (prealbumin, albumin, hemoglobin) within 48 h after the patient was admitted to the hospital. The 30-item European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) was used for QOL assessment in all patients. RESULTS: By using PG-SGA, we found 80.4% of the patients were malnourished (score ≥ 4) and 45.1% of the patients required urgent nutritional support (score ≥ 9). In univariate analysis, old age (> 65 years, p < 0.001), female (p = 0.007), residence in a village (p = 0.004), a lower level of education (p < 0.001), and self-paying (p < 0.001) were indicated as risk factors of patients with gastric cancer to be suffering from severe malnutrition. There was a negative correlation between PG-SGA and various nutritional parameters (p < 0.05). The quality of life was significantly different in gastric cancer patients with different nutritional status (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Malnutrition of hospitalized patients with gastric cancer in China is common and seriously affects the patients' quality of life. The nutritional status should be evaluated in a timely manner and reasonable nutritional intervention should be provided as soon as possible. The PG-SGA was fit for using as a clinical nutrition assessment method, being worthy of clinical application.

11.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(2): 1733-1745, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317555

RESUMO

In the last decade, circular RNAs (circRNAs) emerge as important regulators in multiple biological processes. Lately, it is reported hsa_circRNA_103809 could play vital parts in several types of cancers. Based on the analysis of GEO data (GSE97332), hsa_circRNA_103809 was found to be dysregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the biological function and underlying regulatory mechanisms of hsa_circRNA_103809 in HCC remain unclear. Our results suggested that hsa_circRNA_103809 was overexpressed in HCC patients, and hsa_circRNA_103809 knockdown remarkably inhibited the proliferation, cycle progression, and migration of HCC cells. The investigations of molecular showed that hsa_circRNA_103809 could elevate the protein expression of a miR-377-3p target, fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1), through interacting with miR-377-3p and decreasing its expression level. Additionally, in vivo assays revealed hsa_circRNA_103809 short hairpin RNA served as a tumor suppressor through downregulating FGFR1 in HCC. This study systematically investigated novel regulatory signaling of hsa_circRNA_103809/miR-377-3p/FGFR1 axis, providing insights into hepatocellular carcinoma treatment from bench to clinic.

12.
Med Image Anal ; 59: 101591, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704452

RESUMO

Accurate and automated cardiac bi-ventricle quantification based on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) image is a very crucial procedure for clinical cardiac disease diagnosis. Two traditional and commensal tasks, i.e., bi-ventricle segmentation and direct ventricle function index estimation, are always independently devoting to address ventricle quantification problem. However, because of inherent difficulties from the variable CMR imaging conditions, these two tasks are still open challenging. In this paper, we proposed a unified bi-ventricle quantification framework based on commensal correlation between the bi-ventricle segmentation and direct area estimation. Firstly, we proposed the area commensal correlation between the two traditional cardiac quantification tasks for the first time, and designed a novel deep commensal network (DCN) to join these two commensal tasks into a unified framework based on the proposed commensal correlation loss. Secondly, we proposed an differentiable area operator to model the proposed area commensal correlation and made the proposed model continuously differentiable. Thirdly, we proposed a high-efficiency and novel uncertainty estimation method through one-time inference based on cross-task output variability. And finally DCN achieved end-to-end optimization and fast convergence as well as uncertainty estimation with one-time inference. Experiments on the four open accessible short-axis CMR benchmark datasets (i.e., Sunnybrook, STACOM 2011, RVSC, and ACDC) showed that the proposed method achieves best bi-ventricle quantification accuracy and optimization performance. Hence, the proposed method has big potential to be extended to other medical image analysis tasks and has clinical application value.

13.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 25: 593-605, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585906

RESUMO

Fibrosis, or the excess deposition of fibrous tissue, is a critical feature of chronic kidney disease. Here, using renal fibrotic rat as a model, which was established via 5/6 nephrectomy (Nx), the role of TMEM45A transmembrane protein in renal fibrosis was investigated. The results indicated that 5/6 Nx gradually led to histopathological abnormalities and loss of kidney function in rats, which correlated with upregulation of TMEM45A and Notch1. Interestingly, in NRK-49F renal cells, overexpression of TMEM45A resulted in up-regulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) components as well as induction of Notch-1 and Jagged-1. These effects were weakened by DAPT, an inhibitor of the Notch pathway, suggesting an important role of Notch signaling in mediating the functions of TMEM45A in NRK-49F cells Moreover, TMEM45A knockdown by TMEM45A siRNA in NRK-49F cells diminished TGF-b1-induced upregulation of ECM components, inflammatory cytokines, Notch-1 and Jagged-1. Correspondingly, TGF-beta 1 exhibited pro-fibrogenic like effect in NRK-49F cells and induced TMEM45A and Jagged1/Notch expression. Collectively, these results demonstrate that TMEM45A plays an important role in renal fibrosis by regulating ECM components and Jagged1/Notch pathway.

14.
Phytochemistry ; 169: 112178, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669819

RESUMO

In the present work, we take advantage of the characteristic NMR signal (δC-10 = 96.0-99.9) for guiding the isolation of schinortriterpenoids (SNTs) from n-butanol fraction of stems of Kadsura heteroclita which is a Tujia ethnomedicine with trivial name "Xuetong". This effort resulted in the identification of three unreported 3,4:9,10-disecocycloartane triterpenoids xuetongdilactones A-C and three undescribed SNTs xuetongdilactones D-F, along with two known SNTs, namely, wuweizidilactone B and micrandilactone B. The structures of the unreported compounds were established based on 1D, and 2D NMR, HRESIMS, and ECD spectroscopic data analysis. The absolute stereochemistry of xuetongdilactone A was determined by X-ray diffraction analysis along with ECD calculation. The antioxidant and cytotoxic activities were evaluated for all the isolated compounds.

15.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109517, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698267

RESUMO

Circular RNA (circRNA) is a special type of endogenous non-coding RNA that plays an important role in carcinogenesis. However, its biological relevance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still largely uncharacterized. Here, we aimed to explore the function and clinical implication of circ-FOXP1 in HCC. We found that circ-FOXP1 was significantly upregulated in HCC tissues, serum and cell lines., which was attributed to the upregulation of oncogenic transcription factor SOX9. Depletion of circ-FOXP1 significantly inhibited HCC cell proliferation, invasion and induced apoptosis. Nevertheless, overexpression of circ-FOXP1 displayed the opposite trend. Further mechanismic study revealed that circ-FOXP1 was preferentially located in the cytoplasm and could concurrently sponge miR-875-3p and miR-421, resulting in increasing levels of a cohort of their target oncogenes, including SOX9. Moreover, knockdown of circ-FOXP1 evidently retarded tumor growth in vivo, but this effect was significantly abolished after silencing of miR-875-3p or miR-421. Clinically, high circ-FOXP1 was closely correlated with larger tumor size, microvascular invasion, advanced TNM stage, and predicted poor prognosis. In addition, serum circ-FOXP1 level could effectively discriminate HCC patients from healthy controls. Collectively, our data clearly suggest that circ-FOXP1 is a novel driver for the tumorigenesis and aggressive progression of HCC, which provides a potential therapeutic target for patients with HCC.

16.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109586, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706104

RESUMO

Transforming growth factor-ß 1 (TGF-ß1) is a key mediator in fibrogenesis, and is upregulated and activated in fibrotic diseases. The exact role of TGF-ß1-Smad signaling in the progression of silicosis fibrosis is yet to be conclusively determined. Using a Wistar rat silicosis model, we examined whether tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA) could meliorate silicosis fibrosis. The pulmonary fibroblasts of rats from the normal control group and silicosis-induced model group were extracted and examined so as to further explore the disruption of TGF-ß1-Smad signaling pathway in silicosis pathogenesis and the intervention of Tan IIA in this pathway. Using RT-PCR, immunohistochemical staining, and immunofluorescence analysis, we determined that Tan IIA could ameliorate silicosis fibrosis, downregulate collagen I, collagen III, and α-SMA expression both, in vivo and in vitro. In silicosis fibroblasts, TGF-ß1 induced phosphorylation of Smad2, Smad3, and negative feedback Smad7 inhibition in a dose dependent manner, and the phosphorylation of Smad3 persisted when the upstream signal was blocked. Tan IIA treatment effectively inhibited the TGF-ß1-induced phosphorylation of Smads, especially the persistent phosphorylation of Smad3 in the nucleus, and upregulated the expression of Smad7 in silicosis fibroblasts, leading to a reduction in ECM deposition. Our findings indicate that dysregulation of the TGF-ß1-Smad signaling pathway may play an important role in the pathological process of silicosis. Tan IIA thus ameliorates silicosis fibrosis partially by suppressing activation of TGF-ß1-Smad signaling pathway, which may turn out to be a potential therapeutic approach to prevent silicosis fibrosis.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; 698: 134136, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783443

RESUMO

Solar-driven photothermal conversion devices are proved to promising in fresh water generation, but often hindered due to complex manufacturing processes, low efficiency and poor reusability. Herein, we proposed a one-step carboxylated multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNTs-COOH) loading on the cotton fabric (CF), and assembled a jellyfish-shaped solar evaporator in which the evaporation layer acted as the body and cotton yarns (CYs) as the tentacles used for water transportation. The jellyfish-shaped solar evaporator has the advantages of separating the evaporation layer from bulk water, thereby effectively prevents heat dissipation and improves evaporation efficiency. The assembled evaporator exhibited an evaporation rate of 1.18kgm-2h-1 and a high energy conversion efficiency of 86.01% under 1.0 sun illumination (1.0kWm-2). This simple preparation, high efficiency and excellent reusability jellyfish-shaped solar evaporator is expected to be used efficiently under natural light conditions, and has great application prospects for remote areas that lack fresh water supplies.

18.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 609-620, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31353638

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) take part in a variety of biological processes by regulating target genes. Transforming growth factor ß receptor 1 (TGFBR1) and TGFBR2 are crucial members of the TGF-ß family and are serine/threonine kinase receptors. The aim of this study was to explore the functions of ssc-miR-204 in porcine preadipocyte differentiation and apoptosis with regard to the TGFß/Smad pathway. We identified miRNAs predicted to target TGFBR1 and TGFBR2 using a database and selected ssc-miR-204 as a candidate miRNA. ssc-miR-204 overexpression dramatically reduced the levels of TGFBR1 and TGFBR2. However, after transfection with ssc-miR-204 inhibitor, TGFBR1 and TGFBR2 levels were dramatically increased. ssc-miR-204 overexpression dramatically promoted porcine preadipocyte differentiation and apoptosis. After transfection with ssc-miR-204 inhibitor, porcine preadipocyte differentiation and apoptosis were dramatically inhibited. After transfection with ssc-miR-204 mimics, Smad2, Smad3, Smad4, p-Smad2, and p-Smad3 protein levels significantly decreased, and adipogenesis was regulated by inhibiting the TGF-ß/Smad3 signaling pathway. Taken together, these results verified that ssc-miR-204 regulates porcine preadipocyte differentiation and apoptosis by targeting TGFBR1 and TGFBR2.

19.
Clin Nucl Med ; 45(1): 90-91, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789915

RESUMO

A 64-year-old woman with a history of cirrhosis and progressive difficulty breathing underwent pulmonary ventilation/perfusion SPECT to evaluate possible pulmonary embolism. The images demonstrated multiple mismatched ventilation/perfusion defects in both lungs, suggesting pulmonary embolism. However, there was also Tc-MAA radioactivity in the brain and bilateral kidney, with a right-to-left shunting rate of 8.8%. In addition, CT pulmonary angiography did not demonstrate embolus. The findings indicated that perfusion defects were caused by hepatopulmonary syndrome.

20.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124693, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524627

RESUMO

In this work, self-assembled gels were prepared with exfoliated montmorillonite and chitosan (EMCG) as the adsorbent for removing methyl orange (MO) from water in absence and presence of methylene blue (MB). Several techniques including scanning electron microscope (SEM), zeta potential, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used for the characterization of the EMCG before and after removal of MO. The EMCG performed well in the removal of MO attributing to the electrostatic attraction, cation exchange and hydrogen bond. The adsorption behaviors were followed pseudo-second-order and Langmuir isotherm. More surprisingly, the maximum adsorption capacity of MO was obviously enhanced in the presence of MB that it increased from 545 mg g-1 (absence of MB) to 1060 mg g-1 with the shielding effect of MB on EMCG which allowed MO and MB to alternately arrange at the adsorption sites. This finding of the synergistic effect between the two dyes on the proposed composite opens up new vistas to imagine the enhanced purification of the wastewater with multiple dyes co-existed using the multifunctional adsorbents.

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