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1.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 99: 107899, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217993

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most prevalent and highly malignant pathological type of kidney cancer. Finding more precise biomarkers is critical for enhancing the prognosis of patients with ccRCC. Multiple studies have suggested that Holliday junction recognition protein (HJURP) promotes tumor progression and predicts poor prognosis in a variety of cancers. However, the role of HJURP in ccRCC remains unclear. METHODS: The ccRCC dataset was obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and the relationship between HJURP expression and ccRCC clinical features was investigated using R software. The effect of HJURP expression on survival was assessed using survival probabilities and Cox regression. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used to identify HJURP-related signaling pathways in ccRCC. Finally, Tumor IMmune Estimation Resource (TIMER) and Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA)were used to analyzethe correlation between HJURP expression and immunocyte infiltrates in ccRCC. RESULTS: HJURP expression was upregulated in ccRCC. Increased HJURP expression was associated with poor pathological features and correlated with poor prognosis in patients with ccRCC. Cox regression further found that HJURP expression was a high-risk factor for ccRCC patients. GSEA revealed that HJURP was closely linked to multiple immune-related signaling pathways. In ccRCC, HJURP expression was closely correlated with infiltration of various immune cells and expression of a wide range of immunocyte gene markers. CONCLUSION: HJURP is a potential independent prognostic marker in ccRCC that plays an essential role in the tumor microenvironment by regulating immunocyte infiltration.

2.
Pathol Res Pract ; 224: 153487, 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225215

RESUMO

Gastric carcinoma (GC) is one of the most frequent types of malignancy worldwide. Resistance to paclitaxel (PTX) has become an obstacle to the prognosis of GC, and the underlying mechanism is not clear. A previous study identified GC-related circRNAs via microarray analysis and bioinformatics analysis, and we discovered that circPLEC (hsa_circ_104722) was markedly upregulated in GC tissues and cells. The molecular mechanism of circPLEC in PTX-resistant GC cells still needs to be explored. In the present study, qRT-PCR demonstrated that circPLEC was upregulated in PTX-resistant GC tissues and cells, indicating that circPLEC boosts the PTX resistance of GC. circPLEC downregulation weakened GC resistance to PTX and tumorigenesis, migration and invasion and promoted the apoptosis of PTX-resistant GC cells. MiR-198 inhibitor reversed the effect of circPLEC downreguAlation in PTX-resistant GC cells, and MUC19 downregulation weakened GC resistance to PTX and tumorigenesis and improved the apoptosis of PTX-resistant GC cells. In summary, circPLEC acts as a sponge of miR-198 to promote the PTX resistance and tumorigenesis of GC cells by regulating MUC19 expression.

3.
Child Abuse Negl ; 120: 105164, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing prevalence of risky sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM) exacerbate the transmission of HIV. Previous studies had demonstrated that childhood sexual abuse (CSA) was associated with one or more sexual behaviors, but few studies have been conducted among MSM in China. OBJECTIVE: This present study aimed to estimate latent classes of risky sexual behaviors and test for CSA differences in latent class memberships among Chinese MSM. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The eligible participants were MSM aged 16 years or older who reported ever having oral or anal sex with men in the past 6 months. METHODS: Data were obtained from an anonymous questionnaire between September 2017 to January 2018 in three cities in China, and contained questions about sexual-related behaviors and CSA experience. Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to classify the patterns of sexual behaviors and binomial regression was used to examine the relationships among these variables. RESULTS: Among 628 MSM, 22.6% reported experiencing CSA. A two-classes pattern of sexual behaviors was identified, with 46.7% in the low-risk class and 53.3% in the high-risk class. MSM who experienced CSA were more likely to be high-risk group compared to those without CSA experiences [odds ratio (OR) = 1.981; 95% confidence interval (CI) =1.329-2.954)]. CONCLUSIONS: CSA was prevalent among Chinese MSM. And MSM with CSA experiences are more prone to be assigned to the high-risk group. Future HIV interventions need to focus on MSM who experienced CSA.

4.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 89: 63-72, 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229155

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Missense variants and multiplications of the alpha-synuclein gene (SNCA) are established as rare causes of autosomal dominant forms of Parkinson's Disease (PD). METHODS: Two families of Turkish origins with PD were studied; the SNCA coding region was analyzed by Sanger sequencing, and by whole exome sequencing (WES) in the index patient of the first and the second family, respectively. Co-segregation studies and haplotype analysis across the SNCA locus were carried out. Functional studies included in vitro thioflavin-T aggregation assay and in silico structural modelling of the alpha-synuclein (α-syn) protein. RESULTS: We identified a novel heterozygous SNCA variant, c.215C > T (p.Thr72Met), segregating with PD in a total of four members in the two families. A shared haplotype across the SNCA locus was found among variant carriers, suggestive of a common ancestor. We next showed that the Thr72Met α-syn displays enhanced aggregation in-vitro, compared to the wild-type species. In silico analysis of a tetrameric α-syn structural model revealed that Threonine 72 lies in the tetrameric interface, and substitution with the much larger methionine residue could potentially destabilize the tetramer. CONCLUSION: We present clinical, genetic, and functional data supporting a causative role of the SNCA c.215C > T (p.Thr72Met) variant in familial PD. Testing for this variant in patients with PD, especially of Turkish origin, might detect additional carriers. Further functional analyses might offer new insights into the shared biochemical properties of the PD-causing SNCA missense variants, and how they lead to neurodegeneration.

5.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 3593-3602, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238114

RESUMO

Immune-related long noncoding RNAs (irlncRNAs) are actively involved in regulating the immune status. This study aimed to establish a risk model of irlncRNAs and further investigate the roles of irlncRNAs in predicting prognosis and the immune landscape in pancreatic cancer. The transcriptome profiles and clinical information of 176 pancreatic cancer patients were retrieved from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Immune-related genes (irgenes) downloaded from ImmPort were used to screen 1903 immune-related lncRNAs (irlncRNAs) using Pearson's correlation analysis (R > 0.5; p < 0.001). Random survival forest (RSF) and survival tree analysis showed that 9 irlncRNAs were highly correlated with overall survival (OS) according to the variable importance (VIMP) and minimal depth. Next, Cox regression analysis was used to establish a risk model with 3 irlncRNAs (LINC00462, LINC01887, RP11-706C16.8) that was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier analysis, the areas under the curve (AUCs) of the receiver operating characteristics and the C-index. Additionally, we performed Cox regression analysis to establish the clinical prognostic model, which showed that the risk score was an independent prognostic factor (p < 0.001). A nomogram and calibration plots were drawn to visualize the clinical features. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test and Pearson's correlation analysis further explored the irlncRNA signatures and immune cell infiltration, as well as the immunotherapy response.

7.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(7): 685, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238924

RESUMO

Acute lung injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-associated pulmonary inflammation is associated with high rates of morbidity. Despite advances in the clinical management of lung disease, molecular therapeutic options for I/R-associated lung injury are limited. Zinc finger protein 36 (ZFP36) is an AU-rich element-binding protein that is known to suppress the inflammatory response. A ZFP36 binding site occurs in the 3' UTR of the cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) binding protein (CREBBP) gene, which is known to interact with apoptotic proteins to promote apoptosis. In this study, we investigate the involvement of ZFP36 and CREBBP on I/R-induced lung injury in vivo and in vitro. Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) activates inflammatory responses, resulting in injury to different organs including the lung. Lung tissues from ZFP36-knockdown mice and mouse lung epithelial (MLE)-2 cells were subjected to either Intestinal I/R or hypoxia/reperfusion, respectively, and then analyzed by Western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and real-time PCR. Silico analyses, pull down and RIP assays were used to analyze the relationship between ZFP36 and CREBBP. ZFP36 deficiency upregulated CREBBP, enhanced I/R-induced lung injury, apoptosis, and inflammation, and increased I/R-induced lung fibrosis. In silico analyses indicated that ZFP36 was a strong negative regulator of CREBBP mRNA stability. Results of pull down and RIP assays confirmed that ZFP36 direct interacted with CREBBP mRNA. Our results indicated that ZFP36 can mediate the level of inflammation-associated lung damage following I/R via interactions with the CREBBP/p53/p21/Bax pathway. The downregulation of ZFP36 increased the level of fibrosis.

8.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(8): 243, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231032

RESUMO

The design and development of a 3D hierarchical CdS/NiO heterojunction and its application in a self-powered cathodic photoelectrochemical (PEC) bioanalysis is introduced. Specifically, NiO nanoflakes (NFs) were in situ formed on carbon fibers via a facile liquid-phase deposition method followed by an annealing step and subsequent integration with CdS quantum dots (QDs). The glucose oxidase (GOx) was then coated on the photocathode to allow the determination of glucose. Under 5 W 410 nm LED light and at a working voltage of 0.0 V (vs. Ag/AgCl), this method can assay glucose concentrations down to 1.77×10-9 M. The linear range was 5×10-7 M to 1×10-3 M, and the relative standard deviation (RSD) was below 5%. The photocathodic biosensor achieved target detection with high sensitivity and selectivity. This work is expected to stimulate more passion in the development of innovative hierarchical heterostructures for advanced self-powered photocathodic bioanalysis. Design of 3D hierarchical CdS/NiO heterojunction and its application in a self-powered cathodic photoelectrochemical (PEC) bioanalysis.

9.
Chin Med Sci J ; 36(2): 79-84, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231455

RESUMO

Objectives To validate the reliability of the Chinese version of the Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) in physician-standardized patient (SP) encounter. We also tried to examine the agreement between video-based ratings and in-room ratings, as well as the agreement between the faculty ratings and SP ratings. Methods The CARE was translated into Chinese. Forty-eight anesthesia residents were recruited to make preoperative interview in SP-counter. Performance of each resident was graded by in-room raters, video raters and SP raters. Consistency between different raters was examined. Results The Chinese-CARE measure demonstrated high scale reliability with a Cronbach's alpha value of 0.95 and high consistency in the in-room ratings in intraclass correlation (coefficient=0.888,P<0.001). Despite a good consistency in intraclass correlation, video ratings were significantly higher than in-room ratings (39.6±7.1vs. 24.0±10.0,P<0.001), and Wilcoxon signed-rank test indicated that the pass/fail rate was significantly higher based on video ratings than based on in-room ratings (45/48vs. 22/48, P<0.001). SP ratings had a moderate consistency with in-room faculty ratings (coefficient=0.568,P<0.001), and there was no significant difference between the pass/fail rates based on the in-room ratings and SP ratings (22/48vs. 28/48, P=0.12). Conclusions The Chinese-CARE measure is reliable in the assessment of empathy during preoperative anesthesia interview. In-room and video ratings are not equivalent, while SP may provide a feasible alternative for the faculty rater in the assessment of communication skills with an appropriate measure.

10.
Chin Med Sci J ; 36(2): 97-102, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231457

RESUMO

Objective Burnout is a triad of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment resulting from job stress. Although with distinct regional and cultural characteristics, burnout among anesthesiologists in the Tibet has not been described. This study aimed to explore the prevalence of burnout among anesthesiologists in Tibet and its associated factors. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Tibet, China, with an anonymous questionnaire. Social-demographic characteristics, work status, three dimensions of burnout assessed by the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey were collected and analyzed. Results A total of 133 individuals from 17 hospitals completed the survey from March to June 2018. The prevalence of moderate- to high-level of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and burnout in personal accomplishment was 65.4% (95%CI, 57.0%-72.9%), 66.9% (95%CI, 58.5%-74.3%), and 83.5% (95%CI, 76.2%-88.8%), respectively. An annual caseload ≥500, frequent overtime work and fair to poor sleep quality were significantly associated with a higher level of emotional exhaustion ( P<0.001,P=0.001, and P<0.0001, respectively). 5-9 years in anesthesiology experience was significantly associated with a high level of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization (P=0.002 and P=0.003, respectively). Conclusions More than half of anesthesiologists working in Tibet experience a moderate- to high- level of burnout in at least one dimensional scale. Anesthesiologists having 5-9 years of experience are more prone to emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. Efforts to decrease burnout through reducing the working load and raising the social recognition of anesthesiologists in Tibet should be considered.

11.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 32(4): 401-411, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) enables the detection of ulcerations in the small bowel. However, determining an etiological diagnosis remains challenging. This study was conducted to investigate the clinical and endoscopic features of ulcerations with isolated involvement of the small bowel (UIISB) to improve diagnostic ability. METHODS: Patients (n = 565) who underwent DBE and presented with ulcerations in the small bowel at Nanfang Hospital from January 2005 to January 2018 were eligible. Medical records were retrospectively examined. Predictors to determine ulceration etiology were identified by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: After excluding patients with extra-ulcerations in other sites (n = 306) and those without follow-up records (n = 50), 209 patients with UIISB were enrolled. Among them, 59.3% of the ulcers were in the ileum, 26.8% in the jejunum, and 13.4% in the jejunoileum. Initial symptoms included abdominal pain (54.1%) and obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (30.0%). The multiplicity of ulceration was categorized as a single (22.0%) or multiple (78.0%). Cases were diagnosed with Crohn's disease (50.7%), chronic nonspecific inflammation (21.5%), diverticulum (9.1%), lymphoma (6.2%), gastrointestinal stromal tumor (4.3%), intestinal tuberculosis (1.9%), adenocarcinoma (1.4%), infective enteritis (1.4%), hemangioma (1.0%), cryptogenic multifocal ulcerous stenosing enteritis (1.0%), anastomotic ulcer (0.5%), intestinal duplication (0.5%), or neuroendocrine tumor (0.5%). Etiology identification indicated the if patients were aged 40 years or more, or had overt bleeding, single ulceration, and ulcer at jejunum, it as more prone to be neoplastic (P < .05). CONCLUSION: When we manage patients with UIISB, Crohn's disease should be first under consideration. Age≥40, overt bleeding, single ulceration, and ulcer at jejunum were reasonable indications for etiology of neoplasm or non-neoplasm.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic fracture is a serious complication of osteoporosis. The long-term therapy process and the heavy restriction to physical activities give rise to a psychological burden on osteoporotic fracture patients, especially older adult patients. Psychological nursing interventions significantly alleviate negative emotional reactions in cancer patients. This research aimed to investigate the function of psychological nursing interventions in the reduction of depression and anxiety and the improvement of quality of life in older adult patients with osteoporotic fracture. METHODS: Osteoporotic fracture patients (n = 106) were divided into control group (n = 53) or intervention group (n = 53). In the control group, the participants were given conventional nursing care. In the intervention group, the participants were given psychological nursing interventions. Anxiety, depression, and quality of life were evaluated and compared between the two groups. RESULTS: After 5 weeks of psychological nursing intervention, the anxiety and depression scores significantly decreased in the intervention group. The Mental Function in Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis score also decreased in the intervention group. LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: Psychological nursing interventions alleviate anxiety and depression in older adult osteoporotic fracture patients and enhance their mental function.

13.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232552

RESUMO

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies have revealed distinct white matter (WM) characteristics of the brain following diseases. Beyond the lesion-symptom maps, stroke is characterized by extensive structural and functional alterations of brain areas remote to local lesions. Here, we further investigated the structural changes over a global level by using DTI data of 10 ischemic stroke patients showing motor impairment due to basal ganglia lesions and 11 healthy controls. DTI data were processed to obtain fractional anisotropy (FA) maps, and multivariate pattern analysis was used to explore brain regions that play an important role in classification based on FA maps. The WM structural network was constructed by the deterministic fiber-tracking approach. In comparison with the controls, the stroke patients showed FA reductions in the perilesional basal ganglia, brainstem, and bilateral frontal lobes. Using network-based statistics, we found a significant reduction in the WM subnetwork in stroke patients. We identified the patterns of WM degeneration affecting brain areas remote to the lesions, revealing the abnormal organization of the structural network in stroke patients, which may be helpful in understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying hemiplegia.

14.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2100918, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235873

RESUMO

Developing an excellent hemostatic material with good biocompatibility and high blood absorption capacity for rapid hemostasis of deep non-compressible hemorrhage remains a significant challenge. Herein, a novel conjugate electrospinning strategy to prepare an ultralight 3D gelatin sponge consisting of continuous interconnected nanofibers. This unique fluffy nanofiber structure endows the sponge with low density, high surface area, compressibility, and ultrastrong liquid absorption capacity. In vitro assessments show the gelatin nanofiber sponge has good cytocompatibility, high cell permeability, and low hemolysis ratio. The rat subcutaneous implantation studies demonstrate good biocompatibility and biodegradability of gelatin nanofiber sponge. Gelatin nanofiber sponge aggregates and activates platelets in large quantities to accelerate the formation of platelet embolism, and simultaneously escalates other extrinsic and intrinsic coagulation pathways, which collectively contribute to its superior hemostatic capacity. In vivo studies on an ear artery injury model and a liver trauma model of rabbits demonstrate that the gelatin nanofiber sponge rapidly induce stable blood clots with least blood loss compared to gelatin nanofiber membrane, medical gauze, and commercial gelatin hemostatic sponge. Hence, the gelatin nanofiber sponge holds great potential as an absorbable hemostatic agent for rapid hemostasis.

15.
Talanta ; 233: 122581, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215073

RESUMO

A novel near-infrared-emitting aza-BODIPY-based fluorescent probe with two tellurium atoms at two upper benzyl rings has been prepared and explored for its fluorescent sensing properties towards hypochlorous acid/hypochorite (HClO/ClO-), which showed high selectivity and absolutely fluorescent "turn-on" phenomenon at 738 nm. The fluorescence of this probe was sufficiently quenched due to photoindued electron transfer by two tellurium atoms. Upon exposure to HClO/ClO-, a strong near-infrared emission at 738 nm appeared with fluorescence quantum yields changing from 0 to 0.11. This remarkable fluorescence change was ascribed to the oxidation of both electron-rich tellurium atoms. The detection limit of this probe towards HClO/ClO- was calculated to 0.09 µM in acetonitrile aqueous solution by the linear fluorescence change at 738 nm in the HClO/ClO--concentration range of 0-30 µM. Interestingly, this probe was found to be applicable in a broad pH range (2-10). Meanwhile, the oxidized probe could be further responsive to biothiols with substantial fluorescence disappearance. The bioimaging experiments in RAW264.7 cells showed the appearance of intracellular near-infrared fluorescence after addition of HClO/ClO- and PMA, and the fluorescence could also be reversed to be silenced by further introduction of GSH, confirming its potential application for exogenous and endogenous detection of HClO/ClO- in living cells.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Ácido Hipocloroso , Compostos de Boro , Microscopia de Fluorescência
16.
Talanta ; 233: 122507, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215122

RESUMO

An online separation and preconcentration method, using an automated flow injection setup and solid phase extraction followed by ICP-MS/MS, was developed for the analysis of 90Sr, and U, Am and Pu isotopes in various liquid sample matrices. The radionuclide analytes were separated from interferences and complex matrices using DGA-branched resin and Sr resin, then specific gases were used in the reaction/collision cell in the ICP-MS/MS to measure the different analytes. The system requires smaller sample volumes (10 mL), less sample preparation and shorter processing time (46 min per sample) compared to traditional radiometric and other MS techniques. Based on a 10 mL sample, the limits of detection were 1.48 pg L-1 (8257 mBq L-1) for 90Sr, 1.75 pg L-1 (0.40 mBq L-1) for 234U, 0.65 pg L-1 (77.65 mBq L-1) for 241Am, and 0.56 pg L-1 (1.25 mBq L-1) for 239Pu when all target analytes were measured in one analysis. The analytical figures of merit were evaluated for a range of sample matrices including lake water, seawater and urine and were comparable to those reported in the literature. This online system thus provides a novel, fully automated analytical tool with faster analysis time, smaller sample requirements, minimum sample preparation, low detection limits and the flexibility to handle single and multiple measurements of various radionuclides.


Assuntos
Plutônio , Poluentes Radioativos da Água , Plutônio/análise , Radioisótopos de Estrôncio , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Poluentes Radioativos da Água/análise
17.
Talanta ; 233: 122511, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215126

RESUMO

Liquid chromatography coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) has become the most versatile analytical tool for profiling small-molecule compounds and increasingly been applied in many fields. Nevertheless, LC-MS based quantification still face some challenges, such as signal drift in LC-MS, which may affect the validity of the obtained data and lead to misinterpretation of biological results. Here, we established a calibration method known as "RIM" to compensate the signal drift of LC-MS. To this end, a mixture of d4-2-dimethylaminoethylamine (d4-DMED)-coded normal fatty acids (C5-C23) was used as calibrants to construct RIM calibration. With the addition of calibrants, not only the MS signal drift, but also the mass accuracy and LC retention time can be calibrated, thereby improving the reliability of quantitative data. The effectiveness of RIM was carefully validated using a human serum extract spiked with 34 standards and then RIM was applied for rat brain untargeted metabolome research. In addition, to expand the functionality and flexibility of RIM for data handling, we generated a MATLAB-based RIM program, which implements the above concepts and allows automatic data process. Taken together, the proposed RIM method has potential application in large-scale quantitative study of complex samples.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Metaboloma , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 498, 2021 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Virescent mutation broadly exists in plants and is an ideal experimental material to investigate regulatory mechanisms underlying chlorophyll synthesis, photosynthesis and plant growth. Up to date, the molecular mechanisms in two virescent mutations have been clarified in cottons (Gossypiuma hirsutum). A virescent mutation has been found in the cotton strain Sumian 22, and the underlying molecular mechanisms have been studied. METHODS: The virescent mutant and wild type (WT) of Sumian 22 were cross-bred, and the F1 population were self-pollinated to calculate the segregation ratio. Green and yellow leaves from F2 populations were subjected to genome sequencing and bulked-segregant analysis was performed to screen mutations. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) were performed to identify genes in relations to chlorophyll synthesis. Intermediate products for chlorophyll synthesis were determined to validate the RT-qPCR results. RESULTS: The segregation ratio of green and virescent plants in F2 population complied with 3:1. Compared with WT, a 0.34 Mb highly mutated interval was identified on the chromosome D10 in mutant, which contained 31 genes. Among them, only ABCI1 displayed significantly lower levels in mutant than in WT. Meanwhile, the contents of Mg-protoporphyrin IX, protochlorophyllide, chlorophyll a and b were all significantly lower in mutant than in WT, which were consistent with the inhibited levels of ABCI1. In addition, a mutation from A to T at the -317 bp position from the start codon of ABCI1 was observed in the genome sequence of mutant. CONCLUSIONS: Inhibited transcription of ABCI1 might be the mechanism causing virescent mutation in Sumian 22 cotton, which reduced the transportation of protoporphyrin IX to plastid, and then inhibited Mg-protoporphyrin IX, Protochlorophyllide and finally chlorophyll synthesis. These results provided novel insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying virescent mutation in cotton.


Assuntos
Melhoramento Vegetal , Folhas de Planta , Clorofila , Clorofila A , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Mutação , Fenótipo
19.
Urol Oncol ; 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256990

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study is to evaluate the safety and feasibility of local anesthesia (LA) for percutaneous ultrasound/computed tomography (US/CT)-guided bipolar radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for small renal masses (SRMs) by comparing the LA with general anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was carried out between January 2018 to June 2020, 102 patients with SRMs were treated with US/CT-guided bipolar RFA. General anesthesia (GA) was performed in 42 and LA was performed in 60 patients. Demographics, tumor characteristics, peri-procedural data, pathologic and follow-up outcomes were analyzed. The factors associated with pain were also identified. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in demographics and tumor characteristics between the LA and GA group. A statistically significant difference was observed in terms of procedural time (P = 0.010) and hospital stays (P < 0.001). The maximum perceived pain in LA group comprised 60.0% (36 of 60) mild, 40.0% (24 of 60) moderate. The anxiety in LA group comprised 65.0% (39 of 60) mild, 33.3% (20 of 60) moderate, 1.7% (1 of 60) severe. On multivariate analysis, tumor diameter was a significant predictor for pain in RFA procedure (OR 1.560, 95% CI 1.233-1.974, P < 0.001). All patients were followed up for a median (range) of 12 (2-24) months. Local recurrence occurred in 8.3% (5 of 60) of the LA group and in 7.1% (3 of 42) in GA group (P = 1.000). CONCLUSION: Percutaneous bipolar RFA of SRMs using CT and ultrasound guidance under LA can be an effective and tolerable method for patients who are unfit for surgery and provide satisfactory oncologic control.

20.
Pathol Oncol Res ; 27: 1609743, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257612

RESUMO

Some studies reported the correlation between retraction clefts (RCs) and the clinicopathological features as well as prognosis in invasive breast carcinoma. However, limited number of investigations have been done and controversial results were reported. Larger population studies around the world might help to provide more accurate and comprehensive information. Thus, we examined the correlation between the extent of RCs and the clinicopathological features as well as the prognosis in 541 invasive breast carcinoma samples from Central China in this study. The statistical analyses were performed with the Pearson χ2 tests and univariate Cox proportional hazards regression assays. Compared with other studies, lower RCs occurrence rate (15.5%) was observed in Chinese breast cancer patients and opposite association between the presence of RCs and lymph nodes metastasis was identified, in which both progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were improved with the presence of RCs in our study. Besides, despite some statistically significant associations between RCs and molecular subtypes, RCs and estrogen receptor status, the results were largely depending on the stratification methods. Generally, no convincing association was detected between the extent of RCs and the clinicopathological features or prognosis. In sum, the extent of RCs showed limited value as a prognostic predictor in invasive breast carcinoma patients from Central China.

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